OCR Interpretation


The New Orleans daily Democrat. [volume] (New Orleans, La.) 1877-1880, May 04, 1877, Image 1

Image and text provided by Louisiana State University; Baton Rouge, LA

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83026413/1877-05-04/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

THE NEW OILEAINS DAILY DEMOCRAT,
OFFICIAL JOURNAL OF THE STATE OF LOUISIANA.
VOL. II---NO. 135. NEW )RLEANS, FIlll)AY, 11MAY 4, 1877. PRICE, FIVE CENTS.
nnI n nm uu mu unlnunn L- Ulnlu U· n nm In In m u m m l · lun u mmm mI -u n
BY rTEhI'" ,IAPH.
1.OUI IANA OFFICES.
All the Federal Patronage in L.oisiaina
to be Given Away at Once.
The President and ('abinet Anx'oas to
Get Louisiana off Their Ilandu.
[8pecial to N. O. ])emocrat. I
WAsHINGTON, May 3;. The fate of
Louisiana office-seekers will not be de
cided until to-morrow, and, perhaps,
not until next Tuesday. The President
and Cabinet are determined, however,
to get Louisiana off their hands as soon
as possible. They say there can be no
peace until all the Federal offices in
New Orleans are filled; and, conse
.luently, the Louisiana patronage will
be finally disposed of.
The speculations gen-t In the after
noon telegrams need not be modified.
Gov. Pinchback to-day had a long inter
view with the President, at which gen
eral subject of Louisiana appointments
was diseussed; and, though no definite
conclusion was announced, it is safe to
say that speculations in the afternoon
dispatches are as near the bottom as can
be stated at this writing. 1UEL.r.
HAYE IhADB EREID.
Louisiana Ofiee-SHeekers Clamoring for
Federal Pap.
Jack Wharton and Albert Leonard in
High Favor.
Something Promised also to Pinchback
and George Carter.
[Special to N. O. Democrat ]
WARUHINTON. May 3.--The IrJul~iana
raid on the President continues with un
abated violence. Ills Excellency says
that that State gives him more trouble
than all the rest of the Union.
It is pretty well settled to-day that
Jack Wharton will succeed Pltkin, and
that Leonard will be made District At
torney. The Naval office may possibly
be given to George Carter. It is re
ported that Pinchback will be offered
an important West IndiaConsulate.
BIUELT..
WAI NOTEN.
The Battle of Kar--The Turks Defeated
with lHeavy Loss.
LONDON, May 3.-The D)aily News'
Paris correspondent says: A message
from Vienna gives the following ac
count of the battle of Kars :
•The centre of the Rasslan army, forty
thousand strong, under Melikteff, at
tacked Mouhtar, five miles from Kars,
on April 29. The Turks fought des
perately.
The Russians, supported by powerful
artillery, succeeded in dielodging them
from this position. Mouhtar called out
all the reserves, and attempted on the
20th to recover the lost ground with
60,000 men, but was defeated and driven
back under the guns of Kars.
SThe Russians losses were considera
ble, and those of the Turks were enor
mous.
The Turkllh Iort% in AIria urrendering.
The Turkish posts on the frontier of
Asia have surrendered without a blow.
Fort at. Nicholas slloelntrledl tby the
Turks.
The bombardment of Fort Nicholas
has been resumed by the Turkish
fleet.
The Ilostlel Armlesu W'ViIIIII Itlm11ie of
Eanin 01i her.
The Russian advance and Turkish
gunboats are within easy range in )inu
mania, but neither are inclined to opon
fire.
Tihe Russian Losses in tihe Advance.
Great losses in the Russian advance
from fever and fatigue are reported.
No More Cas for Russian Seaports.
The Russians have stopped the manu
facture of gas at their Black Sea ports,
they fearing conflagrations in case of
bombardment.
The Danube to be Closed by Turkey.
