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Alexandria gazette & daily advertiser. [volume] (Alexandria [Va.]) 1817-1822, July 17, 1818, Image 2

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From a late l/tndon paper.
Of hie when the Greenland-bound ships
had set sjil.
And the shot at Lord W elhngton happened
to fail, .
A strange dearth of topics began to pre
vail *
No subject was offered to interest fashion.
No touching new Mania or whimsical pas
sion— .
The prince had exhausted his patterns ot
dres«, „ .
And Lord Byron’s fourth canto was still in
the press; . ,,,.
While the world look’d and languish din
silent attention.
Some clever soul hit on a famous inven
tion-^ . .
’Tis a tube made ot brass, pewter, copper
or tin, ,. ,
With a bole at one end of it, where you
look in, ,
And sou—gracious Heavens . you see- sue..
Should 1 try to describe it, ’twould take me
all wight ;
The exquisite figures and colours you can
see -
No painter can copy, no poet can fancy ;
You see—what must all you v c belore seen
You see—some small old broken pieces *>j
glass. . , ,
Need 1 tell you, indeed, that with such
.c0 lovely a bauble has caused a sensation—
1 doubt" whether Bilboquet, monarch .ot
Or the°"dcvil himself ever made such a
'Tis the favourite plaything of school*boy
ami sage, , . f
Of the baby in arms, and the baby of age,
Of the grandnm whose sight is at best pro
blematical, . , ,
And the soph who explains it by ru e ma
thematical, . , ,
Of the saint who in vain tries to laugh at
anJinockit, . .
Yet, ten to one, carries a brace in bis i • ck
All are bit in their turn, from the belles
who have borne it,
Tam told to the op’ra, instead of a lor
To the cripple who makes them,“so pretty
and cheap,” ,,
And hawks them about at a“penny a peep.
yuch indeed is the rage for them, chapel or
church in,
Y"ou see them about you, and each little
Finding a sixpence, with transport beside
his hone, ,
Runs to the tinman, and makes a Kaleido
__j-v rm
The rage for that most entertaining and
ingenious instrument, the Kaleidoscope, is
becoming so universal, that it is thought
that Dr. Brewster would have made an im
mense fortune by this fashionable toy, if he
had used more precaution in bringing it
forward. It is, however, doubted, whether
he could have maintained his claim to the
originality of the invention, though it is
believed, from the known integrity ot his
character, that he certainly thought the in
vention original. A London paper says,
that a volume printed in 1710, describes
th's machine literally, and gives a plate
by which any person might make it. The
• Book is entitled “ New Improvement of
planting and gardening, by Richrad Brad
ley, F. R. S.” It was recommended ty be
applied to the improvement of the figures
to garden plants and flower beds, then
There is at present scarcely a family in
Liverpool in which you may not find a ka
leidoscopc, and in London, Rath, kc. we
are told, they are still more universal.
[Liverpool paper.
The following petition from a female
convict under sentence of death in New
gate, London, to the Prince Regent, is a
simple, beautiful and affecting composition.
It also contains an expression of feeling,
and reference to facts which may be pro
ductive &f good, but cannot possibly by
any perversion, bring forth evil.
To his Royal Highness the Trince Regent,
4-c. the most humble petition of
“ Sbeweth—that at an age w hen judg
ment was imperfect, and seduction strong,
she was drawn from her father's bou e by
the artifices of a villain.
“ That degraded by her crime in the es
timation of her family, when the hour of re
pentance came, no friendly door invited
her return.
*• That her dependance on her seducer
was increased, while his attention to her
abated, and that in a distracted hour she
purchased the continuance of his protection
by a breach of the law.
“ That her life must be forfeited for her
orime,, unless the contrition which she hopes
has appeased her God, may obtain for hei
the compassion of her Prince—And that
she is not now more solicitous for life, than
her prayers shall ever be devout for the
generous author of her pardon.”
[London paper.
