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Alexandria gazette & daily advertiser. [volume] (Alexandria [Va.]) 1817-1822, September 07, 1821, Image 2

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' GAZETTE,
x AJD
Alexandria Daily Advertiser.
PUBLISHED BY
SAMUEL SAOWDEN,
BOY AL-STEET.
iJuUy Paper #7.Country paper 4? 5
FRIDAY, SEPT.\ 1»21.
“COLUMBIA REPUBLIC.
Under this bead, in another part of the
Gazette, our readers will find intelligence
oi considerable interest.— I bis new and
widely extended Republic, embracing ene
oi ihe finest portions of the earth, imposing,
tiotn it? position—neb, almost beyond the
I gra‘p of be human mmd, in natural resour
t £••».—and destined, not only to be the roost
powerful of the Independent governments of
•South America, but a great and splendid
E;r pire, begins to break on us with lights
and coloring, pre-eminently calculated to
interest the feelings and rivet the attention
ct mankind. We have no longer to turn
tiisgu-ted and in sorrow from a scene ot
slaughter, where despotism, in its ruthless
course made no distinction between vice
and virtue—where sex was no protection,
and infancy held up its bands in vain;—op
pression with the oppressor is banished from
the soil—patriotism, a bold and persevering
patriotism, has greatly triumphed,—and the
heart and the eye can now dwell upon ibis
land of many battles, cheered by its present
happiness, and ia anticipation ot its future
grandeur. These patriots waged a war ot
death or independence, and now at the
close of a contest, carried on for eleve.**
years, under the piivaiiou and suffering, of
winch history affords no paralle l, they add
the brightest lustre to military glory and
civic virtues, by the establishment ot a rep
resentative government and installation of a
sovereign congress, elected by the tree and
equil suffrage ol the people —F rom such a
commencement great and good things are to
be anticipated; even in ourov.n day we
look to see this people flourishing, and of
vast importance in the scale ot uatiuns; and
posterity will, oo doubt, do boaiag e to the
memories ot those brave and good .men who
founded and established, midst suffer mg. and
tears, and death, the Colombian Repub
lic.
But what is it that the present generation
does not owe—what is it that ages jet to
come will not owe to ZJolivar!—To that
m?n—to that master mind--to that bold
& disinterested patriot, who had n^t the ad
vantage of being elected by a united people
to lead tbcir armies, but who, as we may
say without impiety, had to create a people,
and by the force of his own genius and ex
ample, to raise up a free state in the pros
trate desert of a withering despotism- He
had it is true, some ilius rious companions
worthy the cause and bis confidence, but he
had difficulties to contend wi.b, such as lan
guage could but faintly portray; and having
triumphed over all, his la-t great act marks
his magnanimity and the noble bearing of
his mind—yet, with the Editor of the Auro
ra, we consider hi» lesignation ot the piesi
dency premaiure. and conceive it to be re
gre ted, tbat he did not continue in this high
office, at least till a treaty of peace widi j
Spain had given a inuie formal and final
stamp to the luidependence of Colombia.— I
Huwever his resolution seems to be fixed, j
and whatever may be the situation in w hich
he shall place himseif judging lrorn the past
we confidently conclude, that his will be me
Work of usetumess and ot true glory.”
From the Philadelphia Jutvnx, of Sept. 3
COLOMBIAN Rr.PlULlC.
AVVi have receded tne Gazette of Santa
JVI&rtha, down to the 23d of June. The
latest uutnber contains copious minutes
ot tne proceedings of the Colombian con
gress assembled at Cucuta, and au inter
esting letter addressed by president Boli
ear, relinquishing into the h mds of the
national representatives, the authority
with which he had been so long invested,
and assigning his motives tor oeclining
to resume that station, should congress
be disposed to reinvest him.
This act appears to have been serious
ly and long deliberated, since upon re
curing to the official a count ot the battle
of Carabobo. of the 24th of June last, it
appears that the president exercising the
high powers with which he was invested,
had placed General Paez in the chief
command of the army- That battle placed
the Colombian Republic free, and unre
strained by foreigo armies, and the occa
sion which presented itself, and which in
deed appears to have given unusual ener
gv to the condict, presented the fairest oc
asion, which even on the field of victory
was seized upon.
