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V ; ' - . . , r H JJ-O VOL. XV. T0. 2. PHILADELPHIA, TUESDAY, JANUARY 3, 1871. DOUBLE SHEET Til RISK CENTS. rrnTTTr ttti tj tth a ttttttt" hi j Mil -rr rf A r N -U U JJJ jU 3 LiiJJ U LL FIRST EDITION Foreign Mail News. An Address to the Czar. Itlarshal ZXazaine's Defense. FOREIGN MAIL XEW.3. 3 Th t'car nod liU Nnbjecta The ' Alnbnam :inlDis-DRllnh View f Anierlona Kepudla tlon. From foreign mails just received we make tbe following extracts:' ADDRESS TO THE CZAR BY THE MCSICIPALITr OF MOSCOW. "Most Gracious Sovereign: For fifteen j'ears Russia has patiently endured an unprecedented humiliation, in the firm hope that, constantly growing under your sovereign care, she could recover, in fitting time, freedom and strength and due respect abroad. Oa the inspiration of your sovereign conscience you have decided, hire, that this time has now arrived that the hour has come for Russia to shake off the un lawful bonds placed on her by her enemies. Not clandestinely but openly, you have de nounced several articles of the Treaty of Paris, which was already, long since, wholly broken and trampled upon by the very powers who made it to Russia's harm. 'Your. words, solemnly uttcrcdjln the name of tLe Russian land and people, will not remain words alone, but will be converted into decisive, acts. Whatever! tria's may now threaten us wo" arc sure will not find Russia unprepared; they will undoubtedly always find Russia in close urray about your throne. But Russia looks on her future with greater confidence than in for mer times, feeling in herself a constant spiritual renovation. Each of your great reforms, already completed, now in completion, and longed for is to her, and at the same time to your Majesty, a source of new strength. No one has ever gained such rights to the gratitude of a people as you, Sire, and uo one has ever been repaid by a people with such ardent devotion. "From you the Russian nation has received gifts, and in you it continues to see the surest guardian of the liberties it has acquired, which eullico it henceforth for daily bread. From you it expects also the completion of your happy beginning, am', first of all, an cxteusion of the freedom of opinion and of the press, without which the national epirit dies out, and there is no room lor candor and frankness in its rela tions to the authorities; the freedom of the Church, without which even religion instruc tion itself is inclllcient; and, finally, freedom of conscience that most precious treasure for the human soul. "Sire! internal and external affairs are In separably connected. The gauge of success in the external sphere lies iu that lorcc of national sclf-knowledue and self-respect which the Sutc carries into all tre directions of its life. It Is Dly by unwavering obedience to the principle of nationality that the organism of the Statu is fctrengthoned, its borders uuited to it, and, that unity consolidated w hich was the unchangeable historical legacy of yoar and our ancestors, and the constant banner of Moscow from the begin ning of its existence. Under this banner, Sire, your fiat all classes of the nation range thein . selves even now-and now, too, without differ ' ence of rank in a friendly band, in unwaver ing hope in the Divine mercy, iu the right, and in you. "Confidence iu his people on the part of the Czar; a prudent self-poisesslon ia freedom and adclity in allegiance on the part of the people, and a mutual Indissoluble union of the Czar with his people, founded on the community of the national spirit, on tho agreement of aspira tion and belief this is our strength, this is what will aid Russia to fulfil its great histori cal mission. Yes, Sire, your will, we say in conclusion, in the words of our ancestors to your first crowned aucestor 1n 104'J: 'Yonr will we are ready to obey with our suhtance and our blood, and our thought is such."' "Adopted unanimously bv the municipality of Moscow, Nov. 17-20, 1870." The address was received by the Emperor, though its language is bolder and more open than that of any paper which has for many years been presented to him. THE POSTPONEMENT OF THE ALABAMA GRIEV ANCES A BI.VNDER. The rail Mall Gazelle of tho 17th ultimo has the follow ing on the Alabama claims: The hostility of the United States is the true key to the position occupied bv Great Britain, and we ehoula stand a great deal better with the world if we honestly acknowledgad it. Those amonir us who are striving their hardest to put some otK-r construction on Russian and Prus sian di!!r.ey than that which every organ of opinion outride England has placed upon it would most of them adUnit. if they would speak frankly that the consideration whiea recon ciles tliem to turning the other cheek to Count Bismarck after one has been smitten by Prince Gortscbakoff Is their conviction that U we made a bold step forward on the European political etaee the Americans would take us at a disadvantage. The great error of English states roanebipis unquestionably its tendency to tide over the difficulties whioh arise with the Uuited States by the help of the expedient which comes first to hand. But it is labor lost, and an ultimate rebuff invited, whea the Foreign Qlliee meddles with European politics, bo long us any American question remains unsettled. No greater blunder was ever committed than the postponement of the Alabama grievances. It is true we can never be sure what complaints the Americans will advance. Even the English Foreign Ofllee might be forgiven for not having looked forward