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Alexandria gazette & daily advertiser. (Alexandria [Va.]) 1817-1822, August 05, 1819, Image 2

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gazette
AND
Ale.vaniria Daily Advertiser.
PUBLISHED BY
SAMUEL SNOWDEN,
ROYAL-STREET. _
Daily Gazette, 7 dolls...Country, 5 dolls.
THURSDAY, AUGUST 5, 1819.
■ Detroit, Tti/y 16,
rumors.
Reports of Indian hostilities, and a ma»
niTestation of hostile intentions by Indians,
have been set afloat within three or four
weeks past; and with regret we observe
that some of them Have found a p'ace in
newspapers in different parts of the Uni*
ted States. One rumor told us that the In
dians residing on Fox river and in its vici
nity bad attacked and destroyed a part of
the 5th regl. of infantry on its way from
Green Bay to Prarie du Chiene and St. Pe
ter’s—and there are others of a similar
kind, and tqually without foundation. Mr.
Rathbone. late army contractor, has just
returned from Green Bay by land, and
pa-sed through the villages of the greater
pait of the Indians in that remote quarter ;
be represents the most savage nations, (the
Winebagoes, Sacks, and Menomonies,) as
totally unprepared for hostility,even ifthey
had a disposition for it, being nearly des
titute of powder and lead. Mr. R. ascend
ed the Fox river a few miles with the 5th
regiment, and informs us that Colonel Lea*
vcnworth called a council with the Wine*
Rao-iiLttt inri Mpnom inies. and told them his
object in passing through their country, to
which they made net the least objection,
but professed their friendship for the Ame
ricans in the strongest language, and of*
fered every means in their power to aid the
troops in ascending the river the colonel
accepted the services of about a dozen, as
pilots and guides. Mr. R. represents the
Pottawattnmies, Chippawas, Ottawas and
Kickapoos, a part of whose country he
passed through, as very friendly disposed
towards the United States. [Gazette.
INTERESTING.
Extract of Letters, from a gentlemen on
board the United States steam boat Rest
ern Engineer.
The latest of June Why $c. 1819.
By unavoidable delays and the non-ope
operation of parts of the steam engine, the
party were detained at the garrison, near
Pittsburgh, until the 3d of May. They
proceeded from Pittsburgh under a nation
al salute from the arsenal, which was re
turned from the boats, and the cheers of
the numerous spectators who had assem*
blei to see them depart. The fiist night
they came to at Stubenville, the second
day passed Charlestown,' Virginia, and fired
a salute, as is customary, at all towns of
note on this river, and on the fourth day
stopped at Marietta to procure wood. Here
they visited one of the largest ancient for
tific diems in the VVestern country, it covers
upwards of sixty acres of ground, has high
and regular built walls of embankments,
with guarded gateways on each side ; both
within and without there are several large
mounds, some of which arc round and o
thers square. The largest of the round
ones is 30 feet in height, and surrounded
by a ditch and bank.
They arrived at Cincinnati in four days
from the time oi starting—urn um7
*73 hour.”* in running 526 miles, with th*
wind the whole distance ahead.
The party were detained a week at Cin
cinnati on account ot the ill health of Dr.
Baldwin. W^ie here they were passed
by the 6th and part of the 5?b regiment, in
ten large barges, with 20 oars each ; many
of the officers had their wives, and some
their sisters with them, all in excellent
spirits, altogether presenting a very elegant
spectacle. A salute was fired on passing
the residence of Gen. Harrison, 20inih*s
below Cincinnati, in compliment fo»s past
services.
The party arrived at Louisville on the
19th—here commence the Falls of the O
hio, which continue rapid for 2 miles, the
water flowing for that disjance over a flat
table rock ; having a high steam power aid
ed by the velocity of the current,, the boat
v went over beautifully, and with satisfaction
to all on board.
Shippingport is situated at the foot of
the Rapids where the party remained lour
days, and then' proceeded to Sbawannee
town. This town was originally settled
by tWI Sbawannee nation, but is now
wholly occupied by the whites; it is
badly situated, and requires little penetra
tion to say it will never thrive, Thepar
ty were detained here two days in effecting
some slight alterations and repairs in the
boat.
