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THE DAILY EVENING TEIiEGItAMt PHIL A DEL Pit I. V, TUESDAY, K0 EM BE It '16, 13W.
srzmT or inn runss. i:dllrlal Opinion f th leading Journal! Vioa Current Tilr (:mplln4 Every Day for the Evenlnff Tctrxrnph. WOMEN'S TAY AND WOMEN'S WOllK. Prom the X. Y. Tribune, The Tribune aims to do its full duty in de manding for women as well as men a fair day's wages for a fair day 'a work. We count it rather conteinptiblo to send female clerks from Washington to New Yolk to straighten out the public accounts, and yet to pay them less than the men whose hard knots they un ravel. We view it as that celebrated lioxing maHter. tho Game Chicken, viewed the con duct of Mr. Toots in refusing to carry off Florence Douibey by main force. "It'a mean, you know. That's whut it is ! It's mean." The trouble is that this is not the whole of the question of wages. Grant that all labor should be paid according to its merit. Grant that in the lighter kinds of labor, where no great strength or skill is required, women work as well as men, perhaps better, because of their great conscientiousness and fidelity. Still the difficulty remains, that their sei thus limits them to a Hinaller range of employ ments. They cannot furnish the strength for rougher work. And for work requiring skill, the trouble is that women, as a (.-lass, do not learn it thoroughly enough to command the highest wages. The reason they do not learn it thoroughly is because the prime of their lives is. or ought to be, given to homo duties. No doubt there are a myriad exceptions. lint no woman expects to be an exception, and therefore women do not, as wen do, train themselves for some life-work find become skilled laborers. Individuals doubtless do, but they find to their cost that the scale of wages is adapted to the habitual condition of the whole class. In Virginia Penny's invaluable "Cyclopivdia of the Em ployments of Women in America" we find employer after employer pointing out this as the chief drawback on the compensation of women. "Nine out of ten gel married as soon as they are fairly initiated in work." "They are very apt to marry just as they become skill ful enough to be reliable." One china dealer in New York "thinks it best to get homely girls, rather advanced in age, to attend store, Lecause the young and handsome ones will get married." All agree that women are lost to business pursuits by marriage, while men be come more attentive to business when they have a family to support. Hence the unpply of untrained women is always being re newed; as a class they are in the position of apprentices, and earn apprentices' wages. We see the same result in the one profes sion in which women predominate, that of teaching. No one doubts that women are by Bat ore peculiarly fitted for training the young; and for this reason, and because their labor is eheaper, they are very extensively employed. But these teachers are usually very young girls, imperfectly educated, or else they are widows, the prime of whose life Las been otherwise spent. The School Com mittees all complain that their ablest teachers are soon transferred to homes of their own. Did anybody ever know a country clergy man whose wife had not taught school? The parsonage gains, but the school-house loses, and the whole profession loses. It is the universal opinion of foreign observers that one great reason why our schools are inferior to those of Germany is from the far lower grade of culture among the teachers, who are inexperienced girls, instead of university-trained men. "The Amevican preference of women as teachers," says Mat thew Arnold, in his report on European edu cation, "gets no sanction from the practice of the Continent. Competent foreign observers who have studied the American schools report that, as a general rule, though something is to be learned from them as to providing and maintaining schools, little or nothing is to be learned from them as to teaching." The rea son is that, tfith women, teaching is a tempo lary pursuit, and that, nevertheless, the American school-room is becoming so monopo 1 lized by their cheaper labor that the ablest men are generally tempted to other fields. All this we say with infinite regret and with desire for light. Beyond the cruelty of em ployers, the unjust prejudices of society, and the brutality of I'hiludolphia medical stu dents, there are obstacles in the very organi zation of woman to her earning the highest wages. The ballot can only affect other ob stacles, not these particular ones. The ballot does not equalize the pay of men. though it may help to equalize it. The wages of the tailoress