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AND ilie-vnmlrin T) iily Advertiser. 1-CBLiSHRD BV S AMU (CL SNOWDEN, H')Y AL—STREET. WEDNESDAY, MAKCH £8, 18 1 (OR TUF. ALEXANDRIA GAZETTE. Oialo^ue bcl-zveen an inhabitant of ipper vilit and :>n inhabitant of Leesburg. U. So Mr. L. I understand you intend ?t»M to support Col. Mercer as a candidate at the next election L. Certainly, why should I not? C. Indeed I cannot >ay I have much fault •o find with Col. Mercer; but Mr. Bailey. L. It gives me much pleasnre Mr. U. to i;ir' u «-ay. that you have not much fault , to :ii» i with Col. Mercer, and still more tl*at 'Ir. Bailey, who has thought fit to op pose his re-election, ha* gone further, and in ^nonqualified manner, has approved oft the ;>ait col. Mercer has acted throughout ; as our representative—it to me appears, i therefore, inconsistent in Mr. Bailey, to be a candidate now—it m*y be presumed that tho*e uiio wish him elected, could assign 1 ‘ome reason it they would—Perhaps Mr. U. j you can. u. I have several reason?— I he nature of our government requires our public servants ’o learn, that their tenure of office is to be determined by the people. L. Surely—It is indeed one of the very best features of our excellent constituting that an unfaithful or incompetent public ser vant, can. without any inconvenience, be set aside, lor one who may be presumed better qualified to fill the place. The great evil in other governments would seem to be this—that a king, tho’ a fool, must be king still, and the minister, appointed by the fool, ami though a knave, must be the mi nister still. U. I hat i? what I want, a rotation in ot Hce. and Mr Bailey L. Not so fast Mr. U, tho* the principle of rotation, is excellent when properly un di rs'oo I i judiciously exercised, it surely never was intended to pu» out a faithful and capable agent, merely for the sake of rota tion. Let us try the principle—We can suppose the condition of a ship at sea with a >ki'ful pilot; but the crew are republican, as we are, and they insist in order to exer cise th- favorite p wer of rotation, to put the he'rn into the hands of another, who has never attempted it beiore, an 1 who, by an un-ki'iul touch, may occasion the loss of the whole; or, what may be as well under stood, an army ot volunteers may reserve the power of chousing their officers: They, have bad a brave, skilful and successful com mander—ought the principle cf rotation to induce that army, to give the command to one of no experir nee—especially, it in an enemy’s country? U. That is a different caee, and I confess 1 should vote against taking the helm out of a skilful hand—especially if a storm threat ened. or giving the command to an untried soldier, wi en an enemy's army was in sight; but in our happy country, every man has so good au idea cf liberty and law. that it does no! require much experience to make a legislator. Besides, the re Tare so many old meml ers in congress, that a few new mem bers would not do much harm. W e had some time ago, a member ot the assembly, who having the advantage of newspaper in formation, w as thought by a majority of us, likely not to make a bad member, and f ne ver heard of much harm lie did; and Mr. Bailey L. Didyouevpfhearwh.it good he did? Th«*re may not he a perfect analogy between a pilot or commander, and a representative in Congress hut it was introduced to shew t e advantage ot rotation in iffice, or rather ot the choice ot our agents being in the people, that were an unskilful pi lot at the helm, or had a coward the command of au army; they might he re moved and more suitabli men put » their places, am? tor the same reason, if the pilot were skiltul and wakeful, and the general brave and successful, they m:ght be conti nued ip their posts. So were our represen tative ignorant, inactive, and selfish, we ought to rbandon him, and if no one nee competent, more experienced than Mr. Hai ley, should appear as a candidate—try him. But Mr. Bailey says. Col. Mercer has ac quitted himself well—He entirely approves what he ha* done, and I presume, there is not a freeholder in the district, with a tol erable acquaintance with him, but will at once admit that Col. Mercer is not ignorant, nor inactive, nor selfish. He acquired by •evere study, an education such as few in the district possess—certainly Mr. Bailey does not- When in the legislature of Vir ginia, he was allowed to be the most ac tive member of the house. I heard him«elt declare at a public meeting, that during his seven year’s service in the assembly, he lost but one day. I have heard another fad which 1 wiM mention as an evidence tha* be is n »t selfish. Having on a certain oc casion >rought in a bill, and wishing it to have every advantage, he moved that it Wight be printed for the use of the mem- I bers. which was refused. Perhaps many . would have been satisfied with