Newspaper Page Text
mmNm 1 H H H A 2 PHILADELPHIA, THURSDAY, APRIL 20, I860. DOUBLE ! SHEET THREE CENTS. I VOL. IX. NO. 103.1 as- i - FIRST EDITIOjN C XJ B A Ceiipedes' Letter to the Cuban Agent in New York Some Interest-; in? Information irom the' Insurgent General." ' ' Appeal of the Revolutionists 1 ney . vv ant .arms. 'epedcs writes as follows to tho Cuban agent' in New York: ' i General Count Valmancda, elilef of the Spanish troops now operating in the Eastern Department . lielnjf encamped with a force of more thnn iJOOO men In the burnt city of Bayamo, recently en deavored to pain military possession of tho ter ritory occupied by the forces of the Cuban chief. With that object he detached a garrison of 500 men to the town of Jiguani, and auotlier of S00 to the village of (iuina. ! Thereupon the citizen General Donato del Marinol received orders to advance upon Jiguani, while the citizen General Modesto Diazj with his forces harassed a Spanish column of one thousand men who wero protecting a convoy ou its way from Manxunillo. This column was very successfully harassed by Gene ral Modesto Diaz. I General Marmol, fulfilling the orders of the General-in-Chief, fell upon tho garrison of Jimiuni. attacked thetn in the streets during ' three consecutive days, and obliged thetn to intrench themselves in the only public square of the town, firing upon them with two cannou in the meantime from a hill close by, and as sailing them in hand-to-hand combats, he and 'his followers, on the very intreuchmeuts of the Spaniards. ' " t v ' The arrival of an auxiliary force of 500 men, despatched by Valmaseda, obliged Marmol to ' retreat npon the hill already mentioned, wlicuce he continued his Are until tho arrival of another .Spanish column, 800 strong, when, having ex hausted all his ammunition, he had to retire with his troops to within a league of the town. Generals Gomez and Figneredo (Feliz) accom panied General Marmol in the assault. His losses were twenty killed and wounded; those of the . Spaniards two hundred. This favorable dispro portion is to be attributed to the position selected by Marmol for his cannon, to tho courage of his troops, and to the terror of the Spaniards when ever they are attacked with the machete. t General Modesto Diaz having in compliance with orders harassed, as far as Bayamo, tho column which guarded the convoy, was imme diately despatched with a force of 1000 men, armed mostly with tho machete, to attack the garrison of Gnisa. Tho first encounters took place at a league from the village, and the enemy, driven into it, took refuge in the church, in which they were kept in a state of con finement and besieged during three days; the reinforcements despatched from Bayamo by Valmaseda to relieve them were defeated, and the enemy finally compelled to raise a flag of truce. The advantage thus obtained, however, was subsequently lost, because bhortly after wards a detachment of 500 men arrived, and, with great loss, succeeded in advancing to the village. Thereupon General Modesto Diaz had to retire, and did so with insignificant loss. , On another occasion tho same General, accom panied by Generals Gomez and Agullera, attacked a column of 800 Spaniards, on their way from Bayamo to Manzanillo, and so completely routed them that they were obli'jed to return to the place whence they started. The Cubans had one Killed and five wounded; the losses of tho enemy are unknown. General headquarters at Santa Rita, March 13, 18C9. C. M. Di: CBSFEDE8. Want of Arm" the Iteonon for Inaction. We have received a copy of a manifesto signed .v linrmtn del Marmol and Felix Flcueredo, o-nnral In the insnrarentarmvof Cuba, addressed to "The Citizen President of the Central Re publican Junta of Cuba and Porto Rico;" but wlm thut ircntleman is does not ap pear. The following extracts contain the chief points of the manifesto, whicn is ciaiea at f a up KkH KtvnN. District ok San-tiaoo dk Cuba, March 82, 1S69. The Spanish Government holds to day no more jrround than that trodden by its sol .li.trr . mill this Is limited to the principal towns where they are now, aa it were, imprisoned in their own house' But as they neither possess tho jriit of persuasion nor have the power to oommaud by force, they have converted those' places Into dens of tlcers dlsKutsert under the shape of man; from there they come forth, when they are sure of not being attackeu, to return wiui muwL-m vu Lima uiu boaster imaginary iriumpiia. . Yet this state of things continues unchanged nwino in th unfortunate rlrcnmstanee thut til Cuban army is unprovided with arms and neeessar r implements of war to attack the enemy in their strongholds, and so long as this necessity lasts tho ' u.tomuh airt.llf.rs. anion whom the volunteers from the Peninsula are distiiiR-iHshed for their brutal fero city, will continue with impunity to augment their list of horrible assassinations, the more keenly felt because the conduct thus far observed by the re ' nublloans of Cuba Is worthy of praise, since tlioy have K . . . . . , . i . i. ............. . . ri. -i v.nruxil tllut tillufVi IOf meir ppailiwil prinuueio i; j i...h. uwni.i- tnne is entitled to, and respect the opinions of those Afiiu ti enlist, under their banner. in view f thin critical situation and of the very lust reasons which uphold the right of Cubans to proclaim their independence and to resort to arms, it is time that some powerful and magnanimous aM. mnit internoso its intluenee in order thut the laws of civilized warfare and the precepts of humanity be suosinuieu ior uu w m imnwrn which are a disirrace to those who commit thuin. Tk ,,n.inrairiiml. therefore, address tho worthy President of the Junta Central Kcpiibiicana do Cuba ?atg Cubans wuo take no par m m t.i,i itrroanltioD of the Insurgent by iiKlaitd. The Washington correspondence of the N. Y. 