Newspaper Page Text
THE DAILY EVENING TELEORAm FHILADELriHA, WEDNESDAY, JUNE 2, 1869. HTERATUHD. REVIEW O F N E H BOOKS. From Cluxton, lU'inften fc 1 1. ifto finder wc Imrc received "The WcddinR Tiny In all Ai;cs and Countries," by Edward J. Wood. This is a cry complete, very Interesting, and very amus ing dissertation on the marriage ceremonies and custOYns in all rjjos and among all natiouB. The " . author has made a very thorough Investigation of his subject, and the book is f$ of curious Information, which makes It very pleasant reading. Wc give n few extracts as samples of the kook: "The Copts, an Egyptian ra-'fl, who were sernt. Christians, hml th! following marring; custom in the seventeenth century. On the wcdit!n day tins bride cariu! to the husband's houso, and then they both with their relations Hint friends, went to church. The procession, which jrenerally started in th evonintf, was accompanied by Hinders, who chanted hymns, men whJ struck little talilet.s of rbonv wlfh wooden hammers for music, and oth -rs who carried lighted torches and candles. On reach na the church, the liride(?rooiii, together with the other men, was seated in the choir; mid ths lrido was placed apurt with the women. 'J'lie pr.e.sls at Intervals, accoinpaiiled hy thu peoplu, reclteil lengthy and monotonous prayers and hymns. Then t he chief priest approached the brldi'ttroom, and read several nioro prayrs to him, and s.gned li!m wtltitlm crohs at the tx'frliinliiK and end of each. The bridegroom then sat down on tne pround with his face towards the Fast, and a silver crois was held over his head until the reiiiainiiif; prayers were concluded. The sacristan then placed a seat, for the bride and one of her nearest relations outside tlui choir, and led her to it. lie then robed the bride- ?Tiom in a long white (larment reaching down to liis cet. bound his waist with a girdle, and put a white cloth npou his head. Thus attired, he was led to the bride, and the priest, placing them close to cae.li other, covered both with the same cloth, and anointed their foreheads and wrisls with oil. He then joined their rltrlit hands, and read aloud t he iutlm ol their new life. Mori; prayers followed, and alter mass, in which tho couple communicated, the ceremony was at an end. A Copt priest at the pie weiit day Is forbidden to marry again ou thy deal h of his wife. "The Muhomertan Copts kill a sheep as soon as the bride enters the bridegroom's house, and she is obliged to step over the blood, which is made to How upon the threshold of the door." "The ancient Persians, irom a notion that married people were peculiarly happy in the future state, used to hire persons to be espoused to such of their relations as had died in celibacy. In fact, llvinu people were married to the dead. The Persians con sidered a numerous posterity to be a gilt from heaver, and thu fathers of large families received rewards from the State They had many wives and concubines, and. according to some authors, the grandees married their nearest female relations. In the seventeenth century tho nobility might have as many wives as they pleased; but the commonalty were limited to seveu; and they might part with them at discretion. "When a Persian made love ie sometimes burned himself on a visible part, in order to prove his faith fulness to his mistress, who, if she accepted him, jrave him silken sears to bind up. his wounds. On the wedding day of a wealthy man his relations and friends met, at his house, the noarest of them being dressed in his livery, and the rest as well as they could be. The bride started from her house on horse back, accompanied by her relations and friends, all mounted, with many slugeU in front. The l.riiie groom also left his house in similar style; and the two companies having mot, they a I went together to the bride's house, where they danced. At ninht two men conducted the bridegroom into tho bride's chamber, and the couple were left together; the company in the meantime continuing their ball. About midnight an old woman brought to the com pany some evidence of tho bride's purity, an 1 then great rejoicing followed. Put if such evidence could not he produced, the old woman took the bride from the bed; and the bridegroom rejected her in tne presence of tho company, uud sent lier home by her parents. "In more modern times matrimony in Pers'awas so expensive an aif.ilr, that. th meaner chins of the people took concubines instead of wives. Tri Ma liomedans In that country t ok wives in one of three ways; namely, by purchase, hire, or marriage. Of the espoused wives, four were allowed, but in general only one was taken. Marri tga contracts were made by parents for their children when the latter were at a very early age girla at twelve, and boys between twelve and fourteen. Frequently the man married ly proxy, and did not see his wne until alter eon- Kutnination, wincn sometimes aid not take place . until several days after the wile had been at her husband's house. Generally the husband and wile were strangers to eicjli other uoti! thoy were aeUialiy pledged In matrimony. "The courtship commenced by