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VOL. XIV NO. 39. PHILADELPHIA, TUESDAY, AUGUST 16, 1870. DOUBLE SHEET THREE CENTS. FIRST EDITION THE WAR IN EUROPE. The Latest Situation. The Battles Near Metz. Great Prussian Victories. The Advance on Besancon. Its Vital Importance. The Latest Advices by Mail. Finances ,of the War. Napoleon at the Front. ZZis Account of Saarbruck. King William Leaving Berlin. THE SITUATION. The Batt le nenr Men -The Nlege or Ntrai barff A Prussian Advnuce In the Month rant of France Alleged Occupation oritennn cen, and Threatening of Paris by the Uelfert Uonte. Last night's despatches leave the situation ia Europe in great uncertainty. Among the things that can be counted on as assured is the fact that the French have not abandoned Metz, although it would appear that they have aban doned the line of the Moselle. At 2 o'clock on the morning of Sunday, the 14th, the Emperor, accompanied by ''the tranquil infaut," left Metz for Verdun, a strongly fortified town about thirty miles west of Metz, on the railroad to Rheims. lie left behind him a considerable gar rison, and a proclamation charging it "never to allow the enemy to take possession of this bul wark of France." Tho Untiles near Metz., Later in the day, it would appear that such of i the army as were in the neighborhood of Metz attempted to cross to the left or west bank of the Moselle, to accompany the Emperor in his retreat towards Chalons, but while they were crossing the river, the Prussians under General Von Steinmctz fell upon them in great force and a battle ensued, lasting, according to Napoleon's ., own account, about four hours. The result of the fight, according to the Emperor's own bulletin, was a repulse of the Prussians with a great loss to them. But King William, who is rather better authorlt', declares that victory was on the Prussian side; and unofficial accounts from Forbach, now in the possession of the Prussians, state that the French were thrown into great confu sion, and were routed with great slaughter, after having made a gallant stand. None of the reports received up to the time at which we write give the exact locality of the conflict or the subsequent movements of either army. Na poleon's bulletin announcing a French victory was dated 10 P. M. of August 14, at Longnevllle, which is on the railroad from Frouard to Chalons, about SO miles south of Verdun, the place for which he started on leaving Metz at 2 o'clock in the morning, and accessible from Metz or Verdun only by making a long railroad cir cuit through Chalons. What took Napoleon to LoBgueville, and how he got there, are still mysteiious. Advices from Paris state that the corps of Generals L'Admlrault and De Caen were engaged in this conflict on the French side, and announce the arrival of the Emperor and the Infant at Verdun, thus further complicating the movements of the Imperial warriors. And directly on top of the conflicting bulle tins about the battle at the passage of the Mo selle come reports from LuxemDurg of another conflict in the neighborhood of Metz, as having been fought yesterday morning, lasting from four o'clock until nine, and resulting in a Prus sian victory. This alleged battle la even more mysterious than that of Sunday, and will pro' bably turn out to have been the same affair. Advices from the Prussian side state that the second line oi the German army, com posed almost wholly of Prussian troops, is moving forward to support the first line, which has now advanced so far into the enemy's coun try. The Paris Temps of yesterday gives a slight clue to the movements of both armies by stating that the object of the Prussians was to get between Metz and its base of supplies, this object being defeated by the repulse of the in vaders and the failure of their attempt to pre vent the French from crossing to the west bank of the Moselle. 4 The Klece of Strasburar. Advices from the neighborhood of Strasburg, through French sources, state that the Prussians . do not appear to really Intend to besiege that fortress, being desirous merely of cutting off its supplies, for which purpose they have blown up the bridges and otherwise tampered with the v railway to Basel. The city, it is claimed, is fully garrisoned and provisioned for a siege, and the supply of water is under the control of the authorities and cannot be cut off. Prnssiaa Movement In tho 8oumeat France. On August Oth there were reports that the Prussians had occupied Mulhauaen, an Important City of 80,000 inhabitants, situated at the inter section of the Rhone and Rhine Caual by the railroad from Btrasburg to Basel, 61 miles 8. 8. W.' of the former place, and about 13 miles from inn Baden frontier. Only a few days ago, bow ever, it was reported that the French still held Mulhausen, and now comes another report from Carlsruhe that the Prussians have occupied it and Besaacon. The latter is a stro gly fortified city of about 45,000 inhabi tant, situated on the river Doubs and on the Rhone and Rhine Canal, about ti3 mile south- t west of Mulbausea and Babel. It contains a citadel which stands on a high rock and is regarded as impregnable. The railroad from MpJba-jeen to Cfcalon-eur-Saone passes through the city. Forty-five miles to the north east of Bceancon, and on the railroad named, is situated the fortress of Belfort, the southern point of the French front. The fortifications of this place are very formidable, 20.000 m a scarcely sufficing to man them. As the country between Belfort and Paris is flat and open, and contains but one obstacle to tho march of a