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The New Orleans daily Democrat. [volume] (New Orleans, La.) 1877-1880, March 21, 1877, Image 1

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OPI OIA OL JOURNAL O THE STATE OP LOUISIANA.
VOL. II-NO. 91. NEW ORLEANS, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 21, 1877. PRICE, FIVE CENTS
BY TELEGRAPH.
STHIE CABINET MEE;TIN(G.
N 4h.e Loutsiana Question )lncussed.l
Lshe Cabinet, when Polled, Shows Three
ladiesit and Three Conservative
Itrpubbllcas and Meventi.
iaes' Mouthe n I'olley Indorsed ss a
Sentiment, but Postponed as
a rasetleaiity.
A toring Commisuion to Visit the South
Again inggested.
A Liitte More BIckbono ?;odd d by the
I'rI'l dent.
[special to N. O. Uvmooralt. ]
'WAsaFIOTON, March 20, 11 ::0 p. inm.
K_ At the Cabinet session to-thy it
was developed that IHavoe is sur
rounded by three different sets
-of influences - the oil lhdical,
bloody-shirt influence, repreented in
the Cabinet by John Sherman, McCra
St and Thompson; the Conservative
Influenoe, represented by 8ohurz, Key
and Evarts; and the good-natured,
compromise influence, represented by
Attorney General Devens, and em
,bodied in himself.
On the question of Hayes' new South
Sen policy, as a glittering generality,
t . Cabinet was unanimously in its
fiaor; but when the question turned
I0a some practical step toward carrying
M out, the above indicated division of
S pISnion occurred. The results of to
Sday's session may be summed up in
these words: Hayes' new Southern
polloy was indorsed as a sentiment, but
t. porarily, at least, postponed as a
g'otlleoality.
There was no time during to-day's
. esion when one word of decision from
Hayes himself would not have settled
:ery difficulty. He could have spoken
f'teasily enough; he ought to have
learned by this time that he has noth
:'lag to fear from the old Radical
:loment, so long as he has offices
. give, but he certainly yielded
soewliat to-day; he seems to be
rdm. d of Blaine, who is known to be
idvising Packard's present warlike
dem onstration, and who threatens that
It Hayes gives Packard up to the fury
4o the "rebels," as he calls the people
of Louisiana, he will lecture through
every town in the North on the subject
of "Our Later Andrew Johnson."
: On the other hand, Schurz, Evarts,
, ltanley Matthews and Charles Foster
arl:e unoompromising in the conserva
.` I e direction. Sohurz and Evarts
igelded to-day, but have no intention of
ahiang a back track. It may be stated
: ºthoritatively that neither of them
- tlU oonsent to remain in the Cabinet if
rllyes does not fulfill to the letter the
plegies to the South made by him in
his inaugural.
It must not be inferred that the Radi
: 1. in the Cabinet- Sherman, MoOrary
r' a Thompson--are as bitter and ex
' elsnle as Blaine. None of them ask or
ho.pe for the recognition of Packard;
they simply ask that troops be not re
a. 'ed just yet, and advocate sending a
.oemmission, to consist of one Radical,
one Conservative Itepu~)lan and one
2.emoorat, South immc ately, to ex
e~ ae into the situation of Louisiana
l South Carolina. The main object
- i these Radicals is to gain time, as
they hope for a reaction in the North
ant Hayes' Southern policy. They
, also, to force ohurz, Evarts and
iKey out of the Cabinet, and
t. ihaly to get entire possession of
,Syes, after breaking up his present
t;jin gruous arrangement.
r 6this end the Democratic influences
4 .i ,New York, Ohio and Pennsylvania
a6 contributing to no small extent-
S. t-4. in Demooratio candidates for the
81gtak-ershlp,believlng that the only way
to prevent the break up of the Demo
eiU*tl& House caucus is by defeating
S, e' Southern pollicy and thus
alstogether alienating the Southern
teIaocrate from him.
SOu.rz and Evarts intend to force
things to a speedy issue; they may con
pat to a commission to consist of
'W'lber, Foster and one Democrat
gZSln. South and reporting, but they will
not 0onsent to anything that looks like
£a recognitIon of Packard or an active
Ssupport of his pretensions.
