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GAZETTE AND Ate rindria Diily Advertiser. ffuLIMli:.!) BY SAMUEL SNOWDEN, ROY A L ST-IKT. j > y j ''?uer .n 7.Cnu-tUry paper * b. SATURDAY. Al GUST 11. 1821. A«rr York, August 7. We learn by the scbr. Gertrude, from Port au Prince, (hat the Artigan vessels of war L .dy Artigas, and brig Esperanza, bad been condemned by the Negroes, and they were pioceediug to discharge the ship, wbicb had a very valuable cargo on board, Commo dore Job Nor'brop, and Capt. Pelot, bad left Port au Prince in an open boat at night. y ilh fheir return* ; and it was presumed they bsd gone on board of a brig wbicb had a lew days befoie been seen off Port au Prince, commanded by Capt. Henry Austio of New York.dS he had came on shore and bad a conference with Capt. Northrop, and ii was afterwards rumored that he came there tor the purpose of cutting out the brig. Tbtir trunks, which they could not without tear of de-ection take with them, were seized by the government alter they bad left the port. A Spanish fleet, consisting of a line ot bat tle ship, three or lour frigates, and a sloop of wair, passed St. Thomas, on the 9th ot July, bourn! to Carraacas, Extract oj a letter to the editor of the Louisi ana Gazette, dated Hamburg, %ipril 15. The great topic ot conversation in Ger many is the piosperity ot America under a free government, and laws enacted by the imm> diale lepreseulalives of he people. Tbe condition of tbe German is much im proved since tbe denouncement of the French revolution: still we want tbe practical bene fits ol a government that would pursue as its sole object the goo > ot tbe nation. I bear that Ntw-Orleans i? a sickly place, end that your leaditgmen are very fractious and illiberal to foreigners. 1 suppose they have been deceived by some knights of in dustry fro n the south ol Europe, for I do not belie re you have jiaiiy Germans among you —you are placed iu loo warm a latitude* A Urge number of emigrants will leave Ger many for Pennsylvania and trie banks ot tbe Ohio nesi autumn; they are mostly farmers from Suabia, («oine of whom will take with them a coi sideuble capital) and artizans from Bremen and this place One of their ag nts is now here and is about lo contract for 1000 tons of shipping. He prefers Ham burg to Amsterdam as a place of embarka tion, a^ emigrant* have Irequeully been im put'd upon at the latter place. IDLE PERSONS, BEWARE Detroit, July 6. This afternoon, a vagrant, who was taken ind tried before one of our justices ol the peace, agreeably to the vagrant act of this Territory, will be ?old at public auction at the Market House. The purchaser will be entitled to his services for ten days, at tbe eipiiation ol which tune, he must leave the territory,or be willing to obtain a livelihood by creditable labor. On the trial he could give uo satisfactory account of himself, or of tb*» manner in which he obtained his liveli hood. iVezf • York, Jug 7. Accounts from Mobile to July I7iti Mate that the place remained very healthy, very few death? having occurred the p esent sea ton, ami none by fever since the decease of Mr Lt e, on the 28th of June. It was, how ever, unhealthy up the country. A gentleman bad arrived at Mobile who If ft Pensacola on the >5lb of Juh , at which time the place was in possession of the Span iards. The ship Lucy Ann, ot this port, en gaged as a transport, had, however, arrived from New Orleans, and it was expected that Gen. Jackson would march hi from bis en campment in the neighborhood, and take possession on tbe following day. [It appears from this account, the latest we have had from that quarter, that the re port of Gen. Jackson having issued his proc lamation at Pensacola on the 10th ult was incorrect. J he information of our corres pondent, that the form ot surrender ol the post would take place on the 20th iuMant, will therefore probably prove to have been entirely correct.]—Nat- Intel. Front the Nra Pur it Evening Post. Although we do not agree with the editor of the Pittsbmg Gazette, that the following production which appeared originally in the London Monthly Magazine, is from the pen of Geoff)y Crayon, Gent, yet it ceitain ly proceed* from some kindred spirit, (tbe first part reminds u* of Jonathan Old atyle, of former days) and that entitles it to a place in ‘he Evening Post. Oh. tor the day* tbM are gone !