hostile army on Paris by this route the fortified town of Langres, situated near thesourco of the river Marne, about 05 miles W. N. W. of' Belfort the alleged movement of tho Prussians upon Besancon is full of peril to the French. This very fact causes us to doubt the truth of the report that a considerable portion of the enemy has been permlttsd to advanco to this point without encountering a French force. Belfort is almost directly west of Basel, and just to the southeast there is a projection in the Swiss frontier, bringing it within fifteen miles of the border, so that the alleged Prus sian advance would have to pass within a few miles of Belfort, or pass to the north ot that fortress through the southern spur of the Vosges. The same despatch which speaks of the advance on Mulhausen and Besuncon, states that 100,000 of the Prussian Landwehr are crossing the frontier, but does not intimate whether or not this advance is being made in support of the movement to the south of Belfort Among the practicable routes from Germany to Paris is this by way of Belfort, and it was to guard against the advanco of a hostile army in this direction that persistent efforts have been made to strengthen the fortifications of Bclfort. After many changes in ownership during a period of six hundred years, the town was finally ceded to France by Austria by the treaty of Westphalia in 1048. The defenses were then taken in hand by Vauban, who enclosed tho town and citadel within a bas tioned wall completely hiding the former from view. The works as they now exist were only finished about forty years ago, when two addi tional lines or circles of defence were added by General de Bellouet, by which it was thought Bclfort had been made a position of equal strength with Metz and Strasbiyg. THE LATEST. The .Second Buttle Nenr Met'.. Despatches from Berlin under our Second Edition head give some particulars of the second encounter near Met., which took place lata yesterday afternoon, and resulted in a decided Prussian victory. The 1st and Tth Corps of the Prussian army, which, at last accounts, were under the command respectively of Gene rals von Manteuffol and Von Zastrow, after . inflicting a loss of 4000 on the French, drovethem inside their walls, and subsequently a grand reconnoiesanco, under King William in person, was maintained for some hours, within two lines of the French de fenses, without an effort being made to dis lodge the Prussians. WAR rJFAVQ BY ZVIAIL. ADVICES TO AUCJUsT ti. By the arrival at New York of the steamship City of Brussels, we have advices by mail from" Europe to the Oth of August. THE SINEWS OF WAR. Fliinnrlal Aspect I the Fr&nco-Priisilan rstrtiRuie. The London Spectator has the following re marks on the financial aspect of the war be tween France and Prussia: It is clear, wo think, that the war for the time it lasts must be one of the most costly which has ever been waged. 'J his is an inevitable cou- eequence of the magnitude of the armies that ore to fight. The Italian war of 185',) cost France at least '.30,000,000, though it lasted only six weeks, and France made no such effort as she will now be called upon to make. Prussia in lWiO spent nearly as much on three weeks' actual campaigning, and in spite of requisitions on all her neighbors, recourse to borrowing was still necessary to make good the exhaustion of her treasury. But Prussia in 180G was only half the power with which France now enters the lists, and had no equal antagonist to cope with. It is plain that if these previous wars, short as they were, were so expensive, the cost to either couibataut will now be vastly in excess. What it may mount up to we almost fear to put into figures. The parliaments of each power have begun by voting credits for .t:J5, 000,000, or rather more, apiece, but even these large sums will be mere instalments. , The only parallel we can think of is that of the American civil war, when the North, which by itself was hardly so great a State as either i ranee or Prussia, kept a million of men under arms at a cost of not less than 200,000,000 a year. Much of this expense was caused bv high pay and bounties, a waste not likely to 'be so heavy under the better organization of the com batants now engaged; but if we say 100,000,000 a year to keep a million of men lighting hi Eu rope, we should be far within the mark. The normal army budget of either combatant is nearly 15,000,000, and war will at once treble and quadruple ibis by increasing the men under arms who have to be equipped and fed. On this account alone there will be uu additional expense of 20,000,000 or 25,000,000 to each 8tate by the change from a "peace" to a war footing, and it Is not extravagant to estimate the wear and tear of a war the ammunition spent, the gunpowder blown awny, the loss of materiel, tho cost of transport, the extra expen diture for supplies in haste to be atleat double that amount. That the war will cost each party from 6,000,000 to 10,000,000 a mouth, besides its ordinary war budget, is a very moderate calcu lation. No doubt each side has been preparing since 1600, accumulating stores and supplies, victualing fortresses, and otherwise autlcipatmg the current expenses of a war. But the amount thus anticipated would be a mere trifle in the lavish outlay of a few mouths' fighting. The war will not last many weeks before both com batants have spent above twenty millions apiece, and in a very few months the figure on each side may sum up to the huudred millions. Both powers are good for many monthb' war, even at me tremendous rate of