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GAZETTE AND, Alexandria Daily Advertiser. .—■ -■ PUBLISHM) BY SAMUEL SNOWDEN, ROYAL-STREET. ••___ » -—. , ■ Daily Gazelle, 7 dolls...Country. 6 dolls. ~~ FRIDAY, MAY 5. J820._ ...v JggJKr - '•'KrtWffiS*1.SS Cora Morris, we learn, has resigned ,l,e command of the United States squadron, (viz: the Constellation, John Adams, ana Nonsuch,) recently on a cruise on the coast of South America, and has repaired to Por*s mouth, New-Hatnpshire, as Captain-Com rnandaut ol the United States Navy Y ard at that station. He left this city on Sunday Captain Charles G. Ridgely, of the Uni ted States Navy, has arrived at the Mansion Hotel. _t« ty g«*» Charleston, April 28. Extract of a letter, dated Mantsnzas, April 19, 1820. This moment I have witnessed the ratifi cation of the Constitution of the Cortes ; the Governor and Cavildo quietly surrendering their powers iuto the hands of the people, who will immediately, by vote, select Al cades to govern them. This ceremony took place at Havana, on the 17th inst. It would appear, the army and populace uniting, compelled the Captain-General to yield to the torrent of almost universal ap probation, and to swear to the Constitution, without waiting an answer trom the auden cia, at Principe, for their opinion—a period of twelve days being requested. And just now the oaths of the Governor and Cavildo, and signatures, were obtained, amidst the applause of the “million.” The town being all joy and contusion, does uot permit me to say more than that, as one of the ‘ million, I give my most hearty wishes for a lonn of government gradually progressing to that ot my native country—trial by jury, civil over ecclesiastical power, 4*c. From the JYew-York Daily Advertiser. There appears to be an extraordinary de gree of uneasiness and turbulence ot spirit in various parts of Europe at the present time. An unexampled revolution has taken place in Spain within a short period, begun, apparently, almost by accident, and accom plished with scarcely a struggle. In France, it is very evident, the go vernment are alarmed with apprehensions ot dilficulty, whether well or ill tounded does not appear. In Great Britain much disturbance exists, growing, perhaps, partly from the excite ment of a general election, but more Irom the machinations ot their desperate spirits, commonly called “ Radical Reformers. In Scotland, the discontented appear to wear very nearly the aspect of insurgents. This is particularly the case among the Highlander*, aud in the neighborhood ct Glasgow. In Ireland, disturbances still exist, and very atrocious violations oi the peace are committed in various places. There, things have come to such a pass, as to call tor strong military torce to quell riots and ex cesses. Every species of violence is com mitted, blood has been shed, lives lost, and large portions of the country exhibit scenes of tumult and disorder, ol alarm and dis may. From what little we Tcan discover, we should think the government of Great Bri tain would rather gain than lose strength by the late election. This was naturally to be expected, after the factious and treasonable conduct of such men as Hunt and Cobbet, of Preston and Thistlewood. The two for mer had the assurance to set themselves up as candidates for the House of Commons.— Hunt fell through in good season. Cobbett, who set up for Coventry, attempted to beg money enough from his partizans to pur chase his way into Parliament, hut without success ; they were not to be gulled out oi their cash. The consequence was, that they “ put him into Coventry,” and there left him. What will grow out of the general discon tent, spread over so large a surface of that quarter of the globe, we do not know. W e should think that the experience they have so recently had of revolution, would keep them back from the madness of trying it again. But there are always, in every coun try, desperate mf n enough to run all risques, and to incur all responsibilities, for the pos sible chance of increasing their own power and emolument. We think the following extract from the London Morning Chronicle of 28th Feb. gives an explanation of tbe prtsent state ot oui relations with Spain. We do not recol lect to have seen it published before in this country. [Balt. Amer* The following appeared in the British Monitor of yesterday, and no doubt, as tar as it goes, is founded on derni official autho rity. We have only to add, as our private opinion, that if such are the terms of ratifi cation carried over by General Vives to the United States, King Ferdinand might well have saved himself the trouble and ex pence of sending a new minister across the Atlantic; but tor a moment we cannot be lieve that our Government, with all the Flo rida Papers before them, could expect a compliance with conditions so truly ridicu lous. Madrid, Feb. 14. General Vives, who goes as our new Mi nister Plenipotentiary to the U. States, is the bearer of the ratification on the part of our government, of the Treaty of the Ces sion of the Floridas, and that too with the full and entire approbation of the Court oi London. The ratification is conditional— America must recognize the grants of lands which took place anterior to the treaty, and she must also discountenance the S. Ameri can expeditions fitting out in her ports ; then and then only will the King’s ratification be delivered. From the National Intelligencer• CONGRESSIONAL PROCEEDINGS. