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THk DAILY KrENlNG TELEGRAPH PHILADELPHIA, FRIDAY, APRIL 14, 1871.
LITDHATUHIJ. REVIEW OF NEW BOOKS. "Fenton'a Qnest," by M. E. Braddon, is of necessity a highly-spiced novel, in which what might be called the higher criminal classes of Great Britain are made to figure prominently. The illustrations, which are numerous, represent women with large and liquid eyes and men with huge whiskers and severely aristocratic countenances, and the artist has very accurately hit off the characteristics of the people who are introduced to the readers of the book. These big-whiskered gentlemen and big-eyed ladies, it is true, are apt to become tiresome when one meets with them too fre quently; and the peculiar vein of romance Which Miss Braddon opened some years ago has Bince been worked pretty industriously by numerous imitative admirers, so that it is scarcely possible such a novel as "Fenton'a Quest" can at this day make quite the same impression it would have done ten years ago. It is an interesting story, however, and it saay be read with pleasure by the public out Bide of kitchen and stable circles, to the ex clusive delectation of which Miss Braddon hat wrongly been accused of devoting her talents. For sale by Claxton, llemsen & Ilaf felfinger. "The Diary of the Besieged Resident in raris," by II. Labouchere, M. P., is a reprint of a series of letters to the London Daily Jfem written during the siege of Paris, and which attracted much attention when they originally appeared in the columns of that journal. Mr. Labouchere writes in a humor ously cynical vein that renders it impossible to tell at times whether he is jesting or in earnest, and the want of seriousness in treat ing very serious subjects certainly detracts much from the value of the diary, and makes it often far from pleasant reading. The work, however, as a record of the impres sions and experiences of a disinterested and nnpartisan observer of the sights and sounds inside Paris during the great siege, make, it at once interesting for present perusal and an important contribution to the history of the great Franco-Prussian war of 1870-71. For sale by Glaxton, Renisen & H affelfinger. "An Oral Method with German," by Jean Gustave Keetels, published by Leypoldt, Ilolt & Williams, is an attempt to teach German by the natural method, or in the same manner that one learns to speak' and read his own language. The method of Mr. Keetels appears to be an eminently practical one, and it is worthy of the attention of teachers and students. For sale by Claxton, liemsen &, Haffelfinger. "Guilt and Innocence," by Madame So phie Schwartz, translated by Elma Borg and Marie A. Brown, published by Lee & Shep ard, is the third of the series of novels by the great Swedish authoress now being issued. It has a well-constructed and highly dramatio plot, some excellent character sketches, and is a graphio picture of certain phasoa of Swe dish life. It is to be regretted that so admi rable a novelist as Madame Schwartz should be introduced to the American publio through the medium of such bad translations as the one before us and its two predecessors cer tainly are. Mesdames Borg and Brown may understand Swedish exceedingly well, but their knowledge of English is limited; and as specimens of literary work the three novels they have translated are not entitled to very hearty praise. For sale by J. B. Lippincott & Co. Messrs. Lee & Shepard have also pub lished in a neat pamphlet Mr. Sumner's leo ture entitled "The Duel between France and Germany." which our readers will reoollect was one of the prominent features of the 'Star" course of last winter. For sale by J. B. Lippincott & Co. "Vera; or, The Russian Princess and the English Earl," published by D. Appleton & Co., is a love story which is clever and enter taining, but not sufficiently remarkable among many thousands of love stories to call for particular comment. For sale by Porter & Coates. "M, or N," by J. S. Whythe-Melville, published by Leypoldt. Ilolt & Williams, is a not very successful attempt to treat the same subject that Wilkie Collins did in his "No Name." Mr. Melville is not a very vigorous writer, and he totally lacks the f aoulty, pos sessed by Mr. Collins in an eminent degree, of making the extravagantly improbable ap pear at least not impossible. There is one scene in the novel before us where the absolutely awes a robber who has forced his way into her chamber, and forces him down upon his knees to ask forgiveness, mainly by the power of her splendid black eyes. In the bands of some writers ouch a scene could be made intensely exciting in spite of its im probability, but as treated by this author it is simply ludicrous, and is a fair sample of the rest of the story. For sale by J. B. Lippin cott & Co. T. B. Peterson & Brothers have published a new cheap edition of "Twenty Years After, by Alexander