to a renewal of the fishery dis pute. The true policy is nevertheless to solve all American controversies as rapidly as possi ble, and by any issue rather than none. The policy actually followed has been the very worst conceivable. When the Alabama claims bad been postponed; when the Dominion of Canada had been established; wheu our Ameri can territories were virtually garrisoned by a weak militia, there remained, as M. Thiers put it, not another fault to be guilty of. AMEHICAK KEPI MATIO. The following extract is from the Loudon Ex aminer of the 17th ult.: Let ns nay all that has been said, includlug much trat out; lit not to be said, for repudiation. It is asserted that no generation has the right to pledge the fruits of the labor of a future gene ration, and that accordingly posterity, not having made tLe promise, is uot bound to fulfil it. It Is a euiUclent answer to this argument to remind those who bring it forward that we have inherited not only the liabilities, but also the assets of our ancestors, including among the latter many advantages altogether byond price. Another argument very frequently used may be stated thus: "The persons who subscribed the loan obtained better terms thaa they would have done had there been no risk ot not being repaid. The United States obtains its loans on worse terms than our ow n couutry, not because it is less able to repay them, but because its reputation as to willingness to pay is not so well established as ours. The lenders, there fore, having been paid for taking the risk, have no just cause of complaint If taey lose their capital." This argument would equally justify a lerton setting his house on fire, because in surance companies are obliged to charge a bitrher rate than would be neoaasarv if arsou were a thing unknown. A tradesman who gives credit must, to get the same profit as others who do not, charge an enhanced trice sufficient to cover the amount of his bad debts. Would this Justify his customers In refusing to pay him for the goods they had bought? We think not. Another mode of attack on the just interests of the fund-bolder ia frequently adopted by those who have just enough acquaintance with eco nomical icience to make them confident with out being accurate. "The funds which were contributed," we are told, "were taken from the circulating capital of the country ; and the fund from which the laboring classes receive their remuneration was dimi nished bv the whole amount lent to tho Govern ment. The capitalists, therefore, were repaid by their saving in wages, the working class having borne tho whole of the expense; and so far from being aggrieved if they are not paid again, the capitalists have really escaped bear ing their fair share of the repayment." There is sufficient truth In this statement, inexact and irrelevant as is its conclusion, to make it worth while to point out the inadequacy of the premises to prove tho desired conclusion, though sufficient to establish principles which we hold to be of great importance, and likely to attract much attention in future. BAZAIXB'S DEFENSE. Summitry Report of the Operation oftlie Army or I he Jthlne, ISth August to VMHh October, Under this title Marshal Bazaine has brought out at 8imion's,in Berlin, a brochure accompanied by a map of the intrenched camp of "Metz. The following is an analysis of this pamphlet. After describing the battles of 14th, loth, and 18th August, which rendered tho retreat of the army upon Verdun Impossible, the writer continues as follows: The commanders and chiefs of the particular armies met at Guimont, And were of opinion that the army ought to remain at Metz in order to oc cupy soo.oou of the enemy, give France time to organize a rcBlstance,ani exercise the armies already In formation In order that, In cass the enemy could not be conquered, at least to render his retreat fatal, As to Metz, the fortress had need of an army to defend it, to complete its forts, its armament, and its outward works. They reckoned that with out the support of an army Metz could not hold out lilteen days. Unfortunately, neither the civil nor military authorities had, wnile it was yet possible, taken the precaution to augment the supply of pro visions iu case of a losg ivvcstnient. The civil authorities also neglected to send out strangers and useless mouths, and the prescribed measures not to terrily the population were also neglected. Jn consequence, after the investment we had to live on the scanty provlsloiinieot of Metz and the few villages which we possessed. It was therefore decided in the meeting of 25tn August, iu order to raise the spirits of the troops, to make demonstrations to harass the enemy and thus to augment the provisions. On receipt of a telegram from the Emperor saving, "Received your despatch of l'.tth at Ithelms, 1 am advancing by MontuiRdy, 1 shall be by to-inorrow on the Alsne, 1 will then arrange circumstances in order to ctuno to your aii," this plan was modified and the combats of 31st August and 1st September were fought, with the intention of making a sortie towards ThioHville. The position became worse and worse every dav, and all eiluils to get into communica tion with the (iovcrnment were in vain. At least (from the 15th to ljtuj September) I tried to ccmniunicate with it. 1 sent four several ways copies of the following despatch: "The armyvaut3 to Know what going on in Paris nud in France. We are wit it, communication with the interior, and the occasional runiois brought by prisoners are most disquieting. We require ine! ruction and news. We are .surrounded by considerable forces which we have iu vain tried to pierce on the 31st August ana 1st September." My despa'clies remained unan swered, and not one of my messengers (nil military) returned. On the inili October there was a ouneil or war held at headquarter!?, where it was uuanimously agreed that General Boyer should go to Versatile to try and learn the true &Uuatiou, the views of the Prussian authorities by means of a military conven tion, and to know the conditions which woild be made with regard to the army of Metz and a gene ral peace. The text or the protocol of the couucil of war reads thus: "After Marshal Bazaiuo had re viewed all the culminating points of the situation, he added that, in spite of all Ids droits to com muumtc with the capital, no official news from the Government has reached him, ami nothing has been done to cause a presumption that a diversion by a French army to rescue the arm? of Metz was on foot. The amount of provisions has decreased to such on extent that by reducing the daily rations to Sou grammes a day they could last till the 2 itti of October, Including two days of biscuit reserved for the soldiers. The ration of horse flesh might be In creased to 600 and later to 7.'o grammes, horses being considered as lost, seeing the Impossibility to feed them. Moreover, the sanitary condition, with 10,000 sick and wounded, .and the want of medica ments, beds, lotions, and, above all, medicines, was most dingerou8.tJ5very kind of epidemics lure manifested themselves in the hospitals, and have already tainted the town. The weakness caused by liiMiillcleut. nourishment would only augment the illness. Already all the lazirettos were tilled, and 2000 sick hud to be taken in by the inhabitants, and it was evident that tr a greater number of wounded waB sent into the town there would be nowhere to put them, and they would threaten the public health. It was decided : First, to hold out under the walls of Metz as loflg as possible; recond, not to undertake operations tue result of which appeared to be nothing: third, to negotiate within the space ot forty-eight hours with the enemy, at the conclu sion ot an honorable convention ; fourth, in se the enemy odercd conditions incompatible with the military honor, a passage by means ol aims should be attempted. (Signed , Canbobkrt, Fhossarh, I.EBOXK, AtMtBACI.r, DgSVAl'X, SOI.KI1.I.K, (OIF1MLKBS, I.KBRLN. ISAAIKK, Cienrral Boyer left for Versailles', ami announced on the ISth or October the success of his mission. The Army of Metz ought to go out lreely with arms and baggage. These question! were entirely de pendent on the political question. General Hover paiuted the situation of France as it had been 'depleted to him the impossibility of communicating with tho Government or Defense without the c invocation or a constitution, which alone could guarantee the future treaty, and the adjournment of this meeting by the Government de ado, whom Prussia would not recognize, tie power of the Constitution of the plebiscite of 18T0 representing still the Government of right. Hy even voices agatnvt live it was resolved that the General should return to Versailles.and from thence go on to h'Dgland iu the hopeof obtaining by inter vention oi me regency less nam conditions, ii was unanimously resolved that Ueueral Boyer should ubhtain rrom any political prejudice whatever, nis aim being to deliver the Army of the Kulue aud keen It for France. I never received any further news on this subject, but I learned a'terward that these loyal efforts were without result, the Prussiau authority proposing unacceptable conditions; and on the 22d of October I learned from Prim e Frederick Charles that the negotiations were without result. Ou the morning of the 2Mli I put this communication before the couucil of war. The council wishing to be com pletely informed, General Chaogaruier went to the headquarters or rrinee reuericK manes 10 ask, not to capitulate. lint for an armistice withrevictuAl- meut. or lor the army to leave, departing instantly for Algeria. The situation could not expect a belter ending. We had to be resigned rT alt idea of forcing the lines, the eLPiny having vanished, and the sacri fice or thousands of lives would have been In this ispe without remit. The council of wur met on the vsth, in the morn ing, learned the result of Chaugarnier'f mission, aud had to make a definite resolve. It was decided that General J anas should go to the quarters of the Prince, wita lull power to act. I had given the order to collect all the eagles ia the arsenal aud to destroy them, but this order was uot executed in ad tbrcorp. A new order was sent out for their de Hmctloii, which caused loss or time, and the con vention being signed it could not be executed. Hesideg, military trophies are or no value ir they are not taken on th Held or battle." An appendix joined to the brochure contains the imprecations of bazaine against the Provisional Government. The Prlot. Kdltlia Host I a L,uaUc A.y. IUIM. The unfortunate young woman who Is known as the Princess Kditha, and who claims to be a daughter of Lola Montez, was arrested yester day in New York, on a warrant issued by Jus tice Coulter. Later in the day sue was sent to the Lunatic AevluiA on Black well Island. While in the East Fifty-ninth btreet l'olko Htatlon, she wro'.e letters to Recorder llackett, Judge Bedford, and District-Attorney Garvin, declaring her arrest an unwarranted persecution. SECOND EDITION latest by Telegraph. WAR NEWS BY CABLE. Reported French Successes. Prussia's Indignity to