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Herald of the valley. [volume] (Fincastle, Va.) 1820-1823, June 20, 1823, Image 1

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Vol. Ill F1NCASTLE, Va. FRIDAY JUNK 20, 1823 No 50.
• B»CT* St<9SlS9S$Ra
TWO DOLLARS per anm m.
No-Subscription will be taken for
Not exceeding a Square of printrd matter,
inserted Three times for one Dollar; and
for every succeeding insertion 'Twenty
Five Cents;
Advertisers will mark on their advertise
ments the number of times they wish them
inserted, or they will be inserted until
forbid, and charged accordingly.
All Letters to the editor must be post paid'*
William Maslerson
Desires to return his most unfeigned
thanks;, for an almost unprecedented en
couragement, from a generous publick;
flatters himself that if circumstances past
may be considered as an omen for time to
come; he will1 reap a superb advantage
from its auspices, continues to manufacture
the very best GUNPOWDER in the Un
ion, sells the best bargains, and will be
prompt to the demands of distant gentle
men; bis Powder is sold retail at Messers
Calhoun & Patton’s, Messrs. R. & il.
Kyle’s, and Mr. George Hepler's, Fincas
tle, wholesale & retail at the Factory.
Millgrov'e, Feb. 1,
Dr. John J. Moorman,
Having located liiinself at Pattonsburtr,
respectfully offers his professional services,
to the inhabitants of Botetourt and the ail
j oining counties.
He may at all times he found at his
office when not absent on the duties of his
June. 3th 1823.— :t.
From the subscriber on the oOth of May
wear Blacksburg a dark
Bay Horse
Six or Seven years old and has some white
spots on each foreshoulder. Any person
who will deliver said horse unto Giles
Thortias Montgomery County near the
head of Catawba, or give me information
concerning him by letter sent to Peters
burg Shall be reasonably rewarded.
June, 7 3t.
Of superior quality in Barrels and Bot
tles, which he will sell low for cash, or on
f credit to punctual customers.
Orders from a distance attended to
Lynchburg Brewery, June y.—4a _t.
ALL persons hnv ,ng claims against tlie
estate of AY illiam Gordon tlccM. late ol'
Clovenlale fn*nace, are requested to bring
them forward, that nirangements may be
made for their settlement.
i hose indebted are also requested to
make payment.
J. A. GORDON, Adm”r,
of Wm. GORDON, dec’d.
Botetourt, April j(U, ik2j. 4.itf.
E stray.
T aken up by the Suhsrriher, living on
the North side of James River, about Six
miles above l’attotisburg, on estrav
Sorrel Mare-CoJt,
Three years old, no natural marks_a
brand on th« right shoulder, but the letter
cannot be ascertained, about fourteen and
a half hands high, and appraised bv Cltol
hi IIill, George McCWkey, and ’John J.
Miller,.(three freeholders) to the sum of
Twenty-five Dollars
mmrod iiamet.
Mays-', 1823. 4:_atp.
Dr. Lewis Shanks
Has permanently settled himself in Sa
lem, ami tenders his services to the pub*
lie in the various brandies of his prolies
sinn. lie lias a .general supply ol Medi
cines for the accommodation of the pub
Salem, May 3P, 1823. 47—tf.
We copy llie following paragraphs from
the .Paris Mcniteur Universal:
Extract from the journal (fa French tra
veller, the (laii when King Ferdinand
lift Madrid.
March 20.—I arrived at nine in. the
morning with my heart pierced with grief;
I had seen the king quit the city with all
the royal family, without a single attempt
on the part of the teirified. inhabitants of
the capital to prevent it. It was precisely
eight o’clock when.Ferdinand felt his pal
ace borne in a chair to the ldac alley, (a
walk constructed w ithin the enclosure of
the palace, by Jose| h Bonhpartc)—he
was then awaited by his carriages. He
was taken secretly along through the outer
walks in order to reach the bridge of To
ledo. The king, pale, sad and depressed,
was in the first carriage with the young
queen, who w as in tears, and appeared in
the greatest consternation; the two Infants
with their families and the Infanta of Por
tugal, followed in three private carriages,
all apparently plunged in .deep distress.
