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AND Alevantlria Daily Advertiser. PUBLISHED BY SAMUEL SNOWDEN, •ROVAL-STRKET._ UMy Gazette, 7 dolls.,.Country, 5 dolls. FRIDAY, JANUARY 14, 1820_ CHARITY. The word is chilling as the Winter blast! More demamls upon us! we have already gi ven, and again called upon to give!—it freezes the channel of supply* Such the word to tho5e who feel none of the inconveni ences of want, and are forgetful that what they have is a gift freely bestowed, that it may be med tor their own benefit, and tor the benefit of others. But charity is melody to the ear when poor; it is a healing balm ; >t is refreshing as the summer breeze. Sure ly they who have two coats, will give one to ut who have none : warm themselves, they will pity us who shiver with the cold ; shel tered from the storm, they will do something to shelter us who are exposed. On Sere day night, the 16th inst. a Ser mon will be delivered by the Rev. Elias Harrison, in the First Presbyterian Church, when a collec ion will be made to enable the Onesimus Society to prosecute their design of clothing the destitute children of the Sab bath School and assisting, a» far as they may be able, the aged the sick, and the in firm, by providing garments for them suitable lor this inclement season. The Onesimus Society has distributed with in the last six weeks, 79 garments, besides £6 pair of stockings, (knit by the Society) and 13 pair of shoes. This, it is true, is do ing but little ; but this little has been done without any other aid than what we derived from our yearly subscribers—and they are few in number. To them we feel ourselves much indebted, not only for the assistance they have afforded us, but for the free and generous manner iB which they have come forward, unsolicited, and tendered that as sistance. We trust there are many others, both gentlemen and ladies, who wish well to the institution, and would willingly con tribute to its support, if applied to. We therefore take this method of inviting them to subscribe ; and of informing them, that we make no personal applications whatever, lest we should extort unwillingly charity trom some, or cause others to bestow what they could not well spare. But we will thankful ly receive either subscriptions or donations ; and pledge ourselves to use both economy and caution in the disposal of what the bene volent may think fit to submit to our distri bution. By order of the Society, ELIZABETH VEITCH, Sec. Philadelphia, January 11. DIRECT TAXCS FOR 1815-16. it is understood that certain persons are traversing the several states, pretending to be purchasers of the estates of hundreds of citizens, for their default in not paying the Congress taxes of 1815. These persons share large deeds, drawn in a very formal manner, and signed by some Collector, by which pro perties to the amount of thousands and hun dreds of thousands of dollars, are prcteuded to be sold. Many entire estates, of immense value, knocked down, by the Collector, as he if called, for twenty dollars. These persons pretend that they hold deeds from the United States: and that no one can offer any plea a gainst the United Slates’ title ; and many unsuspecting persons, not knowing the tuti iity and fraud of all these claims, are per suaded to pay large sums and give bonds, to get clear of them. Now, it is prop* r to inform the public, that not one of these deeds are made by the Uni ted States; and that not a single sale o; con veyance, made by any ot the Collector* for the tax of 1815. is of the least validity: Eve ry person therefore who pays money, is de Jraudedt and may recover it back. And whoever have given bonds and mort gages to any of these sharpers, should imme diately advertise, and warn ail persons from taking an assignment, and also take out an attachment, or bring an action against these public imposters. It might be propogating a salutary caution if newspapers should copy this, as we are as sured of its truth, and the person from whom we have the tacts, has thorouhly examined the subject. [Union. Charleston, January 6. Ar. U. S. schr. Lynx, Lt. Corn’dt. Madi son, from a cruize in the Gulph ol Mexico, and on the Coast of Florida. The Lynx experienced very heavy weather, and in the Gulfspruug the mast. The Lynx touched at the Havana—The President’s message had been received there ; its mildness in not recommending an immediate forcible pos session ot the Floridas, was an agreeable sur prise. There are many Americans, perhaps 100, confined in the fortresses and prisous at the Havana, having been captured in