England. DOMESTIC AFFAIRS. Archbishop Kenrick in St.. Louis. Railroading in the West The Delaware legislature. FROM EUROPE. Heported French Niirreen. London, Jan. 3. A severe engagement, in which tho French were successful, preceded the evacuation of Gray by the Germans. The reports that the - A rm v or the Loire has retired on Gicn are apparently conQrmel. iSenernl Chanzy'a Amu. Bordeaux, Jan. 3. A portion of General Chanzy's army is now strongly posted near Ycndome. Priih.tnn Frl'onera raptured. The engagements along the Loire for a week past have all been successes for the French. Near La Chartre 1200 prisoners were taken by the French. Soldier Drowned. - A Prussiau column recently lost 390 men hy drowning, in an attempt to cross the Loire ou the ice. The HlDltlna of Ifnltnh Collier. v London, Jan. 3. The lMfjraiJi. announces, on authority, thai the demands made upon Prussia by the British Cabinet, relative to the seizure and sinking of English colliers in the Seine, are in a fair way of adjustment. Thin lUorulna'n Quotation. London, Jan. 811 BO A. M Consols, 02 for both money and account. American securities quiet and steady; bomls of lStw, 89'.,; of HtM, old, gs: of 1SUI, 8S; 10-40H, 87'.;. Stocks steady ; Krle, v.y2 Illinois Central, lis'jtf; Atlantic and Great Western, 2$yt. IivEitrooi,, Jan. 8 11-30 A. M. Cotton tending down; uplands, B'viiSd. ; Orleans, 8J'S.d. Sales estimated at 12,000 bales. Wheat, los. M.i 10s. 10il. for h'chest trades No. t to lowest crades No. 2; led winter wl eat, lis.; stock or wheat at I.iverroo), 3C3,ooo quarters, against fcl0,000 last year; coin, i2s. od., for new. FROM THE WEST. lOerptton of Archbishop Kendrlcli. St. Lolis, Jan. 3. Archbiship Kendrlck, who has been absent a year in Ro:no where he took a prominent part in the .Ecumenical Council, was form 'illy received to dayl at St. John's Church. The varions Catholic organiza tions, numbering 2000 members, paraded the streets with banners and music. Tho church was crowded, and thousands were unauie to enter. Father Ryan delivered the opening addres?. The Archbishop Bald, with respect to his course in the UA'umenical Council, he would state briefly the motives which governed his act'ons. Often in the debate he had perhaps seemed opposed to the great doctrine of the Church, but this arose from the fact that there were arguments which he could not explain, and hi opposition was due to the misconcep tion of the real character of the principles in volved. After a close examination of the question he would say that bis motives for submission were simply dne to an unshaken belief in the autho rity of the Catholic Church. The reason of the necessity for rendering obedience to the Church was self-evident, and could not bo gainsaid. lie would call to the remembrance of the Church that scriptural declaration, "Thou hast the words of eternal life," and reminded them of the trusts committed to Peter and Paul. The Denver nod Knu.na Itallroad. Denver, Jan. 2. The Government commis sioners to examine the Venver Pacific aud Kan sas Tiailroads, arrived here on Saturday. l olled PMaten I.onit Office. The transactions of the United States Laud Oflice iu this city, for the year 1870, amount to a grand total of 274,517 acres. Of this amount, 73,780 were cash sales; 27,778 agricultural col lege scrip; 14,t79 land warrants; 05,171 home stead entries; aud 9108 dual homesteads. Itnllrond nuMtneim. The Denver Paclac Railroad has been com pleted six months and six days, aul has trans ported 72,000,000 pounds of freight. The Kansas Pacific Railroad has been com pleted four months and eleven days, aud has transported 17,410,121 pounds of freight. The aggregate Khlpmeot oft.old ond Hllver for the year ending December 81 amounts to upward of $5,000,000. The NiatUtlea of l'roia, mines, population, cattle, live ttock, and other sources of tangible wealth for the year 1870 show a very great Improvement over any pre ceding year since the settlement of the Terri tory. The weather is warm and very pleasant. Ciiurrb lluraed. St. Loi is, Jan. 2. Christ Church, on Thir teenth street, was damaged hy fire yesterday, The loss is estimated at from $10,000 to 15,00 J niurdrr at Leavenworth. St. Louis, Jan. 3. In Leavenworth yester day a man named Kennedy, who suspected a man named CoiTrey of being too intimate with his wife, met him on the street and fired four pistol balls through his head, killing him in stantly. Kennedy gave himself up. flew York Money and (Meek market. Niw York, Jan. a. blocks steady. Money, T per cent, currency 10 i gold, uoiu, iiu!tior. 6-X0S of 166S, coupon, 1085 do. IS, do., Nw.'tf; do. 16C5, do. 10t.;do. lSfto, new, 107 ex Interest; do. lbeT, los, ex interest; do. 1868, les, ex Interest; ltMOa, ldfix; Virginia to, new, S3; Missouri So, 6)v, ex lulereHl: Canton Co., 6o : Cumberland Dref..':5: N.Y. Central and Hudson Kiver, li ; Krle, i ; ltead- ing, i4; Adams it x press, w, ; Micnigan central, lift: Mlchliran Southern, Vl; lUluola Central. 13C; Cleveland and Pittsburg, loe ; chlcao aud hoclt Island, ion?.; PituburK and Fort Wayne, w,; Western tulun Telegraph, 5. FROM DELAWARE. Meeting of the I .inlatiire Election or IMIIrera. Special Despatch to the Jiveniitg Telegraph. Dover, Jan. 3.