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Alexandria gazette & daily advertiser. (Alexandria [Va.]) 1817-1822, October 07, 1819, Image 2

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A St.
Ale.vrmdria Dully Advertiser.
’ V L' E!. IS H i*'. D BY
/>„7» Cwntn r> '/f)/ v
THl'KStMV. < CTOl R 7. K>1
from ['onlsen'i American Daily Aujertiser.
fn ansn-'r to a late question in this paper.
1. |; is well known that °n September 3,
1752 the stvle wa® changed in England, by
a previous »rt of parliament A® the Julian
year h^d then gained on the true solar year
e/even days, that day was called the 14th.
2. Those of the Soriwv o»" Friends who
Jived in 1751. and others «ho have been
sirce allowed to learn, know, that there was
no tr venlh nor twelfth month at its close.—
The last da\ of it Was 3! of tenth month.
3 On February 29. IP.tN>, the style was
afr in changed ; the *!-*y was called Mar- 1,
n,., makinn tztche days difference in what
are called old an I new styles.
4. The true year, accon.mg 10 .-or
Newhm, consists of 365d. 5h. f>om. 5;s. 3
but the year of account consists of 36 VI. Gh.
The true year, therefore, short of the civil
year by ll<n. 3s. nearly. To rectify this
err<>r. which accumulates to a day in about
132 years. tb follow ins? plan of altering the
style was ordered by Pope Gregory XIII. al
though it still Ieavc3 au error of one day in
72 centuries.
5. Ever)' ceuturial year, the first two fi
gures of whiJ- are exactly divisible by 4, is
a leap year, and all others are not. Thus
1800 was not—1900 w ill not be a leap year,
but 2000 will.
6 It was the custom, prev iously to the year
1752, to add a double date to the year be
tween December 31 and Ma^ch 25 : as March
was anciently the first month, and in one case
would be in one year, and in another, ano
ther. Thus what was called 11 mo. 13,
1739,40, would he January 13,1710, agree
ably to the style of that year.
From these premises, we think the billow
ing effects iue%»tably ensue.
1. Every man now living, who was horn
previously to September 3, 1752, had the
anniversary of his birth then changed 11
days, and on March 1, 18t*0, twelve days
later. Hence a man who was horn on 9 mo.
6, 1749, had the return of hi- birth day on
November 17, until 1800 : in that and sub
sequent years it was November IS.
9. Tbo trtiu 1-41-4
UUistrieu* Washington, is now on February
23, and not on the 22<1, because he was born
on February 11,1732.
3. The true anniversary of American Inde
pendebce is now on July 5.
4. Christmas and othei feasts ol the church,
which ire considered fixed, are in tact move
able They moved 11 days in 1752, and ano
ther day ic IbuO. In 1000 Ihey n i l move
another, in 2100 another, and soon.
5. People who are now 20 years of age, or
upwards, bid their birth days changed one
day later alter February 2C, 1800.
6. Those of the Society ot Friends who
wish to calculate their years correctly, mint
now add two month* and twelve day* to th< ir
mode of appellation, in ail cases ol birth
previously to I mo. I, 1752.
Thus 2 mo 4,1736, or April 4, being a birth
Add 2 mo. 12,
Makt s4 n o. 16, or April 16.
But between 10 mo. 31, 1751 and 9 mo. 3,
175?, add 12 days only.
Thus 6 mo. 3»‘, 1702, or June 30.
Add 12,
Makes 7 mo. 12, or July 12.
To those who doubt the correctness
of some of Ibe above results, we w ould pre
sent the ca^e of a child born at noon on March
3, 1796, and who was to come to the posses
sion of of) estate, if he should attain the age
of eight jears. Ha died on March 3, 1004,
at noon. Can the guard»an sustain an action
in this instance ? Eight yearsof account had
not elapsed until March 4, 1804, at noon. A
scientific jury would give a verdict against
him. October 1, 1809.
