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Herald of the valley. [volume] (Fincastle, Va.) 1820-1823, September 28, 1822, Image 4

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t5Oft'I RY.
THE USE aNU ABUSE OF 1HE
PRESS,
From the Liverpool Mercury.
Heaven sent (he PRESS to owe a guilty
aue,
And lash the Vices with a noble rag-;
"Warp'd ny the fate of Greece and Rome
tindon”.
J*,acu Wliu exueJJe pariy nem n> snuu
To hid • br hr. z n roar of bailie e ase,
Aud join mankind in holy leagues of
peace;
"Willi iite deep thunder of her fearless
tone,
To drive contending factions from the
(hro ;
Check evil counsels; guard the common
weal,
Ann fill the Royal mind with patriot
zer.l;
These are her virtuous tasks—hut these
not nil
The miguty claim* that for her labours
rail,
•’T's hers the pause of suffering realms
to plead,
And lend to Justice an impartial aid;
Against Invasion’s swotd to arm the
brave,
And break the Railing fetters of the
slavr;
"With fair applause to tan the generous
flame
"When Art <.nd Science woo the mred of
Fa e;
To smooth their path, their anxious toil
repay,
And te d ib.ui forth from darkness into
uoj;
Strike their fell loe, malignant envy,
down,
And vote io merit an unfading crown.
Bull the proud QUEEN OF 1SL
N Os, os uf old,
tlisdnin to Ourt-r liberty for gold;
Her Ui Hons still their sacred birth
right pr.zc,
Chief good of all beneath the spacious
ski; s;
And still the lofty brow, Hie dauotiiss
mien,
The soul amidst contending storm serene
The scum of I witss power, llie martial
liras,
frovc the brave sous the copy of their
sues;
Uf those, whose van on ThamiS s' fair
s-rv am,
01 m iiC'.d warriors csi a steely
1 K ftiilf
V ,...t tun. ' eir warlike bands the ba
rn- ,d
In ih b fi. id of glorious KUANY
- t 1):
A\ till fro» nuig piide the L.so flag
uutu. i'u,
Amtac o I ssoiitothe wcndeiiiig norid;
Ht.uck the fierce bieusi ol tau'less
JO HA iiii'i a*.,
And won the inun irtel charter of the
law.
Thou *iill the PRE-S to her high mis
sion true,
Pour her whole thunder on the guilty
crew;
Kings, noble ; factions, in their turns
appeal,
Anu w it io fii\ vengeance over all;
Tin when Coiiop-iou li.rcateng alt the
laud,
And the vile trail', speeds from hand
to baud;
"When her grave factors the debate pro
larm-.
To »> 'ifcti tl profits not tbe right or
wrong",
The Prf'-K, p< «ertt-d in «n evil I'our,
I) eoo et an engin. ot oppressive power;
’lo rankr ue worse appear tbe better
cause,
And aup the strong foundation of the
laws:
Adi), oft d bused bj Mammon’s greedy
train,
Biuks to a l>»-kiiicd instrument of gain;
F.iiSin hem. iktint an easy price,
The |>i ostituie of k aischood. k ruud ar.d
V e?
Tbeecwa ds weapon, and the ready
fool
Of every smooth impostor, knave, and
foot;
By day, by night, their deadly libels
strike
The fair lepute of every rank alike;
\Y uii inuenoc?* sport the virgin’s lame,
Ami douui n.e weeding innoeent to
snaine;
Spread oiuek inventions through tie
busy town.
To rob a r.aro of his just renown;
Muhgn the patriot, iheir venom shed
Ou tne meek preaetier of tbe gospel’s
head;
The gre-t and good, the lov’d and
honour’d most,
I lie fri->ud» oi freedom, and tf\eir
country’* boast,
\t ohef, to scorn und calumny tbe doom.
Nor spre vfce HOYaL VICTIM in
her tomb
Liverpool, May 20, 1822. W. C.
MISCELLANEOUS.
From the Fort Folio.
BR JOHNSON ON MATRIMONY.
LETTER i.
Sir.
Hie following dialogue, between the
grert Ur Johnson s.ucl invself, I com
mit i*d in paper on the very day it hap
penetl, 1 am confident it is very arcu
rate, for I have a retentive memory,
whatever other talents I may want.
