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Herald of the valley. [volume] (Fincastle, Va.) 1820-1823, June 13, 1823, Image 1

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Vol. Ill
FINCASTLE, Va. FRIDAY JUNE 13, 1823.
>o i,X!X.
I
PUBLISHED BV
a, '5ya BSB'JSJSm
Thk HERALD OF THE VALLE j ,
WIM, BK PUBLISHED 'EVERY FRIDAY AT
TWO DOLLARS per annum.
No Subscription will be taken for
less than Six Months; and no I apek
WILL BE DISCONTINUED. UNTIL ALL AR
REARAGES ARE PAID. And A failure to
ORDER A DISCONTINUANCE, WILL BE CON
SIDERED AS HAVING ENGAGED FOR ONE O
A llEK. YEAR.
Advertisements
JXot exceeding a Square of printed matter,
msaindAkvee.times far
jvrTverp succeeding insertion ltccnty
Five Cents;
Advertisers will mark on their advertise
ments the number of times they wish them
inserted, or they trill be inserted unti.
forbid, and charged accordingly.
All Letters to the editor must be post paid.
SKrorSINHBIK.
Davidson & Lyle,
<Are now opening at their Store in the town
of Buchanan, an extensive assortment of
Dry Goods, Groceries
Hard-ware, Queensware,
Glass and Medicines,
Which they offer for sale, at very reduced
prices, for Cash or Country produce.
They will at all times keep on hand a
large supply of SALT, and,other heavey
articles, which will be sold on very accom
modating terms.
To their customers they will afford
every possible facility in desposiug of any
part of their Crops, which they may wish
to send to Richmond, and feel convinced,
that their knowledge of that market, will
enable them to secure the best prices for
any produce entrusted to their charge.
Buchanan, ,24th May, 1323 37 -it.
William JHasterson
Desires to return his most unfeigned
thanks; for an almost unprecedented en
couragement, from a generous publick;
flatters himself that if circumstances past
may be considered as an omen*for time to
come; he will reap a superb advantage
from its auspices, continues to manufacture
ftle very best GUNPOWDER in the Un
ion, sells the best bargains, and will be
prompt to the demands of distant gentle
men; his Powder is sold retail at Messers
Calhoun & Patton’s, Messrs. R. & H.
Kyle’s, and Mr. George IJepler’s, Fincas
de, wholesale & retail at the Factory.
Millgrove, Feb. i, 1823.
FOREIGN,
Extract of a letter from a correspondent,
dated Laguyra, ~th May,
“You will receive this per the Colum
bian armed 6f|ir. pen. Paez, Cupt. Chase.
On board of this .vessel go passengers, Se
nor Salazar, Minister from the Republic
of Colombia, and suite, to the government
of the United States; also Senor Palucio,
Consol General for tiie same government
to the United States, and a number of
youths belonging t the most respectable
families in tins count y, who are sent to
the United States for the benefit of their
education. It s ;i erely to be hoped
that 4hev may reap all the advantages I
which are to be obtaiitfed in the liberal in- I
«titutions of our beloved country, and that
*hey may return to their own animated
-with the love of true and virtuous liberty.
Dcjcat oj the Colombian Naval Forces in
front of Ffirto Cabcllo,
It is with heartfelt regret 1 have to in
form you tluit on the 1st imt. Com. Dan
iels was attacked by a 5is gun Spanish
t.hip, and and a 2a or 30 gun corvette,
which came from Havana, \iu Puerto Ri
co. *
Unfortunately for us, one of our gun
brigs, the Pechincha, ^ttlias, Moscjuito)
laid got on shore three dnvs befi/le, about
id league# toJeewar/l of Puerto Cavello,
tuid Cuu». Daniels had sent the corvette
jSohyar, and brig Vencedbr to her assis
tance, and remained himself with the two
corvette#, Carab'bbo (Sapphire) and Maria
I’rancisca, neither of which vessels had
their full complement of men or guns, nor
could they escape to join the rest ol'the!
fleet, (when victory would iinve been cer
tain) as limy were inclosed in a bay, and
the enemy having the weather gunge. Un
der all these disadvantages, ogf two cor
vettes mode a noble resistance,- and kept
up the engagement against the overwhel
ming Spanish force for one hmif and forty
minute*. when being reduced to complete
wrecks, and more than half of their crews
killed or wounded, they wyre obliged to
give up the fight.
