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THE DAILY EVENING TELEGRAPH PHILADELPHIA, THUHSDA1, OCTOBER 13,1870.
btxxixt or Txxxi run s a. Editorial Opinions of the Leading Journals upon Current Topics Compiled Every Day for the Evening Telegraph AN INSIDE VIEW OF TARIS. From the Hi Y. DeraUL I5y balloon express a special correspondent inside of Paris furnished us the very interest ing report given on Monday to our readers of the condition of things in the city under the siege, day by day, from the l!Hh of September to the 5th inst., inclusive. From this diary it appears that on the 10th of September a do laohinent of Gardes Mobiles and Zouaves, after a three hours' fight, had been defeated outside the walls, and that these "soldiers, flying ihto Faris, spread great consternation among the people, who tilled the streets;" that "the reds Lave prepared to avail them selves of the first serious defeat to seize the Government;" that "the telegraph wires to Brest and New York have been cut, and Paris is now completely isolated from the rest of the world;" and that "many foreigners have been arrested, a number of them charged with being Rpies." A gloomy exhibit, this, of demoralization, divisions, conspiracy, and distrust. On the 20th of September numerous par ties, under various devices, attempted to get away from the city, but in every case they failed. The German investment round a cir cuit of thirty miles was found complete and tight as a drum. "Many of the shops were shut and jewelry has entirely disappeared from the show windows and bazaars." A bad sign. September 21, the anniversary of the republic of 1702, a proclamation is issued in honor of the event. "Humors of an armis tice sent the funds np, and immense relief is evident in the publio mind." No wonder, for "marauders have broken loose and are robbing in every direction," and "Paris is encumbered with people utterly destitute of all meant?, in consequence of the stoppage of all work." Nearly half a million of armed men in the city of all sorts. On the 22d we find provisions getting dear, milk, butter and vegetables getting scarce, and the cost of fuel enormous. All the newspapers published on half sheets. No news from the outside world since Sunday last. A suggestive picture of "the mysteries and miseries of Paris" under Siege. On September 23 heavy cannonading out side all day creates great excitement inside. News of Jules Favre's failure with Bismarck had a prodigious effect. The "reds" were headed off in the general cry for war to " the last ditch." Very little gas used, and at mid night Paris is as still as a graveyard. " Can such things be" in Paris, where the fun ought to be in full blast at midnight? The saloons of the Grand Hotel on the 24th are turned over to an ambulance corps, and the " statue of Napoleon the First has been pulled dawn at Courbevoie and thrown into the river." The Parisians have had enough of the Bjna partes. Provisions are getting so high that riots and plunder are feared. The new opera house is opened for the distribution of food to the poor, and (October 1) " the smallpox is rapidly increasing thereby adding one more to the horrors of the siege." On the 3d Gambetta says to Picard, "The proper place for us is Tours. We must make up our minds to venture out in a balloon. It is our only means of getting out." We know what fol lowed. Gambetta did get off in a balloon, but it was a narrow escape. He reports Paris as tranquil and resolute, that her provisions still hold out, that half a million of armed men are within the walls for her defense, and that the women are making a million of cart ridges a day. Mow, to rednce all these details to a few hard facts, what is the condition of Paris under this siege ? There are two millions of men, women, and children within the walls on a limited supply f provisions. From day to day this supply is so far diminished as to lessen the amounts distributed and to in crease the price of everything nearer and nearer to the point of starvation to thous ands. What, then, does it signify that there are three thousand cannon mounted and five hundred thousand armed men within the walls for the city's defense, if the city is so reduced in its supplies that within a month it must capitulate or make a desperate sortie, in order to procure food, or suffer the terible extremities of starvation. A note from the Prussian Government on this ubject says that if the oity resolves to holdout till starved into submission there are two millions of people to whom the Prus sian