At a treaty held between the United States
tod the Creek nation of Indians, in which
there was a considerable difference of in'erest
and opinion, the Indian* not feeling disposed
toCMne into the measures of general Jackson,
the V. S. Commissioner, and/he believing
that threats would have some effect to bring
the treaty to a speedy conclusion, rose from
his seat somewhat oritated, and observed,
that be was not afraid of blood ; when a tall
warlike chief arose, and, addressing Jackson,
said : M I think } on to keel of Mood, by which
you mean that you are not afraid, neither am
I: I was not horn of a woman, neither w as
I dandled on tbekov. s of a woman; hut a
black cJooa was seen to rise in the west, the
thunder rolled the lightning descended and
shivered a large pine tree, from the ruins
hbiuof sprang forth Tooloowassee,”
The Baltimore Pa’riot, issued on Tuesday
last, at 2 p. m. says, we are happy to find hut
nine new cases ot fever are reported within
the last twenty-four hours.
Gen. Thompsor Maso.v, of Virginia, has
been appointed, by the President, collector
of the port of Alexandria, D. C. vice Colonel
Simms, deceased.
This appointment, we learn, has excited
some surprise amongst the mercantile com
munity of that place. [Hath. City Gaz.
Vessels are continually loading at our
docks (says the Albany Argus,) with oats,
corn, potatoes, pumpkins, onions and other
garden vegetables, for New-York, New
Jersey, Philadelphia, It would seem
that these crops have be< n cut off on die
whole line ot coast trom Connecticut to Ca
rolina, and that the articles enumerated are
in demand to supply the failure. Thousands
of bushels of potatoes onions, and corn in
the ear have been shipped trom this place.
The prices now paid, are for onions, 75
cents per bushel, potatoes 30 lo 37 cents,
corn 25 cents the bushel for the ears, and
oats 37 cents. At Washington city, potatoes
are stated to be worth 1 doll. 50 cents to 2
dollars the bushel.
J he editor or the Argus nas oeen inisiu
1 formed. Potatoes sell in Washington at
: about I dollar, and at the s;>me price in
! Alexandria. There is nevertheless a pood
| profit in their importation from the east
ward, and they frequei tly fonn a principal
' part of the carpo of a vessel cominp from
thence. If the Albanians would command a
j little more commercial enterprize, by ex
tendinp their exportations beyond their own
state, they mipht find a pood account in live
shipment of some of their surplus produce to
this district. -
Much interest has been recently excited
on the subject of matrimony, in the commu
j nity of Rhode Island. It is not perhaps ge
j nerally understood, that the laws roc< pnize
; this as a civil institution altogether. Until
the year 1733, none but civil officers were
authorized to sanction marriage contracts;
I in that year, the authority was extended to
ministers and elders of churches, as a matter
of convenience merely. [Prov. Pat.
The Mayor of the city of New Orleans,
(says the Philadelphia (iazeite,; has issued
a proclamation, dated the 25th August, sta
ting that the yellow fever exists in that citj,
principally among stiangers. In order to
mitigate its ravages, be has appointed a
numbtr of physicians and nurses to attend
the sick in earh ward, for which purpose- the
! sum of one thousand dollars has been placed
SI lira uiaj’vioi uj me UI1J COIIIICIl.
Silas Read, Esq. of Plainfield, in ihe slate
of New Hampshire, raised the present year,
from one acre of ground, one hundred and
three bushels and too quarts of Indian com.
The land was accurately surveyed, and the
grain was measured by two persons chosen
for the purpose.
The late governor of Cuba requested to be
recalled. The new governor is a native of
the island—and is the first native which has
been appointed to that office.
A squatter (even a vingie man) w ho slip
l pcd into our country, without the knowledge
or permission of liie Spanish government,
gets a mile square of land from congress ;
i while an old Spanish su'ject, with a nume
rous family, cannot obtain from this sstne
congr»se. even the confiimation of his old
Spanish grant, be it ever so small.
f.S>. Louis Gazette.