—the gold en days of cocked hats—the Augustin* era of c iwtrv dance: the apotheosis of minuet i H«>w well do I remerul»er the firt nighr I verbired upon *» latter, tha! geruine relic of Un old I'rtBch court. What an awful re collection have I of the trying moment when with a slow and gMcebil curve ot my arm, J first deposited the triangular beaver upon my powdered locks, pressing it down upon my forehead, v ith a firm detenuinalion to look fierce aud fascinating; and yet with a fender and sympathetic regard lor the eco nomy of my elaborate curls, some what in the style recommended by old Isaac ff'alton when instructing you to impale a worm for angling, he bids you handle him tenderly withal, and treat him like a friend Tb» scented pulvilio, which the untwisted hairs reproachfully effused, still seems to sa lute my nose, and Sutler between my eyes, and the dipping and swimming figure of my partner. With wbat pride 1 led her to her seat, and wbat a bewitching bow I flattered mysef I had made when she blushed into her chair. In those happy days, the next opera tion was a regular and persevering set-to; at the geuuine old English country dance and the amusements ol the night were invariably wound up by the Boulauger, <ar Sir Roger deCoverly. One ol my nieces played me those exploded tunes a few days ago, aud wbat a flush of rosy recollections did they conjure up! Their music seemed to pene* i trait into the quiet caves and grotto's of me mory, aw'akemng ideas that bad lung slum i bered undisturbed. Metbought they issued from their recesses like so many embodied spirits, and fastening their flowery wreaths to the spokes ol time's great wheel, they * dragged it rapiJly backward until the days ot my youth became envolved before me in all the fidelity and vividness of tbeir first ex i tence. Then did I again behold the rich Mies B the sugar baker’s daughter, whom my pa : rents invariably urged me to engage tor the supper dances, with many a shrewd bint that . a partner at a ball often became a pari nor lor liie;—nor was her corpulent mother omited, ] who carried vanity as laras even to affect a j alight degree of palsy, that the motion ot ' her head might give a more dazzling lustre to the magnificent diamonds, with which it was thickly studded. I see her now, at her j old place in the card-room, shaking and t sparkling like an aspen tree in the sunshine 1 »f a white frost. 1 behold, also the bustling ; little old man her father, receiving tii tick ets of aimission in all the pomp ot othce, j with his snuff colored ?uit, and the powder I ed and pomatumed peak coming to a point in I the centre of his bald head. I hear him boasting, at the same time of his wealth and ! is drudgery, and declaring that with ail the hundreds he had spent upon hi3 bot bouses | and plantations at Hackney, he bad never J seen them except by candle light. As lor i the daughter, thank Heaven, I never danced , with her but once, and my mind’s eye still beholds her webby feet paddling down the middle, with the floundering porpus like fling she gave at the end, only accomplished by bearing hall her weight upon her partner and invariably out of tune Often have I wondered at the patience of the musicians, in wasting rosin and catgut upon her timeless sprawl. She was altuse in all her percep tions, and essentially vulgar in all appear ance; in the consciousness ot her wealth she sometime* strove to look haughty, but her features obstinately refused to assume any expression beyond that of inflexible stupidi ty. Moreover, she had thick ancles, pud ding hands, with short broad pail9, and in laughing she shtwed her gums! She w*as too opulent,according to the sapient calcula tions of the world, to marry any but a rich man; and she succeeded, at length, in realiz-, iog her most ambitious dreams. He* hus baud is a yellow little nabob, rolling in : wealth, and half suffocated with bile. She has three rickety children, whom she is j ashamed to produce. With no more ear than a fish, she has a box at the Opera, and gives private concerts. In short, there is no ' luxury she is incapable ot relishing, which : ber tnrtuue doe* not enable her to command; | and no enjoyment really adapted to her taste in which her imagined gentility dues not de ter her from indulging. What contrast was the accomplished, the fascinating Fanny -, with her lovely fea tures irradiated with innocent hilarity, yet tempered with sentiment, and deep leeling. She was all intelligence—spiritual—etheri a); at least, I often thought so. as her sylph like form seemed to he treading upon air, while it responded spontaneously to every pulsation of the music like a dancing echo. “The cour«e of true love never did run smooth.” Fanny was portionless—I was i pumyless; yet even despair did not prevent my loving her; though my tongue never gave u’terance to ‘he thought, I am well a- 1 ware she read it in my eyes, and gave me in ! return her pity. With this I was contented —in the romance of a first love, i thought it j would be delightful to die for her, and 1 sent j her ‘be enclosed s*ug, but she never noticed my effusion, though she never returned it. Poor Fanny! she fell a sacrifice to one of these pests of society,* dangler, a male co quet; who paid her his addresses, won her affections, changed bis mind, and married another—the scoundrel! Her pride might have borne the insult, but her love could not be recalled—her heart was broken. Her t fin* miud began to prej upon itself—the 11 sword wore out the scabbard—lier traaaa gradually faded aw ay. *uU a r »»d dec.me ai length released her notnber uncomplain ing miser;—I followed lier to the grave; did how otten did I return to the s; ot to bedew it with my tears! Many a vow have I made to suppress iny unavailing grief, aud retrain from visiting the place ol her burial, when in tbe very midst ot my resolutions my ieet have uncousciou-Iy carried me to it again. Most duly might I have exclaimed wiih Tibullus,4*Jnravi quotii s redilurum ad Inni na nunquam? Cum beue jursri pes tainen ip* se rtdit.” Yeara have since rolled away, and 1 can now think of Fauny without—forgive me, Mr. Editor, but a tear lias fallen upon (be very spot where 1 was about to make a boast ofiny stoicism. 