army would be unable to supply food for a single day; that there is nothing eatable left within several days' march of Paris, and that consequently in the extremity suggested hun dreds of thousands of those people must starve. One of two things, therefore, may be very shortly looked for a desperate sortie from thote five hundred thousand armed men in Paris npon the German line of investment. or a capitulation, and we may, perhaps, have both. We look first, however, for a des perate sortie and a bloody engagement. THE WAR AND TIIE COTTON CROP, From the Ar. Y. Tribune. While every week of European war and business derangement buoys the hopes of the wheat-grower and sustains his price, in the game ratio is cotton depressed. The declara tion of hostilities in July, followed by the amazing vigor of the Prussian advance and the collapse of the French armies, has made it more and more certain that thousands and thousands of spindles must cease to run; that millions who had money to buy cloth last year will have no money tins year. .Navigation became timorous and capital over-cautious. The result is just what all the South feared cotton hardly over a shilling a pound in tact, less tnan 12 cents, gold, it is now quite well ascertained that cotton gives no rrofit worth mentioning when the price coes below 15 cents, and none at all when only 10 is the price of good middling. At the New Orleans fair in April the cost of a pound of cotton was discussed, and the conclusion reached that on the best alluvial soils, in a cood season, and with close management, 10 cents will make a pound. But on the average upland, and with the average eoonomy, the planter loses who does not receive l.. Southern prosperity, which for two years has gone beyond all precedent in the days of the old regime, has received a blow: the planter ' is disheartened; the merchants are afraid to buy, and Southern goods are gathering dust in the lofts oi jsew lorn warehouses. We have again and again counseled the cotton-growing States that a devotion such as they have given to a single product, for marketing v. men tney must look to foreign oountiies, is bad economy, and can result in no lasting and permanent thrift. A comma nity that lives by cotton only, or wheat only, or tobacco, or rice, or sugar, will run over a ereat surface with a low and exhaustive till age. Nothing is returned to the soil for crops taken off. Prosperity is measured by dollars that come over-seas not by such true tests as the condition of roads, houses, bridges, churches, and stock. A foreign market is a precarious market. When it is good it throws abundance of spending-money into the planter's pocket, and he scatters it for things that perish with the using. He buys a saddle-horse from Kentucky, a car riage in New York; his family indulge in expensive silks, rare china, and velvet carpets. 1 hen comes a crash; the merchant has ad vanced several thousands on a crop that hardly pays for picking, and holds a mortgage on the land. Expenses must be reduoed, the old luxuries are partly abandoned, and re trenchment throws a gloom over the family and broods over the neighborhood. Another year the price goes up, and with it the profu sion of living. Thus agriculture, instead of proceeding with the wise calmness and grand uniformity of nature, becomes a speculation, almost a game. If the planter becomes a gamester, what wonder that the merchant, the lawyer, the politician, follows in his wake, and the whole social fabric is convulsed by a sudden telegram from London? Cannot our Southern brethren see that a composed, well baRed, established, yet progressive civiliza tion is inconsistent with their misplaced con fidence in a single product? and will they not take a lesson from the gloomy experience of this year, and no longer prop all their hopes on a cotton bale? Though the planter makes only his living this year, he is by no means poor. 1 he crops of 'G8 and '00 paid him handsome returns, and he can command the means for engaging in varied culture and a diversified industry. 