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THE BASQUE PEOPLE.
In two successive articles of the "Bulletin Trimestriel de 1a Sooiete llitnonJ," M. Eugene Cordir hns given a description, of some of the laws and customs prevailing among the Basques, that singular race droll ing tipon the slopes of the Western Pyre nees, whose language and whose origiu are alike a puzzle to antiquarians, and who, me tering in all about eight hundred and forty thouRand souls, hare contrived to rauntaiu what may . fairly be called their nationality distinct from both France and Spain. The governments of these countries have striven hard to extir pate the old Basque tongue, but though it is at length gradually yielding, yet it hviliu j .va a strange and raost obstinate vitality. Be sides this, tu Basques possess a system of legislation on ch social subjects a the succession to property parental and con jugal rights, and the riu11 and powers of women, of such ooniDletenes & specialty as is rarely to be found in EuroW- Some ! of these laws, and of thn may be interesting to our readers. For chiefly indobtcd to LllO UkKt It w w.- - fiieur Michel's interesting work, "Le Pays Basque." The Basquos are physically a fine race, though goitre and cretinisuie are by no means unknown among them. As a rule, however, the men are tall, brave, and active, and pos sess considerable though uncultivated intel ligence. Michel tells how Gonzalo Fernandez de Cordova was provoked t j exclaim that "ho had rather have lions to guard than Bis cay ens to govern," and points out how the energy and perfect health of the Basque pea sant make him, even after a hard day s work, scorn repose in the chimney nook, and seek instead recreation in dances, or athletic sports. Bull-lights are among their favorite diver sions, but they are of the less cruel kind; that is, the bull is not killed, but replaced, when tired, by a fresh one. Sometimes, also, a bull, or even a cow is restrained by a ropa, and all comers are invited to try their skill and agility, with just sufliciont risk to render the sport exciting. Sometimes a jar, with a mouth much smaller than the interior, is imbedded in the centre of the arena; a child placed in it, strikes the bull as he cpproaches, and then ducks into his jar, vanishing utterly into the ground, much to the animal's amazement as he makes his rush. The Jeu de Paume, a kind of tennis, has long been a passion with the Basques. The name of a first-rate player flies from village to village, until it becomes a house hold word in the most remote mountain cottage. At the time of the first French, revolution, one Perkain, who had taken refuge in Spain, heard that his rival, G.i XUtchet, was challenging players in France, lie could not resist the temptation. lie rossed the frontier, played, won, and escaped safe back to Spain, applauded and assisted by thousands. To be either player or spectator of the game, a Basque will willingly walk daring the whole of the preceding and following nights; soldiers desert their regiments to be present; some have unexpectedly appeared on the ap pointed day even from the banks of the Panube. Under the empire, fourteen sol diers of one regiment left the army without permission, journeyed to the distant St. were back or the baujjg 0f tho lihfue in the ! nick of time for the battle of Ansterlitz. Wagers are freely made upon the game, but etiquette prescribes that no man shall back a player who does not speak his 'dialect. It is not thought dishonorable in a player to play below his strength at first in order to tempt the ring to put their money on his adversaries. It is fraudulent, however, if ho intend ulti mately to lose. Dancing is another delight. Here is an amusing description, from Monsieur Michel, of a genuine Basque evening. You, the reador, are supposed to be a stranger, and to find yourself near a mountain hamlet on a cold winter night. You resolve to ask for hospitality at a certain house, being sure, from its ruddy glow, that a merry company are assembled within. The door being opened, you find yourself in a