Mexico, Florida and privateers ; they suf fer much from their treatment. The Capt. General has lately visited the prisons lo ex amine their cases, which gives them some hope of release. The following wrote to Lt. Comd’t. Madison for relief, relating the circumstance of their capture, viz. */ohr« L. Given, of South Carolina, taken at Amelia Island, September, 1817; A. .Hosraer, ta ken 1817 ; Keenan, passenger in sloop Al myra, in June, 1818—the Alrayra had a Pa triot commission on board, of which *he was ignorant ; Elisha Maze, taken in Florida, 1817, employed cutting timber for Mr. Snow; Wm. Harris and Thos. Woodward, | taken Aug. 1817, in an open boat on the I coast of Florida ; James Morris, taken of Cuba, October 1816 ; William Barker, for | cibly carried to Amelia, in July. 1817 ; Hezekiah Dickerinan* sentenced to 10 years ; hard labor for killing a man in his own de ' fence at Matanzas.—The last cruise of the Lynx was on the western coast of Louisiana and off Galvezton. The establishment is at present tinder Lafitte at Barritaria—he has lately been commissioned by General Long of Texas—he (Lafitte has, including the crews of 4 or 5 small vessels, generally cruizing,) about 2 or 300 men. Two open boats bearing commissions of Gen. Humbert, from uaiveston, Having roDDeu a piamer on the Marmento River, of negroes, money, <$*c, were captured in the Sabine by the boats of the Lynx—six of the men are now in custody awaiting their trial. One was hung by Lafitte. The L. also captured a small Gaivezton privateer and her prize, that had been for a length of time smuggling in the Maimento. [Times, MARYLAND. The following resolves have been adopted in the Legislature: Resolved, by the General Assembly of Ma ryland, That our Senators and Representa tives in Congress be requested to use their utmost endeavors, in the admission of the new states into the Union, to grant to such states all the rights and privileges of the states heretofore admitted, without requiring as a condition ot their admission, the inhibi tion ot involuntary servitude, or any other condition limiting their sovereign powers in a greater degree than the sovereign powers ot the original states tbrming the Union are limited and restrained. “ Resolved, That the Governor be request ed to transmit copies of the foregoing resolu lution to each of our Senators and Represen tatives in Congresss.” The vote thereon, in the House of Dele gates, was sixty to nine. From the National Intelligencer. CONGRESSIONAL PROCEEDINGS. IN SENATE. •Monday, January 10. Sundry memorials and petitions were pre sented and referred ; amongst them a peti j tion of the Bank of the Metropolis, for a i renewal of their charter. The president laid before the Senate a let ter from the commissioner of the General Land Office, transmitting a special report of the Register and Receiver of Public Monies of the Eastern District of Louisiana. The president also communicated the an nual report ot the commissioners of the Na vy Pension Fund. •Several private bills from the other House heretofore referred to committees ct the Se nate, were reported without amendment. 'Phe Senate resumed the consideration of the report of the committee on Pensions, made on tbe 5th instant, against the expedi ency of reviving the pension act of 18o6, and concurred therein. The resolution offered by Mr. Van Dyke on the 6th inst. was taken up and agreed to. The bill to continue for a limited tiin ccr i tain extra clerks in tbe offices of the Third Auditor and Second Comptrollt r, was taken up, amended, and ordered to a third read ing—[and was, on tiie following day, rea<’ a third time and passed.] Mr. Dicker-on’s resolution for amending the Constitution, was further postponed to Wednesday. I he engrosssed bill establishing a Circuit Court in the District ot Maine, was read a third time, passed, and sent to the other House. •— Tuesday, Jan. II. Mr. Williams, of Miss, from the committee on Public Lands, reported a bill, making further provision for the sale of public lands, which was read The following resolution, submitted yes terday, by Mr. Wilson, was taken up and agreed to : Resolved, That the committee on military affairs be instructed to enquire into the expe diencyot allowing tovfficers ot the .army a specitic sain monthly, in lieu of their pre* sent pay, rations, and emoluments. The following motion, submitted yester- , day, by Mr. Thomas, was taken up and a- j greed to. Resolved, That the commiitee on Public Lands be instructed to enquire into the ex pediency of establishing additional distiicts j for the sale of