1 irst of all, he should arrange to produce all the wheat, all the corn, oats, pork, and beef he consumes. He should examine new methods and learn whether his long, sunny summers cannot do something more fr hiui than merely to open a boll of cotton. He can grow figs and dry them; he can raise sweet potatoes in large quantities, pare and slice them, and, by drying in a kiln, give the soldier and the sailor and the poor of cities cheap and nutritious food. Un his rough land the Angora goat will prosper. His forests can be made profitable for bark, for tanner's ooze, and for lumber. On his sunny southern slopes the grape will gather sweet ness, lhus his land will become attractive, and its value will greatly enhance. If the ad versity of this year can be made to utter an impressive lesson on true thrift for the South, the cloud that now overshadows their industry really has a silver lining. ROME AND ALSACE. From the rail Hall Gazette. By the occupation of the territory com posing the Roman State the political consoli dation of Italy is completed. It would be idle to assert that all the steps by which this great achievement has been carried through have been in harmony with morality as un derstood between Government and Govern ment; yet the self-respect of the Italian peo ple has been preserved by their strong sense of a higher right entitling those who have acted in their name to do all they have done. The consciousness of a unity in the Italian people has produced a conviction of their moral right to form one political aggre gate, and to give to it suou constitutional forms as the majority of Italians should prefer. No inquiry can be more important for various reasons at this moment than an inquiry into the source of this overpowering consciousness of unity.. It has assuredly not grown out or common political History, for, not to speak of modern times, there never was a period at which Italy was a country with Rome for her capital, for Rome was always the capital either of less or oj more than Italy. Nor has this remarkable feeling arisen from unity of race. .Nothing is more certain than that the Italians are not of the same race. Many of them are doubtless descended from races akin to the citizens of the city which conquered the world, but vast numbers could only trace their pedigree to the great gangs of slaves, swept together from the corners of the earth, who filled the households or tilled the gigantic estates of the wealthy Komans. The population of the North of Italy is mainly Geltio, that of the extreme south has in it Greek, Arabian, and Norman ingredients; and everywhere at the top there must be a thick stratum of German origin. The true unity or Italy is tne result of the unity of language; it is comparatively modern, and consists in a common mental history. Italian learning, Italian science, Italian poetry, Italian painting, Italian musio, and w . m v. at-. . Italian architecture, have been practically common for many centuries to all the coun tries now forming the kingdom, and out of these has been shaped the unity of the Italian people. It is worth taking the real origin of Italian nnity into consideration when we are asked to assent to that German claim to Alsace and Lorraine Which is perhaps at this mo ment being settled in one sense or the other. That, too, is a claim alleged to be morally founded on unity. The unity is not of lan guage, which is allowed to have degenerated into a patois in these provinoes; it is a unity of race, supposed to be shown by a former common tongue. What is really meant by unity of race beyond a certain community of language is not the less indistinctly under stood because the words are nowadays com mon in men's mouths; those who talk with most emphasis about races and nationalities would probably hesitate to lay down that all whom they include under a particular name have sprung from the loins of the same savage patriarch. What really fa important is the question whether unity of race or language has produced community of mental history. Now, it is certain that Alsace and Lorraine have had no part or share in tne intellectual development of Germany The Reformation was the great intellectual achievement of Germany, but Alsace and .Lorraine nave long been fervently Catholic. Germon literature only came into existence when they were French, and not long before the events oocurred which made them in tensely and fanatically proud of beins French, The mental history of these provinces is in faot French, and it is now too late to make it otherwise. They have already given Beveral great names to French art and literature, and their admiration is commanded exclusively by French models. As for the political his tory of the population, it is of even later origin than their intellectual history, for it began in 1781). Their power of speaking a broken German does not produce sympathy witn a single uerman luea. Considering what the exploits of German generals: have been, it would be Highly pre sumptuous to question their opinion that the annexation