A poor pensioner from Beverly, just after
he erme Iroto the C. S. Bank with his pen
sion money yesterday, stopped near the hank
to assist a person who fell from his horse, and
while in the act of discharging this duty of
humanity, his pocket was rifled of his pocket
hook and money by some of the lightjinger
ed gentry, who have exhibited so much
adroitness in this town and Cambridge within
a few weeks. It is a case of peculiar distress
to this old soldier, who w as so poor as to
borrow money to get somo clothes decent
enough to come to the bank, and has now
lost his all.
In the search for the thief in this instance,
a person was apprehended, who was iccog
nized as a pick pocket in the Meeting house
in Cambridge, and was bound over to the
Middlesex court by 3. D. Parker, esq. after
a long aud patient examination.
_. f Rnttnn tinner.
During this time the United States schooner
Nonsuch lay at Angostura, a severe earth
quake was felt at that place, and throughout
the province of Venezuela, and the Island ot
Trinidad. It lasted one minute, a period of
duration which is very unusual ; the shocks
being tremendously heavy, but owing to the
perpendicular motion of the earth, instead of
the undulatory motion, usual at such times,
but little injury was sustained, only one house
being thrown down, and no lives, we under
stand, were lost. [Norfolk Beacon.
The following is from the ‘Olive,’ printed
at Mansfield. Ohio. Th.s strange animal will
convince those who have made so much tuss
about tbe Sea Serpent, that the fertile soil ot
Ohio can produce as curious animals as theii
monstrous .S<r/>en*.
[PhUadiif hia Freeman's Journal.
“ A b!a<k snake was killed on Saturday the
28th u!t. in Plymouth township, in this coun
ty, which was five text and an halt long, a'nl
had two heads, one on each end, one of which
was somewhat less than the other, but boih
equally natural. It was killed in an oatfield,
and was seen by a number of people.
From the A'ational Advocate.
There is no subi&ct or special duly, which
is of so much vital interest, and so litt'e un
derstood, as the management of children.—
I am confirmed in the Opinion, from attentive
obseivaiiou, that Ibis branch of domestic e
conomy is very much neglected,, and that
children were better governed, some twen
ty five years ago, than they are at present.—
Parents, as well as society at large ; the in
terest of country, and the welfare ot man
kind, depend, in a great measure, on early
impressidks—on a proper impulse and direc
tion, given to children’s mind ;*and this can
not be neglected without violating those great
obligations which morality imposes. I am
excessively fond of children when they are
not rud?* or noisy, and can possibly have no
higher gratification than in mixing in their
nnocent amusements and participating in
their joyful gambols—I take great deligiit in
conversing with a sensible, modest boy, and
can nurse a ro>y cheek’d infant ‘or hours, if
the urchin does not cry. With such feelings,
I accepted an invitation, trom a menu, to
dinner, who had a large family of young
children, and who seasoned his invita.ion
by assurances that I should meet some gen
tlemen of intelligence, as well as being gra
titied with the sight of a promising family.—
These were sufficient inducement®; and at
the appointed hour 1 was there, for nothing is
more rude than to ket p a family waiting din
ner beyond the hour of invitation. I met
with a tiiendly welcome; and t e young
ones, consisting of three boys and a giri,
were, severally, ordered up to shake hands
with me, and be exhibited. They each made
some resistance, shuffled oft'a 1 iltie, ai d came
very reluctantly. 1 did not augur well Irom
this specimen of breeding : a child should Le
instructed to approach a stranger with re
bptfcttul confluence, divested, alike, of as u
r.ince or timidity. I would not judge hasti
ly, .md dinner was shortly announced. 1 be
children were almost ti<e first sealed, ami
there was some indecent scufHing lor chairs,
which required the interference of !«*• lathi r
In «laii ni.LivUirli iVJ*' U.vnc nnl u-tiboni >-*-***
difficulty, as mama begged him not to create
a riot. Order being restored, 1 began to eat
my soup, but with little comfort: the young
ones were again noisy and clamorous : one
did not like mutton — the other voci.crously
demanded the ship ol a turkey—a third call
ed lor beer, with an air ol authontj—and
pnpa whispered the fourth to ask me to drink
a glass of wine with him, an honor which 1