Mr. Snowdejt,
On reading a critique in your paper of
this morning, on the 4th canto of Childe
Harold, I was struck with a sentence which
comprehends the essence of the turgid, or
bombast style. The writer says,
‘ The dedication to Mr. Hobhouse. shows
‘ that his bosom, [Lord Byron sj however
’ obscured with clouds it may be, when Ins
« own fate isdhe guest, blazes with no vul
* gar lustre^ when thrown open fur the re
‘ ception ot a friend.'
In this sentence we have a perfect glitter
of figure : first, there is a bosom obscured
by clouds—without a pun, a very cloudy ]
metaphor ; then, “ fate is the guest oi that
bosom”—an admirable touch ot the figure
called prosopopoeia ; “ vulgar lustre,” is
but a vulgar figure; lastly, this bosom h
thrown open for Mr. Hobhouse. his friend,
who enters (not through the clouds, which
are now converted, by a broken metaphor,
into folding doors) and takes his seat by
the side of the of Byron, amidst the
Why this outdoes even orator Phillips—
nay, it excels the example given by Marli
„us Scriblerus, in bis “Art of sinking in po
Clry,” of a true genius, who if he looks up
on a tempest, he shall have an image of a
troubled bed, and describe a succeeding
calm in this manner :
• The ocean, joy’d to see the tempest fled,
‘ New lays Bis waves, and smooths his rut
fled bed.’
Were the old classical writers—Addison,
Swift, Sir Win. Temple, Goldsmith, and o
thers_more read, we should not meet with
so many sins against good taste, as are to
he perceived in the paragraphists of the
July It', 1818.
The system of morals which all nations
and governments have taken pains to incul
cate, is included in practical philosophy,
and is not speculative, since the violation
of its rules is a matter that interests society
and every member of the body politic. If
it be merely theoretical, the infringement
of its precepts would not affect mankind:
no temporal tribunal hath, or can have
jurisdiction over the private opinion of any
" The distinction between moral good
and evil.” says an author on morals, “ is
not derived from reason, but from a moral
sense.” It is not necessary to examine this
distinction on the presnet occasion; suffice
jt to say, that conscience is a more active
principle, which establishes permanent,
eternal measures of right and wrong, which
are obligatory on all men. It men were to
conform their actions and conduct to the
advice of this monitor, they would abstain
from the commission of every species of
vice and immorality. It would Iw consi
dered a violation of honor, principle and
honesty, to defraud a man of his property
—to slander and calumniate his character
—to rob him of his money under pretext of
an equal hazard. Such conduct is incon
sistent wit!: moral rectitude and integrity.
It is the motive which renders Ihc act cen
surable or laudable ; the action it«ell is only
the sign of the principle which produced it.
If anyone would be judged by this rule
and plead in extenuation of his conduct.
that his motive was noi criminal, iei mm
remember that it is a just rule ol construc
tion. that the moftve or intention can only
be discovered by the overt act. There arc
only two sources of information whence all
our knowledge is derived—sensation and
reflection. When any act is disagreeable
or repugnant to our feelings, and con
science condemns it ; also, when on reflec
tion, reason reproves an action, we may
immediately pronounce that action vicious
I or immoral—and thence our duty demands
an amendment of our conduct. A ice con
sists in the violation of moral, temporal,
and divine law ; in like manner virtue con
sists in a conformity to these sanctions.—
The definition of law is sanctio juste, ju
benus honesta et prohibens contraria, “ a
just sanction commanding what is right,
and prohibiting what is wrong.” Again,
we see in 1st Faublanque—“ It is plain,
law is a moral science, since the end of all
law is justice; and justice, in its most ex
tensive signification, differs little from vir
tue itself: the common distinction between
: them is, that the same, when considered
I positively and in itself, is called virtue ;
j when considered relatively, and with re
i gard to others, is called justice.”
j Nature hath endowed man with reason
| and conscience. He owes the sovereign of
: the universe a natural allegiance for this
| ings he hath bestowed upon him.—lie is
j bound then to be a faithful and obedient
subject; to observe his holy law, which
will make him moral and religious.
Religion being the basis on which is
founded the mast permanent and complete
system of ethics, it has been the wise po
licy of most governments to diffuse the gas
pel, iu oder to promote the happiness of
mankind in the world to come. It is to be
hoped that superstition, bigotry and fana
ticism will yield to the dictates of reason
and conscience, corrected by divine law.