of these provinoes would give them a nearly impregnable military frontier; and we are not satisfied that M. Renan is right in asserting that Franco, if she retained Alsace and Lorraine, would easily reconcile herself to Germany, while she would never forcrive their loss.. But there is one aspect of the subject on which English authority is better than any other. Englishmen may claim to be heard by Germans when they say that the possession of these provinces woull be a very serious misfortune to thoe liberties which Germany appears to be now sure of obtaining. Tne Germans seem to have persuaded themselves thit they can re-Germanize Alsace and Lorraine by careful administration. Yet this process has been going on for long years in the Austrian States, and the present dangers of the Austrian empire arise from the fact that the attempts of the German bureaucracy to produce a uniform political whole have failed miserably even in those Slavonio provinces which have no mental his tory at all and little more than a pretence of political history. Not even the political in stitutions of Hungary seem to us likely to prove material so stubborn and unmalleable as the Urencn structure of society in Alsace and JLorrame. we cannot doubt that tne new provinces would have to be governed as rosen is governed, only under vastly greater difficulties. Now we Englishmen have a world of experience on this subject from our connection with Ireland. We shall never give it up so long as we exist as a nation, and, indeed, we should ceaso to be a nation if we lost it. But at the same time we cannot help feeling for the political rashness of a nation which should take to itself a sort of Ireland, save under pressure of overwhelming political necessity. It is not that nowadays we find it difficult to bo just or generous to Ireland; the misfortune which it entails upon us is loss of confidence in our own political, social, and economical ideas. But a nation like ours, old in free dom, can find its most cherished principles falsified in a part of its territory, and yet not miner Halt tne injury which a similar mis cnnige would occasion to a community which is taking its first steps in political liberty. Nor need we hesitate to say that those dif ficulties which we trust we have nearly over came in our government of Ireland would be aggravated tenfold in the case of the new German provinces. The great obstacle to success in administering Alsace and Lorraine, ir tney remained (as we think they would; permanently discontented, would be the proximity of t ranee. Iranco may be iai- mennely weakened and impoverished; but nothing will make frenchmen cease to be a great literary people. You may no longer fear her armies, and yet her wit and her pas sion may be to tne last degree formidable. It is hard to govern a thoroughly discontented dependency under any circumstances, but in finitely harder to govern it under the eyes of a bitterly critical neighbor who has the ear of the world. However much we may recognize the great qualities of the German people, we cannot but see that there are many German peculiarities which a thoroughly unfriendly censor may succeed in so describing as to make them contemptible or hateful. Neither the kings nor the nobles nor the bureaucracy nor the literary men nor the middle class are exempt from weaknesses which it would cost little to French criticism to make the sport or the world. lut the great weapon of French literature would be the aggravation of actually existing discontent. In these days of universal publioity there is no nation wnicn does not sutler extreme discomfort from the knowledge that she is suspected of oppressing a province or a dependency. Great Britain is singularly callous to foreign opinion, and yet the approval of the "intelli gent foreigner" was promised us as the chief reward of recent Irish legislation of whioh a good deal was not to our national taste. Russia takes manifest pains to seem uncon cerned as to what Europe may think of her administration of Poland; yet the signs of malaise may be clearly read in the affected nationalism of ber literature and her press. But discontents which are merely an annoy ance to a despotically governed country, or to a country of assured freedom, may prove the cruellest of trials in the infancy of free government. MOST WE nAVE A NEW PARTY? From the X. Y. Bun. ' In the old time the Whigs made a great outcry against resident Jackson for bring ing, as they alleged, the patronage and power of the government into conflict with the free