’I'h-> occii-ioii wai this:—during the
fiist year of n.y marriage with the best
of husband*, finding myself extrenly
unhappy and supposing myself cruelly
treated by the man, who, 1 knew, loved
me, nuii of whom 1 wag passionately
fond. 1 paid a visit to Ur Johnson, in
order f'o consult him on this very ex
traordinary case. He was reading when
1 entered the mom. I thus began:
“1 beg your pardon, sir, for interrupt
ing yourstudtes with so little ceremo
ny; but if I may judge from your wri
! tings, you art good natnred and humane.
| You may refuse me your advice; but
! when 1 fell you 1 am unhappy, it is not
; in your power to refuse me your com
I passion. You may command your
I tongue; but you cannot ronuhatid your
j heart.He shook his bend, without
' looking up or speakings word. I also
continued slier:! ahnHt fire minute*, i
was then going to begin a gecon.i apology
and It djus' pronounced. ‘‘1 oi soriy*
l)r Ji.huso.,'*—hen wit. cu*. raising
t Ilia eyes from she ground, he soiii-1
“There earn* no apology, Thsta wo
man should se k consolation whore it is
not to b- found xc testiciti.tr aug-r
nor surprjz ► I he in Vlicitus of w!.ie;.
ir aiikmd cu .plain, ..re generally li e
ottspi rg o! vice or folly 1 occIikl you
of i r; Out o duy i r.ru l u.y. V .n
j may ierii your story to tn.rrow moru
! ing 1 ai.-Jl Ue at . mu - tilt two n’eso k
I \i.idai. i wish y ou a good day .’*-— -
! “iluetoi, your servant”—Aud so end
ed our first couveiunion.
LITTER 11.
ISlR,
j According to my promise,! now send
'you ike rt uiogue in tween Dr. Jtiliegnii
mol myself. 1 presutn you will think
j it w urttiy your acceptance,us it is a cun
; os:ty ol nil cli nttueof his biOgraph.-! s
nr. possessed 1 told you in my Iasi
i letter that the Doctor, w hen 1 first nan
ed on him, was buby, anti that he p-o
mistd to give me audience the day fol
lowing. 1 tuumt him in parlour with
a thick book brfoie him. As l e con
tinued his study, 1 had an opportunity
oi oh* mug a singularity in his uianuer
of reading. As often as lie came to the
end oi a line, lie brought his eyes back
agi in to the beginning of the nrxt, by
turning bis head, which seemed to move
so regularly upon a pivot, that his nose
swung secou t like the pcudlum of a
Clock.
Doctor. Well, madam, what is your
! pleasure with me?
Lady. From your writing* 1 conclude
I you ar» a friend to the unhuppy.
Doctor, \ our conclusion tnay be falie
Women are bud logicians; out proceed.
Lady. 1 hi marrud—well married
1 love my husband, and think.nay, 1 am
sure, littti fits affection equals mice;
yet 1 an. u..happy veryunhsppy.
JJector A very common cu*<?. Feli
. eily depends lees on circumstances,
than on dispositions. Hon Ion;* have
{you been m~rriedr
Lady 1'wo yeurs.
Doctor. \uu txpeeted t.'ie lioney
11100'. would .ever wu ic,
Laay No. nuj but 1 did not expect
liitu 1 ivm to be eontrndii ted, put
o.it of temper, ney, -veil eunin.oii.* i.;
tli't in\ husband would aver pref r an>
other company in mine; Ural e weuiti
leave me to spend whutt evenings triosie.
t thought vt o were to be niw.yg oi the
saute opinionj that tne.e H ag » b.- u«
conunuiid on ei.her tide; thg< it« wen
to e. juv the game arnost .nem^ i,at t.
mould neither praise not too erg wild
other women, i tnnti^Di neither—
JJocior You have thought od »*|.|
enough to eoovinee me, trial ti e enut.
fyour infelieny ig m yourself. You
have been educated by maiden aunts,
or by other silly women at a boarding
school. lou are unacquainted w.h
the institution of marriage, the laws o!
your country and with human nature.
Women when married, are in a itato
of absolute subjection and dependence
i he laws of your country hare de
prived you of tail pre'ensinas (o cor,':»i,.
power, or authority; but human nature,
hath, in recompense given you (list
which, if discreetly used, secures to you
the dominion of the world. Arguing
with your husband only serves to con
vince him of your incftpacity Co reason
justly. Ya'ur jealousy provokes lift re
sentment, and your upbrridings 'drive
him to the conversation ufthen or wo
men who receive him with more com
placency a.id good hum'or—l)r. Gold
smith entered the room, and here ended
our di ilogue.
Yours, ^AniA i?—-.
rrcm me ji,n,purunn.