The conduct of president Bolivar, on
this occasion, verifies the predictions of
those who knew him best, and completes
the renown which will be as durable as
the country to which he has devoted him
self, and the history of its vicissitudes,
sacrifices, sufferings, self denials, con
atanev, and its triumphs—a people in
fact whom it is but truth to say, that his
genius and disinterestedness have regen
erated and prepared • r tae independence
to which he has led them. j
Perhaps there is another trait that ia
no less o be admired. The selection ot
g£n. Paez. A man of primitive purity ot
unnd aud habits—second only to Bolivar
in the genersl esteetn of their country
men. ...
We have frequently felt an inclination
to review the career ot this great man,
having abundant though not very connec
ted materials. We have seen in some
European print the following lines, which
are certainly both beautitul and true.
licit miles, visit et obiit civis, Washington,
Patrur tibertatem jindicat urntu Bolivar, dux
el civts.
However much we admire the firmness
and the magnanimity of this latest step
of president Bolivar,we certainly consider
the step premature His experience ot
affairs in the actual state of the republic,
before its constitution has yet received
even in its characteristic form; and still
more there is something due from him to
the other parts of the language—the
south and the north look to the Colom
bian republic, from promised aids, coun
sels and co-operation, which as a private
citizen he could not so effectually render
as in that station where he has been, in
fact the soul of the revolution.—Not
that we suppose that Colombia is wanting
of capital and good men—experience has
proved that, however severe her losses
in auch men as Palacias lioscio, and the
gallant aud intelligent Cedenio. and an
hundred others; that when occasions have
required men, the occasion has created
them, or found them created for great
occasions. We shall perhaps consider
this subject move at large for a future day;
we shall now give a short sketch from
the Santa Martha Gazette, of the con
gressional proceedings, and president
Bolivar's letter.
May 10.
Congress has reen hitherto employed
in the affairs of the internal administra
tion, and the organization of thos-e affairs
which may be denominated national; this
congress being, in fact, the first complete
and effective assembly of representatives
from the several departments of the
whole republic
The first measure after the organiza
tion of the assembly itself, was the con
firmation, by an express resolution, of the
appointment of the president and vice
president of the republic, and the contin
uance of their functions and the consti
tution should be determined, and its forms
established permanently.
The llth of May was assigned for the
discussion of the fundamental principles
of the government, and the distribution
of functions and potvers.
For the definitive union of Cundinamar
ca and Venezeula.
I And for the constitutional means of
promoting the permanent union and
prosperity of the whole of the provin
ces.
A communication w’as received by con
gress from president Bolivar in which,
after signifying his homage and obedience
to the sovereign authority of the people,
vested in congress he intimates a de&iie
to be relieved from the high trusts with
which he had been hitherto honored by
the confidence of his fellow citizens—
which was referred.
J.lay 17.
Congress was thjs day engaged in gen
eral committee on the state of the nation;
tuel fisca system came first under deliber
ation, and a collection of information of
every kind on the public resources; the
amount of every species of revenuejthe an
nual expenditures, past and future; and
the means ot fixing their administration
upon wholesome foundations, and render
ing the system permanent, equal, and
eificien t.
Many important topics were brought
up during the sitting- among others the
appointment of standing commit.ees to
examine and report upon the different
points of the constitution, and the various
projects which had been presented to
congress. These committees to be dis
tinct from those previously existing who
have charge of public buisness.