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, Monday, May 1. Mr. Tyler of Va. has obtained leave of absence, on account of the state ol bis health. Mr. Upham. Mr. Jones of Virgi nia, and Mr. Barbour obtained leave of absence on account of the state of their domestic concerns requiring their presence—the first from this day, the second from Wednesday next, and the latter from Thursday next. Mr. Dickinson presented a petition of sundry merchants and traders, resi ding in various places in the interior of the'state of New York and other states praying that a duty not exceeding ten per centum may be imposed on all goods at auction, which was referred. Mr. Street, from the committee on pensions, reported without amendment the Senate's b’U “ for the relief of K benezer Stevens, and Austin L. Sands, and the bill was referred to a committee of the whole House. Mr. Silsbre, from the committee on naval affairs, reported a hill to prevent the commanders* ard other officers in the NaAa! Service of the United States from accepting of any present or emo lument of any kind whatever from any King, Prince, or foreign state, and for other purposes: which was twice read and ordered to he engrossed for a third reading. Mr. Silsbee from the same committee also delivered in the following report : The Committee on naval affairs have, ac cording to order, had under consideration a resolution directing an inquiry “ into theex pediency of so modifying the act establish ing a board of commissioners of the navy, as to make the secretary of the navy, for the time being,the presiding officer o! that board; : and also ol so limiting the tenor of the com missions oi the members thereof, as to secure i the accumulating experience apd talents of our naval commanders in >hat department, by a periodical rotation in office;” and sub mit the following report:—T he act entitled ' an act to alter and amend the several acts for establishing a navy department, by add ing thereto a board ot commissioners,” pio vides that the board so constituted shall lie attached to the office of the secretary of the na vy y and, under his superinUndance, shall dis charge all the duties therein specified; and that the record of their proceedings shall, at all times, be subject his inspection. As it would be often inconvenient, and sometimes impracticable, for the secretary of the navy, to meet the board of commis sioners, as their presiding officer, without neglecting other and more important duties, and as the secretaiy is, by the aforesaid act, already vested with a supervising and con trolling power of the acts and proceedings of the board of commissioners, the commit tee do not perceive the necessity ot such a modification of the said act as is contempla ted by the first inquiry diiected by the reso lution, or that the public service would be bpneritted thereby. The committee are the more disposed to this opinion, from the consideration that the limits of jurisdiction between the secretary and the board seem to be perfectly under stood by each, and that no conflicting claims exist between them on this subject. The committee are not advised whether the resolution contemplates the secretary to be a constituent part of the board, and at the same time possessed of the control andsu , perintepdance of its proceedings, or merely j the piesiding officer, with a casting vote. In the latter case, the benefit to be derived from the superintenJance of one officer over others under distinct responsibilities, as well as the circumspection naturally resulting from such responsibility, would be entirely lost. In the former case the commissioners would be lit tle more than advisory, and, in that propor tion, bereft of responsibility. In relation to the second enquiry directed by the resolution, viz, “ of so limiting the tenor of the members of the board of com missioners, as to secure the accumulating ex perience and talents of our naval command eis in that department, by a periodical rota tion in office.” the committee beg leave to re mark, that the duties of the commissioners of the navy board are not merely such as ap pertain to a mere naval officer, but extend to other and important subjects, with which ! such officers cannot be supposed to be fa miliarly acquainted ; they relate not only to the contracting for, and procurement of, all articles necessary for the armament, equip ment, and provisioning of the public ships, but also to the constructing and repairing of those ships, to effectuate which objects, in the cheapest and best manner, requires a full knowledge not only of tl£ places at which ! mate ials and every ibing needful for these purposes, can most advantageously be pro ("cured, but also with persons in difleren' sec