the public lands in the state of Illinois. '1 he lollowing resolution submitted yes terday.'oy Mr. Eaton, was al.o considered and agreed to: Resolved, That the Gommi -<e on the judi ciary he instructed to enquire whether any amendments can be made in the criminal code of the United Stales, by which to pu nish persons guilty oftorging papers or vouch ers necessary to the establishment of any claim* now or hereafter to be brought against the government of the United States. The Senate, in concurrence with a tno tion yesterday laid on the table by Mr. Ro berts, changed the hour of meeting, for the present, to 12 o’clock. The following written message was receiv ed from the President of the United States, by Mr. J. J. Monroe : To the Senate of the United States. In compliance with a resolution of the Senate of the 2oth January, 1819, request ingme to cause a report to be Jaianetore them, at their next session, of such facts as may be within the means of the government to obtain, shewing how far it may be expe dient, or not, to provide by law tor clothing the army with articles manulactured in the IJ. States :** I transmit a report Irom the Se cretary of war, which, with the accompaning documents, comprehends all the information required by the Senate in their resolution a foresaid. JAMES MONROE. Washington, January 8th, 1820. The message was read, and, with the do cuments, ordered to be printed. The senate resumed, as in committee of the whole, the bill from the house of repre sentatives, in addition to the act making ap propriations for the Navy for the year 1019. Mr. Pleasants, chairman of the naval committee, explained the causes which pro duced this bill, and which made this appro priation necessary, and took a view of its details, to satisfy the Senate of their propri ety ; alter which The bill was ordered to a third reading. The bill for the relief of the representa tive of Philip Barbour, deceased, was or dered to a third reading. The report of the committee on Pensions, unfavorable to the petition of Lathrop Davis, and that of the committee of claims unfavo rable to the petition of Thomas Hightower, were severally taken up and concurred in. Mr. Johnson, of Ky. laid on the table a re solution proposing an enquiry into the ex pediency of making further provisions for Ihe amelioration of the conoition of the In dians, and for securing the peace of the frontiers. .Agreeably to notice yesterday given, Mr. Hunter, asked leave, and intioduceda bill to continue in force an act providing for re porting the decisions of the supreme court; and After some minor business, The Senate adjourned. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. The following resolution was yesterday adopted on the motion of Mr. Cannon, but overlooked at the time. *’ Ixesolecl, That the committe on military affairs be instructed to enquire into the ex pediency ot reducing, or entirely stopping, the expenditures on military fortifications.” Mr. S. Moore presented the petition ot sundry farmers, citizens of Bucks county. Pa. on tiie subject ot the tariff, praying for such a modification of it as will aftord to the vari ous parts of domestic industry effectual sup port ; which was read and referred to the committee on manufactures. Mr. Anderson, from the committee on pub lic Lands, who were instructed “ to enquire * - ** J’ y ol granting to each state thousand acres, lor the endowment ot an uni versity in each state.” reported a resolution, “ That it is inexpedient to gram any tract of land to a state lor the purpose of endowing an University;” which report was read, and ord( red to lie on the table. Mr. Anderson, from the same committee, made a report on the petition of the Gene ral Assembly of the state of Illinois, for a donation ot 36 sections of wood land for the support of the Saline on Shoal Creek,adverse to the prayer of the petition ; which was also ordered to lie on the table. Mr. Kent, from the committee for the Dis trict of Columbia, to whom was referred the memorial ol the board of trustees for the Washington Infirmary, reported adversely to the said memorial ; which report was a dopted by the House. Mr. Kent, trom the same committee, re ported a bill for the benefit of the Columbian Institute f*r the promotion of arts and scien ces in the city of Washington ; which was twice read and made the order of the day for Monday next. Mr. Simkins submitted the following reso exceeding one hundred lulion : Resolved, That the committee on the judi ciary be instructed to enquire into the expe diency of amending the act of congress con cerning