spacious kitchen. An enormous log blazes on the hearth, around which a cheerful party is assembled. On the right sits an old man in an anoient wooden arm chair, consecrated by the use of genera tions. Near him sit other venerable men, and behind is a group of the yonng men of the village. On the left are the women and girls, spinning wool or the fine flax of i be country. You are cordially received, and the circle opens to admit you to the warmest place by the roaring fire, but be ware of expecting any further deferedce ! "Whatever may be your rank in civilized society, you are entitled here to no more than the courtesy due to a welcome visitor. Soon begins a catechism which your supe rior knowledge is supposed to enable you to answer. What news is stirring ? What are the morals, customs, religions, languages of other countries? How must one figure to oneself Paris, and Bordeaux, and so on ? At first your replies are not reoeive J with out a shade of suspicion; a thousand ques tions are put, and small objections raised, so as to detect any inconsistencies in your aeplies. But you have answered honestly; your replies have been clear, serious, ami truthful, and so you come out unscathed from the ordeal. Then, indeed, you rise to the position of an honored guest. Each vies with the other in making much of you and in appreciating your merits; the women and girls, for the first time, take part in the questioning; the grey-beards plunga into politics, and philosophize at their ease; the hours glide swiftly by, and only among the group of young men, a certain restlen ness about the feet betrays their fear lest the time for the niutchioo, or Saut Basque, should be forgotten. But at length some jovial mountaineer, whose white hairs have not rendered him oblivious of his youth, turns suddenly round, claps his band with a merry Jtouv! and strikes up the national air. In a moment half-a-dozen young fellows ara do scribing the semicircle acoording to which the movements of the dance are to be erecute.1; every other man turns his back to the lira. and constitutes himself a judge. Silence is established, and the old men, especially, look gravely on, inexorable to any new fangled innovation or ill-exeouted stap. Watch that young fellow whose dancing i i Toted perfect; bis figure straightened, h'u shoulders well down, bis head slightly bowed, bis arms banging with careful care lessness, bis serious expression shoiaj that he is sensible of the solemn responsi bility upon him J The girls, meanwhile, ara supposed to remain unmoved, but soon tua chairs begin to creak, and, as if of their own accord, turn slightly from the hearth, and towards the centre of the room. Many a stolen glance from many a bright eye criti cises or encourages the performers, who ara by no mearw insensible to their rays. More and more active grows the dancer, more and xcore springy becomes the step, until at I.nt THE DAILY EVENING! TELEGKAFB PHILADELPHIA SATURDAY trial of skill. Two sticks are crossed at right angles, and the object of the dancer is to continue a; series of marvellous evolutions from one angle to the other for so long a time as to tire out the musician who performs the accompaniment. If he snoceed, with a bound he seizes the sticks, and his triumph is complete. . A Basque proverb says, "A good jumper may often be found under a bad cloak," meaning that a poor dress may coyer a uuuw ueuiT. The honor of exocuting the first mutehico (from mutehico, boys, or young men) after one of the pastoral representations of which the Basques are passionately fond, is put up to auction, and is so hotly competed for by the young men of different parishes, that the successful commune has frequently to pay a hundred and fifty or two hundred francs. The privilege of dancing the second, and then the third, is also Bold to the highest bidders, the sum released going far towards defraying the expenses of the temporary theatre, which in opeuea grans to tne spectators. Many of the pastorals are of a sacred ohinMnv and are drawn from the Bible or the lives of saiu iQ' thers turn npon