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TUB DAILY EVENING TELEGRAPH rilULADELPinW, WEDNESDAY. JiAXlTAUY 4, 1871.
2 spirit or mn run no. Editorial Opinions of the Leading Journals upon Current Topics Compiled Every Day for the Evening Telegraph. AN INTERNATIONAL. COU11P OF AUM TUATION. From the N. Y. Times. A good cause is often only injured by so phistical arguments. A c'aange in interna tional law which shall give the worl.l the benefit of a permanent ' Court of Arbitra tion" between nations, ia exceedingly desira ble. In supporting this reform, however, a speaker in this city recently urged that a similar court had been established in America between communities which are quite as populous and powerful as many States and Kingdoms in fcurope referring to the forma tion of the United States Supreme Court to adjudicate differences and disputes between 1 the States of this Union. He compared the territoiy of Texas with that of Trance, the population of New Wrk with that of Swedon, and the wealth of our separate States with the resources of individual kingdoms ' or States in Kuropojand he argued that if States so powerf ul as ours, wiib different occupa tions, and often different races of men, are willing to submit all their differences and quarrels to a court of arbitration and im plicitly abide by its decision", then snrely the secoiid rale powers of Europe might be ex pected to abide by the decisions of a court they should themselves form. And if they were willing to construct a court of arbitra tion and submit to its sentence or adjudica tion, then certainly other and greater powers might do the same. This argument, presented with much gravity, and with an imposing array of com parison in figures of population and woalth, seems to ua very like special pleading. Our States are not sovereign, like the European: they have not a past history, each of hostility to others, and of independent existence. There is no difference of creed between them, or jealousy from old struggles, or radi cal diversity of interests. Above all, they have come from one homogeneous people one in language, history, and character. The Government itself sprang from the pooplo, not the States. And our court of arbitration wa bu . a pari of our Government, formed Ly the people to adjudicate on a mora important class of cases --not an arrangement between sovereign States, whereby thoy sacrificed their independence for the siko of a reason able arbitration in thoir disputes. Any other theory of the Supreme Court or the Federal Government w ould justify secession, A nearer analogy to our court would bo the formation of a Supreme German Court in the new Empire or Confederacy of Ger many. The very obstacle in Europe to such a court is precisely what we escape here. Our people are one, and we have uniform laws and the same government. No jea lousy now prevents a perfect submission to the decisions of our court. Uut to suppose that Sweden and Switzerland and Denmark can come together and agree to a binding code of laws, as easily as New York, l'enn sylvania, and Illinois, is to ignore the real difficulties in the way of a most necessary retorm. The obstacle which first strikes the mind against the formation of an International Court in Europe is the difficulty of seourins obedience to its decisions w'aea form 3d. It is saiu: enad an international Uourt in regard to Luxemburg; in regard to the neutralization oi tne UlaeK tea and tne in tegrity of the Danish Duchies; and of what use were its agreements? Each member of the High Court does now as it likes. " We admit the weight of the objection. But all progress in the relation of nations is a result not so much of force as of public opinion. There is nothing to prevent the Germans treating their French prisoners any differ ently lroru the way in which the Komans used to treat the Carthagonian prisoners murdering or making them slaves except the general opinion of Europe. There is probably nothing now to prevent Germany swallow iDg up Denmark or Belgium but the silent decisions of that High Court which even Bismarck dreads the general opinion of the civilized world. This opinion the voioe of common sense and univoraal justice has become partly embodied now in laws which have no Sheriffs to execute and no universal Judges to proclaim. International law has no force behind it except the opinion of mankind. It couiminds no posse, controls no constable, calls upon bo soldiery. It sits silent among the nations, dispensing its verdicts of justice and reason, restraining revenge and passion, softening the honors of war, controlling popular p; ssioD, guarding the prisoner and captive, protecting the weak, shielding the wounded, and defending the rights of the peaceful a.ad the coutral; and for all this, it hna no power except the sentiment of the civillod world. If its verdicts or decisions are despised or disobeyed, the only redress is that the complainant or the injured should take the law in their own hands, and indict their own pnnishment. Now it is conceivable thnt a solemn con gress of all European nations, meeting