are not so far below the tailor's as are the tailor's below the lawyer's. And yet lawyer and tailor both have the ballot, and in this city, at least, the tailor has the upper hand. But the difference of wages bet weeu the sex which works for wages continuously and inevitably, and that which works excep tionally, is one which voting alone cannot wend." But one thing, at least, women can effect. They can train their daughters to do tho roughly whatever their hands find to do. So htronglydoes this habit of superficiality attach to tha work of women that even the leaders of emancipation hardly get beyond it. It is but a few days since we heard two persons prominent in the woman's suffrage movement admit with regret that there is not yet a woman in the country who is fitted to preside y over a difficult convention. And this, not for want of dignity, nor of presence, nor of tact, but simply because not a woman has as yet taken the pains to master those simple rules of parliamentary law which are to be found in any small text-book on the subject. These rules are to a public meeting what military drill is to an aviiiy the only muansof keeping it from confusion. Jean l'aul saysthat no female general would ever give tho plain command. "Halt !" but she would say, "All you people, as soon as 1 have done speaking. 1 command you nil to stand still in your places; halt. I tell you:" No person can have read the reports of the stormy meetings of the Equal Bights Association in this city, last spring, without perceiving that niue tenths of the trouble could" have been pre vented by a competent presiding officer. Yet Mrs. It. B. Stanton is a woman of unques tioned ability, and has been steadily attend ing conventions for twenty years. It is for the sake of women themselves that we wish to see this want of thoroughness corrected. 'Young men exhort to be sober-minded," saith the Scripture. "Young women exhort io be business-minded," say we. ELECTION-FBAUD BKEYENT1YES. Prom the X. Y. Tribune. The power to make, amend, and abolish laws intended to shield the rights of legal voters from violation by "repeaters" and all manner of illegal voters, has passed com pletely into the hands of our Democratic poli ticians. Hitherto thev have simnlv stood off and found fault with the efforts of Republi cans to achieve the desired end. Now they must act. we snail ie most agreeably dis appointed if they shall honestly and earnestly try to suppress illegal voting. For every act that tends to this result necessarily implies inquiry, suspicion, precaution, scrutiny; and J these involve delay and loss of time to the ' voter. Take every ballot that is offerod with out hesitation or question, and yon can re ceive one thousand votes at a poll without difficulty, and no one need be delayed fifteen minutes; but, if you undertake to confine the voting to legal voters you must afford time for sifting pretensions and establishing rights either at the poll or previously. We believe no other device can be substituted for a regis tration of voters, with reasonable time for scrutiny between the close of the registry and the opening of the polls, that will prove equally efficient without being far more in convenient and troublesome. But we have no plan to suggest, no experi ment that we want to seo tried. The respon sibility is now with our political adversaries, and we shall rejoice to liud them meeting it honestly and manfully. Frankly, however, we do not believe they will do anything of the sort. They know that the thioves, swindlers, and grog-shop loafers, who take to illegal voting as a duck takes to water, are naturally Democrats; and they know that whenever twenty five thousand illegal votes are cast nt an election, these cannot fail to add at least twenty thousand to the Demo cratic majority; and they are not inclined to forego the advantage thus proffered. Some of them will, while others will not. instigate and pay for illegal voting; but the mass of those who will not are apt to chuckle over the net result as heartily as the rest. So what we expect is that they will repeal the Iiegistvy law and enact in its stead something that will in practice amount exactly to nothing. Mr. A. .1. H. Dugaune is more' hopeful or more spooney. He thinks the Democrats only want to be shown how, and they will proceed at once to throw all requisite safe guards around the ballot-box. So he proceeds to instruct them as follows: 1. lie would double the number of election districts in our city, making them 70 instead of :!.". 1, so as to reduce the voters in each dis trict to about '.'(HI. 