The fact is thatStanley Matthewsand
P"Loster have been supplying IHayes with
beekaatone, but they are both absent,
amid it may be necessary for both to re
,ar.I to help Hayes rocover his grip.
]UELI.
THEE CABINET MEnTIraN.
asl. ass and south C.aronllna atters
Diacussed.
AgRIOTON, March 20.--Interet at
okes to the Cabinet sessions to-day,
It is certain that the prooeedings
only be preliminary.
sdent has received novisitors
H will have no time during
Sto devote to ceais.'
'*e ., Q
and Louisiana are under oonsideration.
There are a vast number of papers
bearing upon these oases that are being
examined by the Cabinet, Very little
discussion is involved in the considera
tlon,,as there is harmony of views be
tween the President and the Cabinet in
the matters before them.
It does not seem probable, judging
from what is already known, that these
cases will be disposed of separately.
but it is believed that upon the subject
of withdrawing troops from their pres
ent position in New Orleans and
Columbia, the same directions will be
given.
There is intense interest manifested
to know the results of the considera
tions now occupying the attention of the
Cabinet, but up to this hour the indica
tions are not favorable for a final deter
mination to-day.
The President explained his Southern
polley, which he said looked to local
self.government and then asked the
sense of the Cabinet. A resolution in
dorsing the policy, as stated, was unani
mously adopted. The question of an
extra session of Congress was then con
sidered, but no conclusion arrived at.
An extraordinary session of the Cabi
net will be called to-night or to-morrow
to consider the details of carrying out
the Prealdent's policy.
[From Our Evening Elidtltn of Yeosekrdcy..
TIlE CABINET IN SESSIH(N.
Blaine and Packard WYell Under
stood at the White house.
They Will lBe Treated Accordingly.
[tpeeial to N. O. Demoorlt.]
WASeINaTON, March 20, 2 p. m. The
Cabinet is now in session on the South
ern question, the discussion covering a
wide range and likely to consume the
whole afternoon. I will give you the
earliest possible advices as to the result.
It is certain that Packard's movement
has not helped his case any. The worst
that can possibly result is a few days
delay in removing the troops; but I still
believe that the Cabinet will adhere to
the original determination to remove
them to-morrow.
Blaine's taceties are thoroughly under
stood at the White House, and it is well
known in the Cabinet that Packard's
movement is at 1laine's advice and made
for the purpose of thwarting or embar
rassing the Presedent'sSouthern policy.
BUELL.
[Prom Our Evening Edition of Yegterday.]
THE CRISIS APPROACHING.
But One Question Undecided in the
Louisianla Case.
Sehurz Advocating the Withdrawal
of Troops.
[Ppeolal to the N. O. Demoorat.]
WASHINiTON, March 20, 3 p. m.-The
Cabinet is in session again, after
a brief recess. I am informed the
proceedings are entirely harmoni
ous and the sentiment unanimous
ly in favor of non-intervention.
The South Carolina case will be
settled without further delay. The
Louisiana case presents but one ques
tion still undecided, and that is the
question whether the troops shall re
main a few days longer and Packard's
attempted riot be suppressed before they
are withdrawn, or whether they shall be
ordered to the barracks below the city
to-morrow, leaving Packard and nis
mob at the mercy of Nicholls and the
outraged people of New Orleans.
The President hesitates about taking
the latter course, solely on account of
his apprehension that blood might
be shed and in the hope that
by maintaining the status quo a
few days longer, bloodshed may be
avoided entirely; but Schurz is strenu
ous in favor of absolute non-interven
tion and of leaving Packard free to
carry out his own declarations of ability
to maintain himself. Schurz does not
think there will be bloodshed if the
troops are withdrawn, because, as soon
as the negroes see the troops going
away, they will immediately desert
Packard, leaving nobody for the follow
ers of Nicholls to attack, even if they
were so disposed. Sohurz is as usual
somewhat in advance of his colleagues,
but the rest of the Cabinet is more like
ly in this instance to come to him tlan
he is to go back to them. When Schurz
gets on the right track he can go faster
and do more good than any man in the
United States, and he is certainly on the
right track now. IBUEILr,.
A Deadlock In the cousummation of the
Jnno-erviau Treaty.