' The connexion between religion and mo
rality is such, that some mistake the one
for the other, and think themselves pious
if they be merely moral. This is a terrible
error, which may be easily corrected by
an appeal to the heart, conscience, and
our Hod. The line of demarcation is plain
and evident. Religion includes the whole
circle of morals; morality cannot include
religion; the lesser cannot include the
greater. The science which teaches the
duty of this life, is as distinct from that
which prepares us for the life to come, as
the soul is from the body. Religion then (
is the chief bond of civil society—the tie j
which binds man to man, and to his (Jod, ,
and engages him as a good and obedient
subject to the performance of his duties to
the temporal and divine government— i
teaches his responsibility as a moral and j
free agent to his Maker and to the consti
tuted authority—and informs him of the
danger of infringing its laws, by the pu- i
nishment which follows as a necessary (
consequence. i
The logic of the moralist ought to go to .
prove the importance and necessity of reli- j
gion. If he can do this, he has taken the
most effectual means of attaining his end. !
■ > » < , n, r_ j. /■•..t- o 1
tfijHrKCfs ui ik. 4/ugv t**. -
American produce dull ; coffee, none in •
market; sugar, G 50, per 100 lbs.
Petersburg, JuJyl.
We. understand that at Nottoway court
house on Thursday last, it being court-day,
a rencontre took place between Dr. Baron,
son of Major Bacon, and Dr. John S. Har
daway, in which each parly used the dirk.
Dr. Hardaway was mortally wounded, and |
expired on Saturday. Doctor Bacon was j
wounded in three places, hut his wounds j
are not considered fatal. We are not in
formed of the particular's of this rencontre.
Charleston, July 10.
Wc continue to receive the most dis
tressing accounts of the great drought i
which pervades throughout this and the
neighboring states. The cotton crops are
nearly one half destroyed, and grain ot
every description perishing for the want of
rain. The largest reservoirs in our low
country are entirely exhausted, and it is
with great difficulty that a sufficiency of
water Is procured upon the most extensive
plantations, to relieve the cattle which
wander in search of it. In one of the up
per sections of the state of Georgia, not a
drop of rain has fallen from the heavens
for thirty-nine days, and the dews were so
light and moderate as to afford hut slight
relief to the dejected hopes of the planter.
The high price of cotton during the last
year, unexampled we believe in the history
of our commerce, has induced many rich
and opulent planters to devote themselves
almost exclusively to the cultivation of so
lucrative a crop—and fears were entertain
ed that even with the best of seasons, the
grain harvest would have fallen far short of
the quantity necessary lor our consumption.
It is painful to contemplate the distresses
to which our unfavorable seasons will, in
all probability, reduce many poor but in
dustrious families, who, with hut scanty
resources, will be necessitated to pa) the j
most exorbitant prices for the simplest and j
most indispensable necessaries of life.
i limes. j
On Saturday last was taken up in this ,
place and committed to prison, two men—
one l.y the name of Thomas Rogers, ant! j
(he other John AFIntosh, alias Price, for ,
passing counterfeit money of the Potomac
bank, signed John Porter, president, and (
J. White, cashier—and sixty-seven ten ;
dollar bills of the Bank of the State of N. ,
York, payable at New-York, James Pat- j
terson, president, and J. Burton, cashier
—and seventeen two dollar bills of the State
Bank of North-Carolina. They passed
one fifty dollar bill of the Potomac Bank,
and one ten dollar bill of the Bank of the
State of New-York. The remainder were
found in their possession at the time and
place w hen taken. The whole of the said
bills are believed to be forgeries.
[Augusta Herald, July 3.
From the Savannah Republican of July 7.
The Venezuelan private armed schr.
Carony, William Saunders, master, arri
ved at this port on Sunday evening last.— •
The Carony was bound to New-York,but i
on Thursday last in lat. 30, 08, Ion. 78,30, I
she fell in with a Spanish sloop of war, by •
whom she was much crippled : but by great
exertion and swift sailing made her escape,
as will appear by the following extract
from her log book—
“ On the 2d inst. fell in with a brig much
the appearance ol a cruizer—when she im- j
mediately bore down upon us with the
Buenos Ayrean colors flying. We hoisted j
our ensign—the brig hauled down the B.