During the action, Com. Daniels, ip the
Maria Francisca coivette, which had only
thirteen guns mounted, attempted three
different times to board the Spanish
six gun ship, which she avoided, by put
ting up board iug nettings, and making ma
ircwivrps to prevent being boarded.
A letter has been received bv the Inten
dant of this department from Commodore
DnniMs, who is a prisoner in Puerto Ca
vello, in which he says he was slightly']
wounded; but gives no fufther particu
lars. A letter w as also received by the In
tendant from the Spanish Governor ol
Puerto Cavelfo, in which he makvs ;•
profler of exchanging the prisoners taken
in the two corvettes, who, he says amount
in all to one hundred and fifty; now this
number is not one half of the original_
Vi-Jiat, then,*has become of about two hun
dred and thirty more, who were on board?
Certainly many must have been killed in
the action, and’ the others have undoubt
edly been murdered after their surrender.
They were dll English gnd Americans.
The Governor of.Puerto Cavello oilers
to exchange every one o-mu s>«nm-is,
who, he says. “»bi.u i>c treated w ith tiie
accustomed obnfeositv w hich character
ises the Spanish nation !! !■’
The ship Bolivar (Hercules) is no6 off
this port. The brig Pediinchawhich was
ashore has been gut offand put into Cura
coa in distress, accompanied by the brig
Vencedor.-’ fiV. T. Amrrlmn
LATEST FROM FRANCE.
New Yobk,June i?, halt past I o’clock.
—The ship OthbHo, Capt. Lambert, has
just got up. We have received Bordeaux
papers to the April .inclusive.—The
lateness ol’the hour prevents our procu
ring transitions firr this evening. The
honorable Mr. Forsyth came passenger in
the Othello, ftoin whom we learn that the
l rench army had entered Lygrono, on
their march to i’ampelunn. t The Luke
of Angoulepne had crossed tiie Ehro, on
his way to Madrid. The inhabitatitg a
bafidqnrd tlieir homes on the approach ot
the invaders, and no attempts had been
made to check their progress.
Her l>o_\al Highness the Duclwss of
Anaouleme had entered •Bordeaux. She
was received by the loyal subjects of King
Louis w ith the greatest enthusiasm.
Com. Adv.
»yu nave conversed with a very intelli
gent gentleman—who recently travelled
from Madrid to Paris and visited St. Se
bastian—on the general condition of af
fairs in Spain, to which his attention had
been directed. He mentions that, south
of the Ebro, the population appear to be
almost universally Qorutitutiouulists._
The lew and small bands of insurgents in
that quarter, consist chiefly of common
marauders, rather than of political malcon
tent*. North of the Ebro, in the provin
ces of Biscay, Navarre and Catalonia,—
the army of the Faith haS been recruited
?>' means of French gold which the low
er classes of inhabitants Were too poor and
wretched to resist. Circumstance* had
particularly impoverished and desolated
ihose provinces; and their proximity to
the French territory laid them open to the
bribes and intritrues of the French govern
ment and the Spanish refugees. But the
influence of the priesthood had not been
much exercised upon them, nor was it jn
any degree as powerful as it had been, in
any part of Spain. Much less is to be ap
prehended lor the constitutional cause
from this source, than ’lroip the want of
money and the materiel of war.
