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The evening telegraph. [volume] (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1864-1918, April 30, 1869, FIFTH EDITION, Image 1

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VOL. IX. NO. 104.
THE CwJtvV2Vl .FIJltA'
Their Presentment The Rotten
ness of Our Aldernianic System
Why the County Prison,
h Crowded, and but
few Criminals in It.
He Gives the Aldermen Another
Overhauling The Rights
of the People Defined.
Tins morning the Grand Jury limili
the following
Important presentment:
To the Honorable the Judges of the Court of Oyer
and Terminer and the Ouarl-er Sessions of and for
the City anil County or Philadelphia : The Grand
Inquest of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, ln
lulring for the city and county of 1'liiludelphia lor
April sessions, 18fit, Impressed by the weight of duty
nid upon them, yet animated by the chaise of the
'ourt, respectfully report having; acted upon Bin
bills, of which 149 were found true and 210 were
The Grand Jury visited the County Prison, where
they received a courteous reception mid every de
Hired and needed attention from the oftlcers.
The crowded condition of the prison remains un
abated. The hardened in crime, the Inexperienced,
and those unstained by mil It, re associated In the
name cell. Inevitable as such a state of things may
be, the worst results must follow, and some remedy
for so Brave an evil Is most urgently called for. The
law prescribes one cell for each prisoner. But the
prison Is overcrowded, and the law on a grand scale
is violated. Where rests the responsibility? Is the
keeper justified in receiving prisoners and com
pelling the innocent to associate with the guilly in a
prison cell, all requirements of the law to the con
trary notwithstanding? Or does the whole responsi
bility rest with the magistracy at whose omccs the
endress warrant to commit Is instituted ?
The gradation of offenses found by the Grand Jury
to prevail In the bills of indictment 'acted on meets a
lull parallel within the walls nf the prison. Prisoners,
weighed down by the guilt of heinous crimes, arc cer
tainly to lie found in the prison, but the vast prepon
derance lies among offenders accused of trivial vio
lations of the law, such aa the theft of n lew loaves of
bread, a lot of old Iron, assaults ami battery, street
fights and brawls. In the great majority of cases, the
malice and envy of the private accuser, a harvest
rich in emoluments for honorable alderman, and
heavy bills of expense for the community of patient
tax-payers, and more easily discernable than the
paramount claims of justice or the public interest.
In view of the great disparity betwixt commit
ments to prison and verdicts by the petit Juries, the
Court in its charge makes this appalling remark :
"You may therefore conclude that only one person
out of ten whose cases will be brought before you is
really guilty.''
Committed on a charge of some trivial otl'ense,
doomed to prison and the companionship of crimi
nals, helpless as to ball, yet not really guilty, under
the solemn form of law they hiive, i a fart, suffered
taise imprisonment. '
The whole prison statistics upon this subject ren
tier It apparent that our aldermaule system has been
turned Into a laboratory lor the creation of offenses,
and well-trained witnesses are ever ready to aid the
most nefarious enterprise. There lire sonic excep
tions among our aldermen; but too many avail them
selves of every opportunity to increase their fees at
private or public expense, and thus prostitute their
responsible office into an instrument of oppression and
wrong for the purpose of ministering to their avarice.
The system evidently demands a radical change,
and in place of an election ut the v iird, where the
votes of criminals are ol ten more potent than the
franchises of law-abiding citizens, an appointing
power is needed at quarters removed from till ward
influences, and In placejof fees from commitments
to prison, a lixed salary should lie substituted.
The Grand Jury searched In vain to discover
w ithin the prison walls any fair proportion of the
high grades ot crime the bold burzlar, the disci
plined thief, and the accomplished pickpocket, whose
achievements are hourly lining our conimunites with
wonder and dismay. Criminals by profession, whose
proper place Is the penitentiary, are nowhere within
our prison walls, battling and eluding, or in league
with, our keen-eyed detective forces, at times com
pounding their felonies for "valuable considerations,"
or, if ever arrested, soon released on ball, these
professional criminals roum at large, preying and
luxuriating on our rank civilization in their gambling
hells, driving their fast horses, enlarging the harems
or patronizing the brothels, which, like themselves,
prosper in unblushing, bold, and exultant impunity.
While the Grand Jury promptly find true bills against
all professional violators of law brought within their
province, they cau but add their loudest accents to
the calls of public justice, in invtug upon onr detec
tive agents the iinpartatiou of a new and higher
degree of vigor to their system, or the propriety of
resigning their commissions.
The recent suicide committed within the walls of
the prison, bv which a daring insult was tillered to
' the majwstv of the law, demands particular notice,
with reference to any censurable lack ol vigilance on
the part of the prison officials utter having been lore
warned bv the public press and other ominous luti
mutions that the morning of execution would witness
a vaeaiit place at the gallows, as well as with refer
ence to most flagrant interference by outside par
ties, through which the condemned and blood
stained man may have been aided in his elusion of
the UtMt tieiuillu. outraged justice mete to felons at
the head of the criminal calendar, the Grand Jury
refrain from the expression of opinion. The subject
has lieen In the hands of a special investigation,
whose duty it was to elucidate the whole matter. They
v. uii.1. imwever. direct attention to the prevention
of a repetition of such insidious interceptions of
merited retrlbutlou, for it is just here where, alter
the wisdom of the court, the ability and labors of the
i.,.....,.i niufriet Attorney, and the unexcelled pa
tience of an enlightened Jury, have reached a right
eous judgment on a most atrocious crime, that the
.-nds of lustlce may be frustrated, and the dignity of
.ii..u.rv umiln covertlv assailed. Our prison
.iiu,.i..ii. ut tii "condemned cell" needs a radical
..hunU on trial, the indicted man is fenced around
as by "gates of brass." In his cell, awaiting execu
tion, the ancient symbol, the "iron fetter," no longer
clanks Its knell. The chamber of preparation for
death is now transformed, under our modern prison
".".!....,. intn u room where friend meets
friends and where assemble experts to fabricate
;.. u,.tinlia uml confessions, and conspire to-
...,h, t r., r the laws of non-eiVi! t. The Grand
Jury recommend the adoption ol some method c
ciliated to remedy the evil brought under notice.
