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CD' H H A o VOL. XIII NO. 138. PHILADELPHIA, FRIDAY, JUNE 10, 1870, DOUBLE SHEET THREE CENTS. FIEST EDITION OBITUARY. CHARLES DICKENS. Death of the Great Novelist, Yes terday Afternoon, Near Lon don, at the Age of 58. A SKETCH OF HIS LIFE. His Career as a Journalist, Novelist, and riaywright Tho Immor tal Mr. Pickwick, and His Oilier Household Characters. London, June 10. Charles Dickens, the emi nent author, died yesterday afternoon, at the age of fifty-eight. Later Particular. London, June 10. Charles Dickens died at twenty minutes past six o'clock last evening, of paralysis. THE CAKEER OF CHARLES DICKENS. The announcement which the above cable despatch makes will create a sensation no less profound in this country than in England. The voluminous writings of Mr. Dickens were so well known throughout the length and breadth of the land, his books have been for years in the hands of bo many, such eager mul titudes have thronged the halls in which his readings have been delivered, that his death will come home to hundreds of thousands, and will be mourned as would be the death of a near and valued personal friend. Ills EnrlT Life. Charles Dickens was born at Landport, Ports mouth, England, on the 7th of February, lSl'-J, and had, therefore fully completed his fifty eighth year at the time of his death. His father, John Dickens, had for many years held a posi tion in the pay department of the navy, from which he retired in 1815, on a pension. He was a man of considerable literary acquirements, and, removing to London after his resignation, he became connected with one of the daily papers of the English metropolis as a reporter of Par liamentary debates. His son Charles he in tended for the profession of the law, and accord ingly placed him at an early age in an attorney's office as a clerk. In this position he was by no means idle, but acquired a thorough knowledge of the complicated machinery and technical phraseology of tho law, which he was enabled in after years to turn to such excellent use. The drudgery of the work, however, weighed heavily upon his spirit, as a taste for literary pursuits was developed, and manifested chietly at first by an indiscriminate reading of novels and plays. He Becomes a Journalist. Happily, his father's journalistic associations enabled him to exchange his distasteful pursuits for a more congenial occupation. He became attached to the True Sun, a daily London jour nal, as a reporter, and soon after transferred himself to the Morning Chronicle, a paper which at that time possessed a large circulation uDd was at the very height of its popularity, under the management of Mr. John Black. It was in 1834 that he had begun to contribute to the Old Monthly Magazine, his first paper in that periodical being "Mrs. Joseph Porter over the way." This was followed by "Horatio Sparkins," and "The Boarding House," but it was not until the publication of the second paper under the last title that he assumed the pseudonym of "Boz,"as may be found by reference to the Old Monthly for August, 1834. Mr. Hack Boon recognized the ability of the young man, and gave him an opportunity to exercise it to the best advantage by publishing a series of "Sketches of English Life and Char acter," in which were displayed his versatility and piquancy of 6tyle. These sketches were published in the evening edition of the Chronicle, over the signature of 'Boz, and at once attracted great attention by reason of the remarkable and original vein of observa tion which characterized them, although by many they were denounced because the powers of the unknown writer were exercised to so great an extent in the delineation of scenes of misery and vice, and the exposure of the in firmities of humanity. The popularity of the sketches, however, was bo great, that in 1830-37 they were collected and published in three volumes, under the title of "Sketches by Boz," and enjoyed a large sale. Early Dramatic Triumphs. While writing the "Sketches," a strong incll nation towards the sUgo induced Mr. Dickens to test bis powers as a dramatist, and his first piece, a farce called The Strange Gen tleman, was produced at the St. James' Theatre on the opening night of the season, September 29, 1830. The late Mr. Harley was the hero of the farce, which was received with great favor, This was followed by an opera, called Tlie Villagt Coquettes, for which Mr. llullah cjomposed the music, and which was brought out at the same establishment, Tuesday, December 6, 1836. The quaint humor, unaffected patbos.and graceful lyrics of this production found prompt recognition, and the piece enjoyed a prosperous run. The Village Coquettes took its title from two village girls, Lucy and Rose, led away by Vanity, coquetting with men above them in tation, and discarding their humble though worthy lovers. Before, however, It is too late, bey see their error, aud the piece terminates arpily. "Miss llalnforth" and "Miss Julia mith" were the heroines, and "Mr. Bennet' Si "Mr. Gardner" were thair betrothed lovers. '' i;iaham" was the Lord ot the Manor, who ould have led aetray the fair "Lucy." There na a capital bteue where he was detected j "Lucy's" father, played ty Strickland, nrg eu elopeuK-tt, JIarley bad a trjflinj it v- . - . -is- . iiV h rytfii ' J CHARLES DICKENS As He Appeared in 1842, During His First Visit to the United States. part in the piece, rendered highly amusing by his admirable acting. On March 6, 1837, was brought out, at the St. James' Thea tre, a farce called Is She His Wife; or. Some thing Singular, in which Harlev played the principal character, "Felix Tapkins," a flirting bachelor, and sang a song in the character of Pickwick, "written expressly for him by Boz." The name of the author was not given in the playbill. But the celebrity so rapidly acquired by Mr. Charles Dickens in other departments of literature kept his pen from this time too constantly in request to enable him to follow up these early dramatic ventures. "The Pickwick Papers." The freshness, humor, and vivacity of the sketches of London life, and the dramatic power indicated by The Village Coquette, attracted the attention of Mr. Hall, a member of the well-known publishing firm of Chapman & Hall, who applied to "Boz" to prepare for them a serial story to be issued in monthly parts. The work was begun without any definite plan, as is almost patent to the casual reader in the early chapters. It was suggested to Mr. Dickens that the adventures and mishaps of a club made up of original and eccentric characters would afford a happy medium for displaying not only the powers of the author, but also those of the artist who was engaged to illustrate them, Mr. Seymour, a popular comic draughtsman. With this hint the first number of the "Posthumous Memoirs of the Pickwick Club" was prepared and given to the world, but before the second appeared the artist died by his own hand, and Mr. Hablot K. Browne, who was known under the name of "Phiz," was engaged to illustrate the succeeding numbers, which he did with all the spirit and vivacity inaugurated by hia predecessor. The work was completed and published in a collected iorm in io7. Jitit long uctore It was finished, it had attained a degree of popularity to which nothing in English literature since the appearance ot the waveriey Novels ailoraed a parallel. Between the appearance of tho first and last numbers of the work the author rose at one giant stride to the recognized position of the most popular living writer in the lan guage, a position which ho successfully main' tained to the day of his death. The wit, pathos, originality, and accuracy of his pictures of English life and manners, both high and low, touched the hearts and captivated the fancy of all classes. All England and America were thrown into an ecstatic laughter over the mishaps of Mr. Pickwick and his companions, the rare at tractions of the great trial scene of Bardell vs. Pickwick, and the quaint sayings, grotesque comparisons, and inimitable conversations of the two Wellers, father and son. Tho sayings of the incomparable Samlvel were quoted by speakers In the houses of Parliament and by the ragged gamins in the slums of London. In less than six months from the appearance of the first number, the names of Winkle, Wardle, Weller, Snodgrass, Dodson, and Fogg had become faml liar as household terms. "Pickwick chintzes" figured in shop windows, and "Weller cordU' roys" in tailors' advertisements; "Boz cabs" were rattling through the streets of London, and the portraits of the author of "Pelham" or "Crichton" in the omnibuses ware 6crapcd down or paEted over, to make room for those of the new popular favorite. A fresh veiu of humor had been opened, an original genius had sprung up. and even the bsavy (quarterly lieviexo ac knowledged that "tho most cursory reference to preceding English writers of the comic order would show that, in his own peculiar walk, Mr, Dickens is not simply the most distinguished, but the first." And the man who had thus thrown not only London, but every English- speaking community in the world, into aa almost unparalleled furore, was but twenty-five years old, and this was his first serious etlort in the walks of literature. Taking Into consldera tion his youth and his surroundings, his sudden fame was fairly without a parallel in the whole history of letters. The Appearance of "Oliver Twist." The name of the author of the "Pickwick Papers was not aunounced until 1838, but as soon as they were fairly under, way proposals from tho leading London publishers flowed In upon him with unexampled rapidity. He accepted from among all these the offer of Mr Bentlev, and became editor of lientley'$ Miscel lany, in the second number of which, for Feb ruary. 