The British Foreign Office publishes
a dispatch from Mr. Layard, announc
ing that the Turkish commander on
the Danube has been empowered by
the Porte to close that river to all navi
gation; to detain on requisition neutral
vessels subject to indemnification, or
order them to repair or leave certain
ports, under penalty of total confisca
tion, or adopt any measures regarded
necessary by military exigencies.
Minor Notes.
Eight thousand Russians will be ex
pected at Bucharest to-morrow. The
Turks are; burning villages opposite
Bucharest.
Declaration of a state of war between
Turkey and Roumania is imminent.
The Russian Consul General leaves
Egypt Saturday. The people of Egypt
seem unwilling to support Turkey,
either in men or money.
Metz Will Not Receive the Emperor.
MErz, May 3.-The City Council of
Metz refused to vote money for the re
cention of the Emperor.
The German inhabitants will unite
with the garrison to celebrate the visit.
.--- -
oene in front cf a Fifth avenue mansion-First
swell: "Don't go in Augustus; her father has be
come a bankrupt." "Pon honor, ahawlee, all the
more reason why I should continue #ny suit.
The old gent, like all bankrupts, is sure to come
out a half million richer." Agustas step up and
in.
Buanrrr' Cox1orxz is filled in elegant bottles
superior finish and beauty-in themselves an
eat. It has, in a brief time, attained a
and ostantlyiorasing isoourmina
1 opnioi dof the bestdg, tit it ia qgua
t suiperisr, to the ai fItriaa
\VAI , NOTES.
TH'E TR"HIMll lIRON-CILADI.
One of the 11ronnget andll lent Orrllanized
of Eaurop'nn Fleet---Well Drilled and
'onilpetentl raIlorm and Enerttetle and
'arefel ('omlnlandlers.
(London Daily gews.J
The fleet, lying off Buyukdere, just in
front of the Russian Summer Embassy,
was drawn up in two grand lines. As
we went by and received a salute from
the various vessels, I could not but no
tice that their external appearance was
equal to that of English ships, while in
many respects superior to that of both
French and German men-of-war that I
had chanced at various times to see.
But it was not so much with this that I
had to busy myself as with their effeo
tive power, shown by the condition and
discipline of their crews and the state of
their batteries. These must be the cri
terion; all else was useless. At last we
ran alongside the Feteh Bolond, and
were soon on board, Hero we had a
vessel which forms one of a class of
sloops designed especially for the Turk
ish government. She was not very
large; her crew, all told, would ordina
rily be if in the English service
one hundlred and sixty men. But
her peculiar power consisted in
the facts, first of all, that to an enemy's
battery she would present but a very
small target; secondly, that that target
was very heavily armored; thirdly, that
from her central battery of four seven
inch guns, she could abtain a nearly all
around fire; and, fourthly, that, for a
fight at sea, she was as handy a boat as
was ever launched. Remember that
our visit was unexpected, and that it
was the Mohammedan Sunday. when
the men had ceased from work. De
scending between decks without a mo
ment's delay, we were at once in the
central battery. Not a sound was to be
heard. So far from this evidence of de
fective discipline being forthcoming,
the ship might have been wholly de
serted, so quiet was the place. Not a
rope-wea out of ploce. You might have
eaten your lunch from the dek.s. The
guns were as clean as though English
sailors had spent their lives on their pre
servation. The armorers' stores of
Winchester ritles the cutlasses, the
belts and the pikes were all stacked
and placed as on a British man-of-war.
Had it not been for the fez which a mo
tionless marine, who guarded the cap
tain's cabin, wore, I might have im
agined I was on board her Britannic
Majesty's ship Pallas. But this was a
Turkish war vessel, as we now found
when a bugle sounded, and 200 men
came springing into the battery. Yet
here, again, was food for astonishment.