LONDON, March 20.-Russia will not
demobilize her army until three events
have happened:
1. Signature of the Protocol,
2. The conclusion of peace between
Turkey and Montenegro.
3. A preliminary demobilization of the
Sultan a forces.
There is a dead lock in the consumma
tion of the treaty between Turkey and
Servia on the matter of etiquette, and
Montenegro is stubborn on the cession
of Nloissl.
The Vienna dispatch to the 1Times
says: "Simultaneously with the good
news from the West comes whing but
Oa5.
Ii
Ilfrom Our Evening Edition of Yeetsrday.]
PACKAIRD'S 101B.
Its Sudden Warlike Fury Inspired
by Machiavelli Blaine
But the President Treats the Far
deal Demonstration with
Contempt.
If Packard Sallies Out the Troops
Will Act Against Him.
f[peolai to N. O. Domoorat.]
WA5ImINOTOx, March 20.--It is knowvn
hero that Packard is acting under the
advice of Blaine. It having become
known that the Cabinet would
give final consideration to the Southern
question at the regular meeting to-day
and that the troops w0ould be ordered to
the barracks to-morrow, Packard was
instructed by Blaine to get up a riot to
day. Then, as soon as the fighting
begins, Blaino is to bounce into
the White House in a highly
excited condition, and in the
most tragic manner is to demand to be
heard by the President and Cabinet in
behalf of the loyal masses of the North
and of the poor downtrodden negroes
of the South ; but the news of Packard's
demonstration is
lReelved with Contempt
by the President and Cabinet.
Hayes is said to have remarked when
the news was announced to him: "Mr.
Packard must have a very pbor opinion
of eur perceptions and a still worse
estimate of our firmness, if he thinks
the situationi can be changed by such
demonstrations."
About ten minutes ago I met a mem
ber of the Cabinet on his way to the
White House, and asked him what
would be done in view of
Pekatrdrs Demoemtratl"ens
He replied that he did not know, but
as for him he was ready to advocate an
order for the dispersion of Packard's
mob by the troops, but he said this
would not be done unless Packard's mob
began a riot, in which event the troops
would be ordered to deal with them as
Rtouahly u Might be Reqil ed
to preserve the status quo. I suggested
that the easiest way to disperse Pack
ard's mob would be to order the troops
to march at once to the barracks at
Chalmette, and leave Packard and his
mob to be taken care of by
Nlcholls and "The Iloys."
He said this suggestion would hardly
meet the views of the Cabinet. He
thought Packard would first be admon
ished to keep the peace, then if he per
sisted in disturbing the status quo the
Administration might stand out of the
way and let Nicholls demonstrate who
was actually Governor of the State.
BUELL.
IFrom Our Evening Edition of Yesterday.i
POOR PACKARD.
He Cannot Even Go Out to Die on
the Streets.
The Troops Won't Let Him.
[Epecial to N. O. Democrat.]
WASUINoToN, March 20.-I have just
been definitely informed on the highest
authority that any armed demonstra
tion on the part of Packard's mob will
be regarded by the President and Cabi
net as a violation of the status quo, and
treated as such the same as if Gov.
Nicholls should attack Packard.
Augur will be ordered, it he has not
already been, to act in accordance with
this view of the case if circumstances
should render it necessary. BUELL.
PRESS OPINIONO.
Packard Is Advised to Lead the FIght
Himself and not get the Poor Negroes
Killed.
WASHIoNTON, March 20.-The Nation
al Republican t'his morning says edito
rially: "We shall exceedingly regret
to learn that claimaut Packard contem
plates such a step. It will not help his
cause; it can but terminate disastrously
to him and his followers. lis oppe
nents are thoroughly organized, armed
and disciplined. But if Mr. Packard is
really in earnest and means fight, let
him not send poor, unarmed and igno
rant negroes to the front; let him spare
innocent blood; let instigators of war
supply corpses. Gov. Nicholls will be
advised to stand firm and make no con
cessions."
The Baltimore American says: Mr.
Hayes yesterday announced to several
parties that called upon him on the
subject, that the administration would
take up the rival Southern claims at
the Cabinet meeting, but if the opposing
parties in New Orleans are as hot for a
fight as they are represented, the ful
fillment of his generous and amicable
intentions may be delayed. At all
events there can be no withdrawal of
troops as long as ferocious threats fill
the atmosphere and attempts are made
to drive the President to haste.