tions of (he country, 'with whom they c*n with the greatest reliance, moke their con tracts. The investigation of the committee, has ted them to the conclusion, that too mucti time has not yet been allowed to the present commissioners,to obtain that intelligence and experience which is desirable to the most advantageous discharge of these duties, an to perfect such a system in their department as will unfold to their successors all the ad vantages of their labors, which, in the esti mation of the committee, have been such, as are honorable to themselves, and high y beneficial to the public interest. The committee would only add, mat a periodical rotation in office, from a given number, would preclude choice, ™icn a rotation, instead of “securing the acrumu latintT experience and talents of our naval commanders.” might possibly endanger the board with qualifications opposite from ttio.'re intended. . Under these impressions, the committee are of opinion, that although occasional shanges in the hoard of commissioners may, and probably would be productive o( public benefit, yet that these may with salety be left to the discretion of the executive ; and therefore, that it is inexpedient, at this time,4 to make any modification of the act under which the said board of commissioners is es tablished, , . And the report was ordered to lie on the table. A motion was made by Mr. Robert son that the committee to which is re ferred the resolution from the Senate fixing a period for the termination of the present session of Congress he dis charged from the further consideration thereof; and the question being taken thereon, it was decided in the affirma tive. The House then proceeded to consi der the said resolution ; when Mr. Robertson moved to amend the same by striking out (( 24t!i day cl A pnl next,” and inserting “ 8th of May instant.” Mr. Smith of Maryland, moved to insert “ 15th of May insl.” instead of the time proposed to be stricken out. Mr. Tailor then moved that the re solution lie on table; which motion was negatived. Mr. Little then moved to postpone the resolution until Monday next; w lien Mr. I rimnie moved mar it ite on me table: wbicli motion was negatived by yeas and nays. 76 votes to 75. The question \vac then taken on the motion of Mr. Little, that the resolu tion he postponed until Monday next* and decided in the negative, by yeas and nays, 98 votes to 60. Mr. Baldwin then moved that the re solution be recommitted to the select committee who have be»n ibis day dis charged from its further consideration. Upon this motion and those which preceded it# there was a great deal of debate on the point?, fust, whether the business necessary to he done could he transacted by Monday next ; and se condly whether the fixing a dav for the adjournment of Congress would have a tendency to accelerate the progress of , public business. The latter point was generally conceded ; hut the discussion ended in the motion being postponed to Wednesday, on motion ot Mr. Holmes, on the ground that in the mean time «.-uph information might be in possession of Members as would enable them to decide more understanding!)' on the day at which it. would he practicable, with a due regard to the public interest to ad journ. The. hill from the Senate for the re lief of John H. Piatt, was called up ; but, on the question, the House refused by a small majority, now to proceed to the consideration o! the bill. DISTRICT RANKS* The House then proceeded to the un finished business. The first subject in order, was a motion, made on Saturday last, to reconsider the vote whereby the amendment of the Senate to the District Bank Bill was agreed to. Mr. M ercer supported, at comidcra ble length, the no tion for re-considera tion. In the course of his speech though he admitted there was some difference of opinion among those interested on the subject of the bill which passed this house, it wras, he contended, such a dif f renew of opin»on as would exist in regard to any legislation which might be proposed in regard to these banks, and was not such as to outweigh the considerations in favor of the bill 6cc. He exa'dried, in detail, the state, of the Banks, and shewed it to he such as compared with that of Banks in o ♦her parts of the Union was highly fa vorable to them. He was of opinion, on the whole, that the question respect ing these Banks had better be decided now that: postponed to the next session, which would be the effect of finally ac cepting the amendment of the Senate. The motion for re-consideration was opposed by Mr. M’Coy and Mr. South aid, on the ground that tue hill, as a mended by the Senate, afforded, on the one hand, every indulgence the banks had a right to expect, and on the other, would, if the banks were to be further renewed, allow of time to devise a sys tem for that purpose, which should he generally satisfactory to the stockhol ders. The question for rc*cdn.sW« lotion was decided in the negativrt 63 to 54. The question is therefore settled in ]})oth Houses of Congress ; and the hill S as it has passed, and requires only the signature of