expenditure in volved. Tbera is certainly no doubt about France, in spite of the chroule deficits and in creasing debt which have beeu characteristic of the empire. Frencto tinauce has been dreadfully mismanaged, and the people have heavy taxes to bear from which economy would have saved them; but when all is raid, the bard fact remains that there fctlll is rapacity in France to bear a heavy additional loau-tne French revenue is elastic, uud a few years' natural increase will provide fur a good deal more interest. To put the annual growth at three quarters of a million l only, which is under the mark, the progress of ten years would nearly cover the annual Inter cept of the loans required for a war expenditure of 200,000,000. Of course the French Government would not be able to borrow all that at four per cent., but the anticipation of another year or two's re covery of revenue would permit the offer of a higher rate. There Is this further consideration, Xiidi reat war, eucb, as is implied by aa expoa- d'tnre of 200.000.000 In a few months, would probably leave the combatants in such a state J that economy in other expenditure would not oe difficult. At present the cost of governing France, apart from the debt and the depart mental and local budgets, is something like 50,000,000 a year; and in England we spend lees than 40,000,000. though all our salaries are on a higher scale. Clearly Franco need not be nndone by an addition of eight or ten millions tho annual interest of Its debt, when economy is so practicable and its revenue is so elastic. It is true that after such a war, its debt, which is , upwards of .',00,000,000 now, would equal or surpass that of England: bnt France in 1870 is certainly a more powerful State than England wa in 1815. Turning to Prussia or, as we should rather say, Germany we can eee no truce of inability to make at leat an equal effort. The antago nist of France displays a curious equality with it in almost all flnaccial conditions except one, In which It Is strikingly superior to France. In population, to begin with, the North German Confederation and the South German States allied with it number about the same as France. 'Ihc Confederation itself includes 30.000,000; Baden, 1,450,000; Wnrtemberg, 1,750,000; and Bavaria, 4,800,000. Total, 38,000,000. And the last census of France in lttOC gives exactly the same figure. In economical advancement the two countries are, moreover, about the same; they are two thirds agricultural, and though Germany has more ships, and more coal aud manufactures, yet as French agriculture is naturally more pro ductive, the two States maybe considered very nearly balanced. The aggregate budgets of Germany, again, approach very closely that of Frnnco in bulk. The gross revenue of the Con ft delation is 40,000,000, and of the other States 12,000,000 total, 52,000,000; which, with the smaller debt of Germany the one point where Germany is superior leaves as mnch as in France for all the purposes of government. Oddly enough, the expenditure o the two armies is about the same. France spends between thirteen and fourteen millions sterling, and Germany between twelve and thirteen millions, no very strlkingdifference, though it should be noted that the French have lately had a great deal of extraordinary expendi ture berides. But even if Germany is not so rich ns France, ber resources are much less pledged. The total debt of the confederated and South-German states is under 200 000,000, about one-third of that of France, so that there is a margin of 400,000,000 to draw upon before the' become as indebted as France now is. It cannot be thought, then, that Germany any more than Erance, is financially unfit for the Bfrnggle now about to begin. Germany has a smaller revenue than France, because Its people in proportion to their means are less burdened; and it needs a smaller reve nue, because it has less debt, and is also more economical. Its margin will be so much tho greater for an indefinitely protracted struggle. At the same time, tho resources of France are such, that long before financial exhaustion comes to it, both combatants will probably enough oc weary of the strife. NOTES OF THE WAR. The Export of Amninnltloa. The London Times declares that it is a matter perfectly within England's own competence to abftnin from supplying warlike munitions to cither side in the contest; and, whatever the practice hitherto observed, it cannot but be de sirable to adopt this course. It is a course of action, indeed, which can by no pretence be de: manded as of right. Prussia would be the last power which could claim any abandonment of neutral rights in this respect, since throughout a Oruiicaa. wac urn aooraea tne itussian -in- vernment every possible facility for the purchase and transit of warlike stores. There is nothing in international law to prohibit the manufac tories of Belgium being equally employed at this moment both by Prussia and France. Runalan Sympathies. A correspondent at Warsaw, writing on the 24th ult., says: "War is now the universal talk here, and the Poles, sanguine as ever, in spite of their repeated disappointments, are again be ginning: to hope for a chance of recovering them selves. As for the Russians, they are divided into two parties. The military want war, and sympathize with France; the Government 6cems lor tne present to nave aeciaea ior neutrality, but it has a strong leaning towards Prussia. I have heard a report, on pretty irood authority. tnat a number of Russian soldiers have been Bent to Thorn to serve in tho Prussian army, of