and forming a formal court of arbitration, with definite rights and a precise mode of proce dure before it, agreeing that no quarrel should come to blows till it had beon sub mitted to this court, and its decision had been rendered; it ia conceivable, we say, and not improbable, that such a court might, even without force, come to have in Europe somewhat the weight which international law has now. It would embody the opinion of the civilized world. In a doubtful case, an ambitious potentate or an ambitious peo ple might not venture to rash to aran di rectly against a verdict given by so wise, imposing, and impartial n tribunal. At all events, the waitiDg for a decision would givd time foi calm consideration, and tor that sober second thought towhi .h even ambi tious rnlers are not always indifferent, also among the possibilities of the that the united powers of Europe It is future might agree, alter tne terrioia iru.is oi iue present wars, to guarantee such a Supreme C urt tho force Jnecessary to execute its decisions and thus check sudden aud unprovoked wars. A reform such as this is, as ttio abolition of slavery looked fifteen years siuce, apparently far iu lli J di itanoe. Still au i loa fouudud oa justice uud humanity needs only time it ulti-uate victory is certain. THE NEW PUCEUJ:. t omlhtt. Y. Tribune. Disappointed in De lMadines, France seems to Lave found a new loader iu a holy maid of Tours. It is indeed rather incon sistent to tLink of Garjbal lians marching to victory under the banners of a miracle-work-in? enthusiast, and the saiua neonla who oa'lou Puladines a tra'tjr beid-njuaat- tended a military mass taking their irirlike inspiration from the visions of a devotee; but many strange things have been witnessed in France during the last five months, and stranger still may come to pass before the invaders are home agniu across the Khine. There was an humble imitator of the historic Joan some weeks ago at Orleans; but f.he turned out to be rather a common place younfc person, who neither rode horseback, nor carried a flashing blade, nor made prophecies; she oniy rallied the people by a certaiu feminine eloquence, and then turned them over to the recruiting sergeant to practise the jjoose-Htep and the manual of arms in the ordinary prosaio fashion. The Maid of Oilcans soon faded from tbe public view; tho Maid of Tours seems to be a different and more romantic .sort of creatine. Born in the pious paiish of Ars, where th whole population thanks to the reputed miraculous powers of the Cure M. Vianney have lived for years in an at mosphere of superuntnrilism, b-lioving that Heaven daily interposed to heal tho siek, to Rr.iiolifn liift k .formed, to feed the starv inghearing strango voioes in tho air, and seeing stiange and beautiful visions, aDd encompassed all the while by crow-da of nilcrims wao came in thousands to this place to be cured of their J ills, or to ask spiritual couc .nl of the humble ascetic who pass-ad all his days here in the service of the poor, it is only natural that from childhood she should have witnessed miaculous sights and beon the heroine of wonderful legends. She was in service at Tours when tin Virgin appeared and ordered her to proceed to Paris and deliver a certain message to General Trochu. Tho girl con sulted her mistress; the mistress consulted the cure; the cure consulted tho bishop; the bishop gave the young woman his blessing, and bade her do as tho vision had com manded. Thus far there is nothing extraordinary in the story. We dare say scores of excitable young French girls have believed themselves the depositaries of some divine commission, and have dreamed wild dreams, and in mo ments of spiritual exaltation seen unreal sights and fancied that Heaven meant t hem to animate fetid direct the defenders of their country. But this case derives its interest from the fact that so many comparatively prudent and sober people share the delu sions of tho obscure serving-maid, a?. 1 bo lieve that God has really choaeu this l leans of testifying His displeasure with Bismarck and conveying to tho prostrate French the promise of His assistance. The Union of Tours puts implicit faith in the young woman, visions and all, and gives ui some curious particulars about the nature of her message. Precisely what sho should say to General Trochu wan not to bo revealed until bhe.arrived boforo the gates of Paris. There "a matron of respectable apper.vanco" would meet her and explain the cr and in full. The narrative goes on to assure us that the girl .accomplished her journey and saw Trochu. We are told little about her myste rious communication, except that she an nounced the recapture of Orleans (which sha could not then have known by any Luniau means), predicted a successful sortie to bo followed by depressing news, and declared that the Kaiser would never re-enter Berlin. This account would have been more satis factory if it had explained how the holy maul got through the Prussian lines (whero miraculous vit-ions would not have been of much use to her), and why the saints of the Boman calendar should take such