an elderly fema'e being employed by the bridegroom's relations to visit the lady selected by them; and her olllee was to as certain the maiden's personal attractions ami endow ments, and other requisite information. If the report was favorable, the lnends of the Intended husband sent sponsors to the lady's relations to exolain Ins merit and pretensions, and to make a formal oiler of marriage. If ho was ace jpted, the chlels of the two families met, and the necessary contract was drawn up; the presents and gills proposed by the bridegroom's parents were arranged ; and when n'l was finally settVd, the documents were signed and witnessed before the Cadi. iSouietimes tho marriage, broker was a man who lived by the profession of iiiatch-makmg. , "On the duy before the wedding, the bride took a bath; am) the bridegroom Heat iter soma Ik-ium, with which after her bath her hands and feet were stained. Iler eyebrows and forehead also were tinted with a powder. The bridegroom was colored in the Hame way with henna. On tho eve of the nuptial celebration, the bride's friends assembled at her house, attended by musicians and dauclng-glrls. On the morning of tne wedding day the husband sent a train of mules, laden with the promised gilts, to his bride; tne whole being attended by numerous ser vants, and preceded by music, besides tho presents for the lady, the servants carried noli viands on silver trays, ready nrenared to be immediately nlaced be fore the inmates of the bride's house. Tho day was spent by them in leastlng and rejoicing. "Towards the evening the maiden was enveloped in a long veil of scarlet or crimson silk, placed upon ahorse or mule splendidly caparisoned, and con ducted to her husband's house, accompanied by all her relations and a noisy band of musicians. Ou the way, a large looktng-glass was held before her by one of her maidens, as an admonition that that was the last time she would see herself as a virgin. When she had alighted at her husband's door, she was met by tils father and mother, and lee', by her female rela tions and servants to her apartment, Iler mile friends repaired to the bridegroom's rooms, where, beiug met by his relations, all of them feasted and made merry, with musical accompaniments. The men and women supped separately. When the meal was ended, the bride waa condjeted to the nuptial chamber, where her husband met her and lieheld her for the first time. Shortly afterwards he returned to his party, and an old woman in waiting led the lady baok to tier female friends. A space of time being allowed for botii sots of relations to congratu late the couple on their marriage and Its consumma tion, the couple repaired again to their chamber lor the night, leaving their friends to keep up the revelry, which lasted several days. "Tlie marriage con'ract stipulated lor the settle ment of a certain sum of money and other present h n tho bride, proportionate to the fortune ol the bridegroom. This Jointure was Intended for her sup port in case of a divorce. If t ie bridegroom was In medium circumstances he gave his bride two com plete dresses, a ring, and a mirror; he also supplied Uic furniture, carpets, mats, culinary utensils, and other necessaries lor their home. It was deemed tlie greatest possible disgrace to take baok au ailianced bride after she had loft her home to go to the bride groom's house. When, therefore, tho latter had promised a jointure beyond his means, he shut his toor against the bride's cavalcade, and declared that lie would not have her Unless tne jointure would lie reduced. A negotiation took place between the par ties, and the matter was ilna'ly adjusted aczording to his wishes, to save the scandal or taking back the maiden. "Another marriage custom with the Persians was for the parties to meet at midnight on a bed in the presence of two sponsors, who held rice in their bands as an emblem of fruitfuluess. Tho sponsor for the man, touching the woman's forehead, asked her If she would have tne man; and the sponsor for the woman performed tlie sauie ceremony to the man. The hunrin of the parties were then joined, the rice was scattered over them, aud prayers for their fruit fulness were offered. "The archieology of marriage In India is curious, and the nuptial contract there Is entered into with many ceremonies. According to Hindu legend, hvemkete abolished promiscuous intercourse, anil instituted marriage. By the Hindu laws a- girl may be married at eight years of age, or .even earlier; and, if her father fail to give her a husband for throe .years after she is capable of being a parent, she is at liberty to choose one for herself. Tho parties to Indian marriages are usually chlldreu under ten years of age. These promuturo unions, instead of producing attachment, often cause early and lasting disagreements. "Men may marry women of the class ijftow them, tint on no account of those superior to their own. A wan mm not marry within six known degrees of relationship, nor with any woman whoso family name, being the same as his own, shows her to bo of the same ratio as himself. The marriage of eouais is most recommended, lor tho first wile aM.'asf tuat of BraliiuUi with a Budja-ihut is, one V the ' st. or servile cIkro Is rtist.nu raged; and, as a tir-t oc, it is positively torbidrlen. Marriage Is indlsuoi i ble, ami the parties are bound to preserve mutual fidelity. , , "From the few cases hep-after Sp.