'J. He would provide in each district "a suitable polling-place in the form of a booth, shed, or other shelter, either portable or per manent, constructed purposely for the ac commodation of !.'() voters, and located as nearly as might be in the centre of the voting population of the district;" said polling-place to be an iron structure, located on a square or street-crossing, to resemble a palace or other passenger car, and to be taken to pieces and carted off' to some corporation yard or other depository after the counting of the votes shall have been completed. '.'. He would have the vote taken in these polling-booths within two specified and advertised hours of each election day, as fol lows: "Let It be understood: Kim. That Itefore a Axed hour (say 10 A. M.) the veti-i of ai-li district must have preHcnted tliemaetves at tlie dour of tln-lr polling-place ami entered, Rivinpr their tinmen and resi dences lo a clerk at tile door. Second. Let It be ordered that at the mlinite or the clock Nlrlktng It) A. M. (If that hour be agree I upoio, the entrance doors-of nil the polllng-iilacim in all the elt-rtiou dis tricts of the eily Hhuil be closed, and thai thev lie Kept, closed, tne ouiuiuni; lo im-kiii hy callini; the registered names of voters from the poTI-llHt. In the manner that yens and nays arc taken in legislative bodies; each voter answering to his Hame, tender ing bis ballot, and, if unehulleng.-d, depositing it, and then leaving tiic polls ly a door opposite to the closed entrance-door. The name and residence of every voter being thus culled. In the presence of all the voters of the election district, he may be chal lenged, for cause, under snliiible regulations pro vided by luw: or, his vote being given, It is checked at oner, as received, ugulmi. lils name upnu the poll list. Having voted mill passed out of the exit-dour, no voter can return until the balloting shall be com pleted, when the door will be opened for public wit ness of the canvass of ballots." This plan would certainly bother "re peaters;" wherefore it will never be adopted by a legislature whereof William M. Tweed is a master-spirit. Yet it has merits, and possibly may receive consideration at some future ilay. For the present we are at the mercy of politicians who believe in voting early and voting often, and will legislate ac cordingly. OWNING I P AT LAST. From the X. Y. World. The Independent, a religious radical paper, has a leading article this week on the "Lost Battle." It boldly declares that the liepubli can party lost the State on account of the corruption in the party, and "because the leaders in this State had forfeited the public conhitence and exhausted the patience of the rank and file." Of the last Legislature, it says: 'The late Legislature wus the most corrupt body ever convened outside the City Hall Park. The Speaker of the Assembly who Is rated higher than his leuows, because not suspected or accepting pe cuniary tribes Is, nevertheless, believed to have oarteren the committee-places in his gut lor votet for bis candidate foi United States Senator. His committees, when formed, were understood to be marketable, ana tne voles given uy me two nouses mr an sorts oi 'join. The State Committee also comes in for abuse and the declaration that "in its forma tion no regard was paid even to appearances Of the city members of that committee, two had enriched themselves, in the capacity of Supervisors, by such schemes as the New xork C ourt House, and a third was tainted by his complicity with the West Washington Market and Fort Gansevoort jobs." But, with all this indignation of this religious poli tical sueet, we do not see any evidence, in the returns of the election, that the Republi can party desires honest men for office. G ree ley, for instances, did not poll a full party vote in the Mate. All those men who are called corruptiouists in the Republican party ran ahead ol their ticket wherever nominated Even one of the very Supervisors whom the Jiulijifiiili nt grunts about being on the State Committee has the largest Republican vote of any other man on their city ticket. From all this, we infer that the party prefers that class of men. 1'RoriIETS. From the X. T. World. Prophets appear to have a mighty hard time of it in this age of universal skepticism, not only enjoying no honor in their own re spective countries, but having themselves "blown upon" as failures, if not "frauds," all over the newspaper-taking world. The latest of these failures is Falb, who predicted for South America those tremendous October earthquakes and high tides which didn't come. Falb will have to put up his shutters now, and paste on his shop door a bill, "To let." We are not acquainted with the ante