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The New Orleans daily Democrat. [volume] (New Orleans, La.) 1877-1880, March 06, 1877, Image 1

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TE NEW ORLEANS DAILY DEMOCRAT,
OFFICIAL JOURNAL OF THE STATE OF LOUISIANA.
VOL. II---NO. 76. NEW O.RLEANS, TUESDAY, MARCH 6, 1877. PRICE. FIVE CENTH.
VOL 1I"- 0 7ir. PR CE FIV rI Iimmm!Jm. tJtt| ii m !•|tm 1 m|!t
BY TELEGRAPH.
'llIE TROOPS.
fNayes Will at Once Order Them
From the South.
SI Ior Rarke on His Way South
with a Written Pledge from
laye, to That iffect.
[St.'tial to N. O. Democrat.)
WAsIINoToN, March 65.- President
Hayes, as soon as his Cabinet is formed,
will issue general orders to all com
manding officers in the South to with
.' draw their troops to the government
reservation,.. This order will be ex
plained as relicving the federal troops,
finally, from all duties inciddnt to the
peculiar civil and political condition of
the Southern States.
Major Burke has just left here for
New Orleans with a written assurance
from Hayes to this ciTect, and Senator
Gordon has a similar document to be
forwarded to (Govu.Hampton. BuELL[,
1 -- "4 o -
GE'. J)IINSC OV.
lie Hleitates to Accept heo Ap
pointmlent Proffered by
Ilnayes.
-i neral iihernman Admires Him
but Never Proposed flis
Iallne.
LSpecial co N. 0. Detl >)CIat.]
WASHsNGTON, March 5.-The only
doubtful Cabinet position at this time is
the War Department. (Gen. Johnston is
here, having arrived on the Potomac
boat this morning. Since his arrival he
has been in consultation with his
friends; what his conclusion is or
whether ho has arrived at any cannot
be definitely stated, but it is ascertained
that the War Department will not be
offered to hint unless it is known that he
'will accept the position.
Gov. Wallker, of Virginia, who be
Iteves that the S Guth should accept the
policy held out by Hayes in good faith
. and sustain him in it so long as he
maintains the non-partisan attitude set
forth in his inaugural, is anxious that
Gen. Joe Johnston should a 'cept. Gov.
Walker says there is no man in the
* South who coull accept the place with
so much fitness as Gen. Johnston could,
inasmuch as since t1he death of Gen. Lee
he is pre-emineni ly the representative of
the fighting Couf derate element, while
his abstinence froin politics since the
war leaves hinm un:ramnmelled by party
considerations. Moreov-r, he says no
man in the South is nmore respected at
the North thin (itrn. Johnston. These
.are samples of tIhe influences that are
brought to bear upon Gcn. Johnston.
He will probably reach a final deter
mination to-night.
Gen. Sherman desires a correction
of the report thit lie officialry re
commended Gen. Johnston for the po
sition of Secrotary of War. It is his
custom to eulogize Gen. Johnson as
a man and a soldier whenever his name
is brought up in conversation, but such
eulogy is of a purely personal nature.
He-has never said anything to Hayes
-or anybody else that could be construed
into a recommendation. BUELL.
..... ..-- @ ..--------
.[From Onu Evening Edition of YesterJay.]
MHI (OU.NTRY IB FORE HIS PAITY.
Met a Republican Bell ye that Packard
Has a Ghiost f a Show.
[Spc.c.al to N. O. Democrat.i
WAmKINrTC, March 5.-I have just
ard Hayes' inaugural address. It is
tRe same as the letter of acceptance.
Hayes dwelt particularly on the neces
etty of local self-government in the
Southern States, and called for abo
Sition of sectional and color lines. He
wproferred his country to his party. I
hav not seen a Democrat or Repub
'~iaf who thinks Packard has the least
chance of support from Hayes.
ALBERT C. JAIS.
THuB SNATE.
j Objections to Kelleogg
WASnmI.TON, March 5.-Senator Ferry
'"was chosen President of the Senate pro
tempore.
Kellogg was called to be sworn and
objected to. Will lie over.
Objection being made to the South
Carolina Senators, Corbin and Butler,
they Wt over till to-morrow; likewise
ello ; also Morgan, of Alabama, and
lm of Mississippi. Wheeler was
awopn as Vice President.
SFOREIGN.
IGNATIEFF.
