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OIPrOI AL iOURNAL OP THE STATE OF LOUISIANA.
OL II--N) 02. NEW ORLEANS. TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 20, 1877. PRICE, FIVE CENT'. tLOUISIANA S.FE. or Sons Will be Patienti a 'While Lonbger. t WIll ot Intett',re In Favor . - the Packard Government. SWoOuld Hayes bo Desirous of ~s lng Burdened with lPalkard. (lSpeIoal to tie N. o. D1tmnerat.J - Sf ltxetlox, Feb. 19.--The President b.aM heard two delegations in ciuounetlon I W.hiLh Louisiana affairs to-day, repre Sttnig the situation there, nr1d both I iSg1that Packard be not recoanized. I S teeilved both dle, etions cordially I 4d listened to themn attentively. The I aast bears out the predlietions sent- I lI. tde in these dispateche,. 'I4eL President will not reoognize I am informed thirt thils de 0@ IS mainly due to lReputbltlan in . , The friends of Mr. Iayes that they do not want his adminis burdened with the helpless government for the next four as Grant's administration has ,with the Kellogg government for M. 4ast four. RWrlideet Grant is in a position to ap -. to this feeling, for he has had to the chief part of the Kellogg dead i lht himself, Congress having in bly shown a disinclination to help u.it in time of trouble. For these the President is inclined to let whole matter rest in staiu quo dur the remainder of his term, if posel and thus transfer to his successor privllege of adopting a Southern @ to suit himself. Nothing short of a violent outbreak SLZ.ialsiana could induce the President. 'L thteftere now. This suggestion need gli spire Packard and company to uaoture an outbreak to order after Sashion of the assassination pro e the other day, for any such e would be instantly detected and would fall flat. My pur in making the suggestion is al0m the excitement of your ple, and to exhort them to patient a few weeks or S, longer, because their fate Stfour years may depend upon ,it fortitude at the present time. lterefore, I say that nothing short of a·Attempt on the part of the people of 5.atilana to destroy the Packard fraud lViolence could possibly give it any Suuntenance at the hands of the au Shogitle. here. The President's position SOlast impartial and manly, and he is ued with the most worthy motives a. M the people of Louisiana, while frien.e of Mr. Hayes are altogether to any policy which would result la saddling the new administration with ~tburden of sustaining a fraudulent te government in defiance of the will Stthe people. . tesr the last four years' experience, ImaTy seem almost mockery to ask people to be patient yet a little r; but that is the word, neverthe Itgas and in it is embodied your salva tio. 1UliELL. STIHE DEIOCRATIC VAUCUS. t Itevt not to Filibuster, butn to SIrote t. will Appeal trou the Action of the Iribunal to the Country. !Special to N. O. Demoerat.) W'asfrnevoN, Feb. 19.-The caucus, 4hs an uneventful session, adjourned Wtout action until after the Oregon shall have been decided. It is be that no extreme filibustering tao will be adopted, and that the Dem after a formal protest against actien of the Tribunal which they as unjust, will leave events to their course. The aggregated pro sts of the House will be addressed to Scountry in the report of the caucus mittee of five, consisting of Hurd, t, Lynde, Singleton and Gibson, upon that report the Democracy appeal from the Tribunal to the y. Bu.LL. THE JOINT NES.ION. adlsy and Signing the FrotesP Against the Trlbunal's Decision. - The Policy of Delay Abandoned. [Speciali to K. O. Demcerat.] ~ 'AmxNelros, Feb. 19.-The two houses bled this morning in joint session, the protest of the House of ]3epre tives against the decision of the rat Tribunal in the Louisiana case iead, and is being signed by the tO. will be no organized tactics of the Democrats as a party will hutatwoa; the court will pro s Drmali a i the lj ob8 Bit.UGHTI HiO'EM AIREAD. For Nichollk and Louisiana- Breakers In Front of Packard. L Grant's Positive Assurance and "the Sacred Promise of Hayes. r Wells and Anderson in Despair. WAR.INGTON, Feb. 19.-The Louisiana delegation, with E. A. Burke, called on r the President this morning and was well received. Assurance was given by (ten. Grant that he would not recog nize the Packard government, but would leave the matter to be settled by t layed, whose poliey will not be embar 1 rassed by any action of Grant, Leading Rlepublicans have induced 1 the ]'resident to keep his hands off the Mouthern States, and have agreed, on y behalf of Hayes, not to interfere with the Democratic governmnents in Loulsi ana and South Carolina. The protest against the action of the Electoral Committee in Louiselana case was begun to be read in joint session. Kenner, Kennedy and Maddox will s testify to-day before the House Com mittee. a Wells and Anderson now despair of r Louisiana. They say that the accept a ance of Hayes by the Southern Demo crate means the recognition of Nicholls and Hampton. E. L. J. - *---~e - ..... . ------ . .. .... CONURtENM, The Houce Adjourns by a Majority of 11. I he Smallness of the Majority Attributed to the Influence of the Ttxas Pacfle Rallroad. l[peclsl to N. O. Democrat ] WAsmINoTOW, Feb. 19.