cedents of Falb; but it is just possible that he may be the German savant who, in 1H.17, made such startling calculations concerning the comet known as Charles Quint, which made its appearance in March or April of that year. Jlepredietedthat it would come into con tact with the earth some time in .J une following and knock all mundane things into Massa chusetts hash. It didn't do anything of the sort, though it frightened a good many aged females into fits, and caused some thoughtful pennons to prepare their wills, as though testa mentary documents could be of any use in thev event of a general smash-up. ,A good, many yenrs ago, a writer in a Cauada paper, under the teriitio signature of "A Believer in Impending Doom to the Whole of the Human Race," gave a graphic description of a lumi nous horn beheld by him growing from tho brow of the moon as he wended his way homewards one fine night. Tho writer in question did not state how many horns he had had himself previous to bis remarkable observation. The worst he did was to set people moon-gazing: and then, like all modern prophets, he folded his mantle about him and retired into that obscurity to which even Cumming is going and must arrive at last. DEGREES IN MURDER. From the X. Y. Timet. A question of great importance in the prac tice of criminal law has been at lust decided by the Court of Appeals. It is nothing more than whether the greater includes the loss in dictments for murder, and it came before the Court in tho case of Keefe vs. The People: the appellant, upon an indictment containing only the single count of murder, having been convicted of murder in the second degree. The point urged was that the verdict and judgment entered upon it were erroneous, because the indictment did not set forth that at the time of the commission of the homicide the prisoner was in the commission of a felony, which is the statutory definition of the crime of murder in the second degree. The court, after an exhaustive examination of the point presented, has decided that under the statute, upon trial on an indict ment for murder a conviction for a lesser degree of that crime is legal and proper where the acts alleged and proved are the same, although the indictment may not state the particular intent and circumstances required bv the statute to constitute that lesser degree. All that is requisite is, that there shall be no material variation between the acts charged in the indictment and those established at the trial. The conclusions of law and common sense are for once identical. The decision works no injury to the rights of accused persons, and will essentially serve the ends of justice. Especially will it be of great practical benefit to this city, where murder in the first degree is a comparatively rare occurrence, while homicides are e very-day events. SPECIE PAYMENTS. fVo7i the X. Y. World. Our despatch from Washington on the ."th, announcing the probable resumption of specie payments, gained the attention and provoked the comments of the press throughout the country. The general impression seems to be that it is possible to resume specie pay mcuts with the next six mouths; and perhaps no more pungent argument for the change could be presented just now than that from the Xntli'ii. The Hon. E. G. Spaulding. of Buffalo, the reputed franier of the Legal-tender act. has publicly declared that that act was intended to apply to the emergency of the war. which has lapsed, and that its essential unconstitu tionality ought to render it a dead letter in this time of peace. Chief -Justice Chase, who, when Secretary of the Irensnrv. sucrirested the greenback system embodied in the act, is now reported to he ot the same opinion. He decided last winter that coin was still a legal- tenuer as wed as currency that contracts for coin were legally payable in coin. Kecentl lie decided that contracts in the South during the war, payable in Confederate currency, can be collected m so much told as the sum called for in Confederate currency was worm in gold at tne time such contracts were made. Ihese decisions pave the way for the expected decision by the Supreme Uourt that tne L,egai-tender act is uncon stitutional. If contracts made under the Rebel Leual-tender act, which is now de clared null and void, can be collected in gold, then contracts made under the rederal 1-iegal-tender act would be decided as collectable in gold on the same principle, after that act should be declared null and void, mat is in case of the retirement of the greenbacks and the resumption of specie payments, all debts previously due in greenbacks would still be due in so much coin as the green backs