'hM heen received from Cuban sources which indicate tho tailuro of tho last movement of tho Spauiards uudcr Lesea. T his U the third effort they have made to destroy the revolution. In several engagements ln tho cen tral departments they have mot sevcro repulses, and the patriots have captured a largo number of arms etc. There is considerable discussion hero about the report that Great Britain aesiKu i -cotmlzlug Cuban independence, with a view-to r"?. . .,i.ii,.iimnnt of a senarate republic,. rndS Freveut annexation It is known r. .. .V i- rnnsldorab e number of leading Y'ZuZuTunv tua vouneer men. who iavor Wof ltoreuubire. and of endeavor r" .. .......i;li, a federation between Cuba, KRicoTandl Bt. Domingo, with an eye to the Inclusion of the English and French islanda herSr. AU Movements of the Spanish troops mult soon terminate, owing to the rainy season. 1 SS ml Mexico, ana more AVennontermad. five . hundred pounds of suirar from three nunurcu wo The Memphis Post of the I5th Instant re- Puerto Klco, in oraeriuni, iiiiim. . he may not rest until he obtains that the Govern ment of the United States recognizes the indepen "... - r .i.. irnHMiinml itevolutlouarT Government nubile, in virtue of that declaration, iuwi w.m Spain that she may lie Induced to change the system orwarfare adopted by her until now, to admit the NEW V0RHXSIVX3. I From Our Own Correspondent. I Nbw York, Arm , m In the city of New York the first of May usually commences about the twenty-fifth of April. Moving in and moving out arc simultaneous. The poetic Idea of May exists no more. The eartmen and tho Biddies are tho only "zephyrs with Aurora playing as they meet them ont avMaylnp;.", But It is not proba ble that the eartmen will make more or the Biddies break more this than previous years. Indeed, there is every probability that both make and break will be less. The price of one cartload moved for only one mile will be f 10 on the average, but then a less number of Cartloads will lie moved. Many people who do move will movo out of the city instead of over the way, and the suburbs wlU brim to tho depletion of the me tropolis. The landlords have raised their rent of course. That was to be expected. The few who prefer submitting to the extortion of landlords rather than to the extortion, of eartmen, will grumblingly pay the additional hundreds. Tho many who scent prosperity amid the green suburbs will witness, the smashing of their crockery aiid furniture with ,dls mayed eye, and dole out the cart-hire to the cormo rants of greenback with sick hearts, thinking to In demnify themselves with the rich cream and tin; mellow churnings of the city's outskirts, and the fresh breathings of nature's double X atmosphere to be found there. It is mainly among the middle cliiss of houses that rents have gone up. The private dwelling which rented last year for tflrto will rent this for ftlOO, and the modest little mansion tha used to be leased for J2000 will bring In future tliM or 2300. The , middle-class landlord Is for .the most part quite Invulnerable. lie is not to be per suaded or appeased. After your having been his tenant for fifteen years, he will witness your depur tare with signs of elation. No arguments soften liim Yon may move yourself and your chattels, but you cannot "move'' hlin. A number of benevolent ladles anil gentlemen are taking a great interest in the establishment or a public washing place for poor people. Considering how hemmed In we are, hydraulioally speaking, the public baths of New York are very poor indued. Water, water everywhere, and not a drop to bathe in. The proposed plan for using the water around the Battery for bathing purposes is absurd. The flow from the sewers renders it very impure. Governor's Island would make a much lietter, in fact a quite unexceptionable, locality. It is sur rounded by pure water, and Is now altogether use less for any other purposes beyond battling. The Cuban airair, under the auspices of the "Junta Patriotiea," opened very brilliantly. How could it do otherwise when Oakey Hall was absent aud O'Ciorman took his place? The seventeen tables are presided over exclusively by brunette beauties. The American, not the English, bloude was there in full force. Thy sold the articles on the tables at re morseless prices. These fair charitable cheaters might almost be arraigned for obtaining money under false pretenses, for they fibbed about the mar ket value of the various objets tie vn-tn with spirits as light as their complexions and hearts as false as their hair. i , During the recent phantom-photograph examina tion, Mumler made the plaintive remark in reply to the permission of the Judge for him to proceed in his business, that he could not proceed, as it had been ruined by his arrest. Nothing can be less true. Notoriety is the best advertisement nowadays, and people who never heard of Mumler before will now flock to his galleries and pay dowa the ten dollars for the privilege of possessing photographs of the dear and dead the respective "sainted Marias" and "little Williams." Mumler is a great man. Amau only requires to be well kicked to become so. Four French grotesque male dancers, named Clo- doche, Flajalet, Noimande, and Comet, are to ap pear before very long at Niblo's. The Jilack Croak element may be on tho decline, but I see little evi dence of it. Tho rush to all places of amusement proves that the public taste is versatile rather than depraved. The Forty Thu-oes aud IIitmpty-lHtmpty are not the only pieces well attended and well ap plauded. The receipts at Booth's are second only to those at Niblo's. What the people will not stand is mediocrity. They will rather support a good panto mime tha u a bad Shakespearian revival. And so, truly, ali haba. SUNDAY SCHOOLS. The Niilionnl Convention In Newark, N. .1. Kr porta from Ike Different Nlaten Yesterday Afternoon' Session. . Special Correspoiuttnee of The Keening TrtmrapK : Newakk, N. J., April 28. This afternoon's session was one of great interest. The musical part of the exercises was conducted by John K. Gould, Ksq., who had a small urmy of children from the "Little Wanderers' Home" iu his choir. A large part of the session was spent lu hearing reports from Sunday School Associations (missionary, pal dishing, and State), live minutes being allotted to the representa tive of each. Want of space forbids other than a passing allusion to this interesting feature of the convention. The remarks were Intensely practical, the "spread-eagleism" so customary on some occa