1837. appeared the first Instalment of "Oliver Twist." The story, admirably illustrated by George Cruikshank, at once became a favorite, and is still regarded as one of the author s most strlkiug novels. This novel fully sustained the high reputation acquired by the "Pickwick Papers." Although its humor was not eo rich, nor so abundant, nor so genial, as that displayed in the preceding work, it possessed a deeper tragic power, espe dally in the painting of the deeper passions of the soul and tho terrible retributions of crime In "Oliver Twist," as in "Nicholas Nickleby," which was issued in shilling numbers, uniform with "Pickwlek," thortly after the completion of that work, Mr. Dickens dealt with abuses and cruelties which prevailed In certain public In stitutions, and was happily instrumental in re it 1 . . . l . i r . i ... . Indeed, it is noticeable that in most of his novels he has battled with some covert wrong against society, and, while adding to literature a crowd of imperishable creations, has taught the world the most thorough lessons In human charity and love. "Nicholas Nickleby'' and Its Successor. "Oliver Twist" appeared collectively in 1838, and 1839 the "Life and Adventures of Nicholas Nickleby" was completed and given to the world entire. In 1840 Mr. Dickens undertook, and completed in the succeeding year, the produc- tun of a series of talcs in weekly numbers, undtr the general title of "Master Humphrey's Clock." It was in this series that "The Old Curiosity Shop" and "Barnaby Itudge'' were first given to the world. While "Master Humphrey's Clock" was still running, he edited the "Me moirs of JosephGrimaldi," the celebrated clown. Mr. Dickens' First Visit to the Vnlted Ntate. On finishing "Master Humphrey's Clock" Mr. Dickens sailed from England for the United State?, to gather material for a volume upon the men and manners of the New World. He arrived in Boston on January 22, 1842, and sailed for England again on June 3 of the same year. During this brief sojourn he travelled extca sii'ely through the Northern and Eastern 8tates, and was everywhere received with great enthu siapm. After his return to Bngland, he pub lished, in 1842, the result of his observations in a work entitled "American Notes for General Circulation." This work, however, added but little to his reputation, and many of his observa tions and criticisms drew from those who had been his warm admirers heretofore earnest and decided protests. After his second visit to this country, however, he made a rather unsatisfac tory apology for his unkind allusions, by stating that he had found so many improvements since his first visit as to render his adverse criticisms uncalled for at present, and that all future edi tions of the "American Notes" would contain a statement to that effect. The Establishment of the London "Dalbjr news." "Martin Chuzzlewit" appeared in numbers in 1844, and in the summer of that year the author visited Italy. He returned home after an absence of several months to assist in founding a cheap daily newspaper of liberal politics. Having organized a large literary staff, and enlisted the services of many of the ablest writers of the day, he issued in January, 1840, the first number of the Daily News, acting as editor-in-chief, and contributing to its columns tho results of his Italian journey, subsequently reprinted in book form as "Pictures from Italy." The Daily News well under way, Mr. Dickens retired from the editorial management in order to de vote himself to pursuits more congenial and to the world at large, not less than to himself, more important. Ills "Christmas Stories.', It was in 1843 that he gave us the first of his Inimitable Christmas books "A Christmas Carol;" the second, "The Chimes," in 1815; and the third, "The Cricket on the Hearth," in 1810. To this catalogue can be added the title of many a charming holiday volume, wholly or in part from Mr. Dickens' pen. It has been pleasantly said that Christmas in England owes most of its cheer and kindly usage to Charles Dickens that it is his good heart which beats ia Eu in land's bosom at Christmas time. "Household Words" anil "All the Year Kouml." In 1S47-8 Mr. Dickens published "Dombcy and Son;" iu 1849 50, "David Copperfield;" "iileak House" in 1853; "Hard Times" in 1S34; nnd "Little Dorrit" in 1850. In 1850 Mr. Dickens started Household Words, a weekly miscellany of popular litera ture, which he conducted uutu 18)9, when, in consequence ol a misunderstanding tnat had arisen between him and his publishers, he dis continued the journal, and in its place esta blished All the Year Hound, which he continued to edit to the time of his death. In Household Words first appeared his "Child's History of England," republished separately in 1852, and his story of "Hard Times." In All tlie Year Hound first appeared "A Tale of Two Cities, 'The Uncommercial Papers," and "Great Ex pectations." Ills Latest Works. In 18G4 Mr. Dickens published "Our Mutual Friend" in serial form, but after that wrote nothing except brief sketches or occasional essays for his journal, until the appearance, about two monthaago, of the first instalment of "The Mystery of Edwin Drood." His Second Visit to the United States was of such comparatively recent occurrence that but little need be said concerning it. lie landed at Boston on November 19, 1807, having been preceded by some months by Mr. George Dolby, his advance agent, who made all the necessary arrangements for the reading tour upon which he was to enter. He had attained a high reputation as a reader of his own works in England, and this circumstance, taken in con nection with his great popularity, created an