dom of elections. The old General had rather arbitrary notions of discipline, political as well as military, and a disobedience of orders emanating from competent authority was Bummarily punished. He contended that men in the emploj ment of the Government could not in equity and good conscience resist its measures. In other words, he in sisted, not only that his Cabinet should be a unit, but that inferior agents of the Govern ment should not obstruct the harmonious operations of the administration. The oppo sition, headed by Clay, Calhoun, and Web ster, nearly broke down General Jackson by seizing npon this annunciation of his policy and determination, and denouncing what was charged to be usurpation and tyranny. The country was electrified by eloquence steadily poured forth in the Senate; but Jackson un derstood the popular temper, and his strong will and manifest honesty of purpose carried mm triumpnantly tnrough the terrible ordeal, Can Grant maintain himself in a similar exigency ? Without knowledge or experience in civil affairs, with no comprehension of the condition or wants of the country, no apti tude for the duties of his high office, sur rounded by flatterers who play upon his weaknesses and direct tne course of the Gov ernment with reference to their own selfish schemes, it is not surprising that his ad minis tration should be steadily falling into con tempt. The President is constantly and openly in terfering with elections in the States, and has no hesitation in directing office-holders now to vote, or in threatening them with re moval in case they diuobey his orders. In Missouri the Republicans are divided, and Grant is bringing the whole power of the administration to bear against the strongest faction. Is it conceivable that the people will submit to ims impertinent dictation i In this State a similar oourse has been pur sued. Senator Fenton and his fri suds have been proscribed on aooount of their alleged hostility to urant s desire tor a renoniination Can the integrity of the party be maintained upder such circumstances ? The thing is im possible. If tne democrats nave sufficient sense and judgment to profit by their past experience, the way to victory is open and easy; but they resemble the Bourbons too much to warrant the nope -that they will act wisely or well. Grant has broken down and has damaged his party immensely. Of that there can be no question. If the Democrats fail to take advantage of the situation and it looks as though they would it may de volve upon the iiuii to found a new party. In such a contingency we shall take care to lay the foundations broad and deep, so that the superstructure will be permanent and wormy or this country. REACTION IN GERMANY. I'roiu the Chicago Pott. It is impossible for the most enthusiastic defender of the course of Prussia since Sedan to deny that there are at present manifold indications of a liberal reaction in Germany, The first exultation of victory is over, and considerate afterthought has calmed the ps sions, and, joined to the melancholy argu ment of infinite desolation and mourning, has created an intense desire for peace. The iron rule of what the world has been pleased to term the most formidable military despotism now absolutely prevails throughout Germany, and it is, accordingly, somewhat difficult definitely to ascertain the exact condition of public sentiment in that country. Such of the surface indications of this change of sentiment as have been per mitted to come to .us, are the imprisonment of the eminent German liberal Jacobi for a most able and moderate speech, the arrest of other liberals in different parts of Germany, the opposition, although restrained, of a con siderable number of the national liberals and of the ForttcJmtts party, and the German republican protest against the annexation of Alsace and Lorraine. Although these malcontents would yield to none in their devotion to the cause of German unity, they have some very unmon archical notions with respect to human liborty and self-government. While they love unity much, they fear despotism more, and can but regret that Sedan should crown the work commenced at Sadowa, if the consequent gigantio centralism Bhohld prove hostile to the development of individual freedom. That Htu h a fear exists, the speeches and protests above referred to show. The traditions of the Prussian monarchy are not favorable to an opposite view. While, as King William himself has said, "Prussia is a State which, beyend dispute, is, by its intelligence, strength, and