-The House adjourned till to-morrow by only eleven majority. Some say that the Demo crate who voted against adjournment have surrendered ; others attribute it to the Texas Pacific Railroad interests, which wants to proceed with regular business. I think it is a little of both. BITUELL. TIlE LOUISIANA CASE. Fall Text of the Tribunal's Decision as to the Vete of Louisiana. Its Excuses for its Action. tpecial to N. O. Democrat.] WAmRn1uTov, Feb. 19.-The following is the full text of the decision of the Comm:eason in the Louisiana case: WAsum.cToN, D. C., Feb. 10. To the President of the United Siatees nate, pre iding: In a meeting of the two houses of Congress under an act of UOngress entitled an act to pro vide for and regulate the counting of the votes for President and Vice President, and the do cision of the questions arising thereon, for the term commencing March 4, A. D. 1877. approved Jar. 29, 1877. The i t.ctoral Comtiselon mentioned in said act having ruled certain oortifloates and papers purporting to be certificates and papers accom painying the electoral vote from the State of Louisiana, and in connection therewith submit ted to it, under the said act, now report that it has duly cosidered tie same, pursuant to the said act, and. by a malorny of votes, decided, and do hereby de,.ide, that thelvotes of William 1'. Kellogg, J. lenry Burch, Peter Joseph, I,1onol A. b oldon, Morris Marks, Aaron B. Levissec, Orlando II. Brewster, and Os car Joftron, named in the certificates of Wil liam P. Kellogg, (G vernor of said State, which votes are ceiltied by the said. persons, as ap pears by the certificates submitted to the Com m sldon as aroresaid, narked Nos. I and 3 by said Commission, and herewith returned, are the votes provided for by the Constitution of the United States, and that the same ate l[wfully to be counted, as therein certified; namely, the votes for Ki. I. Hayes, of Olhio, for Prssident, and the votes for W. A. Wheeler, of New York, for Vice Presideat. The Commission has, by a majority of votes, has decided anti does hereby decide and report that the persons first before-named were duly ap pointed electors in and by the said State of Lou isiana. '1 e brief ground of this decision is that it appears upon such evidence, as by the consti tation and law named in the said act of Con gress, is competent and pertinent to the consid eration of the subject; that the before-mentioned electors have been lawfully appointed electors of the I'resident and Vice President of the United States fbr the term beginning March 4, 1877 of the State of Loub4iana, and that they qualified as such at the time and in the manner provided for by the constitution of the United States. The Commission thus, by a majority of votes, decided and does hereby decide, that it is not competent, under the constitution and law, as i, existed at the date of the Passage of the said act, to go into evidence outside of the papers openled by the President of the Senate in tne presence of the two houses, to prove that other persons than those regularly certified to by the Governor of the State, according to the determination of their appointment by the Returning Otlicers for elec trons in said State, prior to the time required for the performance of their duties, hat been appomnted electors or, by couunterproof, to show that they had not or that the determination o' said Returning Odflcers was not in accordance with truth and fact. lihe O.mmission, by a majority of votes, being of the opinion that it is wituin the jurtadic iot of the two houses of Congress assembled to count the votes for President and Vice Presi dent, and to enter upon 'trial of such questions as might arise, and also being of toe opinion that it is not competent to prove that any of said persons so appointed electors as aforesaid herd ffices of trust or profit under the United states at the time when they were app.inted, or that they were ineligib;o under laws of the State, or any other mat:er ffere: to be proved concern ing 3aid o roficates and papers. thie ,ommltsion is also of the opinion, by a majority of votes, that the returning officers of el otion who canvassed the vot:e of the election for electors in Louisiana were a la;fully consti tuted body by v.rtue of a constitu iooal law, and