were worth when the debts were in curred. So strong is the impression that the Su preme Court mill soon decide the Legal-ten der act to be unconstitutional, and that the Secretary of the Treasury will either antici pate or supplement the decision by the retire ment, or funding, or redemption of the greenbacks, that gold falls and greenbacks ad vance in value. There are now in the Trea sury about one hundred millions of dollars in gold. The banks are glutted with gold. Xhe export of the large cotton crop will be suc ceeded bv an immense access of gold lroni abroad. This gold in the Treasury lies idle and unproductive. The surplus in the bank vaults is a drug, liable, however, to be em ployed at any time by gamblers in distracting and ruinous speculations. It would seem to be the most favorable period for setting these enormous and inert masses of coin in invigorating motion through the veins of trade. CENT.'S FURNISHING QOOOS. nrm: rorai of fashion. 2ENTN' H I5MSIUN(J 8TOKE. MRS. MINNIE OUMMINUS bu opened the abort named place, at No. 119 bouth HIGH I'll Street, where csntlemen cn find evflrrtmor in their line, 'Ike best fitting. K1HRT8 in the city, ready-made or nisce to order. Purcbaatr of twelve article receive the tnirteentb a Gilt. UMRRKI.LAB TO HIRE for 25 oonU. Handkeroriefs hsiunied free of charge. Pulite Salesladies in attendance. A call I reapectiully solicited and satisfaction guar anleed. t-8 M INNIK OUMM1NOS, PATENT SHOULDEU-SKAM x. SHIRT MANUFACTORY, AND GENTLEMEN'S FURNISHING STORK. PERFECTLY FITTING SHIRTS AND DRAWER made from measurement at very short notice, GOODS in lull variety. WINCHESTER CO., No. 706 CHRdNUT Street. US P I N E 1) R E S S SHIRTS AND GENTS' NOVELTIES. J. W. SCOTT & CO. No. 8H CIIESNUT Street, Philadelphia, 6 STJrp Four doors below Continental Hotel. I R E WORK GALVANIZED and Painted WIRE GUARDS, tore fronts and windows, for factor and wareliuua. windows, for churches and cellar window. IRON and WIRE RAILINGS, lor balconies, offlcei cemetery and garden fences. Liberal allowance made to Contractor!, Builder. and Carpenters. All orders filled with promptue and work guaranteed. - ROBERT WOOD & CO., TaitOthSm ' No. 1130 VIDOIf Aveouo PhllA, OU. K.J. I.F.VIS HAS KF.MT! T' T!T. noitnwext corner ot AKI'li au.l i lllH'l KKM It feu 001. uuiv COODS FOR THE LADIES. " Q HOICK GOODS AT LOW TRICES. 1'RS. lYi. A, CINDER. NO. lltil CIIESNUT STREET. CnrresiMinilinre with the leading Pariniim and (Jontlnun. nl Hounea tonlilpa hor torrent the liii'M noroltie direct. rrj,iins opfDinj dailt in ' impure I acca. 1'iucK J nreaa l.m:e. Pointe Appliiiue I-ni-e. Vulencieane l-ace. l'ointe Collars. Thread Collars. Ijice Voiln. Polnle, Applique, and ValiMiuiemu's llundkiiri litefi. French Mualin, Hamburg Kdalnns, new diwinni, very cheap. Alter Won, ali widths. Kridal Veils and Wreaths. Kid (; loves, 7oc. and jil a pair. While Ooate, (Moaka, and Draw. Also, elegant LTrmimiHKv Vlvm. Ruttuns, etc. l'ai titular attention given In PRKK3 AND UI.OAK MAKING. Satisfactory ajatem of IMtKSS CUTTING TACCiHT. Beta of choice patterns for Sleichnnta ami Dressmukora now ready, at rcduood prices. Jtcman 1 ies and Sashes. Paris Jewelry, newoat style of Jet. Gold, and Shell, the rnrest and most elegant ever ottered. Ilir Bands, Combs, Nets, Zephyr. Slippers, Cushions, and Brackets. Jl'orsi'ls andlloopKkirs. S stntht MILLINERY. m i:il v kosi:.'iii:i.u, NO. 72G CIIESNUT STREET. OPKN THIS DAY, at $2, Id'J iii, and 3 per yard; one dolia per yard below oiuiur prices. . . ,. 40 PIECES SATINS. Ib-inch,Of all desiruhla ah&rlM.. ibl nil iter ward : reriiiftAil from iX IH PIEI'ES BLACK VELVET, warranted all silk, at $4, $4 OU, aud $5 ; one dollar per yard below the real value. A Isn, u full stock of all kinds of RIBBONS. SILKS, HATS, FRAMES, FLOWKRS,' ii.ATIIKUS, K TO. KTO., AT GREATLY REDUCED PRICKS. WHOLESALE AND RETAIL. mi:yjl.cV itosi::iir,in, 10 18 lm NO. 72fl OHHSXUT STREET. PIANOS. STEIN WAY & SONS' Grand Square and Upright Pianos, With their newly patented RESONATOR, by which the anginal volume of sound oan always ba retained, the same as in a Violin. BLASIUS BROS., No. 1000 CHESNUT STREET, 5S7wstf PHILADELPHIA. ALKKECHT. RIKKES SCHMIDT, II 11 I n M A N l" r A TI 1HJ-. MH Or F1RSTCLASS PI ANO-EORTES. l u'l guarantee and moderate prices. 