unparalleled furore in all the American cities which he was destined to visit. So great, indeed, was the demand for tickets, that the adventurous speculators rushed in between him and the public, and the manner in which the tickets were disposed of, aud the extortionate premiums frequently paid, created not a little scandal and sadly marred the success of his visit. His first reading in the United States was given in Boston, at the Treinont Temple, on the evening of December 2; on December 9, he made his first appearance in New York, at Stelnway Hall, and on January 13, 1808, he appeared for the first time before a Philadelphia audience, at Concert Hall. His tour was extended only to Baltimore and Wash ington, in addition to the cities above named, all proffers for a visit to Chicago and other Western cities being steadily refused, and in the summer of 1808 he returned to England. His Farewell of the Public. After his return home he continued to give readings in different parts of England, but on the evening of March 10th last he brought to a close at St. James Hall, In Loudon, the meuior able series of readings which had for fifteen years proved to audiences unexampled in num bers, a source of tho highest Intellectual enjoy ment. In tho remarks which he made on this occasion he said in conclusion: "1 have tnoueht It well, at the fall flood-tide of your favor, to retire upon those older associations between us. which duto from niU'jh further back than these, and heme lor th to devote myself ex I'lusivl'iv to me art that lirst brought us together, threat applause.) l a lies and geutleinen, ia but two short weeks from this time, I hope that you in it enter, in jour own houses, ou a uew 'denes of Kdad hips,' at which my assistaneo will be Indispensable; but Irom ihtae Kariaii iiKhti l vauisa now lor ever nmre. with a heartfelt, grateful, respectful, and ai'tc'ivuate farewell." Ills Domestic Relations. In 1858 Mr. Dickens separated from his wife amicably, after having lived with her for twenty years, several children being the fruits of the marriage. Great scandal, of course, was attached to this event, but Mr. Dickens has himself ex plained that the cause which led to it was an nncongeniality of temper, which implied no dishonor to either party. For some years before his death he resided at God's Hill, Kent, about an hour's ride by rail way from London, on the road to the beautiful old cathedral town of Canterbury, celebrated for its historical associations, and for being the metropolitan sec of all England. The house is described as being one of those comfortable old faehioncd mansions which seem to have taken root nowhere but in the most picturesque parts of rural England, and are the brick and mortar embodiment of the idea of home. A lie view of .11 r. Dickens' Literary Career. It is scarcely possible now to make a per fectly just and critical estimate of the genius of Mr. Dickens, or to prejudge the verdict of pos terity. The crucial test of time, and tho calm judgment of another generation that will know the man merely as one among the illustrious concourse that have made the fame of English literature, will determine the artistic value of his labors and his proper place in the role of honor that is headed by the names of Shake speare and Milton. Whatever posterity may think of Mr. Dickens, however, it is undeniable that he was a power in his own day, and no fiction-writer that has ever lived has cvercxerted the same influence or produced tho same decisive results in promoting the reform of abuses, or in exciting a sympa thy for the roor and oppressed. It is a question whether the principal end and aim of true art should be the reform of social aud political abuses, and upon this to a great extent depends the probability of the works of Mr. Dickens maintaining the same hold upon the public of a hundred years hence that they do upon that of the present day. It is certain that many abuses can be attacked successfully in a work of fiction that it would be impossible to reach in any other way, and the endeavors of Mr. Dickens to carry out important measures of reform by means of his novels are entitled to recelvc.'as they have received, a most cordial recognition. It is the fate of such works, however, to be more or less ephemeral; and looking at the mattter from an artistic standpoint and it is only from such a standpoint that the real value of a work of art can bo determined we cannot but think that Mr. Dickens' writings are too much of the time and for the time to secure for them that lasting favor that is accorded to the works of men who were distinctively artists. Thackeray has been frequently alluded to as a disciple of Fielding, but in reality Dickens, much more than his distinguished contemporary, was the legitimate successor of Fielding and Smollett, and his writings, like theirs, will pro bably in future years rather engage the atten tion of the students of literature than that of general readers. The life described by Fielding and Smollett was something remote from that of our days, and it had but little iu it that we especially we of the New World, can heartily sympathize with. As