1 he garrison of St. Sebastian was com
posed of about .,ioo men, and comman
ded by O Donnel, a brother of the able
general of the same name.' The utmost
reliance isolated upon his* firmness and
the bravery oi bis troops; but St. Sebas
tian, being a lbrtrcss only of the second
Older, amt not in perfect repair, may be
tafceji by the French engineers.—General
Mina had under bint about twenty thou
sand regular troops, and ten or’ eleven
thousand tried tnilitia; all animated by the
best spirit. General Murillo hud invested
nearly his whole fortune m the funds'«>1
the Constitutional government, asapled-m
of hts sincerity; and further to obtain c m'
lideuce, Ind chosen as his s ■ •mn^ in com
mand, HwUmterns, whose :«al ami fidelity
were never doubted. The Count d’Abis
bal (CVDoiinel,1) Oeneral Ooiroga, and
others, conspitnum* lor their path tic ar*
dor and military talents, were im.h-fatiga
hly actiye, and vesclvcd ar, to obstinate re
sistance. All the member i oi the Cortes,
who amount to upwards of one hundred
ami fifty, and hold tin: most respectable1
personal characters, professed the same o
pinions and fvelings. None of .them con
sidered the occupation ol' Madrid by the
1 rench as at all likely to prove decisive ol'
' the contest. 'I’iiey calculated that the
British would not suffer the French to car
ry on any extensive murUime operations
[ against them.—These they particular!}
dreaded, as affecting the security of the
■ sH)uth of Spain. They did not expect to.
he obliged to Idnve Seville: but if so, the
retreat to Cadiz would be easy, and the as
ylum impregnable.
Our informant inferred from what he
siiw in the French provinces, and in Paris,
that the v>r and tile Bourbons were unpop
ular, tq use the Softest term.
ISat. Gaz.
r ROM RIO JANEIRO.
€apt. Sinali, of the brig Eliza Reilly,
lias favoured us with a Rio paper of the ..d
April—The only article of any interest
contained in it is the following decree of
the Brazilian Emperor, declaring the
blockade of Bahia.
jv ujuiockaik at tht-port of Baliia.
It being one of my most sacred duties,
as Constitutional Emperor and perpetual
defender of the Empire, to adopt all mea
sures authorised by the rights of nations to
secure the tranquillity of the State and re-,
pel force by force, and. it being well known
that the Portuguese troops committing
hostilities in this Empire, continue at Ba
hia, by keeping open the port of that city
I have thought proper to declare, and do
hereby declare the said port® to be rigor
ously blockaded, and do hereafter prohib
it the entry of abend every national or
foreign vessels, whether of war or in the
merchant service, while the Portuguese
troops remain there; and ail vessels in
fringing this, my Imperial Decree, shall
incur the penalty established in such cases
by the law of nations. Luiz da Ciinha
Moreira, my Counsellm of State, Minis
ter and Secretary of the Navy, is charged
with the execution of this Degree. Pal
ace of Rio Janeiro, g(;th March 1*33, se
cond year of independence and of thp
Empire.
IDS IMPERIAL MAJESTY.
I lie Eliza Reilltf has brought in two
Lamas (male and female,) of Peru, be
longing to a mercantile house in N. York,
whither tl;ey are to be gent.
Norfolk Iltrald
Prince Murat, son of the ex-king of Na
ples, and nephew of the late Napoleon, ar
rived at New York on Monday last in the
Hamburg sfiip Daphne.
DOMESTIC, .
We give 'die following account of the
great Match Hare, from the New York
American:
THE GREAT RACE.—The eventful
( contest for sporting supremacy has been
lie titled jo our favour, by tl;e unrivalled
powers of Eclipse. From the general in
terest felt in tins raee, we presume eve i
the minute particulars respecting it will
not bo unacceptable. The course w;,s j
crowded at an early hour, and briiire the
horses started it was computed that at j
least fifty thousand persons were assetn- •
hied; among whom were individuals Irom
every part of the union. The Ladies’
stand was 1}lied with beauty and fashion,
and among the Gentlemen were to be
found much of the talent, wealtii and re
spectability ol tho country. At. the a;:
l>ointed hour the horse:: .were brought t .
the sta ting post, and at thesiomul went of}
in high style, Henry taking l Hu lead, and
wrirmly pushed by Eclipse, who ran un
der the whip the whole distance, and was \
beat by about half a length. The Heat |
was run in the extraordinary short time of I
s> ven minutes and thirty-nine seconds, be-1
inc we believe, the fastest running on re- i
ford, except the performance of Childers. !