Their naked feet made the only noise
we heard-not a word was spoken. The
ship was preparing for action; belts
were being buckled on, the magazine
opened, the guns loosed, the men were
at quarters, and yet not a sound save
the word of command. Then came the
order for 'independent firing' at a sup
posed enemy-fortunately for our ears
no powder being used-and instantly
the huge guns were trained and run out,
'fired,' loaded, brought to bear in
this direction and that, till we
were, to all appearances, in the
midst of a general action. It
was then that I received ocular
demonstration that these stories of the
Turkish fleet, which Pera had told me,
were but silly inventions. No crew in
the world could have surpassed these
men of the Feteh Bolend. I have seen
many a European man-of-war in which
the men were not half so smart. When
presently we learned, as we sat in the
captain's superb cabin, that every man
in the ship was-a Mohammedan Turk;
that, so far from being undermanned,
the vessel had twenty or thirty persons
above its complement, and that the
stores were complete and the crew en
thusiastic, I felt that the Fetch Bolend
had, indeed, been sadly libeled. But
our inspection was not to end here. The
Mesondieh lay not far off, and towards
that magnificent specimen of naval
architecture we now made our way. As
we neared her iron-clad sides, protected
as they were with plates ten and twelve
inches in thickness, and saw the muzzles
of her huge guns as they peered from the
ports, we felt certain that, should the
discipline be as good on board of her as
on the Fetch Bolend, she must be one of
the most powerful vessels afloat. A
band was playing a Turkish polka, else
all was still as we entered the Turkish
ship. They had not expected us, and
thus, if any disorder had existed, it
must have been palpable now. Yet
here, as in the smaller vessels, not the
most critical eye could discover a fault.
With a cabin and a ward room fifteen
feet high, with splendid baths and
every other apparatus for comfort, all
scru)ulously clean and perfectly venti
lated, this huge ironclad presented
more the appearance of a floating pal
ace than an engine of war. Wherever
we went the same state of things was
found. Every man in his place, the ut
most order and quiet, all ready for an
action, if need be, at any moment, the
guns in excellent condition, the crew
above its complement and perfect in
discipline."
RUSSIA AND ROUMIANIA.
The Convention Between the Czar and
Roumania - The Roumanian Rall
roads, Telegraphs, Roads, etc., Put at
the Command of the Rn.tIan Army.
[N. Y. Herald.]
Prince Charles is preparing a mani
festo declaring Roumania independent
of Turkey. This step has been expected
almost since the first entry of the Rus
sian troops into the principality. Rou
mania will be erected into a kingdom,
and will be under the protection of Rus
sia.
The Minister of Foreign Affairs has
communicated to the Chamber of Depu
ties a convention with Russia, dated
April 16, 1877, in which the Prince of
Roumania assures to the Russians a
free passage and the treatment due a
friendly army, and the Czar binds him
self to respect the rights of Roumania.
The Minister said the convention was
to secure respect for Roumania's
position as an individual State in
accordance with the treaty of Paris. It
imposed neither a change in Roumania's
international relations nor the duty of
lending the co-operation of her army,
Roumania adhering to the policy of at
tacking no one, but defending her
frontier as far as possible. A similar
convention had not been concluded
with the Porte because it had trans
ferred the seat of war to Roumanian
territory and had also persistently re
fused to recognize Roumaunia or settle
the questions which have been pending
for yeura. According to an additlonal
convention the Russians are allowed to
use Roumanian roads, railways, rivers
and telegraphs. The resources of the
country are placed at their disposal for
the supply of the army. The
Roumanian authorities are to assist
in erecting camps and forward
ing baggage. Russian military trains
and telegraphing are to have
the precedence of ordinary traffic. The
Russians are empowered to complete
unfinished railroads, and the necessary
ground for this purpose is ceded to
them. The Chief of the Russian Mili
tary Traffic Department is empowered,
subject to the approval of the Rouma
nian Minister of Works, to dismiss Rou
manian railway officials. The Russians
are allowed to establish military sta
tions and hospitals anywhere except in
Bucharest. Roumania will, if re
quired, provide material for the
construction of boats, ships and(
bridges. Articles intended for the
Itussian army will be admitted into
Roumania duty free. The Roumanian
authorities will assist in capturing Rus
sian deserters. All the expenses in
curre(d through the )assage of the Rus
ssiins are to be paid in cash within two
months. An explanatory report an
nexod to the convention says Russia is
obliged to intervene in Turkey be
cause Mussulman fanaticism and the
weakness of the Turkish (overnment
allow no hope of reform, and as Russla
desired to respect the inviolability of
Roumanla, the present convention was
concluded.