clearly drawn pictures of a certain development of civilization and certain conditions of society, the works of the novelists named will always have a certain value that will give them a place in literature; and so will those of Mr. Dickens, for the same reason. Mr. Dickens has just died, having scarcely passed middle age, and yet the people and the society that he sketched with such humor and power in his earlier efforts is almost as remote and strange as that which engaged the attention of Fielding and Smollett. It is this impression of remoteness that the early writings of Dick' ens leave upon the readers of this day that gives force to the thought that succeeding years will scarcely add to his fame, and that another generation will be unable to understand the enormous popularity he enjoyed with the people of to- day. In referring to Mr. Dickens as a novelist of the school of Fielding and Smollett, we of course do not mean to intimate that he was in any re spect a copyist of those writers. Indeed, it was the marked originality of his genius that made his first literary efforts so enormously popular, and that gave him the leading position among the English fiction-writers of the age that he held without dispute to the day of hia death. His first sketches of life and character published under the nom de plume of "Boz," and afterwards his "Pickwick," made their mark instantly, be cause they were fresh and original, and because they revealed a new vein of rich and racy hu mor. The public were beginning to tire of the fashionable novels of high life, and the humor ously exaggerated descriptions of low life and the respectable middle class ociety hit their fancy exactly. It has repeatedly been remarked that no writer since Shakespeare has created so many characters that appear like living men and women, as Dickens. There is this important difference, however, between the two writers: Shakespeare was above all things an artist. He had no other end in view than to produce perfect works of art; and while his characters are all intellectual analyses, those of Mr. Dickens are merely described by the gro tesque exaggeration of their outward appear ance, their physical defects, their clothing, and their bodily habits. It is scarcely necessary to point out that this distinction makes all the dif ference in the world with regard to the art value of the work performed by the two writers, and no one capable of expressing an opinion on the subject would ever think of placing Dickens by the side of Shakespeare as a creative artist. When "Pickwick" made a hit Mr. Dickens found the way to fame and fortune open to him, and be marked out a Hue of work that he ad hered to resolutely during the rest of his career. "Pickwick" was quickly followed by "Oliver Twist," "Nicholas Nickelby," "The Old Curi osity Shop." and "Barnaby Uudge," all of which brought him both wealth and honor, and ex tended his fame on both sides of the Atlantic. The Immense circulation that his writings en joyed In the United Slates made the lack of an international copyright law appear very much in the light of a personal and special grievance. He therefore determined to visit this country for the double purpose of seeing the people and of proving the justice of the claims of British authors. It is not to be denied that a great mauy people in tho United States made con stimulate fools of themselves in their efforts to be hospitable on this occasion, and there were grotesque features in the various receptions given lo Mr. Dickens that at this day appear excessively comical. However absurd were tie CHARLES DICKENS As He Appeared in 1808, During His Secotid and Last Visit to the United States. attentions paid, there was a sincerity and genuine heartiness about the welcome extended to Mr. Dickens that a man of really fine feelings could scarcely have failed to appreciate at its real value in spite of the absurdities that sur rounded it. As the adulations bestowed upon him had been fulsome, the indignation was over powering when it was found that this over- welcomed guest turned the whole thing into ridicule as soon as he had reached home, and that both in his "American Notes" and in his no vel of "Martin Chuzzlewit" he had little else but abuse and sarcasm to bestow upon either the country or the people. Of late there has been an attempt to condone Mr. Dickens' offense on this occasion, and to take all the blame for the unfortunate misnnderstanding upon ourselves. We cannot look upon the matter in this light, and no candid reader of "The American Notes" or "Martin Chuzzlewit can say that they are not malicious and intentionally insulting. Tho real offense of Mr. Dickens was not that he freely criticized what he thonght wrong in the manners of the people of the United States or their institutions, but that from the first time of his landing upon these shores he was in a bad humor with him' 6clf and with everybody about him, and he was unable consequently to see any good thing. He must have seen plenty of opportunities for good natured caricature and humorous description; but throughout the wholo of the "American Notes" there is only one