25 WAREKOOM.S. No. 610 ARCH Street. OARPETINCS, ETC. NEW CARPETS. AXMINSTEBS, WILTONS. VELVETS, BRUSSELS, 3-rLYS AND IKGttAINS, Venetians, Druggets, Oil Cloths, Etc. LEEDOM & SHAW, No. 910 ARCH STREET, 23 Sinn? PHILADELPHIA FOR SALE. 1 AILROAD FORECLOSURE SALE. THE 1 undersigned grantee in trust, and as Special Master Commissioner of the Circuit Court of the United States in and for the Southern District of Ohio, in the case of Charles ftloran, Trustee, against the Cincinnati and Zanes ville Railroad Company, pending in aaid Court inClianoery, by authority of the decree rendered in aaid cause at tha Octohor term thereof, A. D. l8o! will, on the tirst dayof December, 18ti!', between the hours of 1U o'clock A. M. and A o'clock P. M. of said day, at the door of the Court Hon.se of said Court, in the city of inuinnati, Ohio, offer and expose to sule by pnblio vendue, to-lhe highest bidder for cash, payable on confirmation of said sale by said Court, but not for less than the minimum sum fixed by said Court, namely - one million three thousand nine hundred and aixty-oipht dolhirs (Hil,'03,!t6e). THE RAILROAD, OTHER PltOPKRTY AND FRANCHISES, IN CLUDING THE FRANCHISE TO KE AND ACT AS A CORPORATION OF THE CINCINNATI AND ZANES VII.LE RAILROAD COMPANY IN THE STATU OF OHIO. If no sale shall be effected at the time and place above designated, the biddings will be adjourned from day to day, or time to time, by proclamation, and pursuant thereto, will be continuod to complete the aale. Posses sion of the premises to be delivered to the purchaser on confirmation and payment of the purchase-money -compliance in other respects with the term ft the order of sale by the purchaser being also required. OHAItLKS MORAN, Trustee, And Speciul Master Commissioner. Address, Now York City. HrSTV.ii t DAininrnTY, Solicitors for Ooniplainants. Aitdreas, Lancaster, Ohio. lu U7 tlKutia I WANTS. "y ANTED AGENTS, TEACHERS, Students, Clergymen, Farmers' sons and daughters, and all to sell BEFORE THE FOOTLIGHTS AND BEHIND THE SCENES. BY OLIVE LOGAN, The Great llforiner of the 8tnye, who, having abandoned stage life, now exhibits in vivid colors the whole show world KKFOHK AND KKrllND THE hCKNKS. lieing Truthful, Moral, aud High-loned, as well as Sensational, Rich, and Hacy, it outsells all other hooka, heautiiully illustrated witu 40 spirited rn fravinps, 24 full page cuts, tW) pages, on roe tuned paper, neatest inducements yet ottered. Prospectus, Sample U"Py, Hoxes, and Siationery i ieo For circular, explain ing, address, immediately. PAKMKI.KK A CO-. Pub lishcrs, either at 1'bihtUulphiu, I'a., Cincinuati, Ohio, or Middlctowu.Conu. lu tuthsiiu CARRIACES. up GARDNER & FLEMING, CAB.TUAOI3 BUILDERS, No. 214 South FIFTH Streo BELOW WALNUT. A Large Assortment of Kew and Second-hand CAB INCLUDIKfl Rockaways, Phaetons, Jenny Llnds, Bagglei Depot Wagons, Etc Eto., 3 S3 tilth t L a 1 at Reduced Prices. I OHN FARNUM & CO.. COMMISSION ME HI l chants and Manufacturers of CouestogaTickiug. etu, Ko. iXCUkSNUT fUost, l'uilaUInis 41 wim) INSURANCE. 182(J -CHARTER PERPETUAL. FranUln Fire taraiice Company OK PHILADELPHIA. Office, Nos. 435 and 437 CHESNUT St. Assets Jan. I,'69,$2f677,372'l3 CAPITAL l4i)0.'XfiXi l,IH;t,!W-Wil i,i9.;1a-4 INCOME POR 149. $;igo,ihw. AIOU'KD SURPLUS... PREMIUMS UNSETTLED CLAIMS," Losses pain since 1329,eTer$5,503,000 Perpetnal and Temporary Policies on T.lheral Terms. 1 he Company also issues Policies on ltents of Uuildingt of ali kinds,Oronud Kent, and Mortgages. DIRECTORS. Alfred n. Tlaker, Alfred Pitler, hiliiuel rant, I I'homas hparks, t-eome W, Kicharda, I William S. (.rant, Isaac iPa, I Thomas 8. Kill. UeurgeFalea, CusUvus K. Benson. AT.KRKD O. B A KKIt, Presidnnt. (4KOKCK FALK.8, Vice-President. JAR. W. MrATXlSTK.lt, Secretary. Till' ODOR h .M. KKC1CU, Assislaut Secretary. 8 J N B U R E AT HOME, Df TBI Per.n Mutual Life Insurance COMPANY. No. 921 CHESNUT STREET, PHILADELPHIA. AKSETH, 8:1,000,000. CHARTERED BY OUK OWN STATIC. MANAGED BY OUR OWN CITIZEN I.OHSES PROitlPTIVY PAID. OIJUKS ISSUED ON VARIOUS PLANS. Applications may be made at the Home Office, and at the Agencies throughout the State, cs 194 JAOTKH TKAQUAIK PRESIDFNT WAfllUKIi E. HTOKKS VIOH PRKS1DENT JOHN V. 1IOIINOK A. V. P. and ACTUARY HOKATIO H. feTKPHlwNM SICORKTAHY STRICT L Y M U T U A L . Provident Life and Trust Co. OF PHILADELPHIA. OFFICE, No. Ills. FOURTH STREET. Organized to promote I.IFK INSURANCE among mciiilH-in of thf Society of Friends. (iootl risks of auy class accepted. Policies issued on approved plans, at the lowest rates. President. S A MITEL R. SHIPLEY, Vlce-I'reHideiit, WILLIAM V. I.ONUSTItKTH, Actuary, ROWLAND PARKY. The advantages ottered by this Company are un excelled. 