--The Lgisiauire hat just convened, and elected the following oflicers: Senate 8ptnker, Charles Gooding, of New Castle; Clerk, James R. Mitchell, of Kent; Sergcaut-at-Arms, Henry 8kidmore, of Sussex. House Speaker, Sewell C. Biggs, of New Castle; Clerk, John B. Pennington, of Kont; Sergcant-at-Arms, J. B. WlBgate, of Sussex. FROM NE1V ENGLAXD. t'oton Pnclflo Itnllrond Coupon. Boston, Jan. 3. The coupons ot the Union Pacific Railroad bonds were paid yesterday at the company's oflice in this city. ' (XhootlDff AlTnlr. Boston, Jan. 3. A policeman named Hinds yesteiday shot and severely wounded a man named James Murray, while engaged in an affray with others tit Newton. The officer was committed and held to bail in $5000. CIVIL SERVICE REFORM. Ex-Kerretnry Cox Dlncouraea on the Cnbjert In the "orih American Review." The following points are extracted from an article by the cx-Seeretary of the Interior in the forthcoming number of The Xorth Ameri can Heview: What, then, is the remedy 1 It is to apply to the civil service, completely and thoroughly, the plain principles of common business administration ; to separate the public unices, absolutely and rorever, from all favoritism, nepotism, aud "influence ;' to declare patronage in all Its forms to be ami-republican and dangerous to the State; to flud and prac tice upon apilncipleor selection foroillce whioh shall give every citizen of toe country a per fectly equal chance to prove his capacitv and fitness for the public service; and to obtain a posi tion in it when he has made the proof, with thor ough independence of President, Secretary, or Con gressman, and simply and solely because of his citi-Kensbip- and ids litucss. It is, further, to adopt in the permanent c ivil service a tenure of oillee dur ing good behavior, with tho hope of risiu to the highest grades or the routine service by industry and strict devotlou to duty. Iu brier, the principle to be adopted is admission to the civil service ouly upon the results or a competitive examination open to all, and dismission o"ly upou ascertained raiiure of capacity or character. A part from the weight of so decisive an authority, our own experience proves the no.'essify of making examinations competitive, because, iu spite or the law requiring a general examination, our practice fias noioriously and undeniably becomo no bntter than ir no examination whatever were required. A spasmodic eilort to make tho examination ni'jan something may bo made when public sentiment is for the moment aroused; but he must be Uuti In deed who dots not see that when the mere scratch of a pen of the head of a department or a bureau nny decide in favor of an applicant influential ly support jd, and nobody ba at ull the wiser for 1 trterj U no se.curity at all against a return at any moment io the most undisguised forms of oillee-johbiug. The objection is oiteu made by those who have given the. subject a very superficial consideration tint the sivjccssful competitors in these examinations will usually be Iiojb rretdi from school or college, and th.it oldur and better iseu who have become "rusty'' in their school knowledge will full. The exa minations . In every well-regulated sys I em are so . ordered that the spociiic knowledge most used in the bureaa Itself Is that whltm counts lor mosi in tun competition. The general education or tho applicant is tested, and the onlj cunctivatiie. meinou or uoing tnat must be, as Will lias remarked, to examine him upon the topics ol a gencial education. Hut this Is so con ducted as to cad out tits special litness tor thu place ue si eks, if ho um it. We may assert, wtili the most complete confidence, that competitive examinations aro not only theoretically the best method of determining the. qualifications of applleuiitH for routine oHleep, but arc proven by the experience of our own departments, as well as by that of oilier civiu.cu iihmoum, to ai.so me best practical meaDs ol seeming a good civil service, and the only refuge from evils that become intolerable the more closely they are viewed. But how Is it as to t.;e freedom of competition? Should the examinations be open to ail? Undoubt edly they should, uy our nj potiiesis ue have d:s cardeo the corrupt system bt-sed upon patronage aud influence; and the only way Is to make thorough work of it. We have declared tliat we are seeking by means of corapet'tion the best mea that cau be procured for the places we have to fill. To say that will have to stop at political lines Is to discard our principle, and lug In by the shoulders tne very enemy we nave oeen iryiug 10 expel namely, favoritism and partiality in tne selection. There are political places which must be distinctly and permanently recoguizea as sucn; out they do noi come wnuiu tue iini ui ruuuuu oincea; ana m tbe departments, at the seat of government, they would not necessarily include any one below the rank of Cabli et oiilcer. The practice of selecting from tbe adherents to a party always and neces sarily leads to abuse. ' . J lie Jitlgnsn uovtsruiiiem lias mreauy litr out stripped us in reform, making an accomplished fact of that which we, who boast of our practicality, are still hesitating about, it win ne a prouu oay ror the Amerlcau peoplb aleo when one of its statesmen can truthfullv take up these words and d-clare, "We, too, have withdrawn patronage from the dominion of party and given li to the people.