Congress has also had under discussion,
the establishment of the rules and or
ders for the conducting their deliberations
and debates; in which there appeared to
be a perfect acquaintance with the forms
and usage of other representative bodies
in different parts of the world. The
mode of proceeding in the imitation of
laws—t«»e presentation of propositions—
the digestion of propositions as the basis
of laws, &c. it was detenuined that all
projects of laws should be first presented
in tne form of a resolution expressing the
object proposed, and upon debate if car
ried in the atfirmitive, that leave be giv
en to bring in a bill or project of a law—
the resolution to be presen ed by the
mover in writing, and delivered to the
presiding officer of congress—that after
hearing the proposer of a measure, other
membes shali be heard—that ti.e absolute
majority of members present shall decide
—that projects of laws shall be couched
in simple terms, conforming strictly to
the word9 and tenor of the initiatory res
lution—that when a motion of any kind
is before the chamber, no other can be
admitted prior to its being disposed of—
that no motion shall preclude t e necessa
ry debate—that the votes shall not be
called, until the debate shall have been
closed—that votes shall be giveu in a fix
ed rotation viva voce,
These, and a variety of other particu
lars which it is not necessary to recapit
ulate, as they correspond with the form
of all legislative bodies in free states
this subject had occupied more tnao one
silting.
The following it tvery imperfect trans
lation ot toe idle.- aUcne&.>'eu y
I* resident Bolivar 'to the ingress of
' Colombia.
Sir—Tho act ot the installation of the
general c ongress of Colombia, composed
of the representatives of seventy two tree
provinces, has consummated the mustar
dent wishes of my iieart. The republic,
founded on the complete union ot the rep
resentatives of the peupie ot Cundinamar
ca and Venezuela, is now destined to ac
complish that liberty and prosperity to*
which every free people have the right to
secure; and 1 have at length had the good
fortune to see that day when the only le
gitimate depositories of the sovereign au
thority of the people, are already in the
nappy exercise of their sacred functions —
From thi* moment 1 consider myselt ex
onerated from the charge of the executive
power, with which it has been the pleas
ure of tny country to entrust me.
Appointed by the congress oi Venezuc--'
la president of the state ad interim, your j
more comprehensive authority as the rep
resentatives of all Colombia, terminates
that trust, and places in your hands ths
future disposition of the executive pow
er.
I have endeavored to fulfil the duties
which have devolved upon me in arduous
tin.es; and, as no one can so well estimate j
my feelings on this subject, 1 freely a6 j
sure you, sir, that 1 feel too diffident ot j
my own qualifications, to undertake the .
lurther responsibility of that important j
station, with that effect which is indispen- j
sible to the future prosperity and glory ;
of the republic. The military proiession
does nut appear to me compatible, when ■
united vith the functions of the civil mag j
istrate; and besides, 6ir, I confess that j
after the career through which I have
run, now that all dangers have disappear- J
ed, I am no longer disposed to endure the
injurious aspersions of my personal ene-j
lines; my own reputation requires, and
my feelings present, an insurmountable
repugnance to any further indifference to
these considerations.
DO pica&cu, uinxiuic9 on, w avt»
with your accustomed liberality, my most
fervent homage the declaration of my ad
hesion to he authority of the nation—and
my oath of entire submission to the insti
tutions and laws that you are authorised
to establish on behalf of the people of this
republic; but 1 must repeat, that should
congress again insist, at 1 fear is intended,
to re invest me with the presidency of the j
state, that, in such an event, I must, from
that moment, protest against the purpose; ;
and that if unfortunately it should be j
persisted in, 1 shall then be compelled, j
not only to bandon my character of a cit
izen of this republic, but n»y beloved
country also.
1 am, 6ir, &c.
SIMON BOLIVAR.
The press already spreads its powfer
ful light ever the South American re-j
gions, in proportion as freedom accom
plishes her triumph over despotism Since
May of the present year, three public
journals have been published in the Co
lombian republic, besides those that had ,
been previously established there:—
At Santa Maltha, the Gazette of Santa 1
Martha.
At Maracaibo, the Correo National.
At Cucuta, the Equatorial.
All those papers arc priuted much su
| perior in maimer to the papers of the lT. i
| States, 30years ago; and to the papers of
England, which now surpass all the
world 80 years ago. Such being the pro
gre-s, what may not be expected from all
South America and Mexico, as free from
royal tyranny as Colombia now is.
From the New York Commercial Advertiser.!
Saratoga Springs, Aug. ibth.