Some miles below this town there is a
range of limestone rocks, fronting the river*
in a precipice ot sixty feet perpendicular,
in which there is a large cave, noted for a
number of Mammoth bones found in it; the
cave is one hundred and sixty feet deep,
and has a beautiful arched front. Here the
boat ran on a sand bar, and was got off
With difficulty by the crew, in the water,
with pries, fee. *fmo mile* below *h# |
grounded ft second time, but was got off
with less difficulty.
‘ We entered the Mississippi, on Sunday
the 3oth of May. The Indian rartie Missa
chipi; or ‘Father of Rivers,* is certainly
not unappropriate. The current runs from
3 to 4 miles per hour, and contains about
!-5«hof yellowish mud, which prevented
our making use of it, as long as we could
do without; with all its mud it is consider
ed wholesome water by those residing on
its hanks ; it certainly is belter than many
of the springs, some of which are very im
pure, emitting sulphuretted hydrogen,
which ir.ay be smelt at a quarter of a mile;
one of this kind is near St. Louis.
* On the Misissippi game is plenty ; we
saw deer, turkeys, swan, geese and peli
cans ; but have not found a new bird.
‘ The scenery of the Ohio, and lower
parts of the M ississippi, present a sameness
throughout, until you ascend as high as j
Cape Guardian; it then becomes broken,
and in some places grand beyond any thing
1 have ever seen; long and broken preci
pices of limestone rock, of immense height
extend for miles along the river; some
with bare summits, and others capped with
bushes and trees. As you ascend higher,
the country gradually opens into prairies,
which continue up to St. Louis, which is
situated on an extensive prairie, extending
6 or 8 miles back from the river.
* The rise and fall of the Mississippi is ,
not so great as that of the Ohio and some
other of the western rivers. The Ohio has
been known to*Tise sixty-three feet perpen- !
dicular; ten i? high for the Mississippi.
* TU fl.tnrlc nf Ohin hcrnme more
frequent as the country becomes cleared,
those of the Mississippi less. We have em
ployed a keel boat and manned her w ith
twenty men, to take our provisions and
presents, which enlaiges our party to up
wards of 4o men—the boat has ascended
the Missouri several days before us.*
Colonel J. Johnson has built five steam
boats to carry troops and provisions to the
Yellow Stone, Three of them are at Belle
Fontaine on the Missouri, waiting the arri- ^
val of the other two, which have been de
tained belowr by accidents—it is mentioned
that one of them had taken fire, in attempt
ing to race the Western Engineer, and was
near being destroyed, It ii the general o
pinion in that country, that Col. Johnson j
will meet with great difficulty,as the small- j
est of his boats draws six feet, and the j
Missouri is one of the most difficult rivers ;
to navigate It is ratifying to know that
the party are all in health (with the excep
tion ot Dr. Baldwin, who is recovering
slowly) and in fine spirits at the prospect
of entering upon the duties pf this arduous
undertaking,
TOPICS OF THE AURORA.
The Philadelphia Aurora, of *he 30th
July, thus touches on the following to
pics :
CONDUCT OF OUR CABINET TOWARDS SPAIN.
1. Can any one suppose that the Machi- j
avelinn policy of the cabinet at Washing
ton, has not been acceptable to the court
of Madrid ; or that the direct and indirect
hostilit) of the American government a- |
gainst the South Americans, has not been
duly appreciated and applauded by the
perfidious councils of Ferdinand VII. ?—
The court of Madrid, though imbecile and
abandoned, is not so blind to the impor
f.. I- _ _j l_ u_:.1_<
i'tnce UI IIIC JMJUCjr ^unu'-u UJ t icaiucm
Monroe and young Sejauus; as to loose the
advantages derived from the arrangements
of Don Ouis, and the intrigues ol Mr. Ba
I got, and the insolent menaces L inirigues
of the Abbe Correa. There are men at
Madrid who are perfectly aware, that the
independence ol South America must have
been determined in six months, il the inde
pendent republic of North America, had
only acted with at much generosity and res
pect for the liberties of mankind as the
monarchy oi France thirty years ago ; the
soil of Mexico, and New Grenaca, and Ve
nezuela, would have been long since free
from the contamination of royal cut throats,
had not the U. States, disregarding all sen
timents of honor, and humanity, and jus
tice, and character, struck a fatal blow at
the independent cause, by an open outrage
of wht under the most contemptible and
j disgraceful pretexts. This transaction,
faithless as Roman or Punic perfidy, has
! not indeed obtained the respect nor the es
i teem ol mankind—all discerning M^Just
j men in Europe, speak oi those trj^HPIons
i with an indignant and abhorrent astonish
i ment; it has tarnished the glory of our mi
litary and naval triumphs, as the corruption
| of the Roman Senate cast a cloud over the
virtues of /)i6rtciiu ; but the congeniality
ot the policy of the American cabinet with
that of the Spanish court* and the power
| ful division in tavor of Spauisb despotism
made by our youn% republic, assures us the
gratitude of the court ol Madrid, rather
than its hostility.