S ntlradletory Stories of his Travels.
e Batux, March 4.-Gen. Ignatieff has
arrived in this city.
LOxDON, March 4.-Reuter's dispatch
from Paris says: Gen. Ignatief goes
to London and Paris. The powers will
4lay thei ropies to GortcdIkorS
circular until Ignatieff's mission has
ended.
The Journal des Debates denies that
Ignatieff will visit London.
O'M&ARONEI FUNERBAL.
One Hundred Thousand Persons Present.
DunLr., March 4.-The funeral of
John O'Mahoney took place to-day. Six
thousand persons took part in the pro
cession, which passed through the prin
cipal streets, carrying mourning ban
ners accompanied by thirty bands of
music. The coffin was placed upon a
funeral car, which was immediately fol
loged by some twenty persons who had
formerly been imprisoned for political
offenses. About 100,000 reople
witnessed the demonstration, which
was purely of a Fenian
character. About twenty of the
trade organizations of Dublin took part
in the procession, Several delegations
from the country attended. Mr. Chas.
S. Kresham, formerly a political pri
soner, delivered the address, in the
course of which he declared that Fenian
ism still existed. The remains were de
posited in the grave of Terence Belleu
MolManus. All the public houses in the
city were closed during the day.
The Itritish Fleet.
A'T.'IN, March 4.-The British fleet'
sailed irom the Piracus this morning for
Malta.
Foreign Markets.
IIAVa-t+, March 3--Iug.gr--tho market bee
been active and tlrr, but b.amrno in rltlar to
wards the close of the wt!eek, on account of ad
verse news from abroad; and forilm r quotations
remain unchanuged. Htock in war, IIhoes at lea
vanna and Mauza 96,0000 Ioxes ald 31,500 hhde.
Exnorls during the watk 9).110 tox s and 91001
hilds, including 1700 boxes and 8300 hds to to the
1Tnilte' Htates. Molasses-5d dtgre, polarita
tion, 7" red a r er keg.
*-- - -
VELRNON PARIll•II.
The Police Jury Will Itecognize Nlcholls
Only as Governor-Taxes Will lie Paid
Over to Ills Tax Collectors Alone.
At a meeting of the Police Jury held
in the courthouse in the town of Lees
ville, on the 20th day of February, 1877,
on motion of Cullen F. Cowerly, it was
Resolved. That the Police Jury of the
parish of Vernon, Louisiana, do recog
nize his Excellency, Francts T. Nicholls,
as the legally elected and qualified Gov
ernor of Louisiana; that we cheerfully
agree to recognize the legal government
under his administration, and that the
taxes levied by the Police Jury of Ver
non parish shall be paid to the collector
appointed by the said Governor; that
copies of this resolution be sent to our
Senator and Representatives, and also
to the New Orleans DrInocnAT and Lake
Charles Echo for Iublication.
'Taoes. F'. CnAtwFFO1tD,
President Police Jury.
Wei. H. SIMAIT, Clerk Police Jury.
An Inauguration Prayer Meeting.
[Gourier-Joltrnal.]
Arrangements are in progress for a
great inauguration prayer meeting, to
be held in Philadelphia Sunday next,
in response to the wish of President
elect Hades, asking that the people
would pray that divine assistance and
guidance might be vouchsafed to him
in the discharge of his duties as the
chief executive of the nation; and the
hope is expressed that similar meetings
will be held throughout the country, to
the end that peace and prosperity may
be restored to our nation.
. .. ... -' b O -- . .... . .
rThe Cares or Empire.
[Courier-Journal.]
A man arrived at Columbus, the other
day, from Baltimore, with a story to the
effect that Hayes' train was to be wreck
ed between Baltimore and Washington
and Hayes' throat was to be cut. The
fellow demanded a postmastership for
the disclosure of the "plot." It is not
known whether Hayes "recognized"
him or not.
AN OLI) MAID.
The Oldest One to be Found In the Coun
try.
IN. Y. Sun.]
The Rev. N. L. lowell, pester of the West
Twenty-ciuth .-tret £iaptist tLburoh, paid a visit
yesterday to Rebecca auder o,, the colorul wo
man, one hundrei and tweave years of age, who
was baptized by immersion in the Rev. Mr. Row
eh's chburch on Sunday evening last. The aged
woman was foun:d at 504 West Twenty-sixth
street, hard at work at her hou-ehold duties. She
said that she was in Philad, lhia, and heard the
old Liberty belt ring ou its peat announcing the
signing of the Declarati n of Indeptndence.