PACKARD'S WARLIKE PREPARA
TION8.
j iUass oir the Lrestdeat ant Rio Priends
at Paekawra sraggaPdee.
S.NW ti
worse one of the firmness of the ad
ministration, it he contemplates any
thing of the kind.
The President's friends assert that the
reported movement of Packard In arm
ing the militia is a breach of the status
quo.
A New Orleans dispatch says: "Up
ward of three hundred negroes were en
rolled in the Packard militia yester
day, making the total force of men at
the State-House about 500."
new Mlalsters.
WASHINOTOXx, March 20. - Senator
Christiancy may go to Mexico, and Fos
ter, now in Mexico, was transferred to
Spain.
Senator Lamar Better.
Mr. Lamar is much better; he is able
to sit up.
Tire Action of the Oleo Demnocrati Will
T'ake in the CMatter ofr enato+.
CoLUMBUS, March 20. - The Demo
cratic members of the Assembly met to
night In caucus, and after a three hours'
session adopted a resolution agreeing
not to nominate a candidate for United
States Senator, but to vote blank, in
open session. This defeats any possible
combination against the policy of the
President.
A UJt ,tý iiot.k.
L'ackaird in Ills New IlRou ofI a Great
lium orist.
[8pocial Corr Hpondeuoo N. O. I)cmocrat.]
WASHINGTON, March 17, 1877.
There was something startling in the a
Associated Press dispatches the other r
morning. It was a proclamation from 3
Packard, threatening that if the PresSl 3
dent did not soon act in adjustment of a
the troubles in Louisiana he, Packard, e
Stephen B., would be copnpelled to re
sort to arms. This has a tendency to 3
clear up a mystery. People have all e
along supposed that Packard did really, a
and in point of fact, cherish hellish I
designs upon the State of Louisiana, I
But this proclamation affords us a view I
of the genial side of his nature. Pack-.
ard is a sly joker. He has simply been t
palming off a huge praotieal joke upon
the country in his pretensions to the -
Governorship of Louisiana. "He will
resort to arms pretty soon I"
He will presently march out of the St.
Louis Hotel, with drums beating and
colors flying, at the head of his colored
body-guard, and proceed to disperse the
people of Louisiana I
He will take Frank Nicholls firmly by
his delicate ear and waltz him out of
town. That is to say, the jackal will
take the lion by the nape of the neck
and, after shaking the king of the forest
vigorously, will fling him to one side
and proceed to feast himself upon the
bodies or the slain. After this exploit
of Packard, the memory of the late
Captain John Falstaff will sink into in
significance. We shall hear no more of
the belligerency of Colonel Robert
Aores. John Phowirx, firmly fixing
his nose between his antagonist's teeth,
and in that position pinning him ruth
lessly to the earth, will be forgotten.
Mr. Iayes should now think twice be
fore he withdraws the troops. The
people of Louisiana need protection.
Packard has as many as 150 heroes-all
colored-at his back, besides Piltkin.
it would be positively dreadful to leave
the defenceless white population of
Louisiana at the mercy of this resist
less horde.
As soon as that proclamation ap
peared, I consulted with Gov. Penn and
the Hon. Wm. M. Levy. Penn is under
ordinary circumstances a man bf un
daunted courage and inflexible resolu
tion, but on this occasion he betrayed
intense alarm. Col. Levy is also a man
of indomitable pluck, but this fierce
threat of Packard totally demoralized
him. The Colonel felt that he would be '
placed in circumstances of peculiar
peril, because he is afflicted with the
gout, which impairs his speed, and con
sequently he would become one of the
first victims. Penn and Ellis and Gib
son and Eustis anrd Nicholls and Burke,
and all the other hapless white leaders
in Louisiana, would have some show to
escape, because they enjoy full use of
their lower limbs, But Levy would fall
an easy victim.