course with the Prussian uniform and In Prus sian pay. Other sign of war there is none; and it is certain that the old Russian party, which is very influential at court, wisnes Kussia to be neutral." The Scandinavian Powers. A correspondent ot the Manchester Guardian writes: "The Russian Government have been very urgent in dissuading King Christian from abandoning the attitude of neutrality he has hitherto been enabled to preserve. They have warned him distinctly that in the event of a sudden termination of the war there is immi nent danger of Prussia insisting upon being compensated for her losses by the annexation of the residue of the Danish territories; and that in that case the Czar would insist upon a corresponding cession on the opposite side of tne sound, ine court oi (Stockholm knows this, and is in a great fright. The Kins of Den Biark has allowed his brother, as hostage, to take service in tne Prussian army; but the podu' 1-r feeling:, both in Denmark and Sweden, is becoming uncontrollable, and the Governments will be ere long swept into the vortex. ' Knaland's Neutrality. The London correspondent of the Constita- tionnei, who turns nis letters "John Wilkson, has 6cnt the following communication to that journal: 'To give your readers an idea of the impose! bility of England breaking her neutrality, we may" cite an example which shows the chaos into which the organization of the army baa fallen. A few days ago a detachment of artil lery was sent from Woolwich to Aldershot to brine back some guns to tne depot, but tne car riaties were so damaged that it was found neces- fary to spike the guns. It was with the greatest diiliculty tnat tne carriages, wnoae planks were disioiuted. and whose wheels onlv held on bv a miracle, were carried away. We are assured that the whole war material is in the same eoa dition. There is a want of ammunition; the weapons (Snider and Martini) are greatly iufe rior to those of France or Prussia. It is not an army, It's a ruin." Evidently "Wilkson" Is not a patriot. Position of Italy. The Daib JYetos congratulates Italy on the re moval of the French garrison from Rome. It remains to be seen whether tho Pope can bold his own osrainst his subjects bvthe aid of his miscellaneous army after the departure or tne French. Nor is it impossible that the ultimate result may be the establishment of an Italian garrison at Komo under General La .Marmora who is already designated for a command on the Papal frontier, and whose presence in Rome at the head of his troops would not perhaps be so disagreeable to the Pope as the reappearance of Guribaldian volunteers within a day's march of the atiean. Another consequence of the war is less legitimate. The French Parly la Italy. The Pall Mall Gazette savs: "As an evidence of the spirit of the French party in Italy, and the f traits to which their line of policy obliges them to resort, it is said tnat (ieneral L Mar mora, who is the leader of this section ot poll ticians. Is now engaged on a publication which is to exhibit the opinions of the Prussian press on the Italian army in tne campaign of lttoo, i uese criticisms ana tne judgment ot tne Ber lin War Office are certainly not flattering testi monies to the state of discipline, or, Indeed, the alor of the army, and will not fall at this mo ment to produce an unfavorable feeling toward Germany. The urgent demands for prompt action which the Prussian Cabinet so pressingly lorced upon mo military authorities in Italy, and which were not always models of forbear ance or delicacy in their tone, will now be held up as evidence of the insulting spirit of an arro gant and exacting ally, and. if read without connection of the circumstances which called them forth, will very easily be received as signs of a Belfish policy and a very ungracious people. That La Marmora will by this brochure ray off an old grudge is far more probable than tnat no will render a valuable service to nis country." vne Treaty oi Vienna. The Daily Ketes thinks it hardly fair in Mr. Disraeli to raise the ghost of the treaty of Vienna merely In order that It might be ridi culed, it secured comparative peace in iturope for nearly forty years. But to refer to it as an engagement actually in force can only serve to shake public confidence in the observance of other and more recent treaties, about whose continued vitality no question or doubt can arise. Such treaties are those which secure the neutrality of -Belgium and Luxemburg. But it will be lime to speaK about tbem, as Mr. Disraeli himself admitted, when their neutrality is Invaded or menaced. In that case the duty of mis country worn a oe piain ana manliest, and simply as a matter of self-interest, putting the claims of international morality for the moment out ot signt, it cannot be supposed that we snouia snrinn iron performing it. NArOLEON AT THE FRONT. Ilia Reception at metz The 'Sea-tSreea Smile Metz Correpontlenc London Standard, The Kmneror and Prince NaDOleon arrlvei to night at 7 1'. M., therefore the ball will soon open the ball where every air is set for a dance of death. Fart and Inevitable inference. As I hurried down to the letter-box at the railway station, where the malls are taxen up at 7iu o ciock, tne streets were lined with crowds, half military, half civilian, at tending tne coming or tne sovereign, uurioua rather than enthusiastic those crowds, but exces sively good-humored I had great dtnlculty in pushing my way down to the station. The passage was kept clear by gendarmes on foot and- Cent Gardes on horse, who charged wildly back ward ana iorwara