The Chamber ratified the convention
by a vote of 7:. to 25.
TIlE RIIUlAN AIltT.
The Iulets for Rerrultllng and Orffani zin
the Army.
[N. Y. World.]
By the law of 1874 each Russian citi
zen, upon attaining the twenty-first
year of his age, is obliged to serve his
country as a soldier, if required. The
generalterm of service is fifteen years,
of which six are to be passed in active
service, and nine in the reserve. But
this term may be greatly modified ac
cording to the education each recruit
has received. The stated term of fifteen
years is exacted only of such soldiers as
are entirely illiterate. Instruction at a
village school shortens the time to
eleven years, of which but two must
be spent in active service. Of
young men, educated at a provincial
school or university, but nine and a half
years of service are required, of which
one year and six months must be pass
ed In the active army and the rest in
the reserves. Moreover, a voluntary
enlistment shortens in each case the
time of active service by one-half. All
the soldiers on active service form the
standing army during peace. The re
serves are called in when the army is
placed on a war footing. An imperial
ukase each year designates the number
of men necessary for the completion of
the army, and the War Ministry distrib,
utes them among the different provin
ces, in which special committees, com
posed partly of government officials
and partly of elected members, are ap
pointed for receiving and examining the
recruits.
Of course not all Russians twenty-one
years old actually become soldiers.
Tho first year the new law was put into
force, out of 700,000 young men who
presented themselves for military ser
vice, but 150,000 were actually required
for the army. All those who are not en
listed, together with the men who have
served out their time, constitute the
second part of the Russian armed forces
--the "opotohenio," or militia, to
which all able-bodied men from twenty
to forty necessarily belong. The first
division of the militia, formed by men
from twenty to twenty-four years of
age, may during war be incorporated in
the active army if the latter appears in
sufficient; the second division, includ
ing men from twenty-four to forty years,
is to be called out only when the
country has to be defended against in
vasion.
T:'LthlSl FIttONTIn EK ]OItTItrFu :ý.
A strong Circle that, the tRusnlns, W11ill
Ilave o Ilrenk Throatlh.
[London Telegraph.]
Verna is in an efficient state of do
fense. Shoonma is stronger than over.
Widin, on the northwest frontier, is
mounted with four hundred guns. The
citadel stands in the center of a fortified
walled circuit some six miles in circumn
ference, the approaches to which are
over marshy grounds dyked in, and that
may be overflowed by opening the sluices
so as to drown out an assailing force.
The Russians hope to cannonade this
fort from Kalafat, on the opposite Rou
manian shore of the Danube, but they
will hardly be allowed to do it by the
Turks. They will anticipate the arrival
of the Russians by a preoccupation of
Kalatat. In any event, they could ren
der it untenable by their gunboats and
the fire from the batteries on the island
in the Danube, between the two shores.
Widin taken, it would be necessary next
to carry Nisch, a stragetio point of great
strength, commanding three valley
routes leading in different directions on
the Turkish railway system, debouch
ing at Salonica and Constantinople.
There is a certain prospect of the hard
est kind of fighting at all the northern
frontier strongholds. The Turks will
be troubled by the distracting difficul
ties that may be created by the invasion
of Bosnia by the Austrians, and the
simultaneous rising of the principali
ties. Rely upon it however, that they
they will fight against all odds, and in
the perfect assurance that Allah and the
Prophet are on their side.
THE CAMPAIGN IN ASIA.
The DIlsatlsfaetlon Prevalling In the
Eastern Provinces of Turkey In Asia.
[London Telegraph.]
In Asia the Russians will probably
first attempt to seize the port of Batoun
on the Black Sea, and thence find their
way along the coast to Trebizond, while
the main body of their forces will lay
siege to Kars, on the Persian frontier.