Charles Foster, Sohurz, Stanley Mat
thews, Warmoth and other RItepublicans
who are friendly to the people of Lou
isiana, are also alarmed. They have
been laboring to secure peace, and have
actually obtained guarantees from
Nicholls that no attack would be made
upon Packard. It never occurred to
them that Packard was really the
source of danger and that he was the
man from whom guarantees of peace
should have been sought. But it is too
late now! The troops are to be with
drawn. That is settled, and by the
middle of next week the defenseless
people of Louisiana will be left wholly
at the mercy of the ferocious Packatrd
and his "government," which consists
of about 150 colored men--besides Pit
kin. A. C. BUEL',.
BCAD FOI. BSEN Bv.fL.5.
Ieappointment of Mr. Sperry to the Post
office i.rpartment.
[(pecial to N. Y. Lherald.]
HAITFronR, Conn., IMarch 16.--Advices
from Washington .tlport the reappolt
ment of Mr. Henry T. Sperry, editor of
the Hartford Evc:itin, l Pont, Governor
Jewell's paper, as special agent of the
Postoftlce Department, in charge of the
stamped envolope works in this city.
Mr. Sperry was removed soon after
Gov. Jewell left the Cabinet last sum
mer, and was replaced by iMr. J. B.
Kinsman, of Lowell, a relative of Mr.
Benjamin F. Butler.
--- --. 4e-- ...
Is Tyner rewarded for his loyalty to
the cause of Hayes?--Pittsburg Dis
patch. At last accounts he was. Now
ask us some more civil (service) ques
tions.-lCourier-Journal.
-- T=.t- -
Piper-Heidsieck and only Piper-Heideieck.
Buonfm's FLAvoRnxo ExTrAres-Are ulsd
and endorsed by the best hotels, comfectioners,
grocers and the first families in the country.
Bumrzir's 1aLvoElt Erawrs.-27The supers
erit of Uwees ztraots conses in their psfec
'trriorra.~r~B~b~lhf
NEWS BY MAIL.
PAtKARD's MOEt.
Whatever it May Do will be Injuious to I
Him,
(Speolaf to Claoinnati Comm erolal.
WAsmnrIOTo, March 17.-The Louisi
ana people are deserting Washington,
having become satisfied that the Fresi
dent will withdraw the troops from the
support of the Packard government
during the next week. When that is
done the supremacy of the Nicholls -
government will be manifest and so.
knowledged within a very short time, I
and that without riots or bloodshed,
unless, indeed, Packard's adherents de- i
liberately bring on hostilities by unne- +
cessary resort to violence in the trans-.
actions of the ordinary public business, I
This may be attempted with a view to I
secure the presence of the troops once I
more. Such an attempt would, how- 1
ever, fail of its object. Packard has not
the strength to maintain a fight for any
length of time, and Nicholls has force I
sufficient to quell any disorder of the +
kind at its inception.
Tihe Presldent's Commission to go to <
Louisiana will doubtless be appointed J
next week. Mr. F('ster, of Ohio, seems J
definitely fixed upon as one of the mem- 1
bers.
'|ilt GUN.
Danterret Atvlway Even Wltholt Leek, o
9t|ockl or Ilarrel.
[(pcial to Cincil a s Comm'nrclal.]
ALLIANCE, O., March 17.-Charley Car
ter. aged nine years, son of II. W. Garter,
conductor on the Pittsburg, Fort Wayne
and Chicago Railroad, was accidentally 1
and instantly killed last evening, by his +
younger brother. It seems that the
younger brother had obtained some
ammunition unknown to the parents,
and had loaded the gun. His mother
bid Charley to put the gun away, The
younger brother followed him into the
adjoining room picked the gun up
again, and pointing it at Charley in play,
pulled the trigger, the load entering the
stomach. There was no cap on the
gun, but it is supposed that there was
some of the fuse out of a cap sticking to
the tube, causing the gun to go off.
SAN I3AN1CIC.1
Continued Ixettemeat Over the Recent
Clainese Mrders.
(Western Assocsted Press.]
8AN FEAIIscO. March 17.--A Chico
dispatch says great excitement is pre
vailing there from the fact that a num- 1
ber of citizens this morning received
threatening letters through the post- 1
office reading: "Get rid of your Chi
nese help within fifteen days, or suffer
the consequence." An officer received
a notice of warning, if he attempted to 1
discover who killed the Chinamen, he i
would be himself killed. Talk is com
mon on the street of forming a Vigi
lance Committee. The rewards offered
thus far aggregate $3500, including $1500
from the State. Two young men were
arrested on suspicion last night., Cir
cumstances point strongly to one of
them. The matter is creating a general
sensation, and the press of the city are
pronounced in demanding the discovery
and punishment of the criminals.