During the Revolutionary war she lived in New
York and New Jersey. Stir was displeased when
she saw in the Sun's report of htr baptism the
prefix "Mrs." printed btfore her name. She says
that she is the ".'ldest old maid" in the city. She
has lived single because of her unwillingness to
have a husband tell her what she must or must
not do. She is still Miss Anderson, and is not
likely to marry.
Kosuth Weumed Up.
[From the Philadelphia Bulletin.]
ROME, Italy, Feb. 2 -A friend who has just
come from Turin has been giving me a glowing
description of Ko'suth's reception of the Hunga
rian Deputies. He says the effect was over
whelming. The eloquent old Magvsr made a
splendid speech. At the close he turned sud
denly and remained silent for an instant, gazing
on the flag of Hungary, and trembling with emo
tion; then he burst out in his magnetic voice:
',You ask me," he cried, "to return to my country I
Yes, I shall return! But only un the day when I
can seize this blessed banner and plant it at
Pesth, when it is truly free and independent. I
cannot be false to my past! And I grieve to say
to you that I can never see my country again
until the day of its complete deliverance--it
total independence. That day I will go, and
will be proud to represent you in Parliament,
and to serve you, heart, body and soul." The
Deputies cried, shrieked and sobbed aloud.
Outwlulog the Demoerats.
[From the Det o.t Tribune, R, p.]
The letters of Secretary Flrh, Senator E.
munde, and Representative W. B. Wliiams,
upon the Electoral Commission bill, are well
worth reading Each of, hem etill lurther con
firms the statement that the tenitt would not
have sustained the right of its Preaident to
count tt:e electoral votes 'n a quasi-jdicial
sense, sad that therefore the passage of the till
reported by the jo:nt committee was an indis
peusable step toward placing "the Republ:caa
case " in a maintainable attitude.
The Roman Rifles, commanded by Captain L.
Bonny, tender their best acknowlaagements to
Mrs. J. 0. Gaines far refreshments wiile on
guard, and to Pehcan No. 4 for a serenade and
other courtesies.
Bu..rrr's CoooAnr.-A perfect dressing for
the hair. The Coooaine hold, in a liquid form a
large proportion of d.oderized cocoanut oil, pre
pared expremal for this purpose.
wa srm.sor sale. ·adversmenta ina rt
aus tirpgerl'U at tasallateveran
[From Our Evening Edition of Yesterday.]
TO-DAY.
The New Southern Departure.
Hayes Develops the Temper and
Courage of Andrew Jackson.
The New Cabinet.
The Olive Branch Fxtended to the
south.
ISeeial to the N. 0. Deomora .l
The Inauguration.
WAsmING(ON, March 5.-The Inaugu
ration ceremonies are progressing
quietly. The pageantry is not very im
posing and the military display infe
rior to that of 1872 or 1806. The day is
cloudy and cold, but not stormy or
blustering.
Ilayed' Policy.
Hayes' inaugural address will be
delivered in alout an hour from now.
It is not a long document, nor is it re
markable, except as to the Southern
question. On this point, Hayes far ex
coeds the expectations of even the
most sanguine of his conservative
friends, in fact, ho inaugurates a policy
which. if steadily adhered to, will form
the basis of an entire new departure
and a complete reconstruction of po
litical parties. He seems to have taken
the bits in his teeth, as they say of a
race horse, and has bolted the party
track completely.
A New Party.
His Cabinet will be made up of the
most respectable elements in the Re
publican party and the most pro
nounced elements of the ex-Confederate
Conservatives in the South.
The Bloody-MIhlrt Radclal..
As a consequence, the bloody-shirt
Radicals are furfous. Combination of
the Morton, Blaine and Cameron fac
tions will be madle against Hayes at
once, and he will have to depend largely
upon the South for his support in Con
gress.
You need not be surprised to see the
South in both Houses of next Congress
joining hands with the respectable Re
publican element in the North and
West and in support of the Hayes Ad
ministration and against a combination
of the Radical element of the IRepubli
can party with the Bourbon element of
the Democracy.
Hayes has hitherto been regarded as
a weak man, but if he carries out tihe
policy he has inaugurated he will rank
with Andrew Jackson for independence
and firmness of character.
The I(ainet.