the 8tr"Sgle between 3T''t ' (lre!s needed for these nth i n ct Viam aa k representations cost . , "lhesV tamed by ransacking the . .,, neifrllbo chateau or bourgeois house in w. " . hood, the owner being bound bycW"" lend for the purpose whatever ho may cbanc to possess of beautiful or antique; should he refuse, some means would d?"btles fQ( of making him smart for his churlish ness. Under these circumstances dra matic accuracy of costume is not to be expected; but the savagery of the Mussulman princes is duty suggested by their blood-red garments, their head dresses of cylindrical shape, adorned with plumes and little looking-glasses, and their large, clumsy boots, Not many years ago another and more ques tionable kind of pastoral now dis couraged by the police was in vogue. If a matrimonial scandal shocked a village, instead of being treated to the "rough music," common still in some parts of England, the offending husband or wife was caricatured upon the stage. A poet was sent for (and every Basque is more or less of a rhymester), to whom every attainable detail was related, and whose business it then was to compose a kind of sarcastic drama for the occasion, and as the identity of the offender was made clear by the actor who personated him mimicking, as .exactly as he could, his dress, voice, and manner, the un lucky spouse who had drawn upon himseli or herself this stinging punishment might well vow amendment for the future. Mock courts of justice used also to be held, for the purpose of putting down social vices, and testing the eloquence of the young men. A grfad procession, with music, dancers, etc., inaugurated the day. The actors representing the persons con cerned in the misdeed were drawn slowly along in a carriage, preceded by an usher, mounted on donkey-back, with his face tail ward, and surrounded by harlequins and policinelli. Arrived at the court, the prisoner was accused and defended at great length by two advocates; solemn messages were despatched to the Senate. the Ministers, and even tU King, en treating advice, At length the "case was decided"; thtj accused was couvicted, and Sentenced to death; he escaped, but was hero ically recaptured, and the sentence was on the point of execution, when a courier was beheld arriving m breathless haste, who proves to be the bearer of a royal pardon, ihis usually terminated the proceedings, and judge and advocates were wont to give place to the mu sicians, and to wind up the evening with a dance. Women and girls do not, as a rule, take part in the acting of these pastorals, though in private houses they also some times dance the mutcmco; but tney are by no means behind their husbands and brothers in energy and line neaitn. liiey take their full nharo in the labors of the field, and it is a saying among the Spanish Basques that the country is never bettor cul tivated than when, all the men being gone to the wars, it is left to the sole management of the women. Their strength being thus de veloped, their children come into the world with the greatest ease, and more than one baby passed its first day of life in the shade of the tree beneath which it first saw the light, while its mother resumed her work. In general, however, a week's rest is allewed; but the old and strange custom of "la couvade" does not even now seem wholly abandoned in th e more remote districts. This custom consists in the mother of a new-born child giving up her place to its father, who remains in bed with the infant for a period varying from a few hours to four days, during which time he feasts with his friends, while the wife cooks and waits upon the party. It is a moot point among the curious bow this extraordinary custom originated. The first striking peculiarity in the Basque succession law is the rigid rule of primogeni ture, applied "without distinction of sex or person (noble or not), of property, movable or fixed, private or common (between a mar ried couple), in direct and collateral line, to relatives of all degrees, and to their descend ants and representatives forever." Should the heir