-efiled, in which the husband may tjie a second wlfe.lt mny bo lot fcrrcd, cays Jtlphlnstonc, in his 'HiHtory of India,' from v horn In part we gather these points of Hindu law, that with these exceptions lie must have only one wife; but the marriage of widows h discouraged, If not prohibited, except In the case of Madras. A wife who is barren for eight years, or she who has produix-d no male children in eleven, may be sup ;r Feded by another wife It appears, notwithstanding this expression, that the first wife married retains the highest rank in the family. Drunl.en and Im moral wives, those who bearmnbee to their hus bands, or are guilty of very great cxtravag nee, may also be superseded. A wile who leaves her hus band's house, or neglect 1,1,1, f,,r a twclvemoun, without, a caiiM', may be deserted altogether. A nun poing abroad must leave a provision for his wiie. j v. in: m iiiiiiiiii 10 u.ii ior hit aoseni rrisbaiui ror eight years. If lie be pom on religious duty ; six. If In pursuit ol knowledge or fani"; ami three, if for pi Hsure only. The r. "tico i allowing a man to iHlse up issue to his bro: her. if be died without chil dren, or even il, alihouu still alive, behave no hopes of progeny, is reprobated, except, for Sudr.is, or in case of a widow who I ns lost her hu-oaiid btore Cf nsnmmatlon. "Six foi nis of mariiiii'o are recognized as lawful. Of these, tour only are n. lowed to linilimins, which, although iliii.-nim in in mite particulars, ad agree ,,, iiiM-lmg that the latlici shut I give away Ins daij-hter v ithcut receiving u pric. The remaining two loi ms an-permitted to !, Military emus alone, md are abundantly libera!, i v. mi with that limitation. One Is v. Vd, a soldier carrh s oil' a woman alt- r a victory, and i spousi her ncattist herwib; and the oUn-'r, when coiiMiiniiuitton iaj.es place by mutual omen;, without any lormal o remnny whatever. In the 'li.stituii-ij t . ,,.,irriage by capture is ii,ri tlt.ne.l as one of me j,ir i.s of the nuptial ceremony used by the tour -... es in India. t Is called I':vsli:'ii , and N oc. ,-ibed as 'ifie seizure of u maiden by f"rec fr in -r bonne, while she weeps ami calls lor ii-m-ii. e, alter her kinsmen an I fneiiiis have been slu, n n battle or wounded, and their henscs broken d.. ,,.' J tie 1 rm ol capture is sli., in use among tlie li'udus, and in fact tt is pn MYi'.ed pi n m!'.rrii!'.'e -ri -runny in the 'Sutras,' in which It. is t rovldcd. tmt At a certain important stiii'c of the rites, a MT" ig man and the bridegroom tdiall fcrcibly draw tie- oride, and make her s!t down on a red ox skin. "Two hoi ts ol innr.i. ge are forbidden; namely. When the lather rcce ves a nuptial present; and when the woman, fron, .ntoxicition or other cause, ha- been incapable of j iving a real consent, to the union. The prohibition, po oifen repeated in Menu, against the receipt b;, tlie bride's father of any pre sent irom the In Idegroom, is now more strictly ob served than It was in hi" time. Tile point of honor in this respect is carried so fur, that, it Is reckoned disgraceful to receive toy assistance in alter lile from a son-in-law or b, i. hcr-iu-law. "it is indispensable I'uit, the bridegroom should come to the house ol t!:e father-in-law to sue for the bride, and the marriage must be performed there. At the visit of the sua the ancient, modes of hos pitality arc maintained, according to a prescribed form. The sort, ol rn'-i rainmeiit still appears in Ihe production ol a cow to be killed for the feast ; but the suitor now intercedes lor her life, and she is turned loose at. his reipiest. In tlie c-iso of princes, where the bride comes irom another country, a tem porary building Is erected with great m.ig'ndlcence and expense, us a h ai-e for the bride s father; and in all cases the procession in which the bride is taken home alter the marriage Is as showv as the parties call ail'ord. I , i Uniigal these processions are particularly sumptuous, and marriages there have noon kitowu to cos; ,u s ot rupi s." From the sail'.'- house we have received The 1 Indue flbb; or. It.i'y in 1 .7.l." by .Tames de Ville. Tills, lively scries ot sketches was orii.',m.ii.y published in llarnr. Majm'itr, wh-jvc they uitracted considerable attention, and there are doubtless i.i.uiy persons who will be pleased to repei'iiso tliem in their collected form. rrora Turner lb-others A: Co. wc have re ceived "Contributions to the Border Minstrelsy ntid lialliida, by S,r Waiter Scott, being; the fourth volume id (be Edinburgh edition of Scott's works. This is a cheap,. elegant, and complete edition ol S r Walter fSi ott's poetic.il writings, which will consist of five volumes, and give all his poo , is, dramas, etc., with tl.e original introduction and va.lua.blo notes. 'J'he Kime house sends us the second monthly part of Applet",,'.