The most reliable accoun's tht can be
obtained make the Cabinet as follows:
Secretary of State-Evarts, of Now
York; Secretary of the Treasury-John
Sherman; Secretary of War-Joseph E.
Johnston; Secretary of the Navy---John
M. Forbes, of Boston; Secretary of
the Interior-Carl Schurz; Postmaster
General-ex-Senator Key or John C.
Brown, of Tenn.; Att'y Gen'l- McCrary
of Iowa.
General Joseph E. Johnston,
It'a, not certain that Generail
Job hrton will accept, but (Gen. Sherman
thinks he will. Governor Brown, of
Tennessee, may not accept, and in that
event the Postoflice will be tendered to
KgYou can readily imagine whata bomb
shell such a Cabinet would be to the
prevailing party organizations. Per
sonally it would be the most powerful
Cabinet since the administration of
John Quincy Adams.
A. . . ewitt
Mr. Hewitt to-dav resigned the chair
manship of the National Democratic
Committee, and Senator Barnum, of
Connecticut, was elected in his place.
Mr. Hewitt accompanied his resignation
with a letter to the committee which
bears out the statements made in my
letter to you defending him against the
attacks of Henry Watterson and others.
The recent tone of the New Orleans
DEMOCRAT, and other leading Southern
Journals, has done much to encourage
Hayes in adopting his broad andti liberal
Southern policy. He offers the olive
branch to the South in good faith. He
leaves it for the Southern people to de
termine what the future shall bring for
them. BUELL.
IUS AM. OUTS.
irant's Last Cabinet Cunc'l and a Visit
from IHayrs.
The Incoming Excecuive Ihieking Hands
All Around.
[Special to Cincinnati Commercial ]
WASHINGTON, March 2.-The last
official meeting of President (irant and
his Cabinet advisers was held to-day.
The session convened at noon and
lasted until half-past 3 o'clock, and was
mainly devoted to the transaction of
routine business, and some general con
versation over the satisfactory termina
tion of the electoral count. During the
conversation some favorable comment
was passed on the appearance and man
ner of the President elect, all the mem
bers of the Cabinet having been pre
sented to him but a short time previ
ous. The session of the Cabinet
was finally closed by a few hap
py remarks from the President and
Cabinet officers. The President
said in substance: "This is the last
official meeting of the Cabinet, and I
desire to express my grateful thanks
for the faithful and efficient manner
with which you have discharged the
duties pertaining to yrour respective de
partments, and for the able assistance
which you haie readered amy adamiia
tration, both by advice and cordial co
operation. I hope that the friendly re
lations between us may ever continue,
and I wish you all the greatest happi
ness and prosperity in the future."
* * * * *
President elect of the United States
Rutherford B. Hayes arrived here at
9:50 this morning. Notwithstanding
the pouring rain, a large concourse of
people had gathered in and around the
depot, in anticipation of the distin
guished arrival. A force of fifty metro
politans, under Mlaor Richards. Chief
of Police, and a number of detectives,
were stationed in various parts of the
building, as a means of sacurity against
the execution of any of the threats
which have been indulged in within the
Fast few days. At 9 o'clock Senator
Sherman, Gen. Sherman and ex-Gover
nor Dennison madel their appearance.
As the train entered the depot, Presi
dent elect Hayes stood at the forward
end of the special car, which had been
placed at his disposal by President
Scott. As the train halted the Presi
dent elect hastily stepped down
upon the platform in the depot, where
he was heartily welcomed by Senator
and General Sherman and ex-Governor
DeUnison. After the interchange of
civilities, Governor Hayes, leaning
up n the arm of Senator bherman, and
Mrs. Hayes. supported by General
Sherman, followed by the rest of the
party, proceeded to their catrriages in
waitiog. As the President elect passed
through the long lines of persons as
semblied, every token of respect was
shown. After taking their carriages,
the President elect and hi - immediate
family drove to the residence of General
Sherman, where a generous welcome
and tt hearty hosipitality awaited thern
at the hands of Mrs. Senator Sherman.
At 12 o'clock the President elect, Gen.