sions being entirely left out. . The llrst representative from a State was a gigantic brother from Maine, whose weight must be at least three hundred pounds, and as earnest a man as he is a solid one. He reports bis State as wide awake iu the Sunday School cause. A number of the States have State associations, through which the work of stimulation and arousing is put lorth, while others are working through the individual efforts of Chris tian people. Massachusetts has been at work la conventions, etc., for lli'teen years ; New York for twelve. In New Jersey every county is organized with a county association. Pennsylvania reports a lively association, working with a hearty activity, yet amid some discouragements. Ohio has been well organized for several years, and Indiana claims to be advancing handsomely in her work. A delegate ' from Texas reported a total state of devastation in the matter of juvenile education; and Ills remarks so thrilled the audience that a collection of f 176 was taken on the spot for the supply of books to that ln thC Uul0n U 1,lin19- V' uavxjMa, ui iii-.uku' KUivaii-jJuikiii iuu null uuuc there and the style ln which it Is done, which served as a stimulus to everybody present to "" uui do like- ti'Uf." The wibject of "Conventions and how to hold and conduct them" was then discussed, Rev. Alfred Taylor, of Philadelphia, opening the discussion in an address of ten minutes, in which he gave a number Of suggestions as to the practical management of the details of State and county conventions. Hev. Kdward Kggleston, of Chicago, followed with some eminently useful hints on the same subject, aud William Reynolds, Esq., of Peoria, closed with a telling account of the convention work in Illinois, where a numlier of business men hold themselves ln reserve to go to all parts of the State and hold such meetings. . Ho spoke of this spirit as the secret of the success which has followed the work In Illinois. Messrs. Marling and Sutherland, of Toronto, and Rev. Mr, Henry, of Ireland, made short and earnest speeches of congratulation to the convention. Telegraphic greeting was sent across the cable to the London Sunday School Union. ; The crowd at the evening session shows that the house was packed to its utmost capacity. This morning there must be 1600 people here, occupying every available inch of room. Rev. It C. Trumbull has lust concluded a truly eloquent address on the blessings of the school as realized ln the family. 1L Thane Miller, of Cincinnati, is now speaking, and holding tho earnest attention of the whole vast The great feature of to-morrow morning will be an address from Ueury Ward Beecuer ou our Mls- slon-scnooi wor. The The convention may be set down as the most sno- isful one ever ueiu iu mm uuuuuj, ww in puiuii SECOND EDITION LATEST BY TELEGRAPH. FroMirliig for the Execution Lewi Lane, the Wife Poisoner. of The African Colonizing Excite ment Subsiding The ! Recent Freshets. ! . Proceedings of the Washing ton Mutual Reform Association. FROM PITTSBURG. The l.nHt Itnyn of a Wife PoWner- Prepnm. lionn for Ittn Execution Preen nl Ion Tnkcn to Prevent Commuting Suicide. ; 1 Fprvial Deipatch to The Evening TeUrprapK PtTTsm'RO, April 29. Preparations arc being made this morning for the execution of Lewis Lane, the negro wife poisoner, who will be hung at noon. He appears to have come to a realization of the dreadful fate awaiting him, but ns far as can be ascertained, ho has not confessed his guilt. He Is attended by a Catholic priest, who re mained with him a great portion of the night. The prison authorities, fearful of his committing suicide, placed him under strict surveillance during the night. lie ate heartily tliis morning, and uppenrs resigned. In another column there will be found a de tailed account of an interview with the doomed man F.n. Eve. Telegraph. J FROM BALTIMORE. The Culoiilv.nl ion Spirit Subnidimf-IHhtor not Allowed f o Piny Itilliurd General l,ee and the President. Fjierial DtMjxttrh to The Reentry Teleiiraph. Baltimore, April 2U The colonization ship Golconda,flnding a falling off of applicants to ship to and colonize in Africa, Is about to make a voy nae in the merchant service to Europe. The colonization spirit has greatly abated since the war, and it Is feared it will entirely subside. Botli branches of City Council passed an ordi nance prohibiting minors from playing billiards ln public saloons, under a penalty, to the pro prietors of ten and twenty dollars. General Lee goes to Washington shortly to visit President Grant regarding Virgiuia recon struction. FROM WASHINGTON. ' Derjxiteh to the Asuociated Press. A .llntnal Or cms Reform and Uiiual HiarlitN Amocialion. Washington, April Ufl There is' a Mutual Press Reform and Equal Rights Association now in session iu tills city. A number of female doctors are prominent in the movement. Airs. Dr. Walker in a speech denied the newspaper statement that Presi dent Grant hadl rcfusud to sec her unless iu female dress, and stiid she had attcuded Mrs. Grant's reception, and h;ul been received with as much courtesy as if dressed in the usual fashion' able style. The Post Office Department requires Patrick II. Jones, recently appointed Postmaster in New York, to give bond in the sum of $750,000. Canadiaii Affair. Montreal, April W The river Ls now clear of Ice between here and Quebec, aud the steamers have commenced their regular trips. Tho water in the river fell three feet within twenty-nine hours. The commanding officers of the troops ' in Canada have been ordered to furnish rolls show ing the number of passages required for tlio troops ordered home. ; Itallroad Accident. ! Albany, April 39. A passenger train on Hie Rensselaer and Saratoga road ran off the track near Waterford last night, and was upset Several persons were bruised, but none e riously. I.nke Em igration Open. j Dunkirk, April 29 The propeller New York arrived here to-day from Toledo, with a full cargo for New York. Navlgatlou has been free aud unobstructed for the past ten days at this port. j THE EUROPEAN MARKETS. By Atlantic Cable. j TIiIh Itlornlnff'ii Quotation. ' London. Anril 29 A. M. Consols 93 y. for monev. and 93u(i9 i4 for account. American