now ana again, wntie a picket of trusty Zouaves in their undress of lez and canvas breeches paced under the massive arches of the Porte gerpenoise. .By dint of much entreaty l was allowed to pass tie Darner guarded by the Zouaves, aid got down to the terminus, which was surrounded by all the idlers of Metz. noisy juveniles being by far in the greatest propor tion. A shout of "Vive l'Kmpereur ' was raised at Intervals by tne young blood, nut the fact is. Frenchmen do not know how to cheer; a few Paddles should be sent across to teach them. The Cent Gardes (so called because their full strength is 14U) curveueu on me naue nuiore T,ne station l had lust cast my letter Into tho box when a move ment of the crowd Indicated that his Imperial Ma jesty had come, and was about to enter his bonne mile oi Metz ior tne second time since his accession to the throne. Ills first visit was on the 87tU oi September, 1S67, on which occasion he stopped two days in the town. Hats were lifted and a hearty cheer was raised, the. boys, 88 youth's tradition Is, leading cheerily oir. The four Cent Gardes in front drew their long, straight swords, wheeled about, and headed the procession at a walk. After them came a nalr of outriders lb the dark green Imperial liverv. with creamy buckskin breeches, sitting chestnut horses, with blinkers to their eyes and a chime of valdat bens ronna tneir neexs. Then, again, a quar tet of Cent Gardes, and, alone, with an open space to himself, a rider in costume of harlenuki brilliance. with a beadle's cocked hat over his lordly brow, and huntsman's whip in his yellow-gloved hand. The Kmperor s carriage louowed, a plain barouche drawn by four horses, ridden by postilions, ills Imperial Majesty occupied the right side of the back seat, lie was dressed in the uniform of a general of division, and wore on his left breast a star of the Legion of " Honor. " ""He looks ill." remarked a friend who was beside me: but this friend had never seen him before. A sal low complexion is peculiar to the family. The pre sent emperor nas it; so nave rriuce .-Nanoieon and Prince l'lerre, and so naa the Great captain, from whom the house has its rise, and whose marble-like in my judgment. Napoleon iil Is In excellent na nr tnrmnor rwnmea to nn aanv rint. in n tir.nrir'iii health, but a little jaded, as well he may be. He smiled, not the sickly sea-green smile that very In competent ana partial wunens, Air. KiDgiake, lent him at Solferino. where, forsooth, he played the role of coward, but a gratified and contented smile. He was accompanied oy General cie waubert de Genus, and two other aides-de-camp. A squad of Cent Gardes followed the carriage, and then came a se- tuuu vlu imu tiiu uint wuioiuiug uio a iiuo jiii perlal, attended by two olllcers of rank. The child waspaie;ne nas tne aeucacyor color or his august mother, out ue was run or ooyisn animation, and mieu nis cap ana repiacea it almost continu ously as the crowd cheered him. At first the popu lace did not appear to know who the little lad in the Bub-lieutenant's uniform was, but the women, as if by some acute womamy instincr, sprang to a conclu sion at once, and were first and loudest in their cries, "Long live the Prince Imperial." More Cent Gardes clattered by. and then in ealeche and nalr came Marshal Bazaine: bnt there was no favor for even a Marshal of France to-night, and the multi tude closed in, pressing iunousiy behind the impe rial CKCUlt. -. KING WILLIAM. r i Ills Departure from Berlin for the Pteld A special correspondent of the London Sens gives the following description oi tne rrussiaa mug s de nannre ior netaquariers: U jou had been near King William's palace this moriiiug and had remembered the farewell parades of the Hoyal Guard In 18ns, you would have had that year brought very vividly Vefore you. There was tho old King in high spirits smiling pleasantly at his men. There was the line of glittering bayonets, the 1 1 w l,..lninn hulni. .Kami a n A . K a n 1 1 11 . n : r.ln borne proudly aloft. The First Guard regiment was represented by as fine a set of young fellows as you could wish to see. Wltn bearskins on their heads, they would have looked immensely tall, and even with the spiked helmet they had an imposing ap pearance. The new flags of the regiment were brought out from the palace, covered uy thelrwater proof cases, aud -were placed on the right of the line. A cheer burst from the crowd, and another louder cheer as King William passed along. His Majesty was on foot, aud after Inspecting the troops lie teturned to the steps of the palace to see theu march away. Loudly swelled the music above the shouts of the people. Never did men step more closely together than the soldiers of the 1st Kegi ment. Their feet seemed to strike the pavement with sharp and regular blows. . Frederick the Great himself mix lit have approved the discipline of the corps. Now they had left the palace and were moving down the V uter den Linden with a crowd ruubtug by their side. Men and boys scrambled after as fast as they could. There was no more shouting, for the people kept their breath for jost ling around the street corners and hurrying on to the rallwr.y. y This was the final departure. Smart and tidy as the corps looked, it was in heavy marching order- too nt avy an order, 1 tin uk; nut let mat pass, u ue soldiers carried evervthiuir with them coats and haversacks, flasks and cooking tins, with a short sword in addition to the bayonet, aud a spare pair of boots to be ready for the chances of the cam paign. We have before spoken or Landwehr men, of the