excellent care of a nation wbich has ju9t broken off a concordat and is understood to be not very devoutly inclined towards the Roman Church. But with all these defects, it finds plenty of believers, and doubtless Tours and Paris are wondertully encouraged in oouse qnenco. e may ridicule it as ot course we shall but the curiously exalted state of the publio mind in France which welcomes such delusions is certainly worth considering. It indicates a temper strangely like the noble but unreasonable enthusiasm which gave birth to the crusades a temper in which a people is capable of any sacrifice or any generous impulse, and entirely blind to common considerations of prudence and sound policy. People iu this temper never know when they are beaten, and in dealing with tuom the ordinary pnn. ciples of military science are entirely at fault, It is impossible not to admire their elevation ot spirit, even while we grieve at their folly; but we should not forget that enthusiasm will not keep off defeat forever, and the disaster, when it can no longer bo concealed, is all the more crushing in consequence of the resolution with which the paople have refused to foresee it. SAVINGS BANKS AND LIFE INSURANCE COMPANIES. From the A'. Y. Sun. The proceedings just taken against the Great Western Mutual Life Insurance Com pany can hardly fail to set the large body of life policy-holders among us t some very tenons thinking. If a company which a year tgo reported itself as pertectly solvent and possessed of an unimpaired capital could, as the Great Western Mutual confessedly hs done, lose in the subsequent twelve months not only its whole capital, but an aaiouut equal to twenty-five per cent, of that cipilal in addition, the inquiry may well be made as to the prospective soundness of all compa nies engaged in the same business. Of course there must be some of them worthy of confi dence, and these latter ought not to sutler for the mismanagement of tho rest; but how are their customers to know the difference ' No one but a most export accountant an I tiaan- cier can draw conclusions worm anytuing irum the mas of figures presented by the oiaceis of these institutions; and, admitting that their statements are honestly made up, they are perfectly valueless to niuety-uine out of a hundred people who are interested in them. The whole thing has the air of a huge confidence gamp, in which the policy holders pay their money ou trust; and as no claim aiists ou their policies till alter thoir dcatl, they can never know wholher they are s wit died or not. It really look6 as though the old -fashtone 1 system of putting money iu a Haviugs bauk was, after all, a wiser method of investing one's surplus earnings thau tho newer aud apparently more profitable fashion of in suring one's life. Where a man is eugigeJ iu some dangerous business, or is in dilijata health, the life insurane provides f r his family in case of Lis premature death; but in ninety-nine cases out of a hundred he will leave them quite as much mouey by invest ing, year by year, in a savings bank, th amount he would pay as pre-uiuun, be dbjs the advantage of always keeping it under his own control. As the Mississippi boat-nan rt marked, he is not playiuK a game iu wUL-u he munt die to wiu. He can keep wa jU of Lis investment from day to day, and pro'eet himbelf by withdrawing it if he sees anything tLat awakens his apprehension. But if he insures hi-, life, ho is piaetioally without any uuit-iiy ccept that ot losing all or Udarly all he has alrea 1 sunk by refusing to- sink any more. This ia a good time of the year to consider this subject. The season of the year hau just begun during which deposits in savings banks may be made so as to draw interest for the ensuing six months. An industrious, econo mical man, who is in the receipt of an income ever so little beyond his actual necessities, cannot do a better thing than to seloct some reputable incorporated savings institution, managed by ofiicera whom he knows favor ably, either personally or by roputation, and opening au account with it. Many a dollar which he would otherwise waste will find its way to thi3 place of deposit, and ho will be surprised and delighted, after a very short time, to find how much the aggregate of these dollars will amount to. And if, by and by, he finds a more profitable way of invest ing bis accumulations, he can take up the whole of them not only undiminished, but with interest added. Only try it, and sea how it is for yourself. PABIS NOT YET BOMH.VBDED TACTICS. -TBO- CUT'S From the Y. 1'. Herald. Our f pecial despatches from Versailles ena ble tbe reader to form a clear idea of the military situation before the French capital. Our correspondent, writing on the 2!th nit., reports that the expected bombardment had Lot begun at that date. As a consequence of this clilatoiiness the German troops wero be coming dissatisfied. It appears, however, hat tho failure to bombard was due to causes width will probably protect Paris from a storm of shot aud shell for some time yet. The Geimans have not a sufficient number of large guns at