THE MONEY COINER.
“Look into those the} call unfortunate,
Ami closer view’d you il find they are
unwise.’* Found;.
There is not a word in the whole
vocabulary of the English language,
more frequently misapplied, Inna I lie
word “unfortunate.” Mr. A. a re
spectable merchant of my aiquatnl
ancc, neglected, one cold winter's,
night, to take rare of his store lire
and before morning, the building with
half tiis fortune in it, was reduced to
eslnt; uthing would suit my old friend
Timothy Taodent, wlttn he came out
to sec me lust Junur.ty, but lie must
drive across the ice on the Shippnny
creek—be wag worried that it was a
htzurd, but on he dashed, aiid his line
horse and gig, ortli 80tt or io, went
to the bottom, and his packet book
containing a round 12oO dollars, was
missing when lie cume out; tuid my
next n tghbor, who hag all tlie tele hin
ted harangue of Poor Ktcnaid at the
VMYtiue by iienrt, ami retails mere pro
vt i ws then lie s*-lifc bushels of corn, fot
goi lite lithe evening to put irp n p„n
o! bat s tiiat led into an 8 here grain
ti id, and tux'. Inor tug lie foil- d (> 01
8 i f Ins cMtie had mane a repast upon
it t>: proved lauvt to half ol lit, in:—
My poor friends tire pitied for theii
ru sfon.u < s, and lit, *e mysterious dis
p.nsntiotis of providence hove occa
sioned th- tr nine d ys ol Wo iilerment;
«»i. :4c- J ek Hoyt, t lie rbaber, who was
sent >« the slate piisort a month ago, tin
] a leu yetu's apprenticeship, did not
heai a sympathetic sigh froui the con
course vt ho listened to his sentence, ail
tta.itt'ing the punishment wus scarcely
equ >1 lo tae crime lor which it w ait m
ht :ied
l ins providence, aboYit whieh so
much ;s saiJ, 1 believe is, ufter uli, u
fair nedl'r; and 1 made up my mind in
this respect long before 1 came ucross
this little sentence 1 have placed at the
head of my narrative to day. When
we meet with losses, and ate suY ring
I u-. tier the etlVcts of our nan errors and
carelessness, we ery out •‘tinfoituiitvt-!
unfortPuateJ” ascribe the disasters that
overtake us, to tli« hand of an over
ruling [tower, and are ready to question
the justice ut out ptiuisitnienij while
these losses and d,Sisters are the natu
ral consequences of their own doings,
and eoulti not in fact be prevented front
f lung upon us but by tlie direct and
particular interposition of a miraculous
power, ibis will be illustrate: us 1
proceed to introduce my reader* to an
honest hearted soul as ever lived_
Charles Clemens t;f A'lcsbury—alius_
“The Money Coiuer,” a hand anti glove
acquaintance of Hob Hawthorn of ilnJ
burn Hill, and whose Itumni r is ut this
moment sounding in my ear.
Chm 1 -s came down lb Aiesbury tr nu
amotier the mountains, lust tiefnre 1 I.
the village to r*side in Philadelphia,
He Was a raw country lad, amt i» awk
ward lu his mas tiers and a|*pv arancii
that the boys of the village n.,ed to
rraek. ina.y a merry joke u; on his
oroad miinwed ha* <k ciownisli address*
—lor i»tk of « .clier |iiace, tie was np*
premised to Giles Ovct shoot the white
smith. it was & poor ousmess in a
coiiiilij whose p wler disnes and wood
en spuuis w.re served up at the dinner
table of tne ’squire, out it ml’.riled Gil s
ti-e means ol su putting a lazy iuiii.it
mu u' kaepieg nisei Uit tolerably well
at Ute aic-hou e. With him Charts*
learned Inc ouslilfss aud eatue uni with
credit, shut a tioiu u variety ol ctr~
cosmanccs, his eliuneo appeared at
tl St.
Hy this t.me the silver smithing bus*
incss liao become better than it was.