1 27 ryH V. ENTERPRISE INSURANCE COM PANT 1 OF PHII.ADF.LPHIA. OtHce b. W. Corner FOURTH and WALNUT Streets. FIKF. INSURANUP. F.XULUSIVF.LY. PKRPF.TUAL ASU TKRM POLIU1KS 1SSUF.D. Cash Capital , $JO0,iW0U Cash Assets. July 1, lm. WnlU.STil'SI. DlRkOTORS. r. iiatcntorti ntarr, Naihro irazier. J. Livingston Krrlnger, James I,. Claghorn, William (1. Houltou, Charles Wheeler, Thomas H. Montgomery, John M. Atwootl, Kcnjamin 1'. Iredick, tiporge H. Stunrt, loon ri. Mrown, This Company insures only first olasa rinks, taking na specially hazardous risks whatever, such at factories, mills, etc. F. RATOHFORD STARR. Presidont. THOMAS H. MONTUOMKKY, Vice-President. AT.EIANPFH W. WlhlKH, Secretary. arti TlIIfENIX INSURANCE COMPANY OF X PHILAOFXPHIA. IKCORPOitATKD I HOJ CHARTER PKRPETUAL. No. ifcU WALPTIIT Street, opposite the lixouange. This Company insures from bias or damage by FIKK, on liberal terms, on buildings, merchandise, furnitnre, etc., for limited periods, and permanently on buildings by depoeit of premiums. uainee aerraen. I he Ooinpany has been inactive operation for more than SIXTY YF.ARK, during which all losses have been nromuLlv MflillHLafi mil nun). uirtr.o 1 una. Jobn I.. Hodge, David Lewis, Benjamin Ktting, Thomas H. Powers, A. R. Mo Henry. Kd round Cnstillou, Saiuuel Wilcox, Lnwin C Norriit. 41. f,. mammy, JohnT. Lewia, William M.l.rant, Robert W. Learning, 1). Clark W harton, Lawrence Lewis, Jr., JOHN K WUUllKHEH, President. Samuel Wacoi, Secretary. 4iiS OFFICE OF THE INSURANCE COMPANY OF NORTH AMERICA, No. 838 WALNUT Street. Philadelphia. Incorporated 1794. Charter Perpetual Capital, CSUO.OUO. Assets 2,8S0.000 MARINK, INLAND, AND FIRK INSURAn6k. OVER 820,000,000 LOSSES PAID SINCE ITS ORGAN IZATION. DIItKCTOH?. Arthur G. Ooffln, Samuel W. Jones, John A. Brown, Charles Taylor, Ambrose White, William Welsh, S. Morris Wain, Inhn Mason. J rancls R. Cope, Kdward H. Trotter,' Kdward 4. Clarke, T. Charlton Henry, Alfred D. Jessup, John P. Whit, Jxmn O. Madeira, Charles W. Oushnua George L. Harrison, AKTHURG COFFIN. President. CHAKLkS PLATT, Vice-President. Matthias Maiiin, Secretary. Chak. 11. IIkkvi.s, Anal. Secretary. J 1 ROOFING. T E A D Y ROOFING. XV Tbis RooHcg is adapted te all buildings. It oan auplied to 8TF.F.P OR FLAT KOOFS at one-half the expense of tin. It is readily pot est Shingle Roots without removing the shingles, thus avoid, ing the damsging of ceilings and furniture while under going repairs. (No gravel used.) rRF-SICRVK YOUR TIN KOOFS WITH WELTON1 K.LAST1C PAINT. I am always prepared to Repairand Paint Roofs at shop not ice. A lo, PAINT FOR S A I.K by the barrel or gallon the best and oheapest in the market. W. A. W ELTON, 8 175 No. 711 N. NINTH Street, above Coatee TO OWNERS, ARCHITECTS, BUILDERS, 1- AND ROOFERS. Roofs! Yes.yes. Kverysiceand kind, old or new. At No. W: N. TH I Kb Street, the AME RICAN CONCRF.TK PAINT AND ROOF COMPANY are selling their celebrated paint lor TIN ROOFS, and tor preaerving all wood aud metals. Also, their solid coat filex roof covering, the best ever offered to the publio, witn rushes, cans, buckets, etc., lor the work. Auti vermin. Fire, and M ater-proof ; Light, Tight, Durable. No crack ing, pealing, or shrinking. No paper, gravel, or heat. Good for all cliuiales. Directions given for work, or good work men supplied. Care, promptness, oertaiutyl On pnoel Call! Fxauiine! Judge! Agents wanted for interior conntiea. 4&ti JOSFPU LEEDS. Prinolpal. pFAVKL ROOFS REPAIRED AND WAR- 1 ranted for Hve years, at half the prlee others charge. Tin rooli, repaired aud puintod at ouo cent per square foot. Old sliiugle roots covarrd with ready moling, at small ookt. Ki-yatous) Routing Company, No. 411 V1NF. Street. Call ana see. 1181m CARPENTERS AND BUILDERS. R. THOMAS & COT, PIALKRS Ot Doors, Blinds, Sash, Shutter?, WINDOW FRAMES. ETC., N. W. C0BKXH 0V EIGHTEENTH and MARKET Streets 9 IB 8m PHILADELPHIA. NEW PUBLICATIONS. piIIL080FIIY OF MARRIAGE X A New Course of Lectures, as delivered at the New York Museum of Anatomy, embracing the subjects: How to Live, and What to Live for; Youth, Maturity, and Old Age; Manhood Generally Reviewed; Tha Cause of Indigent ion; Flatulence and Iservous Diseasea Accounted For; Marriage Philosophically Considered, eto. etc. Pocket volumes containing these Lectures will be for. warded, post paid, on receipt of 116 centa, by addressing W . A. LKAR Y, Jh., S. K. comer of t Ik III ami WALNUT Street. Philadelphia. Utt COTTON BAIL DUCK AND CANVAS of all number and brands. Tent, Awning, Trunk, aud Wagon-cover Puck. Also, Paper Manufacturers' liner Felts, from thirty to sevsuty six lnob.es wide, ' Paulina, il eking, bail Twin), etc. Aauuua.tMMW JOHN W. EVFRMAN, tOB OUUKCU Street (U.tr Stores) I EMPIRE 8 LATE MANTEL WORKS J. K It tlklkJi 1 ti. itUeOUlCaMCT bust. Uimlmi INtURANCt. V. IS B U X Y LIFE INSURANCE COMPAhlV Io. 03 IUIUADUAY, cornfr ol" llleteiitlt Street, rev Vork. CASH CAPITAL tUMMS $12i,W0 deposited with the State of Kow York as security tor policy