The Grand Jury would respectfully endorse t
iiresentments of former inquests culling lor t
1 i .in,itt ni aahiu mat It Del iul.
establishment of
house of correction for the rc-
eptlon and reform of criminals of u minor grade.
The Grand Jury would call the special attention of
the Court, to a new scnooi ui inn-iou-in,
the bootblack bovs. Unrestrained by parental
...,....ii..Miiii. in the. verv embryo suite they already
make their depredations felt In hold end almost open
robberies, and, unless speedily checked f.y vigorous
.... ..,i.,u .mi. st soon doveon Into uii element
dangerous alike to themselves and the community,
out of. which will Dually grow tlie worst type of
'iwtjlimd Jury visited the Almdimise, having
been shown through by Mr. Marshall lleusssey.
'...! ,i..iit The good order, neatness, ami
....'...n....a ..hserved in every nait of the establish
ment made a very favorable impression upon the
,7n.i .Turv were received at the Eastern
Penitentiary by Mr. John ts. 1 la lloway, the Warden,
...V . ir'..n .....wi.wtcd through the institution, which
.....I ?.., In thorough order: the olllcers seem well
iTiialliled for their duties. The svste
carried out at the prison very lavo
... ... ..i....i..u..
oral.lv impressed
oraniy lmprtsseu
I lie visitors.
rite visit to the House of Kefuge was of great
ir2i ?u the Grand Jury: the cheerfulness of the
mates their great activity and bkillulness in the
larlons ei "liloy incuts they were engaged in and
Jheii 'mental and moral training, made a very favor
. Vi imnresiloiu Under the present excellent man
able in iPWHWO't J. , ,M.11(,f , t ie
bc 'u Tdesired In founding this Institution ure in a
TheGrandTnq'tlestn common with the Honorable
I?, profoundly sensible of the Importance
' 0 "JhJTnf a great and healthful change In publio
MUdneed of a greai su ln(l JliriHprUirIlce .
the firm and Immovable attitndo of the Kxecntivo In
withholding pardons, as good omens that the re
turning tidal wave Is approaching, with It Judicial
terrors to every violator of the laws, ami Its protec
tion ami encouragement to all who love and value
our Institutions. Koiikht J. Mrkckk, Foreman.
Judge Hrewter'd Hesponsr.
When the reading of the presentment was con
cluded Judge Brewster addressed the Grand Jury as
Gentlemen of the Grand Jury You deserve the
thanks of the community and of the Court for the
fidelity with which yon liave discharged your duties.
Your promptness In hearing and returnlug the bills
submitted to you has enabled us to give every ease
an opportunity of trial, and has saved the city a
large amount of money.
The whole of your presentment deserves the care
ful attention of the community.
I especially commend to the consideration of onr
Citizens that portion of your remarks which refers to
our County Prison.
It is time that the crying evil of a want of accom
modation for prisoners, and the greater want of a
I louse of Correction for vagrants, should be promptly
You have referred to the commitments Issued by
our magistrate in trilling cases. They may lie di
vided into two classes.
1. Those which describe the charge against the
defendant as a vtmtemeannr. I am advised that
this form Is adopted In many cases of vagrancy in
order to prevent the Inspectors from discharging the
defendant. I trust that this may be a misapprehen
sion, for many of our aldermen am doubtless very
upright officials, well entitled to the respect of the
community, and I hope that whatever may have
occurred ill this behalf is purely the result of acci
dent It Is, however, most unfortunate that the law
should be violated even In the case of the most de
praved mcmliers of society.
I feel bound therefore to say that a commitment
for a misdemeanor, without further description of
the otl'ense. Is a mere nullity.
The Constitution of the I'nlted States secures to
every defendant the right "to be Informed of the
nature and cause of the accusation,-' and the Consti
tution of the State expressly recognizes the same
"A warrant or mittimus against a man to answer
to such things as shall be objected against him, is
vttterly mini lint law." 8 Just., f91.
"It ought to contain the certainty of the cause,
and, therefore, If It be for felony, It ought not to be
generally for felony, but It must contain the special
nature of the felony, briefly, as for felony for the
death of such an one, or for burglary, In breaking the
house of such an one; and the reason Is because it
may appear to the judge upon an habeas corpus
whether It be felony or not" 8, II. II., 122.
And all the forms are in accordance with this
principle. See Kinns' Justice, 8!t, 107, 139, 2t!3, lM'2-8,
MS, 1537. This wholesome doctrine of the law was
enforced In the case of Williams vs. Jones, to the
extent of holding the magistrate, who had Issued an
indescrlptivc warrant, liable in trespass for false Im
prisonment That case was tried In the District
Court for this city and county, and in a
learned opinion by President Judge Hare the
authorities arc reviewed and the law clearly stated.
then. Int. April 10, Isoh.) It maybe proper to add
that the warrants In that case were nearer to the re
quirements of the law than those recently exhibited
tome. They charged the defendant with "abusing
the complainant and inciting to a breach
of the peace," which, although no otl'ense,
was at all events descriptive of some act,
whereas a commitment for mmlemtanor might mean
something recognized by the law as Indictable, or
might by the caprice of tin alderman refer to the ex
ercise of a constitutional right by the defendant
which the magistrate regarded as a violation of pro
priety, as where a defendant was committed
for appealing from an adverse Judgment
It is unnecessary, however, to elaborate
this subject. Hutllclent for our puriioses
that the law Is so written. No tme lover of her
principles or of the lilierty she guarantees would de
sire to see It otherwise; and I feel hound, therefore,
to say that in my opinion, all such warrants are void,
and all persons concerned In issuing or executing
them are liable as trespassers.
second. There is another class of commitments
before me which is, If possible, still more objection
able. They require the officer to convey the defend
ant to prison, because he is charged n oath "with
Having neen uraiiK ana uisorueny, ano, according
to the warrant, the defendant is to be kept by the
jailor until "the next Court of Quarter Sessions, or
till ne shall tnence ic aeitvcreu oy nue course
til law."