Theie were six other carriages for persons
attached to tire court.
There were but ft w people on the side
where I was piaecd, but the most of the
witnesses of this sad scene, bade w ith sighs,
the most touching farewell to their sove
reign, anil J, though I urn not a native
Spaniard, could not restrain my tears, at
the misfortunes in reserve lor the royal
family, rgtd the apathy of the inhabitants
of Madrid. The King and his suite.(at
toe time i saw them) were escorted only
by a detachment of sagimta, (cavalry) a
bout forty men of the national guard on
horseback* and sixteen of the mountain
Chasseurs; but on the square of the con
stitution, there were from seven to eight
hum’.ed infantry, and. cavalry with two
pieces of cannon, who immediately, gain
ed the bridge ofToiedo to fain tin.escort
for the King.
On the bridge of Toledo the procession
was to be organized-great confusion pre
vailed. ry he crowding of carriages, the
adieus of severtd women whose husbands
formed the national guard, tire cries rtf'
liberty and independence,w Inch were made
by some madmen, deeply aflccted mv
At ten o'clock a great number of the
sho] s remained unopened, and many peo
ple would not believe the departure of the
King, but those who had no dnht that
this departure would he effected are pene
trated with the most intense grief. Some
shed hitter but unavailing tears, others re
proach themselves that yie inhabitants of
tue capital of the kingdom have so forsa
ken tiie king and ails family. The ,n th
of March w ill always be an inauspicious
day in the national history.
Tf hp niltr»!irvcc irC 4
excursion to Blaye amiPuudiae, on the 2d
of April, in the steam boat La (Iron -V.
U;t eiaoarcntjon at Bordeaux was witnes
sed by :i great crowd of the inhabitants,
nr. ! tin; name oi the boat was changed to
the Mur hi T/irrese. Two other steam
boats followed, one of which was filled with
a large party from the neighbourhood and !
the other with a band of musicians. The |
Maria 1 hereso had been fitted up fin the
occasion, and an officer of the.
tine was stationed at the helm,
nice over the fire place in the
the following inscription:
March I*1, 1814.
Montelimart, ’firth
Bidussoa, i' 2J.
The first of these, savs a Bordeaux pa
per, was sufficiently explained by an im
mortal crown; h double row of laurels sur
mounted the second; and about the third
"as a jmfin on an olive branch—indicating
that victory is to procure a peace.
Nut. Ado.
■ royal ma
The cor
cahit) bore
At Curnno, Milan* was encountered by
a body of the Spanish Constitutionalists.—
After a short but smart engagement, in
which the Spaniards suflercd severely,
they were put to the route. Two hun
dred of them were taken prisoners, who
immediately after made an offer to enlist
, into the French army, which was accen
! u',L
Pabis, April 22.—I>v a telegraphic dis
j patch received from Bayonne. ilie 2tst A
pril, it is announced that the French army
found .H pieces <>f cannon at Paricorvo,
with bonil.'s and hall, The head-quarters
v.ere at \ ittoria where his i’oyalllightiesa
the Duke was rcceiu'd with enthusiasm.
On Sunday evening the Duke de Bellu
no held a Council of .Ministers at the War
'1 he Spanish prisoners who were order
ed to Toulouse have received counter or
ders; they are now to be marched toPer
Letters from Trim state, that the Offi
cers of the regiments in that town, and
who are ordered to join the army, are to
be armed with muskets, as in tl»e last war.
J lie toads are already infested with Gue
rillas, w bo are most audacious, even at a
short distance from the army.
'File Duke has ordered that no soldier
shall attempt to join the army alone; they
must go in a body, for fear of being pick
ed off by the Guerillas. •
According to the Bulletin of yesterday,
the head quarters appear to be at Vittoria;
hence, the army has advanced forty leagues
into Spain.—L'Etoile.