great mustering of reserves to defend tue country. But here, as we see the Guard regiments set forth, we see the pomp of war as It might he With no Landwehr svstem. Fine strapping lads, well drilled ana well offlcered, march away to the lively strains of the military band. Who looks back or doubts the result T Who but is ready to Bluet Frenchmen, or Russians, or auybody else, when the word is given and the silver eagle is rtisud on high T They are not such dark, suuhurut warriors as have come from Paris and from Chalons in the Imperial Guard, but If these Prussians meet their rivals in an open field it will be a Roland for au Oliver. So they tramp ou to the railway. SiAKimUCK. The Emperor's Aer.oiint f tho Capture ol the Town by in trench on Auut from GaliyiHHi Mennenger, Au. i. A telegraphic despatch from the Emperor's private secretary was received by the Minister of the inte rior last evening at ten luloutea past live, ordering, by his Majesty's direction, the following note to be communicated to the Paris journals : JVUtz, Aug. 8. This day, at eleven In the fore noon, the French troops had a serious engagement with the forces of Prussia. Our army assumed the Cfiensive, and, crossing the frontier, invaded the Prussian territory. Notwithstanding the strength t f the enemy's position, some of our battalions saf- ncea to carry tne heights which command Haar brurk. and onr artillery in a short time succeeded in driving the enemy from the town. The Impetuous or set ot tne if rencn was so great that they suiiered but trifling loss. The engagement commenced at 11 and terminated at l. Tne Emperor was present at the operations: and the Prince Imperial, who accompanied hH Majesty ever) where, received, on the firt battleti of the campaign, the baptism of fire. His presence Dad ana coolness in danger were worthy of the name which he bears. His Majesty and the Prince were back at Metz soon after 4. THE PAST Battles Between Prance and Prn--la In the rant on w naildetbe victory I.ny. The following list of battles which have taken nlsce between the French and Prussian forces In the last two centuries Is furnished by a correspondent of the London Daily Aeuw PRUSSIAN VICTORIES. 1. 1706. .Turin Prussians and AustrUns. 8. l70..Malplaquet Prussians, English and Austrians. 3. 1767..Itosshach Prussians. 4. 17f..CTefeld Prussians. 5. 17r9..Mlnden Prussians. 6. Ibl3. .GroBsbeeren Prussians. 7. 18l3..1)ennewltz Prussians. 8. 18l3..Katzbach Prussians. 9. 1813. .Uaeelsberir Prussians. 10. lbl3..Kulm Prussians, Russians,and Austrian. 11. l813..Wartenburg Prussians. 12. l8l3..Lelpsic Prussians and Allies. 13. 1814..Bnenue (la Ita- thlere) Prussians. 14. 1814.. Laon Prussians and Allies. 15. 1814. .C'raouni Prussians and Allies. 16. i8l4..Arcls sur Aube.... Prussians and Allies. 17. l14..McJtmartre .Prussians aud Allies. 18. 181B.. Waterloo English and Prussians. 19. 181S..Wavre Prussians. .0. 18iu..Quatre Bras English and Prussians. FRENCH TICTORIES. 1. 1799..valmy Prussians and Allies. 2. 18(i6.. Jena &. Auerstadt. Prussians. 8.807..Frtedland Prussians aud Russians. 4. 1113. Lutzea Prussians and uussiaus. 6. 1141 4 Montmlrall Prussians. 6. 1814..Monterou Prussians and Allies. UNPECIDED BATTLES. 1. 1807..Eylau. Prussians and Russians. 2. 1813.. Bautzen Prussians aud Itussians. 3. 18i5..Llgny Prussians and Russians. 4. 1813 .Dresden No Prussians. THE BASK OF FRANCE. Its Snapenidoa of Specie Payments and riuanciai uonattton. The New York Tribune, in an article on the suspension of specie payments by the Bank of I ranee, says: The grave measure of suspending specie pay ments, adopted by the Bank o f ranee, suggests inquiry into the affairs of that concern. The bank possessed on the 28th ult. the large sum of 2U8,73,5;G 04 in coin and bullion (reckoning 5 francs to the dollar), while the notes issued amounted to f 305,457, 70, or about tne circula tion of the National Banks of this country. The deposits in Paris and the provinces amounted to 116,672,346 14, which illustrates the widespread Interests affected by the course adopted, in both private and commercial cir cles. The statement above quoted proves that tho bank is in a perfectly solvent condition. It is, therefore, only as a war measure of the most urgent character that the present step can be accounted for, tne directors naving until quite . recently not even deigned to take into conside ration the suggestions of some journals in favor of suspension. t here nave, nowever, oecn many indications tbat the bank was drifting towards suspension. Finding tbat many were demanding coin for notes, the bank last month took advantage of silver still being a legal-tender, to get rid of the enormous mass of silver coin that for years has incumbered its vaults. To applicants for cash notes it gave half in gold and half in silver; then it changed, and gave 5 per cent, in gold, and 05 per cent, in silver; and afterwards it offered only part in silver and the rest in 50 franc notes. There was no thing of course to prevent the 50 franc notes being at once presented for payment, but in that case tne Holders were reimoursea en tirely in silver. The bank thus did a good stroke oi business, out tne pnonc were annoyea at being obliged to receive the heavy, cumber some, inconvenient, ana almost iorgotten uve franc pieces. Money-changers, of whom there are a multitude in Paris, were en their part, however, delighted with the resolution of the tank. They levied "fancy prices on the public who wanted gold for notes or silver, and re ceived 5 to 6 per cent, premium in their more important dealings. ' The