Sherman, ex-Governor Dennison and
Webb C. Hayes drove to the Executive
Mansion. The Cabinet was about to
assemble, Secretaries Cnandler and
Cameron having already arrived. Some
preliminary conversation had been had
on the pending business. The Secretary
of War had laid before the President
several dispatches which he had re
ceived from Gen. Augur and Mr. Pack
ard, at New Orleans, when the an
nouncement was made to President
Grant that the President elect had en
tered the building. Before the Presi
dent had time to leave his seat at the
Cabinet table the door of the Cabinet
room opened, and the President
elect and those accompanying him
were ushered into the Cabinet
room. P'resident elect Hayes advanced
hastily across the room, and ap
proached theo President with an evident
sense of emotion. President Grant had
scarcely time to rise from llis chair
when tie President elect reached him,
the latter grasping President Grant's
hand in both of his, and, looking stead
Ily in the Presidenlt's eyes, seemed for a
moment too full for expression. Presi
dent Grant, more self-possessed, spoke
up heartily : "Gov. Hayes, I am glad to
welcome you. I congratulate you
upon your election and your safe
arrival in Washington." The Presi
dent elect, recovering, replied, "Thank
you, Mr. President, for your wel
conio and congratulations; my journety
has been a safe and a pleasant one.
The President turning, presented Secre
taries Chandler and Cameron, and at
this momeat Secretary Fish entered and
was presented. Next followed Post
master General Tyner, then Attorney
General Taft, and then Secretary Robe
son, all of whom were in turn present
ed. Owing to illness Secretary Morrill
was absent. Assistant Secretary Conant,
who represented him, was presented to
the President elect by Postmaster Gen
eral Tyner.
The President invited the President
elect to a seat at the Cabinet table, and
was about entering into conversation,
when a dispatch from Louisiana was
handed to him. L-aving Secretary
Fish and Postmaster General Tyner to
entertain the President elect, President
Grant, with Secretary Cameron and
Gen. Sherman, withdrew into a recess
of one of the windows overlooking the
southern portico. Here the Presi
dent read the dispatch, and held a
short consultation in regard to the
action proposed to be taken. Dis
patches from General Augur contained
simply a statement of affairs in New
Orleans. A dispatch from Mr. Packard
made inquiry as to the truth of certain
telegrams sent from Washington to
New Orleans by Louisiana Representa
tives in Congress, announcing the Pres
ident's intention to withdraw the Fede
ral troops from further support of either
of the claimants for the gubernatorial
authority, and requested from the.Presi
dent a statement as to his intentions
in that respect. The President acted
promptly upon these dispatches, and
directed the Secretary of War to
inform Gen. Augur of his determina
tion, which will be seen fully stated
elsewhere in these dispatches. Instruc
tions were handed to Gen. Sherman,
who immediately inclosed them in an
envelope and sent them by a courier-to
Adjutant General Townsend, with di
rections to prepare them in a formal
manner, ard telegraph them at once to
Gen. Augur.
This speoial consultation, out of deli
cacy of the feelings of the President
elect, was held apart from his hearing,
and when the matter had been disppsed
of, the President returned to his seat at
the Cabinet table, and entered into an
earnest conversation with the President
elect, which lasted fully twenty minutes.
The President elect invited President
Grant and his family to be his guests at
the Executive Mansion during the re
mainder of their stay in Washington.
The President thanked the President
elect, and said he had already accepted
the hospitality of Secretary Fish, and
would not wish to change.
The conversation then turned upon
subjects of more immediate importance
to President elect Hayes, particularly
with reference to the political situation,
and the advisability of his taking the
oath of office earlier than the day fixed
for his inauguration, which will be
March 5. The rest of the conversation
was of an entirely private nature.
During this conversation other mem
bers of the party broke up into groups,
and engaged in cheerful talk upon cur
rent topics.
At half-past 12 o'clock the President
elect, after receiving further congratu
lations of Cabinet oeicers, bade the
President farewell and withdrew frond
the Cabinet room. The party, taking
their carriages, left fet the Capitol,
THE INAUUUIRAL.
Hayes' Views and Policy.
How He Proposes to Pacify and
improve the South.
The School, Negro, Civil Serv:ce, Reform
and Currency Questions.
The following is the inaugural address
delivered by President Hayes to-day :
Fellow-Citizens-We have assembled
to repeat the public ceremonial begun
by Washington, observed by all my pre
decessors, and now a time-honored cus
tom, which marks the commencement
of a new term of the presidential office.
Called to the duties of this great trust, I
proceed, in compliance with usage, to
announce some of the leading principles
on the subjects that now chiefly engage
the public attention, by which it is my
desire to be guided in the discharge of
these duties. I shall not undertakeo to
lay down, irrevocably, principles or
measures of administration, but
rather speak of the motives which
should animate us, and to suggest
certain important ends to be at
tained, in accordance with our institu
tions, and essential to the welfare of our
country, at the outset of the discussion
of which preceded the recent prejlden
tial election.