1 he girls bad taken it into their head*
that their city irieitit* looked better m
S.ik* riid loekffu, man they did with
tneir ho : espuu ftorks aud their rosy
ciioeas, arid ihscueeoanog fasinonobie
lor an evening; walk, they souti brought
toe furniture ol the table tu correspond
ing »yle. Court's set up a shop, not
iu opposition i« uis oid muster, for op
pusilioQ tiieaus to oppose, to injure, but
v,illi the tiew of Lent-fitting litinstr!T,
the business-, and the public, liy bring
ing the trade tn mnri* perfection (hull
it had been brought there, anti in the
honest eniuUlirfn ;o which lie ttejiirett
he was successful, Tlis hummer i^ever
censed i'rnci t It at time till now. Ho
married; ttml children grew up aromiil
him, but iie set the in to work ns soon ns
they I !t the school, lie hsd not *.u idieo
aboiil his j>remises, he not only net r.H
example of constant and unremitting in
dustry, but in his frugal huhiis, in his
regular deportment, in h>s morn I anil
religious duties, he was a pattern to ail
” nu »» 'v ir PI ■ I s I • v : » t* • n.n V' u Hl'.i's III "
er negkeied hi'k siiop—never brake Jits
"promise—never cheated a ensUiin'er, end
Chr.i leu Clemens soon hail u puree full
ofUollars-—h cellar ftnl of bei f and e.
der—n house of his own, und two or
three handsome lot's around it
Giles on the other hand found hi*
! busintss declining, his old rustnirer*
! one al ter another dropped off; and ur
j may be supposed, lie saw them railing
upon hs teliow tradesman with not
; much of eoiitylacenej :—Still, however,
upon reviewing he was well assured
that in the Segregate Biuea Charles hud
set up for himself, the greatest part of
the business had come to the bid shop,
though now indeed the balance seemed
1 inclining fast to the new one. llotv roulil
i it be lliut he, with u smaller slid older
; family than Charles, should be. poor,
| while Clemens was growing rich?—it
was a mystery he roulil not unravel;
and lie resolved to watch him close.—
Aiglit after night us he rtturned from
the tavern lie saw a light over the way,
and heard the humbler ihut was charm
ing his customers from him, busy; and, *
again, its clink was heatd at the first
blush of day. lie reflected and observ
ed a iid relief it d—and at lust, appa
rently, Lig with some new idea or dis
covery, he potted dewn to the megis
irat-e—craved an nuther.ee—.aid infor
m’d that he hud egeertuioed beyond ail
controversy or doubt, liint Ciemcus nan
in the habit of coining spurious inetui
into dollars—this discovery wag, in
deed, on unraveiler, and he proved it
by an e.rgnntt nt draw u from the ciri um
siunee tb;.t ois rival worked at unsea
son.bie hours, in secrecy, alone, and
that lie had accumulated more than
wus possible to be accumulated hon
estly, from the business he did.
Ills honour smik d very good natur
edly, but sent for I bo oBender, & prorn
iscu that justice should be done him, if
the charge was ru.uiu out. Charles soon
appeared in his leather apron & check
til shirt: ‘If,’said he, iu answer to the
; urgumeul of his accuser, *1 have made a
living and laid up money, 1 owe it to
oilier means than those alleged While
1 have worked haul, a* my h-iitls attest,
t have spent but iitile as nil know—my
boys asilst me in (he shop, my girls
spin, anti my ujipre itice, becau-e 1 am
tiwnjs Will* Imii, corns me a round sum
every year, the accessaries of life are
few, uud we want no mure; thus 1 live;
and if you, Giles Overshoot, would
i cease to spend your yearly hundred at
i the aie house, and wuuitl earn your
! three hundred ul the hammer; if you
j would put out your children, or make
| them earn tbfeir living at huiiie; i. you
wontddoas much work as you eou, .
with us little expense as possible, and
then live Irugoify ninl sparingly, you
would deserve the appellation of Money
Oeioff us much ns I do.' Tue audi
ence tail 'bed liearuiy; Giles hung do-w u
his head; and the rival trodesineu
shook bauds before they parted.
MARKSMEN!!!
Thji subset iber having lately rebuilt the f
i owder Mill,
Formerly occupied liy Tuomas Preston
wisb.s lo infouti the public, (hat he has
now on hand a considerable quaulily of
genuine
GUN-POWDER,
which he will sell as low, as the same
quality cart he hud, tor cash.
Klein his extensive experience in the t
retinement of materials, rightly equal
izing the composition and a desire to
render ail iitingiuaty satisfaction, lie
hopes to merit the pairouage of a gen
erous public.
The above Powdrr is no more sold at
Mr. fiepier’s; but in plenty at Messrs.
Calhoun & Pal.oil’s, and good bargains
to Pediers and Merchants at the Ka sto
ry; uutl me subscriber's most sincere J
aekHuwlodgement of l.iberal patronage <
uf his fellow citizens.
Wm. MASTERSON,
Mill 6rove,
July doth, lsdd.-d-.3t
IT
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