who ran tbs king course at New ..Market,
which is more than a quarter uwr (bur
miles, in seven minutes an 1 forty seconds*
There can be no mistake us to the time or
distance, the ground having b vn accurate
ly measured, mid the time taken by the
[lie-* watclicv. Eclipse was not rude by
Purdy the fust heat, or it is supposed I>y
many the result would hare been, very dif
ferent. At starting for the second hi at,
liqwever, the confidence of success hi our
horse w.is in a degree restored by seeing
him mounted by hi,s old rider, in whoin
there is as much faith here as in Virginia
is placed in the judgement of Colonel
Johnston. Henry again started ahead
and kept the lead until the termination of
the third round, when a push w. made
by Purdy, and Eclipse, for the fir* time,
brought along-side of his rival. This was
justly considered by the northern sports
men as decisive of the result; forthev have
sufficiently tested the fact, that u> horse
ran contend in strength and bottom with
Eclipse. The event verified the correctness
of their estimate; for, after a most severe
struggle, Eclipse gained the lead and came
in upwards of two lengths shead. While
however, the Soothefn horse was leading!
the most profound silence prevailed
throgghout the vast assembled multitude.
“There wgs stillness as of death,
And the boldest held their breath
For a time.”
uni W lieu eclipse snot a nead, such an uni
versal shout was sent forth, as made die
welkin ling.—1The time of it piling t| is
heat was seven minutes forty-nine seconds
which is also a shorter timetlianji""-- ' *
have ever before bee*',- ‘", l'°l,,,iry.
Iu ,k„- ..caf Eclipse to k the 1-ad
add kept it to the dose, heating by about
a length. The time was s minutes 24
seconds, fu this heat the rider of Henry
was also changed, and he was managed
with great skill, but without effect. The
average of the three heats is 7 minutes >r>
2-3 seconds, a rate, when continued tlirou’
three heats, to which, as as we can learn
there is no parallel in the sporting annuls
of this country or of Great Britain. The
space per second over which tha winning
horse in the first heat passed, must have
been 45 feet.
The perfect good humour, decora n and
mutual fbrebearance which marked the pro
ceedings of the day, could not but be grati
tying to all. The losers kept their temper;
the winners subdued their expressions of
triumph, and all united in admiration of
the speed and bottom of the two coursers
respecting the extent of which, in both
instances, no one, it appears, had formed
any thing like a just estimate. We give
from the Gazette, an account of the festi
vities with, which the day was concluded.
We also subjoined some memoranda, re
ceived from a friend, as to the performance
offamous English horses. [Anei icun.
Alter the race was concluded, a num
ber of the members of the Club and stran
gers, sat do ' n to an elegant dinner at the
Puvillkm, prepared by Mr, Niblo, of the
Bank Coflee House. The cloth being re
moved, the following volunteer toasts were
drunk.
By the President, Judge Van Ness_
Eclipse; Still the best courser of hisday.
R. Emmet—Henry; The best four year
old horse in the country.
Gen. Barnum—Our opponents of the
South; Gentlemen in prosperity and in
adversity.
<■!.% r» T evens— me better health
oi Urn. K Johnson, the trainer of a Ibur
year oKi to run a four mile heat in 7ui.
o i 9*
President-The North and the South;
what Cod has joined let no man put asun
der.
Air. Field—The spirit and emulation;
the liberality and magnanimity of our
rivals of the .North.
Mi. Kuhn—Tiie New \oik Association.
<-um. Rodgers—Pelip.se and his dam;
neither improvable by foreign crosses.
A. Ilosack—Southern pluck and Nor
thern bottom.
Air. \\ ycho, ol A a.—The state of New
Noik; unrivalled in her population and her
enterprise fur internal Improvement_so
tar victorious on the course.
(•on. Coles—.since wo good friends have
met lit re, let us dirin'c success to the turf,
ihe only means of pro,noting the- breed oi'
lint* horses.
S. Houe—Present perfection and future
promise,
I--1 o.liers praise the rising sun,
,, ^Ve worship that whose race is run.
ol. V an Ranst—The turf; may it eontin
ue to haw* its zealoas votaries.
-dr Purdy—Lclips;**, too fist for the
speedy, ami too strong for the stout.
, . oluntoer 1 he stale ol' Virginia; Am.
lotions ol being distinguished in all things
use in! to oar common country.
(.apt. liidgelty— i'l:e conqueror and
tin* conquered; Neither need praise
P. R. Livingston-']'!,., ladies who have
.lotion red the day: ‘1 lit*:r udspring the

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