Newspaper Page Text
THE DAILY EVENING TELEGRAPH PHILADELPHIA, FRIDAY, APRIL 30, 1869.
Onttnw4 frim the Firnt fan. as prcwent that truly rcat and tfood man, lr. Archibald Alexander. lie would not intcn to any proposal tluit even looked like abandoning thl work. The failure of the Prex bvtcrinn Church to Busduin the collcirc nt (Jur li'lo (sineo o prosperous In the hnnds of our Mcthodiwt brethren) rendered It still more Im perative that this new nnd more advantageous position chould lie held nnd tuiide secure, nt n time when nil the lendinii di'iiomlnntlons were establish inn; colleges in the enftern part of the State. This Rrent region between the Delaware nnd the Susquehanna, fast fillliiir up with col leges, bid fair to become tlie scat of it exeat em pire of learning, nnd cvcrvtliliiir connnired to make Easton the vcrv location for u college; Its proverbial liealthfulncs; tlic simple and Inex pensive stvlo of living that characterizes the community; the scenerv, unequalled for beauty and grandeur; nnd it Is not too much to say that his sanations mind saw in the probable de velopment of that rccion. fertile in soil and exhaustlcss in mineral wealth, what an im portant relation the town would hold to the sur rounding country, realized now when it has six daily trains to Philadelphia, nnd twelve to New York, nnd almost dallv communication with the South nnd West. As to Princeton College, the honorod nnd venerated "Mother of us all, ' Dr. Alexander apprehended from the new institution "no Injurious competition, but probable benetlt,' while as to the Church nnd the community at large, the advantages would be immeasurable. "The founding of a college," said lie, "is a great matter, nnd the mnn who will undertake and carry it through bo that it shall live nnd grow in succeeding years will have done a exeat work, if he spend his whole life in it. I should be very sorry to see the ground nt Easton abandoned, nnd the labor lost. It must not he. Let Dr. Junkiu not be discouraged, but go forward!" Dr. Junkin ndds, "no man can . . . . r a. i 1.1.. ever know how tnese worus 01 uie euemuiu age thrilled in my soul" but there are some hero who know with what a brave heart nnd resolute will and unflagging zeal Dr. Junkiu did "go forward" from that time through what trials nnd discouragements; so unwearied in labor, so fertile in expedients, bearing this college like one of his own children ever upon his heart and in his daily prayers. And he lived to see his prayers answered. None of all that crowded assembly in the church in Easton at the commencement, year before last, can ever forget the scene when the venerable man, ndvanciug to the front of the stage to pronounce the benedic tion; and pointing to the noble buildings upon College Ilfll, In full view from the church, ex claimed, with a voice trembling with emotion and the, tears streaming down his furrowed cheeks, "All that this fond heart of mine ever dared to hope for Lafayette College is now being realized. 'Lord, now lettcst Thou Thy servant depart in peace. " And now, sir, as to the "establishing of Lafay ette College," it would not be w ithotit Ji ntcrest to dwell upon the successive administration of those who followed Dr. t, Junkin in the Presi dency, and to note the part taken by each in the final and successful accomplishment of this great work. I have collected ample material for such a history, which I hope to give to the public when I have leisure to put it in shape. The services rendered to the college by thoso who remained faithful, even through the darkest davs, deserves a permanent record, but the pro prieties of the present occasion, and the limited time I dare ask of your courtesy, restrict me to what has been done under my own administra tion, and only a brief notice of that. In the fall of 1803, when I entered upon the duties of my office, the college, notwithstanding tho learning and ability of my predecessor, was down again with an unusually severe attack of its old complaint, and with the addition of a very alarming tumor in the shape ot a debt. This increased, of course, as the number of students diminished, and those in actual attend ance amounted to about thirty. So nearly had the eftprit du corps departed from the college, that the commencement exercises tor that year had been entirely omitted! But the most pain ful evidence of demoralization was seen in the funds of the college, which allowed only forty nine hundred dollars as the sum total paid to the entire Board of Instruction. You understand, Mr. Chairman not forty-nine hundred dollars to each of us, but forty-nine nunureu uonars to' the entire Corps of Instructors. There were at that time nine of us in the Faculty, and it takes but little knowledge of the higher mathematics to ascertain that the average paid to each professor would be less than the amount eamod that year by many a Cult with his shovel and pick. Yet my colleagues were men of known learning and ability, and accustomed to the usages of educated and