hand, and they have been com pelled to concentrate such as they have at one particular point, utn tne ooject ot cap- tv.ru g or silencing one or more of the forts But before they can accomplish this they must overcome obstacles which, at the pre sent moment, appear insurmountable. Alto gether, our correspondent is of opinion that the French forts will give the German bat teries full employment to keep them from doing much injury to the investing line. It is true that the effectiveness and calibre of the French guns have probably been over rated; but granting this, the fact remains that while the Germans may finally succeed in reducing one or more of the forts, it will only be after a severe struggle. This exposition puts a somewhat different feature to tho situation before Paris than the previous reports had given it. In addition, it appears as if all tho German armies in the open field have been thrown on the defensive. Prince Frederick Charles must now passively oppose Chanzy's army, contenting himself with preventing the French from approach ing too n?ar the besieged capital. All opera tions in the provinces are thus suspended until Paris falls. General Von Moltke has .evidently decided that the most important thing for the Germans to do is to oonipel Trochu to surrender. Paris is regarded as the heart of France. Strike Paris and the whole country will yield. Such is the conclusion we draw from a perusal of our correspondent's despatch. But may not Von Moltke be somewhat dis appointed in the result of his present opera tions before Paris? Is it not possible that he will get the city without the garrison? A despatch from Bordeaux published ou Mon day contains a denial that Trochu is prepar ing an intrenched camp around Fort Mont Valerien, his purpose being to evacuate Paris and occupy this camp. Yesterday it was re ported from London that since the abandon ment of Fort Avion by the French all the forts havebeen silent. This silence may be verysig rificant. It may mean that Trochu is q-iietly rtmovinghisattillery, ammunition, and provi sions to Mont Yiderien, preparatory to aban doning Paris. Such a movement would be good generalship. If, as is stated, Paris now contains provisions for the entire population and ganisou for two months, tho supply will enable the garrisou alone to hold out for eight months longer. And besides, with the French in possession of Mont Valerien, V&vu will be actually at their mercy. In a few days, however, we shall doubtless learn what the tactics of Trochu are whether he pro poses to remain in tho city and fight to the last or to abandon the place and retire to the great fortress, the shadows of whose gun3 fall almost across the bastions surrounding Paris. THE LOGIC OF MU11DEB. From the K. Y. World. The "dishonored"' husband who occasion ally takes such explosive methods of adver tising the general public of a dishonor rather his wife's than his own has just been outdone in California by the injured brother. It stems that young Mr. Gunn, of San Fran cisco, some days ago received a letter which, with the modesty of true beneficence, the writer omitted to sign, kindly mentioning, as a fact that must be gratifying to a brother's feelings, tLat one Mr. Murphy had seduced the sister of Mr. Gunn fifteen years before. Mr. Gunn, to whom this was the first an nouncement of a circumstance of some natu ral interest to the Gunn family, sought his sisttr and ascertained from her that his cor respondent's information was correct. With that thoughtful tenderness for his sister's wel fare which is so beautiful in brothers, Mr. Gunn then perforated Mr. Murphy, and re lated the whole story to the authorities, and through them to the general public, whose opinion, in San Francisco, we ure told "fully justifies"' him. Of course, if a man considers that his sister's shame is a legitimate subjectof publio curiosity, aud having, after fifteen years of what appears to have been correct conduct on her part, heard from some soouudrel of her early en or, scorns to confine the know ledge to his own breast and couipjls the attention of Lis fellows to it, nobody can say him nay. But when ho kills another upon the pretext thus furnished him it is evident that the wrong is not in any way mitigated, but in every way intensified. Tho sister who might have led the rest of her life blamelessly, is held up by what purports to be brotherly love to publio scorn. The man who had done her the injury which her "uvenger"' alone made an irreparable injury, is dead. Gunn himself, whether or not he is acquitted, Las rendered himself a social outlaw. And the only person w ho has gaino i anything by the transaction is the wretch who wrote tue leiievwnicn nrougut on tne tragedy, lie has fed fat the grudge which he certainly bore to Murphy, and whijh it is very probable be bore to Gunu's sister, and Gunn Las become Lis cat's-paw, and tuken the vengeance the other was too cowardly to take for hitm-elf. As for Gunu's motive, it is clear from the whole btory that his sister's good name aud Lis own everything that wes at stake for Lim, and might have been