To this class mnv lie referred the commitments
reciting that the defendant Is charged "with drun
kenness and vagrancy," and requiring the iailor to
keep the defendant 'tntrtv ttays, or uuiu ne snau
thence be delivered by due course of law." Anil still
others in whlcn tne ileieniiant is cuargea wun
'drunkenness" alone, and the keeper or the prison is
required to detain the defendant for twenty-four
hours, i ne illegality oi mese commitments win oe
made very dear by a brief reference to the statutes
which It may have been supposed authorized these
i ne OKI aci Ol 1 (in (nr. nig. ir.ru, szj uin.iion7.rii anj
lustlce to commit Idle and disorderly persons, "being
thereof legally convicted," to the common jail of the
county, to he kept at hard labor for any time not ex
ceeding one mouth.
Hie act or March 'Cl, lisiiii (nr. nig. iuimi, so;, tiirecis
that "all persons who may be committed be-
i ire the Mavor, Hecorder, or any alderman of the
city of Philadelphia as a vagrant or disorderly
person, snail tie sentenced 10 suuer eoniinemeui at
suitable employment in the vagrant apartment o
the city and county of Philadelphia for the term of
one month."
section of the snme law directed that a vagrant
apartment should be built dir. Dig., NW, sec. 31), and
the later statute of Ism (Br. Dig. liio) commanded
tlie erection ol a house of correction to which all
persons "thereafter convicted as vagrant or disor
derly" should "be sentenced." The whole
some requirements of these laws have been disre
garded; and it may perhaps be doubted whether the
act of ISM is not a repeal of the nets of 1767 and
13(1, as to the nltwe of confinement, and if so,
whether the jail can be longer used for this class of
oilonders. lint however this limy be, it must lie
very clear that no person can be committed under
these statutes on mere chargr, although the
charge may have been made on oath. In
addition to being accused, he must be
rmictWci." We all understand what this word
imports. No man can bv oonvicted without trial. A
hearing, or opportunity of being heard, is absolutely
essential the defendant must be confronted with
his accuser and have the right of meeting the accu
sation. After ail this the responsibility rests upon
the magistrate of entering a Judgment, and If he con
vict tne deiemiant, then, and tneu only, can tne com
mitment issue. A commitment upon mere charge,
without trial, hearing, and conviction, is a naliiahln
violation of our rudest sense of natural justice. To
pass this by Is-cause the sufferers are friendless out
casts wnuiu ne a wot upon our record wiucu uo mere
profession of benevolent' v could ever remove. The
same remarks apply to tne commitments cuargiug
l'he net of 1794 (Br. Dig.,Pl0, sec. 8) authorized the
imposition of a line upon any person "convicted" of
Intoxicating himself. The act of IsiMI (Br. Dig., 667,
sec. 8!) increased the line to fH if the person was
found intoxicated in any street; ' but this was to be
"upon view or upon proof.'' and it was to be "levied
upon the goods and chattels of the defendant"
The act of 1k:is (Br. Dig., cow, sec. 43) reduced the
penalty to t2. The act llrst cited provides for a
commitment, in default of payment of the line, "not
exceeding 24 nours."
A general commitment therefore, tor intoxication.
without specifying the duration of Imprisonment, or
iixing it at "jhi nays,' or until tno next court, 7 is
absolutely void.
So, too, all commitments for the same cause upon
mere charge, without hearing, trial, uml conviction,
are absolutely void.
I am Informed that discharge are sometimes sent
to the Jail alter supposed convictions for vagrancy.
This is also Itnprojicr. Altera regnlarcouvictiou the
magistrate has no control over the case.
To such un extent has the law been overlooked In
these matters that I actually find one commitment,
which not only recites no trial or conviction, but is
unsigned by the alderman who Issued It
The community are Indebted to Mr. William J.
Mullen, the ellleleiit agent of the prison, for calling
the iittentlon of the Court to these details. I have
requested hltn to luruish mo with the numbers of
these cases during the past year.
It will hardly be credited that the commitments
Issued for intoxication, vagrancy, and disorder, dur
ing the year iMih amounted to ll,2A0. If each de
fendant were confined but a single day. the expense
to the city treasury for this unnecessary and illegal
I ft,.ni u-llil VIT R.IOUU. 11 IIUIM ihwiiiii.tui. w uic ill u-
I longed the expense was of course increased,
hk muu),.1ml authorities to
whether a w
shou d be co nnu I
whether a wasteful expenditure of this magnitude
ii... ..ii consideration of mere dollars, there
Is a principle involved in this matter which comes
home to every true lover of law and tho lilier y of
which law professes to Is) the guardian. That
element of our humanity speaks out Its clear tones
of condemnation of these wrongs, and this, although
the parties Inflicting them muy lie high In authority
and the sutterers ue ine ouiciuua i
.iv..ii..r itu .itKiuto It. nnlv remains for me to an.
nounce, as my delilierat conviction, that all the
commitments referred to are on their face clearly
Illegal and absoluscly void. They should be rejected
by the Inspectors, and nil parties concerned In treir
Issue or execution are liable as trespasser.
Court ofOycr and Terminer JnUt'n Hrrwter
and Ludlow.
"'The case of Joseph H. Bowers, charged wltn man
fdaughter, was begun this morning. The defendant,
represented by William B. Mann, Usq., iMChaiged. as
a druggist with Improperly putting Into a preserii
tlon atropia, which was not ordered, H ereby causing
the death of the lady, Mrs. Sophia Hciit, to whom
the comoiind was administered. It will tie
recollected that the prescription called for assato'tlda,
among other things, which was designated upon the
paper by an abbreviation ; this the defendant, who
put up the prescription, misunderstood to mean
atropia, which was accordingly put. In. The evidence
given to-day was of a purely medical character,
which has appeared before the public several times.
