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Alexandria gazette & daily advertiser. (Alexandria [Va.]) 1817-1822, July 19, 1819, Image 2

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gazette
AND
Alexandria Daily Advertiser,
PUBLISHED BY
SAM lTEL SNOWDEN,
royal-street._
Daily Garelte, 7 dotIs...Country, 5 dolls.
SMY 19, 1819.
- • "" -
From the St. Louis Enquirer.
MILITARY EXPEDITION TO THE UPPER
MISSOURI.
Col. Chambers, with a battalion of the
rifle regiment, in keel boats, set out Irom
Belle Fontaine, on Monday the I4th inst.
to ascend the Missouri to Camp Martin,
where Lieut. Col. Morgan is in command
with several companies of the regiment.
Col. Atkinson’s regiment, 6th infantry,
is at Belle Fontaine, and we believe is on
ly delayed by the non-arrival of some ot j
the steam boats, and the time consumed
in the repacking provisions. Colonel At
kinson coinman* is the expedition.
Gen. Jessup descended the Mississippi 1
on Sunday last, in the steam boat Indepen
dence, in search of the Jefferson and Cal
houn, two of the s'ea.n boats destined for
the Upper Missouri. Upon the arrival of
these, Col. Atkin>on will proceed.
Arrived, Wednesday, 9th inst. the Wes
tern Engineer, destined for the Upper Mis
souri. Passengers, Maj. Long, Maj. Bid
dle, Mr. Graham, Mr. Swift, Dr. Jessup,
Dr. Say, Dr. Baldwin, Mr. Peale, Mr.
Seymour.
The Western Engineer anchored at the
CDDer end of the town, where she yet
lies. In passing the Independence and St.
Louis, then at anchor before the town, she
was saluted by these vessels.
A description of tins beautiful little boat
has been given to the public. We remark,
however, some further particulars which
deserve to be noticed. The bow of the
vessel exhibits the form of a huge serpent,
black and scaly, rising out of the water
from under the boat, his head as high as
the deck, darted forward, his mouth open,
vomiting smoke, and apparently carrying
the boat on bis back. From under the
boat, at its stern, issues a stream of foam- i
ing water, dashing violently along. All
the machinery is hid Three small brass
held pieces, mounted on wheel carriages,
stand ou the deck. The boat is asetmling
the rapid stream at the rate ol three miles
an hour. Neither wind or human hands
are seen tohelpber ; and. to the eye of
•gnoraDce, the illusion is complete, that a
monster of the deep carries her on Pis
back, smoking with fatigue, and lashing
the waves wiih violent exertion.
Her equipment is at once calculated to
attract and to awe the savage. Objects
pleasing and terrify ing are at once before
him :—artilleiy ; the flag of the republic ;
portraits of a white man ami an Indian
shaking hands ; the calumet ot peace: a
sw ord ; then the apparent monster w ith a
painted vessel on his back, ilie sides gaping
with port holes, and bristlim* with guns.
Taken altogether, and without intelii
g,ence of her composition and design, it
w uld require a daring savage to approach
and accost her with Hamlet's speech—
‘‘ Be thou a spirit of health, or goblin
damned.
Bring with thee airs from heaven, or blasts
from hell, ;
Be thy intent wicked or charitable.
Thou rom’-t in sm h a qut stionable shape,
That 1 w ill speak to »het.”
Buffalo*, (.V. Y ) July 6.
The Hon. Morris S. Miller and suite ar
rived in thi« village on Friday last. Judge
3Iil!er is a Comi«sioner on the part of go
vernment, to treat with the Indians for the
cession of certain lands in this vicinity and !
and at Saganow Bay. in the Michigan Ter- '
ritory. A council was yesterday held with
the Indian village, about 8 miles Irom this
place, on the subject of the lands in this
county, but we have not yet learned the ,
result. We are sorrry to st .te, however,
that from appearances, there is little or no
probability of success.