consent to the alienation of property under pressing need, the liberty to redeem it remains with him and bis successors, in Soule during forty years, in Labourt in perpetuity; and in old times, if a stranger acquired fixed property among the French Basques, every purse was opened to assist in effacing, by means of this right, what was regarded as a national disgrace. The future of the eldest of the family thus secured, the younger children are almost without rights; and they are considered in the light of born servitors, or, as they used to be called, slaves; though, according to Bela, emancipation is JossiLle at five-and-twenty. In the valley of iareges they take no part in the municipal elections, and, in general, the rights and privileges of citizens are denied them. Their parents or relations put aside some small sura for them, which is strictly prevented from encroaching on the rights of the eldest, and should the younger brother or sister refuse to serve until marriage in the house of the fortunate heir, or, leaving it, to bring home all gain elsewhere earned, even this blight provision may be withheld. A youDer brother, in fact, is the unpaid servant of bis eldest brother, or sister, until his marriage; should he take a jourgc-r daughter for his wife, ho cannot become a citizen of her birth-place; but he acquires a certain degree of inde pendence. His goods and those of his wife are, at least, in common, although in some pints the wife is free to enter into contracts without the sanction of her hus band, the fnlnluif-fet of the engagement being, however, deferred until Li: daath. But bhould he marry an heiress, not only does hhe remain Load of the family (a position sometimes indicated by a particular costume), but he fui!s to in;.n personal independence. that of bis wife; which, apaio, is derived from her house, each dwelling retaining its own nam, which must be borne by its successive owners. Even in cases where the hus band is possessed of independent, wealth, but lives upon the property of his wife, the rights of the head of the family remain intact. He cannot remove either his children or bis wife from her house; he cannot give permission to his younger bous- to leave the maternal roof, thotigh his wife .may do so. Should she leave him a widower, her mother, if living, has, at Bareges, more authority over his children than he has himself. He is not allowed to administer their property, nor to be master of their house; without their consent he cannot bring home a second wife: and, in Soule, where the epoux dotal enjoys a quarter of the property of his deceased wife, he is not permitted to establish a second wife upon even this share, without the con sent of the surviving grandparent. Should he be childless, his dowry is, indeed, returned to him; but, like the Irish tenant, he has no security for any improvements made upon bis wife's property. Generally speaking, every wife is free to make a will, at the age of eighteen, without the consent of her husband; in Soule a girl who has inherited her property may bequeath at fifteon. The consent of the head of the house is indeed needful to the marriage of the eldest child in extreme youth; later, how ever, not only is he (and exactly the same rule applies to a daughter's case) free to vrwfj without consent, but if he pay the dowry which Ii ivea TfitU bis wife into the hands of the proprietory parent, the latter is compelled to share his goods, and even his house, with the newly-married couple. Among the Trench Basques a similar arrangement takes place in the second, and even in the third genera tion; separate bouses are frequently built for the accommodation of the young house hold; but if there be but one, it must be sharod. Such a plan, it need scarcely be said, does not conduce to family harmony, espe cially as, where only one parent survives, should he, after the division, be guilty of waste or extravagance in the management of his share, it may be taken from him, and added to the portion of the younger pair. In Soule, the magistracy is hereditary, end devolves upon "the sieurs ou demoiselles" oi" certain noble families. The ladies do not, however, exercise the privilege, but they transmit it to their eldest sons, or can secure it to their husbands, if they be judged worthy of the honor. Although women do not, nown dnys, take pari in public matters among the Basques, yet there. is evidence to show that they formerly did so, at least to some extent. In the year 13K!, the Abbe of Lavedau Laving consulted the inhabitants of Cau terets, who were his serfs, upon the subject of changing the site of their town, the ques tion was put to the vote,and an authentic docu ment is still extant bearing the names of the voters. Among these are many names of women, of which only one corresponds with that of any man upon the list. They were not, therefore, married to any of the masculine voters. They may have been wives of younger sons, to whom no vote was accorded, or widows, or unmarried women, in possession of their property. Monsieur Lngrese, whoso re searches disinterred this docu ment, justly points to the sub ject as one which deserves further investigation. AVe commend it to the no tice of those who wish to see women admitted to a share in the franchise, and even now, should any of Mr. Mill's disciples stray, in their summer wanderings, to the beautiful little village of St. Jean de Luz, at the foot of the Western Pyrenees, they may have the pleasure of observing a people among whom the woman is at least before the law con sidered the equal of the man. All tc Year Hound. . INSTRUOT ION. 77DGEHILL, MEItCIIANTVILLE, N. J., WILL EE -opened for SUMMER BOARDEliS from July 1 to September 15, 1670. Tbo House is new and pleaf anily located, with plenty or bliade. Rooms large and airy, a a jmoer of them communicating, and with Erst-class board. A few families cau be accommodated by ar.r:y:cg early. For particulars call on or address REV. T. W. CATTELL, 7J MercnaatvtUe, N. J. Y. 1 A IJ I 13 It II A. C II S CLAS8IOAL, BGIKNTiflU, AND COMMER CIAL ACADKMY, A8SKMBLY BUILDING, No. 108 tiouth TENTH Street, A Primary. Klemeotary, and Kinisbiug School. Circular ftt Air. Warburtou'Bi No. 4:w L'heenut etreet 6 30 tf F-URNITURE, ETO. RICHMOND & CO.. FIRST-CIiASa FURNITURE WAREROOMS 2To. 46 SOUTH SECOND STREET, JLiET BIDE, AEOVK CHE6NUT, 6 11 PHILADELPHIA FURNITURE Selling at Cot, Ho. Ittl JUAltliirr Street. 4 IS 3m Q. R. NORTH. CLOTHS, CASSIMtlHES, ETO. Q L O T H HOUSE. J A M E 8 & H U D C R, fo. 11 rVorth Hi;C0i"VI Street. &:gn of tne GoMeu Lamb, Aie w receiving a large aud splendid aesor.meijt of new styles of FANCY CASSIMERE9 And Etandtid makes of DOESKINS, CLOTHS and COATINGS, 3 iS ffiWA AT WHOLESALE AND RETAIL. ROOFING. "1 E A D Y ROOPIN &. JX This Roofing Is adapted to all buildings. Jt can be applied to STEEP OR FLAT ROOFS at one-half the expense of tin. Jt la readily put on old ShlnHle Rooia witnout removing me sningies, thus avoIdtDg the damaging of ceilings and furniture whiltt niwlcrtrolnff renairs. (No gravel ased.l rKiSERVJS Y UU TIN HOOFS WITH WEL- TON S ELASTIC PAINT. I am always prepared to Repair and Paint Roofs at short notice. Also, PAINT FOR SALE by the barrel or gallon; the best and cheapest la the market. W. A. WELTON 2 17 No. Til N. NINT1I StT. "above Coates. LEGAL NOTICES. IN THE ORPHANS' OOVRT FOR THE CITY I AND OOUNTY OF PHILADELPHIA. fcstate of Jt SEPU CUARLEd ANTOINE MORLOT. The Auditor appointed by the Court to audit, setile, and adjust the account of THOMAS D. NANCRi:i)E. Administrator of Joseph Charles An- toine Morlot, do-eased, and to report distribution of t.e balance in the hands of the accountant, will meet the parties Interested for the purpose of his Hi.noloiiiitlit on WHl'.M uai, J hi v J J, lbiu, atu U, Bl 11 T1I1KD o'clock A. M.. at ins omce, -mi. no o. t t r, record :"-y, in th '..? of PM!1 p'nn FINANCIAL.. LEIIIGU CONVERTIBLE Per Cent. Tint Mortgage Gold Lean, rree From all Taxe. Cl,Cr ,':50-000 ' Lohinh Oo4l and rt,on OomrB,'. ,w Firrt Mortra. Si Per Cent. Oold Bonds, fre.f job a uim, Intwert do Mtrcb and Ep tmber, t NINET-y (00) And interm ia eurrencj ddd to dU of pnichwo. TheMbond.MtriamorMO loan of 52,000,000, datod October 6. 