No incident of Iinpoi lance has transpired
here for some me past, until Thursday of
this week, at 4 o’clock, P. M. when an af
fair of honor took place, not altogether un
worthy ot notice. The particulars of this
fashionable rencontre we have collected for
the special information and benefit of those
gallant bloods who delight to settle the most ;
trifling disputes by popping each othqj with
pistols, ‘‘in a gentlemanly way.” ' Ttiey
were substantially these:
Some difficulty arose between the Cooks ,
of Congress and Union Halls, both of whom
are people of color. The lormer, who claims
to bav^ acquired his skill in France, had
made some insinuation calculated to injure
the professional character of the latter. In
deed, he directly called in question his skill,
dexterity and genius, in the sublime art and
mystery ot extr-icting, creating and combin
ing flavors, so as in all instances to render
Ins dishes piea-mg to the palate, and a
greeable to the stomach, (^uffce, who made
no professions of skiil in transforming/roo-s
iuto savoury meat, insisted, nevertheless,
that he was an accomplished professor in
all the necessary and substantial branches of |
his business, such is roasting, toasting, boil
ing and trying, 4*c. and after a consultation
with his friends, determined to bave satis
faction. Plie communications at first were
oral, and it was determined by the parties
to have a few set-to's after the manner of
Moliineanx ami Crib Saratoga, however,
being a fashionable place of resort, their
friends conclud d that a correspondence in
the true style of modern chivalry, should
take place, preparatory to having the matter
-ellltd in an houoiable way. Tot follow*
oig i- supposed to have beeu the corre.^non.
deuce:
Yoonion Wai l, oler de way, 20 Awgust
Mr. lonson toffee,
What rie debnle bab you sirkulate sich a
report ub mee for? Dovoo link Toney bab
not de spirits to resent any ting like de in- |
suit? l”ll hab you kno de konirary den.—
You brak /allow rasbkull, to say that I bab
not skill to maik a good prumb budding, nor
roast de goose and de gander too. after bear
ing Missa Phillis read troo and troodtGoi
mandijer’s Almanack, and de Conk s Ora- ^
cle which you stole from de maitre d'/iotelin
France or Paris, Cl forget whi< b ) I’d hab ;
U lo kno dal T mast eat your words up, or I
meet me like a gentilinan.^
Yours, if you take ’um back.
IONEY
This laconic and spirited letter produced j
the following reply, which shews that Mon
sieur Tonson, or Coffee, had no idea ot
shrinking from bis antagonist, as sir T rancis
Burdett did from Mr. Canning on a late oc
casion.
Hotel d’Koruris, Aug- 20. :
Begari Toney, vat a rage you mus’ be in
to swell up like a toad fish, or a stul’t turkey
so! How it makes me laal! You tink I,
who am torougb bred artist, and who had
been long von master ub de grand art ub
cooking, dressing LeVeau. Le Cochon, and
Le Oie, and all de joujriime dishes vor de
D dches de Angouleme, should come on de
lebel wid an ignorant dabbler de’ tavern,and
meet him on de Champ de Mars. Ven you
hab study de Almanack des Gourmands, and
Dxctionarie de la Cuisine—and ven you can
turn a turkey into the shape of a loot ball,
von leg o! mutton like a bee hive, and
change pigeons into shapes de spiders, den
yoomay look in my face. But you talk ol
de fight. Begar! you’d much better like lo
smell de ragout dan de dem gun powder.—
You dare fight no more den ven you insulted
Jacky Snowball, by peeping iniode window
veil be vas charming de bon and lubly Missa
Dinah, with de pewtylool song ud—
How brebt was de bower,
Vento Missa Dinah’s bower,
Mas-a Kufiee wit his true hart came;
The moon hid her light,
Dinah’s eyes shone so bright,-—
I cant remember any more, but it was some
ting about two moons ifor one; and after all
you skulk’d like a puppy- You kno noting
ub de grande science, sabe to roast von petit
Cochon, or boil * poratoe. And as to de
grande fight, a spit looks better in your grea
sy hands den de pistol gun. Howeber, if1
you wish to try your skill, here’s at yoo
CUFFEE f-reber.