The Commonwealth seeks to hold the defendant
criminally responsible for the apparent negligence,
by trying him (ipon the charge of manslaughter. i n
Wlinl him been Done by the f nNiirccnt-1lie
(evolution Proceeding Hteadily-IIow tbe
CubnnH nre Aided by the I'nlted StntCH.
Copies of official documents liuve been re
ceived direct from tlie Cuban Provisional Gov
ernment. Statements are nnulc therein showing;
the- general condition of the revolution, ' nud
from them the following authentic facts are
The Republican Government of Cuba 1ms
within six months extended its sway over yo.000
square miles of the HT),(XKJ comprised within the
boundaries of the Island. Its armies hold and
occupy almost wholly the districts of Cuba,
Gaiintanamo, Holtfuin, Manillo. Jitjuarey,
Bayatno, Las Tunas, Puerto Principe, Nuevitas.
Santa Clara, Moron, Kenietlios, Trinidad, Santo
Spirittt, Sagua, and Cienfuegos y Colon, the
Spanish troops remaining therein helm; con
fined to a few towns and villages without means
of attacking, closely besieged, unable to
move out without danger of 'serious disaster,
even for the purpose of foragiug, and
trusting only to timely and fresh arrivals of
troops from Spain to escape entire destruction.
General Valinascda, commaanding Spanish
forces, remains at
aggressive efforts.
Jigesani, making uo serious
1 his Is also the case with
the troops at Cuba, Munzanillo, and Guantst
namo. The Spanish troops in Santo Spiritu,
Trinidad, Cienfitegos, Santa Clara, Hemedios,
and Siigna, do not dare to abandon the shelter
of the towns they garrison. They have made
no active movement since the earlv part of
February, as the patriot forces under I'uello and
others, numbering over 12,0(X) effective men,
have kept them fully occupied In holding on to
the few stratagetie points now occupied by them.
The Puerto Principe jurisdiction" and that of the
Cinco Villas are the scats of the most active
efforts. No more severe military blow has been
dealt at the Spaniards than tho engagement be
tween Count Lcsca and n patriot force in an im
portant pass of the Sierra del Cobre. The gene
ral facts in relation to this buttle have already
been received from Havana, and even tlie Sjia
niards were compelled to give some truth in the
report they allowed to pass. Count Lcsca moved
with 25(K) well-equipped troops, a heavy train of
supplies, two field batteries.'and a military chest
containing half a million dollars in notes of the
Royal Bank at Havana. His purpose was to
relieve Puerto Principe. Quesada, with 5000
well-armed patriots, was intrenched on the road
over which Lesca was expected to pass. Tlie
only other available road was through a difficult
mountain pass, to guard which tho patriot
General had placed a force of 800 men. The
Spanish commander diverged from the highway,
and determined to force this pass. He succeeded
in so doing on the third assault, but arrived in
Puerto Principe with but SXX) men, no train, no
artillery, and tho loss of the half million
dollars referred to. The patriot loss was
proportionately heavy, but they obtained
several guns in good condition, and a
large number of rilles, left on tho field by
the Spaniards. Of course Lesctv's troops were
of no benefit, but otherwise, to tho beleaguered
garrison ho was to relieve. Since then we hear
of movements toward Santa Anna for the ob
taining of supplies, some particulars of which
have reached here by way of Nassau. The
Spaniards were greatly harassed and lost large
ly on their return in both men and material,
though succeeding in reaching the city with a
large portion of their comminsarial train.
The progress of the Cuban revolution can be
more, plainly shown by the following statistics:
The districts in open revolution at tho begin
ning of February contained, by the census of
IStil, a population of 2i4,fW0 persons, divided as
follows: 12,3t8 whites, 8(5,274 free persons of
color, and 51,778 slaves. The districts which
have revolted since tho 1st of February last (in
cluding those of tlie Cinco Villas and Colon
the latter being but a few hours' ride from
Havana), contained at the same date a popula
tion of 172,5()7 whites, 42,444 free persons of
color, and (10,207 slaves. This makes a total of
548,7!58, which must have increased since 18(11 to
at least 000,000 persons. In urea this territory
covers two-thirds of the island. Within tho
same there are 147 cities, towns, and villages, of
which not quite one-hidf remain iu the hands of
the Spaniards.
There can then be little doubt, the representa
tives of Cuba iilllrm, that they are entitled to
something more than the moral sympathy and
support of the Lnitca States, i heir cause com
mauds the first. The history of Spanish misrule
is so patent that it need not bo cited to justify
tno action alike or tne cumins ana tne undis
guised sympathies of the people of this republic.
1 he facts relating to the revolution ure now so
well known as to justify the appeal made on
the pnrt of the patriot government for belliger
ent rights. ine revolution nas proceeded
steadily from one step to another until its full
success is only a question of time, the length of
which may bo materially shortened by tho bel
ligerent recognition wiiich tho United States of
all nations is, by virtue of her own principles
and history, and tho geographical situation ol
l uba itself, bound to accord.
Cuba, independent, will at once enter into the
most harmonious and complete commercial
lations with this republic. Whether an indepen
dent State, or as a member of this Union (to be
determined upon by the freely expressed will of
both countries after Cuba becomes fully inde
pendent), tho island has w ithin Itself by virtue
of both natural resources and commanding
position tho elements of great prosperity
and political importance. Under the present
regimo, and despite all drawbacks, tho cone
lnerco of Cuba ten years ago amounted to
57,400,0()0 of exports, and 4:1400.000 of im
ports an aggregate of 100, 800, (XX). Tho
total trade at present is valued at more than
1 70,000,000, of which (exports only tho United
States does il.") per cent.; England, 27 per cent.;
and Spain, only 19 per cent. Yet the mother
country drains over ;IO,OIK),IX0 annually from
the 'Ever-Faithful Isle," of which more than
tine-sixth is taken to Spain, and the balance
spent in maintaining a Spanish administration
ami enriching the officials. In 18(12 tho reported
valno of tho rural wealth (real estate, etc.") was
881.OlH),0OO; that of tho towns was fcl 70,000,000.