1869. The, hay. twentrfiro (25) rear, to ton. andaroconertiblointoitocatparotil lets. Prmoisal and iotr.et payable in fold. raeyare aecuredby a tint mortKac on K00 acres of coal lands in the Wyomln Valley, near Wilkesbarre, at Present producing at the rate of 800,000 tons of eoal per annum, with works in proeress which contemplate a large vHZT- P8ri0d' lM "WO THuabl Real Estate in wis city. A sinking fned of ten cenU per ton npon all coal taken f torn the mines for fire years, and of fifteen cent per ton thereafter,!, established, and The Fidelity Inrorance, Trnet and Safe Deposit Company, the Trustees nnder tbe moruage, colleot these nun. and invest them in these Bonds, agreeably to tbe provisions of tbe Trust, lor full particulars copies of tte mortcase, etc , apply C. A H. EORIB, H. BF.WBOLD. CON A AERTEr.N JAY COOKE A CO., IRFXFL A CO., F. W. CI ARK A C O. Clllm GOLD AND Coupoii& of United States, Union Facic Railroad Co., Central Pacific Railroad Co., Doueht at Best Rates. DE HA YEN & BfiO. 5 Ho. 0 South THIRD Street. B. K. JAMISON & CO.. SUCCESSORS TO I JE". KELLY Sc CO, I ANKERS ASHi DEALERS IS Geld, Slur &cd Government Bonds &t Closest Market Bate, 3. W. Cor. THIRD and CHISNUT Stt. tpec:ai etteiitfOD 7en to COMMIS8IOS ORBZKfl !n few Ycrfc &Ld rtade'.ptla fc" iocs Beards, eto, etc. w SisS I JL. V E JEt FOR BALE. C. T. KERKES, Jr., & CO., i AKEKS AXD CHOKERS, Ho, 20 South THIRD Street. I S9 rmLASXLPELA. Q Li:.l U.LMi, 1AYIN &, CO., No. 4S SOUTH THIKD STKEET, mi. ADULT HI A. GlEEtDlNHING, DAVIS & AMORT, No. 17 WALL STREET, NEW TORK, BANKERS AND EE02SK& Recede deposit subject to checK, allow interest en standing and temporary balances, and execute orders promptly for tte purchaee and tale of STOCKS, BONDS and GOLD, In either city. Direct telegraph comniUElo&Uon from PLUadejphla touse to New York. 1 J I. L I O T T U I Jt L He. ICS EGUTH THIRD STREET, EKALEJ.b IH ALL 6CVEKNMKWT stE-CTKJ. xirs, GOLD Dims E1V. DRAW EILZJH OP EXIEA.NGK ANU 1SSTB CGMtfKCJAL LE'IShf ChiLDJT CN TEH UNION B4NK OK LONDON. IESDB TKAVZLLERti' LJCTTE-K8 L? CXS2IT ON LONDON AND FAK!S, nailao itrosgt-ODi Europe. WlH collect all Cocpccs ard lBttrett iiceci cn&rgt for parUes maLmg UieJ tnanrtal anaLcemtnts witnoa. wC v-i-x' . - - ' a v a ART EXHIBITION. f7i ritEE EXIIIIIITIO.V, AT Cll AELKS F. BASELTINES ART GALLERY No. 1125 CHESNUT Street, Braun'a famou. Autotypes (of Punt), comprising Painting. Drawings, Frescoes, f-tatuary of tbe galleries of Par;s, Vienna, Horenc, Rome, SI ilan, Basle, 8ie Weimar, eto., etc., amounting to OJou diveibe subjects. Also, divert, vir. of European scenery and Dtijuines. Particular attention is called to "Moses," by Miobel Angelo, as never befuie exhibited; tne new bene, of Pointings by Carlo Dolci, C&rlnni, Sulvi, liuiJo Rent, etc ; r yhc e Co! i ticn of V.-ww ''s f r 1. ;:l:c : i t; Bc&ibru&dt Culltctlon ill in. Ctiierj gl Caaael 11 19 i JULY 9.-1870. FINANCIAL.. QEVEN PER CENT. First Mortgage Bonds CF TBI Danville, Ilazleton, and Wilkes barre Ilailroad Company, At 85 and Accrued Interest Clear of all Taxes. tNTBKKST PAYABLE APRIL AND OCTOBER. Persons winning to make Investment are Invited ) examine the merits of these BONDS. PampHIeta oppiled and full information given by Sterling Wildman. FINANCIAL AGENTS, No. 110 SOUTH THIRD STREET, 13 tf PHILADELPHIA. Government Bonds and other Securities taken In xebange for the above at best market rates. Wilmington and Reading RAILROAD Seven Per Cent. Bonds. FREE OF TAXES. W e arc oirering 200,000 or tlic Second Mortgage Ilondsot this Company AT 821 AND ACCRUED INTEREST. Foa the convenience of Investors these Bonds are issued in denominations of ftlOOOg, $5009, and 100s. The money Is required for the purchase of addl local Kollitg Stock and tbe full equipment of the Koad. The receipts of the Company on the one-half of he Road now being operated from CoatesvUle to Wil mington are about TEN THOCS.VND DOLLAR 9 per month, which will be more than DOUBLED with the c peniDg of the other half, over which the large Coa Trade of the