refined society ! This economical scale of expenditure continued nearly three years, and how those who had no means of their own managed to rxi.it, not to say live, on this "compensation," I leave you to imagine. Under these circumstances, my first efforts were of course to secure a permanent endow ment. Money is the sinews of a college, as well as of war. I am well aware that money alone will not make n college. As Mr. Pardee told us at the commencement dinner of 18M, it must, "like the paints of the old artist, be mixed with brains." But the old painter could not use his brains for pigments. And for the successful work of the college, money was an absolute necessity, not only for the comfortable support of the professors, but for additional apparatus, cabinets, books, buildings, and grounds, nil of which the college greatly needed. I need not remind you that no institution for the higher education can be supported by tuition fees alone, however great the number of students. In some countries the government annually grants such institutions large subsidies, but in our own country, while the common schools are supported by tho State, it is through the gene rous benefactions of tho rich that the funds are mainly supplied by which college education is cheapened so that It is within lie reach of the . musKos. And in thus making provision for the ' support of Professors, independent of tuition . fees, these gentlemen are not only providing in struction for tho masses, but they are sending out, In the Interests of mankind, an advance corps of explorers in tho domain of science and letters. Our university and college faculties, in the intervals of their special work of instruc tion, are the men who carry on the great inves tigations Into the laws of nature, and give to the world its best treatises upon philosophy, lan guage, and physics. Occasionally you will find a man like Mr. Gladstone, who, amid all the cares and labors of high otlice, sends forth valuable contributions to the learning of the age; or, to come nearer home, such men as Mr. Charles E. Smith, of tho Heading Hailroad, who finds lei sure amid his pressing official duties to pursue scientific investigations; but in geueral wo must look to our professional educators who live in the great libraries and in well-furnished labora tories, and whose daily duties in the recitation room and lecture-hall (if not overworked) in crease their efficiency by bringing them into con. 'stant contact with scientific and literary subjects Jt is to them we must look as the "great Aca demy" for the advancement of science and learn ing. I can assure you, sir, that the faculty of Lafayette, while zealous and faithful in the in struction of their classep, which is their first duty, are well known to all scholars for their valuable contributions to literature and scl ence. It may seem invidious to make selections among so many eminent men, hut I cannot help referring to the Biblical works of Dr. Coleman, used as text-books In England, as well as in this country to Professor Collin's mathematical pub lications aflii his researches in meteorology and the laws of winds, which have placed him iu the first rank of living philosophers; to Professor Porter's learned hibcTS, wfiicfi have resulted in a inmnitA hntjmlc.il survey of Pennsylvania, which the Legislature has recently ordered to be published; and to Professor March's works on i.Minininr Tt la not. too much to say that his 5-M.tl.rUf of the Philological Study of the Eug llsh Language" has done more to promote an accurate and thorough study of our language than any book of modem times, lie has now h, press a comparative grammar, in which the Htructure of the Anglo Saxon is c ompared w h a.nonrit. with the Latin and Gretk, and with " Teutonic and Scandinavian languages, and I ! Lsertion that it will be found the ciii,u. r ()f tll( und a V. .iCion to inode?n philology welcomed by ftU BdwtaH few cowurj aud Unguuge. To endow professorships for such men in pur I colleges nnd universities is one of the "oblost I uses to which money can Do pui; nn u.i ii, uu Iinnnr of our country turn ww nra .,,.,!,... mm, who not onlv know how to make ,t alio know also how to mako this noble use of It. Allow me to say, as an illustra tion of this, that nniong the original subscrip tions for the endowment of Lafayette College, nearly forty years ago, I find one of two dollars made' by a voting man then Just commencing business, le has since become wealthy, nnd last year this two-dollar subscription gave place to one of $1!,W)0, besides 4(,(X0 recently given to Princeton, and a splendid school built and endowed for the benefit of his native town. I allude to a gentleman well known throughout our country, John I. Rlnir, of Blairstown, N. J. Such men deserve to be held In the highest honor as benefactors of their rare; and some of them it was my happiness to flud, and to interest in Lafayette College. I cannot say, Mr. Chairman, that I found them nil at once, and I never, at