this, but not i the active, disinterested Mercer, at his own cost and at the expense ofa sleepless nigh:, he had a copy for every member at the time of meeting the next day. U. I must confess (hit was doing more ! than I should have done, or expected Mr. Bailey to do And to be honest, I have beard that Col. Mercer acquitted himselt well in the Assembly; but I have not heard ; so much of his influence in Congress. L. This has been occasioned by two things—the scene was changed, and he met other men. He was the principal member of the Virginia legislature, and we suppos- | ed he must at once be so in congress. But if Col A/eicer with his education and seven years apprenticeship in the assembly, found himself not in a situation to be greatly dis tinguished at once, what would a raw re cruit do ? But Col. Mercer has not been idle, has not been useless—I might refer you, Mr. U. to some of the leading mem bers of the Baptists—Doct. Staughton and j Mr.O. Brown, of the city-to him they give the principal credit for obtaining a College in the district; they wish to obtain his like ness to be hung up in the hall of the Col lege that future generatit ns may know the man who did so much for them. Enquire also at the Banking Institutions in the dis trict—they tell you his service in their ca«e ought never be forgotten. But for his ac tivity, pcrseverence and influence, while the house was engrossed with the Missouri question, what might have been the pecu niary embarrassment of this country. But Mr. U what has Mr. Bailey to effer why he should represent this district? U. Mr. Bailey is a most obliging neigh bor— this I know by experience—-and he is very useful in settling differences among us ; in a word, I think him a very fit man. L. Suppose this is all you can say.—I am told he it not a magistrate; I am told h. has no commission in the militia; I am told his education, tho’ very ample to make him a good neighbor, and to q'alifyjiim to settle a dispute between two friends, is quite a common oo>—all, therefore, you say in his tavor appear* to me calculated to salisfyyou. Mr. U., and even Mr. Bailey himself, that ihe step he has taken has been taken unad visedly; and as every good citizen ought to wish >he prosperity of his country, so you and your good neighbor, it is to be hoped, will think better ot it, and cordially sup port the election of Colonel Mercer. From the Norfolk Heralds March 23. FOKTHER PARTICULARS Relative to the murder of P. Lagoardette. Knowing the anxiety of our readers to he intormed of every incident that transpires in relation to this most horrid aff• ir, we pro ceed to lay before them the following addi tional particulars which have come to our knowledge since our last publication. Yesterday the two Spaniards mentioned in the account we gave in Wednesday's p *per. and against whom circumstances had excited a strong suspicion of criminality, were taken up and brought before an exam ining court, specially convened. They were apprehended by a party ofcitizens authori sed by the Mayor to go in pursuit of them, yesterday morning, at day-break, on the beach at Sewell’s Point As (he e>coit with the prisoners entered the town, the sfree's through which they pwed were thronged with spectators, eager to get a sight ol 1 lie ^opposed murderers, and to learn the circumstances of their cap ture. At 12 o’clock llje prisoners were led into court, followed by the crowd, which in a little time collected in so brge a mass, that every avenue and cornel ot the Hall was completely blocked up, ami the efforts of the attending officers* to clear the Bar were totally unavailing—The prisoners ! were therefore placed immediately below the Bench where the witnesses also took their places. We were fortunate enough to obtain a favorable situation for hearing the examination, which, in consequence of a perpetual buz that the repeated calls of “ silence!” could not still, would have been impossible in almost any other that could have been obtained. Captain Jamb Shuster, residing at Bow 1 doin's Ferry, Tanner’s Creek, who was one ! of the party that apprehended the prisoners, j stated to the Court, that the prisoners called i at his house on Wednesday morning while he was absent, and obtained from Mrs. S. a conveyance across the Creek They had scarcely left the shore when a neighbor of Capt. S’s came to the house and informed Mrs. S that he h id that morning very early seen these two men com* out of a pine thick et, in which he supposed they had slept the precedfng night; that they had applied to him to be put across the C~eek, and he had directed them to the proper place, but be* lieving them to be suspicious persons, and probably the perpetrators «f the murder j committed the day before in Norfolk, he I had followed them at a distance, with a : view of imparting his suspicions to Capt. ! Souster if he had been at ho" and con- : eluded by advising Mr-. Shu*’ r to order the boat back. Sbe acc red called to the ferryman to return, hut the 11 cat being a considerable distance off by th.