We regret to learn, that the remnant of
the Six rations of Indians, residing within
this state, during the last week, in lull coun
cil, solemnly resolved not to encour.ige the
introduction of the Christian religion among
them. We understand that the debates on
this subject, were long and violent.
- [lota.
GALE.
A very heavy gale was experienced here
on Wednesday last, which lasted nearly
24 hours. We learn that the shipping at
Black Rock suff red severely—six out of
Vev o vessels lying there having been dri
ven ashore. Much dam ige wis also done
to >he gardens, fields of wheat, corn, &c.
in this vicinity, many of Ihe former being
pearly destroyed. [Ibid
The Marquis ol Caov‘enhas relinquish
ed to the English government, 'he income
of hisoffi* es, valued at 26-0,000 dollars.—
This is an in«lanctof patriotism, as mag
nan mous as it is rare ; and called forth an
unanimous voiegf thanks from parliament,
for htf di»iDt<rt*ted&«»5«
Washington, July IT.
The Circuit Court of the United States
for the Dirt riot of Columbia adjourned on
Wednesday last, after a session of more
than five weeks. Several criminal trials
took place, and some convictions; but none
ct a capital nature.
The Mayor of New-York has issued a
proclamation, offering a reward ot 100
dollars for the detection of any one, who
shall violate the act of the legislature, pro
hibiting all masters of vessels from landing
any sick person in that city.
A letter from Louisville. Kentucky, in
forms that the Ohio river is lower than
usual, and several steam boats are aground
in different parts of the river, with loading
and passengers on hoard.
Charleston, July 5.
BRIG LEOAL TENDER.
Capt. Tale, of the sloop Ann, arrived at
quarantine, from Havana, informs that a
few days previous to his sailing, the British
sloop of war Confiance, on a cruise and
bound to Jamaica, touched at Havana and
landed a seaman belonging to the brig, Le
gal Tender, of this port, which she picked
up at sea, lashed to a hencoop. Capt. T.
was unable ta obtaii further particulars,
not having seen tbe man, but had the in
formation from a gentleman entitled to tbe
fullest credit. -
Charleston, July 7.
SUMMARY JUSTICE.
A man named Keeler, living near tbe
fork of the road, on Meeting-street, was
detected yesterda; morning, in securing
a quantity of stolen goods, purloined du
ring trie fire on Monday night. A jury of
freeholders was immediately held, who
found him guilty, and gave him his choice,
either to be carried before a magistrate, &
take advantage of the “gloriuus uncertain
ty of the la« ,” or receive corporal pu
nishment on the spot. He chose the latter,
and was immediately tied to a tree, when
fifty lashes were inflicted upon his bare
hack, “well laid on” ;—after which, the
stolen goods were put into a cart, and he
was compelled to return them to the
owners. [Courier.
MountJlolly, (New-Jersey,) July 14.
CONFLAGRATION.
For about two weeks past a most tremen
dous fire has been raging in the pines, from
15 10 20 miles southward of this place.—
We have not been particti'arly informed as
to the extent of the damage done—but we
understand that Hampdun lower forge and
a barn have been consumed—that great
quantities of cedar timbrr have been burnt
—that wood and rails to a very consider
able amount have been destroyed—and
that large quantities of grass in the mea
dows andjSome fields of rye, have also been
burnt.
We are further informed, that a man by
the name ol-Klise, who w is assist
ing .to prevent the progress of the Amies,
was surrounded by the fire, and so burnt
that he died ill a few hours.
It is impossible to predict what will be
die consequences of the fire, for it still
continues extremely dry, and vegetation is
on the verge of death. We had a light
shower of rain on Sunday evening last, but
the blazing hot sun which succeeded it
seemed in a great measure to destroy the
good effects it promised. [Mirror.
New-York, July 14.
The Coroner was called yesterday to
%iew tli body of David Mitchell, aged 35
years, a native of Ireland, much respected
by bis friends, who came by his death in a
state of insanity, by strangling himself with
two strips of his shirt.
From the Providence Gazette, July 10.