- innn', and "Apiih-fon's K.ilhvay aud Swum N..vipitiou tiuiilc" tor .Tune, lbO'J. Tho. Lit Of C'orM.e, 5fiirJr.no, published by Alfred L. ghewel' : Co.. Cli-Vago. II!., lias an at'i'iiCtive table o! cutouts, as usual. Grace Greenwood has sold her Liilii- fjrim to the publislic s ot thin magazine, and it will hereatter be issued in conjunction with the J.it'lo Corporal. fraee Greenwood, however, will continue to write lor it ns lier tub-a-. From Turner Brother, it Co. wc h ive re ceived "Vill.i Eden.' by lloi'tliold Aucib.'uli, Part li, translated by Charles C. ttlinek ford, and 'The, Virginians," by VV. M. Thackeray, both of wlibdi -ire low !;. -d paper cover editions, primed on lo.k! paper wii.ii clear type. Cluxton, Keniseu & IJaffclbngcr send us the lourth and coin-Hidlnji part ot Ancrb.icli's "Vilbi or ;hc liliine" (p. -.per edition), and the second bound ol imc o: tit'- same work, which com pletes it In it neat an.! attractive style lor the library. This is one of the most fascinating works ol fiction o: the (ley; it has already gained n largo circle, ot readers, and has greatly cnl.eiiccd the author's reputation in I'nl.s country, and we art stiie '.hi. J. the more it is road the better it will bo appr elated, no loss for its pure and griccfiil style t, .u: !. the interest ot tlie narrative. FASHIONS. I'lt'fit y.eii'. The newest atitl most elegant spring dresses are trimmed wH.i cvcral narrow ('ounces, pinked. This style is much the best tor short skirls, which reipi'ro to be made scanty, and are prcatiy improved by iiaving many narrow, in stead "of one broa.l flounce. The ' Sultiiiie Anglaisc,'' striped nn.l chiucc, or th same ma terial shot In two co ors grey mid ripe corn, violet and green, tre-en and' inulc, rose-color and grey, being; some of the lavorilo mixtures is much used, triinii.t d with flounces of pinked silk of one ol the suades. The new japonaise. siik and the celeste empire arc also very fash ionable, tho former having all this richness in appearance of gros-j; ain poult de soic, with the durability ol a tail and the great advantage oi not crumpling. Tic: celeste empire is between n foulard and China, crape, which gives it a silvery appearance, and has u ehurmiug eltoi t with colors such us turquoise blue, primrose, lilas do Perse, roso-enior, and a soft greou. l'anicr are 6till cry much worn; Cut thu upper skirt, cut rather loni. at tint back, caught up slightly at each side, and made cither round, and not drawn in at the lower edge, or open and pointed, is daily gaining favor, and is certainly much more elegai.t and becoming than the voluminous paniers u loptcd by some. Ajuong the most charming walking-drcs-e, is one tho skirt of will h was ol timpioise l ine, trimmed with six na: row lloiitices. Second skirt of faille modorce. with ruche ot blno up each side. This skirt is raised at the back by the endrt of a gilct mar.Ul.se, which Is made with rovers lined with blue, and edged with a narrow ru die. A costume of tdiot foulard, blue and grey, the lower skirt trimmed with n wldo plaiting, stir mounted by a ruelie of grey lined with blue, the upper ekirt ol grey is trimmed with two flounces of blue, and four largo poults drawn in at the Fides Plain high body, trimmed with a ruche like that on Uie skirt, so as to imitate, a s.iiaro body. Muni. Ho echarpc with a hood, drawn together at tho waist, and fastened at the buck with large bows of blue poult de soic. Tho mnntelle is trimmed with a frill uud ruche to match the ekirt. A ery pretty dinner or visit ing dress of mauve laille, with a long train Kt the bottom ol the sk.i t are two flounces, plaited one of deep mauve, and tho other a lighter color. Above each llounce a bias told, bound with Putin. This trimming ends at the sido under a large how. body u rovers of light mauve with jabots of lace. Long sleeves open up tho back of the arm. Auother dinner dicss of poult do solo lilus d'Fspagne, trimmed up each side with bouil Joijjjcb cf tie same, A bounce ol rich guipure, about a quarter of a yard deep, bended by a bouillon, is placed round the bot tom of the kirl and a second flounce, beginning at the w-ii-a behind the bouillonnes, in carried ronnd the train at the back, so as to fall 'a little over tho bouillon. Body open to tho waist in front and trimmed with lace. Long sleeves, open up the back of the arm. ChornisoUc of luce A third of shot silk grey and male, trimmed round the skirt with boulllonno and two narrow pinked flounces, one at each edge. Upper skirt of the same silk, making n short square t.iblier in front, where it ends under two lone pnns trimmed with a narrow bouillonnc edged with pinked frills. Tho back of this okirt is open to the waist, and forms two long points, the whole trimmed to match the rest of the dress Hilk nish, fastened at tho back with large' bows This dress may be made much more elegant by tne Fiiiiptittition oi lace for the flniinces. and n mtin or crnpe bouillonnc. B-eteliesof silk laee and high body of black or white tulic, complete the elegant costume. For ball dress, a robe of white foulard, with satin ftripes. The lower skirt, with a long train is trimmed with forr thinners, cut crdssway' headed by a band of white satin, edged with ponceau, and trimmed w ith small rosettes oi white blonde, with centres of ponceau satin. Punier skirt of foulard, drawn up at each side under large bows ot ponceau satin, and trimmed witli two thinners; the heading to match tho lower hkirt. Low body, trimmed with a tu rtle repeating the trimming on the sklrtx. ' Kobe of pink tulle, composed entirely of nar row flounces edged w ith satin, with a long skirl of tulle entirely covering it, and drawn up at one side by u long wreath ot snow-t crr.es. C-orselot of pink satin, with a berth! of pink tulle, and a small wreath of snow-berries. !