saved has been lost by this slaughter. He acted, neither from rehVctiou, nor from love, nortrom au intel ligible pride, but simply from the reckless fury which makes all murderers what they are, mil v huh it is the care of coverumeut an I S' titty t- bri.'lt. It is only by laaruiaj tj bridle it that a man deserves to becalleil&i civilized being, and for letting it lose ha deserves to be called Ravage. On Sunday night, a day alter this murder in San Francisco, there was a mnrder in some ways similar in Brooklyn. Mjl n killed Haggerty in what at first appeared a drunken quarrel, but what turned out to be tha fulfilment of a feud. The men had been enemies for years. The origin of fchiir enmity was "a love affair." The unsuccesful man hated his successful lival, and nursed his hatred until it Las now brokea out in murder. Yet the same man who will see that Moylan is a savage, and demand hit exe cution, will say that Gunn is a hero and de mand his acquittal, because Guun presents himself as the champion of a woman a honor, and although his swiftness to thol blood alone has ruined her honorable name forever. There is no safe rule but this, that the ven detta is a barbarity of which the frequent practice discredits and the universal sanction destroys the claim of a nationito civilization, and that private vengeance a always a proper object of public retribution. A CENTENNIAL CELEBUATION. I'rinn the Uarrinburg State. Journal. We see a report of very indecorous beha vior at New York on the occasion of a meet ing of the "Americpn Institute" designed to lake from Philadelphia the precei'.ence claimed by the last-named city in organizing a cen tennial celebration for 1870. It was some time since proposed to organize a general celebration of the industry of tho country at Philadelphia, and various municipal stops Lave been taken to that end. Mr. Morrell has also introduced a bill into the House of Beprcsentatives authorizing such celebration, though, we believe, not proposing to make any expenditure on the part of Congress. Up to a few days since, wo nad not supposed there would be a suggestion to hold a celebra tion at any other point than Philadelphia, but suddenly a nieetiDg of the American In stitute at New York is held to claim that the original proposition belonged to that society, that the Institute exhib'iions for a long se ries of years have entitled it to eminence in that line, and that Congress should pass Mr. Cleveland's bill, and nat Mr. Morrell's bill. But we fear that Mr. Alanson Nash spoiled the opportunity opening so happily for tho American Institute. Iu all our experience of disorderly proceedings, nothing so extreme as the contest Mr. Nash got up in that meeting has been known. Vehement as the contro versy was, we are wholly unable to ascertain what itwa3 about; but a contest th 're was. Mr. Nash refused to bo put down, aud he re tn seel to ne put out. A vote was taken on Lis expulsion, which expulsion was duly ordered '28 to !; but still Mr. Nash held his position inf ide the room as a spectator, how ever tho chairman resisted. The flight clue given in the report of this meeting to the cause of such tierco conteu ticn suggests an entanglement of tho site of the proposed celebratiou with the cattle-yards in the neighborhood of !!lh street, as a job in which the money and moans of the lastt tule would be irretrievably sunk. To prevent such a job, and such irretrievable sinking of money, let the centennial bo held at Pmla delpLia. Mr. Alanson Nash does not live there, nor does any other contentious man of the sort. REAL. ESTATE AT AUCTION. TOTICE. 1 of the cuted liv -BV VIKTTE AND IN EXLVUTluN' powers coutalnuil In a Mortgage exe 1UK CENTRAL TASSENCJKR RAILWAY COM- ol the city of Philadelphia, bearlnz date of clah tecnlh (if April, 1sti:i, anl recorded iu the oillce for recording deeds and niortffages for the elty and county ol Philadelphia, in lUiutZiisre Book A. O. It., No. rA;, papo 405, etc., the undersigned Trustees named in said A'unfunpe WILL SBLI. AT PITSLIC AVCTlOX. al he Mi;iC HANTS' KXC'lIAN'UE, iu the city of riiuaiieimna, ny MESSRS. TJIOJIAS SONS, AUCTION KERS, at 1!2 o'clock M., on Tl'ESUAV, the fourteenth day el February, A. . 1871, the property described iu and cornered bi the said Mortitase. to wit : . No. 1. All those two contiguous lots or pieces of nron nil, wilU the buildings and Improvements thereon erected, situate ou the eaBt side of Broad siicct, iu the city of Philadelphia, one of them be ginning at the distance of nineteen feet seven Inches und live-eiehts southward from the southeast cor ner oi the said Broad and Coates streets; thence extc-ndiiig eastward at right angles with said Broad si rcet eighty-eight feet one inch aad a half to ground now or late of Samuel Miller; thence southward ulonc said ground, and at. right angles vVM said Coates street, seventy-two leet to the northeast corner of an alley, two feet six inches in width, leading southward Into Peon street; ihcueo west ward, crossing said alley ami along the lot of ground heieiusrter descilbed uud at right angles witu said Broad Bt