the President to become a law, is in the shape in which it was put by the Senate. SENATE. Tuesday, May 2. On motion of Mr. Dickerson, it was or dered that the committee of commeice and l manufactures, to which had been referred j the tariff bill, have leave to sit this day during the sitting of the Senate. Mr. Trimble, of Ohio, laid upon the ta* ble the following resolutions— t. Resolved, That the Secretary ot war rause to be prepared and laid belore the Senate, at the commencement of the next session of Congress, a plan fur employing | the ar.».y in making a minute and accurate survey ol the inland frontier of the United t States, together with an estimate of the ad ditional expense which may be annually J required for that object. I 2.v> Resolved, That the Secretary of the ! Navy cause to be prepared and laid before j the Senate, at the commencement of the next session of Congress, a plan fur em ploying the navy in completing a minute and accurate survey of the coast of the U. | States, together with an estimate of the ad : ditional expenses which may be annually required for that object. 3. Resolved, That the Secretary of the i Treasury cause tr be prepared and laid be fore the Senate, at- the commencement of the next session of Congress, a statement of the money which bas been annually ap propriated and paid, since the year I775. for surveying the sea coa^t, bavs. inlets, harbors, and shoals, and for erecting, sup plying, and keeping in repair, light houses, i beacons, and bouys, and tor the purchase of 1 the ground upon which the same may have been erected. Mr. Roberts presented the memorial ot sundry merchants of Philadelphia, against an increase of the duties on imports. The bill from the other house, to ‘£ pre vent the commanders and other officers in the naval service of the United States, from accepting of any present, or emolument of any kind whatever, from any king, prince, or foreign state, and for other purposes, was twice read by general consent, and re ferred to the naval committee. The resolution offered yesterday by Mr. Pleasants, respecting navy regulations, was taken up and agreed to. The report of the committee on naval affair* unfavorable to the petition of Archi bald B. Lord, was taken up and agreed to. Mr Lloyd presented the memorial of sun dry merchants and other.*, of Baltimore, praying the exclusion of South American privateers from the Chesapeake bay, and to designate certain ports for their entry ; which wras referred to the committee ot fo reign relations. The bill to revive the powers of the com ! misssioners for adjusting land claims in the district of Detroit, £c was taken up and further considered, in committee of the i whole, and ordered to a third reading ; as ! was abo the bill for the relief of the heirs of Henry Willis. j The bills from the other house for the re lief of the heirs of Abijab Hunt; for the j relief of John M’Grew and others ; and for the relief of Elkanah Finney, were several ly read the third time, passed, and rtturn ! J ed to the other house. 7’he Senate spent some time in commit tee on the bill concerning invalid pension ers ; after which the bill was laid over un til to-morrow. The bill tor the relief of Louis Joseph de , Beaulieu, a captain in Pulaski’s legion, jn the revolutionary war, praying to be pla ced on the pension list under the act of March, 1818, was taken up in committee of ! the whole. The bill was so amended as to require the petitioner to relinquish any other i pension which he now receives from the U. ! Stales ; and, On the question of ordering the hill to a third reading, it was decided in the nega tiee, by yeas and nays— Ayes 15 Noes 17 So the bill was rejected ; and. Alter the consideration of Executive bu ! sincss, The Senate adjourned. HOUSE OF RE Pll K S ENT AT IVE S. Tuesday, May £. Mr. Van Rensslaer presented (a few days ago) a petition from sundry merchants of the city of Albany, praying that a duty of lo 1 per cen’ may be laid on all sales at auction, except Sheriff’s sales. And the petition was leferred. On motion of Mr. Edwards, of Conn, the judiciary committee were instructed to en quire into the expediency of authorising the j marshal of the district of Connecticut to j make use of Newgate prison for confining j to hard labor persons sentenced by the Uni i ted States Court in that District, £c. pro* ; vided, the state shall make it the duly ot i the keeper of said prison to keep safely all prisoners committed. i The bill from the Senate, for the relief of 1 John H. Piatt, was taken up and ordered to i be read a third time to* morrow. I The bill from the Senate, to regulate the fee# of the CleA and M.ns iu] of tl t L ' trict C ourt oi the U. States, for ^ J” trict of Lou isfena, was t»v ice rend u*a auan« c&? tnilted. \ 'I he lull from the Senate, to Ic?uj.. the Medical department of the Arriy twice read and ordered to U* read, .V" time to*morrow. 