DISTRESSING EVENT.
The followi ,tg account of a melancholy
circumstance which took place in Scituate
on Thursday morning last, is communicated
to us by an intelligeni gentleman ol our ac
quaintance :
Israel G. Manchester, Esq. of Scituate,
having a well about 50 feet deep, and not
finding water, employed a Mr. Tibbits,
living near the Hope Factory, to blow a
rock at the bottom, to make the well deep
er. Hu worked in the well on Wednesday
and got a blast prepared, and with sba.
vings and brimstone endeavoured to com
municate fire to the powder, which it seems
did not explode. He went down the next
morning, to fix it again; finding the air
would, not permit him to remain, he got
in the bucket, and requested to be drawn
up; but beture be had got far, his senses
forsook him, and b? fell. William John
son, a laboring man of the same town, went
down, and gut a rope around his body, to
endeavor to get him up ; but the rope slip
ped, and bt fore it could be secured, John
ston requested to be hoisted up, complain
ing of being faint; but before he arrived at
the lop, his senses forsook him and he tell.
Both have bc-n taken out dead. They
each left a family to bewail this most dis
tressing event.
On Tuesday last, Samuel Hopkins,
blacksmith, a man between 70 and 8©
years of 3ge, dropped dead in the field,
while cutting brush in Foster.
| Fr&ni t\e V. fork Evenin'? Post.
IlfTEREtTl MO.
Extract of a letter Fr.«m a respectable pas
senger on board the sch'wmer General
Brown, w Taylor, master of A: from
this port, for Genoa, to a friend in this
city.
“ Gibraltar, \Wh May* 1819.
Dear-.
It is now almost six months since I left .
you, and, however strange it may seem,
have not yet reached my port of destina- ■
tion. Lest you should not already have
been apprized of the cause of this truly un- 1
fortunate and unexpected delay, 1 shall J
now proceed briefly to recount to you the ;
particulars. If you recollect I left you on ^
the 30th November, in fine spirits, and in
full expectation of reaching Gibraltar in 20
or 25 days from that time. But alas! how
rain and futile are the calculations k prog
nostics of mortal man. On the 7th of De
cember following, being in lat. 39, 30,
and about long. 64, west, it was our fate to
encounter a most tremendous gale of wind,
by which, trom its violence, and other cau
ses which I shall not notice here, our poor
vessel was so horribly mutilated as to o
blige us, for the safety of our lives k pro
perty, to run for the first port we could ■
make. We had been lying to for about 24 |
hours, (the gale then appearing at its great
est height) when weshipped a tremendous
sea across «>ur bows, which carried away ;
the bowsprit by the stem, with everything 1
! attached. This, in a very short time after
was succeeded by another still more vio
lent, which took with it the foremast by the
board, together with all the upper masts,
yards, sails, kc. belonging, (which till j
now had remained aloft) sprung the main
must, snapt she tiller off directly in the j
rudder head, broke the cambouse, with
house, kc. into a thousand fragments, and
washed away al! the head rails and waist
boards, lore and aft. Onp of the seamen
was knocked down and much injured; and
had not the gale abated at this truly awful
and critical juncture, ’tis more than proba
ble, that, in a little time more, we should
all have been ingulphed in its waves. The
vessel now lying' a helpless hulk, altoge
ther unmanageable, and exposed, directly
in the trough of the sea, to the entire mer
cy of the elements. But by the providen
tial aid of that same power, who had thus
furiously provoked them, were they now,
of his infinite croodness and mercy, again
assuaged, in lime to save us from a wate
ry grave.
It was not until the 11th of December,
that the wreck was so repaired and refit
ted, withjury masts, sails, kc. as to he
able to make sail again, when wc fell in
with ihe schr. Elizabeth and Mary, Capt.