would have declined, tut was fearful of hurt*
ing the leelings of the father, who was thus
ruining his child, hy teaching him maxims el
hitch life, and customs of mature age, while
yet an infant. We got through the dinner af
ter some wmngling : a few tears, expostula
tions from the father, and opposition from
the mothei. The desert was introduced:
and the young ones made a dash at the finest
of the fruit—helped themselves plentifully—
and, while two were fighting for a peach,
they knocked over a butter boat with .*-auce
lor the pudding, which they safely lodged
par lv in mama’s lap, and partly on my small
black clothes. I was very near losing my
temper on the occasion ; it Iretted me to see
children so much neglected. However, w hile
the urchins were busily engaged in destroy
ing w hatever they landed, 1 was conversing,
with a gentleman who sat opposite to me, on
the subject ot manutactures, and the means
of decreasing pauperism and giving employ- :
ment to our poor; but this deeply interesting
topic was interrupted by the nurse entering,
w ith an lui'anl in her arms, and a hoy of two
years old, leading by the hand. A new scene
of uproar commenced : the children seized
the baby—the baby squalled fur fruit—the
young one grasped at every thing in his way
—a perfect riot ensued—and it was with
great difficulty that the room was cleared, af
ter bribing each of them with something eat
able. I look my departure with pleasure,
happy in terminating this unpleasant inter
1 imcs r.re strangely altered, or ralber
wholesome doctrines have become unfashion
able- When 1 was a boy, my breaktust, with
seven others, consisted of milk and water, or
very weak coffee, which was placed in a
large earthen pan, and each o, us had a tin
cup, and tw o good slices ot bread anti but
te:': all ot our meals were served up, in this
uialiner, under the superintendance ot one ol
the family, and we weri dispatched to scbooi
at the proper hour; we had a reasonable pro
portion ot delicacies reserved for us, and at
night we joined the family party, who were
all pleased to see us, and that was the season
for mirth and ,udiciuus hilarity : our educa
tion was not neglected—<*ur appetites w« te
not pampered—our minds were not ruined
by extravagance—and our principles were
not vitiated by bad examples. Nothing can
have a better effect than adopting a rystem
with children and never departing from it.
if the principles are sound. A very saereo
and solemn duty is imposed upon parent5,
not only to feed and clothe their children,
(for that seems to he the boundary attention
, with many persons) but to preserve their
mind and morals pure—to inculcate, by pre
cept and example, lessons of prudence, eco
nomy and industry. This cap only he effect
ed in one way ; by decision and judicious
severity. Unless a child fears his parent, he
will never obey or respect him. This seve
rity does not consist in beating a child—but
keeping him at a respectful distance ; admit
ting him only at stated penods into his pre
sence, and at those periods conversing rati
onally and affectionately with him ; crushing
in the bud every attempt at wit, or whit is
called, smart sayings, the precursors only ot
insolence, rudeness, and ill manners : but,
| on the contrary, imprinting, upon their wax
j en minds, lessons of mildness, temperance,
; and industry.
some win say, max ny mis corn ana re
pulsive course, you tench children to hate
you y but it should be remembered, that fa
miliarity destroys respect ; and where there
is no respect, there is no fear—where there
is no fear, there is no obedience. A child
may tear his parent ; but in time he will dis
cover the good qualities of his father, account
tor his severity and love him ; and that very
severity will induce a child to do nothing
that may offend him. Let them live hardy
when young: partake of rough, but whole
some fare: abstain from luxuries : dress
plainly: give them little or no money: teach
them to earn it: give them a trade when they
are able to work, or a suitable prolession:
see that their time is employed and. compel
them, while under your care, to obey your
commands, and they will turn out good ci
tizens. It is a tact, which is undeniable,
that seven-eighths of the had characters, who
di-figure the world—who are useless to
themselves—of no credit or service to their
families, have been thus reduced to extre
mities from the culpable neglect and unpar
donable indifference of parents.