This epistle, as it may well be imagined,
was not calculated to allay the irritated feel
ings ol one whose honor was so tender, and
so dear to him; and produced the following
note, which brought matters to a crisis.
O yo« yellow brack scoundrel, to put in-*
suit on de top ub injury. 1 wished to hab no
quarrel, but to settle it amikabiy. You hab
fixed a brack spot on my character which
noting but brood kan wash away. You shall
see weather I k?n handle de spit or de pis
tol better- O it l could but hab you on de t
spit, I’d show you how to turn spit Jack. I'd j
mast you and baste you too. Mister Sambo, j
who carries dis will m^ke ail prupper ar-j
rangemeiits. Take care ub yourself—\ ou’l j
fine my courage up to de sucking plase—I
Missa Cbloe says you had de imbudrnce to i
git as a toast to’therday, *‘De Afiecan fair
seek: Dey look more pewtylool in de daik.* j
f*ol your’s
TONEY.
A meeting was now unavoidable. The
seconds were the head musician of the Con
gie-s Kail and Pavilion Band, and a geiUte*
man who goes by tue name ot the Prince of
Darkness—also a musician. They still at
tempted to dissuade the pa-ties trom the
bloody trial; but finding their efforts una
vailing—that all harmony between the par
ties was at an end—they determined to have
some music in the affair, if nothing more.—
The rround selected for the tidre-i, was
that on which the caanon was planted during
the celebration of the 4th of July, 182U,
immediately east of Congress Spiing, and
they were to fire at the distance of six paces.
One of the pat ties having solemnly made
his will, they all rtpaired to the awful spot,
and the two immediately concerned walked
wiih a firm step until they had nearly reach
ed the battle-ground. A slight tremour was
then perceived, which increased while the
seconds were depositing the winged messen
gers, of death in the barrels of the pistols.
(W'e ought here to mention that by this time
the affair bad got wind 5c the battle-ground
was soon urrounded by hundreds of anxi
ous spectators ) The pistols were placed in
the hands ot the combatants, and they took
their distance. CuflVe looked as pale as the
suu when totally eclipsed, and the gravy
rolled from the sable cheeks of Toney.—
The seconds were to count ten,|which last
number was to be the signal for firing. They
began—“one, two, tbiee, four, five, six’'—
here, unfortunately, Toney made a mistake,
and fired. Cuffee, however, held to his feet
and «ome altercation ensued. He contend
ed that lie must not lose bis fire; but was
overruled, and Toney’s piece was re-loaded.
His nerves grew stronger, under the invigo
rating influence of gun-powder smoke, and
the ht-roe* exchanged three shots—the last
oi which were exactly together.
Having thua amply tested their courage
the knignts of the catgut ihttrlered, ahUaf
ter much persuasion, Tuney, though nuh
great reluctance, conceded that his shatter,
ed reputation was repaired The paities
then shook bands, gunning most con pl^.
cenlly upon each other, displaying a tine
stock of ivory, and left the ground iu trj.
uinph. Before dismissing this important at
fair, it is proper to remark, that the second.-,
having more care lor the lives of their em
ployers than they bau themselves, had pru
dent'y, (though unknown to the principals)
charged (be pistols with dough bullets in
stead ol lead—the ammunition in general
use among the pastry cooks. The affair,*,
threatening in its aspect, has thus happily
terminated; and the only evil that bas accru
ed to the parties, is, that by a law ol the
state, they are disfranchised, and tendered
incapable ot holding any office of honor or
trust—unless the approaching Convention
in their wisdom and power, should think it
expedient to make provisiun lor cases of
such extreme delicacy.
Tr nslated for the American from Lis
bon papers to 15,h July, received at
thi» office per the schooner Franklin
Lisbon the 27th June, 1821.
From the Diano da Regencia of Lisbon.
Vienna, 2Gth May.