A. flag and hoisted the Spanish royal flag o-1
Spain, and commenced a heavy fiie—her
crew at the same time giving three cheers.
The brig then kept away under our stern
and fired a broadside into us, which cut
away our rigging and injured our sails very
much. The brig then dropped on our lec
quarter, when we took the opportunity and
made every exertion to get clear ol her,
whicli was done, by getting out sweeps, set
ting the square sail and all other sails that
were manageable ; the main baulyards
being cut away and the mainsail down at
the time Alter repairing the baulyards so
as to set the mainsail and gaff topsail, found
we left the brig fast—‘lie dropping to lee
ward—At half past 7 o’clock her shot f< II
short of us. At B P. M. she gave up the
chase and tacked to the southward. At day
light discovered that three of the shrouds
with the 'ib and main stay were shot aw ay,
and standing rigging literally cut to pieces,
03 well as the sails—having over dOO shot
holes in them—one shot in the hull between
wind and water, and several above board.”
The Carony has put into this port to re
pair damages.
From the Charleston City Gazette ofJu’y 7.
By the schooner Sector, arriv ed on Sun
day, from the Island of Trinidad, we r*
reived the papers of that place to the 18th
The American “ Act. eoncrrniiz .Vur/
ration," was officially promulgated by the
Governor of that Colony, on the i lth ult.
for general information, it having b<*en for
warded to him bv the Minister of His Bri
tannic .Majesty in me l nife‘1 Mates.
A letter from the Brigadier General De
Li Torre, to Don Pablo Murillo, is pub
lished in a Trinidad paper ol theGth ult.
in which hn states, that he defeated the
vawruard of the Patriot army, commanded
hv General Paez, at Cnmoroco.on the 2d
of May, on its marrh towards St. Carlos.—
The loss of the Patriots is stated at one
thousand, and that of the Royalists at one
hundred, killed and wounded. General
Paez i4 said to have been shot through the
body, and General De La Torre fas
From the name of July 9.
By Captain Snow, of the brig Alert, Ar
rived on Tuesday evening, in 9 days from
Havana, we learn, that about three days
before he sailed, two small American sthrs.
of about sixty tons each, arrived there from
Pensacola, having on board some officers,
soldiers, &.c. part of the late Spanish gar
rison at that post. Three other vessels
sailed in company with them, and were
daily expected at Havana.
The intelligence of the capture of Pen
sacola by the American forces, had exci
ted no little commotion at Havana. A
Council had been called, and it was re
ported had determined on seizing on rdl A
merican vessels and property ; but the Go
vernor w as opposed to the exPCiiti'An of so
harsh and decisive a measure. Another
Council was to he convened, when it was
supposed something definitive would be
determined upon. Under this impression,
we understand, the consignee of tne Alert
hurried her off.
Such was the exasperation among the
lower classes of people, at the almvc n*o**.
that the Americans in port were afraid to
remain on shore afjer night-fall
Two or three .Spanish ships, under con
voy of a British frigate, arrived at H ;va
ns from Vera Cruz a short time previous
to the Alert’s sailing, with Specie.
The fever was prevalent at Havana—the
inhabitants on shore suffering m vre severe
ly than the seafaring people on ship-board.
The mate of a Baltimore schooner has
drawn the high prize of 2U,CU0 dollars in
a late Havana lottery.
Markets were generally dull ; Rice and
Flour maintained tolerable prices.
From the Literary Journal of May 10,
Received at the office of the N. \ . Com
mercial Advertiser.
Review of a Journal of a visit to South Af
rica, in 1815 and 18IG; with some ac
count of the Missionary Settlement of the
United Brethren. Bv the Rev. G'. J. La
trobe—London, 4to. 18l8.