PKRrie.NAN, April 12.—The insurgents,
who occupied Murviedro, had received an
express, announcing that Mina had sent
proclamations to Ifepoll, which .were re
ceived with the greatest enthusiasm. Mi
na announces that the French would be a
ble to enter Catalonia; he therefore ex
horts the Cata lonians to be firm, and ns
SlirPS tit •it if* fltm- t'orooill urtitod
will be victorious.
There is no movement among the French
troops which indicates a speedy entry into
i lie opening of the Session of the Cor
tes. is not to take place at Seville until the
23 d.
Quirogn, who commands in Gaiacia,
frnrlul no doubt, of the spirit of the pojTu
iali >n, has ordered all arms, &c. to be de
livered up into the hands of the immici
pni.ties under pain of the severest punish
ment.—Journal dc Toulouse.
New York, June r>.—We learn bv the
Diana, that a revolution broke out at Para,
(Brazil,Jl on the l-lth of April, headed by
the troops; and opposed by the people,
i here had been some fighting, and a num
ber bad been killed on both sides, inclu
ding a general officer. The place was
quiet when the Diana sailed, but, the peo
ple were dissatisfied, and further bloodshed
was expected. '1 he principal officers and
citizens were fleeing from the plaee.-Those
on board the Dftinn, left there in conse
quence of the troubles.—Mer. Adv.
•Gibraltar, April ft.—Extract of a
1 pn\ate letter from \ aleucia, dated April
1 Dur danger is not ever, and we pass
the nights in- the open air, on the line-wall,
j To-day or to-morrow, we shall strike a
, groat blow. Our militia performs prodi
gi.’s ( i \alc,r. YY e feel all the confidence
t u t m ; i y inspires. God will protect us.
t\ o v. »h tor the arrival of the French,
"b n \,e shall form into guerillas, and
‘i.:k them pay dear for their rashness.—
At tue same time the Revolution in France
itself will arrive at its matin ity.
In meiifionimr the
General Monllo li;ul spontaneously njv
pointedlien Ball - taros his second in coin-1
mund, ae- omitted, a cidentullv,the phrase
—ut the epoch of the ; tii July last,
when the royal guards attacked .Vlad rid.
Ballesteros nowli 1 s i sap;irate* command.
ri’he arrangement of the Spanish forces i-.
<is follows. (St corps—that ol fdinct9 in
Catalonia, called the army of Operation.
-d corps—that ol Ballesteros, in Aragon,
called also an array of Operation._:,<!
corps—that of Count del Alisbului Curdle 1
called an array ol'Reserve, -.’th corps_
ihat of Morrillo, in Guliieia, the sane.
1 hese several corps comprise, together,
about seventy thousand men; as ninny a-,
the French troops who were to enter Spain
—Imt though they consisted t hielly dire-T
gulars and good militia, their number of
raw recruits was larger in proportion than
that in the French Army.
June • - B_s the Harriet Newell,captain
Fenton, from Lagipra, we received anum
ber ol the Cairucas l.l Cuioinbiano, Irom
whit h we have made some cgtiucts.
Coin. Daniels and bis officers arrived at
Laguia, a lew days preiious m the sailing
of ('apt. Fenton. 1 hev hud been dis
missed on parole, and not exchanged, as
reported yesterday under the .Norfolk head.
'Ve recommend the following letter to
the particular attention ot ou. .< .ic'cr.
This destructive inst. t is pi«.page.ted
from the eggs of the fly deposited on i!,e
grains of wheat when ripening; the truth
of which I learned from actual obs .vations
1 he fly may be seen by thernidd . 1 June
wit! from that time till wheat is cut, living
a'uut and lighting upon the wheat. It oe^
posits its eggs upon the outer end of the
pram where they may heseen with a good
microscope or optic glass; sometimes to
the number of six or seven onn grain
They remain there till the grain issown.