stocks quiet. I", a Five-twenties, 80 ; Krie Itallroad, 21. : Illinois Central, 9S'. Livkrj-ool, April 29 A. M Cotton is a shade tinner, but the quotations are uuultered; middling uplands, lljid. ; middling Orleans, ISI'.d. The sales to-iluy are estimated at wXH) bales. i Coru is declining. j Thin Afternoon' QuotatioiiM. ! Londoh, April 29 P. M. Consols 93", for both inouey and account. American stocks steady. I nlted States Five-twenties uualtered; Krie Kail road, 21 ; Ureat Western, 23. - Liverpool, April 29 P. M Cotton quiet and steady. The sales are estimated ut lo.ooo bules ; Uie quotations are unchanged. Tallow, 4fts. I Havkk, April 29 The cotton market opens quiet aud steady. ( Ufarkets by Telegraph. New York, April 29. Cotton quiet; 200 bales sold at 2s;( '2H.V. Flour is without decided change. Wheat advanced l2c. ; No. 2 spring $l- dellvcreiL Hales of 1200 bushels. Corn advanced lm 2c. Kales of 4S.OH0 bushels; mixed Western 82J.(rfSftc. ; white Western, bTx s ln store and ailoat. Oats quiet ; sales of 12,000 bushels Western at KOe. In store, and sn2'ir it S8c ailoat. Beef quiet: moss, IiA16; extra 12 mis. Mess Pork f drooping; new, t31-10; prime, f.'ft.7B(.27-75. Laid heavy at ltxlSJic tor steam. Whisky dull. Nkw York, April V) Stocks llrm. Gold, 134. Ex change, 9. 6-20S, 18T2, 121 do. 1864. 1173. J do. lHtifl, 119; new, 11(1; 1kiS7, 110; 10-40S, ; Virginia s, 62 Missouri 6s, 8.v, Canton Company, 64.V; Cumberland preferred, 80; Now York Central, To; Heading, 9fls ; Hudson Itlver, 1R4; Michigan Cen tral, 127tf;Mlchlgan Noutuern, 1 10 ; Illinois Central, 143 ; Cleveland and Pittsburg, 92 v ; Cleveland and Toledo, 101; Chicago and ltock-hiland, 136; Pitta burg and Fort Wayne, 187X- - Uai.timokk, April 29 Cotton is a shado better, but not quotably higher; middling uplands, 28c, Klour active and favors buyers. Wheat steady; prime to choice red, l-90(a. Corn firm; white, 7a (osoc; yellow, Mi!. Oats firmer at 73A76a for prime. Ke steady and unchanged. Pork quiet; ba!OU rib sides, Wa. ; clear do., 17X0- i shoulders, 14X".'. hams, 20a,2ie, Lard, i9o. Whisky llrm but quiet at 293o. ; some, gales at 2a HAM FKANCisoo, April Its. Klour dull at t4-89,V9 fllta. Good shipping wheat, ll-w. Legal-tenders, 70. bailed, Bhip General McUellap, for Liverpool, THIRD EDITION WASHINOTOIN. Exodus of the President's Family to Jlount Vernon-The Office-j , seekers Enraged Con- i , solidation of the Army. j Sales of Government . Gold, FROM WASHINGTON. f))f'ial Detpateh to The Fceninq TtUftrapK i President (Irani and Family Vitlt Mount Vernon. . Washington, April 89. President tJrant and family, Secretary Borle, Admiral Porter and family, and Generals Babcock aud Dent, left tho Navy Yard at 10 o'clock to spend a day at Mount Vernon. Great disappointment was manifested by n large number of ofllce-seckers at the White House, who expected an interview, as to-day was set apart for their reception under the new order. ; , Army Conwolldatlon. It appears that in the consolidation of re giments to twenty-five, quite a number of them arc not full, hence the order to commence recruiting. Several hundred are weekly mus tered out owing to expiration of service. The Mary Powell Cao. Our Government has not received any reply from tho English Government respecting the lattcr's action in the case of the Mary Powell. The Spanish Minister here is of opinion that the matter will be satisfactorily arranged between the two Governments, and that the United States authorities will have no cause to complain. Despatch to the Associated Press. ' Naval Ileum. Captain Robert Wyman is detached from the command of the Ticonderoga, and placed on waiting orders. Tho following are also detached from tho Ticonderoga and placed on waiting orders: Lieutenant-Commanders Augustus P. Cooke, A. T. Small, George H. Wadleigu, and William II. Whiting; Ensigns W. S. McGunnigle, Henry C. Hunter, aud K. 11. C. Lut.c; Assistant Surgeon Wnhderlieh and Chief Engineer George T. kutz; Ensiams W. W. Gilpatrick, and II. W. McKee, detached from the Ticonderoga, are ordered to Washington for examination for promotion. Captain Jolm C. Estlger is detached from the Shenandoah and is waiting orders. Lieutenant Commanders Smith W. Nichols, T. A. McCarty, and Clinrlc S. Cotton; Surgeon A. C. Rhoades, Chief Engineer R. M. Berstle man. are detached from the Shenandoah, aud are waiting orders. Acting Assistant Paymaster C. M. Guild is de tached from the Shenandoah, aud is ordered to render his accounts for settlement, at the expira tion of which time ho is regarded as mustered out of service. Commander C. II. Baldwin Is relieved from duty as navigation ofllcer at Mare Island Navy Yard, and ordered to duty as orduance otneer at that station. Commander S. R. Franklin Is detached from ordnance duty at the Navy Yare at Mare Island, and ordered to command the Mohican. Lieutenant-Commander Hatfield is detached from the command of the Unadilla and placed on waiting orders. Flcet-Surgeen J. D.- Miller is detached from the North Atlantic Squadron, aud ordered to return home. ' Surgeon Charles Mar tin is detached from the Ticonderoga, and ordered to duty as Fleet-Surgeon of the North Atlantic Squadron. Lieutenant Isaac Ha.lett is detached from the Michigan on tho 1st of Juno, and ordered to the Lancaster on the 15th of June. Lieutenant-Commander W. II. Dana is ordered to Washington, D. C, for examination for promotion. Lieutenant George W. De Long is ordered to the Lancaster on tho 15th of June. Lieutenant 0. F. Heyeman is ordered to the Michigan on the 1st of June. . A PreHidentinl Excursion. To-dav President Grant and family, accompa nied by "Marshal Sharp and family, General Bab cock and family, Generals Badeam and Dent, Judge Dent, Secretary Boric, and a number of other invited guests, left tho Navy Yard here on the United States steamer Tallapoosa for a trip to Mount Vernon, where they intend to spend the day. Colored Jinn Appointed to Office. Baltimore, April 29. Edington Fulton, the new Surveyor of tho port, has appointed Wil liam n. Taylor, colored, a subordinate in his ofllce, being the first appointment of a colored man by a Federal officer in Maryland. A com mittee of colored citizens waited on Mr. Fulton to-day, and congratulated him on his action. Government Salew of Gold. Social Despatch to The Keening Telegraph. New Yobk, April 29. The first regular Gov ernment auction sale of gold took place hero to-day. Only one million in coin was disposed of. Trevor fc Colgate purchased $500,000 at 3402; Henry Clewes & Co., s250,000 at 34-03; aud also $250,000 at 34'01. Fiske & Hatch bid 34 for a million, and Blake Bros, bid 34 for half a million. Hfoek Quotation by Telegraph 1 p. M. Glendcnning, Davis & Co. report through their Mew York house the following: N. Y. Cent. R 1 74 .v Pacific Mall Steam... 