*t time, he did not hear the order distinctly, and sup posed his mistress had only told him to make haste back; so he kept on, and landed his passengers on the opposite shore, who hurried on iu the direction ot Sewell’s Point* We also learn that Ca . Shunter, on hearing this statement, immediately hasten ed into town, to communicate it to the May or, who authorised Capt. i>. and any oihers who would volunteer o accompany him, to set off immediately in pursuit ot the fugi tives, and they accordingly commence ; tie pursuit, which terminated succe*slully the next morning, as before stated. The object of the prisoners evidently was to get a passage on some outward hound vessel in Hampton Roads. They surten dered peaceably, but would give no answer to any questions, except in Spanish; though one of them at least, >v - proved to be con versant with the English language.—In Court neither of them spoke a word, nor va ried a muscle of their countenances during the whole of the examination. These men are said to be brothers. The name of the elder looking is ascertained to be Manuel Philip Garcia, and that of h«s companion Joseph Garcia. It was proved that they were both in this town last fall and went from here to Baltimore in one of the steam-boats, several witnesses were examined touch ing their knowledge of the deceased- All that they could depose to, however, amount ed only to this, that they bad 6een him at different times and places, and had been in company with him, but knew nothing of his occupation, character, or even his name. One of them stated that he never knew the deceased by any ether name than Tade; (another thinks that this was only a nick name) there is very little doubt, however, that his name is Pettr Lagoardette, the name in the masonic diploma, as that name is marked on his linen. 1 he proprietress of the house in which the diabolical deed was perpetrated, deposed, that a person whom she supposed to be the deceased, applied to hrr tor the house, and took it from ihe 2nd ot th s month —He was a foreigner— supposed him to he a French man—was genteel in his appearance and deportment—rather under the middle stature —dark complexion. Deponent asked him if he had a family—said he had not; but that he expected his hrather on from the North who had a family, and on whose account he had rented the house. Had never to her knowledge seen either of the prisoners till she saw them in Court. Witnesses were also examined as to the identity of the prisoners in relation to their connection with the tacts and ciioumstan ces of the case—such as, the two knives, the axn—their association with the deceas ed—their visit to the house on the memora ble day, and their departure thence—the screams that were heard about the time the murder ye supposed to have been commit ted, Lc. I* was deposed, that two knives exactly similar to those used by the assassins of La. goardette, were sold at a cutlery store in Market .Square—that the purchaser was ac companied by another man, and spoke bro ken English, but the deponent could not un dertake to say that the prisoners were the men who bought the knives. ihe joiner who made the helve to the axe, deposed, that the axe was brought to him to have the helve put into it by two men very much like the prisoners, and the one who gave directions about it spoke English imperlectly but would not swear positively that they were the prisoners. Q by the Court, Were there any’other persons in your shop at the time ? A. Yes ; two appren tices. William Gleason, an intelligent lad, ap prentice to the last deponnent, was then called. Me was asked- Did you ever see these men, the prisoners, before ? A.; they are the same two men who came to our shop to have a helve put toan axe;as well as I can recollect, it was last Friday—That one (pointing to the elder man) said he wanted a helve for his axe—bespoke broken Eng lish—he made use of the exact words! men tioned; they lit their segars and saying they would call in when thehelve was done, went away—they returned again paid tor the work, twenty five cents, and took away the axe, this is the same helve and this is the same axe. Mary Lester, a remarkably sensible and industrious little girl about ten years of age, whose mother occupies the premises adjoin ing the fatal tenement, gave in her evidence with a precision and firmness far beyond her years. j Lagoardette, took a great deal of notice ot her and she become much attached to him, as childern will to those who show a fondness for them. She had seen the prison ] ers often come to the house—she had been ! in the house herself when they were there with Lagoardette (the denominated him “the Frenhman,” not knowing his name.)