Dumas. This is the second of the "Three Guardsmen" series, and it is not onlv a very entertaining story, but it is a highly-colored picture of the times of Maza rin, and with all its extravagance it really possesses a positive historical value. James It. Osgood fe Co. have issued in pamphlet form the first part of Charles Reade's new story, "A Terrible Temptation," now in course of publication in Every Saturday, For sale by T. R. Callendor & Co., Third and Chesnut streets. The April numbers of The Sunday Maga zine and Good Wvrds, published by J. B. Lippincott & Co., are as usual handsomely Illustrated, and are filled with stories, sketchea and poetry fr?m pens of some of the best English writers o.f the day. The Sunday at Home for April contains great number of line illustrations aud a variety of entertaining literary contributions suitable for Bunday reading. For' sale at the American bunday School Union. SOME CURIOSITIES OF LITERARY BL UM)ERINO. Ywm tM Jjondon ftt Wrfay H9i. "It was an excellent question," says Ber rien, "of my Lady Cotton, when Sir Robert Cotton was magnifying of a shoe, which was Moses' or Noah's, and wondering at the strange shape and fashion of it; 'lint, Mr. Cotton,' says she, 'are you sure it is a shoe?' " If the lesson which Selden drew from this excellent question, "The reason of a thing is not to be inquired after till you are sure the thing itself is so," had been always ob served, how many conjectures, various, inge nious, and all distant from the truth, like those of which Gibbon tells in mentioning the passages of Longinus that were lost and found, would have been stifled! For example, Dngdale, in the "Baronage of England," citing Walsing ham, Rays that Sir John do Montaeute, grand son of the first Earl of Salisbury of that nanin, was the greatest fanatic (fool fiituus is WalRingbain's word) among the followers of WicklifiTe; being so trannported with zeal (falling into such an abyss of folly qui in. tanla lapsus est tetania says Walsingham) that he caused all the images which were in the chapel at Schenole, there set up by John Aubrey and Sir Alan Buxhull (his wife's for mer husbands) or any of their predecessors, to be taken down and thrown in obsoure places; "only the image of St. Katherine (in regard that many did affect it; he gave leave that it should stand in his bakehouse." Dugdale is followed by a train of authors down to Dr. Vaughan, the modern biographer of "NVickliffe, who repeat, without comment, this singular enshrining of St. Katherine. It miRht have been surmised that thefstatue was of wood, and was doomed to the oven, by the zealous iconoclast, as a spe cial mark of reprobation, because it ha4 been a special object of worship, lint this con jecture would seem to be far from the truth, because there was a reason, apart from all controversy on the worship of saints, why De Montaeute should revere the image of St. Katherine. The Saint had given a name to his father's mother, the noble Katherine de Grandison, in whose honor Edward III held the great tournament in which the Order of the Garter had its beginning; for Froissart's story is no fable, and so Lord ilailes, the severe annalist, might nave learned if he had read bis Kymer and the Chronicles more carefully. There was, then, a reason for the exception in favor of the image, yet still a wonder re mains. Why should it have been thought an act of affectionate reverence to the memory of Katherine de Grandison to set np the image of her namesake in the bakehouse? Is it a probable conjecture that, the chapel having been built near the oven for warmth, the reformer, though he would not suffer an idol in his house of worship, gave all the honor that conscience allowed, by placing it in the precinct? If, however, we inquire whether Sir John de Montaeute really did this wonderful thing, all oonieotnre about his reasons for doing it may be spared, for in deed he did not do it at all. Dugdale took the tale from Walsingham- It is told in the very same words by another chronicler, the Monk of Evesham, in his "Life of Richard the Second." Looking at these authorities, we find that all that is strange in the story is the work of Dugdale, misplacing a single let ter. According to the two monks. Sir John did nothing worthy of wonder. He set up the image, not in pintrinvm, in the bakehouse, but m prtsunum, in its former place in the chapel. Hearne, the editor of the "Life of Richard the Second," did not venture to cor rupt his author s text; but by a foot-note, L. piatrinurn" in deference to the translation of the great antiquary, he acoepted the bake house as the better reading. The Master of the Rolls also has received pistrinum, into the text of his edition of 18G1, allowing in a note that in Camden the word was pristinum. Henry of Knyghton, who had the advantage over the other two chroniclers of being a contemporary, does not name Sir John de Montaeute among