Prior, out 81 days from Rotterdam, for
Boston, or the first port he coulil make, to
whom we gave a supply of water and pro
visions. Capt. Prior had experienced a
constant series of S. W. and N. W. winds,
and as they stiil continued to p evail, ad
vised us, by all means, to keep lor the
Western Islards, or even Gibraltar, giving
it as his opinion, that we could reach them j
sooner than any other port or place. Our |
captain was, however, of a different opi- 1
nion, and upon Capt. P’s. promising to
keep company with bun as long as he
! could, they now stood on together for
some part oi our continent. e remained
however hut a very short lime together,
having parted the following night, in a
gale, when it was resoived the next day,
(13th) to hear away for the island of Ber
niuna.
On the 15th, wc fell in with a ship from
Amsterdam, for Philadelphia, when I made
every possible exertion to pet on hoard
her; but, it being night, and blowing ve
ry heavy, found it altogether impractica
ble. On the 2d of January following, we
finally found ourselves in the latitude ot
Bermuda, and were told by our captain,
that it then bore due west, distant about 70
or 80 miles ; but, in consequence of the
wind being from the westward, could not
then approach it. Alter having hove to hei
and remained beating off and on for mure
than 30 hours, waiting a change of wind
to run us iu to the island, we had the good
fortune to fail in with the schr. Montezu
ma, out only 8 days trom Baltimore, for
the Pacific Ocean, who informed us that
we were in the longitude ot 30, west,
and consequently TOO miles from Ber
muda! We had now been contending
with southwest and southerly winds tor the
last 21 days, and had made but 6 or i de
grees of southing, when we might in the
same time, have reached the Western Isles.
But you will still be more astonished to
i learn, that notwithstanding we were then
I more than half way over, and favored w ith
a strong westerly wind, yet our captain ac
tually bore away again for St. Thomas s,
in the West Indies,—VVell, after driving
and beating ahout here for more than a j
week, we fortunately caught a trade wind j
j which carried us on briskly till the evening ‘
I ol the 21st of January, when we found our- .
selves in the latitude of St. lhomass.—.
! Our captain then shortened sail and stood »
1 on to the westward, in pursuitol the Island
On the morning of the 22d, we spoke an
English brig, out 2 days only, who inform
* ed us that we weie then in the longitude of
(50, west, and consequently SCO miles dis
tant trom St. Thomas’s. Our captain now
determines to haul up for Gaudaloupc,
then, on the day following, we had finally
the satisfaction to make land, which, pro
ved to be the Island of Antigua !—where
we received a pilot and got safeinto harbor.
Prospects now began to brighten, with
the Haltering hopes entertained of having
our vessel shortly refitted, and ready again
for sea ; hut instead of having these hopes
realized in 15 or 20 days, as expected, it
was not till the 4th of April following, that
w'e finally took our departure. So that you
will perceive we were here detained 72
days longer, for the only and express pur
pose of refitting this vessel, a schooner of
150 tons only, (now ringed into a brigan
tine) in one ot the finest and best provided
ports in all the Wrst Indies.”
LETTERS FROM L«>UI-IAl»A.
From a gentleman now in that country to his
friend in the village of Springfield, .Mas
sachusetts.
LETTER IV.
My Dear Sir,
A few days after my arrival at New-Or
leans, walking one mnr ling past one of the
principal coffee-house- in th** city, I -aw a
number of people collected in front ot it.
Cro-sing die -treel. ( ver*. -moil perceiv°d
it w as un auction for the sale of human Jiesii.