The volume before us is a handsome hook
and contains a map oi the southern division
of the Cape of Good Hope colony, with 16
plates, (chiefly colored) from drawings ta
ken on the spot, and which form hteresting i
illustration?. .Mr. Latrobe is a preacher a- i
mongst the Moravians, or United Breth
ren, a zealous assistant in, and conductor of
their extensive missions, and unites the rare
qualities of a gentleman, a cheerful com
panion, abounding in original humour, with
the sterling merits of a truly pious charac
ter, and a mind refined and accomplished.
As a very superior composer an 1 performer
ofsjcreu music, Mr. Latrobe is also welt
known to the public. That an individual
so enlightened should hate been fixed upon
for investigatingthe country near'.he Cape,
for the purpose of choosing a new situation
to establish a settlement, as w ell as for ar
ranging some business with the governor,
can excite no surprise*. The result lias been
very satisfactory to the interests of the mis
sion, and has presented us with this volume
of interesting observations. Our limits pre
clude us from minutely following Mr. L.a
trohe’s narrative ; but the general outline of
his voyage and journey we shall state, omit
ting those parts which particularly refer to
his religious and political opinions. Of the
latter it is, however, proper to remark, that
they are strictly British.
On the first of October, 1816, Mr. La
trobe sailed Irotn Gravesend; and he gives
us many reflections that occuaip the mind
of a landsman on hiq finding hnHelf encom
passed by a new element:—
“ On the 9th of November, a slioal of por
poises surrounded the ship, and aiqused us
much by their playfulness, and the aston
ishing swiftness of their motions. They
are said to be the forerunners of a storm.—
* * * The waves frequently hrokeoverthe
fore part of the ship, and sometimes even
approached us, as we sat on the quarter
deck. Forabove two hours the moon shone
bright, every now and then seeming to step
behind some dark swift flying cloud, ana
to come forth again w ill. red* tiled lustre.
The forming edgp« of the wav. s appear, at
a distance, like long lines of phosphoric
light, chasing each oilier: and w henever a
wave dashes over the decks, the sparks it
contains runs with the water to ansi fro. a«
the ship rolls from side to side. On the lad,
flying fish made their first appearance, a:.V/
on that account it was hoped that dolphins
were not far < lT;we prepared with great
eagerne*-* of expectaiion to revenge the
cause of these defenceless creatures, by ?.n
<ttac'- hi ilie pursuers: but in vain,forimr*
approached the ship. Outlie 18th,a shod
•I bonettas played about the ship ; and in
the afternoon a large turtle was observed
.deep, floating close to the ship. On the
21 st, the Inland of Madeira appeared t.ir to
the westward. 2 Uh, at day-break, land
was discovered to the southeast, being the
Salvages, considered as belonging to the
Madeira Islands, and uninhabited. On the
2iitli, Teneride, with its peak, showed it
self ; 'itI t we passed close to Paluia. 0B
the 6tli, at d .y-l>ie.,k, land was seen; i»
w as Sal, one ot the C.'pe de A erd Island.
In the evening some flying fish fellon hoard:
their I odies are shaped somewhat like a
herring. w ith large eyes; their wings, or
flying tins, reach nearly to their tails, and
s' read 3 inches; but when dry, they can
no longer support the ii«h above the water.
After morning service the Island of Boiu
vista was in sight, (illi—This morning «<•
h id a pleasing exhibition of the wondertV
swiftness and agility of a host of Lottle-n* •
ged porpoises. For half an hour tbevntoy.
rd and frisked about the ship’s bows, leap,
ingout of the water, pursuing each other,
I tumbling head over tail, and performing :1|
! kinds of tricks. On the Bill, a considerable
| storm took place, a wave broke two of the
•cabin windows, and overstreamed allta
i , . ........... .t .. i... '
locker*. In ti e evening, a haul, pcrelio i
on the foreyard, an i was taken : she was a
beautiful bird. I protested against her dc -
struction,as contrary to all roles m hospitaii
ty, hut could not save her. On the !7ih,
we caught a fish ; i? wasanalbicore.uidliad
a dying fish in i;s stomach : its length was
tw o feet, its color dark greed w ith darker
stripes, and s^its on the back ; its belly is
of the most brilliant mother-of-pearl, its
mouth small, the body narrow acre-s the
back, and the belly stoning oft toaninrh
and a half at the root of the tail : the latter
is vertical and forked. It had six fins; two
on the breast, one on each side, and two ,
dorsal fins, from which, to the root of th«
tail, six small triangular fins were placed ia
a row . On the 18t!i we crossed the line,
when the usual ceremonies took place.—
Nnptune and his wife appeared in the per
sons of the black yarpenter and second
mate. On the 3d of December, a species
of that curious animal, called by some, tie.