the Lollard knights; but, strangely enough, he does relate that at the very same time another image of St. Katherine, a wooden image, was discovered to be the solitary oooupant of another chapel, the chapel of St. John the Baptist without Leicester, where the follow ers of Wickliffe were wont to hold their con venticles, and was chopped np and used as fuel to boil pot-herbs. After telling this tale in prose. Knychton repeats it in .Latin rhymes. Again, Robert bouthey tooK some pains to give a correct text of the rtigrim a rrogrens. In his edition. Hopeful having wondered why Littlefaith had not plucked up a heart, and stood one brush with such a company of cowards as the three brothers. Faintheart, Mistrust, and Guilt, when they robbed and wounded him in Deadman's Lane, Christian replies that many had called them cowards. but few bad found it so in the time of trial; that they had made David groan, mourn, and roar, bad sorely brushed the coats of Morde cai and Hezekiah, though champions in their days, and had handled Peter so that they made him afraid of a sorry girl. It seems a thing for wonder that Bunyan should have ranked Mordecai with David, Hezekiah, and Peter; but in truth he did not. lid had set in the place which Southey gives to Mordecai one who may be the niaa oele brated as second in wisdom to Solomon, aad certainly was a psaliuiat who in spiritual dark ness and terror cried from the lowest deep m a castaway. This was Ueman. Some editor who had never heard Heman's name like the meie matter-of-fact godfather who, being asked to give the child a Bible name, pro posed Baal-zebub took the next that carne, and chanced Heman to Hamac. Then Southey, or the editor from whom he copied, assured that Bunyan could not nave num bered Haman among the champions of the faith, concluded that (since it was not Haman it must be Mordeoai, and Mordeoai was ex alted acoordinf ly. Mr. Offer has pointed out the progress of this error, which in all proba bility was overlooked, not invented, by bonthey. Dr. Lmgard, in his "History of England," telling of the unfortunate little army that Jean de Tienne, Admiral of France, brought over to Edinburgh in the year 133", t aid the Scots in a projected raid across the border, says: "It 1b amusing to read In Frolsaart the complaints of the Frenchmen after their arrival Wiien they were at last introduced to me King, they ware hocked with his 'red bleared eyes, of tne color of sandal- wood, which convinced them that he vu no warnor,'" Here is an opening into a wilderness of conjectures. Passing over the stumbliag block that the complexion of no sandal-wood of modern days can vie with the fiery red of an inflamed eye, we must wonder, like Sir Kobert Cotton magnifying of a ahoe, by what procetia the red eyes of King llobert as sured hia allies that be could be no warri r. Troissart, above all men, kuew the points of a cood knight. What reasons, looking either to caiiKO or consequence, persuaded him tht a redeye king might be a valiant iuiu- at-aruiH? But before we ask the reason of the thing, we are to inquire whether the thing it self were bo; and, again, it wan not. It does not appear that the French were at all shocked with the King's eyes, which seemed as though they were made np of sendail not sandal-wood, but a fabrio of scarlet silk interwoven with some coarser material of tke same color; and, far from finding in red eyes an excuse for coward sloth, they deemed it foul scorn that the "good tall fellow" who had them did not lead his army to the fight. They were, indeed, convinced that he was no soldier, yet not from the color of his eyes, but beoause they saw that it was dearer to him t sit by the fireside in Edinburgh than to ride forth to battle with his nine sons whose delight was in arms. This is what Froissart says: "Or vint le rol Robert d'KtcMii, un grand bon hemrue a uns rouges yeux rebraeics: lis semblotent fonrres de scndall; et blen montrolt que 11 n'etolt lias aux amies trop valllant houirae et que 11 eut plus clier le sojourner quj lu chevanciier; mala II avolt jusiiucs a neuf ills, et ceax alinolent les amies " After relating the departure of the army from Edinburgh, Frossart continues: "A cette ehevauchee n'etolt point In rol, mala etolt demeure en Haindcbourch, et eloient tons Bes en fans en l'annee." The Froissart in whose chronicles Dr. Lin gard found amusement was norths Canon of Chimay himself, nor Lord Berners, whose translation was preferred by Waiter Scott, and who, in this place as in others, has given a true, though a free, interpretation. Mr. Jobnes, of Ilafod, was the blind guide whom Dr. Lingard blindly followed. Once more. The elder Disraeli, of whom it has been said that he never rested satislied until he had consulted original authorities, tells us in a chapter on "Literary Blunders:" 'Lord Bollngbroke imagined that In those famous verses beginning with Jtxcudent alii, etc., Virgil at