-' Prussia had long since led tho wey, under the guidance of tier Stein and herSetiarnhoifit, aud showed the world what could be done in muklDgan intelligent people by general education, and a model civil and military service by applying to ihem the rigid principle of selection, without favoritism iu the onft or exemp tion in the other. There should be no controversy among the friends of civil service reform us to tue statutory means by which the result Is to be reached. Any tiling whl-iii distinctly and unmistakably euouuoea the true prin ciples of open competition and permanent tenure will serve as a rulijing-point, and cau be perfected as experience may demonstrate the practicable Im provements. Mr. Jenckes in the House and Mr. Kchurz m the Senate have ably contrived aud advo cated the principle contended for in these column, and the bills prepared by either would, if passed, be tmclent to destroy the abuse we are (lighting. The Executive would be charged with can'.ving into etlect the measure that iuilit be enacted, and the heads of departments, under the observation of the friends of the measure, aud stimulated by a public sent inn nt manifestly growing rapidly stronger ic support or the reform, would undoubtedly seek with earnestness for tiie easiest aud most satisfactory mode of earning tho pnucipla into practice. It hesitation or obstruction should became apparent, Die correction by legislation in detail could then bo easily supplied. With great hesitation, another and fir al advantage or of such a change is submitted, which we may not be permitted wholly to overlook. As the Cabinet would be befoie tue couutry, where their a",ts, opinions, and views could not be concealed, CaMncl changes, like ministerial crises in other constitu tional governments, would carry with them their own explanation, ar.d be freed from the degrading gossip concerning personal motives and cnaracter, and the compromising and contradictory stories of newspaper "istei views," which aro now the oaue and the shame of American politics. A FATAL JIT3II. Cutlo Fleees on Ibe niorrla aud Laaex It a II rnuii. On Sunday afternoon, bit ween 4 and 5 o'clock, a shocking occurrence touk place at the Kose ville junction of the Morris aud Essex and Bloomfield Railroads. Mr. William Ashley, a master carpenter, residing in Bloomfield, was journeying to his home to speud ids ' New Year's" with his family, and in sodolsg took the wrong train the tweuty minutes past 4 South Orange, instead of the BloomQeld accom modation. At Koseville Junction he discovered his mistake, and rufbiug out on the platform jumped oft. He rolled under the wheels and was LITERALLY CI T TO 1'lECES. The body was frightfully cut up and the skull crushed in. The county physician was at once notified, and, on a careful examination of the facts, arrived at the conclusion that deceased was ouly to blame himself. The body was given in charge of his relatives. Poor Ashley had only recently returned from the South, where he had purchased a farm aud intended to reu ove to it fn the spring. TI1I11D EDITION AFFAIRS AT THE CAPITAL. Wr.SclienckandthsFngijsh'Mission The San Domingo Resolution. President's Forthcoming Message The Internal Revenue Office. Cominissior.er Pleasanton Installed FROM WASHING TO JV. . The KoBllah Itllealoa. Special Despatch to The Evening Telegraph. Washington. Jan. 3. General Schenck ar rived here last niuht and was at the State De- fartment to-day in consultation with Secretary ieh abont his instructions as Minister to Lon don. General Schenck will not sail until the 2ftth, as his instructions will not be ready before that lime, nor can he arrange his privato affairs. He docs not propose returning to Ohio or taking his seat again in the House. As soon as he noticed the account of an interview alleged to have taken place between himself and a news paper reporter, he telegraphed to the 8tate De partment from New York denying its authenti city. He has refused a large number of invita tions to public dinners for the reason that he does not wish to say anything concerning his musion. or to commit himself to any particular policy. The San Domingo Resolution. A number of friends of Mr. Morton's Ban Domingo resolutions were in conference, with the President yesterday and to-day as to the best means of getting it through the House to morrow. It has been intimated that unless op portunity is allowed for a discussion, that the opponents of the measure will filibuster to delay action. The San Domingo resolution is at the bottom of the calendar, and if its opponents choose they can call tho yeas and nays on every bill which it is proposed to lay a.'ide in order to reach it, and this will consumo days. The fact that the Foreign Affairs Committee have to give five days' notice before reporting on the snbject will probably throw it over till next week. ftllolater Wnithbiirne, in a 'despatch to the State Department recently received, gives it as his opinion that the sur render of Paris will not terminate the war. The French have at no stage of tho struggle shown greater determination, and Washbtirne thinks that they will not Eubmit as long as they have any men or money left. The Coming Mperlnl .lleaonKC. The special message that the President pro popes to send to Congress, relative to the con dition of affairs la the Southern States will con taiu a recommendation that ho be allowed dis cretionary power in raising land and naval forces to suppress outbreaks in Stales where the reconstruction acts have ceased to operate. This is done, it is alleged, upon tho recom mendation of leading Republicans in tho South, fflr. I.reeley nod the Domlnelan CommUnlon. It is stated that the President has tendered Horace Greeley a position on the San Domingo Commiesion, with tbe view of securing tho in fluence of the Tr Urine in advooating annex i tioD. Greeley had a lorjg interview with Grant this morning. The New Internal Revenue t'onimlhtil9iier. DetpaUh to the Associated Press. Washington, Jan. 3. Commissioner Pleasan ton took the oath of oflice before Chief Justice i artter