example, so far as we can recollect, of a humorous character that he seemed to appreciate, and that is the "Brown Forester" that he met on a canal-boat In this State, and even the "Brown Forester" he seems to have considered as more of a personal griev ance than as a subject for artistic treatment, The rough-and-ready style of travelling that was characteristic of the old canal packets did not suit him at all, and he seemed to think that it had been invented especially for his personal annoyance; and yet any person who has ever travelled in one of these boats would imagine that a humorous writer of all others would have endured all the inconveniences for tho Eake of racy and original specimens of American men and women with whom he would be thrown in contact. Mr. Dickens did not like the rail roads any better than the canals, and when a writer represents himself as looking out of a car window, and mistaking the spittle ejected by independent American citizens for thick flying bits of cotton, it is evident that his statements of fact' and opinion are scarcely entitled to respectful consideration. In writing as he did about this country, Mr. Dickens proved that he was lack ing in the finer gentlemanly instincts, and that, so far from taking a manly and Independent view of things, he was content to follow in the wake of other British snobs who find a cheap sort of popularity at Home by abusing a people, institutions, and manners that they cannot and do not care to under stand. After "Martin Chuzzlewit" came his "Christmass Stories," "Dorabey and Son and "David Copperfield," in which his genius reached its climax. Mr. Dickens himself ac knowledges this work to be his masterpiece, and his own opinion is supported by that of a ma jority of his readers. In the works that suc ceeded "David Copperfield" there is a gradual but visible decline, until in ms latest euorts a noticeable falling off of the old power is observable. It is true that these later works are all distinctly marked by the characteristics of his genius, but the humor is often forced, the sentiment more mawkish than ever, aud there is a ten dency to prosiness that distinctly indicates the failing artist. Let any one read "Oliver Twist," Dombey and Son," and "David Copperfield," and then attempt "Great Expectations" and "Our Mutual Friend," and the immense differ ence will be apparent at once. His last novel, "The Mystery of Edwin Drood," has not sufll ciently advanced to form, a just opinion of it, but the opening chapter shows more of the old fire than any of his other recent efforts. It is sincerely to be hoped that the death of the author has not left this story a mere fragment like the "Denis Duval" of Thackeray, but that ere he was called away he finished it, and rounded off his life's labors with a last work that will be worthy to be placed beside those that have for so long delighted millions of readers. If Mr. Dickens had not taken up authorship as a profession, he would probably have made one of the first histrionic artists of the day. His talents as an actor were undoubtedly of the first order, and those who had heard of his per formances in private hailed with delight the announcement of his intention to give public readings from his own works. These readings were immensely successful in England, and the recent professional tour of Mr. Dickens in this country is still fresh In the minds of the public, Merely as an elocutionist he had many palpable faults, but for humorous and pathetic expres sions in his reading, and for a power of repre senting the various characters introduced iu the stories selected for his entertainments, he sur passed any reader of the present day. These readings were a source of genuine delight to- thoufands, as they not ouly gave the public an opportunity to see the great writer who had afforded them so many pleasant hours, but conferred the unique pleasure of hearing the most original aud racy humorist of the d.iv embody his own creations. In making a summary estimate of the genius acd labors of Mr. Dk keus it seems to us that his highest and lowest moral influences arise from tho tame cause, his wonderful genius for caricature. All vices arising from simple motives he makes contemptible and hideons avarice, cruelty, selfishness, hypocrisy, especially reli gious hypocrisy. But then he has a great ten dency to make the corresponding virtues ludi crous too by his over-colored sentiment. The brothers Cheeryble always seem to be rubbing their bands from intense brotherly love; the self- abandonment of Tom Pinch is grotesque; the elaborate self-disguise of Mr. BoQla as a miser. in order to warn Bella Wllfer of her danger, is an insult to both the reason and conscience of the reader; and Mr. Dickens' saints, like that Agnes in "David Copperfield" who insists on pointing upwards, are invariably detestable. His morality concentrates itself on tho two strong points we have named, a profound hor ror of cruelty and a profound contempt for humbug; but Mr. Dickens has no fine percep tion for the Inward shades of humbug relaxed and cosseted emotions. His greatest service to English literature will, after all, be