-'kirt of white silk, trimmed with narrow trills of blue crape placed mi ns to touch each othci; this trimming is carried a quarter of a yard up tint skirt, and above it is a wreath ol roses with leaves mixed with bows of blm; satin. Aoove this is another set of frills, about two-thirds the width ol those below. Upper skirt of crape, very short in the front, and quite long at the back, trimmed with a frill of crape headed by a bouillonnc of the same, and bouquet ot roses and satin bows alternately. Low Pody. trimmed with a trill of crapf uiid very lino" wreath of roses. Hash of sntiu, tied in long loops at the hack. Fancy tind plain straws are coming into favor. fcoinofinicK it is a diadem of straw, trimmed with ribbons and lace; but the stvle most in favor is a very small f.inchoii of straw, bound at each edge with velvet or satin, and ulmost cov ered with a large bouquet of (lowers. Thus a chapcau "Floriau" ol tine straw bound with black velvet trimmed with a large bouquet on the top of field tlowcrs mixed with lino grass. Brides of blaclt lace fastened by a small bouquet. A diadem of "il.iry Mimrt" oi lace straw, sur mounted by wreath of blue ribbon bows. Across the diadem is a coquille of black lace mixed with coin-flowers and wheat-ears. Across the top ol the chignon is a frill of the straw mixed with ends of ribbon, rather king. Brides of black or white blonde fastened by a bouquet of corn-llowcrs. Chape-ail "Itiiper.itriee." A diadem of rice straw, bound with green velvet, trimmed with branches oi white life- f.illiii': ou ei.-li side, nod one very long, like a Hat teath'-r uc-o-s the chignon. A scart of Malines lace forms the strings, which arc fastened at the .-idc bv a bouquet of lilac. A bandeau of rice straw, entirely covered with rose leaves ami small green bud. At the side is placed a rose, and two long widths of buds and leaves are carried down tlie scarf of black tulle. Chapcau caniargo. made with double rovers of finey straw, disposed en buichon: the rovers lined witli violet velvet. A poult of white lace, in the centre of winch is a lar-c heart's-ease. placed between the rovers. The ,vr is carried across the back oi the lam lion, and fastened by seeond heart's-eu' under the cliignoo. Diadeinc marquise" of blue tulle, verv lull. and mixed with bows of blue, satin ribbon. A rouleau ol blue satin around each edge. At tin; side a bouquet of white daisies, surroui.ded by a small gold butterfly. 1 he poult of black lace; serving as a support. to a nest formed ol heath, moss b-aves. and m'n'ature wild llowe.rs, such a-, bluebells, dai-ics, forget-me-nots, and lilie of-t!ie-'.alley. in the midst of which is placed a very small humming bird, as if in the act. of tly'ng from the ties;. Strings of blonde, fastened " by a bow ol I'i.e k satin. 'Flu I:ii-iimi P;irjnlt'. A Paris correspondent writes; "We get pcoe Irom nil parts ol the globe, who too oiten lal. in love witli I'aris and do not like to go home ng iin. I was calling lately on a Peruvian family. Tim mother is one of those grand t'panisl; beamios, willi big eyes and pale complexion, and tho I.iini.i.ir ligui'c that gels vciy full am! round ut thirty, felie tells me thai, she is savagely ordered home bv her husband immediately. Mie has put, oft her return already for six liiouths byjdci hiring that tin- dentist said he could not complete tin; restoration ol her teeth in less time. Beiore that one ot the children was ill. 'And what arc von going to do now, mtulatoc Y said 1. She looked at uie smilingly 'Why i shall be ill myscli, of course; my doctor has offered to write; what I like to my husband.' Some of her Brilannic Majesty's subjects admire Paris so much because "they do not like London.' You may get to like Paris lor a home for so many and such queer reasons. I have a friend who declares that he lives in Pari6 because he can pass half the day uudcr cover in tho pas sages and arcades. I wo ladies 1 know live here because we have divorce courts. There must bo resources also in Paris peculiar resources. There is Major ; we all remember him lounging about the pier at Boulogne-sur-Mcr in seedy clothes, lie is here driving a magnificent phirton in the Bois de Boulogne, and wearing foreign orders. Nothing, he says, will ever in duce him to leave Paris again. We have one or two of the richest ot the Uussiun army among us, who pationi.e music and the drama by protecting- artistes. Wc have the Spanish emigrants declaring they prefer Paris to Madrid. It lias always puzzled mo why King Victor Kmaiiuel does not eomo to Paris. He is fond of horses and races and soldiering. Well, we have le sport' lor him. too, and he is notoriously a sportsman, lie would not come when we de moralized so many sovereigns and primes at tho time of the Universal Exhibition, and he will no; come away, we hear, although invited byhli daughter to do so, and put up at the Palais lioyal. King Victor Emanuel, the Pope, and tho Emperor of China are the three people we wan; particularly to get hold of. I am quite sure th.i;. if' the roval princes now among us would mui 1 them their diary in Paris, those illustrious ,- sonages would no longer neglect us.'' j Slow licsii-iMw IMctf. 