that a vacancy in said body did not vitiate its Th Comission has also decided and does htreby decide, by a majority of votes, and report Sa consuemcseo upon the foregoig, and upon the la nnl bam 4 t!dtt+at the papaer Prport ro ofS~rD ~she erlseetl~ts o tion of the United States, and that they ought not to be eoented s poehb. Done at Washington the day and year first above written. Bigned by: SAMUEL F. MILLER, W, tSITtNG, JO,8. P. BRADLEY, GEO. F. EDMUNDA, 0. P. MUlTUlN, F F. '. FRIELINtHUYSEN, J. A. GAIRFIELi), G. F. HOAR. After the readin# of the decilsion, the Demo oratic prote.t was entered. The Senato retired and voted, 41 to 28, to sustain the decidion. The House, without any action on the ilnesdon, took ecess until to-morrow. 1 TlE PItEIDIENI'. YIlls Views of the Loulilana aunl Mouth lt Ci aroll a Co'azst. Slie will l.eive l'Them to 1114 r'Mcessor to |I l m~,,tr inho WASHINOTON, Feb. 19.--In regard to Louisiana, toe President will not under take to decide tas betweenl Pakcard iniff Nicholls unless he is compelled 10o do so in consequen( O of siome oell Ideln(oll stration against the peace. lie believes, however that Packard's government, could ornly be sustaiined by the presence of troops and that, as there remained but two weeks of his administration, lie would hardly feel justifled in taking any action, for his successor might not enter tain the same views asbto the use of the military in support of State authority ; The President, in speaking of the po litical status of South Carolina and Louisiana. said that the cases were ex tremely dissimilar, and could hadly be treated under one general link of action. In South Carolina the contest has as sumed such a phase that the whole army of the United States would be inadequate to enforce the authority of Gov. Chamberlain; that the people of that State had resolved, not to resort to violence, but adopted a mode of resist ance much more formidable and effec tive than armed demonstration. They have refused to pay their State taxes, and it would be useless to sell out their property, as no one would buy it, and unless Chamberlain could compel the collection of taxes it would be utterly useless for him to expect to maintain his authority for any length of time. This state of affairs must inevitably result in the abandonment of all efforts by Gov. Chamberlain to maintain him self in the exercise of gubernatorial functions of the state of South Uaro lina. ------ -*** ------ COIC4-'RE$*. The Objections to the Tribunal's Iecl sion iln he Louisiana Case. WAsHmNOTON, Feb. 19.-The House met at 10 o'clock. At 11 the Senate en tered and the decision of the commis sion delivered. Gen. Gibson presented a remonstrance signed by all the Dem ocrats. It recites the proof proposed by the Democratic counsel, and the proceedings of the commission, with full details. The House will separate when the reading is concluded. Further progress of the count is improbable to-day. THE OItEGON C'ASE. The Democrats Prepared to Argue It WASHINGTON, Feb. 19.-The Demo cratic counsel have nearly completed their preparations of the contest over Oregon. They say they will win there or utterly disgrace the commission. IiOWI.'4r LOUISiANA COMIIITTEF. It Will not Report Before tihe End of ite Week. WAsmNwoTON, Feb. 19.-Howe's Louis iana committee, upon which the Repub licans base their hope of Packard's recognition, have work before it which will occupy the week. Gov. Palmer, of Illinois, will be summoned in connec tion with Littlefleld and Vernon parish, and Secretary Honoro and his papers must be examined. Fires. JAMEsTOwN, N. Y., Feb. 19.-The Pres byterian church on West Third street wts burned last night. Loss $10,000. HARTFORn, Ct., Feb. 19.-The store of Loomis Bros. and HIillyer Hotel, in Gra bury, burned yesterday. Loss--Loomis Bros. $10,000, hotel $60,000. A New Grand Vizier Appointed. CONSTANTINOPLE, feob. 19. -- Edham Pasha has been requested by the Sultan to appoint another (lrand Vizier. The dismissal of Edham Pasha seems to be a fact, and Mahmoud Nedhim, brother-in-law of the Sultan, became Grand Vizier, with a policy aiming at the abrogation of the constitution. Edham Pasha will continue to assist him, as the new Vizier is ignorant of any foreign languages. Russian Engineers Preparinf for War, LoNDoN, Feb. 19.-It is stated that 8000 Russian Engineers are altering the gauge of the Roumania roads to con form with these of Russia. The work will be completed in twenty days. The Cervian Envoy at Constantinople. . LonDoN, Feb. 19.--Christics, the 8er vian Envoy, was honorably received at Constantinople. Reported crisis is im minent at COdnstantinople. A new Grand Vizer has been appointed. The Turkish Army on the Frontier In creasin;x. LoNDON, Feb. 19.