Whatever help the Persians can lend
the Russians they will be happy to ten
der it, for, Mussulmans as they are,
they hate the Turk more than the Mus
covite, spoiler as he has been of over
one-third of the possessions of the
Shah. The Persians are a peculiar Ori
ental people. The Turk is grave, haugh
ty, sombre and reserved; the Persian is
gay, festive, gracious and polite. Two
people could not be more opposite to
one another than they are in moral
qualities and physical characteristics.
They hate each other as Intensely as
any two people ever did one another,
and their hatreds, have been cemented
by international wars that have left
abiding grievances behind them in con
quered territory, spoliiated provinces,
and ruined cities. In the Mesopotamian
region the population is disaffected
more than in other parts of the empire,
because of the special misery of that
province, the famine that desolated it
last year, and the marauding incursions
of the Kurds. When war breaks out
confusion worse confounded will prevail
from Bagdad to Djarbekir.
TIlE TURKIKE1H FORCEM.
Tie Distribution of the Turkish Forces
Throughout the Empire.
The official Russian nrialide says that
a short time ago, after the conclusion
of peace with Servia, the Turks had 19,
000 men, with 30 guns, in Bosnia; 24,000
men, with 21 guns, in Herzegovina; 24,
000 men, with 18 guns, at Novi Baza;
15,000 men, with 30 guns, in Albania;
3000 men, with 6 guns, in Macedonia
13,000 men, with 18 guns in Epirus and
Thessaly; 45,000 men, with 102 guns, on
the Eastern frontier of Servia; 10,000
men, with 48 guns on the Southern fron
tiers of Servia; 4000 men, with 6 guns in
the Dobrudschna, 30,000 men, with 114
guns, at Varna, Rustchuk and
Silistria; 7000 men between 1i
tova, Tirnovo and Borkovatz; 25,
000 men in Southern Bulgaria;
22,000 men, with 18 Kuns, at Constanti
nople; 9000 men, with 24 guns, in the
Archipelago; 57,000 men, with 162 guns,
on the Russo-Trans-Caucasian frontier;
19,000 men, with 6 guns, on the Persian
frontier; 8000 men in Kurdistan; 22,000
men, with 108 guns, in Syria, and 14,000
men, with 36 guns, in Arabia. Total in
Europe, 367 battalions, 83 squadrons, 468
guns, or about 250,000 men. Total in
Asia, 105 battalions, 64 squadrons, 372
guns, or about 120 000. Grand total,
370,000 men. To the above must be
added 3000 Sappers, 20,000 garrison
troops, 45,000 Redifs recently levied,
and a fresh reserve in course of forma
tion. The Russian fttradfld holds that
the Turkish regulars will in no case ex
coed 443,000 ment and that the irregu
lars in excess of this number, though
there are plenty of arms for them, will
have to shift without officers and proper
regimental organization."
A Good (Chanese for Ship Ti'imber.
[N. Y. World.]
WASHINGTON, April 29. --The existing
troubles between Russia and Turkey
and the unsettled condition of other
European powers have already created
a demand upon this country for timber
for ship-building, and the agents of sev
oral foreign powers are here to purchase
it. Two cargoes were recently shipped
fo France, and it is ssid that more has
been purchased for Great Britain. But
little live oak timber is in the market,
the government having nearly all of this
timber stored at the various navy-yards,
amounting in the aggregate to about
1,200,000 cubic feet, though much of it is
decaying for want of suitable places in
which to preserve it.
Torpedoes Everywhere.
[N. Y. Sun.]
The English papers are careful not to
give details, though it is well known
that the Rnssians have protected the
mouth of the Dnieper by a line of tor
pedoes, and that by order of G(en.
Totleben, the eminent Russian engi
neer, ships are being piloted from
Otscha to Nicolajen so as not to come
in contact with the torpedoes. Nicola
jen has been decided upon as the basis
of operations of the Russian Ileet. Very
strong works have been constructed at
Perekoo, and at various points on the
lower Don. The harbor of Odessa is
already full of torpedoes; on the quar
antine quay of this harbor three heavi
ly armed batteries have been placed.