any one time, ran much risk of being suffocated by the pres sure of a large crowd of them; and in giving you a list of the principal donors I am like the venders of certain infallible remedies, who pub lish only the remarkable cures, and not the signal failures, tlint followed the application of their remedies. In the first ten months I did not se cure $ 10.000, but at last the stock of the college, which had been well said to be below par, went suddenly up, not only to par, but to Pardee. But before I speak of him nnd the new curriculum of studies with which his name is now inseparably and so honorably connected, let me give vou a list of the princi pal donors of the '00,000 contributed to the general endowment of the College. (The Doe- tor here read a list ot about lorty names. Among the largest sums contributed by Pcnnsylvanians were tf0,0(0 by William Adamson, 0,000 by John A. Brown, !(00 by Alexander Whilldiu and M. Baird, of this city; Thomas Beaver, ot Danville, gave $'J5,XK); Joseph II. Scanton, Tlo.UUO; J. . lioilciibacn, ot v HKcsuarre, nnu Thomas Dickson, of Scranton, each fcWOO. VV . E. Dodge, of New York, gave $15,000, and Selden T. Scranton, of New Jersey, $7500.) To these contributions, and others of a smaller amount for the goneral endowment, must be added the donation of 15,000 from Mr. John I. Blair to purchase additional ground and for the erection of a new dormitory; the magnificent Chemical Hall, one of the finest in the country, built and presented to the collcgo by Barton II. Jenks, of Philadelphia; the Astromomicnl Ob servatory, completely furnished, the munificent gift of Professor Traill Green; two dormitories, one erected by Alfred Martlen, and tho other by Kev. Matthew Ncwkirk, both of Philadelphia; a fund of $:J0,000, contributed by the citizens of Easton for the erection of new buildings, and SUOOO given by Mr. Lenox, of New York, to ex tinguish the debt of the college. It remains for me now to refer to the greatest of all the benefactors of tho college; one whose name is to be pronounced with gratitude by all who love Lniavctto College, ana with all thought ful men everywhere who know how to value the higher education. In tho fall of 18M I became acquainted with Mr. A. Pardee, at his own home In ilazleton, Pa. It was at a period when the clouds of our civil war hung low and dark in the horizon, shrouding tho whole country in gloom. It was a dark period, too, lor Lafayette College I had labored for nearly a year with all the energy God has given me, and so insignilicant were the results that it seemed scarcely possible the college could much longer exist. I may say also that so thoroughly had 1 woven my own life with that ot the college, that it scorned to me as if we were both dying out together, You can therefore iudge somewhat of my per sonal, as well as official, gratitude to Mr. Pardee, when I tell you that at this tlrst interview, although he had never set foot within the col lege grouuds.aud had never met witli any of tho faculty except the President, at whose youth and diminutive appearance lie was no doubt at first grieved in heart, this noble man placed in my hands his obligation for $20,000 the largest sum at that time ever given by one person to any educational institution iu Penn sylvania! !f you, Mr. Chairman, or any of these gentlemen can describe my foul ing, I winh you would. It Is beyond my power. 1 road the paper over ana over, and the more I read it the less I comprehended "tho situation." I was. sir, as one that dreamed, and if Mr. Pardee had melted away right before my eyes through the carboniferous rocks on which we stood and reappeared a Preadamito mcgala therium, 1 could not have marvelled more than I did when I looked at that little slip of paper. I do not think the sensation would have been so delicious, but it would not have been more stun ning. And indeed, sir, how I got home that day I can scarcely remember. I presume the" cars did not run olf the track; but really I do not think I would have taken much notice of an ordinary smash-up. I do remember, however, that when I reached home and showed the letter to the one whose gentle sympathies had cheered me in so many hours of discouragement, and who was the lirst to know and snare my new joy l well remember that we two knelt down together, and from my full heart there went up tho prayer that God would bless and reward the generous donor; and that prayer I have not, since that time, ceased daily to offer. But I must not dwell upon this. "The old wave of feeling flows back upon mens 1 think ot that day, and almost de prives me of utterance. I will only say that I never regarded the . result ot that interview as duo to my arguments or persuasions, but to that God in whose hand the hearts of men are turned as the rivers of water, and who was that day answering in so remarkable a manner the prayers which for so many yenrs had gone up lrom the "thousaiuls ot Israel iu behalf of our college. But this gift of iy!i0,oo0 was only the