-A Router dispatch from Rutsehutt, Bulgaria, says: The number of Turkish troops quartered in villages along. tne Danube has in creased from 60,000 on the 31st of Janu ary to 75,000. The garrison or Rutschutt numbers 120,000. The Next Pope. LONDON, Feb. 19.--Avic:es from Rome say it, has been concluded thrat the new Pope m'iy be elected without regard to nationality. Washlngtoi's Ai nniversary. Company A of the Continental Guards will celebrate becomingly the anniver sary of Geor.ge Washington by parading through our principal streets on Thursday, February 22, After the parade they will entertain their friends at a grand bail at St. Patrick's Hall. The route of the procession will be as fellows; From the armory to Poydras street, to St. Charles, to Canal, to C~am part, to E lana4, to Bonel, to Du 10Ktjanc ~ A IlEICtHlANI'S VIEWS. Philosophical Analysis of the Political Sit nation by John Bl. Lalltte, Esq. Editor Democrat-If, in your opinion, any good can be accomplished by the publication of the accompanying com mnnication, written by one who has de voted forty years to mercantile pur suits, only taking such part or interest in political affairs as behooves every American citizen; who never has been and never expects to be an aspirant for public office; who counts among his best friends many members of the Re publican party; who has experienced sufficient of both prosperity and of adversity to be no longer elated by the one nor depressed by the other; who has reached a time of lifoe when the fires of personal ambi tion burn dimrly, and the passions wait upon judgment; who, entering upon the decline of life, can view tihe nearer approach of the final close without a feeling of dread ; who lives less for him self than for his children anAt his ohild ten's chilrren: wholenl t.lhifLt Al firsat duty now is to transmit to them unim paired the preioous inheritance of freo domn he received from his progenitors; who loves his whole country with an ardent love and Whose sole object is to do what in his power lies to promote the welfaro and prosperity of that country; you are at liberty to publish it. Truly yours, JNo. B. LAIITrT. Tile Situation, and Our Duty to our State and Country. At no previous period of our history has the political situation been more critical, and it is painfully evident that the very existence of rejpubllean institu tions is seriously threatened. A slight retrospect will show that the present situation is the natural r of the de fective elements of our m of gov ernment, brought into to force by f the late war between the States. It is unnecessary to refer to the causes that led to that war, except to say that the lack of a proper under Sstanding by each section, of the prin ciples and fixed resolve of the other, r was the main obstacle in the way of a 1 peaceful settlement of the difficulties a that then existed, and a similar misun ' derstanding at the present time may lead i to a similar result. At no time have the actions of our political leaders been y characterized by such purely partisan a motives; therefore, it is eminently - proper that the mercantile and other 1 non-political classes should exercise all their influence to avert the dangers that threaten us. After the close of the war the control of the government naturally remained SIn the hands of the party that had car ried on that struggle to a successful termination. The then situation re Squired that those in charge of the gov ernment should have been imbued with the purest patriotism and endowed with statesmanship of the highest order, which alone could have restored real peace to our suffering country. Unfortunately the assassination of President Lincoln removed from the chief magistracy the only man who could, at that time, have restrained the passions of his subordinates, and real ized what he often declared to be his sole ambition, to wit, to be the P'resl (lent of the whole country. By that de claration he surely meant that his am I bition was to be the President of a r united people. 3 At Mr. Lincoln's death the chief mag istracy passed into the hands of a man distrusted by the victorious section, I owing to his being of Southern birth, and despised by the other section for what they deemed his treason to his Sown State. The strifeo:which had ter s minated in the field was renewed in the i halls of Congress, and from that day to t this the dominant party has striven to retain power by stimulating and per Spetuatlng sectional animosity by every s species of falsehood and villfication. A remorseless band of plunderers was turned loose upon the South to prey upon an impoverished people and con sume the small remnant of their former wealth. Not daring to treat the South ern States openly and