tributed to the Romans the glory of having sur passed the Greeks in historical composition ; acoord- lng to nm idea, toose itoman Historians whom Virgil preferred to the Grecians were Sailust, Llvy, and Tacitus. But Virgil died before Livy had written his History, or Tacitus was born." Here is cause enough to wonder at the strange fashion of Bolingbroke's understand ing, llow could he imagine that Virgil attri butod any bach glory to his countrymen when the famous verses "Excndent alii splrantla moillns rera, Credo equklem, vivos ducent de marinoro vultaal Orabunt causaa melius, oicilque meatus escrlbent radio, et aurgentia Bldera a icon t: Tu regere lmperio populos, Komane, memento; II tlbl erunt artes; paclsque imponere raorem, Tarsere subjectls, et debeilare superboa'' do not contain the faintest allusion to histo rians Roman or Grecian, and, while they give to the Greeks superiority in the fine arts, ex pressly limit the province of the Romans to the arts of dominion? How, if he meant to say that Tacitus, who was born some eighty years after the death of Virgil, flourished with bim in the Augustan age, could he add immediately this flagrant contradiction, when lacitus wrote taste was grown cor rupt as well as manners? But as regards liolmgbroke, there is no cause for wonder. In the plainest possible words, he expressed surprise that Virgil did not give the glory to nis countrymen. The wonder is how Disraeli could fall into so preposterous an error. It happened in this way. He did not look at the "iEneid;" he did not look at the "Letters on the Study of History," where V lrcil s verses are copied at the foot of the page. He looked at a book in which they are not copied and which he does not name "Bishop Newton on the Prophecies" and he looked with bo careless an eye that, with per lect innocence of intention, he converted a mere controversial misrepresentation into downright assertion of a thing that was not Bishop Newton, who, rebuking UolingbrsKe for his imaginary blunder, has been followed by the author of "Tremaine," had written: wis i.orasnip is or opinion mat "virgu, in tnose laruouB verses, rjtendeut am, etc., might have justly ascribed to his countryman the praise of writing History oeuer man tno ureciaus.' nut, which are tne Roman historians that are to be pre ferred to the Grecian? Why. 'the remains, the precious remains,' says his Lordship, 'of Sailust, of Livy, and of Tacitus." But It happened that Virgil died before Livy nad written bis history, and before l acitus was born. And Is not this an excellent t hronolcger, now, to correct ancient nlitory and chronology sacred and profane?" There is no blunder here; but there is something less pleasant a want of care to repeat, with perfect good faith, the words of an adversary, lhose to whom the Jssay on History was known only by the Bishop's report were led to believe that Sailust, Livy, and Tacitus were the only historians named by Bolingbroke, and that he named them expressly as the historians whom Virgil outfit to nave preferred. Yet he named alto gether eight, alluding also to "others" un named, and he did not name any one of the eiuht nntil Virgil had passed out of his thought. In hia letter to Lord Cornbury, after distinguishing antiquaries and annal lats from historians, and telling how, as nations grew into manhood, history, at first intended only to record lta names and re markahle events, was raised to answer the nobler end of a lesson of ethics and politics, he spoke of the growth of annals into true history among the Greeks and Romans: "Thai (he sa s) It happened among the Greeks, but much more among the Komaus, notwitrntana lng the prejudice In favor of the former, even among the latter. I have sometimes thought that vircii might nave iutiy ascribed to his countrymen the prihe of writing history better, as well as that of affording the noblest subjects for it, in those famous verses, 'Excudrnt ail),' etc.. where the dif lei cut excellencies of the two nations are so hnely touched, but he would have weakened, perhaps by lengthening, ana nave natteuuu the climax Here he passed away from Virgil, and went on, according to bis purpose, to establish the superiority of the Roman historians. He mentioned Herodotus as an entertaining story-teller, gave high praise to Thucydides and Xenophon, who treated but small por tiona of history, and, adding that Polybius and Dionysius of lla icarnasvus must bow to the great Roman authors, he proceeded: 'Many principal ni. n of that commonwealth wrote memorials of their own actions aud thalr own times Sjila, thenar, Labienus, pollio, Augustus, and others. What writer of memorials, what compl lei s of the mate, ia aiafortca were these ! what genius was necefsary to Mulsh up the pictures that such masters han sketched! Hume allorded men that were equal to the task. Let the remaiua. the pre clous remains of tsalluot. of Llvy, and of Tacitus witness