subject ol suspending specie payments considerably engaged the attention of the French press. In the fiebata M. Leon Bay, welljknown ior nis writings on political economy, saiu, on the question of establishing a forced currency: "It unfortunately happens that there are many people who cease to reason when you talk to them of Prussia, and who would let the moat fatal Injury be done to their country if one could contrive to give such acts the false colors of patriotism. Forced currency means bankruptcy, it is the avowal of im potence and weakness, and we are not struck by either one or the other; such is what should be said in a spirit of patriotism, for It is to our honor, and it Is true. Unlike Prussia, we have a commerce which the preliminaries of war have not stopped. And yet with a stroke of the pen there are people who would have us lose the advantage oi mat aumirauie situa tion. To do so would be simply madness. The Bank of France has 1X) millions in coin to meet the 1400 millions in notes: and they would have it pub licly fall to meet its engagements ! We can only re peat that this would be lolly ; they may hope ferit in Prussia, but it will not occur in France." He proceeds to argue that Prussia could not withdraw gold from France without giving an equivalent, which hostilities render it impossi ble for her to do, but he ignores the fact that the bank would have to contend with tho de mand for coin which niLitary reverses would arouse among French note holders and depositors. Lvidence of this is seen in the run on last Friday and - Satnrday, when somo persons had to wait five hours for their turn, and 7.000.000 francs in coin wero paid out. He concludes by remarking "that of the securities held In Prussia there is but one kind negotiable abroad, that Is. American bonds, but if these be exported, it will not be to Frauce, but to Ame rica, wnicn nas been ior some time aosorotnz her own public funds, and continually offers vendors better prices than they can procure in Enrone." The Parlement and other journals took the opposite view, and recommended every possible means to prevent neucu gum iruui rcacuiu PruBtia. The history and organization of the Bank of France may be orieny stated, in l7io a banic was founded in t ans under mat name, wnicn wastwo years subsequently changed to the Royal Bank, lender this organization it remained until 1803, when having been unsuccessful It was placed upon its present basis as the Bank ot France, witn a capital or w,uuu,uw oi irancs, which was in 180d increased to 90,000,000 of francs. It is, as shown already, a bank ot deposit. discount, and circulation; issuing its own notes payable on demand, aud having exclusive monopoly of that Drivile tre for the entire country. It Is public institution, the Government appointing a governor and two deputy governors, all of whom must ue stocKuoiuers in tue oaua. ine affairs of the institution are managed by council-geneial of 20 members, who are elected bv ttOO of the principal stockholders. It has branches at Rouen, Nantes, St. Klieune, Rheims, and other towns. This Afteraeoa'e (iaolatloaa. London, Aug. Id 9 P. M American Bee unties steady. Erie. 18. Atlantic and Great Western. 22. Liverpool. Aug. 16. Shipments of ootton from Bombay to August is, ic,uo bales, iced Western wheat, 8s. lOd.es. lid.; receipt of wheat for three uays, io,vw quarters, an jsweru-su. iwiuw, t4. TICKET SPECULATORS. Taey are Finally Broncht to Grief. It is reasonable to believe that every free white cltinen In the country has seen the play of Rip Van Winkle once, and it Is almost morally certain that every one of them lives In the profound determina tion to see It again at the first opportunity. Upon no other hypothesis can the assault upon Booth's Theatre last night be explained. There wss a . Urge mass meeting about the doors for half an hour before they were opened, In the centre of which a gronn of ticket speculators Impersonated orators. And the dense throng pouring down Twenty-third street suggested In all but Its dress and eagerness a possi ble exhibition of free fireworks somewhere in the Sixth avenue. As It was impossible for this as semblage to get their tickets simultaneously, the more patient fell into a long queue and the impa tient were beset by the speculators. It was under stood that a scheme bad been formed by the mana gers to crush the sidewalk peddlers, and the opening night of the season here and at Mblo's was ex pected to be a test or the strength of the two parties. At both thesw establishments the tickets purchased of the spenlator were refused at the doors. They managed, however, In the hurry and excitement, to sell a great many, and the consequence was that in a little while the sidewalks were made exceedingly lively by men demandirg their money back, and oy speculators threatening all sorts of legal vengeance upon the managers. At Nlblo's a placard was exhi bited on the walk, notifying the public that tickets purchased there would be refused. Nothing of this kind was visible at Booth's, and very many gentle men desirous of obtaining seats before the hoose became full were Induced to pay large premiums for them only to have the tickets refused at the en trance. A. J'. H'orid to day. FirVANCl. AUD COIISUfJC. - - - Kvxnixo TrLiORAPH Omni,) 'Inewlty, Aog. lrt, lew. J Tho city national banks gave us last night a very unfavorable statement of accoants for the past week, the effect of which may be to harden the rates of loans, at least at the bank connters, and ultimately on the street also. There is a falling off in the deposits