Portuguese man of war, was thrown by a
wave into the main chain, and brought on
deck for our in-pection. It scorn* i to he a
young one : its body only three inches long,
and shaped like that of a snail, quite trans
parent, of a light cerulian blue, pas-jug
into green towards the head, w hich had a
crest like a fan, also transparent and tinged
w ith purple at the top. A number of an
tenna: of a deep blue color proceeded from
the body, and ;• tail from three to four feet
long, looking like a string of small blue
beads. On examining it, Mr. Puck hap
pened to prick its body with a sharp point
oi a penknife ; it instantly shrunk together
and almost vanished, nothing but a small
pulpy substance remaining. On the 5th we
were visited by various kinds of water fowl,
Troe pigeons, Mother Carey’s chickens,
and several hiids, with long beaks, un
know n to us ; in general we have lately ap
peared as if we were quite alone, swim
ming in this vast wean, not a creature ap
proaching u«. On the 11th, a small spe
cies of catfish was thrown on board ; and
on the 15th the captain shot two albatros
ses. This is a magnificent bird; it is of the
purest white, covered with a most beauti
ful downy plumage. A small pretty bird,
called the Cape pigeon, also came ou board.
About noon, lor several hours, when the
heavens were remarkably cloudless, but
the air filled with a reddish haze, the sun
w as surrounded by a very large perihelion,
in appearance about ten diameters from its
orb: toward* the east it* brightness was co
great that it faintly showed prismatic co
lors. On the 16th the air and water seem
ed filled with all kinds of birds flying or
sw imming, and a sliaik was seen scudding
along on some murderous errand. On the
at.i .i._.i — -1- ... r .._
dulness by calling out ‘land!’ It was the
Table mountain ; we were exceedingly de
lighted with the view before us. On tli*:
21th a breeze sprung up. and we sailed for
wards; a grampus follow-d us and nume
rous large pulls. Cape-town presents it
self at the foot of the Table mountain: the
company landed, and were comfortably
situated in the Graave Straat.—After viiii
ner wg walked to see the town, and enter
ed the governor’s, late the Company’s gar
dens. The avenues are planted with oak
of luxuriant foliage, skirted on each side
with hedges of myrtle. Within a rtor
fence, several ostriches and other birds, an I
in separate buildings a lion. lione*s, and
tiger are kept. The variety of faces, com
plex i >ns, and dresses, seen amonsst the-'
people, is striking. The greatest part at.
black or tawny. Not many Hottentots.—
Many are Mahometans ; but there appear;
little religious animosity amongst them.—
As to the Christian inhabitants; the Lnj
lish, Dutch Calvinist*, and Lutherans pos
sess the churches. There are some virt*
yards; the vines grow without espalier*,
placed in rods, like current-hushes in nut
gardens. Fences of the large aloe, andoi
cactus, or Indian fig, are common. Pasvi..*
through the premisesof Mr. Zorn, we ct
served a fine mongoose, or mansehund, from
•lava, a species of viverra.—It wasabt auli
ful creature, about a foot long with a slurp
snout; the body is richly clothed with tin*'
lung hair; its color is a dark olive.”
On leaving Capetown, Mr. Lnlrrdw‘<
party had four waggons ; the first drawn by
twelve, and the second by fourteen bul
locks. We r.-gret our inability toettlKl
much useful and interesting infor.uatKjn
concerning the method of travelling, «n t
the natural productions, both vegetable tut •
mineral, they met with. In a thicket tky
saw a snake, hastening with a young Irotf
entangled in its coils ; but its swiftness wo*
such, that with all their exertion to de»tn<* .
it, they only rescued the captive ; and
Brother Schmitt pointed out a place where,

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