It seems to be fitting that I should
fully make known my sentiments in
regard to several of the important ques
tions which then appeared to demand
the consideration of the country. Fol.
lowing the example and in part adopt.
ing the language of one of my prede
cessors, I wish now, when every motive
for misrepresentation has passed away,
to repeat what was said before the elec
tion, trusting that my countrymen will
candidly weigh and understand it, and
that they will feel assured that the sen
timent declared in accepting the nomi
nation for the Presidency will be the
standard of my conduct in the path be
fore me, charged as I now am with the
grave and difficult task of carrying
thmrn out in the practical admihistra
tion of the Government, so far as de
pends, under the constitution and laws,
on the Chief Executive or tihe nation.
The Pacification of the Country.
The permanent pacification of the
country upon such princil)les and by
such measures its will secure the corm
plete protection of all its citizens in the
free enjoyment of all their constitution
al rights, is now the one subject in our
public affairs which all thoughtful and
patriotic citizens regard as of supreme
importance.
The Southern Policy.
Many of the calamitous effects of the
tremendous revolution which has passed
over the Southern States still remain,
the immeasurable benefits of which will
surely follow, sooner or later. The
hearty and generous acceptance of the
legitimate results of that revolution
have not yet been realized. Difflicult
and embarrassing questions meet us at
the threshhold of this subject.
The people of those States are
still impoverished and the inestimable
blessing of wise, honest and peaceful
local self-government is not fully en
joyed. Whatever difference of opinion
may exist as to the cause of this condi
tion of things, the fact is clear that in
the progress of events, the time has
come when such government is the im
perative necessity required by all the
varied interests, public and private, of
those States. But it must not be for
gotten that only -a local government
which recognizes and maintains invio
late the rights of all, is a true self-gov
ernment.
The Negro Quesrtion.
The sweeping revolution of the entire
labor system of a large portion of our
country and the advance of four mil
lions of people from a condition of ser
vitude to that of citizenship upon an
equal footing with their former masters,
could not occur without presenting
problems of the gravest moment to be
dealt with by the emancipated race by
their former masters and by the central
government-the author of the
act of emancipation. That it was
a wise, a just and providential act,
wrought with good for all concerned, is
now generally conceded throughout
the country. That a moral obligation
rests upon the national government to
employ its constitutional power and in
fluence to establish the rights of the
people it has emancipated, and to pro
tect them in the enjoyment of those
rights when they are infringed or as
sailed, is also generally admitted. The
evils which affect the Southern States
can only be removed or remedied by the
united and harmonious efforts of both
races, actuated by motives of mutual
sympathy and regard, and, while in
duty bound and fully determined to
protect the rights of all, byl every
constitutional means at the disposal
of my administration, I am sincere
ly anxious to use every legiti
mate influence in favor of honest
and efficient local self-government as
the true resource of these States for the
promotion of the contentment and pros
perity of their citizens. In the effort, I
shall make to accomplish this purpose,
I ask the cordial co-operation of all who
cherish an interest in the welfare of the
country, trusting that party ties and
the prejudice of race will be freely sur
rendered in behalf of the great pur
pose to be accomplished.
Material Development of the South.
In the important work of restoring
the South, it is not the political situation
that moves attention ; the material alone
development of that section of country
has been arrested by the social and po
litical revolution through which it has
passed, and now needs and deserves the
considerate care of the National Gov
ernment within the just limits pre
scribed by the constitution and wise
public economy.
Education.
But at the basis of all prosperity for
that, as well as for every other part of
the country, lies the imorovemenit of
the ntellUetaml and mora oondition of
the people. Universal suffrage should
rest upon universal education.. To this
end liberal and permanent provision
should be made for the support of free
schools by the State governments and.
if need be, supplemented by legitimate
aid from the national authority.
The Mouth.
Let me assure my countrymen of the
Southern States that it is my earnest
desire to regard and promote their
truest interests-the interests of the
white and of the colored people, both
-and qual-ly,-a-nd to pfi forth my beat
efforts in behalf of a civil policy which
will forever wash out, on our political
affairs, the color line, and the distino
tion between North and South, to the
end that we may have not rnrrely a
united North Or a united Soutff, but a
united country.