93 N. Y. and Erie It. 81 West, Union Tel. . 4'i',' . 7it . 77 . 8V . 61 . 8ri .1W.'.' I'll, and Kea. K MV 'Toledo A Wabash.. Mich. 8. and N. LH..loi) Ue.andPltt.lt 9a v Chi. and N. W. com . . 8i , Chi. and N. W. pref.. 9s ChLandItI.lt 13BV Pitts. F.W. A Chi. R.Wtf MIL A ISt. Paul H.o. .Mil. A St. Paul it p. Adams Express.... Wells,FargoCo.. Gold Market irregular. FINANCE AND CORHIIEHCD Office or m Kvtniwo Tki.foraph.I TLurndny, April it, lotil. I Our local money market is now in a normal state of ease which leaves little room for com ment until some distnrbing element shall rulllo the present smooth current of monetary affairs. The floating capital ou the market, notwithstand ing tho large amounts recently in vested lu real estate, especially In the South, aud thus permanently with drawn from the loan market, is considerably in excess of all demands, and most of the banks and individual lenders have balances, towards closing hours, for which it is dlllicult to iind temporary employment even at a nominal 3 per cent. rate. Tills Is, of course, no gauge to the tone of tho market, though there are marked In dications of another decline in the rates of all elasses of loans, nnless some new revenue move ment, or tho Government sales of gold, or some other cause,' should disturb its present condition. Call loans are easy ut 5a0 per cent, on Gov crumcnts and at 6(&7 per ccut. on miscellaneous securities. The rates of discount both at the banks and on tho street are comparatively easy, us prime business paper is scarce and iu demand at v&'U ier cent. . ; Government bonds are very strong, but the market is dull. Gold Is firm at an advance on yesterday's closing price. Premium at W M. 134. There was less firmness in the Stock market and kee activity . State loans were neglected. City sixes were in good demand, with sales of the new certificates at 101; 98 wa bid for tho old. i The Lehigh gold loan was steady at 05. ' Reading Railroad was rather quiet, selling at 48'4Ya48X, but after tho board it sold as high as 48'44; Pennsylvania Railroad was steady at 6i? &60; Lehigh Valley Railroad sold at and Camden and Am boy Railroad at l&W- 51 V was bid for Minchlll Railroad; 85 for Cntawissa Railroad preferred; and 28 for Philadelphia and iurie nauroaa. Canal shares wero without Improvement. Sales of Lehigh Navigation at 82. was bid for Hcbuylkill Navigation preferred. , . uanK stocks wero inactive.' - . Passenrer Railway shares were firm but quiet. Sales of Second and Third at 44. 4d was offered for Chesnut and Walnnt; 20,'Jifor Spruce and Pine; 32 for Uermantowri; and 1:1 ior nestotmue. -7 ; , . ' ; PHILADELPHIA STOCK EXCHANGE 8 ALBS. ': Reported by De Haven A Bro., No. 40 S. Third Street, ' BEFORE BOARDS. ' ' I 300 City , New. .101 V' loo sh Reading TtR.-.4'Bl f hmm) do.... ..sfl.miv 100 do..s30wn. sy 100 .. dO.w...sB0. 4SV 100 ,do..10wn. 4SW 60 - o......trf.4s St 200 ' do 4S-81 100 d0....h5tr.4H-Bl fsoo Hh Oiican Oii.sso. v lOOshLeh Nav.s60. ii25 10sli2d A3d8ts... 4:t 18 do. 44 13000 do... j.. .Is. 101 f 1000 Read 6s. '44-0 SHV 119000 I'llll k K 7s. Is, S3 8 fill r aT A M Hk..l!2ft 100 sh Penna.uSOflat so . ' i shLen.Val....ls. 6rtJ 60 ' 'do M't 7 sh Cam A Am R.W' ,68- , do.......ls.l!W' BETWEEN BOARDS. IKOoLeh Con loan.. 83 100 sh Read R...S5. 4R' tmoo pa 6s, l scr. . . .103 x 11000 do 103X 100 nh Leh Nav.60. 100 do b60. 827k 140 i do. BOO. (12?, 100 do. S0. 82 V 100 ,. do S.10. 2 100 do D60. 82 10 sh LehValR.... 6?t 4 do......... 6'. 100 -100 .100 200 9O0 too 400 do 4S-44 do BtO. 4S'i . .dO....:b30.4H-4t .-do. 810. 4S' do, C.4H-44 ..do. 815. 4S' . .do 4HW- .iashLU.Mc4l R.b3. 43 . 4sliMexii. Bk..., 81 . !ta sh Union Pass., 43 100 sh Penaa.bSOOat 69V SECOND BOARD. '20O0 Leh gold L.sS. 4. 200 ah Leh 8tk.snAL 82'' $1400 Sch N6s, -82.. 67 14000 8-20S, Vii,rg.C.1l2 1300 do rg.112 000 Phila A E 7s. 63 V 100 sh Uenn'n P.sB. 83 100 sh Read JR.b30.4S 8-16 100 do....b5.48 3-16 100 do Zix 100 . do b30. 82 100 do.... 82,' 1HT sh Penna RR.ls. 69 15 do Is. 69s,' 100 sh O C A A R K. 86'f 100 sli Ocean OU.sS. -66 Messrs. Dn Hatkn A Brothbr. No. 40 8. Third street, Philadelphia, report the following quotations: U. . 68 Of 1881, 118M4H8X i do. 1802, 121X(12l"y ! do. 1864, 117S(n7s ; do. 1805, 118119', ; do. 1805, new, l lttril 16V; do. 1867, new, lltkllfiv; do. 1868, 11B(A116; da OS. 10-40S, 107A107'i ; U.S. 80 Year 6 per cent. Cy., 10BV(106; Due Comp. Int. Notes, 19. Oold, l8?i(lW),'; SUver, 127129. Narr A Ladkbr, Bankers, report tula morning's Gold quotations as follows: 10-00 A. M 133!' 11-00 A. M...... 133K 10-15 " 133i 11-15 " 194 10-30 " 133T,' 11-80 " ....134V 10-80 138 U-38 " 134 LEGAL INTELLIGENCE. NATURALIZATION. The Question in the Supreme Court Again Chief Justice Thomp- i ' ,' son OYerruIcs Judge - i - Read. ! : Nfsl PriusC'hlef Justice ThompHon. ! .. This morning the Chief Justice delivered the fol lowing opinion on the naturalization question: i In re Jumna Barron. Applination by petition und proof of Iom of a naturalization certificate irranted at Nmi I'niis on the 7th MoTember, 1SW, beior Molton C. Roger, J., for duplicate. , In re 4jottleib D. Jaiaer. A like application on account of loaa of cert ificate Krantod by Lewis, C. J., at Niai I'rius on Heptnniber 'JH, 10. In re Antone Nees. For lorn of certificate granted at NiHi Priua September 19, 1S6S, per Hhurawood, J. llie forej?otnjr applications were made at an adjourned seaeion of this Court on Saturday, the 24th inat., by the resective counsel of the several applicant, to wit : Hon. A. V. Parsons, James K. owen, Ksq., and George VV. Biddie, Emi.. and W. L. Hirst, at which time also there was brought to the notice of the Court certain orders or entries made on the minntes of session of this Court held on the second or third day of November last, lstj8, by Hon. John M. Read, and whicn it wan suggested stood in tbe way of granting the prayer of the several peti tioners. These entries appear as follows : "November 2. 