hum u uui. w ueu xauuu wrote, even me appearance of virtue had been long proscribed, and Uste was grown corrupt, as well as manners yet history preserved ner integrity and her lustre." Bolingbroke's judgment may have been at fault when he deemed that Syila, Ciusar, Sal lust, and Pollio for perhaps Lakienus and Augustus hhould be set aside with Livy aud Taoitus would have been Virgil's sufficient warrant if h bad ascribed the superiority to his countrymen, and he might have written more perspicuously; he might have paused, though perhaps at the tisk of weakening and flattening bis e'oqueLt prose, to tell Lord Cornbury that, while in naming the Roman historians he could not exclude Livy aud Tacitus, be did not mean to assert that they had nourished before or at the same tiuis with Virgil. But theological zeal will hardly excuse the grave profession of a belief that he imagined Tacitus and Vircii to have flourished together in an age in which tuste had grown corrupt. The Binhop's interpreta tion does not give tne sense and spirit of toe original, and if it could be accepted as fair, still the lauiestable blunder in Mr. Disraeli's sew version would remain a remarkable in stance of the danger of quoting at second hand. WATOMEIi JEWELRY. ETOi ttwis ladomus & cd; WniiMfivn vtjriT.irns a TwwPT.iritS.X WATCHES, iKWHI.KT A BIl.TEa WiKK. .WAT0HE3 and JEWELRY EEPAISED, , JoagheBtTint St., ThUv Would invite attention to their large stocx of Ladles' and Cents' Watches Of American and foreign makers. DIAMONDS in the newest suiesof Settings. LADIES' and OENTS' CHAINS, sets of JEWELRY Of the latest Styles, BAND AND CHAIN BRACELETS, Etc Etc. DILVEU WAZIB of the latest designs In great variety, for wedding presenis. nepairiDg aone in tne best manner and guaran teed, a 11 fm GOLD MEDAL REGULATORS. . W. HUMS DLL,, No. 22 NOltTII SIXTH STREET, Begs to call the attention of the trade and customers to the annexed letter: TRANSLATION. "I talta pleasure to announce that I tinvn Hpn tr Mr. O. W. RUSSELL, of Phr'.adelphla, the e.cluHlve sale of all goods of my manufacture. He will be aoie to Ben tnem at the very lowest prices. "UUSTAV be;kek, "First Manufacturer of Regulators, "Frelhnrg, Germany. BOARDING, UMMER BOARDING The elc-gant onllding known as THE EXt ELSIOR NORMAL INSTITUTE, located at Carversvillc, Bucks county, Fa., two miles from Bull s Island Station, on the Belvldere Railroad, will be opened to accommodate CITY BOARDERS from July 1, 1871, to September 1. For bealthfnlness of location and beauty of Burroandlng scenery this Institution can hardly be surpassed. Those wishing to bring their own teams Into the country can bo accommodated with stables, sheds, and feed at reasonable rates. The proprietor will be found at the Merchants' Hotel, THIRD Street, above Callowhlll, on SATUR DAYS, AprU 15 and 22, from 10 o'clock A. M. to 2 o'clock P. M., when an interview may be had. For terms, etc., address S. S. OVERHOLT, Carversvllle, Bucks County, Pa. REFERENCE. B. REIFF, Nos. 130 and 132 South Front street. AMA8A MAY, Nos. 715 and 717 Market street. 47 13t GOVERNMENT SALES. C O V E R.N MENT SALS. Will be sold at pnblio auction at the UNITED STATES CUS1 OM HOUSK. on THURSDAY. April 27, 1S71, at 10 o'clock A. M., the following-described property, seized at the J'urt of rnilaaplphia. Pa , for violation of the revenue laws of the United States: June 83. 1870, from Brig Lophemia, from Zaza, 1 lot cigars. September 16. istb, rrom Brig Thusnelde. from Liverpool, 1 keg rum, 1 lem. whisky. September 21, 1870, from Schooner Wllhelmlna, from Liverpool. 17 pieces old Iron. September 21, lsio. rrom Ship Knocn Tatbot, from Liverpool, 1 hamper iron stoneware, 3: doz. brown slout. n..tAU. IS IQTn tnm TCaiV i KKIn XT UVnnb-lln from Leghorn, 10 boxes soap, 1 box salad oil, 1 wiiui'i;, . loiu, iiviu uqik auuio i. A taunuu. marble siab. October 29, 1870, from Canal Line, from New York. 1 cHSk brandy. February 27, 1871, rrom Brig John Chnstal. from Pemambuco. 2 bags sugar. Marcn 7, ibii, irom urig ueorge a. vaie, rrom Cardenas. 1 bbl. molasses. 1 iem. rum. March 9, 1871, rrom Brig Helolse, from Fernanu bueo. 1 bbl. sugar. March 4, 1871, from Schooner C. A. Farnsworth, from Jamaica, 1 bag coifee, 1 bbl. sugar, 1 bbl. rnm, l Keg mm. March n. 1871, rrom scnooner wary is. smitn. from Trinidad de Cuba, 1 bbl. sugar and X bbl. molasses. An v Derson claiming said property Is required to appear and tile with the collector or customs of Philadelphia his claims to the sime within 20 days irom date or nrat publication or mis nonce. UfeaKY 1). I1UU11K, Co lector of Customs, JAMES A. FREEMAN, 413 85 Auctioneer. GROCERIES, ETO. JONDON BROWN STOUT AND SCOTCH ALB, In glass and stone, by tne cask or dozen. ALBERT O. ROBERTS, Dealer In Fine Groceries, Corner ELEVENTH and VINE sta. MARBLE WORKS. H. S. T A R It & SON'S MANUFACTORY OF Carved and Ornamental Marble Work, (llKEN Street, above Seventh, 180 8m PHILADELPHIA LEGAL NOTICES. TN THE ORPHANS' COURT FOR TUB CITY A AND COUNTY OF PHILADELPHIA. Kstateof WILLIAM. C. D1CKKN SHEETS, dee'd. The Auditor appointed by the Court ti audit, set tle, and ad iust the account of MARY ANN DICK- UMSuKkTS. Administratrix or tne estate or WIL LIAM C. DIOKKNSUKETS, deceased, and to report dixtrlbutiou of the balance in the hands of the a countant, will meet the parties Interested for the run pose or ins appointment, on mu.mjai. Aorn u, 1S71, at 3 o'clock P.M., at his Ortlce, No.Si S. THIRD btrett, m tne city or rmiaaeipma. 