beginning of good things from Mr. Pardee. His subsequent donations, as you all know, increased it to 00,000, and it is upon this foundation that the trustees have established tho new curriculum of scientific and technical studies which, upon the present occasion, calls for special notice. Every intelligent man kuows that we of the nineteenth century are iu the midst of a great revolution in matters relating to the higher edu cation: and this, like most revolutions, indicates, as Dr. Froude says, "discontent with what we have and no clear idea of what we would have." There is a widespread dissatisfaction with the old college course, so largely devoted to Greek and Latin, with several years of preparatory study requisite for admission. If the dead languages are not pronounced ab solutely worthless, thev are regarded as rela tively unimportant, and it is contended by many that the time spent upon them could be used to better advantage upon other branches of studv of a practical character, and more suited to the stirring, busy age in which we live. Now, this j uoi me time or the place to discuss this great .uvr, mi i ueg io say mat with those w ho claim to lead the advance in these views I have no sympathy. I do not believe that the whole aim of education should be to fit us to make a living, though that education, which does not secure this, among other desirable results, is certainly not worth having. Nor do I bolievo that the ancient languages are of no value as a means of culture for the human faculties, or worthless as an acquisition: ,)or ls SUL.h'tho opinion of the trustees of the college. Ou the vuuuiu y , n uuuuimau ill our catalogue that "The classioal course at Lafarette will enntinua ,. j the ample., opportunity for thi .,"",!, TMan RuaKt.il. It i. lie earnebt endeavor of the hoard to iriv J it greater efficiency year hy year. They rKrd it not ou?y : the regular introduction to Uie special pn.foMi,mi studj of theology, medicine, and law, l.ut as a thoroughly t, hS meant ut aecuring the culturo and elovation of miiid an I or imparting the uaelul and hheral learning which become, s Christian scholar." " At the same time the trustees have considered it equally important to meet tho deinauds of that large aud constantly increasing number of stu dents w ho are anxious to secure the best educa tion the country affords, but who will not study (ireek and Latin. Until recently such men, re pulsed from our universities aud colleges, took refuge in a lower grade of Institutions, under tho name of business colleges, commercial schools, mechanics' institutes, etc., though they would have beou glad to pursue, with the single excep tion I have named, tho entire curriculum of our best colleges, mid to enjoy the cultivation, karued habits, aud aswefatious of college lifo. For such persons tho General Course of the Pardee Scientific Department In La fayette Collcgo was established, In 1805. In stead of kinking a partial concession to the "new education," by displacing a part of the classics, through a system of elective studies, as has been done by some colleges, after the freshmen or Bopliomorevcar, we thought it best, while keeping up the old classic course In Its in tegrity for such as desire it, to leave Greek and Latin entirely out of tho new, except so far as a vocabulary of these languages and the general laws of their structure might be given in the philological study of the modern languages, which would occupy their place. The new course therefore embraces all tho studios of the old, except the dead languages, and it Is equally designed to lay a substantial oasis oi Knowledge and scholarly culture. We do not run It as a sccond-class'or accommodation train for an in ferior grade of students, and we retain in it, as far as possible, the old and tried methods of in struction which have been studied and approved by generations of Christian educators. Es pecially do we seek, In the philological study of our own language, to secure the samo kind of mental discipline that is claimed for the study o Latin and Greek; and permit me to say here that Lafayette has tho honor of being tho first college in this country to esta blish a professorship for the philological study of the English language as distinct from rhetoric, belles-lettres, or English literature. It is strange that our educators should have so long over looked the importance of having tho language itself thoroughly and philologieally studied. It seems as if, while providing ample Instruction iu Greek and Latin, and in French and German, they thought a knowledge of English would come like Dogberry's reading and writing, "by nature," though in the universities of France and Germany the first professorship established, both In the" order of time and importance, is that which has to do with the language of the country. In like manner we have given to our English special prominence, and as this has long been a marked feature of our course, let me quote a paragraph from our catalogue respect