IMPROBABILITY OP AIT EUROPEAN WAR.
Many people bug the delusion of an
approaching war witb Europe—the occur
rence is not morally possible. The gene
ral disturber ot Europe is exhausted ot that
stimulating power without which armies
much leu naviet cannot moVe. "f"he heeei
sity of a loan of twelve millions, and of an
inroad of twelve millions more on the sink
ing fund—so sacredly appropriated to the
discharge of the national debt—the pover
ty and misery produced by enormous taxes,
and a ruinous system of extravagance in
princes, pensioners, priests and paupers,
all of which are necessary partsof the same
unnatural system ; these are the certain in
dicators of peace in Europe and :n other
parts of the earth. \
Wellington’s mission to swf.dfn.
3. The mission ot the duke of Welling
ton therefore presents, in the prominence
of the character, the evidence of a doleful
embassy ; to him, alone, who sent Ney to
the fusilade, could he entrusted an unplea
sant condolence on the inability of Logland
to sustain him on the Swedish throne op
posed to the holy alliance, and to the elo
quence ot silence and indifference mani
fested by France. The distinction of the
messenger is the lenitive for the wound :
the excuse forhis abandonment.
PREJUDICE IN FAVOR OF FOREIGN MANU
FACTURES.
4. Mr. Saltmarsh, of the house of Raw
son & Saltmarshes, a Brith^i agent, of Ha
lifax, England, broached, with a great deal
of irony, in a warehouse in Philadelphia,
the subject of domestic manufactures,
which caused the owner of the store to
show him a piece of superfine cassimcre of
English manufacture, which he called A
merican, whereupon Mr. Saltmarsh began
to abuse it, in every respect, both as to the
dyeing and weaving, saying that he could
see the American texture in it He then
handed him a piece of superfine domestic
cassimerp. made hv \V nt. 1 OUD<T. Son &
Co. and railed it English. Ah ! observed
Mr. S. that is something like—leek at the
dyeing of that—it is far superor, beyond
comparison, and worth twice as much—
which was the fact. Suffice to say, that
this pattern card fool was not undeceived^
until a fair opportunity offered to shame
him for his unblushing effrontery ; tfi3t
which was presented to him as Enu'ish be
ing American manufacture ; and that pre
sented as American being English manufac
ture.
Baltimore, August 2*
Latest from buenos-ayhes.
Politely communicated by Capt. Parlton,
of schr. Platisburg, (at (he Lazaretto,
August 1,) to the Merchants’ Coffee
House.
Arrived sebr. Phttsburg, Parlton, 50
days from Buenos Ayres. Left no Ameri
cans. There were a number at Ensando,
loading chiefly with nr.ules, among which
were schr Henry, for the West-Indies, and
br. True-Blooded-Yankee, for Baltimore,
in ballast. The brig Eliza, Kelly, left
Maldando for Norfolk about the middle of
April. May 8th, the prize ship La Castil
la, in a heavy gale from the eastward,
par'ed her cable and drove aslmre at Bue
nos Ayres; ship totally lost, crew saved.