order, at the head of Ger man civilization," there are, nevertheless, many who believe that it is impossible that anything like freedom should take root in any soil trodden by the irou lioel of the Prussian monarohy. In 18(12, in discussing the future of Germany, Bismarck said: "The improve ment of the condition of Germany with re spect to its constitutional relations is both desirable and necessary, but it can. however, be improved, not by the resolutions of majo rities, speeches, and the like, but only by iron and blood." Iron has been used, and the blood of the flower of the German youth has been shed since 1302, with the accoin plishment of German unity for a result, which may mean the advancement of liberty or the increase of despotic power. The principal cause of opposition arises from the conduct ot rrussia with respect to the annexation of Alsace and Lorraine. This dissatisfaction is best set forth in the remark able speech of Dr. Johann Jacobi, for which he was recently arrested at Konigsberg. 1' or these manly words Jacoby was inconti nently sent to prison, to the great disgrace of tne rrussian government, ine omoiai pro test cf German workingmen is very simuar in sentiment, and demands an immediate, honorable peace. In addition tD this, the cry is raised that the constitution of North Ger many is not adapted to the new conditions of that country; that it is the nasty and incom plete work of 1800 thrown together merely to secure the fruits of a sudden and unexpected viotory: that under it excessive military du ties are required of the people, and enormous taxes; that it still maintains the union of Church and State, the tax on newspapers,and the Reverely oppressive police regulations, and that its provisions are inimical to per sonal liberty. The protest with respect to the treatment of Alsace and Lorraine is timely, but, as in the case of Schleswig-Holstein, is likely to remain without effect. Indeed, the summary answer given to those suggesting such an eminently just principle ot annexation is ignominy and imprisonment. Napoleon, the author of the modern doctrine of nationali ties, always presumed as a condition prece dent of annexation, a popular vote. This condition Prussia agreed to accept with re gard to the Danish provinces, and dishonor ably broke its word, and defied the impotence of the inhabitants of those provinces and of the parties to the treaty. Article 5 of the treaty of Prague provides: "His Majesty the Emperor of Austria transfers to the King of Prussia all tlie rights acquired by the peace of Vienna, October 30, 18U1, over the duchies of Holstein and Schleswig, with the reservation that the populations of the northern districts of Schleswig shall, if they express by free voting a desire to belong to Denmark, be ceded to that State. This ar ticle Prussia has never fulfilled by offering the inhabitants of Northern Schleswig an op portunity to vote. Having violated this solemn compact, Prussia does not enter into similar engagements with respect to the Rhine provinces, but having taken them, has already practically incorporated them into the Prussian monarchy, by a simple fiat of annexation, as the duchies have been incor porated, and, after them, Hanover, Cassel, Nassau, and Frankfort. Whether this reaction will in any wise in fluence the action of the victorious Prussian monarchy it is impossible at present to deter mine. SPECIAL NOTICES. jmgy- OFFICE OF THE PHILADELPHIA AND TRENTON RAILROAD COMPANY, No, 2U S. DELAWARE Avenue. Philadelphia, October 8, 19T0. A special meeting of the Stockholders of the Philadelphia and Trenton Railroad Company will be held at the oftlce of the said Company, In the city of Philadelphia, at 12 o'clock noon of TUESDAY, October 25, 1370. to take Into consideration an -ac ceptance of an act of Assembly of the Common wealth of Pennsylvania entitled "An Act to Entitle the Stockholders of any Railroad Company Incorpo rated by this Commonwealth, accepting this act, to one vote for each share of stock," approved May 20, 1SGS ; and also to take Into consideration an accep tance of an act of the Commonwealth of Pennsyl vania, entitled "An Act authorizing corporations to increase their bonded obligations and capital stock," approved December 29, 1889. By order of the Board of Directors of the Philadel phia and Trenton Railroad company. F. H. 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How dlirerent is the result succeeding the use of MURRAY LAN MAN'S t lokiua v Ai kk i u&js alter its application tne handkerchief exhales a most delightful, delicato, and agreeable fragrance. 