ing it: " The Rngliah language Is studied in the same way an the Latin and the Greek. An Kngliah clannio is taken up; the text minutely analyzed, the idioms explored, and syno- nyma weighed ; the mythology, biography, history, mota physics, theology, geography, are all i)gy. geography, are all looked up. 1 tie rheto rical laws of Knglish composition anil the principles of P)IC anU Umiimtli; Br, .IS ai'llUU Willi oimni;ni(iai ,1, and other Knglixh classics, line by line. The character of iplied to Milton, Shakespeare, the author and hiB life and times are studied, and an at tempt is made to comprehend these great representative works in their relations to the Knglish literuture and the Knglish race. The text is also made the foundation of more general study of language; the origin and history of rnriirnni words, tho laws by which words grow ui from their roots in our language, and the laws by which changes from one languago to another are governed." I will only add that English, French, and German nro regular parts of both the classical and scientific courses, while the other modern lamruairCB are optional. With reference to the technical nnd profes sional courses of the Pardee Scientific Depart ment, it is not necessary for me to speak in de tail. The curriculum is similar to that of our best polytechnic colleges. Tho Departments of Engineering, Mining, and Metallurgy, and of Applied Chemistry are now fully organized, and the diliirent student will find nt Lafayette every facility for the thorough study of all those sub jects relating - to the industries of nations, Moreover, our position in the midst of the great mining and manufacturing region of the Middle States affords our students even' oppor tunity for combining observation and practice with their lectures, text-book, study, aud labora tory work. It only remains to add that in establishing these new courses of study we .have not forgotten that Lafayette is a Christian college, and so far lrom considering the "new education or the "technical studies" as in their nature re moved from Biblical instruction or religious culture, we aim to impress upon them a distiuc tively Christian though not sectarian character. That we may be successful in this, we beg the prayers of all God s people. Aud now, Mr. Chairman, Lafayette College, with its corps of twenty-one instructors, has fairly entered upon the great work which is set before it. Coining years will show, in the char actcr and qualifications of our graduates, whether we itro en mil to the duties wo have undertaken; but I dare promise, on the part of my colleagues in the Board of Instruction, what ever profound learning, signal ability, and con scicntious fidelity can add to those appliances of scientific and literary culture which your wise and noble liberality has enabled the Board of .Management to out into men nanus, i wouiu uv no means imply that the college has attained Its greatest efficiency, the occasion ot your Kind presence nere to-nignt is an evidence that we seek for still further improvement. The trustees have requested me to visit some of the principal Polytechnic Schools of Europe, und to T. !... .! !.. ...I- . . .1 ,! - inquire lino uicir inciuous uuu appliances oi scientific studv, with a view to the turther en largement and improvement ot the course at Lafayette. 1 do not believe, Mr. Chairman, that our colleges can be, or that they should be, moulded after the institutions of the Old World; they must grow out of our own soil, and bo dis tinctively American, if they would fully meet the wants ot our own people, cut it is wen known that the Technical Schools of Europe are, In some respects, superior to tho best ot ours; and in Germany alone, there were, last year, nearly six hundred voting men from the United States, seeking these advantages, even with the disadvantage of prosecuting their studies in a foreign language. We cannot retain such men at home without offering them facilities for the higher technical and professional studies equal to any they can find abroad. It is well, therefore, to get the latest and most accurate information by per sonal inspection, and though I regret that the choice of the Board has nut fallen upon some oue of my learned colleagues in the scientific department better fitted than one whose studies have been mainly confined to Ills department of languages, yet 1 hope to bring back some infor mation of value to them and to tho Board of Management, so that Lafavette College shall keep iu the front, with the oldest aud best insti tutions of our land, leading the people onward to the high places of civilization and science. Dr. Traill Green, the Adamson Professor of Chemistry and Dean of the Pardee Scientific Department, then said that, when he received the card of invitation he very innocently con cluded that tho gentlemen who gave the enter tainment would do the entertaining, and he asked to bo excused from saying anything. He said there was no one whom his colleagues and himself more