6 wfmst Auditor. "PEPARTMENT OF SURVEYS OFFICB OF J CHIEF ENGINEER AND .SURVEYOR. PUILADBU'UIA, Pa., April 6, 1871. NOTICE Duplicate plans of the revision of grades upon eo much of the Twenty-seventh ward as is embraced within Forty-second urid Forty-sixth streets, and sprnce street ana uaiumore avenue, are now prepared and deposited ror inspection at the ortlce of WILLIAM II. JONES, Surveyor and Regulator, No. 4040 MARKET Street, and also at the ofllee of this Department, and the Board of Sur veyors have appointed MONDAY, April 17. 1871, at 10) o'clock A.M., to consider any oujectlons that may be urged thereto by any citizen interested therein. STRICKLAND KNEA5S, 4 9 11 15 3t Chief Engineer and Surveyor. COPYING PEESSES. Just received, a Large Assort ment of the Latest Ktyles COPYING PRESSES. WM. M. CHRISTY, Stationer and Printer, No. 187 S. THIRD Street, SSS eodS Opposite Glrard Bank. r A R A C AS CHOCOLATE, Imported and for sale by DALLETT fc SON. 'Urn No. m 8. FKONT btreet. GARDEN AND FLOWER SEEDS. A Foil Assortment. OUR OWN i ROW TIL COLLINS, WET11ERILL & CO.. SEtI) GROWKK9. 4 4 tufa tX Nos. 1111 and Ui MARKET blreet. IMIPPINO tP XT A mTAKT A T PWl rwLU.U?. 1 A 1 lUllALl SJLLLii STEAM DIRECT TO AND FROM NEW YORK, UKKN5TUWN, AND LIVERPOOL. Tne magnificent Ocean Steamships of this linn. sailing regularly every SATURDAY, are among the largest in the world, aud famous for the degree of safety, comfort, and speed attained. KAliSi, UlKKKNUlf, TB and 0O. First class Excursion Tickets, good for twelve months, ,1130. Early application must be made In order to secure a choice of state-rooms. STEERAGE RATES, CURKBNCT, Outward, ish. Prepaid, 32. Tickets to and from Londonderry ann uiaagow at the same low rates. Pei sons visiting the old country, or sending for their friends should remember that these steerage rates are 3 cheaper than several other lines. Bank drafts Issued tor any amount, at lowest rates, payable on demand in all partaof England, Ireland, Scotland, Wales, and the Continent of Europe. Apply to WALLER fc CO., Agents, AO. HU4 walnut su, jimt oftow Second. mm T.TVrrnpnriT. xrr nnrmo Xii TOWN. The Inman Line of Royal Mai Bteaaieni are appointed to sail as follows : City of New ork, Wednesday, April 19, at 2 P.M. uity or isrusseis, eaiuraay, April 82, at s r n. City of London, Saturday, April 2. at 1 P. M, Cltv of Dublin, via Halifax. Tuesdav. Mav 9. atl and each succeeding Saturday and alternate Tues day, rrom pier wo. n north river. By Mail Steamer Sailing every Saturday. Payable in gold. Payable In currency. First Cabin ITBjSteerage 30 to Londnn so to libudon 86 To Halifax 80 1 To Halifax IB rasscmrers also forwarded to Antwero. Rotter. a Hia, sweaen, iNorway, uenmarx, etc., at reuucea rateB. Ticketa can be bought here at moderate rates by persons wishing to send for their friends. For further Information apply at the company'i Office. JOHN G. dale. Agent, No. IS Broadway, N. Y. I ur wj u iJUiMiNjiijii r AUljix, Agents, No. 408 CHESNUT Street. Philadelphia, rpHE REGULAR STEAMSHIPS ON TUB PHI- A. LA 1) E LPU1A AND CHARLESTON STEAM SHIP LINE are ALONE authorized to Issue througt ollls of ladlnir to Interior points South and West in connection witn bonth Carolina Railroad company. ALU KJilJ JU II Lttrt, Vice-President So. C. RK. Co. PHILADELPHIA AND SOUTHERN MAIL STEAMSHIP COMPANY'S RE GULAR SEMI-MONTUL LINE TO NEW OR LEANS. J a. The yazoo wm sail ror new Orleans, via Havana. On lUeBUHY, April in, HU S A. .11. The Juniata win sail irom New Orleans, via Havana, on . April . THROUGH BILLS OF LADING at as low rates as bv anv other route Eiven to MOBILE. GALVES TON, injluainiua, koukivkt, LAVAOUA, and BRAZOS, and to all points on the Mississippi river between New Orleans and St. Louis. Red river freights reshlpped at New Orleans without charge 01 commiBHious. WEEKLY LINE TO SAVANNAH. GA. Tne WYOMING will sail for Savannah on Satur. day. April in. at 8 A. M. Tne .riuNuK wm sail irom eavaanan on Sat urday, April is. TU.KOUUH uillh of LADING given to all tho principal towns In Georgia, Alabama, Florida, Mis sissippi. Louisiana. Arkansas, and Tennessee in con nection with the Central Railroad of Georgia, At- .aaiic ana uun nanroaa, ana r ionaa steamers, at ubiuw raies aa oj cuuipeuug unea. SEMI-MONTHLY LINE TO WILMINGTON, N. C. Tne tun aw ainda will sau lor wilminc-ton an Wednesday. April 12. at 6 