1 may, however without emotion, declare, tbatoi all tbe girls I ever knew, Fanny-Fsha ! a other tear? I will not write another word upon tbe subject. 8086 -TO FANNY When momingthrough my lattice beams, Ami twittering birds mv slumbers break; Then, Fanny, I recal my breams, Although they bid my bosom ache, For still 1 dieam of thee. When wit, and wine, and friends are met, Ana laughter crowns the festive hour, In v ain 1 struggle to foiget; Still does my heart confess the power, And fondly turn to thee. When night is near, and friends are far, And through the tree that :>hades my rot, / gaze upon the evening star, How iio l mourn mv lonely lot, And, Fanny, sigh for thee. 1 know my love is hopeless—vain; liut, Fanny, do not strive to rob My heart of all that soothes its pain— The mournful hope, that every throb Will make it break for thee. STATE OF MISSOURI. Extract of a Utter from a gentleman sometime a resident in Missouri, to his friend in the luirn of Salem, dated St. Louis, April 4. “The emigration to this state has stop ped and many have actually gone back, after being disappointed in the quality of the .and*, which has beeu falsely cried up to be the richest in the world. The fact is this—the bottom lands on the margins of the rivers, which are annually over flowed, are very rich, but people cannot live on them without being subject to the billions fever, dysentery, a_ue, and other complaints, the greater part of the year. A part of the other lands abound with minerals, lead and iron, and are unlit for cultivation. The prairies, which consti tute no small part, are generally tilled with shrub oaks, which costs £5 per acre to grub. There are a few small spo:§ of ground which are excellent, but far the greater proportoin of what are called good lands, are only t.ecoud and third rate, with a thin soil of not more than 8 inches deep. The only real and substantial val ue of the state is the Lead Mines. The lands of Illinois are much superior. The prairies of that state are always lit for the plough, and the soil in some places is b feet deep. St. Louis is the chief town, situated on the west bank of the Mississipi, in a bar ren spot, 20 miles below the junction of the Missouri; lat. 3b, 36, N. long. 12, I t, W. of the city of Washington, and about 1000 miles Irom it by stage route The view of the town, ascen ding the Mississip pi, and from the oppoMte (Illinois) shore, is pleasant, being a gradual ascent from the first to the second bank. The ancient buildings are of logs, and of stone, as ug ly, inconvenient auu rough as possible constructed after the manner of the French,-with lots for gardens appurte naut. and mostly on the nrst bank; which is a bed of lime stone. The streets are narrow and dirty, and like Church (or mud)Street in saiem. either half leg deep in mire or enveloped in dust. Main street the only one of consequence, runs parra 1 lel with the river, about 25 fathoms from it, and extends 1$ miles in length. The second bank, commences about a cables length from the river, and rises 30 feet, on wnich several wider streets are laid out, and some new houses built, which are mostly of brick, including a jail of stone: but without anv display of architec tural taste or skill in their construc tion. Three cable’s length from the river, the ground in places is much broken—and there is a large pond of stagnant water, 2 miles in length, which in the latter part of summer sends forth a disagreea ble smell, and produces myriads of nms quetoes. Back of the town is a prairie, 8 and 10 miles wide, which produces no thing; and from the large Indian mound near the north part of the town, which commands a view of all the upper and part of the lower bank, this prairie has a most dreary and desolate appearance.— The market is supplied from Illinois.— The place although it was settled as early is 17t>4, contains only 4000 inhabitants, ind now decreasing. They are of a mix ed assemblage. The original French are from Canada; some of them are white, and all the different shades from that to Indian and black.