reel, seventy-nine feet to the eust side of the said Broad street ; and thence northward along the east line of satd Broad street seventy-two feet to the place oi ;egiuning. Subject to a ground-rent of f vso, silver money. No. 2. The other of them situate at the northeast corner of the said Broad street aud l'enn street, containing In front ct breadth ou the said Broad street eighteen feet, and In length or depth eastward along the north line of said Penn street seveuty-f our feet und two inches, aud ou the line of said lot paral lel with eald Penn street, KeveLty-six feet Ove luchi-s and three-fourths of an. nchtosaid two feet six inches wide alley. Subject to ground rent of 72, sil ver money. No. a. All that certain', ot or piece of ground be. finning at the southeast collier of Coates street and Jroad fctreet, thi-noe extending southward ulon the said Broad street nineteen feet seven luehes and live-eighths of an Inch: thence eastward eiglu.y feet e.ne inch and one-half of au inch; thence north ward, at r:ght angles with said OodL s street, nine feet to the south side of Coates street, and t'n'uce westward along Hie south side of said Coates direct ulptty leet to the place of beginning. No. 5. The whole road, plank roa" and railway of the t-aid The Central Passenger Railway Company of the city of Philadelphia, and all their land (nui Included in Nos. 1, 2 aud 3), roadway, railway, rails, right of way, stations, toll-houses uud other super structures, depots, depot grounds and other rea! ectote, buildings and improvements whatsoever, and all and singular the corpoiato privileges uui franchisee connected with said company aad plank road uud railway aud relating thereto, an I all the tolls, lnccme Issues and profits to accrue lrom the same or uny part thereof belonging to said company, und (ieuerallv oil the tenements, heredii-amcuis uud franchises of he culd company. And also ull trie ears of every kind (not included In No. 4niachine y, tools, Implements and materials connected with the preper equipment, operating and conducting of said road, plan k road andiailway; and all tne persinai properly of every kiud aud description belonging to the said company. Together w ith all the streets, ways, alleys, pas sagcH, waters, water-courses, easeui-uts, fiaa chisca, rights, lllieiliea. privileges, hereditaments, and appurtenances whatsoever, unto any of the above mentioned premises aud estates belonging and appertaining, and the reversions and remain ders, rents. Issues, and profits thereof, an.; all the eMute, right, title, interest, property, claim, aud de mand of every nature and kind whatsoever or the said ccnipuny, uh well at law as in equity of, in, and to the same and everv part ami pan el thereof. TKRMS OK SALE. The properties will bo s-ild in par-els at mm liercd. On each bid there shall be paid at Hie time the property lsjstruck oil On No. 1, fsno; No. t, J-.'eo; No. 8, J3i;0; No. 5, Sloe, uulcss Hie price U lets than that sum, ticn the wnoie sum bid shah be ptiid. W. I.. KCIIAFFFR, I V. W. LuUSTltliTU, Trustees. M. THOMAS Si SUNS, Auctioneers, 12 B cut Nos. 130 uud 111 S. FOt'RTll Street. EDUCATIONAL.. E DUB HILL SCHOOL KERCH ANTV1LLE, N. J., Four Miles from Philadelphia. Next session begins MONDAY, January 9, 1S71. For circulars appiy to 21 ly Rev. T. W. CATl'V insurance; INSURANCE COMPARE or NORTH AMERICA. January l, isca. Charter Perpetual. Incorporated 1T. CAF1TAL IWO.Onp ASSETS a,M3,twl Losses paid since orgaDlza-Mon. 123,000,000 Receipt or Premium, izta 1,WI,S37'49 Interest from Inrestmenis, 1S6 114,9 I4 fa,10ft,R34tt Losses paid, 19C9 ii,0ii5,33C-S4 STATEMENT OF TIIK ASSETS, FlTBt Mortprafres on Oty Property t7M,450 United States Uover&naent and other Loaa Bonds 1,123,848 Kni'.iond, Banfe and Canal Stocks 65.709 Cash fn Bank andOflke W7.C20 iAaus on c;oiiMTainec-unty S'i,K9 Notes Receivable, mostly Marino Premiums 3ai,9 U Acciueu inicresi iTenilnniH in course of transmission... ... S0.367 95.19S 100.900 Unst ttledwarlne Premiums Real Kstate, Oillce of Company, Fhlladel- pmu 30,000 ti,733,5Sl DIRECTORS, Arthur O. Comn, SbiudcI W. Jones, John A. Brown, Charles I'ay'.or, .Ambrose VSltj, W illiam Welsh, 8. Morris Wain, John Mason, George L. Harrison, Francis R. Cojks, Edward H. Trotter, Edward 8. Clarke, T. c;harlton Henry, Alfred D. Jessup, Louis C. Madeira, Charles W. Custiruan, Clement A. Oriacoro, William Uroekie. ARTHUR O. COFFIN. President. CHARLES PLATT, Vice-President. Matthias Mafih, Secretary. C. U. RKKVks, Assistant Sectetary. 3 4 1829 CHAKTER PERPETUAL. IgJQ Franklin Fire Insurance OF PHILADELPHIA, OSce, Nos. 435 and 437 CHESNUT 8t. Assets Jug. I,,70$3I0091888,24 CAPITAL 1400,0001)0 ACCRUED SURPLUS AND PREMIUMS. S.COa.SSS Hi ISL'OMB YOU 1S70, filO.Ot'O. I.otses paid LOSSFCS PAID IN 19C9. IU4.W3-43. since 1849 over i'Tpetual and Temporary Policies on Libera Tt ens. The Company alio lasnes policies npou the Reni of all kinds of Buildings, Uround Rents, and Moi" S The "FRANKLIN"' baa no DISPUTED CLAIM. DIRECTORS. Alfred G. Baker, Alfred if itler, Thomas Sparks, William 8. Uraut, Thomas 8. Ehts. i!i:uel nrnnt, George W. Richards, Isaac Lea, Hcorue 1'aies. tlusUivns S. Itenson. BAKIiK, President. GEO RUE KALES, Vice-President JMES W. MCALLISTER, Secretary. 