this morning, and has entered upon his duties. The heads of divisions of the Internal Revenue oflice and the several chiefs of bureaus of the Treasury called and paid their respects to the new Commissioner. Several members of Congrefs, including Senators Cameron, Wilson, and Tipton also called upon him. Recovery of Stolen Revenne. A telegram received to-day at the Internal Revenue Cilice announces that $17,000 of the amount stolen by ex-Collector Fuller, of Texas, who is now in custody for defalcation, hai been recovered. FROM THE STATE. Tbe Senate Orannlzatloo Attempted Aasasal- Buxloo ol' aHenator. Special DfSvatck to The livening Telegraph' IIariusbcrg, Jan. 3. Prior to this morning trouble was anticipated in the organization of the Senate. Senator Miller, of Cumberland, being sick at hoire, a delegation waited on him a ad brought him here this morning. Philadel phia is well represented by roughs, who have caused an excitement among the citizens. Last night Senator Petrlken, while In his room at the Bolton House, was astonished by rapid reports of a pistol, balls of which came through his door Into the room. Prior to this he had been grossly insulted by Fourth ward roughs. It is believed to have re sulted from the fact of his vote having defeated Ahem, the candidate for Sergeant-at-Arms. Senator Conncll this afternoon will introduce a bill calling a Constitutional Convention. rEXySTLVAXlA LEGISLATURE. Hense ol Reprtaeolatlvea. Special Despatch to The Evening Telegraph. .... Habrisbiko. Jan. 3. The House was called to order at noon by Ueneral Selfridjre, Chief Clerk'. The lion Frauds Jordan, Siretiry of Iti9 8tite, presented the returns of tlie election of msm'jurs, showing a Kepubtican majority of ten votes. The members were then either sworn or a (11 r mod. Hon. James II. Webb, of hraiord county, was then elected Speaker. The .Democrats Wed for James Ellis, or Schuylkill county. Ueneial Selfrldge was re-elected Chief Clerk, and Edward (1. Lee ami John Smutl, assistants. The Senate meets at s o'clock. Speaker Webb deiivereo mc fallowing address: (JeMlemen of the House of lt'-nresuutatlves: 1 return you my sincere iiiunks !r this evidence of your confidence la selecting mo t presids over 3 our deliberations for the be.sMou of the present winter, and assure you it shall be my pleasure, as it will be my duty, to try and perform the duties fairly, impartially, and iu accordance with my oest judgment and ability; aud, as you must bo anare, my success will, to a very great extent, depend upon the support which I shall receive at your hands, i believe I quite fully uomoreuend tlie responsibilities and the duties which will necessarily devolve upon me In a proper uiscbarpe of its duties, aud I uost earnestly solicit your support aud aid in the transaction of the bubinef s of the House, as also tliat you shall be charitable when I err. The busincs of the session wh'cta we are about to commence must neces sarily be extensive and important. It u not pos4l ble that a great state like IVnmvlviuia, with all her varied Interests, can ofherv(i than require at the hands of her representative much legislation. When we attempt to contemplate me great manu facturing, mining, agricultural, and other produc ing interests of our great commonwealth, wears comptlied to acknowledge that duty to our con stituents In providlDgfor their neceaHlaca,and in pro tecting them against unwlseaud improper leglalatioM, requires ua to be laitMul in a proper discharge of our duties both in ascertaining what is required to pro perly encourage aud advance her great and import, ant intercuts, as also to prevent that which ahull work injustice and wrong. Hoping that our session will be both pleanant to ourselves and beneficial to our constituents, I again thank you fur the honor wLkL 1 have received at your hands. LEO AX. XNT7JLLXOX2CTCS. Jaaunry Term. Supreme Court in lianeChirf Justice 7'AnKpnt and Juigee Read, Agneio, Sharuood,and William. Tbe January sitting of the Supreme Court in this city was begun this morning. The attend ance of lawyers was very large, crowding the bar, the aisles, and encroaching even upon the firecincts of the bench. A great number of udgments were entered in country cases that were heard by the Court at Harrisburg and Pittsburg, which the crowded state of our columns to-day prevents us from Riving in detail. The list, which is a very heavy one,nwas then called by the Chief Justice in order to ascertain what cases were ready for argument. Ilnalneaa Heaunted. Court of Quarter Sessions A Uison, P. J. This Court to-day resumed work. Judge Alli son appointed John L. Busby. Esq., foreman of the Grand Jury, and instructed that body gene rally as to their duties. He then organized the petit jury and adjourned the Court until to morrow, when the trial of prison cases will be commenced. A Blc C'aae-Hecond Notional Book of Erie va. Mnilib, Randolph A.' Co. Supreme Court at A "riwo Judge, Sharswood. This is an action brought by the bank to re cover $50,000 from the defendants. The facts of the case as developed by the testimony are as follows, and are of considerable interest to the public, because of its involving the mysterious robbery of the Ocean Bank of New York in 180!: On the 10th of June, 1809, tho cashier of the Ocean Bank called on Smith, Randolph & Co. and offered to loan them $50,000 on Gov ernment collaterals. The loan was accepted, and $50,000 of U. S. bonds were deposited as collaterals with the Ocean Bank they being worth, with the premium on, $00,000. Those bonds were stolen from the Ocean Bank. The