A. M. Returnlnir. will leave n uiuujkwu ouuuay, April io. connects witn tne cape ear Kiver steamboat Company, the Wilmington and Weldon and North Carolina Railroads, and the Wilmington and Man- cnester itanroaa to an interior points. DTeignts ror commma. . C. and Augusta, (ia. taken via Wilmington at as low rates as by anv other route. Insurance effected when requested bvshlnners. Bills of lading signed at Queen street wharf on or before day of sailing. WILLIAM L. JAMKS, General Agent, No. 130 S. THIRD Street. CLYDE'S 8TKAM L.I N K S. , Ortlce, No. 19 South WHARVES. PHILADELPHIA, RICHMOND AND NORFOLK STEAMSHIP LINE, THROUGH FREIGHT AIR- LfNE TO THE SOUTH AND WEST. Steamers leave every WEDNESDAY and SATUR DAY "at noon," from FIRST WHARF above MAR KET Street. No bills of lading signed after 12 o'clocsk on salllnor day. THKOUGH ivATJKa to an points m North and South Carolina, via Seaboard Alr-llne Railroad, con necting at rorisuiouiu, sua m .yacuourg, va., Ten nessee, and the West via Virginia and Tennessee Alr-llne, and Richmond and Danville Railroads. KrelttlltS 1JAKULJU but uincb and taken At LOWER RATES than by any other line. No charge ror commissions, dray age, or anv ex pense of transfer. Steamships Insure at ljwest rates. FREIGHTS RECEIVED DAILY. State-room accommodations for passengers. WM. P. PORTKh. Agent. Richmond and nit Point. T. P. CROWELL & CO., Agents, Norfolk. frf PHILADELPHIA AND CHARLESTON. FHILADKLPH1A and CHARLESTON STEAMSHIP LINE. THUUMJAX L.1WJS UK CH AKLESTON. The first-class Steamship VIRGINIA. Cantaln Hunter, will sail on Thursday. Aorll o. at is o'clock, noon, from Pier 8, North Wharves, above Arch street. Thronen bins or lanine to an principal nointa in South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, etc., etc. Rates of ireignt as low as Dy any other route. For freight or passatre apply on the Pier, as above. WM. A. COURTNEY, Agent In Charleston. FOR NEW YORK DAILY VIA DELAWARE AND RARITAN CANAL. The CHEAPEST and oUluiiEST water commu. Dieatlon between Philadelphia and New York. Steamers leave jjailx irom nrst wharl below MARKET Street. Philadelphia, aad foot of WALL Street. New York. THROUGH IN TWENTY-FOUR HOURS. G oils forwarded by all the lines running out of New York, North, East, and West, free of commls aif n. Fnlght received uauy anu iorwaraea on acc3m- modeling terms. a ja.hm iiAnu, Agent, No. 119 WALL Street, New York. NEW EXPRESS LINE to ALEX. iANDRIA, GEORGETOWN, AND VijMilCiulUi'i, u. vuraaiicmo sun uuiaware ( hi. Hi, connecting witn urange ana Alexandria Ballad. Steamers leave reguiany every batukuai at noon, from First wnari aoove jn.AnA.Zii etreeu Fretgnts receivea uauy. HYDE TYLER, Agents, Georgetown, D. C. M. KLORIDGE CO., Agents, Alexandria, Va. DELAWARE AND CHESAPEAKE TOW-BOAT COMPANY. barifes toweu ueiweeu xniiBuuipuio, uauuuore, Havre-de-Urace, Delaware City, and intermediate TXT -TTTTX T. A TTiT-TTT.TJ- RnnAi'irit.Anriant OFFICE, No. 18 South WHARVES. PHILADELPHIA. WILLIAM pTcLYDE A CO., AGENTS For all the above lines, No. W SOUTH WHARVE8, Philadelphia, where further Information may be obtained. jpB LORJLLARD STEAMSHIP COMFARY ' 1 '""roil NEW TOUU, BAILHSG TUESDAYS, THURSDAYS, AND SAT URDAYS AT NOON. QJ8URANCB ONE-EIGHTH OF ON 3 PES CENT. No bill of lading or receipt signed for less than Arty cents, and no Insurance effected for less than one dollar premium. For further particulars and rates apply at Com pany's ottlce, Pier 83 East river, New York, or to JOHN F. OHU PIKR 19 NORTH WHARVES. N. o, Extra rates on small packages iron, metals' etc ii i .i .- . . , t FOR NEW YORK. VIA DELAWARE irf,2na itaritan uanai. bV i TS L RE TRANSPORTATION COMPANY". DESPATCH AMJ dWIf TalKIS The steam propellers of this company leave daily at 1 M. aud P. M. Through in twenty-four hours. . Goods forwarded to aay point free of commission. Freights taken on accommodating terms. Apply t WILLIAM M. BAIRD A. CO., Agents, No. m Souta DELAWARE Avenue, SHIPPING. T? O R S A V A N N A H, O R O R O I A A? TIlE FIORIDA FORTS, GREAT SOUTHERN FREIGHT AND PASSEN OER LINE. CENTRAL RAILROAD OF GEORGIA AND ATH liArsTlU ANU WULF KA1LKUAD, FOUR STEAMERS A WEK. TUESDAYS, 'riiLiUSlJAXB. ' AND SATURDAYS. THE STEAMSHIPS BAN SALVADOR. Captain Nlckerson. from Pier no. norm luver. WM. K. Ur AKKlSUrf, Agent, No. 5 Howling (ireett. MONTGOMERY. Captain Fatrcloth, from Pier Ncl 13 North Rlyer. K. lowdkn. Agent, No. 93 W est street. I LEO. Captain Dearborn, from Pier No. 18 East? River. MURRAY, FERRIS & CO., Agents, I Nos. 61 and 6a Soutn street. I i nWTTOAT. T? "P "V 17 C: fountain Maltnn fnn TMar no. B norm rtiver. LIVLMJSTON, FOX ft CO., Agents, No. S3 Liberty street. Insurance by this line ONE-HALF PER CENT. Superior accommodations for passengers. Through rates and bills of lading la connection' with the Atlantic and (Julf Freight line, Throngh rates and bills of lading in connection with central Kaiiroad Of ueorgia, to an point. V. V. UWDJNS, UOKUt 