May 12, ship Laguyra, Davis, ofN.Yoik,
in a westerly gale drove from fitr moorings
in Monteviedo on a rock, and was totally
lost, crew saved. The morning the P.
left Buenos Ayres, a polacre brig arrived,
prize to La Union, did not learn the quali
ty of her cargo, nor where captured.—
Goods and merchandize of all kinds very
dull at Buenos Ayres,—particularly British
and French, which can be purchased 16
per cent. less than invoice ; country pro
duce scarce and high. The new director
KiH rvd K/ian nlA.rfoil iiVl flip QailiflP’ fit thG
P. altho’ the new constitution had provided
lot it, and it was well known that Pueyr
redon had declined a re-election, and that
Gen. Baldinezra was to succeed him. Hie
armistice which had been entered into be
tween ihe government ot Bm nos Ayres and
Artigashad been renewed for three weeks,
on account of the absence ot Aitigas, he
having, as was saiJ, penetrated into the
Brazil teirilory, with the troops of which
he had a number of skirmishes—iu all pro
ved victorious.
It will be perceived by Cochrane’s de
cree, that the blockade ot Peru is without
limitation, no time being allowed for the
different nations to become acquainted
therewith, and that altho’ an admiral ot
the fleet of a republic, he is still a lord—
his terce, though respectable for the stale
to which it belongs, (to which may also be
added the N. York frigate built ship Curi
azo, which has gone round to join it,) is
still inadequate to blockade so great an ex
teut of coast; so that we shall now see how
his friends, the British, relish a paper
blockade in other nations. We think they
will be apt to suppose it another hoax of
the noble lord’s.—The 25th of June was a
proud day for Buenos Ayres, being the an
niversary of the evacuation of that town by
the British—as also the day on which the
new constitution was sworn in by all the
public officers. It was celebrated for tbreq
days. -
Boston, July 30.
LATEST FROM GIShALTAR.
Mr. Topliff has received, by the Hebe,
at Newport, Gibraltar papers to the 12th
June ; Prices Current, and List of Arri
vals and Departures up to the I7tb ; and
t Cadiz Price Current of May 28th—with
which we have been favored.
Extract of a letter, dated Gibraltar,
June 17.
“ I have ascertained that the brig laid
to be lost at Tariffa, was iu fact the “Con
stitution,” a patriot privateer ; the officers
and crew, amounting to 71, are to he
marched to Madrid for safe keeping—Ceu
ta no doubt will be their portion shortly.
The fleet, consisting of the Franklin, Guer
rhre, Erie ami Spark, arrived this morn
ing, 17 days /rom Naples. The Hon. Jo
nathan Russell, wife and daughter, are
passengers per the Franklin. 1 send you,
; per this opportunity, our last papers and
, prices current of to-da;, with a Cadiz P.
C.ahd list ol arrivals, <$*c. The Prudent
sailing in the night, t got nothing on board
of her.
Frices Current at Gibralt or, June 17.
Candles, Amer. sperm. 45 a 50 cents ;
coft'e< , H.tvan?r 26 a 27 ciols. per cwt. de
clining ; Si. Domingo do. 22 a 23 ; New
Orleans cotton 30 ; East India do. clean.
12 a 13, no demand ; tish, American, 3 50 j
a 3 75 ; Jordan almonds, 22 a 24 tlols. pr.
cwt. ; Muscatel raisins 3 a 3 JO per box ;'
| Indian corn, Am. 1 25 per fane„ a, (two
j heaped fanegas equal to * 1-8 v\ inchesier
|'bushels) ; Carolina rice, 5 a 5 25 prcwt.
| no demand ; pitch, Am. 3 25 per bid. ;
i Am. beef, 12 a 13 ; do. pork, 20 ; Phil,
flour, 7 75 ; Baltimore and Alexandria do.;
7 50 ; Spanish bnndy, per pipe, I2t> gals, i
j 70 a 75 ; sugar, Bay while, 13 a 13 25 ;
: Muscovado 12 ; tar, ^n. 3 ;*do. Swedish,;
i 5 75 a 6 ; tobacco, Ken. o'd crop. 12dul?. !