The execution of the tour unfortunate
wretches who were hanged, pursuant to sen
tence, at the Ennis Assizes, on Wednesday
and Thursday week, is calculated to awaken
those jionifitd feelings which accounts oi sa
vage lerocily, perpetrated centuries since,
would tail tu inspire. We would almost wish
to avoid the contemplation of those scenes
fK.i led in if,#, fatal ©amlimitation of this till
sc-ral lc drama ; hut our duty wills it other
wise; ai d sickening at the retrospect, we
must still look on it, till vision, disgusted, re
fu.-es to peilorm its wonted office.-The
ciimc for which the first two suffered was
murder—murder in such shape as renders
description hideous ; the victim, an unfortu
nate female, who was supposed to have given
information relative to illicit distilleries in
the district of ftfoyree. At liie close of the e
veiling, a few months since, she passed, as
was frequen ly her custom, the house of John
and James Sullivan, wherein their compan
ion. John Burns, was then employed in mak
ing whiskey. At the woman passed, Sulli
| van's mother called out in Irish, ‘ There goes
Biddy the informer.’ The men paused, ga
zed at each other, and at that instant re
venge and murder expelled reason and hu
manity from their souls ; the ill-starred Bid
dy pursued her course, and they resumed
their illicit work until they found it comple
ted, without the hindrance which Biddy’s
appearance had led them to expect ; joy at
their success induo d them to drink freely of
the new ly-finished spirits, but this only ad
ded to their thirst for vengeance, and nought
but the blood of their miserable victim could
quench its fire. Armed with various wea
pons, they left tlieii dwelling, and in one
short hour Biddy the informer was no more !
On entering her hut, which could not resist
them, the foremost struck her on Ihe head
with a stone, which fractured her skull, ami
laid her at his feet; a yell of savage joy an
tiounced the triumph, and the prostrate, al
most inanimate being was raised fiom the
earth, to undergo more cruelties. She was
placed against the wall, and her ‘'leasts were
seter«.d from her body ; trembling with ago
ny, she showed signs of life, till one. with
ii ere pity than the rest, by repeat* d incisions
will* a knife and pitchfork, made in her side
and stomach, coumieted the irnik nf mrnnfre.
Finding her no longer capable* ot administer
ing to liicir horrid pleasures, they precipita
ted the mis-shapen carcise into au adjacent
river, and coolly informed a man who lived
near to it, that there was a woman drowning.
He, perhaps, a vs are ol their character, or at
least suspecting something, told them he
vvouid not open the door—that it the wo
man was drowned, his assistance could be of
no use. They could gain no admittance,
and they retired—-their Lands and persons
negrimed with gore. When they had gone
the man came out, and found what to Inm
appeared to have cnce been a human body,
but so mutilated as scarce to retain >be sem
blance. They were arrested, convicted,
and received the punishment they merited.
'oify-e'ghi lxtirsfrrir tl « tint *e\ Ur, f K;?
paswrf, were allotted to them. A ctergyrr, ,n
of the Roman Catholic tanh attended, »
we trust, his constant adn.oniiions were ik!
lost. U e saw them launched into ctcrni*T
before thousands of spectator* fr„.„ ... ’
no groan of dissatisfaction pn^fiitd
the awful solemnity of which cannot f,j! w
teach that country a deep, long }f?Son. p,,
we are fated to proceed in this painful hU •
the following sun beheld two more p;.,
debt of nature lor a crime, equal if a,*( V.,
rion in magnitude, to what we h.v* re|^’
Singular, melancholy, and dreadful cJin(
donee one day a man dies for the mu't
of a woman—the next a woman dies for tfJ
mur.ler of a man, and tffat man her l;u.,ta„
—her assistants, her panders in sin andeuih
are—her father and her brother!—Ol, L
of pit}’! hast thou fled the earth, or j.