A CONSCIENCELESS SWINDLER.
Usnlg the Malls to Defraud Relatives of
tihe Ashtabula Vltlms.
(N. Y. World.]
BUYFALO, N. Y., March 16.--Thomas
W. Thompson, of Westfield, was to-day
held for trial before the United States
Court, charged with using the mails to
fraudulently obtain money from rela
tives of victims of the late Ashtabula
disaster. His modus operandi was to
write to relatives of deceased friends,
stating that he had in his possession
certain articles belonging to the de
ceaped, and upon receipt of stipulated
sums would forward the articles named,
signing his name as Victor Bennett.
The prisoner offered no defense and
leaded uiltv to the charge.
HAIIEdIANA.
An Arkansas Man and Irother Inter
views the President.
(tpecigl to th, St. Louis iepublioan,]
WASIuIsTON,, March 17.-Judge M. W.
Gibbs (colored), of Arkansas, elector at
large on the Republican ticket, had an
interview with the President this after
noon. In the course of the conversa
tion Judge Gibbs remarked that the
nomination of Mr. Key as Postmaster
General had excited some alarm among
the colored people but it was offset by
the nomination of Mr. Douglass, and
he assured the President that the col
ored people intend to support him in
his measures of reconciliation. Judge
Gibbs says the President remarked In
reply that he was sincere in his policy,
and would adhore to it unless it should
prove impracticable. For eight years
the policy of forcý and muskets had
been tried in theo Houth, but had failed,
and public sentiment now demanded a
change.
MORE INVIETINATION WV&NTED.
The Assistant Secretary of tLe Treasury
said to be on the IRadged EtLge.
IN. Y. Sun.]
WA5HINUTON, March 16.-Tho new Ad
ministration is likely to have its full
share of investigation before long.
There is a rumor this evening that As
sistant Secretary of the Treasury Conant
is dangerously mixed up in the frauds
recently discovered in the payment of
back registered bond interest on forged
letters of attorney, and by the purchase
of claims outright. At the time one or
two arrests were made and the busi
ness was broken up. It looked
extremely difficult for such a
thing to be going on without Conant's
knowledge, and Sherman is reported to
have information that will make an in
vestigation necessary. Charges against
Indian Commissioner John O. Smith
have been laid before Carl Schurz by
James Taylor, agent for the Cherokee
band in North Carolina. Carl Schurz
declared himself unable to attend to
them at present, and deferred their
consideration until the affairs of the
department are more settled. The
specifications relate to the purchase of
supplies and to the management and
disbursement of the funds belonging
to the Cherokee Indians, the gen
eral charges being corruption and
incompetency. Smith has so
far borne a gobd reputation, and la
bored to reform the bureau. W. M.
Orsevenor is to be the chief clerk of the
deprtent, but he hsrsgen oat that
tiii jjiY~acPIy, exist~
Louis people as te highest evideneo :
the Administratf{n to inaugurate re l
Oivil Service Reform, for Grosvenor has
an enviable reputation among his old
acqualntanoes for high notions in re
gard to all pecuniary transaetions.
__-------sew. --
IN ýL&ACI AND WHITE.
Remtarks on the Saout Irn Polley of Pres.
Ident Hayes,.
I (tional Republican.]
The country will recognize in the iln
augural message of President Hayes
the clear, calm and consistent utter
ances of one accustomed to deal with
questions of State and capable of theirt
mastery. There is no attempt at rhet
orical display and no daintiness in pro.
ceeding to the subject in hand, but a ,:
plain, outspoken statement of our needs
and ntcesslttes, and of an earnest de
termination to adopt the proper meas
urea of rlilef.