In the same year (18t2) the production were
vaiueu at : Migar, ?ii2, 000,000; tobacco,
trir,000,(l(0: other products, .)2,000,000,
total of 12!).000.000.
Tho Colonial policy has always been an inimi
cal one to the United States; that of independent
Cuba will bo friendly in the largest degree. One
fact will serve to illustrate tbe oolicv of Spain.
Tho Valley of tho Mississippi is the natural bread
supplier of Cuba. The duty on Hour imported
iroiii tno united States is eight times more than
that imported from Snaln. (in account of an
earthquake, not long since, flour was allowed
into Porto Rico free of duty. The Cubans have
since purchased American Hour imported into
Porto Rico at much less than that brought from
I There Is a house In Neponwit, MiWsacLu
Mtts, which wm built about 1WV.
Hetnrn of the Cabinet Officers-Oar
t New Foreign Diplomats
Motley and the Ala
bama Claims.
SjMial Tpatch to The Ectniiuj Tfbyraph.
Motley' MiMMion.
New York, April 30 The (.'oirtiicrWar
Washington special says:
The President has summoned back the ab
sent Cabinet members to attend a meeting
to-day, and to decide whether Motley should lc
sent to London at once, or, as Fish is under
stood to desire, he shall wait until news of how
the rejection of the treaty was received reaches
Minister Hale's Kcslunnlion
s positively accepted, and Sickles will be stilt
o Spain.
San ford's friends urge his retention at Brus
sels, out the President is inclined to substitute
Hecretary Routwcll
returned to the city this morning, and was at
the Department, attending to business.
The Iebt.
The public debt statement will be issued to
morrow, and will show a larger decrease in the
debt than was at first supposed.
Secretary Flhh
also returned to-day. He will immediately
revise the list of consuls, and make out tho
remainder of appointments for places not yet
Minister Motley
ias had an interview with the President and
Senator Sumner respecting tho Alabama claims,
and it is understood that our Government has
concluded that it is better for him to go at once
to his post before anything is heard from the
British Government respecting the rejection of
the Alabama treaty. It is understood that the
subject of his instructions will be considered in
the Cabinet to-day.
Pi'tiecedliiKs nf the Nntlonnl Simdiiv-Scliool
l tin vent inn in ixcwurk.
ftpnial Dopatch to The Keening 'A-kyraph.
Nf.wakk, N. J., April 30 The gathering last
evening at the Convention was immense. Seve
ral prominent Sunday-school men made ad
dresses. The main meeting was addressed by
Rev. John Hall, 1). D., of Now York, on "Tho
Work in Europe." He was followed by Hon.
Theodore Frelinghtiysen, the veteran worker in
the Sabbath schools of New Jersey.
This morning the attendance at the Conven
tion was greater than ever. W. A. Wisong, of
Baltimore, presided. Reports were miido from
each locality where meetings were held yes
Rev. G. A. Pelt., of Philadelphia, reported on
"Pastoral Work;" Benjamin F. Jacobs, of Chi
cago, on "Superintendents; Rev. J. It. V lucent
on "Juvenile Classes;" Rev. Charles E. Knox on
"Infant Schools." An Interesting discussion on
"Teachers' Training," in five-minutes speeches,
by Messrs. Woodruff, Egglcston, Byron, and
Fish, ensued.
Great arrangements for the closing meetings
to-night are being made. Two other churches
will be tipen, tlie crowd being so great.
The Convention has decided to meet three
years hence at Indianapolis.
Tyng, of New York, speaks tins afternoon.
The t'ollpclorslilp l'renMnre for Offices.
Kjytfal Despatch to The Evening Teletjraph.
Baltimore, April 30. The Collector of tho
Port and other prominent Government oflicials
enter upon their duties here to-morrow. The
pressure for subordinate places intensifies. The
colored citizens are pressing their claims, and
have sent a delegation to wait upon Collector
Thomas and others, mostly asking for a few
subordinate places of humble character. They
are promised proper consideration. William C
Ross, injured at the McClellans alley fire, is not
expected to live. Henry W. Harris, of the old
banking house of the firm of Harris & Sons,
died last evening.
Tobacco IVaiid 1nniliel.
Cincinnati, April 30. In the United States
Court at Covington, Kentucky, Judge Sullard,
judgment in 7000 was rendered yesterday
against James Gedgo and his sureties in favor of
the United States, for returning tobacco manu
factured lower than its value.
iitcniiier llrcincn AmIioi-c.
New Yokk, April 30 The steamer Bremen,
from Bremen and Southampton, passed Sandy
nook last night, and, unfortunately, went ashore
on the cast end of Komcr shoals. She remains
ashore this morning, and sis tugs are at work
endeavoring to get her off.
B Atlantic Cable.
This Morulas' Oiiotntlons.
London, April so A. M Consols 93' for both
money and account. V. S. Five-twenty bonds quiet
ur so j; American stocks firmer; Erie 'Railroad, 21 ;
Illinois Central, 9!V'
LivKKi'OOf,, April 30 A. M. Cotton firm; mid
dliii(t uplands, ll?,d. ; middling Orleans, lavU 'l'he
sales of to-dny are estimated at 10,ooo bales, l'he
sales of the week cndluir yesterday have been M.ooO
bales, of which Whhi were for export and 4' for
speculation. The stock of cotton In port is HM.ihio
link's, including IOS,iKH) hales of American.
This Allemoon'M O uoiiitioiis.