— On Tuesday morning she heard a noise in the house like people in a scuffle, and then somebody from within screamed oul dread fully—she thought she heard the cry of 1 murder uttered—the screams was repea ted, and sounded as if it was some one strangling—she was terribly alarmed, and cried from fear and anxiety, her mother be ing from home. ! There were no other witnesses examined whose testimony was ot any importance ; and the court ordered :he prisoners (o be committed for a further examination. After being carried to prison their persons were searched, but there was nothing found about them to strengthen the case, except that the shut Worn by one of them was marked with the initials of the deceased P. L. An l the sleeves of both had stains upon them, which might have been blood partial ly washed out We have thus accurately related every fact and incident of this shoakingly interest ing case, which has yet come to our know ledge ; but we lorbeac to make any com* meiit upon the testimonyor the circumstance, which have of themselves appeared so strong against the prisoners. They are now in the hands of Justice, and will ere long have a fair impartial trial by enlightened and un prejudiced men, to whom alone it is left to decide whether they are guilty or in nocent. — IT%LIAN CHURCHES AND CLERGY. From “ Travelt xn France and Italy,** I by the Rev. J/r. Bcnian, of New I For/;. | The churches in general are open ; throughout the year, from tin* dawn to I the close of the day. In every cathe dral there are at least two sen ices, & veryolten likewise in the pari-h cliur. ches; indeed a third is In in* means uncommon. And on these occasions it is not merely the chapter who assemble to perform a prescribed duty, or a pa rochial priest with his assistants, but a consid- cable number ot worshippers, and frequently a large congregation. In the smallest towns and villages it is usual for the husbandman, before he goeth forth to Ins labor, to attend the sacrifice of the mass. And after the toils of the day are over, you will sometimes find them pressingin crowds to the Benedizione, or to an evening j service so called perhaps because ill;)' are dismissed with the final benedic tion. I In the interralsof the stated officers, individuals, as they are prompted by a gratitude that longs to unbuithen it self or by a sorrow that seeks for com fort, or a troubled conscience that 1 wants appeasing, or a scrupulousness that plates duly in multiplying reli gious observances arc constantly en tering the churches to offer up their private devotions. Each one comes in and goes out with silence, as if he were (lie only worshipper in the temple. .No man seems to notice Ins neighbor and whatever merit they may think their secret oblations will give them in the sight of God, they arc presented in such a way as not to manifestany desire lor the praise of men. There are cer tainly as many who conic lor this pur pose at twilight, and a little later when the obscurity of the building confounds the features of the friend and the stran ger, as at an other hour. I have never been so much impressed by this devout practice as at such times when the glimmering from some altar l»as par tially shown these solitary worship pers, or scattered groups prostrate and in silence $ or when through the gloom 1 have discerned their dim and shadowy forms tinting before me; or when 1 would have scarcely known that i was not alone, but for the sound of s< me reverent step, now and then interrupt iug the profound stillness. 1 he dresses of the three officiating priests at the principal altar to day were rich and splendid. A loose man tie, open at the sides, called a cope which was ot white silk or satin tin broidcied with gold, was throw over a long white surplice. At Loretto, tli c >pes of the priests appeared to be one tissue of gold. The former were neat and elegant, and the latter sumptuous rather than guady. The e xlesiustics of rank, when not officiating at the altar, arc dressed in black cassock, over which there is a a kimi of white demi.sutpiice, and o. ver that again a scarlet or purple man tie with a hood hanging on the back, and a train gathered up in a fold which nearly touches the ground. fl lie hair is generally powdered and curled; and ilie top ol the head covered with a cir fular piece of scarlet cloth. The priests of inferior rank arc without the mantle and without powder. Their crown is also shorn, but covered with a round piece of black cloth. Some of the do h wear square black or purple caps, which are taken off at certain pacts ot the service. The young men intended for the ministry are simply habited in a purple cassock. Many slight particulars and minute variations from not having been noted down are now forgotton. The chapter, which usually consists of from thirty to a hundred priests, sit in stalls around the recess behind the grand altar, and a groat number of randidalr, ■ intermediate space. Tlir arrvirr, when Ihey a,f „ chanting .,„r i..K(>ll „„ n'‘ performed in a kind nf recitmi, * |.art in fie<|ue„tly begun b, tiicr is ended. Sometimes it j,: * lar response, and sometimes , voices. As the cl,ant, lmaeier " nerally mingled will, the occasionally I he melody „f tlie effect is always solemn ,nj . mg. M ‘•The pulpit in their churches i nerally large and commodij ' more like the desk ill our '. preacher’s feet are not in,,,,,,1 hut he shifts Ins position, passj,„. one end to the other, smnn,,,' precipitately, hut in general c,lv’' gracelully.