avowedly as con quered provinces, and ignoring the self evident proposition that under our sys tem States can only exist as co-equals, they endeavored to exercise over them a despotic rule under the forms of re publican State governments. Such a policy could lead to but one I result, the consolidation of the South ern States as a unit against the party s that oppressed them, and this has, un Sfortunately, given to the late presiden e tial eleetion much of the character of a t sectional struggle. The result of that election shows a solid Southern elec t toral vote in favor of the opposition f candidate, with a sufficient number of other States tesocure his election. History teaches us that a party corn t ing into power under such circum 3 stances as placed our government in the - hands of the Republican party, and n maintained in power for so long a period and by such measures as they have re Ssorted to, has seldom, if ever, been dis placed without a bloody revolution. To t every intelligent and unbiased mind it Smust be evilent that Mr. Tilden was · fairly elected President, and the action of the Republican pairy leaders would seem to indicate l hat such was also their conviction. To defe;it the poPl)Ular will, and retain the control of the gover:n Sment, they discardld the method of as e certaining the result of the election pre " scribed by the constitution, and, profit ing by the timidity of their otoonents, have enacted the now famous Electoral Law It is dificult to say what phase this qluestion may present at the time this article may appear in print, but at the hour of writing, eithvr one of four re sults may ho rehched. First, the elec tioa of Mr. Tildeti, which would re store peaco and cnifiience, and, as a natural sequence, prosperity to our suffering count ry. Secoonlly. the election of Mr. Hayoe. Tllis would b,' lwda-trousi to the commercial and fl:anc al interests of tihe country, and would event uate in civil war, or the overthrow of Retpublican institutens. Not only the Democrats, but tena of thousands of honest Republicans, would feel that the seating of Mr. Hayes was the re suit of fraud, and his administra tion_ w ld-- fail t -o t-) command the respect and suppert Ot Y who sustained him at the A government .Wk.io of offiee is tainted by fraud Would, of necessity, seek to strengthen and per petuate its power by every weans at its command. Constitutional festrietions would weigh as naught against political expediency and party necessity. One by one the barriers would be broken down and before the expiration of its four years' term of office our govern ment would have assumed the charac ter of an irresponsible despotism. Our Northern and Western fellow-oltitens may deem this the exhalation of a fe vered brain, or the rhodomantade of a disappointed croaker, but the people of Louisiana know, by bitter experience, that slch may reasonably be ex peoted to result from the seat ng of Mr. Hayes. History constantly repeats itself, and the condition of Loutsiana to-day will be the condition of the whole country four years hence unless the inevitable despotism should be successfully resisted by force of arms. It must not be supposed that this would be an easy task. The ad ministration would strengthen Itself by multiplying offices; peculation and ve nality would extend their baneful in fluenee, and thousands of sturdy re cruits woudtt look 1_ -Ats eniport from both political parties. We cin correctly forecast the conrition of the Unitel States four yearn hence by comparison with the Spectacle presente I by Loulsiaena to day. Here thbo honest and intelligent tmen of all the old parties, whether Whigs, Democrats, Republilcans, Know Nothings, or Roman Catholics, are leagued against the officeholders, back ed by the ignorant and deluded masses, Then you will lind the honest and in telligent men of both parties opposing the usurpation anti confronting the venal and ignorant of all parties. It must not be supposed that this is in tended to reflect upon the character of Mr. Hayes as he stands to-day. He may be, and, probably is, an honest man, a liberty-loving and law-abiding citizen, but the very necessities of his position will force him to adopt this course, regardless of his better in stincts. Thirdly, the election may be thrown into the House of Representatives, se curing the election of Mr. Tilden as President and Mr. Wheeler as Vice President. This seems more improba ble than either of the two first, though it may be adopted under the misnomer of a compromise. Fourthly, no decision being arrived at by the 4th of March, a new eleetion would be held. This would involve the whole country in fresh strife, business would be paralyzed, and no man can foretell what would be