London, April 1 M Consols 1)3'.; for both
money and account, stocks quiet; Atlantic and
(jreat Western, !i4.
To-morrow, Way 1, will be a holiday In the Stock
I.iVKKPOOt,, April DO P. M Stock of Cotton
afloat 4s7,lHHl liules, of which isj,unu are American.
Hreadstutls quid. Oats, lis. 4d. Peas, litis. Bacon,
ens. lid. Tallow, 44. O'L Varus ami fabrics at Man
chester are dull.
IIavkk, April 30 Cotton opens dull; on the spot,
1401.; ailoat, 141f.
Ntork Quotations by Telegraph-1 P. M.
Glendennlnir, Davis A Co. report through their New
York house tne following;
N. Y. Cent. U 17
Cleve. A Toledo 102','
Toledo & Wabash. ... 73 :
N. Y. and Erie It.... 801
l'h. and Kea. R 9
Mich. Hand N. LB..Ka
Cle. and Pitt. R 93
Chi. and N. W.com.. 8T
Chi. and N. W. pref.. W
ChL and K.LK 13
Pitta. V. W. k Chi R.1U8 W
Uo.rifln Wall Cliiiim lit
Mil. A St. Paul K.0... Vli
Mil. A Ht. Paul It p.. . H&X
Adams Express 61 y'
Wells,Karno ACo.... 8rl
U. 8. Express
Tennessee ttrt, new... 6s v
Gold 134
Uiu-ket "U:aoy.
I West, vma Tel );
Omni or thh Kvnmwo Tkt.wiiufh,1
rridajr, April 30, 1S9. t
The local money market to-day was steady
and quite aetivo, but our former quotations for
loans and discounts are without material change,
though the tendency is decidedly towards a
lower range of figures. We quote call loans on
Government bonds at alsiut 5fr0 per cent, and
at6(S7 per cent, on miscellaneous securities.
rntne mercantile poper Is scarce and much
sought for, but makers will not pay more than
8 per cent, discount for cash, tbe average rate
ocing anoui 7 per cent.
To-morrow being the Ut of May, the Govern
ment will disburse tho semi-annual Interest on
the 5-20s of 18'.a, 184, and lsir,. The amount
will be nearly thirty millions in gold. Most of
this will be due in Europe where these bonds
are now held, but a considerable amount, after
being changed into currency, will find its way to
our banks and add so much 10 the loanable re
sources of the market. The Treasury sold one
million of its surplus gold yesterday, which, with
the disbursements on account of its bonds, ought
to have forced down the market, whereas the
movement yesterday was in tlie opposite di
rection. Government-bond are active and very strong.
Gold is ndvancing. Premium at 12 M., V.W)i.
There was less activity in tho Stock market
to-day, and prices were not so strong. Stale
loans were steady at former quotations. City
Sixes were active at 101 If for the new certifi
cates; 98 wus bid for the old, The Lehigh Gold
Loan was weak, selling at M.
Reading Railroad was moderately active,
opening at 48-5ft, and closing at 48-41, weak;
Pennsylvania Railrood. was steady at 50C; Cata
wlssa Railroad preferred sold at 85j. This
company yesterday declared a dividend of
per cent, on their preferred stock. Philadelphia
and Erie Railroad was taken at 28; Camden
and Amboy Railroad at VM; 5rt was bid for
Lehigh Valley Railroad, and 54 for Minehill Rail
road. Canal stocks were weak. Lehigh Navigation
sold at 33, a decline of ; 18 was bid for Schuyl
kill Navigation.
Coal stocks were wlthont essential change.
Nothing was done in Bank or Passenger Rail
way shares. 43V was bid for Second and Third:
i0 for West Philadelphia: 27 for Spruce and
Pine; and 13 for Hestonville.
Messrs. Jay Cookr A Co. qnotc Government seen
rities, etc., as follows: U. H. 6s, 8t, lis vll; o-29
of ls62,l'ii?4(nii2!J;do.,lS64,li;'(i11S'J'; do., Nov.,
iw.s, navaiifs ; do., July, ltwn, ii6vnt' : do.,
1807, lllP4(U7; do., IStW, llflkj(llV; 10-40S,
lOlOSV Hold, 134V- Paclflcs, 10ti'4(10ti,'f.
Messrs. Dk Haven A Brother. No. 40 S. Third
street, Philadelphia, report the following quotations:
U. S. 6S Of 1881, llH.l(119; do. 18i2, 121 ','12'i;
do. 1864, mVAlls; do. 1865, 119V(nl !'. ; do. IMTt,
new, llrtS,ll'.i ; do. 1867, new, 110v,fSllv: do.
1868, 116Vm6V; do. 5S, 10-40S, 10$ ' (if 10$ '4' ; IT. S.
30 Year 6 per cent. Cy., lot; 'jflKW; ; Due Coiup. Int.
Notes, 19,v. Gold, li:4?,134',"; Silver, 1271-29.
Messrs. Whj.iam Painter A Co., No. 80 S. Third
street, report the following quotations :U. S. 6s of
1881, lt8V$118i;;-20s of 1862, 122i.ftl23; do. 164,
117VH8; do. 1865, ll'.i'nfatlO3,'; do. Jnlv, lso.
lliiyiSlie v; do. July, 1867, 116'..(1165( ; do. Jnlv,
1868, 116,Vgll6 ; 6s, 10-40, 108;108,V. Gold, 18X
Narr A Ladner, Bankers, report Uila morning's
Gold quotations as follows :
10-00 A. M 134VU1-R0 A. M. 184V
10i5 " 184V 'HMO ' 134,'
10-29 " 1.'l4V!ll-45 " 134',f
10-H5 " HUVllUO "
10-45 184 V1
Reported by De Haven A Bro., No. 40 S. Third Street.