Ancient Enemies.
Russians and Turks, quite inveterate
enemies, have fought together no less
than ten campaigns since the Czar IPeter
started his ambitious plan of securing
a southern outlet to his empire by way
of the Black and Mediterranean Seas.
Fortune varied between the two sides
from 169G to 1853, when the fall of Se
bastopol gave a twenty years' stunning
to the bear. In 1870 the treaty which
closed the last campaign was torn up
and thrown in the waste-basket at St.
Petersburg-and now comes another
tug of war, prospectively with a Turk
ish throwing up of the sponge.
The Nervlan Army.
The Servian militia, cavalry and artil
lery, have been ordered to keep wagons
and horses ready. The brigades of S hu
maida, Drini and Valievo have been
ordered in readiness. A large number
of recruits have arrived.
The tuez Canal.
Complications are expected to arise in
the event of the Russian squadron in
China being ordered to the Medi er
ranean and demanding passage thro :,h
the Suez Canal. All the Central st(e n
ers and ships have left Galatz and Ib.
rail.
No LlichtM on the BoDphorus.
During the night entry into or depar
ture from the Bosphorus and the Dar
denelles is absolutely prohibited'( All
lights will be extinguished except two
in the Dardenelles, and these may also
be put out.
[Communicated.]
The Pacific Railway Tax.
Fdlitor )ernmocrat-I find in acommuni
cation in your paper of Thursday, over
the signature of C. H. Tebault M. D., a
statement to the effect that real estate is
the one single interest to be taxed for the
completion of the New Orleans Pacific
Railway, now being constructed slowly
by the unaidedefforts of public-spirited
men. Dr. Tebault, I should judge, is in
error in making theabove statement, as
the act authorizing the people to vote
on the question has the following dcefi
nition :
Section first of the act requires a vote
of the registered electors residing with
in the city to determine whether a tax
of five mills on the dollar on ALL taxa
ble property shall be levied, etc., or not.
The Doctor has also omitted, I hope in
advertently, to inform the public that,
although it is called a tax, it is really a
subscription to the stock of the railway,
for which shares or parts of shares, at
once marketable, will be given for the
amount of the so-called tax imposed
and collected.
New Orleans. May 4, 1877.
Fearl eospna.
NEWS BY MAIL.
OUR COLL ECTOR.
All the lMetnbers of the Returnlnx Board
to be Appointed to Good Offies.
[New York Tribune.]
The appointment of Judge King as
Collector of the Port of New Orleans
will be satisfactory to the native white
element in Louisiana, to the members
of the Ileturning Board, and to Gov.
Packard. He was renommended by
Gen. Anderson, of the Returning Board.
It Is said that he will appoint the color
ed members of the Returning Board,
Kenner and Casanave, to minor offices
in the Custom-House, and that a num
ber of J. Madison Wells's friends will
also be appointed to minor positions.
THE EUROPEAN SYNDICATE.
A Bad Time for Government Bnnod.
[N. Y. World.]
WASIJINOTON, April 29.-But a tittle
over ten millions of the five-twenties of
the old issue of 1865 remain outstand
ing, and it is expected that they will be
shortly called by the department. The
Syndicate Is not doing very well just
now, owing to the disturbed-con-dttbon,
of affairs abroad and the rumors that
Segretary Sherman intended to put out
the four per cents in lieu of the four
and a half per cent bonds. Some of
the latter have also been sold outside
at a rate lower than their asking price.
THE REDSKINS.
Apache Outrages In Western Texan.
[lUoiuni ati Enquirer.]
ST. Louis, April 30.--By a party of
hunters who have just arrived from
Wichita, Kansas, the reports of the late
Indian troubles in the Pan-Handle of
Texas are corroborated, and go to show
that the Apaches in that section have
been committing all sorts of depreda
tions, murdering and robbing whenever
the opportunity is offered. Four or five
companies of soldiers are now in the
Pan-Handle,and will make ittwarm for
the Reds when they meet.
SILVER MONEY.