1H6S Read, J. A nd now, November 3, ISriS, it is ordered that no aliens shall be naturalized in this Court." "November 3, 1868-Read, J. It is ordered by the Court that no endorsement of any kind, or any certificate what ever, shall be made by the Prothonotary or any other per son in his office, upon, or in relation to, the certificates of naturalization comprised in the opinion tiled yesterday, to wit : from the Uth of September to the 13th of Ootober, 1S6S." These minutes or orders being read, the counsel for the petitioners insisted that they were of no &1 legatory force, and were not legal judgment either at law or equity, hav ing been entered mr ntot. without process, parties, pleadings, or testimony; that while they affected the rights of many citizens it was by a proceeding extra-judi-ciul, and beyond the authority of the judge to make, and thereupon Mr. Parsons moved that they be set aside, an nulled, or stricken oil. I have taken time to consider these orders, and this mo tion, and may in the outset say, if they possessed the force and character of legal judgments, I ought not to grant the prayer of the petitioners for duplicate naturalization cer tificates in the places of those shown to nave been lost Or destroyed, as has been the practice to do, for that would be equivalent to the grant of an original certificate which it seems to have been the object of the order of the 2d of November to prevent, at least in this Court. So if I should not fuel bound by it, and order duplicates to issuo to the petitioners, the order of the 3d of November remaining, would place the Prothonotary and his clerks in jeopardy of a contempt of court if they placed tha seal of the Court to them. It is thus apparent that the practice of the Supreme Court at Nisi Prius in the naturalization of aliens, and the issuing of certificates pursuant to the acts of Congress for many years, will be radically changed if these orders stand. I am obliged, therefore, to consider and determine the question of their obligatory force as competent judicial judgments or decrees, and their conclusiveness on the uuestinns involved, and whether binding on me or any other judge. If 1 would do my duty, I can neither escape nor shrink from it. When these orders were made the Supreme Court in bnue was holding one of its regular terms pursuant, to law in a distant portion of this btate, namely, at Pittsburg, and gave no order nor assigned any of iu members to hold a Court of Nisi Prius during the term at Philadelphia. Nor was it known to the Court or to any of its members, in my belief, save the Judge himself, that a session of the Court was intended or expected to be held at that time in Philadelphia, or during the terra of the Conrt in bane ut Pittsburg, This is only material as showing that these prohibitory orders to this branch of the (Supreme Court were not the result of the authority of the Court in bane for any such purpose. The character of tbe orders as the exercise of judicial authority is more than questionable. In looking into tbe records they do not appear to have emanated as the result of judicial proceeding instituted at law or in equity No purtiuswere before the court of which the record tukes notice. There was no process, no pleadings, no witnesses, nor counsel in a judicial sense. They must, therefore be regarded as neither decrees in equity nor judgments at law; and if there be any proper designation for them, it is that of orders. But in this aspect it must stand confessed tiiat there should be some judicial or legal warrant or ooca. ion for orders, as well as judgment or decrees. If none such appear, the conclusion must follow inevitably that the action was extrajudicial and of no binding authority and the occasion not judicial. . . A" ilready said, there was no case involving the iurisdio t urn of the Supreme Court atNiiP,i08 that day before the Court, and had there been, the only proper judgment would have been dismissal of it in judicVal loni tir w?nt h. . l.n . .m..U r I .. "."' .": "T!Vea V H WOUld agamst the constitutional officer, the Prothonoti wi h out summoning or notify ng him. r,uoi, ,hiw ,r.7.J '.i ,i.?. were not to be determined In the EnSwltfl mere order, without iniiuirv or ril i i. i V by ' scribed for this is by wr,'t"7 vio'r, instance of the Attorney-Ueneral in the n..,. .h . moiiwealih. ln such n-.!i.. n,u"? ! the om- nisi, inn junsiiioilon of the llourt and ji i " & IAm possible lor such a result to t, .ii . wiu uppoae it If the're was'such'a'iCh,0?? ?!n" the" ordr, let u. see diolkm oJti aiVf h.7j 2bt n,fl.'t Mrciso the juris- S-Ti-'o.- Slh'"" or?v Vl to the propriety of making them. .The manner"i; "wb .X Xg2?lS used in. the courts was not l,.,i,.,.nu lf,.r tha before the court, and the lend judgThad no a i cou'0VnV,nJr7TthMl don.,byirtJudge.'0f the kV'lJ.S' """ocaae ul the kind, oe of aiu- kind, before the eourt, on the second and third days of No vember, in which there was jurisdiction to iuak the orders is question. Prooedenta, that is, the decisions of eoorU of justioe, not ouly r m nid W wiMkt U ltw isut aoy giraa m. against the CouVt: a. the order oFThe 2d jurisdiction, or in ' ihY"" m f p,io. tctea ih7uwb,irJ whether it be on a rmein of jnHdlntion or of mdfvMnal right; but when exactly in point with a oase bore (he Court are generally held to be bind n n h tr. as mP -s to keep the scales of justice even and steady, became the law inthatcase baa been solemnly uoj,uj ... mined. - Man. A RyL 336. Mr. Justice BIckton'S In ki, Commentaries. Vol. I. p. 70, says :--"A former decision m in feneral to be followed, nnleas manifest ly absurd or Q6 just." .ord Chancellor Talbot said: -"It was mucu oeur u tick to known general mine than to follow any one parti cular precedent founded on reasons unknown to us." Cases