I do. new, 10 75 ; Virginia, 11 75, scarce j
! and wanted ; Havana, 30 a 4o ; beeswax,
| Am. 43 last sale, none and wanted ; Opor-1
1 to wine 22U a 240 per pipe ; Madeira 2u0 i
! a 280 do. ; pipe staves, 80 dolls, pr (200; >
, hint. do. 40 ; cocoa, Caracas, 28 pr cwt. ;
: wheat, 2 dolls, per fanega ; East India
I rice, 2 a 2 50, per quintal, dud ; hides,
15, 15 50 a lb dolls, scarce, very saleable;
J lead, 4 75 per cwt. none and saleable ;
nankins, short, 68 cb. pr piece ; do. long,
1 25 ; cassia. Am. 34 cts.'pr lb. very dull;
pepper, Sumatra, 13 a 14 dolls, per cwt. ;
ginger. 4 25 pr cwt. sales by auction as 1
quoted ; rum, W. I. 64 a 88, according to
proot, scarce ; sugar, E. 1. white, assort- j
eds 10 dolls, price asked for 1500 bags ; i
do. Muscovado, 8 12, last sale of a large
parcel ; Spanish dollars, 24 a 3 per cent,
premium.
Gibraltar, June 3.
Arrived,ship Franklin, King, for Mar-;
seilles,in a few days. 6'th, ar. brig Cana- j
da, Mt zieck, 32 days from Baltimore, in
poit, discharging. 9th, brig Charles and ;
E.len, Cross, 44 days trorn St. Domingo, J
for Leghorn, loth June ; ship Gen. Jack-!
son, Bradlord, 4l days from Cuba, for'
j Marseilles, 19lh June. 11 th. ship Rising
l Empire, Holland, 29 days from Altxan-'
j dria, discharging. I2lh, t*r% Havana,
Dunlap, from Tarragona, for N. Orleans,
waitings wind. 14th, ship Columbia,
, Curtis, 15 days from Cork, with flour, dis
charging. 17tb, U. S. sli ps Franklin,
Com. Stewart ; Gueniere, Capt. Macdo-!
Dough ; Erie, Capt. Baliard; arid brig
Spark, Capt. Nicholson, in 17 days from,
, Naples ;—ship Eliza, Osgood, 16 days fr.
Leghorn, for India, sails immediately—re
ports ship Cordelia, Magee, reauy for sea,
lor Marseilles, to sail next day.
In lJort% (17th)—Brig Phuenix, Heard,
from South America, tew days; ship Alex- J
lander, Swift, for Lisbon, do. do.; schr. (
Roseway, Simmons, for Plymouth, waiting
1 tnr salt r shin Chris oober. Stewart, for
Manilla, discharging.
Gibraltar, June 5.
State of the Public Healm in the Morocco
bominions, auringthe last JorinigUl oj
May.
At Tangiers the Plague continues to de
crease, the number of deaths, during the
abote period, not having exceeded iu, and .
there being, on the last day of the month,1
, but cue case anioug the Jews, and two a- j
mung the Moors. At i etuan there seems
! to be no abatement of its violence, the
! deaths, in 13 days, still auioun ing to 997.
At Fez it rages with increased fury, letters
of the 20th staling, that no fewer than 600 j
persons were carried off every day.—At'
Mequinez, not more than 3 or 4.—At Ra
; bat, up to the 26th, the mortality had no
' been so great as by the former accounts,
' the deaths being reduced to between 20
and 30 ; but in Salee, they still amount to
from 80 to 100.—At Larache, on the 29th
6 to 8, and at Alcassar from 50 to 70.
| Morocco and Mogadore on the 4 th en
joyed good health.—A rumor.
June 12.
i A notice to the public, drawn up by Don
Serafin Sola, a Spanish physician residing
in the Morocco dominions, and transmit
ted to the Spanish government by their
Consul General in that country, was pub
lished in the Madrid Gazette of the 1st inst,
On the authority of Mr. Baldwin who filled
the situation of British Consul at Alexan
dria at a peiiod when one million persons
were carried off by the Plague in Upper
1 and Lower Egypt; on that of Baron Des
genettes, Principal Physician to the French
Army in that country in 1798 ; and on that
of Father Park who M been Director pf
the hospital at Smyrna, for seven atl.