delighted to honor than the President, Dr. Cattell. (Applause.) He was a man well qualified for the position which ho occupied. I am happy to say, sir, that Dr. Cattell is iu the presiding chair of Lafayette College, and no man, iu tho same time, and under tho same circumstances, ever accom plished a work like this. His dillieuUies were great, and we have often conversed together about them. Our President, among his many discoveries, discovered Mr. Pardee, aud then he discovered he had wealth, aud then ho dis covered that he had a heart. (Applause.) Away up in tho valley of the Susquehanna ho dis covered Mr. Beaver, and then at scranton he found Mr. Scranton. He also made discoveries In New York aud New Jersey, and in other places. There never was anything like it before, and the gold and the silver have been poured into his hands. Now let mo say that we love our rresiaent ana Honor him as no deserves. Perhaps I ought to say something in reference to the scientific department. While we have not abated one iota in our classicul course, we have a very good scientillc course. It is very true that the old course must bring up tho new, and we may truthfully say, ou tho oilier hand, that the. new course must bring up the old. Wo are determined that tho students sliull enjoy as much time in the scientific department as iu the classical department. He then referred iu ap propriate terms to tho absence of Dr. Cattell from his accustomed place for a year, and also commented upon the pleasant fellowship he had enjoyed with him. He concluded by wishing him good health, success, happiness, and tho blessing 0( (iod duriug his absence in Europe. ''The hoard of Examluers" were then toasted, and AMibd Welch, Esq., responded.. He said the only pursuits in civil life which it was thought proper, some time ago, for edu cattid men to follow, were those professions whioU wro represented hero to-night, viz.; the law, theology, and medicine, but, lately others have sprung up. Kailronrts and stoam9nips are assimilating the races of mankind, and are breaking down tho barriers of mankind. For Instance, go upon the continent, ana you win find that railroads have sprung up everywhere and civilization is making a highway over which Christianity may pass. This new power is en gaging the attention of society. Tho laborer who spent ten nours or ins tuno in idleness, is now spending that time in using his brains, and ho is becoming a thinking man rather than a I mcro machine. Now the Anglo-Saxon raeo is fast progressing in this direction. For all this we are indebted first and mainly to tho man of science who discovered and made known tho laws ol nature; but we must not forget tho mechanic who has made known all he was capa ble of. The railroads of tho United States con stitute about a twelfth or a fifteenth part of the wealth of the country. These railroads are principally in clinrge of this class of people, educated mechanics. Such being the Important position of this engineering class, It was well and nobly done on the part of my old colleague that such a branch of seienco sliould be early taught at Lafayette College. I could add nothlug to anything that I could say to the honor already heaped upon my old friend. I shall always be proud through the whole of my life for having known such a gentleman. The next toast, "The Alumni of the College,' was to have been responded to by Judge Porter, but he was prevented from being present. He, however, sent a letter conveying his good wishes to Dr. Cattell for his safe journey, and regretting his unavoidable absence. "Our State" was the next toast, and responded to by Chief Justice Thompson, who was much cheered. He said he was very much obliged to his friends for their kind greeting upon his rising, but he did not nuthorizc the President to put him down for a speech on this delightful occa sion. It was too late to make a speech; and after what had been so ably said by tho eminent gen tlemen who had preceded him, all tho conceit which he had in reference to speech-making had been taken out of him. He referred to his early school days, and gave a description of the school house, with its glazed paper for glass windows; and he stated that his schoolmaster was in tho habit of producing n large bundle of rods di rectly the school was opened, which ho kept within an easy distance of his arm. He spoke of the first stimulus given to tho educational system by the State Legislature, and said he remembered very well that good old man, Mr. Junkin, coming to Harrisburg to solicit aid for Lafayette College, which was granted, lie was very glad to hear of the excellent endow ment which had, been made to this college, and he snld unless such things took place the Pro fessors fell off, their salaries not being sufficient to support them. He was much pleased to hear so favorable an account of Lafayette College, and the thing that gave him greatest satisfac tion was that a Professorship of the English language had been established. "The