3 1 taths ggy- TREGO'S TEABEKRY TOOTHWASH. It Is the moBt pleasant, cheapest and best dentifrice extant. Warranted free from injurious Ingredients. it reserves ana w miens tne Teotu i Invigorates and Soothes the Gums 1 Purines and Perfumes the Breath ! Prevents Accumulation ef Tartar I Cleanses and Purifies Artificial Teeth! Is a Superior Article for Children! Bold by all druggists and dentists. 8 2 10m Cor. NINTH AND FILBERT Sts., Phllada, HELM BOLD 8 EXTKACT BUCHU GIVES health and vigor to the frame and blood to the pallid cheek. Debility Is accompanied by many alarming symptoms, and if no treatment la sub mitted to, consumption, insanity, or epileptic ots ensue. 10 l tw y- THE GLORY OF MAN IS STRENGTH should Immediately use Uelubold's H.xthact BUCHU. 10 1 TW THE UNION FIRE EXTINGUISHER COMPANY OP PHILADELPHIA. Manufacture and sell the Improved, Portable Fire ExtiBguUther. Always Reliable. D. T. GAGE, B SO tf No. 113 MARKET 8t, General Agent. TAKE NO MORE UNPLEASANT AND dlseasea. I'se IIki.mdoi.u'8 Extract Bucuu and iMl'KOVKD ROSK WASH. ltt 1 7W FURNACES. Established in 1835. Invariably tha greatest aaooaaa ovar all oompatitioa whenever and wherever exhibited or naed in the UNITED STATES. CHARLES WILLIAMS' Patent Golden Eag!s Furnaces, Acknowledged tj tha leading Architects and Builder be the moet powerful and durable Fnrnaoea offered, and the most prompt, arstematio, and largeet house in line of business. HEAVY REDUCTION IN PRICES, and only flrst-cUsi work turned out. Not. 1132 and 1134 MARKET Street, PHILADELPHIA. R. B.-8FND FOB BOOK OF FACTS ON HEA1 AND VENTILATION. 622 4m STOVES, RANCES, ETC. BTJZBY & HUNTERSON, MORNING GLORY Stove,lIeateraii(lI!ango "Warehouses Nos. 309 and 311 N. SECOND St., Above Vine, Philadelphia. ' Special attention to Heater and Range Work. Repairing promptly attended to. in 8 lm r u E WEBSTER PORTABLE HEATER STANDS WITHOUT A RIVAL For Heating Churches, Schools, Publio Halls, Dwellings. Call and see certificates. C. J. 'r!IAaMJ, No. 140 S. SECOND Street. A large assortment of beautiful Stoves, Heaters, and Ranges. Jobbing promptly attended to. Roofing, Spouting, ete. 9 U lm WHISKY, WINE, ETQ. QAR8TAIR8 A McCALL, Bo. 128 Walnut and 21 Qi inlte Cti IMP0BTKB8 QW Brandies, Wines, Gin, Olivt Oil, Etc., WHOLESALE DRaLBPS " PURE RYE VHM Kiea. IN BOND AND TAX PAH). Mil BHIPPINO. UNTIL FURTHER NOTICE THE PHILADEL PHIA AND SOUTHERN MAIL STEAMSHIP COMPANY will not receive freight for Texas ports. WILLIAM L. JAMES, 9 23 - , - . oenerai Agent. riMlR KKMULAK STEAMSHIPS ON THE PHI. 1 LaI KU UIA AND CHARLESTON 8TEAM BHIP LINE are ALONE authorized to issue throogD bills of ladlrg to Interior points Sonth and West la connection with South Carol Ln a Railroad Company. ALVRED L. TYLER, Vloe-President So. C. RR. Oo, .fdTjST., PHILADELPHIA AND SOUTHERN JL5kki.MAIL 8TKAM8UIP COMPANY'S REOUl UK &KMIMONTHLY LIflB TO NKW LK AN8, I The YAZOO will eall fori New Orleaaa direct, oa Buturdsr October SU, at 8 A. M. Tbe JUNIATA will sail from New Orleans, via Ha vana, on i October - . THROUGH HlLilit) OF LADING at as low rate M by or other route aivrn to Mobile, and to all points on tha Miwiraippi riTei between New OHosns Hud Bt. Louis. Kefl KiTer freight reehipped at New Orleans withoai ebarce of oemmissioDS WEFKI-Y LINE TO BATARNAH. OL Tbe WYOMING will sail iot Savannaa oa 8star dT, October IS, at 8 A. M. The TON A WAND A will sail from Bavannaa on Bator- dar. October 18. TbkOUtiH BILLS OF LADING riven to all thsprtn. elnal towns in Georgia, Alabama, Florida, Mimiesippt, Ixmisiana, Arkansas, and Tennessee in connection with the Central Railroad of Ueorria, Atlantio and Golf Rail. road, and Florida steamers, at aa low rates a or oompetins linea. SEMI-MONTHLY LINE TO WILMINGTON. N. O. The PIONKKK will sail for Wilmington on Sfttardaft October 15. at t A. M. Retaining, will leave Wilming ton Ks'ordsr, October 23. Ooonecti with the Uape Fear River Steamboat Oona. panv, the Wilmin, ton and Weldoti and North Carolina Railroads, and tbe Wilmington and Manohester Railroad to all interior points. Freights for Ooinmbis, B. O., and Aniraata, Oa., taken via Wilmington, at as low rates as br any ether roots. Insurance effected when rerjaonted by shippers. Bill of lading signed at Queen street wharf on er before da of aailinjc. WILLIAM L. JAMES, General Agent. 11 No. 130 Bonth TUMID Street. fffiff LORILLARD STEAMSHIP COMPAN FOK MEW YORK, SAILING EVERY TUESDAY. THURSDAY, AND SATURDAY. RATES TEN CENTM PER 100 POUNDS, FOUR UENTh PER Ol'UIC FOOT, ONE CENT PER GALLON. 