Civil Mervice Reform
I ask the attention of the public to the
paramount necessity of reform in our
civil service, a reform not merely as to
certain abuses and practices of so-called
official patronage, which have come to
have the sanction of usuage in the
several departments of our Government,
but a change in the system of appoint
ments itself; a reform that shall be
thorough, rationail and complete; a re
turn to the principle, and practices of
the founders of the Government; they
never expected nor desired from public
officers any partisan service; they meant
that public officers should owe their
whole service to the Government and to
the people; they meant tat the officer
should bo secure in this tenure as long
as his personal character remained un
tarnished, and the performance of his
duties satisfactory; they held that ap
pointments to office were not to be
made, nor expected, merely as rewards
for partisan services, nor merely on the
nominations of members of Congres,
as being entitled in any respect to the
control of such appointments.
The fact that both the great political
parties of the country, in declaring their
principles prior to the election, gave a
prominent place to the subject of reform
of our civil service, recognizing and
strongly urging its necessity In terms
almost identical of their specific import
with those I have, here employed, must
be accepted as a conclusive argument
in behalf of these measures. It must
be regarded as the expression of the
united voice an'd will of the whole coun
try upon this subject, and both polit
ical parties are virtually pledged to
give it their unreserved support. The
President of the United States, of ne
cessity, owes his election to office to
the suffrage and zealous labors of a po
litical party, the members of which
(herish, with ardor and regard as of
essential importance, the principles of
their party organization; but he should
strive to be always mindful of the fact
that he serves his party best who serves
the country beat.
A Proposed Amendment to the Co.stt
tution.
In furtherance of the reform we seek
-and in other important respects a
change of great importance-I recom
mend an amendment to the constitu
tion prescribing a term of six years for
the presidential office and forbidding a
re-election.
The Depretnion In Business.
With respect to the financial contg
tion of the country, I shall not attehipt
an extended history of the embarrase
ment and prostration which we have
suffered during the past three years.
The depression in all our varied com
mercial and manufacturing interests
throughout the country, which began in
September, 1873, still continues. It is
very gratifying, however, to be able to
say that there are indications all around
us of a coming change to prosperous
times.
The Currency.
Upon the currency question, inti
mately connected as it is with this
topic, I may be permitted to repeat here
the statement made in my letter of
acceptance, that in my judgment the
feeling of uncertainty, inseparable from
an irredeemable paper currency, with
its fluctuations of values, is one of the
greatest obstacles to a return to proe
perous timee. The only safe paper cur
rency is one which rests upon a coin
basis, and is at all times and promptly
convertible into coin. I adhere to the,
views heretofore expressed by me in
favor of congressional legislation in
behalf of an early resumption of specie
payment, and I am satisfied not only
that this is wise, but that the interests
as well as the public sentiment of the
country imperatively demand it.
Our Foreign Relations.
Passing from these remarks upon the
condition of our own country to consider
our relations with other lands, we are
reminded by the international compli
cations abroad, threatening the peace
of Europe, that our traditional rule of
non-interference in the affairs of foreign
nations has proved of great valueln
past times, and ought to be strictly ob
served.
The policy inaugurated by my honor- -
ed predecessor, President Grant, of sub
mitting to arbitration grave questions
in dispute between ourselves and
foreign powers, points to a new and in
comparably the best instrumentality
for the preservation of peace and will,
as I believe, become a beneficent exam
ple of the course to be pursued in simi
lar emergencies by other nations.
If, unhappily, questions of difference
should at any time during the period of
my administration arise between the
United States and any foreign govern
ment, it will certainly be my dispost
tion and my hope to aid in their settle
ment in the same peaceful and honor
able way, thus securing to our country
the great blessing of peace an 1 mutual
good offices with all the nations of the
world.
Fiench Revenge.
[San Francisco Poet's tLoia Letter.]
A man has just buried his wife. Six years ago
he detected her commlttlrg a ino. He never
pardoned her, but condemned her to live wita
nm. and since then he has ever dressed himself
in c.othes of the same material and cut as atho
worn by her param our. In this costume be took
his walks abroad with his wife. Toe unfortunate
woman died of a broken heart, and the huabi.A
tollowed the hearse, clad in a yellow costnst
PaZEATURE L.ss or HasI, which is s eo me18
nowadays, may be entirel preven:d by a
of Burnett's oells ' ..W
ad isa blds ierast sIali5iUr5

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