3 19 THEODORE M. REGER, Assistant Secretary. LIFE INSURANCE CO. LEMUEL BANGS, President. GKOKUK ELLIOTT. Vice-Prcs'tatul 3ec'y. EMOKY MeCLINTOOK, Actuary. PENNSYLVANIA STATE AGENCY, JAMES M. LONGACKE, Manager. H. U. WOOD, Jll., M. D., Medical Examiner. Office, 302 WL2SUT St-.TMladslphia REV. g. POWERS, Special Agent. JAMES M. LONGACRiT, General Ageut, 6 23 mwsly No. S02 WALNUT Street. Philadelphia IRE ASSOCIATION INCORPORATED MARCH 17, isao. OFFICE, NO. 34 NORTH FIFTH STREET, INSURE BUILDINGS, HOUSEUOLD FURNITURE, A I MERCHANDISE GENERALLY Fi ym Loss by lire (In the City of Philadelphia only) ASMlil'S, .JAM'AHY I, LS70, 1 l,57 i,?;l J- TUL'HTKES. William n. Hamilton, John Onrrow, George 1. Young, Jos. R. Lyndall, Levi P. Coats. Charles P. Bower, Jesse laghtfoot, Robert Shoemaker, Peter Armbruster, M. H. Dlcklnnnn Sr.niuel Sparhawk Peter wfillarason, Joseph E. ScheU. WM. H. HAMILTON, President. SAMUEL SPARUAWK, Vice-President. WILLIAM F. BUTLER, Secretary M1E PENNSYLVANIA FIRB INSURANCE COMPANY. Incorporated 1S25 Charter Perpetual. C10 WALNUT Street, opposite Independence No, Square. This Company, favorably known to the comma' nlty for over forty years, continues to Insure against 1o,b or damage oy tire on IMbllc or Private Build ings, either permanently or for a limited time. Also ou Furniture, stocks of Goods, and Merchandise generally, on liberal terms. Their Capita", together with a large Surplus Fund, Is iuvestcd In the most careful inauuer, which ena bles them to offer to the Insured au undoubted eeca ray in the case of loss. Daniel Smith, Jr., Thomas Smith, Isaac iiazaunuiBL Thomas Robins, John Devereux. nenry Lema, J. Gilllnghain Fell, Daniel Haddock, Comlv. Franklin A DANIEL SMITU. Jr.. President; WM. G. Crow ell, Secretory. 8 30 JjiAUE INSURANCE COMPANY No. 609 CnESNUT Street IKCOKI'OKATED 1S56. C1IAKTKK PIKPETUAL. CAPITAL $200,000. FIRE INSURANCE EXCLUSIVELY. Insurance against Loss or Damage by fire either Perpetual or Temporary Policies. D1KECTOHS. Charles Richardson, Robert Pearce. wimam ii. icaawn, William M. Keyferi, John F. Smith, Nathan Uilies. John KeBsler, Jr., Edward B. Orne, Charles Stokes. John W. Everman, Ueorce A. West, i. . iDi. f Jill.'. (icvni uii&uj. 'II A l.'f f7Q-1?irlTA TlOZ iVT Moraecai uuzoy. V II n 111. l.'J II1V11.1ULIOV.1. ICDIUClll, WILLIAM H. RUAWN, Vice-President. Williams I. Blancsakd Secretory. 7 tat nrilE ENTERPRISE INSURANCE CO. OK 1 PHILADELPHIA. Oillce S. W. cor. FOURTH and WALNUT Streets. FIRE INSURANCE EXCLUSIVELY. PERPETUAL AND TERM POLICIES ISSUED. CASH Capital (paid up lu full) 200.ooo no CASH Assets, Di Bi tnlii r 1, 1S70 000 38S-21 DIRECTORS. F. Ratehiord Starr, J. Liviugston Errlnger, Naibro Frazier, lames L. Claghorn, John M. Atwood, AVm. G. Boultou, Benj. T. Trediek, Charles Wheeler, George 11. Stuart, Thomas U. Montgomer John H. Brown, flames M. Aertsen. F. JtATCHFORD STARR, President. THOMA 11. MONTGOMERY, Viee-Prei.dent. ALEX. W. W1STER, Keeretary. JACOB E. PETERSON, AsslBtan Secretary. pi FERIAL FIRE INSURANCE CO., LOSDOH. KHTAHMNHKO IKMS. raid-op Capital and Aooamulated Funds, KH,000,000 IN GOLD, PREVOST & IIEKRING, Agents, J Ho. 107 0. THIRD Slreel, Philadelphia. 0HA8. M. PaiJVOKT OUA8. P. HffKHlNO V-v- HORSE COVERS, BUFFALO ROBiS yrrJVFaucy Robes, Lap Rugs, Fur (iluves aud collars, l.ame stock of ail grade goods ut lowest prices. MOVKIi'S Haruess, Na t ilery au l Truuk fciorc, No. i.tf.lui.Lt' 6Uvwt, i ii Iju HIPPINU. LORILLARD OOItPANt FOR NIZW YOICK, SAILING TUESDAYS, THURSDAYS, AND SAT URDAYS AT NOON, re now receiving freight at winter rates, com mencing December 29. All goods shipped on and after this date will be charged as agreed upon by the agents of this company. INSURANCE ONE-EIGHTH OF ONE PER CBNT. No bill of lading or receipt signed for less than fifty cents, ana no insurance effected- for less thau one doilar premium. For further particulars and rates apply at Com pany's o nice, Pier 33 East river, New York, or to JOHN F. OHU PIER 1 NORTH WHARVES. N. B. Extra rates on small packages Iron, metals, 1 1 ri-UIK REGULAR STEAMSHIPS ON TnE PHI. 1 LaDELPHIA AND CHARLESTON STEAM. SIIIP LINE are ALONE authorised to Issue througd Dtlls of ladlr g to interior point South and West is) connection with South Carollua Railroad Comparer, ALWRKD L. TYLKR; Vlce-rresident So. C. RIL CO. PHILADELPHIA AND SOUTHERN MAIL STW.AM8UlPeilMPANV-S RH-firr. liAll v oauiiavi'.lULl LflUXU i J l H. W X.HAS. l'&. Tbe YAZOO will Ml! for New OriMns, via Havads. OB friday. Jnnaryfi, at S A. M. ' The JUNIATA wilt tail from New Orleans, ria Ii&raaa. on Mundiiy, ,lnnuiity 2. I llKOUOU BU.1JS OF LADING at ai lowratsa bf soy other route Riven to Mohile, tfnlvitnton, INDIAN. Ol,A, ROOK PORT, I, A VACUA, and BKZ08,and to all poiuti on the MissiMipvi rirei betweeo .w Orloaai and ftt. I.ooia, lied River IreiKht reshipped at Nsw Orleans wit boot charge of eeinmiesiona, WKF.KI.Y LINK TO 8A'ANNAU, OA. Ths WYOMING will Mil tor bnrmnaj oa Satar Ofty. JunuKiy 7, atti A. At. lb TONAW aKUa. will sail from SivaaaaU on Satar Oey. ,) Miliary 7. TbhOUUH BILLS CF LADING Riveo to all tfeeprin. oipal towns in Georgia, Alabama, I'iorul.