holders. I.F.MUFI, BANl.S. Prenidnnt. GFOIIGK KM.IO'rr, Vico Proildnnt and Secretary " F.MOKY M CLINTODK, Actuary. A. K. M. PURUY, M. D., Medical F.iaiuiuer. rnii.anpi.pnt a nrrKit:N Es. Thomas T. Tker, John M. Marls, J. B. MpplncoH, Charles rpencer, W illiam livine, ijainna lii. John A. Wright, S. Morris Wain, 'James Hunter, Aluorti. Coitin, John U. McUreary. K. II. Worne. Organized April, 1MK8. liTli Policies ixned first si I mouths; over utaiti in the twelve months follow irur. All lorms of Policies i'aned on moat favoraole terms. Special advanlases ottered to Olora-ymeu. A tew aocd agents wanted in city or country. Apply t JAMK8 M. l,wSUA(;KK, Manager for Pennsylvania and Delaware. Office, No. i WALNUT Streot, Philadelphia. SAM I l'-L POW KR8. tSpeolal Agent. 4 lrfj JfAME INSURANCE COMPANY. No. W CHF.SNUT Street. INCORPORATKD l6rf. CHARTER PF.RPKTUAL. CAPITAL, $2H0,0U. FIP.K INSURANCE F.XOLUSIVFLT. Insures axaiust 1 ,011a or Damage by 1 ire either by Per. petual or Temporary Policies. DIRKCTOR9: Charles Richardson, , Robert Pearc. William H. Hhann. John kossier, Jr., Filnard K. Orne, Vharles Stokei, John W. F.vermaa, Mordeoai Bnzhy. William M. Wejtert, Henry l,ewis, Kathun Hillcs, UeorgeA. West, OHARLFS RICHARDSON. President. WILLIAM H. RHAWN, Vies President. Wri.UAMS I. Blancdahd. Secretary. 7 83 THE PENNSYLVANIA FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY. Incorporated liUn Ouarter Perpetnal. No. BIO WALNUT Street, opposite Independence Square, This Company, favorably known to the coiuiuuuity for over forty years, continues to insure aeainst loss or dam age by tire on Publie or Private Buildiugs, either perma nently or for a limited time. Also on l uiniture. Stocks of Goads, and Merchandise generally, en liberal terms. Their Capital, together with a Urge Surplus Fund. Is Invested in the most careful manner, which enablos tiietn to offer to tha insured an undoubted aeouritv in tbe oaaa I of lose. 1 vtlnvnT Psnlel Smith, Jr., 1 John Deverent, Alexander Henson, I Thomas Smith, Isiiao Har.lehurat, I Henry Lewis, Thomas Kobins, I J. t-illiugham Fall. i)aniel Haddock, Jr. UAN1F.L SMITH. Jb.. President. WM. O. CROWKLL. Secretary. Mi JMPERIAIj FIRE INSURANCE CO., LONDON. ESTABLISHED lSOIl. Pald-np Capital and Accumulated Funds, $8,000,000 IN GOLD. PEEVOST & HEEBIKG, Agentt, S 4! No. 101 S. THIRD Street, Philadelphia. CHAS. M. PREVOST. CIIAS. P. HERRING WINES. HER majesty: CHAMPAGNE. DUNTON & I.USSON, ' 215 SOUTH FRONT STREET. rpHE ATTENTION OF TnE TRADE IS A. solioited to tho following very Choice Wines, eto., for b DUNTON A LUSSOIf, (IB BOUTH FRONT STREET. OHAMPAGNK8. A gent J for faer Majesty, Duo do Monuibello, Carte Hleue, Carte Blanche, and Charleo Farre's Grand VinRugenie, and Via Imperial, M. Klee nuo00'' Maysaoe, Sparkling Mooello and BHINH WINKS, M A DK IRAS. Old Island, Sooth Side Reserve. SUF.RR1F.S. F. Kudolphe, Amontillado. Topai, Toi lette, Pal and Golden bar. Crown, eto. PORTS. Vintto Velho Real, Valletta, and Crown.' GLARKT8 Promis Aine A Die., Montiarrand and Bor deaux, Clarets and Santera Winea. GIN. "Meder Swan." BRAND1KS. Hennessey, Otard, Dnpny A Go 's various Vintage. 4 1 QARSTAIRS & McOALL, No, m WALNUT and 11 GRANITE Street. Importers of BRANDIES, WINKS, GIN, OLIVE OIL, KTO AKU COMMISSION MERCHANTS For tb sale of PURS OLD BYE, WHEAT, AND BOURBON WHIS . KHCS. flMKpv CARSTAIRS' OLIVE OII-AN INVOICK of tho above for sal by . , . . . CARSTAIRS A MoOALL. I !18 8pv Wo. 138 WALNUT and al GRANITKSto. BLANK BOOKS. BLANK BOOKS. The Largest Stock and Greatest Variety Of t FULL A3MD TJALr-BOUND BLANK BOOKS, MEMORANDUM, PASS, COPY-BOOKS, ETC. KTC. To be found In tali city, U at the OLD ESTABLISHED Blank Book Manufactory or JAS. B. SMITH & CO., No. 27 South SEVENTH St.. 9 23 thstu3m PHILADELPHIA. OFFICE AND SALESROOM, FIRST FLOOR ; WARS. ROOMS, UP STAIRS. DRUGS, PAINTS, ETC. JOBEKT SHOEMAKER & CO. K. Corner FOURTH and RACE Sts. PHILADELPHIA. WHOLESALE DRUGGISTS, Importer! end Hanur&ctaren of White lead and Colored Palnti, Puttyf Varnishes, Etc. AGENTS FOR THE CELEBRATED FRENCH ZINO PAINTS. De&len and consumer, inpplled at loweat prlcai forcaah. M. SXiVIlSIIAXXs, DRUGGIST AND CHEMIST, AND WHOLESALE DEALERS IN PAINTS, OILS. GLASS. AND PATENT MEDICINES, Kos. 1301 and 1U03 MAKKET St. 10-1 thstuftm I. T. IABTOH. mimn. 1? as 'l' if 91 c in a ii o;i U BMPVIN0 A fTT) VOMHISSION MKHCJU.KT No. a UOKNT1K.R SLIP, New York. No. 1H SOUTH WHAKVKS, I'hiladelphUv. No. is W. I'KAIT Strtet, Ballimor. W are prepared to sliip every description of Freight t4 Philadelphia. New York, Wilmington, and iotennwliai poiuts with promptnM. and-depaub. Oaomi UoaUaod bbeaw-luc faraiaii4 al tu kcrUM Mtis. uj