the result. The electoral bill was offered and ao cepted as a compromise to secure the peoacefal solution of a vexed and dan gerous question. Like all compromises of principle, and all actions outside of the organic law of the I4nd, it may prove to be the reverse, and lead us to results that make one sick at heart to contemplate. A wise statesmanship may yet avert the threatened danger, but every true lover of his country should calmly but resolutely review the situation in all of its bearings, lest, lulled by a false sense of security, we may drift upon the rocks that now threaten the ship of State. Such being the situation of our na tional affairs, what is our duty ? No eitizen of Louisiana of ordinary intelligence doubts the fact that the vote of this State was honestly cast at the polls for Tilden and Hendricks; that result has been certified to by John McEnery, the lawful Governor of the State. A similar certificate has been issued by the usurping, but de facto, Governor, William P. Kellogg, to the Hayes and Wheeler electors. The solution of the question as to which set of electors shall cast the vote rests with the Congress of the United States, and our only duty now is to uphold the right by our moral force. Here our duty, so far as concerns this national question, ends. Should Mr. Hayes be declared elected and be in stalled in bhe presidential chair, it will be our duty to accord to him the same obedience as we would yield to the can rlitlntl nr nnr nholon. Sdidate of our choice. The situation as regards our own 1 State, and our duty to our State, re- 1 mains to be considered; the paramount importance of that subject, and the length this paper has already attaided, E renders it necessary to devote to it a separate article; but, as the air is i already tainted with reports from 1 Washington of another compromise, a word of warning cannot be deferred. Compromifes have led us to our pres ent deplorable condition, and how can any citizen of Louisiana, worthy to bear the proud title of American citizen, consent to any more bargaining away of our lights ? Imagine, if you can, the t effects that must flow from a cempre mise engineered by William P. Kel logg, the usurping monster that has fed upon the vitals of the State and trampled upon your dearest rights for four long years, and who now de nounces you as a band of assassins, whilst, in his own person, he fur nishes a living proof of his own mendacity. Far better that every man, woman and child within the borders of our State should seek shelter under the branches of the fatal Upas tree and wake up in eternity than listen to any offers of compromise. The time has arrived when you must staid ready to maintain your rights at all hazards, or, forfeiting your title as American freemen, consent to be hence forth the willing slaves of your oppres sors. Jio. B. LAI'rTE. .. -- -- - pa- - Tihe nter-Oceanic Ship Canal. [ pecisl to Cincinnati Commercial.) WAsaIN.TON, Feb. 16.-Signor Adan Cardenas, Special Commissioner of the Nicaraguan Government, has aban . doned all hopes of a successful consum mation of the Inter-Oceanic Canal r Treaty, and will start for New York in a few days, and will take a steamer early next month for Aspinwall. He has been 3 at Washington tour months, without * being able to secure a final and success ful conclusion to his important mission. r Notwithstanding the interest of the President in the successful inauguration f of this great project, constant delays t there delayed the negotiation, the prin - cipal plea at the De artment of State - being that the politeal situation ab i sorbdi everytb g - LEVEES. Report ,f te M House Committee on Lands and Levees. A Propeoal to Pay and Do Away with the Louisiana Levee Company. The following report was submitted by the Committee on Lands and Levees in the House yesterday, and received by that body: booMs OF COMMITTEE ON LANDS AND LEVEEs, Odd Fellows' Hall, Feb. 19, 1877. To thle floorableo peaker and Memb -re of the II!oteo of 1.6 ,preseoIativYes: C(Gentlener--In obedience to a resolu tion of your honorable body, of date January 11, to us directed, and in con formity with the requirements of law your Committee on Public Lauds and Levees beg to inform your honorable body that they have examined the affaire of the Ioulstana, Levee Com pany, and ask leave to submit our fol lowing report, to wit: First-Tho Inoisiana Levee Company i coi - 3` ?'s L c raio-n rgan4ize und__a ec-r the general laws of the State, by notarlal I act, passed on the 11 th day of February, 1871, before Chas. Covillior, a notary public of the city of New Orrle-ns, and duly recorded in the ofoice of R.,oorder of Mortgages of the parish of Orleans, in book t, folios 247, 248 and 249, on the same (lay. Second-- That a contract for the con structiou, control and maintenance of all the levees in the State was entered into by Act No. 4 of the Legislature of 1871, between the State of Louislana and the Louisiana Levee Company, the t State being represented by the Jover. nor thereof, and the company by its proper officers. Said Act No. 4 was ap proved Feb. 20, 1871, and the contract entered into therein was ratified by Act I No. 27 of the same year, approved Feb. § 28, 1871, said acts having been subse 5 quently amended by Act No. 43, ap° proved March 8, 1873. Third-The terms of this contract, in I brief, were: That the Louisiana tevee " Company agreed to build and maintain a all the levees in the State of Louisiana, or in the State of Arkansas, when necessary to protect lands in Louisiana 1 from overflow (the co at of the said r State of Arkansas bein gltained there to), upon the banks of flMississlppi 1 river and its tributaries, for a period of t twenty-one years from Feb. 28, 1871 E The work was to be done under and B according to the direction of the Board I of Engineers-one appointed by the State at a salary of $6000 per annum, one by the Levee Company, and one 3 by the United States-and no work was to be required or permitted except such as was authorized and ordered by the said Board of Engineers. All work completed by the Levee Company was to be examined monthly by a cotn mission of persons," one of whom was to be appointed by the Governor, one by the Board of Directors of the com pzany, and one by the President of the United States, and, in company with, the Chief Engineer they were to make estimates of work done and certify the same to the company. Of these persons the one appointed by the Governor and the one appointed by the President of the United States were to receive salaries of $6000 each per annum. For all work ' done and received as above, the State of t Louisiana was to pay at the rate of sixty cents per cubic yard, and, after October 1 1, 1873, the price was reduced to fifty cents per cubio yard; and for this pur e pose a tax of four mills up to and in cluding the year 1878, and of three mills since that day for levee construction, r and a tax of one-half of one mill for I levee repairs was levied upon all the B property of the State. Fourth--The original charter memon bere of the Louisiana Levee Company were persons who were not identified I with the Interests of the State, and their object seems to have been one of spec ulation simply. These persons, under I their charter and contract, issued and placed upon the market one million dollars in stook, and after pocketing the proceeds of the stock, their connec I tion with the company seems to have nnn o s The stock thus thrown upon the mar ket was bought up by the present hold ers, who are for the most part gentle men largely interested'in the mainten ance of levees in the State, and a cash subscription was at once raised amount ing to $40,000, and with this sum work was begun. Fifth-A oareful examination of the books of the company and comparison therewith, of the reports of the Cos. missions of Engineers and "persons," shows the total amount of work done by the company up to February 1, 1877, as follows, to wit: 8,586,060 cabi yards completed pre vious to October 1, 1873, at, 60 cents ................ ....t2,151,688 00 3,09),699 cable yards comleted since October 1, 1878, at 60 eents. 1,545,299 50 Repairs on levee. as ordered by En gineers to February 1, 1876....... 99,846 74 Total amount earned........ $3,796,782 24 To which should be added: .50,0J0 cubic yards now under con tract for 1877, at 50 cents......... $175,000 00 400,000 cubic yards now under con tract for 1878 at 50............... 200.000 00 Maki-g total amount earned by the company..................14,171,782 24 The amounts paid the company by the State are as follews, to wit: During the year 1872.............. 400,00000 During the year 1873 ........... . M9,20 00 During the year 1874 .............. 44,200 00 During the year 1876.............. 669,80000 During the year 1876.............. 33,00 00 During the year 1877...... ....... 23,0W0 00 $2,299,250 00 Leaving the balance due the com pany........ .................... $1,872,53 24 Or, if we consider the taxes due in 1877 and 1878, not yet paid in, will cancel $750,000 of the amount, we find that the indebtedness of the State at the end of two years will be nearly $1,100,000 if no new levee work should be ordered. Or, if we eliminate from the problem all work predicated upon taxes not yet due, we have- O 3,586,000 able October 1, 1873, a. .:2, ............ ,151,68 00 2,840,699 `aobiE yardl to Ootober 1, 1876, at 0 cents...... ....... 1,20.20980 Total. Amount pa id by.- 2 50 000P 77ji -V·