'flic Newark ('auriir says: We are informed by a prominent lawyer ol this city ihai. whiio sojourning in Amboy last night lie passed a pleasant hour in company with a tormor Kcijel i ollicer, who was attached to b tone wall Jackson s ' division of the Confederate army during the war, and who related au interesting reminis cence of the death of General Kearney, of which sad event ho was an eye-witness. "Tlie gallant Kearney," he said, "received his death wound ' from a private under my command, aud when I ho fell, from his horso I hastened, with many ! others, to tho polut where he lay, not supposing j ion woium vi iin inoi iai one. .nisi as we reaeneu his body, however, his limbs gave one convulsive quiver and then all was over. Seeing that ho was a major-general, word was sent to head quarters to that effect, nnd tieueral Jackson coming to the spot immediately gave one glance at the dead officer's features, and exclaimed, My Cod, boys, do you know whom you have killed ? You have killed thu most gallant officer in the United (States urmy. This is Phil. Kear ney, who lost his arm In the Mexican war.' lfe then voluntarily lifted his hat, every ollicer In the group followed his example, anil for a mo ment a reverential silence was observed by all. Subsequently the body of the dead soldier was placed on two boards, and when being removed to headquarters, was followed by tlenoral Jack son, (ieneral Kwell, and other officers, while n regimental baud preceded it playing a dead PAPER HANGINGS. ARD & McKEEVER, if ',.. 1 i 'Vo 1400 CKISNUT Street SXIMIT STYLES. THE FINEST f-TCC K, THE C I IE A3 IT I ilK'E, 5 n inwtfrn THE BEST 'OEXMANSHIP. EJ II A Pi & V A b, PLAIN ANI DECORATIVE PAPER HANGINGS, NO. 251 SOUTH THIEI KT.UEUT, bitween walk ft )n Frr.rrB, - ruiLAMcn-nu. COLNTKY TO. VOUK JPKOIWPTLY ATTENDED 2 18J T OOK! LOOK!! LOOK !!! WALL PAPEK8 ek1 Linen Window Si.mfef) Manufactured, tl eh! wt in tho ci'y. at .lOHNSTON'N l)piot. No. O.'lj SI'H IN) A K III N Ktrret. tipitiw Klnvumli, branch. No. KKDKKAL, Street. Carnd!, NcwJorwf. ? 1!54 REFRIGERATORS. g A V E K Y ' 8 PATENT com nis ed i.;-noo:r Water-Cooler and Hcfrifjcrator. This article hnsatankfnr Ice and water, of iron, ena meled, arranged in am i) a munner as to cool an cnain tli.d iron chamber, both boinfi covered with an ornamental wal nut case; in the chamber, butter, milk, an I oilier irovi niona can bo kept cool and sweet ; tho ice in tho water-t.-ink la not wasted, but, up.lie at all time' cool water for drink inn purposea. all beinu perfectly free from the tto of zinc, or any oilier aubatanee that ran in any way be detriments! to health: and aa thUariicio i intended for tho dininn rmmi, ita atipnrinUinrience is easy and convenient, and it cannot fail to recommend itself to all htiuReKeriiors aa a upelul as well as an ornamental piece of furniture. Nos. 3 and 4 aro set on Ioks and answer the purpusoa oi side tables in dining-rooms. .Wo manufacture fonr size: Nos. 1. 2, 3. and 4 holding respectively 2, 4, tl, and 8 Ballon-!. No. 1 is small, and is smtahlo only for very small fa mi lie., or for milk nnd butter. No. 4 for largo families, boarding ho. lees, etc. JS'os. 2 uud 3 are intermediate fies. I l:ey eun be liad of uny responsible f-.irnishin(r .toro, or of tuo manufacturers, S V I A .. os. m4 nnd tiltj Al AUivT. p Streot, AMI Corner South I HOXTand ItEKP Ktreta. fib'lm "liil.ulelpl.ia. CHOOLEYS NEW PATENT SELF. O YHXTILATIXG A UK It WAX REFRIGER ATOH .. . , ... ... t, k ... , , . T ' IS THE BEST AND ONLY rERKECT SELF VENTILATING rKESEUVEK in tlie WOULD! And will keep sticli articles as VVjretaliles, Fruiw, MeuW Ctiiiiio, KIhIi, Milk. Et'irs. etc. etc.. iont'er. drier, nn,i colder, witli iesu ice, than auj otiier jtviiiLUftiui iiuw in iibe. n. s. PAEinozij ti co., BSwumlm 2.'0 dock ST., PllILADELrillA. FIRE AND BURCLAR PROOF SAFE Jjij C. L. ?I A I S E 11, Hulls! MAxrrACTniEK of lUi FIRE AND BURGLAR-PROOF SAFES, LOC'KbMITH, BKLL-HANiiFR. AND DJEALKK IN IILTLUINU lLsP.UWAKK, 8 6 No. 434 RACE Hlrnnt. SEVERE TEST AND I 11 II.H I'll OF c;i:i:at KAISER'S FIHE-PEOOF SAFES, At Die (rtat Fire and entire desiruv.tion o! the MAMMOTH SKATING RINK, TWENTY-FIRST AND RACE STREETS. . The MA1SRR SAFE used liy Mr. Proskaiier, the Caterer, at the (treat Odd Fellows' Hull, was Uken from the rniiiB the day alter this lire, and opened on the ground, before an iniiiieiiNe crowd of Hpectntoru. NotwithHUudlDK that It had been at a white heat for a lonu time, the contents were found to tie wholly uninjured. The hero has returned to Ijjb coiiij.udioum at KAISER'S SAFE STORE, Where he can lie examinee!. 