defendants at once tendered the $50,000 and demanded their bonds which, of course, were not forthcoming. It then appealed that the Ocean Bank was agent for the Erie Bank, a fact not before known to Smith, Randolph & Co. The Erie Bank now sues the defendants for the money, on the alleged principle of.' law that tho loss of a collateral without negligence docs not discharge the debt. The case Is still on trial. The printed depositions alone amount to over 700 printed pages. General Curtis, of Erie; W. S. Lane and George W. Biddle, Esqs., for the bank. Lewis Wain Smith and Constant Guillou, Esqs., for the defendants. first Colored Juror. The first colored man who has been drawn for jury services is in attendance upon the Quarter Sessions, before Judge Allison, this month. I-lNAIt;ii AN1 COUMEItfJU Evenino Telegraph Oiticr.) Tuesday, Jan. 8, 17 1. This is the first business day of the new year, and it opens dull aud heavy enough. Most branches of business are exceptionally quiet, making money-hunting a matter of little im portance at present. The various corporations are paying out gold and currency very freely, and the indications are that towards the close of the prctCDt week the regular loan market will recover its wonted features of abundance and cafe. Call loans aro moderately active, and rates range from 53 r7 fij-j per cent. Gold continues remarkably quiet and steady, all tho sales this morning being reported at IIOJ4, without a single fluctuation. Government bonds are in demand at a fur ther advance. Stocks were quite active, and general prices advanced. Sales of City Os at 100 for the new certificates. Rending Railroad was in active request, and numerous sales were made at 49!, s. o., up to 4'.), regular. Bales of Pennsylvania at ti'i,Y; Camden and Aruboy at 117J; and Lehigh Val ley at 00; S7'X was bid for Catawissa preferred, und for Philadelphia and Erie. The balance of the list was inactive, but very firm. PHILADELPHIA STOCK EXCHANGE SALES. Reported by De Haven 4 Bro., No. 40 S.Thlrd street. FIHST JUOAKD. tlOOO 'Wllm&RRTs 91 20shRcad..d bill 60 lioo City 68, N..C.10O (300 do 100. foe do clooPf fV100ScN6s 'R2.1S. 73 fsooo do. ..sswn. 73 81 sh Cam ft Am K.117X v7 sh henna K..ls. 62 v 1(5 sh Let VaK.ls. 60 w 100 200 do 830. do IS. 49'. 190 do..s30wn. 49 100 do 49 100 do..s30wn. 49J 100 do 49'til 100 do C.49'81 200 do.ls.s5.tin. 49'81 100 do. b3. 4j;- 100 do 3d. 49'f 600 do IS. 49?,' 800 . dols.sC0wn 49,j; 600 do ad. 49 100 do 49J, 200 ' do.lS.B30WQ.49'66 loo sh Leh Nav.blS. 83X 300 300 200 4 dols.s60wn. 33' do 83 do.... 1)60. 83 do MX dO.fc60wn.l4. 883: 200 10 sn corn ex . 7 5 an Read. .d bill. 60 MSS8B8. WILLIAM PiDTTKB ft CO.. N6.88 8. Third street, report the following quotations: U. 8. s of 1881, 110 0110A,' ; -20S Of 1662, 109109). ; do. 1864, 108e108i: dO. 1865, U'8V108?,'; AO., July, 1866, 107'c410TH! do., .Tuly, 1887, 108,4108 t do. July, 1868, 10Sl,108)tf ; M, Ui-40, 106?4'1(H7 ! TJ. S. FACIA . K1L Cy. 68, 110.Vt110,'. Gold. 110J4(4111. JUKSSKS. 1 iUVKN St Urothkr, No. 40 8. Third Btreet, Philadelphia, report the following quotations:' U. S. 68 of 1881. 11G .StailO ; do. 1862, 108(4109 '.' ;: do. 1844, 108X(sl08X ; do. 1SC0, 10S J.v4108;,' ; do. I860, new, 10T,(4107H : do. 1867, do. 107?,'108;.';do, 186S, do. io8xioe : 10-408, looaioe. u. a so year s percent Onrrenoy, HOM&ui ; Hold, 110 ,(4 110; ; Silver, 105(4107: Union Pacific Railroad IstMort, Bonds, 780(3800; Central Pacific Railroad, &90O903; Union Pacific Laud Grant Bonds, 6153640. Philadelphia Trade Itepors. Ti'esdav, Jan. 8. Bark la the absence or sales we quote No. 1 Quercitron at S4&30 ton, as in quality. Seeds Cloverseed comes forward slowly, and com mands lltsllXc pound. Timothy and Flaxseed are scarce and wanted. We quote the former at 15-60, and the latter at f22-10. There is less activity la the Flour market, bat we continue former quotations. There is very little demand for shipment, aud the operations of the home consumers are confined to their immediate wants. Sales of 1060 barrels superfine and 1000 bar rels Pennsylvania extra on private terms; some Northwestern extra family at fOtSS'AO; 3000 barrels Pennsylvania do. do. at Isaacs; Indiana aud Ohio do. do. In lots at 6-25cf T-U5, and fancy lots at high Ctfures. Rye Flour sells at ivii&o &i. la Corn Meal nothing doing. The tone of the Wheat market Is firm, but the. volume of business is light. Sales of Sooo bushels at 11-43(41-45 for Iudiana red and tl-A0 for Ohio amber. Rye is ncminal at s'.Ou. for Westteru and Penn sylvania ; 80c. for Southern. Corn Is quiet but Grin : sales of 400 bftshels Pennylvania yellow at 7So. and some Western mixed at i;c. Oats are sternly, with sales of Pennsylvania at f-lffSGc. and Western at 6,o,t6c In ltarley and Malt no saiei were reported. Whisky is unchanged. Soles of tut barrels West ern Iron aud wood bound at 940. LATEST SH1ITIXO INTELLIGENCE. For additional Marine Hea$ tee iiuide Pay en. By Telegraph.) Foktrkss Monrok, Vs., Jan. 8 Arrived, hark Chlneserean, from liuli)ue for orders. Passed up for Richmond, brig John SDea, from New York. TORT OF PHILADELPHIA., ...JANl'ARV 3 BTATl OF TniBMOMIrtK AT 1HI ITIKINO TBI KG It A PH 1. OFKICJt. 8 A. M 80 I 11A.M. 31 I 8 P. M. 41 ARRIVED THIS MORNING. Steamship Hercules, Doughty, 3o hours from Pro vidence, with indue, to J. S. ililles. Steamship Norfolk. Piatt, from Kicbmond via Nor. folk, with uidse. to W. 1'. Clyde Co. Hteamer MWville, Renear, 24 hours from New York, with salt to W. Humm A Co. Selir Sarah Bruen, Fisher, fin Wiluilnuion N C Willi luuiuer to Morcius k Sheets. ' ''