Clerical Profession" was next toasted, and responded to by Kev. Herriek Johnson. He said lie was delighted to hear from the President that Christianity was to be impressed upon the students, and that it was to be the handmaid of study, in fact, the queen regent of it. He referred to Wycliffe and Luther, whoso help in the translation of languages, he said, was well known. The three great languages in the world owe a great debt to the pulpit. The motto with which Harvard College was formed was "2'ro Chrixto erclrstia," but we think it has fallen far short of such an inscription. He said out of 5110 clergymen whose lives are recorded in Sprague's History of the American Pulpit, 536 were college read, and lie ueucved that more than half of the students of Lafavette College have entered the ministry. (Applause.) The Hon. William Strong, LL. D., responded to tne toast, "ine L,egaf rroiession. Alter wincn -ine .vieuicni rrotession ' was toasted, and responded to by Professor Samuel D. Gross, who was loudlv eheeri'il. The last toast, "The Educational Interests of Our Country,' was responded to by the Hon. iienry carnara, ll,. i., united States Commis sioner of Education. He referred to the vast number of the popula tion of America who could not, at the present uiue, even rcau tne constitution, ite knew ot tne vafuable Information which Dr. Cattell will receive during his journey, and of how beneficial it win prove to him hereafter. He then touched briefly upon the public school system now in vogue in Prussia, and mentioned quite a number of institutions which Dr. Cattell would visit during his absence from this country, and ex pressed the hope that the results of his investi gations would be given in a permanent form, so that other Colleges besides Lafayette might share in their value. He was of the opinion that every human being should be educated up to the highest possible degree which their surrounding circumstances would aumitot. (Applause.) The benediction was then pronounced bv Rev Dr. March, and the friendly gathering ended. STANDARD SCALES. FAIRBANKS' SCALES THE STANDARD! The Demand for them Greater Than Ever. CHEAPER THAN ANY OTOER SCALE IN THE .WOULD OF EUAL SIZE AND STRENGTH, AND MORE GENERALLY IN USE. Hay Kcule , Track Scale, Depot HcalcK, lMatlbrm Ncalctf, Counter Scale, i:vi:itv TAKIETY. WAREHOUSE TRUCKS Ol' all liimlM. ISnUliviii'tf latcnt Alarm .Money Drawer. For sale, wholesale and retail. FAIRBANKS & EWING, Mo. 715 CHESNUT Street, PHILADELPHIA. . Scales of all kinds repaired and put In perfect weighing order. 4 26 intus3t4p LARZELERE & BUCHEY, CiibIoiii House Rrohcr. and Notaries Public No. 405 LIBRARY STREET. ALL CUSTOM IIOUSE BUSINESS TRAN3AC PASSPORTS PROCURED. -yy IRE GUARDS, FOR STORE FRONTS ASYLUMS, FAC TORIES, ETC. Tatent Wire Railing, Iron Bedsteads, Ornamental W ire Work, Taper-makers Wires, and every variety of Wire Work, manufactured by M. WALKER & SONS, afmw No- H N. SIXTH Street CALL AT AYRE'S SHIRT DEPOT, NO. 58 N. blXTH lit ret) t, below A rub, aud get m. of hi. IMPROVED SHOULDER fciKAM PATTERN SHIKT8, wliiuh tunu" I"her ttirtt for neatnewof fit on th breut cixuITt iu tlio nock, lu) eiute ou lUe nhoulilar. AUol Tiw. Btaru, Ww, talove., JUuuory, to., to., vt4. SuiwvS FINANOIAL. 4,600,000 SEVEN PER CENT. GOLD BONDS, THIRTY YEARS TO HUN, ISSCKD BT TBI Lake Superior and Mississippi River Hailroad Companij. THEY ARE A FII18T MORTGAGE SINKING FUND BOND, FREE OF UNITED STATES TAX, SE CURED BY ONE MILLION SIX HUNDRED AND THIRTY-TWO THOUSAND ACRES OF CHOICE LANDS, And by the Railroad, IU Rolling Stock, and the Fran chises of the Company. A DOUBLE SECURITY AND FIRST-CLASS IN VESTMENT IN EVERY RESPECT, Yielding In Currency nearly Ten Per Cent. Per Annum. Gold, Government Bonds and other Stocks received In payment at their highest market price. Pamphlets and full information given on applica tion to JAY COOKE & CO., NO. 114 S. THIRD STREET, E. W. CLARK & CO., NO. 35 S. THIRD STREET, Fiscal Agents of the Lake Superior and Mississippi River Railroad Company. 8 10 60t4p Union Pacific Railroad FIRST MORTGAGE BONDS Ilotiglit and Sold at Itest Market lrlce. These Bonds pay SIX PER CENT. INTEREST IN GOLD. PRINCIPAL also payable in GOLD. Full Information cheerfully furnished. The road will be completed in TEN (10) DAYS, and trains run through in TWENTY-FIVE (25) DAYS. DE HAVEN & BRO.f Dealers in Government Securities, Gold, Etc, NO. 40 SOUTH THIRD STREET, 4 9 lm PHILADELPHIA. GLEMMG, DAVIS & CO NO. 48 SOUTH THIRD STREET, PHILADELPHIA. GLEMNHING, DAVIS & AMORT NO. 2 NASSAU STREET, NEW YORK, BANKERS AND BROKERS. Direct telegraphic communication with the New York Stock Boards from tho Philadelphia Office. H CITY WA REANTS BOUGHT AND SOLD. C. T. YERKES, Jr., & CO., Ho. 20 South THIRD Street, 4 S PHILADELPHIA. B ANKINO HOUSE or JAY COOKE & CO., Nos. 112 and 114 South THIRD Street, PHILADELPHIA. Dealers In all Government Securities. Old 6-208 Wanted in Exchange tor New. A Liberal Difference allowed. Compound Interest Notes Wanted. Interest Allowed on Deposits. COLLECTIONS MADE. STOCKS bought and sold on Commission. Special business accommodations reserved for ladles. We will receive applications for Policies of Life Insurance In the National Life Insurance Company of the United States. Pull information given at our office. 