-i, Mimiedippi, Louisiana, ArVnnas, nnd 'i'ennes.ios in connection with tbe Cent I Railroad of tieortcia, Atlantic and Onlf Rail, road, and Florida it earners, al aa low rates u by oompelina lines, BKMI MONTHIr LINK TO WILMINGTON. N. O Trie 1'IONKKK will eail for Wilmim-.ton on Wmlne. day, Jamtarr lint H A. M. Reluming, will leave Wll- mirtton WedPflydav. January 1H. Oonnocts with tbe Oape Kenr Hirer Steamboat Ooi. any, tbe Wilniini ton and Weldon and North Carolina .'ilreads, and the Wilmington aud Manchester Railroad to all interior points. Freights for Columbia, 8. O., and An.?aata, Oa., taken Via Wilmington, at aalow rates as by any other route. Insurance effected when requested by shippers. Bills of lading signed at Quoen street wharf oa or before da Of Miling, WILLIAM L. JAMES, fleneral Agent. 15 No. lauhouthiTLllRDlitrest. FOIi LIVERPOOL AND OUEBNH. TOWN. Inman Line of Royal Mall Steamers are appointed to sail as follows: City of Brussels, baiuntay, January 7. at a P. M. City of Llmeikk, via Halifax, Tuesday, Jan. 10. at 1 P.M. Citv of Washington, Saturday. Jan. K at 12 noon. City of Paris, Saturday, Jan. 21, at " P. 51. and each succeeding Saturday and aitornata Tuea day, from pier No. 4ft North river. RATES OF PASSAGE. ' Payable In gold. Pajable tn carrenoy. First Cabin J75 steerage S To Loudon SO; To LondJU $$ To Par's 90' To Paris 83 To Halifax 20' To Iialitax is Paseengers also forwarded to Havre, Hamburg, Bremen, etc., at reduced rates. Tickets can be boiiifht here at moderate rates by persons wishing to send for tnelr frleuis. For further Information apply at the company'! oniee. JOHN G. DALE, Agent. No. 15 Broadway, N. T.I vi wui)ip.fir.Lu oi r aui.n., Agents, No. 102 CRESNUl"Street. Philadelphia.- 45 PUTT. A nWT Pnt A fTrTTvrr xrr iTJiiAND NORFOLK STKAMSHTP T.rvir TUKOUOH FREIGHT AIR LINK TO TUK SOUTH INCREASED FACILITIES AKD RKDUOED RATES FOR 1H7U. Steamers leare erery WKUNK8D AY and SATURDAY1, at U o'olec. loon, from FIRST WHARF above MA ft. KKT Ktreot. R K'I'L' UNINO, leare RICHMOND MONDAYS and THURSDAYS, and NORFOLK TUESDAYS and BA TUKDAYH. ...... No Bills of Lading signed after la o'clock on saitins dTHROUUH RATES to all points in North and BonUt Carolina, ia Seaboard Air Una Railroad, Oonueotlna: at Portsmouth, and to Lynchburg, Va., Tennessee, and Ihm Went, via Virginia and Tennessee Air Line and Richmond and Danyillo Railroad. ireiKht HANDLKD BUTONOE. and taken atLOWX3 R ATK8 THAN ANY OTHER LIN 11. No charge for ooiBinieeion, drayaga, or any expsntafojl 'Ktenrn'ships Insure at lowest rates. Freight received daily. BUta Room .eewnmodatfo, ffiffifc t No. 13 8. WHARVES and Pier 1 N. WH AJHCAM, W. P. PORTER, Agent at Richmond and Oil Point. T. P. PRO WELL A pp., Agents at Norfolk. 1 NEW EXPRESS LINE TO AEXAKf ?dria. Georgetown, and Waj.i-iififfi.wi hi). C, via Chesapeake aid De.awajra Cauai, with connections Bt. Alexandria from iUe most direct route for Lynchburg, Bristol, Enoxvllle, Nashville, Daltoo, and the Southwest. Stcamersfleave regularly every Saturday at noon 'rem the first wharf above Market street. Freight received dally. WILLIAM P. CLYDE ft CO.. No. 14 North aud South WHARVES. HYDE & TYLER, Agents at Georgetown; M. ELDRlD'jE & CO., Agents at Alexandria. 61 tfff FOR NEVV YORK,"VIAUKLAWARa ljlJ'-h! and Rarltan Canal. &JeZLs VVIFTS URE TRANSPORTATION COMPANY. DESPATCH AND SWIFTSURK LINES, Leaving dally at 12 M. amLs P. M. The steam propellers of this company will com menee loadingtn the 8th of March. Through in twenty-four hours. Goods forwarded to any point free of commission Freights taken ou accommodating terms. Apply to WILLIAM M. BAIRD & CO., Agents, 4 South DELAWARE Avenue. FOR NEW YOR via Delaware and Rarltan Canal itAtJ&a EXPRESS STKAMBOAT COMPANY. 1 ae tsteam Propellers of the Una will commence loading on the 8th lnst3ut, leaving dally as usual. THROUGH IN TWENTY-FOUR HOURS. Goods forwarded by all the Hues going out of Ne York, North, East, or West, free of commission. Freights received at low rates. WILLIAM P. CLYDE A CO., Agents, No. 12 s, DELA WARE Avenue JAMES HAND, Agent, No. lltt WALL Street, New York. 8 DELAWARE AND CUES APEAK A.W,fSTEAM TO WHO AT COMPANY. uarges lowed between ptmadelr. Baltimore, Havro-de-Graee, Delaware City, and lermeuiaie nouns. WILLIAM P. CLYDE ft CO., Agent. Cuptaln JOHN LAUGUL1N, Superintendent, omre. No. Vi Sonth WVarves Vwijadelphla. 411 CORDAGE, ETC. CORDAGE. JKanllla, Slial and Tarred Cordagi At Lowest New York Prices and ffraia-bts. 1CUWIN 11. F1TI.EU St (JO riclory. TENTH St. and GERMANTO WB Arenas. htore, No. Vi H. WATKK lit. and S3 N DELAWAB Avenue. IS 12m PHILADELPHLaJ WHISKY, WINE, ETQ. AR&TAIR3 Q McCALL. No. 126 Walnut and 21 Granlts ti IMPORTERS Of Brandies, T7ine, Gin, 01iv Oil, EteJ WHOLESALE DEALERS IN PURE RYE WHISKIES, IH BOND ARDTAX PAID. tttpf SAXON GREEN NEVER FADES. 8 l em A LEXANDER O. CATTELL A CO fV PRODUCE COMMISSION M K C'JliANTtiU No. 84 NORTH WUARVJM AND NO. M NORTH WATIJR 8TifiSTf PHILADELPHIA.