Road must come. Only SIX MILES are now required to complete the Road to Blrdsboro, which will be Suibhed by the middle of the month. VM. PAINTER & CO., BACKERS, No. SO South THIRD Street, PHILADELPHIA. JayCooke&Q). PHILADELPHIA, NET? YORK, AND WASHINGTON, BANKERS Dealers in Government Securities. Special attention given to the Purchase and Sale of Bonds and Stocks on Commission, at the Board of Brokers In this and other cities. INTEREST ALLOWED ON DEPOSITS. COLLECTIONS MADE ON ALL POINTS. GOLD AND SILVER BOUGHT AND SOLD. RELIABLE RAILROAD BONDS FOR INVEST MENT. Pamphlets and full information given at our office, JNo. 114 S.TIIIItD Street, PHILADELPHIA. 11 9m O O XJ DP O IV fS.- TiIE COUPONS OF TUB Second Itlortgagc ZZonds OJ Wilmington and Reading R.R. Co., Due July 1, Will be paid on presentation at the Backing House of VJM. PAINTER A CO., No. 36 SOUTH THIUD STREET, rUlLADELPHlA. VM. S. UILLES, Treasurer. T 2 tf NOTICE. TO TRUSTEES AND EXECUTORS. The cheapest Investment authorized by law are the General Ucitgage Bonds of the Peria ijlvania Rstilroaa Company. APPLY TO 0. C WHARTON SMITH CO., 8ANHEK8 AIJD BROKEKS, No. 121 SOUTH THIKD STREET, PHILADELPHIA. TORN FAKNUM A CO., COMMISSION MRR- W. hit Viwtw Hw. t iin am ii . tm.iMt FINANCIAL. A DESIRABLE Safe Home Investment THIS Sunbury and Lewistowir Railroad Company OJTer l,2OO,0O0 Ilondf., bearing ; 7 l'er fenf, Interest In Uold, Secured ly a First and Only Mortgage. . The Bonds are Issued in ftlOOOs, gSOOs and ft?OOs. The Coupons are payable in the city of ' Philadelphia on the first days of April and October, Free of State and Lnlted States Taxes. The price at present is SO and Accrued Xnterest in Currency. This Road, with its connnpfinn xt-ur, HHU IU( ' Pennsylvania Kailroad at Lewistown, bringa . the Anthracite Coal Fields 67 MILES nearer the Western and Southwestern markets. "With this advantage it will control that trade. The Lumber Trade, and the immense and Taluable deposit of ores in this section, together with the thickly peopled district through which it runs, will secure it a very lartre and nvnfltfihi . trade. WM, PAINTER & CO.,. BANKERS, Dealers in Government Securities, Ko. 36 South THI TD Street, , tP PHIL A DELT HIA. Free from U. S. Taxes.. Eight Per Cent. Per Annum in Gold. A PERFECTLY SAFE INVESTMENT. . First Mortgage Bonds OF THE ISSUE OF 1,500,000, BT THB ST. JOSEPH AND DENVER CITY RAILROAD CO., Issued in denominations of $ 1000 and f 300, Coupon or Registered, payable in 30 years, with Interest payable 15th August and loth February, in New York, LondoD, or Frank fort, free of tax. Secured by a mortgage only on a completed and highly prosperous road, at the rate of $13,503-70 per mile. Earnings in excess of its interest liabilities. This line being the Middle Route, is pronounced the Shortest and moat Natural O ne for Freight and Passenger Traffic Across the Continent. St. Louis and Fort Kearney Spanned by a Bail way, and connect ing with the Union Pacific at Fort Kearney. Capital Stock of the Company.. ..$10,000, 000 Land Grant, pronounced value of 8,000,000 First Mortgage Bonds 1,500,000 $19,500,000 The remaining portion of this Loan now for sale at 1) 7 J and accrued interest in cur rency. Can be had at the Company's Agen cies in New York, TANNER & CO., Bank ers, No. 49 WALL Street, or W. P. CON VERSE d CO., No. 54 PINE Street. Pamphlets, Maps, and all information car be obtained at either of the above-named agencies. The attention of Capitalists and Investors, is particularly invited to these Securities. We. are satisfied they are all that could be desired,, and unhesitatingly recommend them. TANNER & CO., FISCAL AGENTS, No. 49 WALL STREET, NEW YORK. V. P. CONVERSE & CO., COMMERCIAL AGENTS, No. 54 PINE STREET, NEW VOKK. fi 9 tfrp p o n SALE Williamspon City 6 Per Cent Eondi, VU'.uS Ot ALL TAXES. AUiO, Philadelphia and Dai by Kailroad 7 Per Ceit Bonds, Coupous payaiilu i.y the Chesnnt aud Walnut Streets Railway Company. These Bond will be sold at a price wliloU win make Uieiu a vt-ry desirable Luveauueni. P. 0. PETERSON A CO.. No. 39 SOUTH THIRD STRKKT, 3