—A few of the white fe males are handsome, excessively fond of dress, (in a variety of gaudy colors) at tending church, and dancing There are also Tennesseians, Kentuckians, Virgini ans, Pennsylvanians, and some few Van lees, which term is applied to all coming from the Atlantic spates eastward of the 1 mountains, and whom the people of the ! West have a strange opinion of. But the greater proportion are Irish, who concen trate here oa account of of a Catholic ^burcl. and Bishop. The people from each state and country, generally speak ing, clan together without much inter mixture. The exports are trifling, and consist of small quantities of furs and peltry, bro’t from the interior and down the Missouri, and which does not amount to one twen tieth of the in. ports. The exports of Herculaneum, oO miles below, are 6hot. made there of the best quality, and bar imci pig lead, from Potosi, or Mine a Bur ton, from St. (icuevevieve, 60 miles beiow, Lead. Business is now in a deplorable state, and every one who continues a merchant here, ought to be worth considerable pro perty, or must, (unless the times alter for the better very soon, of which there is hardly a probabtliiy) eventually slip thro', for high rents, dear living, enor mous taxes, little buisness and small pro fits, makes it a losing concern. The country is overrun with all kinds of goods which the holders are trying to sacrifice at auction, but with difficulty find a few cash purchasers The place is darned of round specie, that necessary ar ticle of commerce, and no probability of an influx of this precious metal, the cur rency being cut money of no more than three fourths weight, and that very scane. Sheriff's sales are getting frequent, and real property will uot command on quar ter of what it wTas formerly \ aided at- - Among other things the sheriff took pos session of the Exchange Bank, an Irish concern, nine days since, and found the enormous amount of 17,‘JoO mills in spe cie, in the vaults. Shares in the great St Louis Bank (original cost 100 dollars) sold at auctior, 5 cays since, for IB d-4 cents each. Toe Missouri Bank, ut St Louis, and irs branches at St. Genevieve, continues good, and pays specie, as do a I so the bank at S . Edwardsviile, and Shawnee-tuwn, Illinois. Kents are much reduced from What they were, but still continue unreasonably high. —Boaidiug is high; living is miserable; so ciety, there is none. Nor is there any regu larity hi the weather here, being more changeable (ban in any place I have ever visited. The load*, 3 month* past, have been in the worst condition, the mud being at times, 14 inches deep The thermometer last winter was a* low as $6 below zero. In 48 hours alter, it was quite warm. ,«ud con tinued so tor *everal dajs, when n changed to extreme cold again; hut these sudden changes did not produce the same effect, «,u the cointbutton as they would hi Massachu- 1 setts List summer ihe theimometer was! no higher than 98 degrees in the shade, i.ut I this warmth ot the climate, together with! the continual showers ol dust, which are Ire- I quent during the warm seasou wa» extreme j ly debilitating, and from the great degree of I lassitude which almost eveiy one experienc- j ed, but particularly strangers, it was a bard ; matter to keep awake during the day; or from tbe troublesome bugs, fleas, cockroach es, and mu.-quetoes, to sleep a: night. jTneie were many deaths between <ul> and Nov ember, particularly among the low Irish, who would till themselves with whiskey and sleep in the open air. The mode ol treat ment for billious fever*, was different Horn that in any warm climate I ever was in. They bled Ireely, and afterwards gave emeries nd other strong doses ol calomel and jalap; the iirst reduced the patients so muen, they had not strength enough to en counter the second and third, and ol course too many fell vichms to this strange mode 11 practice. I was knowing to a person’s be ing hied 13 times rn a bilious lever; he was a man of regular habits and an iron consti tution; bis lever was subdued, but he died at the end of 9 weeks alter the attack. An other person ol my acquaintance was bled 27 times in a pleurisy, and died 10 days al ter the attack, without pain. It B-K was here, and bau all the practice, (if he could attend to it) this would probably be as healiby a place as any other in the /lest, ol equal warmth.’* COMMERCIAL CREDIT. On a former occasion we gave our views of the effects of a super-extended credit system. We now proceed to enquire luto its causes. Nations are not the growth of a day, and the present condition of a people is lrequcntly owing to circumstances which have had their origin in periods so remote as te be but indistinctly known, or which are, perhaps, buried in complete obsurity. Premising these truths, we presume that we shall not be censured, it we attribute the present rage for credit in the U States, partly ♦.© the practice of the early colonists. This practice arose from the peculiar state of the country. The emigrants found the land lertile, but they wanted the necessary implements of agriculture, and that which might support them till they could bring their produce to market. To obtain these, they used to pledge their future crops; and the system prevailed to so great an extent, that for a considera ble period the British merchant was al ways one year in advance to the Ameri can planter, or, in other words, the im ports of one season were to be paid for by the exports of the next. As the country . w as for sometime after its settlement un derstocked with capital, or, as the inhabi tants had not in their possession the means of turning their land and labor to the most profitable account, obtaining these means on trust was the method common sense