the faith and credit to be given to the records and judicial proceedings of the courts of any state, authenticated and pro duced in evidence in any other court within the U • S. and the effect thereof. This resolution having been read, Mr. Strother moved that it lie on the table; which ' i motion being rej« eted, the resolution was then adopted. On motion of Mr. Slocumb, it was Resolved, That the committee on the judi ciary be instructed to enquire into the expe diency of pioviding by law for the recovery ot interest on all balances admitted to be due to the United States by receivers or holders of public money, commencing at the time at which their accounts are made up, though not finally acted on, until paid; An»i farther, if the accounts are not ren dered at the proper department within the Ihne prescribed by law, that they enquire in to the expediency ol charging interest on the whole sum in the hands of said defaulter, from the time the;samevras received,until the accounts are thus rendered. On motion of Mr- Pindall, it was Resolved, That the committee on the Ju diciary be instructed to enquiie into the ex pediency of altering the time for holding the Courts of the judicial district of Viigfuia west of the Alleghany mountain. The House then, on motion of Mr. Tay lor, went into committee of the whole, Mr. Livermore in the chair, on the report of the committee of Elections on the memorial of Robert C. Mallary, contesting the election ofOrasmus C. Merrill, of Vermont. The report (which is adverse to Mr. Mer rill, the sitting member,) having been read by the Clerk— Mr Whitman, of Massachusetts, rose, and opposed it at length, and argued in favor of the right of the sitting member ; after which Mr. Mallary, who had been assigned a seat in the house during this discussion, rose, and occupied the floor in a speech of up wards of one hour in length, /in maintaining his right to the seat in question ; and, hav ing concluded, The committee rose, reported propress, obtained leave to sit again ; and the docu ments in the c?ase were ordered to be print ed.—And the House adjourned. YELLOW STONE EXPEDITION. Letter from the Quarter Master General to the Secretary if IVar Quarter Master General’s Office, JJecemoer 28, m9. Sir—In obedience to >our order, re quiring a statement of the expense in curred by the movements on the Mis souri, and an estimate of the sums which will be required for the ensuing three years, I Ini', e the honor to report, that several of the a» counts connected with those movements have not yet been received, parliculaly that of colonel James Johnson, who was employed as a transporter of troops, provisions, and stores. But on the most liberal esti mate, I am convinced that the whole ex pensc ol the movement for the present year, including ail the supplies furnish ed by the Quarter Master’s Depart ment, cannot ex< eed one hundred and sixty-three thousand o. ll.rs. From that sum should be deducted the exp* nso which would have accrued nad the troops remained at their ioimer stations, as well as the entire value of the »,a ges, batteuiix, and other means ol transpor tatiou i tnc property of the gov, rmnem) attached to Uie expedition $ and me re mainder will be tiie amount of expense actually incurred. As the establish ments on the Mississippi are included in the plan of defence for the western frontier, it is thought that a statement of tlie movements made, of the works established, and of the expense incurred, might not be unsatisfactory. By a reference to the accompanying statements, it will be seen that the ex penses of the establishment, both on the Missouri and tlie Mississippi, will di mmish every year. Those statements arc predicated upon arrangements al ready made lor the supply of a part of the provisions, all the forage, fuel and quaitcrs, and alter the next year, the greater part of the transportation, by tne troops, and at but trilling expense to the public. .No. 1. shows the movements and the works established by the troops, un both rivers. No. 2. is a statemen ot the expense incurred by the movement on the Mis souri, and an estimate of the probable expense for the ensuing thicc y- ars.