5 3 rnwHin STOVES, RANCES, ETC. NOTICE. THE UN U ER8I G NeL -a would call the at tention of the public to his TJ, KKW UOI.lJKN KA.I.n t UK SACK. This is an entirely new bcauir. ltHui...n.in-i as to once comineud Hoeli to ffeneral favor, beitiK a eoiulii nation of wroiiKbt and cast iron. It is very kuu pie in ita construction, aud is perfectly air-liicht. aell-luaniiitf. hav. Idk no piues or drums u be taken out. and cle.iuod It ii so arranKed with nurinht tiuos as to produce a larifar amount uf heat from tlie same weight of coal than any fur naco now in uee. The bytaoiuctiio condition of the air at produced by my new arrannemeut of evapomtion will at onoo demonstrate that it is the only Hot Air It uiuacu that will prmluce a perfectly healthy atmosphere. TIioks in want of a complete Heating Apparatus would do well to call and ejamine the (lolden Kavle. CIIAULKS WII.LIAM8, Nos. 1 13 and J lit M A HK K I Street. . . . . . . . Philadelphia, A Iargs asnortment of Cooking Kaneos, Kir,vBoird Stoves, lw ilown (iratea, VeoiUntors, t,tc., aiitays on baud. N. H. Jobbin of all kinds promptly dona ( U. THOMSON'S LONDON KITCHEN iK -4 or Kl'KOFKAN RANUK. for families, hotels or I' publio inntitalions. In TWKNTY UIFtKKK'Vr r Kl.KS. Also. l'lllidoll.h. Ranvna. II... i .. ia.. ences, Portable lleatere, Lovrdown Orates, I'iroboard Htoves, Bath Boilers, Hlow-liole i'iato. Boilers, Cookiui Stoves, eU)., wholesale and retal, by the inanutaeturera. hHARPK A THOMSON, 627wfinHm No. M N. 8KOONH Street. - F U R NITU RE, ETO. JOHN F. FOREPAUOH & SOU, Successors to Richmond 4 Forepangh, rURIJITURE WAHBn.001VZ3 NO. 40 SOUTH SECOND ST11EET, B 7 Went Side, riilladelnhla. FOREPAUOH m Af V " 111 i'H ' ' f 'A CTATE R10HT8 FOU SALE. STATE Is!? KiKhUnf a valuable i Invention Inst Patented, and for the H1.1CI1NU, OUTTINd, and (JHfPPlNu of dried beef, cablmne, eto., are hereby ottered fur sale. It is an article of trreat value to proprietors of hotels and resUurunts. and it should be Introduced into every fajuilv NTATK kU.HTH for sale. W can be seen at i'KLKti It API! OH ICK, COOPKK' PVIN T, N.J. ta? HVHM U0l tMAN, ' .1 - FINANCIAL. muz GREAT PACIFIC RAILROAD IS FINISHED. FIRST MORTGAGE BONDS 0P TUB UNION PACIFIC RAILROAD KOI C.'IIT A.a SOLI). DE HAVEN ol BRO., BANKERS AND DFAI.EH.S IN OOVEKN'.tKNTS, NO. 4(t hOUTH Tlimi) STHEET, Mijm rtuLAnrari'.iA. J A N K 1 N CJ m JJ O U S B OF JAY COOKE & CO., No. 112 and 3 14 South THIRD Street I UILAIiELrmA. Dcaifrs m ell C-tovcrnmpnt SocnnniiB. Old 6-208 Wanted In Exchange for N? w. A Dberal Difference allowed. Compound Interest Notes WaiUea Interest Allowed on Deposits. COLLECTIONS MADE. BT0CKS Louptit and sold on Commission. Special business accommodations reserved foi ladles. We will receive Tppplications for Policies of Life Insurance In tlie N-rt.onal Life Insurance Company of tlie United States. Full Information given at our 3ve l 3ra QLENDINNIHC, DAVIS & CO NO. 4S SOUTU TIIIltD STltEET, IDIL.VDLLI'ULA. GLEHD!NKINGf DAVIS & AMORT, NO. 2 NASSAU STHEET, NEW YORK BANKERS AND BROKERS. Direct telegraphic communication with tne New Tork bmck Boards from Uie Philadelphia Ollice. CITY W A R R ANTS EOUCHT AND SOLD. C. T. YEFtKES, Jr., & CO., 2fo. 20 South THLTID Street, 4S PHILADELriHA. LEDYARD & BARLOW EAVE REMOVED THJIIR 0 LAW AND COLLECTION OFFICE TO Ro. 19 South THIRD Street, IHILADELTD1A, And will continue to give careful attention to collect- jug ana Becurwg uljujhs throughout the United States, British Provinces, and Europe, Sight Drafts and Maturing Paper collected at cmiKurs (nates. i 29 gra SMITH, RANDOLPH & CO., BANKERS, Philadelphia and New York. DEALERS IN UNITED STATES BONDS, and MEM- BEIiS OF STOCK AND GOLD EX CHAN UK, Receive Accounts of Banks aud Bankers on Liberal Terms. ISSUE BILLS OF EXCHANGE ON C. J. HAM BRO A SON, London, B. MF.TZLER, 9. SOItN A CO., Frankfort. JAMES W. TUCKER & CO., Par's. And Other Principal Cities, and Letters of Credl J 2tf Available Throughout Europe. STERLING & WILDMAN, BANKERS AND BROKERS, 1IO H. TIIIKI) tit., IMilla., Ppcclal Agents for the Sale of Danville, Iluzloton, nnd Wilken. Itarre I'uIIroud KIKST MOKTCiACK ItONOS, , Dated 1S67, due In 188T. Interest Seven Per Cent, payalile half yearly, on the hist of April and first of Oc tober, clear of Utato and Untwti suum taxes. At present these bonds are offered at the low price of 60 and accrued Interest, In currency. Pamphlets containing Maps, Reports, and full In formation on hand for Ulatributlou, aud will be sent by wail on application. Government Bonds and other Securities taken In exchange at market rates. Dealers In Stocks. Bondq, Loans, Gold, etc. 6 T lm pm S. PETERSON & CO.. Stock and. Exchange Brokers, No. 39 South THIRD Street, Members ol the New York and Philadelphia Stock and Gold Boards. STOCKS, BONDS, Etc., bought and sold on Cora mission only at either city. 1 80 SAMUKL WORK. FRANCIS F. MlIJiK. woxize & ranrjE, . HANKERS, KTOCK AND EXCHANGE BROKERS, . . JiV, 121 A 2MIHD St., miLADSLlUU FINANCIAL.. UNION AND CENTRAL PACIFIC RAILROAD BONDS ijoxjg i rr jLnu o li; .1 WILLIAM PAINTER & co' BANKERS, NO. 30 fc-OlTTH TlflllD STREET, . p n lm .'