I.VW0 City 6s, New. .101 v
f2 sh Reading RR.. 48 v
f.'ioo tio 2d. 101 v
tSKfiOO tlo 1)5. 101V
17800 do b5.101V
fwiot)Loh arold Lis. 94'.
4.'KH) tlo 04 V
$-'000 do 91V
VH) do 94 ' ,
I'.'IHM) tlo. 94 '
.C 48-50
...85. 48V
48 V
.Ix.o. 48!cf
,.b30. 48-44
In . .
tl'Kloo Phil A E 7s. Is. 88 V
f.'ooo do ,
8iv 3600 sh New Creek.ls jtf-
f 1000 St Louis gold 1.102 V
2f0 sll Peiina...l8.c. Ml A,
18 sli Cam A Am R.120V
looBhCataPf..b6o. :ifv
loo do H5V
100 do b60 . 85V
oo sh Leh N StbSO. 82'-
100 do b60. 82
260 do b30. 82
100 do blO. 82
100 sll Phil A E. 1)30. 28 V
100 do 860. 8
INiIlntlelpliia Trade Report.
Friday, April so. The Hour market Is quiet, there
icing no demand excent from the home consumers.
w ho purchased 800 barrels in lots, including super-
tine at&'xu'fi-oo; extrasat fa-iM 6-25 ; Iowa, Wiscon
sin, and Minnesota extra family at tf-50(S;7-25. the
latter rate for fancy; Pennsylvania do. do. at J6'75Ji
50; Ohio do. do. at 7-75f.9 00: and fancy brands at
?lflU2-00, according to quality. Rve Flour sells at
f7(.i.7-25 per barrel. Nothing doing In Corn MeaL
The Wheat Market Is Arm, but there Is no inquiry
xcept for prime lots, which are In small siinnli- -
gales of red at f 1-70A 175: 1500 bushels umber ut tl -78
tul-so; 2000 bushels California at 1-77(S.1-S0; 400
bushels Genessec white at 12: and 400 bushels
Kentucky do. on secret terms. Rve Is steady, with
sales of Western at 11-45. Corn Is without essentia
change; sales of yellow at 88c,; 3000 bushels light
western mixed at Sfiirfxsc. ; and 1000 bushels un
sound do. at. 80c. Outs are selling at 75i(77c. for
Western ; and 60vi,7U for Pennsylvania. Nothing doing
In Barley or Malt.
Hark is freely offered at t&2 per ton for No. 1 Quer
Seeds Clovt rsecd Is nulet. with small sales at t&s
9-50, the latter rate from second bauds. Timothy Is
llrm at t4-75. Flaxseed Is wanted by the crushers at
f'iilfita 2-70.
Whisky Is in better demand; 60 barrels sold at 93i'
For additional Marine Ato iwe Inxide Pageit.
New Yobk, April . Arrived, uteanishlps Denmark
and Kilierui, from Liverpool.
Sandy Hook, April M -12 :10 P. M.-The Rteuniiihip
Bremen hits jut hacked off the Komer hhoul, und U head
inir Hout beast.
r OH'i'KKhs Monroe, April 30. Arrived, United Statea
steamer lialouu, t'omtiiAmltir Breez, from Purttuioutli N
H. Passed in for lialiiniot-H, brig Alpha, from l'orto
Kico; aclir Webster Bernard, from l'onue.
7 A. M 50 1 11 A, m".....67 3 P. M 62
Steamor lillville, llomtar, AIiIMIIh, Wliiull, Tatnm 40n
Strainer AU. Vernon. Kent, .Now Haven. U. Conner A Cn
Steamer Hannah and Sophia, Teat, Horhy.Siunicks.iniC'o'
Sohr iti-alinK Hit. No. 44, Trainer. Noi wirli, do
8',!,rn,'i","tt" U"' Commercial Point, Day! Hud-
Hohr Heading RR. No. IS, Kannon, New Haven do
N.-hr Hiawatha. Ie, N.iwlniryport. Newt, Walter A Co
b.-lir hilar. Ijiynniycr, dorinan, tiardiuer do
S.'hr Adilie Avery, Ryan, l'rovi.tm-e An
S p'l!'er,'lV'd L!o"""1 T"W,""1. Charlutwn, ion. H. Rep.
Kelir A. Haley, Haley, Portland, .i
Kvlir Helen Mar, Niekei-Hon, Ronton, I). Cooper A Co
hi hr Compromise, Perry, Coluioaoi, Nanowa, do!
Stcamalim Homun, H.w, 41 hour from R.wton with
nnW. to 11. W inor A l!o. i iff Harm-sat. y" stonl ,y p M
niHrrAMvr11"''" ""' Baltimore, with
J riJMIttiYiS? Uonn frora New Yo'"- "h
Br. Iianpie Itlair Atliol, Haines, 47 dav from ..nPi
witliradwaymm Ui Najlnr & Co. voaiTel to k! A. Houdar
viHefw,la,loic,a,p;;n,'f0m'''- 6 d
Kejir A. Barton, Franklin, from Now Txindon
H ir 1) 8. tjiuer, Hnnllev, from fall Ri,
Hohr 1 hot Borden, WriKliUuitUin, Irom Vail Ri,r
He ir American KaKle, from .Tamea River
He hrJ Bradley Bradley, from New Haven.
He ir Irvller. Adams, from Providence,
Hehr.1. W ..Allen H,,,- from Prov,,!,,,
Hchr Heading Kii. . 4.40.,,,, from Norwioh.
. ... . MEMORANDA.
yX!". ""W.IpM.. "ed from
1 v ,a i BUeJir1. Bowditeh, from Providence for
Complimentary Banquet to llev.