1 he warmth necessary to produce vegeta
tion is sufficient to animate the insect? It
bursts ist shell and enters the shoot, where
it lies m a torpid state till the next spring
except m some instances, when wheat is
sown early.—- ! he fly commences its rava
ges in the Fall.—\\ hen this is discovered,
the best method is to turn sheep upon it
ami pasture it short either m the lull or in
the winter* '
1 he moat effectual way to checlc the
propagation, is. m preparing the seed be
fore sown, which should be in the following
manner:—Put y0Ur seed into a hogshead
tub or vat, and cover it w ith water; let it
stand 10 or v> hours; then put off the wa
Ur, put the wheat ufion a bam boor and
sprinkle bine over it, aud with a sh-oof
mix it till it is well covered with lime Let
ft remain in that state about twemy-four
hours and ti.e egg, will be destroyed with
out any injury to t!ie seed.
The following brief sketch of the obser
vat,ons which kd to the discove* Sfe
mentioned is given, that all who wish to
be sate lied ot the truth of it ,„ay
occulur demonstration of the b„.t i.......
'mm reive rne trouble.
- \tn viewing sevi*rttl
grams of wheat m a microscope somerhini
resembling the eggs of insects was ob!en _
ed upon them; 2 grams were selected with
those appearance; they were put Unon
so.ne raw cotton and a little earth a tin,
bloi of water, and observed every day and
on the day the gram opened andjmt forth
its tender fibre, the insect, hurst from its
shell and was not to he seen 1
Ten days alter .> of the grains
roots and blades were taken from the r;b«
•ndrf,lly wuniued. 1„ „«e
11,0 wtro lound. 'i i.c ot), ,n
■named, and overspread the top of the XU*
I hey were preserved till spring, wheif 0n
examination of them, tvei v $ n ij
msect in it, some and one had"! ’**
Ivveuty otiier grains were selected n,„l
the lime applied for t hours. It wasrW n
washed, and the colour of the ^ «
d.anged, and being put into a gfe* g?
manner as t.ie otner, the wheat grew !■ ,t
the eggs did not produce. The L
"Tf “ »"<>U
o wheat limed as above, produced a „■ ,, ,[
nop, weile the neighbouring fields snared
materially, and some wore
destroyed by the lly.
OJ llu,h County, t< nnsylvania.
.COM K LX IC A T i: D.
A gentleman from Lunenburg county,
men to Wls
tioa (hat it fc* ^
y '.as, in the neighbourhood hi
** ® ■ t’>l><uture tktir wheat .»• the ,-1
p<»e destroying the ih, lan F,‘>:ai„i
tl,at t,*-.v hl‘d it answers the . rr.<
}fm!c‘!‘ ,{ lien P‘*a*-.‘ico was ‘ „ trod... id
lu re wy Dr.ptgll ::l,lreil:t,whopasI
h* wheat as Into as the n.i.i |e 6| A ,-i
Mift'ii h the animal used us they erm/cio.
ser than any other. 1
Anexpeiiment was made some years
a-: > in tins country, by two or three ,.er
•o">, v.lm pastured their wheat, believiug
it to beucstioyed by the Fly, hut i: ti;e
. j.img supposing that the wheat, iron, its
appearance, might come to sum* thing,
tln.y dm not plough it down as they bad
m:t n ed, and r« aped about as good a ciop
s (lie) would ha\e exj ectcd n their wheat
bad in t been injured by the fly, not
been pastured. But the prac tice was not
pursued. Would it not be wel'ii.r our far
mers generally to make the experiment
next 1m . i.i! un 1
eli on one small
do <1 or Lt? Our climate and soil may di£
lei so miu h lroni Fuuei bnrg, that-a j rac
uce which would succeed there, would not
-e uselul here; hut the exp< rimeut is cer
n.mh w itlt making especially as jt has
• u cetdedin some instarcs e\en among
oursva es. Ilaqwr's Ferry jjqjicv.

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