twenty years / but chiefly relying on t|,c
fact, that, both at Tunis, during th«; pLgue
with which that city was visited in the
years 1785 and 1797, and now at Taft,
giers, since the breaking out of the conta
gion, dealers in oil, builer, ham«, 4C
whose hands and clothes are impregnated
with these substances, have not caught t|)e
disease, although it bad spread among
their families.-~»Don Serafin recoinmeu.U
rul)bing the body with olive oil as the b*.«t
preservative against the plague, w|l(G
there is a necessity to come into contact
with the infected. The Spanish physician
further recommends oil as the most elh-c
tual remedy hitherto discovered lor the
cure of the same disease, and advises it to
be drank lake w arm, in two doses of 8
ounceseacb, within the first 24 hours af
ter the attack, and, on the follow ing days,
to be rubbed on the body with various.pre
cautious pointed out in the notice.
-L.
Providence, July 27.
from afaica.
Cspt. Hollowed, of the brig Richard,
recently arrived at this poit from the coast
of Africa, informs that he witnessed, while
at Sirerra Leone, one of those tornadoes to
which the African coast is exposed, for
nearly six months in the year. Their vi
oience and the frequency of their occur
rence, are determined by the state of the
atmosphere. Ten or twelve ot them are
generally experienced at Sierra Leone, in
the course ofa year. The precursors and
characteristic* of these tornadoes are wor
thy ol philosophical investigation. The
sky is ch ar, a perfect calm has prevailed
for se'eral hour$.-and the air becomes
oppressive ; when, suddenly, in the most
elevated region ol the atmosphere, appear?,
as the indication of a tornado,a little, round,
white cloud—not exceeding five or six feet
in diameter, and which seems to be per
fectly motionless : the air becomes gradu
ally agitated and acquires a circular mo*
tion—*dhe leaves and plants, with which
the land is always covered, raised by tire
force of the air several feet from their bed,
keep incessantly revolving around the same
spot, to the infinite diversion of the natives,
who amuse themselves with this rotatory
motion. The little cloud which portended
the approach of the tornado, having in
creased in size, irw nsibly descends to th«
low’er region ot the visible horizon. The
whirlwind now increases in violence, and
soon becomes terrific. Vessels are obliged
to double their moorings—they often part
their cables, and are driven foul of each
other. Many negro huts are swept away,
trees are torn up by the roots. wherever
these whirlwinds exert their full force, they
leave deplorable traces of their progres*.
These terrible agents of desolation, happi
ly continue for only 20 or 30 minutes, and
terminate ill a heavy rain.
Washington, Aug. 4.
The laying of the keel of one of the
largest class of Frigates was oil Monday
commenced at the Navy Yard at this
place. The frames of two such ships are
collected here. [Nat. lnt.
FROM MISSOURI.
St. Louis, June 30.
The Steam Boat Calhoun, after having
been several weeks in the Mississippi, has
fallen back to the mouth of the Ohio, and
acknowledged her incapacity, under pre
sent circumstances, to stem the current of
the Mississippi. Her cargo, consisting ot
provisions destined for the Upper Missouri,
is brought on iu keel boats.
[Enquirer,
mt o ■;> <£> <r«»>
From the Franklin Gazette.
THE NORTH STAR.
Mild star that mark’st thy lonely way,
In yon expanse of cloudless blue;
Whose gem-like form and steady ray,
Attract tbeflbedless peasant’s view,
And him whose thoughts to unknown re
gions stray;
Full oft the wanderer, fortune’s child/
Benighted, sad, and doomed to roam,
Beholds with joy thy aspect mild.
That tells of happiness and home,
And guides him onward ’mid the trackle^
wild.
Oft, too, the sea-boy marks thy beam,
When ocean sleeps in peaceful calm ,*
While o’er its breast tby peaceful gteaffl.
Plays wauton, and with sacred charm.
Lulls the rapt s6ul in fancy’s pleasing
dream.
And, oft sweet star, at even-tide,
When all around is bushed to rest}
: My thoughts ascend and pensive glid*.
To distant climes and regions blest.
Where wo-worn care andgriel wouldg 3
ly hide.
And fancy whispers in mine ear,
That those which once were here e
loved;
To friendship and affection dear, ,
Now from this fleeting scere remove .
Repose, bright star, in thy ethereal sp *

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