Oil a littl“ p' dlbmi, or bench erected for
the purpose, -tood .• poor negro slave, who
was wiping off the t»*ar> w! ich were trek
ling down hi? cheeks, with the lr>ck «>t b*s
hand. Having always lived in that part
of our country where slavery is unknown, I
had never seen an” thing of (he kind la
fore. I need not tell \ ou, therefore, tny I
dear H-, that ruy feelings were not a
little agitated and d‘s(re>sed, as I shrunk
back with abhorrence from so disgusting a
sight. Is this then, thought I, the boasted
land of liberty, which is so often echoed
from one end of the United States to the
other ! And do we here behold the flesh
and blood of a poor unfortunate race ol tin
human family thus exposed to sale in the
public stree's ? Set up at auction to the
highest bidder ? Is such, alas! the cruelly
and degeneracy which poor human nature
is liable to fall into ? Pursuing this train of
reflection for a few moments, my atteuti >h
was again brought back to w itness another
of these Africans mounting the platform,
the other having been struck off for the sum
of 850 dollars. The one which the auc
tioneer was now about to sell, was an old
man about 50 years of age. wdtb something
very honest and ver) interesting in Ins ap
pearance. On getting up upon the stage, j
he pulled off' his hat and laid it dow n by <
the side of him, then looking round upon <
the people, with an eye of anxiety and so- j
licitucie, as if to invite their coinmisseration ,
and compassion. But his silent though im
pressive appeal to their sensibility, had no
effect upon them. So long hacknied in the
guilty haunts of slavery, they had no feel
ing for him. Well might this poor sable
son of Africa exclaim, at such a moment as
this,
“Alas! slavery, thouartindeeda bitter cup.”
But, in consequence of his advanced age,
he brought something less than the other, j
He was struck off for 700 dollars ! The i
next wa« his wife, apparently about 45 I
years of age, w ho ascended the platform, t
and w as very soon disposed ot in the same i
way, though not purchased by the same j
man ; ol coutse, separated probably for
ever trom her husband. This woman was
succeeded uy neriwo umumi, j*uu r»eic
next introduced by the auctioneer ; the
one a boy about 9 years old, the other a
a girl about 7 .'ears old, who, as fortune
would have it, like their parents, were
separated in the sale. Thus you see hus
band and wile, parents and children, torn
from each other, and every bgament of J
their social and domestic happiness sun
dered and destroyed forever, by this rem
nant of barbarism and cruelty, which still 1
lingers in the chi istian world, which has -
so long disgraced, and which continues to
disgrace many of our southern and middle ^
states. The sale of these slaves was con
tinued ; but I have particularly related to
you the disposition which was made of
this little tamiiy groupe, because it brings
to your view' a striking instance of the mi
sery and unhappiness, winch i? so often
produced in countries where slavery is to
lerated.
These auctions for the sale of negroes are
held almost every day in the week, in some
public part of the city, and are viewed by
the people of this country with pretty much
the same kind of feeling as a New England
farmer would witness the sale of bis horses
and cattle. I rejoice, my dear H-, that
I was not born and educated in a country
of this sort, to imbibe such absurd and mon
strous principles. Another scene, as a con
sequence ot slavery, soon alter occurred to
me. Taking a walk one day by myself,
and winding my way a'ong the bankot the
Mississippi river, 1 round myselt before 1
was aware, that I walked so far, two or
three miles from the city on the road lead
ing to general Jackson’s battle ground.
Perceiving in a large field, a little distance
ahead of me, about 30 or 40 negroes at j
work, I was ir.uueed, from motives of ou*
m
riosiiy, and I believe 1 may say, with
ings of humanity, Ur continue my u ^
stiil further, in order to witness thi, 1,’t*
body of slaves at their work. The day «a.
excessively warm, f soon came up w 4
them, however, and seating myself bent,-k
the shade of a little cypress tree, u|ry
Mood by the side of the road, and Mh;ch
v ery comfortably protected me fruin t,ie
parching and burning rays of the sUn, j
began to reflect upon the scene before n e
Here, said I, are 40 human beings, d(rj.
ving their existence and being, like all 1^
rest ol mankind, from the same gieat
rentol uatuie; entitled Iruin the sjtuiegreat
beneficent fountain, to an equal paitich;.
tion in certain unalienable rights andprj.
vileges, and which we, as men, haw £0
right to take from them, toiling in servitude
all their lives long beneath the blow»a&d
stripes of a cruel master.