pointed out: Sc as the increase of the earth could be looked for with some degree of certainty, and there was no doubt of 6e- i curing a market, it would have been fol- 1 ly in them to deny themselves the neces saries and comforts of life, when they i could procure them on credit, and when they were sure that their debts could i soon be liquidated. But the practice con tinued long after its use had ceased. Fif ty years after the settlement of a colony, | the necessity of foreign credit no longer ; I capital, tue oincr iroin ins iudu»tlv ' This wag the proper kind of credit Vi' would have continued to the present but for the measures which have extei> <d the system far beyond its us-e*, WUj? ' beyond what the abettors of those ite sures ever expected or intended. * The spirit which prevailed in gocj€b ' soon infused itself into public affair< . . paper was issued, in some instances to , f fray the expenses of government, ju otL ers, to supply the lack of capital. Tin consequence of thus mortaging the futUrt' revenue of the state, and tue produce 0f j the future industry of the people, are we ! i known to the majority of our readers, I They were like those which, inourovk i days, have resuited from banking; 0LfJ| they were less extensive and less bie. Another cause of the 8u;er-exteriM&*j of the credit system, is the want 01 a, r 1 cul.it ing meaium. We never ye: had money enough to ser\e ii.e puipokJ which money is des gned to answer fa io~ ciety; i-nd, what is more, we never shal| ha\e, while our present policy is persist ed in. Wi.ere money is wanting, nlkr> have recour»e to barter or to credit, an i uniting accounts supply the place ofcas payments. Issues of paper instead of nur king money more plentiful, make it sea l cer, for theyurive it troin the country, J it is easier to drive it away tnan tu br«J it back again. As for some time alter .il country was settled, it was understocks!' with capital, the want of money, which u| a part of national capital, was thecor.sel quence of necessii y: incur own times it is the consequent e of foliy. The super-extension ot the credit m tern at th present day, is partly owing t< the continuance of a practice the use o which has long since ceased; but princ pally to the poiicy of government, asdii played in the credit it grams upon in posta, the .-ales of public lands on credit and the estabiishment of innumerabi banks. 'That granting credit on duties cxlen* our foreign commerce cannot b« <ieni« our sole concern with it at present relat» to its effects on the home trade oi tli country; audit must be evident to this who take the trouble to enquire intothi subject, that the system we are now fl amming depends in a measure upon tr,4 part of our policy. Let the importer re obliged to pay the duties with cash, and the coun ry merchant will be obliged t> pay the importer, and the consumer tht1 country merchant. Whether the effect! this change would have on our foreign) trade is desirable or undesirable, i* anoth er question. It is certain that the present policy extends the credit sys cm, and thii is the only point of view which we an now considering it. Like to the practice of deferring tli payment of duties, was that of selling tli public lands on credit. The abuses at tending on this, were, however, so marj and so obvious, that it has now lal.en in to disuse. Its effects, while it lasted wrtc deplorable. We hope it will never be re vived. Lastly and principally, the super ex tended system of commercial creuit has been promoted by excessive Banking — This is the key stone of the arch, so beau tiful in appearance, but which falling,Las buried under its ruins all that were with in its reach. The business of a bank is lending. Its peculiar gain, (the only thing which in duces individuals to associate in this busi ness.^ arises from the amount of bills oi' credit which it can circulate over and above the specie in its vaults. These am a kind of mortgages, not on the capital of the bank, but on the produce of the future industry of the community in general; for, by a singular kind of legerdemaix the banks, instead of paying interest oi their bills of credit, receive interest ftf them from the people, and it is this whid ultimately euables them to redeem thef surplus issues. These issues are sorut* times so great as to mortgage the produce of industry of two, three, six, or a dozen future years—of years which are not yet in existence; and having so great a loant t>!e fund at command, the Banks are obliged to look out for customers, and lend to some who but for them would never have borrowed, and mrnish others with large sums who would otherwise have borrowed only to a small amount — These finding larger funds than usual »n their power, lend or sell on credit tooth ers, who in their turn adopt the same method of proceeding towards others, and thus the system is made to extend throughout the country, and every indi vidual, willing or unwilling, i* dragged nto it. If our views should not appear alto gether satisfactory to some of our readers, he following remarks may place o*r neauing in a clearer light.