Temp. Talbot, p. iM. - 1 1 he earliest precedent of a naturalization of an alien at Nisi Prius in this city appears to have been on the petition of one Henry Loiper. The entry on the petition is: "riworn at Nisi Prius, Philadelphia, June lJ, 17W." This was before McKean, C. J. From tliis time on natnrmlira tions have been allowed and cettificates granted at Nisi Prius by Tilghman, C. J., and his emociates, and by (.lb son, U.J. . and bis associates, in numbers of Instances; but previously to IM1 no index of the names of per sons natnralized, it seems, was kept, and there is no mode of ascertaining how many- were -naturalized before that period but by counting the flies, many of which, no doubt, have been mislaid ' or destroyed. But naturalizations were almost uniformly in this Court, with rare exceptions, if at. all, in ttie Jourv in banc, hince IStfan index has been kept, and I observe that the first name on it is William Arbuckle, admitted to citizenship before Kennedy, J, holding Nisi Prius Oh Sep. tember 29, 1842. Barron, the petitioner in this esse,! is on that list as admitted on November 7. 1HW, by Rogers, J. holding Nisi Prnii. la 1H61. Jacob Millett, for sixteen years a clerk in the Supreme Court, appears to have been dmiite'd Ut citizenship by Kogers, J., at rtisi Prion. Since then and no to the date of the order of -tli 9d of November, PdM, I learn that the precise number of natu ralizations granted at Nisi Prina were 10.414. -Those pre oeding that date may safely, I presume, be estiinaied at balf that number at least, making in round numbers sax 24X00 persons. ... . Thus, for period of seventy years, or within a fraction ! Jt,,wS have the evidence of naturalization granted at Nisi Prius, without a question of the right, in the most exciting periods Kvery Chief Justioe, from the lime of and including Ohlef Justice McKean -to the present day, lilghman, Gibson, Iwis, BUok, Lowrie, Wood ward, and the writer, and almost every member of the ' conrt, not. excepting the learned Judge, Mr. Justice Read, who caused the orders in question to be made, bave each and all asserted and exercised jurisdiction at Nisi Prius in naturalizationaas. If these thousands of precedents, running through a period of seventy rears, do not sunicient.lv test mH curacy ot the exercise of tbe jurisdiction in this court under the acts of Congress, seventy times seventy years of "" i.in noiiui uiti no more eoncinsiv enect on those whose wishes, not judgments, may seek to arrive at a different conclusion. , . .-, ,. , Hnt this jurisdiction is not dependent on precedent merely for support. The aot of Congress confirming tbe jurisdiction in the naturalization of aliens in the State courts, reads as follows:-" Kvery court of record in sny individual State, having eommon law jurisdiction, and a seal and clerk or prothonotary, shall be considered a district court within tbe meaning of this act; and every alien who may have been naturalized in any such eourt shall enjoy, from and after the passing of this act, the Mine rights and privileges as if he had been naturalized in a District or Circuit Court of the United Stales." Aot of 14thof April, 18C3. . - That the Court of Nisi Prins is court of common liw, no one will controvert. The seventh section of the act of !6th Jury, 1842, after extending the jurisdiction conferred certain enumerated act upon other court, to the Court . of Nisi Prius, adds, "and all the powers, jurisdictions, and duties of the several courts therein prescribed and set forth, are hereby vested in the said Nisi Prius Judges in all such original actions brought, or to be brought, in the said Supreme Court in the said city and oounty, and to all such cases of trustees and trust estates." ln tbe eighth) section of the act it is further provided, that "Toe said Judge holding Courts of Nisi Prius shall have full power and authority to enter judgments in all cases brought, or to be brought in said Supreme Court in original process, and to make all orders and decrees in such cases as fully as any court of record could or might make." ... Here is common law jurisdiction of the most plenary na ture conferred by the Legislature . on the Court of Nisi Prius. The constitutional right of the Legislator from time to time to establish "other court than those enume rated in the Constitution" is express. Article 6, section I ot the Constitution. Under this authority, this oourft, with its general jurisdiction, was established. . . - M ilhons worth of property bave passed under the adjudi cations of this Court, and every species of rights, of person and property, have, been definitively settled by it judg ments, and are constantly being settled. To doubt it common law jurisdiction would be to unsettle innumerable titles and estates in this city, as well as elsewhere. Trans cripts of its judgments bave been certified into almost every county in this Commonwealth, and into most ef the States of the Union, under the seal of the Supreme Court, which is it seal . . attested by tbe Prothonotary of the Supreme - Court, who is its Prothonotary and certifying officer, without a ques tion made of the conclusiveness of or the alteration of such records. It is Court of well defined and general and original jurisdiction, to be presided in by the judges of the Supreme Court singly or otherwise, as they may direct. It is constituted of those judges and nf their officer. It is, therefore, properly the Supreme Court at Nisi Prius in contradistinction to the- Su preme Court in banc, but with different iunotionsand duties to perform. It ha original jurisdic tion at common law for the trial of issue of fact, and law with power to enter all such judgment, decrees, and orders as are proper in any Court of genera) jurisdiction. In this aspect it was said by Rogers, J., in Dawson vs. Ryan, 4 W. A L., 403, "it is a distinct and independent Court, and not the less so because it is held by one of the judges of the Supreme Court," and in Catherwood vs. Kenn, S Barr, S4I, the same thing in ec mrta was said by the Supreme Court, and to the same effect is Frowenfeldt vs. The Commonwealth, 3 Grant, 99. Opinion by Read, J. The foregoing brief reference to the provisions