1UNUK, Agent A. AG. R. R., Agent C. R. R., No. 829 Broadway. No. 4u9 Broadway Wn ITS STAR LINE OCEANIC STEAM NAVIGATION COMPANY LINE OF NEW STEAMERS BETWESN NBwk YC RK AND LIVERPOOL, CALLING AT CORKi lit niiAr u. The company's neet comprises the following mag nldcent full-powered ocean steamships, the Blil largest in the world : OCEANIC, Captain Murray. ARCTIC ATLANTIC, Captain Thompson. BALTIC PACIFIC. Captain Perry. ADRIATIC These new vessels nave been designed special!? ior me transatlantic iraue, ana combine sp Passenger accommodations unrivalled, Parties tending for their friends In the old com try can now obtain prepaid tickets. Steerage, 132, currency. Other rates as low as anv first-class line. For further particulars annlv to ISMAY. IMRIS J CO., No. 10 WATER Street, Liverpool, and No. EAST INDIA Avenue, LEADEN HALL Btreeti London: or at the company's offices, No, li BROADWAY, New York. 1 J. IL SPARKS, Agent. ) FT-HE ANCHOR LINK STEAMERS. A Sail every Saturday and alternate Wednesday to and from Glasgow and Derry. 1 Passengers booked and forwarded to and from aiV railway stations in Great Britain. Ireland, Gctu many, Norway, Sweden, or Denmark and Amerlci as safely, speed-lly, comfortably, and cheaply as bj any other route or line. "EXPRESS" BTSAMIBS. ANGELA,' AUSTRALIA, BRITANNIA, INDIA, COLUMBIA, "EXTRA" BTSAMIBS. IOWA. TYRIAN, BRITANNIA, IOWA, TYRIAN, liUROPA. BRITANNIA. From Pier SO Nerth river, New York, at noon. Rates of Passage. Payable to Currency, to Liverpool, Glasgow, or Derry : First cabins. t65 and 175, according to location. Cabin excursion tickets (good for twelve months). securing Dest accouimuaauunn, iisu. All rol mutually, (w , .rcciagoffw, Certificates, at reduced rates, can be bought here, oy tnose wisning to sena ior tnoir inenas. Drafts Issued, payable on presentation. Apply at the company's omoes to HENDERSON BROTHERS. No. T BOWLING GREEN. F OR ST. THOMAS AND BRAZIL; UNITED STATES AND BRAZIL STEAM, un.fi BHir COMPANY. , REGULAR MAIL STEAMERS sailing on till kiu oi every montn. SOUTH AMERICA, Captain E. L. Tlnklepaugh. NORTH AMEhlCA. Captain G. B. Slocum. These splendid steamers sail on schedule tlrae.anrj call at St. Thomas, Para, Pemambuco, Bahla, and Rio de Janeiro, solnsr and returning. . For emraraA menus oi ireisnt or passage, appiy to VV J. K. UA1LK K, GARRISON. Agent. No. 6 Bowling-green, New York. OORDAOE, ETO. CORDAGE. I Manilla, Blial and. Tarred Gordagx At LowMt Haw York PrloM and IWhU. I CD WIN H. FITJJEK CO 1 Vtetorr , TEJJTH Bi. and GBRMAHTOWB Avanoa) ) tor. Do. tS B. WATXB St. and H H. DKLAWARH Avanua, PHILADELPHIA JOHN S. LEB fc CO., ROPE AND TWIN MANUFACTURERS. DEALERS IN NAVAL STORES, ANCHORS AND CHAINS, SHIP CHANDLERY GOODS, ETC., Nos. 46 and 48 NORTH WHARVES. FIRE EXTINGUISHER. TKE UNION FIRE EXTINGUISHER,1 OVER FIVE MILLIONS (15,000,000) OF DOLLARS'' WORTH OF PROPERTY IN THE UNITED STATES HAS ACTUALLY BEEN ( . SAVED BY THE KXTTN. J GCISHER Mai Within the past three years: while in Phlladelphli alone twenty-five Ores, endangering property to th4 extent of HUNDREDS OF THOUSANDS OF DOLj LARS, have been extinguished daring the past year by the same means. Our Machine Is trie IMPROVE!: CARBONIC ACID GAS FIRE EXTINGUISHES and Is indorsed and used by M. Balrd & Co., Henry. Dlaston & Son, Benjamin Bullock's Sons, Morris,) Taiker 4 Co.,1 Alan Wood A Co., Lacey fc Phillips,) Bromley Brothers, 8. J. Sol ins, Charles Eneu, Joha-i son &Co., RlmbjA. Madeira, Francis Perot Jk Sous,) George W. Childs, Pennsylvania Railroad Companyvl Philadelphia and Boston Steamship Company, Phliai delphia and Southern Steamship ' Company, and, many other of our leading boslneas men and corpo-i rations. i' CAUTION. All parties In this community artf warned against buying or selling "ExtlnguUhersi except those purchased from ns or our agents, nnder, penalty of immediate prosecution for Infringement J Our prices have been reduced, and the Machine In now within the reach of every property holder. N. B. One style made specially for private refill dencea. j Union Tire Extinguisher Companrl OFFICE, asastutfrp V No. 118 MARKET STREET. Savery'sPatent Combined 1 atcr Cooler and REFRIGERATOR W Has pioved lisoii to be superior toi any in tne market, can ana ex amine. JACOB F1. II A !V II, Jr., Depot, No. 880 MARKET Street. EDWARD PONTI A CO., IMPORTERS OF FOREIGN PRODUCE, Wines, Oils, Fruits, Cigars, WliOLX.HAl.JS ANU KfcTAlL, To, t01 HALIll Street, PHILADELPHIA. XDW AKD PONTI. Ib-UTi J JAKBS W. BAVXHS. GAXOfJ GREEN is Brighter, will not Fade, Costs Leas than any othei because u win rami iwiu macu suwace. BOLD BV ALL. DEALERS IN PAINTS. J. H. WEEK & CO., Manufacturer!, MU N. 144 N. lOl'UrU Sli l'htUelpha. COTTON SAIL DUCK AND CANVAS, OF ALL numbers and brands. Tent, Awning. TraaT turera' Drier Telta, from thirty to aefenti-i 1 InoAea, with Panllna, Belting, Bali Twtue, ewj. JOllN W. VtciiMAN. 1 K0, 1 CHURCH guoeKCiu Bkonii 8 " r