4 i 8m LED YAR D & BARLOW HAVE REMOVED THEIR LAW AND COLLECTION OFFICE TO No. 10 South THIRD Street, PHILADELPHIA, And will continue to give careful attention to collect ingand securing CLAIMS throughout the United States, British Provinces, and Europe. Sight Drafts and Maturing Paper collected at Bankers'iRates. 1 28 6m SiTO RANDOLPH & BANKERS, Philadelphia nud IVew York. DEALERS IN UNITED STATES BOND8, and MEM BERS OP STOCK AND GOLD EXCHANGE, Receive Accounts of Ban"? and Bankers on Liberal Terms. ISSUE Bit; 3 OF EXCHANGE ON C. J. HAMBRO & SON, London, B. METZLER, 8. SOHN CO., Frankfort. JAMES W. TUCKER & CO., Paris. And Other Principal Cities, and Letters ot Credl AvallaU Throughout Europe. FINANOIAL. E. . W. CLARK & CO., No. 35 South THIRD Street, P II I I. A II K I, P it i A. DFALFRS tN Government Securities, Stock, Gold and Note Brokers. Aooount. of Ranks, Firm., nd fndiriifiiil. rocolrpd, lubjeot to chock it ilit. INTEREST ALLOWFD OH BALANCES. GENERAL AGENTS FOR PENNSYLVANIA AND SOUTHERN NEW JERSEY OP TUB NATIONAL LIFE INSURANCE CO. or TUB UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. THE NATIONAL LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY ft corporation chartered bjr tpecUl Act of Coax re M. ap proved July 25, 1868, with a CASH CAPITAL OF 91,000,000, Fl'IX PAID. Liberal terms offered to Asenta and Solicitors trim .r. Invited to apply at our offloe. Full partioulara to be had on application at our olflca, located In the second story of our Banking House, where Circulars and Pamphlets, full dnncriliin. tha A offered by the Company, may be had. , i:. XV. CLAUK & CO., 8 8 ftu. No. 35 South THIRD Street. B. K. JAMISON & CO., SUCCESSORS TO I. JT. KELLY & CO., BANKERS AND DEALERS IN GclJ, Silver, ai Gwient Bonis, AT OLOSEST MARKET RATES. N.W. Corner THIRD and CHESNUT Sts Special attention given to COMMISSION ORDERS In New York and and PlifladelpUla Stock Boards, etc etc 8 It 8m HENRY G. G0WEN, OLate of Cochran, Govven cfc Co.), BANKER AND BROKER, No TIII11D Street, PHILADELPHIA. Stocks and Bonds Bought and Sold on Commission in Philadelphia and New York. Gold and Government Securities dealt In New York quotations by Telegraph constantly re ceived. COLLECTIONS made on all accessible point. INTEREST aUowed on deposits. 8 30 lm pm S. PETERSON & CO., Stock and Exchange Brokers, No. 39 South THIRD Street. Members of the New York and Philadelphia Stock and Gold Boards. STOCKS, BONDS, Etc, bought and sold on com mission only at either city. Vs-. WINES. HER MAJESTY CHAMPAGNE. DUNTON & LUSSON, 219 SOUTH FE0I7T ST. THE ATTENTION OF THE TRAE IS solicited to the following very Choice Wines, io., (or sale by DUNTON A LUSSOIf, 313 SOUTH FRONT STREET. CHAMPAGNES. Agents fnr Her Majesty. Doe de MoB tebello.Garte Bleue.Carte Blanche, and Unas. Farre's Grand Vin Kuitenie and Vin Imperial. M. Kleeman A Co., of liny en oe, Hparklins Moselle and RHINE WINKS. MA1K1HAH.-Uld Island, Koutki Side Reserve. 611KRKIKH.-P. Rudulpbe, AasontiUado, Topaz, Val letta, Pale and Gulden liar. Crown, te. PORTS. Vinho Velho Real, ValluM. and Crown. OLAHKT8. Promis Aine A Cie., MooUerrand and Bor deaux, Cturets and Kauterne Wines. GIN. "Meder Swan." BRAND1KS. Hennessey, OUrd, Dupcy rioos vintage. & yy I N E & . Jost arrived, per "Favour," a cargo of LOUlfl'KOES TER'S Celebrated Burgundy Ports and other Wines and Sherries, From the Spanish bouse of MULLER, BONSAM A BA, COB, for sale from wharf by the Importers. WALDEN, KOEIIN & CO., sSM6t No. am Routh FRONT Street. GROCERIES AND PROVISIONS. P RES II FRUIT IN OAKS. PEACHES, PINEAPPLES, ETC., GREEN CORN, TOMATOES. FRENCH PEAS, MI SUHOQM9, ASPARAGUS, ETC. ETC. ALBERT 0. ROBERTS, Dealer In Fine Groceries, 11 Tirp CtT. ELEVENTH and VINE Streets. JJICHAEL MEAGHER & CO.", No. B2S South SIXTEENTH Street, Wholesale aud Retail Dealers la PROVISIONS, OYSTERS, AND SAND CLAMS, n.r, w .?- FAMILY USB. MEDICAL.. 1LLS OR H EMOKUHOIDAL TUMORS All klnri. rtprf.w-ttw a,. ... ... . . r...w..j uuu iui juaiiu uu v curea, wiuujut, rutin flMllf7l i.n ti.l.ia t -- . . . ., ot,WOl ur iimirumiTiis, Dy w. a. MCCANDLESS, M. D., No. 1W0 KPRINU GARDEN Street. We cau refer you to over a thousand ot tha best citizens of Philadelphia cured. K'ven at our omce. S sm D1 ,K. KINKELIN, AFTEIt A RESIDENCE "u P" oi tuirty years at th. NortiiwesC oornec S'i ir2lJ .Union street, bus laUdy niiiel to boutU Vr 1 11 "t't. between !aikt and tJiieuiut. His superiority In the prompt and parfont cure of all epeuial uaiure. is proverbial. Dueaaea ot the skiu, aniieariuir f onndrod different forms, totally erdu:ntd; menial and ptiyial waukuena aud all nervous dubilitiHS aoientitiuallf stiooeselully treated. Olhoe hours fiou A. Al. to W. r ii n )uiuiiiut;uHw " - - m