—tlis sonare black '' taken off in invocation, but nn f I . 7 Iiv\| I't torce Ins argument as at Saints tones appeared to me to |,aVl. variety of animated conversati mong the Italians, and the r 1 though sometimes t»o measured^ extravagant, weie more ‘»r hold and impressive. |„ t|,e pul and elevated flightstlie ilelivm so distinct that nothin? conU i. *. and when the preacher appeared t,, exhausted by his exertions, he w sit down in the pulpit, and, leani s' th • front of it, would address the', pie in a lowered tone, with the sinm city of a father to his children T|' gradually growing warm, and his ^ rising again, he would start m, *, break nut again in his former vio|Pri(i This app ar-> tlieati i« al in d«*scrii»tio8 hut it often seemed to me exceeding natural and striking, ai d way ll(, ,jtl| ’ suited to the genius and habits o! t,( people.— Vt any rate H ev always ceedrd III securing a respectable earnest attention.** The priests appear abroad in a |un. black cassock, buttoned helore, or ij the full dress of a clergyman, with tU addition of a cocked hat, and a blar | silk scarf hanging from the collar t | the coat, and rcarhiti£ down behind t their feet. The latter is becoming an graceful. 1 he (lommicians dress in a whi gown and cassock. The fraternity the Carnadolrse are clothed in a gr mantle covering the whole liody a head, excepting small holes for t eyes. Their appearance is laitlij and it was my impression, on seeing this habit, that it w as a pin e [ frolickswne masquerade. The meiitfi cant friars have a brown rassork.fas tened with a girdle. T he dignataria of the church wear purple storking. The scarlet hat, with a roundedrrowiil and broad brim, is the distinguishing badge of the cardinals, \N hen the) ride out their equippage is gay and pomp ous. and when they walk they arc (al lowed by a servant. I have seen thru in getting out of carriages, effecting the most ridirul -us effeminacy 4* lew. ing on the arms of ilieir attendants if they had not strength enough to sup. port themselves. The c oach of the Ar< lihishop of Naples is preceded and surrounded by donnsties, who move on with it in a «*!. w and steady walk. From the National Intelligencer. CIVIL APPOINTMENTS BV THE PRESIDENT: Confirmed by the Senate at the last Session i [One or I wo ol the«e have been before in formally announced.J Daniel M Forney, of V. Carolina, to ke Commissioner to treat with the Cietk h* dians. Paul Ballio. of Tennessee, to be Factor for the Fac’oiy on the 0>age rtver. v j George Biake, of Massachusetts to It i attorney ot the Unite.l States for the D -trie* of Massachusetts for four years Horn and al ter the 2f'* th Janu? ry, 1821 John M. Campbell, ot Tennessee to !*• | Attorney of the Cn'ted Stales lor the | trictot Fast Tennessee, for lour years Irotn and after the Ihh January, 1821. 'Thomas M» rris, ot New Verb, to l* Marshal of the United Stales lor the South ern District of New-Y< rk, for lour years Irom and after the 21st January, 1820. Charles P. Porter, of Tennessee, to he Marshall ol the United States for the His tiict of Fast Tennessee, for four years irotn and alter the 12th Feb. 1821. David Merriweather, of Georgia, to hr* Commissioner to treat »v;th the Creek In dians. vice Thomas Flournoy, resigned John Pitman of Rhode Island, to he At torney of the United States for the Distric ol Rhode Gland, for lour years from and aI' ter the 9 h day of Dec. 1820 . Langdon Cheves, Nicholas Biddle,^ John Connelly,of Philadelphia; James son, of Baltimore: and Charles E. Dudley* of Nfcw-York, to be Directors ol the Bank ot the United Slates for one year, corn men* cing on the first Monday in Jan. 1821. John VV. Smith, ol Louisiana, to be D*5’ trict Attorney lor the said Mate. Benjamin Johnson, of Kentucky, t° Tudge in and lor the 'Territory of Arkansas '1 hornas Swann, •( the District ot Colum bia. lo be Attorney of the United States in and lor the District of Columbia. John Crowell, of Alabama, to Leagerd to the Creek nation of Indians. George Washington Scott, of Arkansa territory, to he Marshal in and for said ter ritory. Samuel C. Roane, of the Arkansas tern- j tory. to be Attorney ol the United States m and for the said territory. Joshua Norvill, ot Kentucky, to be sul ot the United States for the Island o' Bartholomew.