8HIP 8 OPTION. INSURANCE DY THIS LINE ONE-EIGHTH OF ONE PER CENT. Extra rates on small packages Iron, metals, etc No tecelpt or bill of lading signed for less than fifty cents. uoods rorwaroea to an points iree or commissions. Thronah bills of ladlnu Riven to Wilmlnirton. N. O.. by the steamers of this line leavlnar New York trl weekly.For further particulars apply to dOltJN v. OHU, PIER 19 NOKTH WHARVES. N. B. The regular shippers by this line will be charged the above rates all winter. w inter rates commence uecember ib 8 8 9 KIIR LIVERPOOL An unKRNR. .TOWN Ionian Line of Royal Mall bteamers are appointed to sail as follows: City of London, Kaiuriwy, ucu to, at a. m. City of Antwerp (via Halifax), Tuesday, October 18, at 12 noon. City of DrooKiyn, sararaay, ucr. ira, at if.M. City of Brussels, Saturday, Oct. 29, at 10 A. M. and each succeeding; Saturday and alternate Tues day, from pier No. 4ti North river. Payable ln gold. Payable ln currency. First Cabin tB Steerage $3 To Londen 80 To London 85 To Paris 90 To Paris 83 To Halifax., 20 1 To Halifax 15 Passengers also forwarded to Havre, Hamburg, Bremen, etc, at reduced rates. Tickets can be bought here at moderate rates . by persons wishing to send for tneir friends. For further Information apply at the company's office. JOHN G. DALE, Agent. No. 15 Broadway, N. Y. I Or to O'DONNELL & FAULK, Agents, 40 No. 402 CHESNUT Street. Philadelphia. PHILADELPHIA, RI CUMOND IVn 7 111 1.VV. .IT BTV1USUID TTKTD THROUGH FREIGHT AUt LINE TO TUB SOUTH INCREASED FACILITIES AND REDUOED RATES FOR 1H70. Steamers leave every WKDNK8DAY and SATURDAY, at L o'olock noon, from FIRST WHARF above MAR. KKT Street. RETURNING, leave RICHMOND MONDAYS and THURSDAYS, and NORFOLK TUESDAYS and SA. TU RDA YS No Bills oi Lading signed after 13 o'olook on aaiUnaj dSTHROUGH RATES to all points in North and South Carolina, via Seaboard Air Line Railroad, oonneoting at Portsmouth, and to Lynohbnrg, Va., Tennessee, and tha West, via Virginia and Tennessee Air Line and ft'""" "id "KreightUANOLKl) BUTONOK, and taken at LOWER RATlfs THAN ANY OTHER LINK. No charge for commission, drayage, or any expense ot ransfer. . , . , Freight received dally. Ki. i liMm aooommodatione for paasengsra, BUte Room aooomiu w ,IAM p olYOK A CO.. r 19 8. WHARVES and Pier IN. WHARVES. W P. PORTER, Agent at Richmond and City Point. T.'P. ORWWELL CO.. Agents at Norfolk. 4 IS fc FOR NEW Y'ORK, VIA DE LA WARS, fjsSW.-? n1 Raritan Canal. SW IFTSUR E J , COMPANY TRANSPORTATION f . DESPATCH AND 8WIFTSURE LINES, Leaving dally at 12 m. ana o r. al Tne steam propeirers of this company will com mence loading on the 8th of March. Through ln twenty-four hours. Goods forwarded to any point free of commission Freights taken on accommodating terms. Apply to BAIRD St CO.. Agent. No. 132 South DELAWARE Avenue. FOR NEW YORK, via Delaware and Raritan Canal. EXPRESS STEAMBOAT COMPANY. T he bteam Propellers of the line will commenca loading on the 8th Instant, leaving dally as usual. TU HOUGH IN TWENTY-FOUR HOURS. Goods forwarded by all the lines going out of Ne York, North, East, or W est, free of commlaston. Freights received at low rates. WILLIAM P. CLYDE A CO., Agents, No. 12 S. DELAWARE Avenue. JAMES HAND, Agent, No. 119 WALL Street, ew it org. a NEW EXPRESS LINE TO ALEXAN drla. Georgetown, and Washington. D. C. via Chesapeake and Delaware Canal, witn connections at Alexandria from the most direct route for Lynchburg, Bristol, Knox v tlie. Nashville, Dalton, and the BouthweBt. bteamers leave regularly every Saturday at noon torn the first wharf above Market street. Freight received dally. WILLIAM P. CLYDE A CO., No. 14 North and South WHARVES. HYDE & TYLER, Agents at Georgetown; M. ELDR1DGE A CO., Agents at Alexandria. 6 1 DELAWARE AND CHESAPEAKE ISTRAM TOWTU1AT COMPANY Barges towed between Philadelphia, i Baltimore, Uavre-de-Grace, Delaware City, and In I wrLUtHIiAIrn iruiuuh WILLIAM P. CLYDE A CO., Agents, Captain JOHN LAUGDLIN, Superintendent. Offlce. No. 12 South Wl arves V'tUadelphla. 411 CORDAGE, ETC WEAVER & CO. ESOPX2 JIANUrACTIJULIIi AKD No. S9 North WATER Street and No. 83 North WHARVES, Philadelphia. P.OPE AT LOWEST BOSTON AND NSW YOR? PRICES. CORDAGE. Kanilla, Siial and Tarred Cordage At Lowest New York Prioes and Freights, KD WIN IL FITLEK de CO factory. TKJITH St, and GKRMANTOWB Avenue, , Store, No. 83 . WATER Be. and 22 H DKLAWAB1 ' Aveooe. ! 41912m PHILADELPHIA! CROOERIES. ETO. gXTRA LA R C E ME 8". MACKEREL. BEKT O. ROBERTS, Dealer ia Fine Grooeriaa, 11 Ti at KLE V KSTH and VINE Streets,