of $1,321,575, In legal tenders of (753,495, and in specie of f2S2,831. This is a very heavy loss when taken in connec tion with minor losses durmg the past eight weeks, and it looks as if we were destined to have a sharp monetary pinch when the regular fall trade opens. A speculative movement in stocks at the same time would increase the em barrassment of business men materially. Rates are not changed as yet, but very firm. Gold opened weak, in response to the recent Prussian successes, bnt subsequently advanced; opening price at W; closing price at noon about 117. Government bonds are moderately active, foreign buyers being again In the market. Prices have advanced about per cent. Stocks were moderately active, but price show no substantial change. In State loan there were Bales of the war coupon Cs at 103, and 6s, 3d series, at 111. Old OityCs sold at 101, and new do. at 101. Reading Railroad sold at 480; Camden and Amboy at llo; Pennsylvania at 58; Lehigh Valley at 57; Oil Creek and Allegheny at 45a 45,Y. Philadelphia and Erie was in quite lively aemana ana soia at z, o. o. The balance ot the list was steady, but the transactions were unimportant. A few shares of Mechanics' Bank sold at 32, and Central Trans portation at 61 f- PHILADELPHIA STOCK EXCHANGE SALES. Reported by De Haven k Bro., No. 40 S. Third street. FIRST BOARD. 15000 Pa 6a, 3d se.. ill 4 sh PennaR tflv 14000 Pa 68 W LCp. lots.... 103 13000 B-20s, '65, May 4 Nov..8d..ltl; 14000 N Pcnna 6s. is. 96 tuoocity 6s, N.ls.lOlv I'.'COO dO 18.101 V iinoo do... man. lot v tftoON Penha 7s... 9.5 4000 Phlla A E7s.. 88 8 sh Mech Bank.. 82 11 shC Am R. is. 116V 206 do is. 69v 3 sh Reading R... 4sr 100 do IS. 49',' 10.,. do.... 48,v 800 dalS.S80.48 1-16 sou dos30wn.4d l-i 10 Sh OCA A B.C. 46 V 100 do Bfi. 43 87 do 45V 100 Sh Sch NV....C 8i 4 sh Leh Nav 34 42 sh LehV R. ls. 67V 400 Bh Ph & KlB.bOO 27)4 80 do ba.VMi 40 sh Cent Trans.. 61k' I Jay Cooke & Co. ouote Government securities sa follows: TJ. 8. CS Of 1881, 114XAU5; 6-208 Of 1864, liaxaiw1,': do. 1834. llliiiv: da Nov. I8t, lll(mi;dc-. do., July, llO(nov; do. da, 1SC7, liu3iiu', ; uo. ixs, iiuiiicx ; IU-40B, 107 '-,(4 108' ; PacincB,l12'1l2V. Gold, 1167. MESSRS. JJB HAVEN X 15ROTHKK, NO. 40 N. Third Street, Philadelphia, report the following quotations: UV. 68 Of 1861, 114,VU14X; do. 18C2, 112,Vi$112,' S da io64, lll(lll ; do. 18(5, mx3lll,'i 5 lo. 1865, new.lHKdlKiv; do. 1867, do. 110(110: da 1868, aa noii tiio f ; iu-4ys, iniciob. u. . bo year 6 per cent. Currency, 112(1 12 V; Due Com p. Int. Notes, 19; Gold, 1167;4117!; Sliver, 1113U4; Union Pacific Railroad 1st Mori. Bonds. 820(4830: Central PactUo Railroad, 865 870; Union Pacific Land Grant Bonds, 766(4770. Philadelphia Trade Report. TtESDAV, Aug. 16. The Flour market continues dull, there being no demand except from the home consumers, who purchase only enough to supply their immediate wants. The sales foot up 400A00 barrels, Including superfine at tft-6035-76; extras at t66-87.H; Iowa, Wisconsin and Minnesota extra family at $0-60a7-25; Pennsylvania da do. at $7(4 f s8'75, as In quality, ltye Flour Is steady at 16. rrices ot corn jyichi are nominal. The demand for Wheat is quite limited, and, with liberal receipts and large offerings, prices favor buyers. Bales of 8ooo bushels, including new Western red at $1-43(3 145; do. white at $l-4.'xoil-50; and old Pennsylvania and Ohio red at $l-47l-60. Itye is steady at $1 for new Delaware. Corn attracts but little attention. Bales of yellow at $1(4106, and Western mixed at 95($96c. oats are uucnanged. Sales of 3000 bushels new Western at 8l&3c Nothing doing in Barley or Malt. Bark In the absence of sales we quote Na 1 Quercitron at $30 per ton. Whisky la lower. 60 barrels Western iron-bound sold at 98C. LITEST Sllll'f Itttt IMLLUUL-MrJ. For additional Marin Stiet see Inside Pa-ie. PORT OF PHILADELPHIA .....AUGUST 16 BTAT1 OF rnlKMOMETKH AT THK IVgNINd TELEGRAPH OKPICK. T A. M 70 1 11 A. M 81 1 9 P. M S5 CLEARED THI8 MORNING. Br. bark Tropic Bird, Duikee, Cronstadt, B. Crawley & Co. Schr Reading BR. No. 93, Hendricks, New Haven, Sinnlckson fc Co. Schr Minnesota, Phinncy, Fair Haven, do. Schr Uszleton, Cuiumlngs, Taunton, do. Kcbr Sophie Wilson, Walls, East Cambridge, do. bclir Young America, Patton, Albany, do. ARRIVED THIS MORNINS. Steamship J. W. Kverman, Hinckley, 70 hoars from Charleston, 8. C, with cotton, etc., to Souder 4 Adams. (Steamer Nevsda, Gumley, from Hartford, with mdse. to W. M. Bali d A Co. Brig Louis C. Madeira, Mosslander, 9 days from Cardenas, with sugar to C. C. M. O Callaghan vessel to D. 8. Stetson 4. Co. Br. brig John Nauderson, Coulter, 9 days from Matanstas, with old Iron to Davis fc Warner vessel to Kouder & Adams. Schr E. W. Pratt, Kendncks, from Bosten. Schr E. S. McSbane, A res, from Boston. MEMoTtANDA, Ship Stur of Hope, peitersou, from Memel for Phiiudelphis, at Elsinot e 2ith ult. Ship Covadunga, Vives, hence, cleared at Gibral tar 971b ult. for Alexuudrla. Nor. bun Vaa, from London for Philadelphia, was spoken 13th lust., lat 40 23, long. 9, by a New York pilot boat. . Bars Eveliua, from Boston for Philadelphia, was spoken lith Inst, oif Nantucket liwlnp, by a New York pilot bout - Bark Wallace, Jordan, hence, arrived at Antwerp 8d lusu ' Bark Venus, Purdy, hence, arrived at Antwerp 4th instant. Hark Maria, Mortensen, keuce, anived at Barce lona 27tb ulu Park Eugenia, Larrabee, hence, arr'd at Corunna 86th ult. Bark I.aboromus, Porter, from Gottenburg for Philadelphia, was off Dover 2d lust. Bark Ankathcr, UendrickscD. henca for Sie'tlru I st Eisinore 28ih ult.