nature altered—are there no bonds
nough to chain dow n this demoniac princip^
—bas feminine tenderness been chaefred j(*
to bloody vengt-anee—have those* mild aiJi
heavenly beauties which raised her above tU
coarser qualities of manhood, been ex-.e'hj
the bosom of a woman, and left us nough* ,
cheer us in the desertion of those beatife a‘,°
tributes ? The execution of this terifo’dJ
was more speedy than that above._A,'am
ly feud long existed between the mui'
husband and his w ile’s family, which ifo
determined on concluding, by murdering
object of their sanguinary rage. The L
l»and had been from home, and had dra*
somewhat too freely.—On his return, his 4
met him, and Judas like, gave him the ford
salutation of a kiss, drew him into the house,
and coiling her arms round him, seated him
in her lap, whilst her brother beat out bi>
biains. The father, we have heard, was i
silent, though reluctant spectator. Onth
trial every circumstance was fully proved a*
gainst the brother and sister. We netd
scarcely say they suffered for the deed.
[Limerick Advertiser.
From the Chester, (Eng.J Chronult.
savannah steam packet.
This fine vessel sailed from Tran
mere, on (lie Cheshire side of the Mer
sr\, on Frida) last—the whole strength
<-f her steam was Applied, (between se
venty and eighty horse power) but sit
was completely beat round the Rock
i’erc h, b) the Waterloo steam-pa< ki t.
between Liverpool and Belfast, the hit
ter \ essel lias two engines of thirty
Imrse power each, and is completely
igged with sails, and is calculated to
• an y nearly 150 tons. Wc had an op
portunity last week of viewing the Sa
i annuli, and we may safely take upon
ourselves to say, that a more handsome
specimen of mo al architecture neverer
terctl a British port. She is calculated
0 carry about 34A tons, of whichnearij
200 tons are occupied by her machine
ry. The paddle wheels on each side
arc about 14 feet in diameter—cadi
wheel has right paddles ol wood, near
ly three inches thick, and four feet in
breadth, connected by strong double
chains, working in tlicmidua'y bc'wm
stem and stern. The state cabin, whin
is entirely uainsmated with inah'ganj
tastefully inlaid, is £4 feet long, and
perhaps 1C in width—on the side* art
ihe cots, twenty in number, and admi
1 ably calculated lor comfort and accom
modation.—The floor is painted to ini
raic a tcssclated pavement—lonkity
glasses are let into the mast which d;
ides the cabin, and this arrangernot
gives a pleasing effect to the lout ensni
ble.—rl'l»e approach to the cabin, fim
•he deck, is by a convenient staircase,
here are a great number of other ac
ominndations for paxieugers, and tie
whole i*» highly creditable to Aineriian
n.ei lotnisin and ingenuity. We bad
v.ine conversation with the Captain
v lingers) w ho is not remarkable for be
•ng communicative—-and from the pur
port ol his answers, we are inclined to
believe, that the rumor of the vessel be
ing a present to the Knipcror Alexander
is totally groundless—but wcarc sicver
i unless of opinion that the Czar may
purchase it—if he likes it. The fact is»
the savannah is sent to Europe merely
as a specimen of Trans Atlantic sluf
in iiitet tore, and will become the pro
perty of the *• highest bidder.” A si*
» *nt civility pervades the whole erf*
from the Captain to the black cook, for
which the whole may have private res*
sons, w hit h it is no business of our* t*
inquire into.
An Extract of a letter from a Mar}’
lander now in England, to a gentle*
man of tlie* city of Baltimore, dated
10;li July, I8J9.
“ Mr. Kush is much liked in this
country, and unites much modesty to3
ready elocution suited for festival har
rniigues. Notwithstanding the flourish
ing appearance of England, there is »
leclifsg'Tif despondency in the mind0'
every Englishman in speaking (>[1,10
future destinies of his country. Thing*
are*very different in France, hope and
confidence and courage gain ground e
' ery day. The nation is on the high
road to liberty and good government.-'
The king is w ise and prudent, and ad*

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