William C Cattell, D. I).,
resident of the
l.n-t cveniii"; a banquet was given nt the Con
tinental Hotel by the Trustees of Lafayette Col
lege, located In Kaston. to tho esteemed Presi
dent of the Institution, Rev. William C. Cattcll,
P. I)., on tlio occasion of his departure for
Europe, where lie expects to Fpend a year in
the inspection of the various educational institu
tions. The following Invitation was addressed
to President Cattcll:
Pnii.AnKi.fiiiA, April 17, 1869.Rev. W. C. Cattcll,
I. 1)., President of Lafayette College Dear 8lr: In
view of your i'onti'niiliili'il alisence In Kurope, In the
Interests of Ijiliiyctlc College, over which you so
worthily preside, and the advancement of which to .
Its present prosperous condition hag been effected
through your most devoted labors, the undersigned,
trustees of the college, resident In Philadelphia, in
behalf of ourselves and many others In this city, beg
the privilege to meet you at. an entertainment to bo
given at the Continental Hotel, Thursday evening,
April W. , .,
In this way we seek an opportunity to express the
high esteem we entertain for you. and our earnest
sympathy with yon In the object, of your visit to the
finned schools of science in the Old World..
Retiiesting the favor of.'an early reply, we are,
reverend 111111 near sir, most respectfully yours,
J A MRS PomIock, -
Barton TT. Jknkr,
Alfred Martibv,
J. Ross 8NOWD8N,
James II. Mason Knox'
A favorable response to this invitation brought
together the personal and professional friends of
the guest, sonic of our most prominent citizens,
a large number of clergyman, representatives of
the various learned professions, and others In
terested in the cniise of education.
This gathering was a descrvod compliment to
a gentleman who is Miccessfully engaged in
carrying on a great work that is entitled to the
recognition of all w ho arc able to understand
and appreciate the importance of educational
institutions of the higher class, such as Lafayette
College is. This institution hut a few years
ago was at its lowest ebb. It had no standing,
and its friends were In despair and were almost
disposed to abandon the enterprise. Dr. Cattcll
(formerly Professor of Ancient Languages in the
College), a young man, energetic, persevering,
and possessing every qualification of learning,
combined with plain practical common scuseand
lntsiucss ability, was chosen to preside
over the college, and, if possible,
to revive its fortunes. He applied himself to
the task with a characteristic ardor, and the
result of his labors Is seen in the high position
which Lafayette Collcirc holds among the educa
tional Institutions of Pennsylvania and of the
United States. The system upon which the college
is conducted Is in accordance with the most ad
vanced Ideas of the time, while the importance
of the t-lasslcB as means of educational training
and discipline is acknowledged and Insisted
upon. A proper position is also accorded
to the sciences, modern languages, and other
branches, and those students who may prefer not
to study the dead languages have every facility to
go through with a thorough scientific course, and
they have an equal chance to gain the highest
honors of the institution. Another important
feature, whic h cannot be too highly commended
Is the Professorship for tho Philological
study of the Euglii-h Language.- . These
matters arc referred to In detail in the
admirable address of President Cattcll, to which
we refer our renders.
Ex-Oovernor Pollock presided, and after full
justice had been done to the various delicacies,
and the cloth had been removed, he made a few
appropriate and pleasant remarks, and then pro
posed the sentiment, "Our City," which was
responded to by the Mayor. Hon. Daniel M.
Fox, as follows: . f
Mayor Fox said that he was distinguished on
the occasion by being the first person called
upon to "staud up." He said he was more nsed
to seeiug that good order was kept in the city,
rather than having to speak at banquets. lie
referred to the institutions of the city, its
churches, its academies, and its 156 miles of ter
ritory. He said he should perhaps surprise a
number of people when he stated that with the
large population of 850,000 persons, there were
but 320 police oflicers ou duty to-night. (Ap
plause.) And he took that as a proof that the
citizens of Philadelphia were a law-abiding
lie said that while he had been Mayor he had
I',ud,a,nltucr roUKh tllnoof it, and he thought
1 luladclphla could favorably compare with the
other cities of the Union in regard to tho small
ncss of crime w hich occurred within its limits.
He was glad to become acquainted with Dr. Cat
tcll; he knew the object of his mission to Eu
rope, and he was glad to tec so many of his
friends present at this social meeting, lie was
sure Dr. Cattcll would go abroad with the good
wishes of every one present; and he was pleased
that, while he was ou his way to a distant land,
he found time to stop In Philadelphia, and he
certainly welcomed him. He concluded bv wish
ing the learned Doctor Miceess in all his 'efforts,
and he hoped Lafayette College would become
one of the first institutions of learning in tlie
fetatc. (Applause.")
Tlie Chairnmu then referred to the history of
Lafayette Colle ge, and the great work that had
been performed by President Cattcll. and pro
posed as the next sentiment, "Our Guest," to
which Dr. Cattcll responded. It is needless for
us to say that the Doctor, on rising, was grecUd
with loud and enthusiastic applause, which was
frequently renewed during the delivery of his
speech, which follows:
Mr. President: I thank you, sir, and his
Honor tho Mayor, for your kind remarks, and
these gentlemen for their cordial welcome. I
desire to acknowledge In the fullest terms my
grateful sense of the personal compliment that
you intend to convey by this meeting, but at tu
sumo tiuio I am aware that, on an occasion Ilk
this, you are looking past mo lo tho cause of
education with which I have been souiewhut
identified, ami it in, therefore, of this subject,,
and more especially as connected with Lafayette
College, that I shall speak to-night.
Thirtv-three years ago tho President of La
fayette "College came to ihls city to meet a com
pany of distinguished gentlemen, called together
to deliberate upon the condition and prospects
of tho institution. These prospects were by noy
means encouraging. Iu fact, though the college
wus then in its infancy (liaviug been chartered
in lifcili), it was already at the polut of death
from that chronic disorder of most Amorican
colleges, well expressed ly tho word impeounir
oititt. In giving an account of this Important
meeting Dr. Junkin says, that so profound was
his own dlscourugciueut, ho expressed to these
gentlemen Ills "entire willingness to cease all
efforts for the establishment of Lafayette Col
lege, if the present meeting should no advise.
Happily for the interest of education, lucre

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