The condition of the savage, who mimj
the desert with bis bow and tomahawk in
his band, is not half so deplorable a> these
poor slaves; because the Indian can bou^
over bis native bills, and through hisn.uii*
forests, tree as the mountain breezt ^
he inhales—with no miserable chain? cf
servitude rattling at his ticcds—with noun,
feeling petty tyrant at his back, to infict
upon him what punishment he pleases.
Not so with the poor debased African.
Cut otf from every thing dear to bis h<art,
t>r from his native home—compelled ta
toil jc sweat beneath a burning sun, min*
rime hie sirlx with tl... dip ul.>..l. l.
“ " — *—v‘*
breathes, and his teais with the earth
which he digs and cul’ivates. Gracioui
Gud! do not these victims of slaveiy & op
pression, cry aloud to Heaven for some in
terposing power to wrest tlieiu from thtir
unhappy dtplordde cor. lit ion ? While in.
dulging in the*e Kind ul redactions, which
I suppose the people of this country would
denominate treason against them, my at
tention was suddenly arrested by hearing
the cracking of a whip, coming in ilmii
rec'ion from where the negro* s were*:
work in the field. I'uriung that way.! be
:ield one of the drivers beating a poor bl
ow most unmercifully. He held m i,j
liand a whip, which he always carries mth
him, and which is a stick about 3 teel long,
;»t the end of which is tied a very large iiei*
vy leather braided lash, 4i feet long. The
poor negro not daring 10 .-ay a word in hu
defence, groaned out most pitiously ale
very stroke. Befieve me my dear H—,
it such a sight as this 1 was not a little *x
ispcrated. Leaving my seat, I bounded
mddenly over the fence, determined t»
)ut an end to (bis scene of cruelty, which
he driver observing stopped bis whipping.
Joining up tobim, 1 asked him why lit hud
lugged that poor negro so, who at this time
vas marking his lootsttps upon the earth
ivitb the blood which was running downhii
jack, and dropping off at his feet. He re
plied to me that “ the d-d scoundrel
had feigned himself sick, for no other pur
pose but to get rid of work for a lew days.”
The truth was, the negro actually wii
>ick, which 1 ascertained upon the spot,
md which was subsequently proved, lor
our days after that, as 1 afterw ards ascer
ained, he had “given up the ghost,” leav
ng all bis chains of servitude and miser?
>ehind him, and gone to inhabit a far tit
er country, where we presume it makes r.a
inference what “complexion an Indian o:
in African sun has burnt on the pilgrim.’’
Once more adieu.
[Hamden Federalist.
——•» <> <j& O
Hy last IWfciung’s Mail.
\\\\V\MXWX
Ntvc-York, July 1C.
LATEST FROM CADIZ.
Captain Cotfin, arrived yesterday, saii
•d from Cadiz on the 4th June, at which
ime the U. S. sloop of war Hornet, cap
leid, was wailing for orders from oui ni*
lister at Madrid. The treaty had not U
el been signed.
We further learn, that on the 13th May>
wo 74’s and three frigates, sailed from
?adiz for Lima. The GRAND exp'.di*
ion, of bO transports, with 10,000 troop?,
ras to sail about the first of September
All Spanish vessels arriving in port wer<
mmediately put in requisition..to aid<3
:he great work of subduing the Patriots.
- [G merit.
Baltimore, July 14
Report says that there is a vessel beioff
with a large sum in specie on board. 11,3
lesse! is supposed to be either a patrn ;5
privateer or a prize to one.
H-igtr's Toxn, July 13
ROBBERY.
Mr. J acob weldy, formerly of tins co’J**
;y, and another gentleman, were recently
‘topped, by six or ^even men, on Laurt
Hili, taken into the woods some di>ta[ife
from the road, tied and nibbed. 1 :,-7
were then put into the road by the rom'frt*
who told them they did not msb
their lives: that their only object was n>°°
ey; and that they would leave th»m 10 1 e
load, tied, in order tbit they migb' ^ a
lieved by travellers. The villain* l^n
made their escape, w ith I60doli*t*° * '
Weidy's money, ffe have not learnt " ^
iher they got any from the other gentle-*^
I

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