. . rniLATKLrnu. I E C) ELLIOTT & DUFitt IJ.VVTM; RTCMUVfvD TO Tlir.ITt NRW HIJILMi0 No. 109 8.. THIRD Street, Ate now prepared to trau-et fJKNP.RAl. B ANK I7IO BCSINI-SS.Mil ,1..,d i (!OVF.KNMK.rf nod rtfaw Stv Curitips, (illl.K, lill.l.S, Kio Hp-,.voM.)N,-.y ON lKroslT.ali.,wr,K t. c antm'kpkk' eM ' MRR Will pxccuie mi..rs Inr rt.j. k.., lioartn. u. . ON COM MI'-SION.ttl1.s.,.(k l.x..h.H,r ,s of riul,rti,,r,. K V:r .' 'r'l'on. .mi BttltiTjurn. 4 jyjg tu.vi?i;:R. )?fi:rcr'. .ioiht. sriii i'K .joisi-. II KM Li h .K. Ilk Ml,' "i'K. mo 'HOICK. !'Ti'i;i pUn SPANihii fiKn.jyroK iwriyusa 1 S( (f i,,JL""inA t'i, okim,. iTTT.7i lCUf H,OIUDA ll,OOUINO. lo(ri) CAHOl.l.VA fl.OOKlN.ii 17 VIKiilMA 'I.OOHINO DKI.AWAIIH I I OOifl.VCi ASH ; 1 00 KINO WAI.NUi f'tOokl.VO. FLORIDA Sli-P HOAUIXS.1 . RtI ! VN1C. 1 WALNUT l'.DS. AND PLANKlTTc Tni J 00 J WALNUT BIIHL AND PLAWK. 1 OOl) WALNUT PLANK. 1W;0 UNDERTAKEK8' LUMBTCR. iCCk WALNUT AND PINK. EEASONED POPL.M 1809 WtiSUSIili OIIERJRV, WUITK OAK PLANK AND BOARDS. UICIiiOUY. 1 L .JO CIOAH BOX MAKERS' -I Ol'Ci XCUt7 (IHIAK BOX MAKKHN' 100i7 SPAMbil ( I.DAR BOX HOARDS. FOR rtALK LOW. . , CAROLINA HCANTIJNGL uIPTi XOUO CAROLINA H. T. HILLS.- .lOOij A'OltWA V SUANTL1NU. 1t!(;(l CKDAli SHINGLES. IGrri MAC LK, IIKO I HKR A (JO . 11! ESLER & DROTHE RS U. S. BUILDERS MILL, Nos. 24, 26 ana 28 S. FirTEENTH St. We offer this season to the trade .lror Dd uuixu ta pcrior stock of Wood Mouldings, Brackets, Balusters, Newell Posts, Etc. ' The Block is made from a caraful selection of Miohi(tan Lumber, from the mills direot, and we invite Imililers una contractors to oiiunino it bofore purohnsiug ckewbere. l'urnin and Scroll Work in all ita yariotiee. 5 6 2m jLUMBEK UNI) EE C O V ER. ALWAYS DRY. : VATSOri & CILLINCHAM, 39 No. 924 RICHMOND Street. ")ANEL PLANK ALL TIIICKNESSE8 X 1 COMMON PLANK, ALL TIIIOiLNKBSK'i 1 COMMON HOARDS. 1 and 3 KIDK FKMIK HOARDS xjw.i.i.T nnu rAr riit1. rl.UOKLNOS 4. Bl'KUOK JOIST, ALL SIZKS. II r..M LO. ' K JOIST, ALL SIZES. ' PLASTKRINO LATH A KPKUIALTT. To?ethir with a neueral sasortment of Building Lnmba for huIh low for oasu. 1. W K WALTZ 326 FltTKKNTH and STILKH HtnsU ENQINES, MACrflNEKY, ETOl PKN.N 8TKAM ENGINE ANL M bii . "V-Hf IK l.KVY, for ninny years buen in snccossful operution, and beun ex clusivoly enKaod in buil.iiu(t and roimirinn Marine and kiver hnKinoa, hifrh and low-pressure, Iron Boilers, Watet lanks. Propellers, eto. etc., respectfully ottor their servioes to the public as being fully prpard to contra, for en (tmes of all sizes. Marine, Rivor, and Stationary j havina otsof pulternBof dillerent sizes are prepared to eiecutS orders with quick despatch. Kvery description of pattern, making made at the shortest notice. Utah and liw-nrei. jure l ine rubular and Cylinder Boiler, ol the best Vena. evlvania Charcoal Iron. Horalnirs of all sizes and k.ndi Iron and Brass Oastjugs of al f descriptions. Roll Turmng. obus""' d " "h"' WUrk oae DrawinKB and specifications for all work doaeat tha tula. blishulont, free of charKe, and work guaranteed T i he aubsonbera have auipU wharf-dock tooni fo? repair! of boats, where they can lie in perfect eafety, and are pro. Tided with shears, blocks, talis, eto. eto., tor raising bean Or light weuthu. ""' jaoob O. NKAFIE. ei; BFAOn and PAjjlKR fitreet M RRICJK & 80NS SOUTHWAnic POTTNrriT?v No. 430 WASHINGTON AVENUE, riillttdelpLJa. WILLIAM WRIGHT'S PATENT VARIABLE CUT-OFF HTEAAI ENGINE, Kognlated by the Governor. MERRICK'S SAFETY HOISTING MACHINE, l'tttcuted June, lboa. DAVID J0T8 TATENT VALVELESS STEAM HAMMER. D. M. WESTON'S PATENT SEU-CJiNTIMNO, SELF-RAMNCITSa CLNTRII LUAL SUGAIt-DllAININU ilACUINIL AND HYDRO EXTRACTOR. ror cotton or woollen ftluuufacturem 7 in mwt 1. AHUBN MtnlUCK. WILXXiM H. aUJUUCX. JOHN . OOPB. COUTIIWARK FO UN DUY, FLFTU AND O WAbHLNCTON Street. U FUU.Al.HLPHIA. MKRRIOK A SONS, RNGINKKHiS AND II AUlllNISTfv mannfaetnre Hirli and low Pressure hteua ICngiDae law Ijind. liner, aud Marine Serice. Hoilers, .iaiiiiii.ters, Tuuka, Iron Boats, eto, OaHtingiof all IiiikIb, either lion or hnm. Iron 1. nuue Roofs for lias Works, Workshop, and KaiL load Matioiis, eto. - v. ytAV Mwwv mam inost lm. proved conatructiou. w ua r.vury uosuripiion or nantation Macrilnery. also. ni. 8aw, aud (irist Mills, Vacuum Paus, Oil hUaua TnJnaTlII: locators. Filters, Pumping Kuuinos, eto. fiiti, eBnlytis Pateut btoam Hammer, and AjTi,inVi .Woolsey'. Patent OtDtriiiiKal (Suwr' lirJLlXi M?. QIRARD TUDE WORKS. JOHN II. MUIirilY & BROS. SlaDiiliu'lurf r of Wruuslit iron iIp, . lie faiUAUKLPRlA, PA. WOHKN. TWUNTy.TIUHX and FJXJIE11T htrreu. utPlUK, . No. 44 North FIFTH Ntrool. HI I ARZELERC A BUCHEv: Cu.loia Ilouee Broker) and Notorlea Pullle No. 405 1IBKARY STREET ALL CUSTOM IJ0USB BUSINESS TRANSACTED, T) A C.C.TtArin.n 1 II tl laoofuma fKUU UK ED. to QIRARD, VETKlARYSLTU r.,?l .11 . lrBt disease, of horse and oattlav fcr hor.TtM 0rTU0M' Jith 8rtiuint mTooVUo ior Horse, at hualiit Iriliais Ha iun uiv.n.i i m." " k,Ww 1-Uiil, '