and prin ciples of the law in regard to the Court of Nisi Prius must suffice. It is not susceptible of a doubt that it is a court of common law jurisdiction, with a seal and a clerk or prothonotary, and therefore, by the. express provisions of . the Congressional statute cited, has authority to naturalize aliens. No judge has ever doubted it, and whenever the question has arisen, it has been promptly decided in the afiiimative. In addition to opinion expressed by two of tbe judge of thU Court aX Nisi Prius last summer, in this city, in affirmance of the jurisdiction, we have the opinion of Judge Butler, of the Chester and Delaware Common Pleas District, and of Judge Chapman, of the Bucks and Montgomery District, to the same effect. They followed the line of precedents during the period of time we have referred to, embracing an unbroken practice of seven-tenths of the whole ef the duration of the American Union, and for the entire period almost under the last and present Constitution of the ex istence of the courts since Its erection. ' All this being true in fact and law, what Is my duty in these cases r Even if these orders bid been judgment in regular judicial proceedings, I would be bound, for the reasons given, to disregard them. I would not be justified in relying on a single precedent against thousand to tho contrary, or one judge's opinion against the uniform prac tice of all his predecessors and his own in the exercise of the Court of Nisi Prius, in naturalizing aliens. The con sequence of approving such a precedent at this late day would be to cast doubt upon the right of oitiaenship of thousands of persons naturalized in this court, affecting thera personally, their children, and right of property, nd be a pretext for the disfranchisement of them by elec tion officers and others, whenever party success might be supposed to need it. But these orders stand not In the attitude to command the respect and obedience due to judicial actions. . They are extra-judicial, resting neither on proceedings by par ties, nor sustained by processor pleadings. In this shape they stand as obstructions in the way of the exercise of a set tled jurisdiction, settled by express law a well a pre cedent. Is it right that they should so remain Tbe juris diction of courts is conferred for the benefit of the people, and the judges apmiinted to exercise it have no more right to abdicate or obstruct it than to do any other wrongful act in the name of its exercise. When , they do, and refuse to correct the error, the remedy is with the constitutional tribunal, the Legislature, to whom' they niuBt in such oases be amenable. There are impelling con siderations to the action, which I consider a proper dir charge of duty requires me to adopt, namely, to remove these obstructions to the accustomed action of the eourt out of the way of it. I do it now at a time in contrast with the date of their entry. Just now the country is at rest, from the excitement incident to political strife. There is no excitement; no heat. This should always be the atmo sphere of the court, and It is with great satisfaction that I remark that it has been so heretofore in Pennsylvania, with very rare exceptions. The length of this opinion precludes other considera tions which would serve to show the propriety of the con clusions I have arrived at, especially in relation to that part of the order forbidding tbe Prothonotary from attach ing the seal of the court to exemplifications of iu records of naturalizations. To sanction such an order in any case would have been a step towards sanctioning it in other cases, and thus parties might be deprived of the benefits and rights of and under the law. as adjudicated in the courts. It would be an effec tual mode of closing the courts against individuals, or classes, if the spirit of evil should ever become bold enough to desire it. The seal is the authentic messenger of the court, and if silenced only when spe cially ordered to speak, then would there be danger to the people from covert device and secret judg ments of courts. Kvery man who desires it, and i willing to pay the expense, sliould be and is entitled to an exem plification or certificate of the proceedings in court under the seal of the court, attested by the proper custodian of it, and in all proper cases it is conclusive as to what it attests, and upon all officials to whom it may properly come. r In conclusion, it is satisfactory to feel that I will, by whut I shall do iu this matter, iu no manner interfere to embarrass, detruct from, or sad to the well-established jurisdiction of the important Court in question ; I will only restore, or rather relieve it from obstruction thrown in, a I believe, without the sanction of the law. And now, April 2M, Iff, the motion made and referred to in the outset of this opiuion is granted, viz. : That the orders set forth as above of the 2d of Nuvember, and uf the Bd of November, lHtjX, lie and t hey are hereby set aside, an nulled, aud stricken off ; and the prayers of the several pe titioners above named are granted, and duplicate certifi cates of naturalization uudor the seal of the Court,attettfd by the Prothonotary, are ordered to be issued to each of them; tlie proof of naturalization aud loss) of oertiiicats being adjudged sufficient iu each case. , Dlnrriet Court, No. J Judge Hare. Mirer vs. The Pennsylvania Railroad Company. Before reported. Verdlet for defendant. Thomas C. . Jiilkos vs. Kphraim Tomllnsoa An aetion to reeiver wanes as a miller. The defease alleged payment. Ou trial. lllMlrlct Court, No. 4-Judge Htrwadl . Paueoant vs. Henry. An aetion on a promissory note. Verdlet for plaiutlir, o6hodo. - -i Joseph M. P. l'rlee vs. Potter ,1 Jones. An Action on a promissory note. The deeuso deuied the sart uorsbln. On trial. C ourt of Common I'lene-Judse Pelree. New vs. Broekman A Loiuierback. An avmorj to reeover for vinegar aom aud delivered. Tbe defease alleged that the vinegar was not a merchaii WWe arti cle. Verdiil for defendants. Barns Hmueker vs. J. H. Phillip. An action to recover for goods sold aud delivered. The defen- ' dant denied that be uuxekased ea bit own accviuiW Va trial. JWUO."