His Majesty, the Emperor of Austria,
has written a very flattering let:er to
prince Meternich, in which he appoints
him grand Chancellor of Slate. The
Vastia of Alorea complains bitterly to tne
British Governor ot the conduct of the
peopie of the Ionian islands; that the re
be iu received from that place every kind
o munitions of war even artillery. '] i.e
Pasha threatens him, that he will give
positive orders to arrest henceforth all
British vessels, if they continue to carry
on this illicit commerce. The Pasha has
maae the same complaint to the court of ;
Constantinople; since that period the I
Governor ot the Ionian Imanus has pro
hibited all intercourse with that country,
ordering the inhabitant* to take no part
whatever in the Greek insurrection. It
i» however, a.most certain, that the«e
prohibitions have produced no effect—
the Greek* being too animated to alien
the.i.selves to be intimidated, and the Eu
ropeans in general who are in Turkey,
contribute much to the success of true
glorious cause. Some by commercial in*
terest and the others by enthusiasm —
Nothing appears to appease this insurrec
tion: on the contrary, they are all active
and vigilant; it is even supposed, that the
Turks will not be able to retain then
longer under their authority.
SPAIN.
The inhabitants of Gallicia are indig
nant against the orders given for the im
pri sonmentand exile of the captain gei.e
ral Espoz y Mina, without the partici
pation of the government; and itisa/iirui
ed, that the king and his Ministers are
dissatisfied with these measures against
Mina, whom they know not to be in IV
vor of the revolution. Gen. Morillo has
shown a very decided character, and as
sured the king, that his majesty had
nothing to fear. The King persisted u
rtfusing hi* sanction to the decrees relat
ing to the patriotic clubs. The club of
the gold fountain continues its daily
assemblies with great success.
The attorney General of iiis Britanio
Majesty, at the request ot the Russian,
Austrian and Prussian Ministers, is going
to prosecute the Editor of a Journal, who
compares the Alliance Of Alexander 1st.
Francis 2d,and Frederick William. King
of Prussia, with the triumph o! (Jclaviu
Lepidus and Marcus Jntunius. \
Smyrna, juty *.
A* soon as orders were re< eived to lorf
volunteer corps, ti e Turks arnm d th*
offensively and began to fire on tbe Lurol*
a ns. 1 be commander ol the. French squ1*
dron and two ol his officers fed into the ban*
of the Patrol, and without respecting 'btJ
uniform and their titles, they have b**-n il*
treated and put in prison, when as the) a*'1
rivtd at the Guard House, they were re*
leased and put at libery In he night tbe
French Consul and the French Commander
went into the house ol the Governor *f«
promised them prompt satisfaction—tbu
circumstance has augmented the fubli;
troubles.
Lisbon, July ?• (
i A political and monarchul constitute!
has been presented to the Junta ol this Ke
geocy in order to be distu-.«ed in tbe Court
cil during the Session of 1821.
j July 9.
Mr. Henry Paljard has published a Mt
moire upon the advantages ol opening '*
Portugal a free port ol Commerce to all tw
nations of the World. V\e consider Ud
work worthy of patronage, and we recoa
mend it to public and particularly t<* ih°.:
w ho are mtereated in this matter.— Dw*’
July l®v
The American vessel the Maryland e
on the 16th May last in the high *e<,s’’
small fishing b«at which leit tbe
Islamn on the 22d April, having been d"*
en by a storm in the greatest diMres*. jbt|
unfortunate sailors were received on Ik3*
tbe Maryland with ibegiea-est human
by Mr. Winslow, an American Mercb»
who was the ow ner, and wbo ianded tnf
ar Havre and put them into the b inds oi
Portuguese Consul The Marauis ol »*,r
alva, Portuguese Lmbassador at Paris, 'wt'
immediately a very flattering letter to >
Winslow in the name ol his Gov«*rii» v®
thanking him lor his ktuduess and bts6*
manity.
On the 5th in3*. some workmen disc®**1
ed between St. Hupt and St. Mitcbel,*g‘
box concealed in some ruins Lacb *•! tl'J
took as many pieces ol gold a* he could
ry. They estimate that there were m1
box about a thousand pities. bearii* ^
effigy of Louis the I2tb*-each or tueui

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