— You will perceive (but tiie two re gtmenls have cost sixty-tour thousand two lmmlivd ami twenty-six. dollars more than (1117 would have cost iiad they remained at tin ir original stations, >Y itli that additional expense one of the regiments has been moved m arly three thousand miks; barracks have been e reeied lor a thousand men, and an im portant work lias been established, winch will enable us to hold in cheek live powerful and warlike nations of In dians. i\0, C. is a statement of tiic expense incurred in making the establishment on the Mississippi, with an estimate ot the amount required for the next three years. The troops on that rivir have cost less than they would have cost at their former stations, in consequence of their having provided boats, fuel, quar ten?, 6cc. without expense to the govern ment. The greater part of the tranpor latior. an llic Mississippi r,;i< i. , in future, bv the troops, bv" ll (:;e.'“"'e. siderablc sum will be sat ml ' a l (lr‘ No. 4 is a statement of ii,P . which it is projiosed tbarthe KSo,> employed. It is believed thatT ^ worka may be accomplished i„ i,,.7 three years; they will be im any plan of defence, partinda,|'\'1 nitids, and the avenue formed bv e Fox ami On,scons,n liters ^ J oe necessary In afiord a coinmuniJ1 between the several frontier |!0st a between those posts and Jur incuts. Sft|k' SIP> your I have the honor to be, obedient servant. THOMAS JESU|\ quarter Master General The Jim. J. C. Calhoun, ' ' Secretary of IVar. [ Tallies ,\ru. 2 ami 3 ezhihit -> - liy the Expedition to the Mh+E* lor 1819 and the three surceeiiinTv'if' compared with what Hum*,. ’ their have been, had the troops lein ii? ;heir former static,ns, of e id an extra exnense f..,. compar would ed at the 84 ; and an extra expense for the Nl” souri expedition, estimated fur the * term, of 831,S6*-re.ultin,' in^ 111 the bourse tit four years, in the 1, expeditions, ol S42.485 84.] 0 [A’ut. Jntellisencet No. 4. Summary of the movements whirl,« nn made by the troop., comport Missouri and Mississippi expeditions in be course of the ensuing season, and the manner in which it U pron0! sprl trt pmnlnv tlmm sed to employ them. It is proposed to move the rifle fPe: raent from the Council JJ|u(f3 to [j|B Mandan villages, and to erect barracks there, properly defended, for five him drod men. To remove some of the principle ob. structions to the navigation of the Mis souri river, such as planters, sawyers and rafts ; this work may be accorm ; pushed by the troops on tiie Missouri, in the course of three winters. To open a road from Chariton in the Missouri Territory, to the Council UlufTs, and thence to the Mandan villa, ges. To open a road from the Council Rluffs to the post at the mouth of St. Peter’s, on the Mississippi. To improve the navigation on the Ousconsin and Fox rivers, and connect them by a canal, or good road, in or der to facilitate the communication be tween fort Howard, at Green Bay, and Prairie do Cliien, on the Mississippi; those rivers are navigable forbatteaux? with mi one mile of each other. INDIAN JUHISPKUDENCE. The Cherokccs, it is said, have esta blished something like a judiriarv sys tem, and introduced into their society, many of the laws and uses of civiliza tion. Some of their savage institutions are disappearing under the ameliorating influence of moral juste c. As a speci men * f the manner in which they dis pense justice in ease of trivial import, we l-ela'e the following anecdote, sail to be authentic: An Indian assaulted another, of which regular information was made. The judge ordered the sheriff to bring the parties before him. The sheriff went in pursuit of’th'nn. but returned wi thuut them. “ Where are your prisoners said the judge. “1 caught tilem,,, re plied the sheriff. “ H hat did you do with them?” “I gave the defendant fifteen lashes.” “What did you do with the plaintiff?” “Gavehim fifteen toft.” < hat wi;h the informer, or witness?” “Why I gave him twenty-live lashes— For had he held his tongue, there would have been none of this fuss and trouble. It would be well if all the dispensation of justice could be so equally an* promptly administered. [Savannah Museum boon’s lick vegetables. Mr. Welsh, residing near this plat raised this season, a Beet, weigh! j fourteen and a half pounds—and a perl nip four feet six inches in length. Ail tlier gentleman in this vicinity, raised | turnip weighing fourteen and u hi< pounds. We have heard of numeral other instances of large vegetable pi ductions of this quarter. From the N. York, Com. Adv.Jan. II. U. S. SENATOR. ^ On Saturdaylast, the Hon. RlIFUSKI^ last evening. W'e understand, that ifl Senate the vote was entirely unanimous that, in the Assembly, every member vu'e for Mr. King1, with the exception of thrct* the New-York Delegation. We should b to consider this as the commencement o “era of good feelings $” and to congra, late the public on its arrival. The opposition trio, we understaud, wer Messrs. Crollus, Heeney and Hunter!