not his high morality, which is altogether wanting in delicacy of insight, but in the complete harmlessness and purity of the immeasurable humor into which he moalds his enormous stores of acute observation. Almost all creative humorists tend to the Impure like Swift and Smollett, even Fielding. On tho other hand, there are plenty of humorists who are not creative, who take the humor out of themselves and only apply it to what passes, like Charles Lamb and Sydney Smith. But Dickens uses his unlimited powers of observa tion to create for himself original fields of hu mor, and crowds grotesque and elaborate detail around the most happy conceptions, without ever being attracted for a moment towards any prurient or unhealthy field of laughter. Thus, as by far the most popular and amusing of all English writers, he provides unlimited food for a great people without infusing any really dan gerous poison into it. In this way, doubtless, he has done a service which can scarcely bo overestimated. On.llc Despatelics. Late and Fuller Particulars. Mr. Dickens is Seized with His Fatal Illness at Dinner on Wed nesday, and Dies on Thurs day Evening Profound Expressions of Grief in tho English Journals. London, June 910 P. M. Tho London Globe, in its last edition this evening, startled the community with the announcement that Charles Dickens had been seized with paralysis, and was lying insensible at his residence, at Gadshill, near Rochester, in Kent. The news spread rapidly and created the most profound regret; but the worst was Btill to come. 1 elegrams have since been received announcing the death of tho great novelist at quarter past 0 this evening. Dickens was at a dinner on Wednesday, when he was seized with the fit. Dr. Steel, of the village of Stroud, who was for many years tho family physician of Mr. Dickens, was imme diately called in, and remained till nearly mid night. The condition of the patient becoming worse and worse it was deemed advisable to summon physicians from London. Telegrams were promptly despatched, and this morning several London physicians arrived at Gadshill. A consultation was held, and the case at once pronounced hopeless. The patient sank gradu ally, and died at fifteen mihutcs past 6 o'clock this eventng. Mr. Dickens has been ill for several days, but not seriously. He had even visited Rochester and other points during the present week. Remarks of the London Journals. London, June 10. The death of Dickens has plunged the nation into mourning. All tho London papers have obituary articles this morning. The Times Bays: "Ordinary expressions of regret are now cold aud conventional. Millions of people feel a personal bereavement. States men, savanB, and benefactors of a race, when they die, can leave no such void. They cannot, like this great novelist, be an Inmate of every house." The Daily News says: "Without intelloctual pedigree, his writings form an era in English literature. He was generous, loving, and uni versally beloved. He leaves, like Thackeray, an unfinished story." The Morning Post says: "Charles Dickens did more than any contemporary to make Eng lish literature loved and admired." The Telegraph regards the distinguished dead as a public servant whose task was nobly ful filled. EXTRAORDINARY IXSAXI TY. Unaccountable Action ol a Jerser Policeman. A few days ag o.uear the Market Street Depot in Newark, tho attention f the venerable Hen Gott was attracted to a large crowd in the square, and pushing his way through, he discovered a woman struggling violently w ith two men, one of whom wore the uniform of a l'hilllpsburg policeman, on Inquiry it was discovered that the woiuun was a ravlug maniac, named Caroline bniitb, of Phillipsljurg. Fur ther inquiry developed the fact that tim oillcer had been Instructed to bring her t j Ne wait, and there turn her adrift ou the community ; that ou the way thither she had become so violent iu Uin cars that a second oillcer had to be called luaiElizi beth; and that an abortive attempt had been made to get her out of the cars at the c'hesnut street depot iu Newark, tha plau being apparently to , lace her ou the platform and then leava her to the mercy of tt rangers, or rather pU'ie strangers at her mercy. The uufortauate woniau scratched, tore, and bit whenever sue pot u chance. I'ncle lieu insisted that the l'hilllpsburg man; should not leave hU charge, a ml oitlered liiui to take her to the man n house, w hich be did, clving hla name as John It linker, No. . Heh.lt the woman In charge of the Newark authorliiea, with the uuderstmdmg that as Boon b he could K-t back home he woutd consult wlih hla superiors atout the woman. Sowing has since been heurd of the otlloer or from ih-i Phillips burg authoiiiles In the meantime Ciroliut tore every btuch off her back aud persisted in rcusainuig in her cell throughout Wetlueadny nij;ht t.-i pun itaturalibuH. Khe refused everything iu th way of food and di ink, and b. havcd inoHt violently to the prison attendant. Yesterday aiteruoun she ws placed in a HiaitiH jacket and removed to the county jail. Her ease and tho action of luwer is to be oilicially liqiiirtd ihto.-A ) HtiaiO, t'l-iUiy.