The policy indlicated for the adjust-.
meant of the difficulties in the disputed
0outhern States is true to the promises
of his letter of acceptance, ant will be
a grateful announcmI n ent to the troubled
communities which have waited long
for the emancipation, it asnsure, them
from the despuotsm of erotic rule. With
intention to be ipcithlally understood
on this hleadi, thy, l'r.eident has not.
spoken In tho ordinary language soi'
often u sodt itn tale papy~rs, whiuh may
mean somenl.iilng rr nothing as subtse
fluent events shouldl dictate, but in tn.
ambiguous terms and emphasie. Thustý-:
"And, while in duty bound, and fully
determined to protect the rights of all
by every constitutlonal means at the
disposal of my Administration, I am
sincerely anxious to use every legiti
mate influence in favor of honest and
ef.icent self-government, as the true re
source of these States for the promotion
of the contentment and prosperity of
their citizens,"
It will be observed that the President
was Varticular to italicize the prefli
"self, in its qualification of gover
ment so that it should convey peoalt :a
slgnicanoe ; and its obvious meaning
is that he desires to see in the So th
local governrpente of southern crea~ton
and support, and not local governments
erected and maintained by strangerso "
the solt. The emphasis applied gives
the word a doable force. The gov erlý
meats to be approved are not to be
merely local self-governments in they
oommon acoept.tlin of the languageas
being restrted to certain limit, buttAT
are to be more than that; governments
those States sustained by the houtlters
people for themselves, and not by outside
domination. And that his meaning ma
not be mistaken, he qualifies his -;
tion still further by declaring that they
are to be encouraged for the promotiofn
of the contentment and prosperity of the
citizens of those States. Hence it i
clear as the purpose is pure and patI
otlo, that he will use his just powers in
relievtng those Btates from the infleudces
whloh now distgact them, by discourabgi -
further attempt to administer their 00
ernments by Bltate o.jcer who, whiltelf
have been egally elected under exsatl
laws, do not, in reality, represent the ;.
pie, and can only succeed zn perpetuar
strife. How this will be etfcted is nlo
intimated, but that it will be doýne I
frankly stated. The principle
which the action will proee 4
nothing in the world to do with the
question of the legitimacy of the s ;
thority to be withdrawn, or prevaIlýt
pnon to retire. No matter how dol y
elected it is still unwarranted, beca-se
it is not based upon the consent of the
substance and property of the Sgtate
but upon irresponsible sauffrage agn
the interests et these, and in op
tlon to the peace and welfare o
Statep and of the United States.
comprehensive proposition is that,
though persons from the North can
into the South in such numbers as
combining with the colored people.
against the original inhabitants, tb
may carry the election and control
local governments, still, it is wrong .
principle and dangerous in practice, u
in no case to be countenanced or oe
couraged by the General Governm i
but, on the contrary, to be condemn4
and left to succeed or fail as the eople
the rSates affected shall ultimate y
The right of emigration is n
denied by the postulate, nor the
of the blacks to vote against their
masters, if led thereto by inteli
action. But it is denied that any 0
of adventu+rers, seeking that ese
abroad they are refused at home, ý
invade a btate for the sole pur
taking adz'vaniaye of its prostrate
tion and ignorant citizens, and us
both for its own advancement,
their detriment.
The other subjects touohed ug :i
Ine orner euujeuw wuuou W uu
the message, although ordina
portant, do not require present
eration. There is a natural
to the manner in which the con a. s
decided, the conclusion being !
mony with the views of the wh r
pl', if we alone except the fet
ecntatives who outraged their i
uencies and violated law by
against the decision of the Comm l
It is to be hoped that the memr
the unhappy events of the past
months will soon pass out of tii
never to be brought back for evil a
poses, and it is almost certain to be
case, when the enlarged statesman
we predict is to characterize the ad
istration has had time to yield it .
propriate fruits.
We confess to deep interest in the re.
suit of the steps to be taken toward a;
pacification of the country; for in our
judgment they are to give the chief dis
tinction the Aaministration willachieve;
and as we have taken a leading part I
the discussion of the policy and pr~ois
pects in advance we are gratified tha.
our views have been sustained by tbe
message. We took our stand the
questions involved, on prin pJ1 and
although opposed and o, .l
many of our political a tet , w i
have now the satiafaction of
And this leads us to add
lieving the true interests of
lie in devotion to principi the
party; it is our intention A r
to be governed in all cases aids
ations of right and jus Whitie
abating nothing in our fidelity to paet
we shall advocate its ca
efoficiently when weld so by
that it shal dhrt tbadbe OO ý
will bestmu - R
hamtr

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