1 The engrossed bill to prevent t|lec. raanders, and other officers in the nava! vice of the. United States, from accept of any present or emolument of any ^ ' | whatever,Ilium any king, punce,or f0rt^ j state, and for other purposes; was rta(f‘ third time, passed, and sent to the*/ for concurrence. t,J' The bill for the relief of Susannahs!,., art was taken up, and ordered to he ! grossed for a third reading. DUTIES ON SALES AT AL'CTTOX. The house having resolved itsc.|[jM committee of the whole, Mr. T-.vhr . /Hr» m | chair, cn the hill lor Icy it gduties on 5 i at auction, the bill was lead through rl’be following is the first section j contains the marrow of the bill | Be it enacted, be That from an j v the-day ot --next, there shall bit i vied and paid, tor the use of the n • j Stales, upon all sales by way of auction I hereinafter described, which shall he I,!?5 | within the U. States, the respective p* and duties for every hundred dollars op? purchase money arising on the sale by i tion, ot goods, wares and merchandize ‘ wit ; on all articles manufactured in tbeC , States, one dollar ; on all articles o't for^ ; growth or manufacture not hereinafterV i numerated, two dollars; on woolen cot ton, and linen manufactures ot alt de’ciii. tions, or ot which wool, flax, and cotton £ ; either, is the material ol chief value gV-> of all kinds, iron, steel hemp, cordage^ ed or untarred, twines, silks, nankeens ; ready made clothing, all articles manufac tured from iron, steel, copper, brass, pes ter, lead or tin, or of which these metal? c* either i f them, is the material of chief va loe, china ware, earthen ware, stone musical instruments, hats, caps, and bon nets of all kinds, umbrellas and parasols, dressed or tanned -kins, cabinet wares, lea I ther, and all ma> • f elures oi wood or lea K ther, or of which the leather is the article oil chief value, paper, of every description I i and all articles of the above description itl ! part manutactured, printed books, cork', gol d 1* af, — ten dollars; and at* the saw rate for any greater or les-er sum, except as hereinafter excepied. The said respec tive rates and duties to be paid by the auc tioneer, or person making such sales i. auction, out of the moneys arising fromeacr. and every such sale. And if 'any good.-, wares and merchandize, shall be sold i: auction in any other manner, or in any lea quantities, dimensions or weight, than the contained in the original bales or packets in which they shall have been imported, th -re shall be levied and paid an addition1; sum of five dollars for every hundred do.1 | larsolthe purchase money arising from sees i sales : Provided, that nothing in this act cot ! tained shall extend to any sale or sales by auction of goods, wares and ’merchandize, made pursuant to, or in execution of. any iu e, order, decree, -entence, or judgment, of any court, or judicial officer of the lA either ofthcin.or made in viitue, or by for:: of any distress for rent, or otln*r causti:r which a distress is allowed by law ; or made in consequence of any bankruptcy or insci* vency, pursuant to any law concemiog bankruptcies or insolvencies; or made in consequence of any general assignment ot property and effect-, lor the benefit of creci • tors ; or made byr, or on behalf of executes or administrators, or made pursuant to the i directions of any law of the (J. S. or either 1 of them, touching the collection ol any t^ or duty, or disposal Ly auction cf pubs:, propei ty of the (j. S. or ot any state; nor* any such sale or sales by auction, of ship’' their tackel, apparel, and furniture, (J ■ the c-.rgoos ot any ships or vessels, j’tv i shall be wrecked or stranded within the j S. and sold for the benefit of the insurers. I proprietors thereof. This section being under consideration Mr. Baldwin, the chairman of the <-'■ mittee of manufactures, delivered an sition of the views of the committee inre porting the bill, and the reasons by1';;' he was induced to urge its passage, system of auctions he described as a mc>.: oly in the hands of a few persons in the Wi towns, and a fair subject for taxation present operation ot the sales at auction foreign merchandize, he argued, was tc-• place the fair trader, by inundating • country with worthless goods at reduce ces ; and its effect had been, connected^ other causes, to throw our commerce the hands of foreigners, and bank:ups - tair American merchant, at the same - that it also destroyed the occupation o1 helpless but industrious retailer, ln^ff of his argument, he advanced various1 shewing the great extent to which fh|5^ 1 tion business is carried on in the c°,J“ &C. , Mr. Storrs, in the course of some ft® ; which he made on this subject, avow* ^ | willingness to throw some furlhe* |[T1? • ments in the way of foreign merchant , gaged in trade in this country, not be * ! it to be the interest ot the countr) t a retail trade should be carried on by ^ | capital. From considerations whir i larged upon, Mr. S. said he should this bill, provided the duties propose laid were not so high as to prohibit -a ^ auction altogether. Such, he appr*JL>f< would be the effect of the duty0 cent, proposed in the above section. * assigned several reasons why he ^ auction sales ought not to be vv!.° y dieted,at the same time that he thou?