Slilver as Legal Tender In Illinois.
IChi.ng.' Trihunn.)
it is a matter of considerable signifi
cance that the Illinois Senate has passed
a bill, almost unanimously, which only
needs the concurrence of the House to
become a law, declaring that all the
United States sliver coins of all denomi
nations shall be legal tender in pay
ment of all debts, public and private.
If this bill become a law, then all debts
contracted after the first of July next
and between citizens of Illinois may be
discharged by the tender of United
States fractional silver coin without
reference to the $5 limitation of the
present United States law. The bill, of
course, cannot affect contracts made
prior to the date when the law shall
go in operation, nor can it be enforced
as against citizens living in other States
where there is no such law, and where
the limitation of the United States law
will apply.
A severe torln.
[Dyersburg (Teon.) Gazette.]
We had one of the hardest storms to
pass over our little village-Palestine
on last fevening ever witnessed. It
came with a whirlwind, blowing the
large Christian church to atoms, with
schoolhouse, grist and saw mill, cotton
gin and blacksmith shop, with many
dwellings. Mr. Youree's house was
blown down, his family blown into the
fire-place, where there was fire. The
chimney fell on them and covered them
up until the neighbors could get them
out. One little girl was badly burned.
None of the ,family were killed. One
negro was killed by a house falling him.
This is the only death heard of.
THE ARMIY.
Proposed Reduction of the Army by
Congreen.
[N. Y. World.]
WASHINGTON, April 29.--A bill is in
course of preparation and will be intro
duced in the House at the extra session
reducing the army to 10,000 men, and
thereby effecting a saving to the gov
ernment of many millions. Now that
the Indian wars are at an end-and it is
the opinion of (Gen. Sherman and CGen.
Sheridan in conference here on the
question that we will have no more of
them-and the troops are to be used no
longer for police duty in the Southern
States, there is no need of a standing
army of the present size, it is claimed
with force by those who favor more re
trenchment. Except on the Texan
frontier the troops promise to remain
idle for some time. The proposed re
duction, however, in a general sense
will prove to be wise. The experiment
made in the Forty-Fourth Congress in
cutting down the appropriations for the
army were successful to the extent of
nearly $6,000,000.
THE END OF THE GRAWRHOPPERM.
The Entire Race Dying Out.
[Chicago Times.]
COUNCIL BLUFFS, Iowa, April 27.
Prof. Cyrus Thomas, a member of the
government commission, who has made
a careful survey of the grasshopper-in
fested districts in the northwest, has ar
rived in this city, and is of opinion that
the grasshopper pest has about run its
course. Instead of spreading over the
entire northwest, as heretofore, they
have a local habitation only, and will
soon perish from the earth entirely. He
has thoroughly examined their breeding
grounds in Minnesota, and finds many
localities where large deposits of eggs
were made, in which no hoppers can be
found. A very favorable feature of the
observations and inquiries made is that
no locusts are heard from in the far
northwest, the region of greatest danger
to this and other States. From this fact
and other causes Prof. Thomas express
ed it as his candid belief that the days
of grasshopper invasions such as have
been witnessed are about ended.
MAJOR SPOTTED TAIL.
A Regiment of Wild Cavalry to Be Re
cruited from the Hosure Sioux.
[Philadelphia Times.]
WASHINGTON, April 26.-Gen. Sherman
and Indian Commissioner Smith held a
conference to-day with Gen. Sheridan,
who was summoned from the West to
consult with them in regard to the re
moval of the Sioux Indians to their new
reservation. Gen. Sheridan preferred
to await the arrival of Gen. Crook at
Chicago, about the last of next week,
before giving his opinion. Commis
sioner Smith suggested that it would
be well to organize the Sioux into
a regiment of irregular cavalry.
to perform police duty among
the Indians on the frontier
These might be put under the command
of Spotted Tall, with the nominal rank
of major and subordinate to an officer
of the regular army. He thinks that if
this half wild cavalry were subjected to
military rule and divided into compa
nies, to be stationed at different agen
cles and commanded by chiefs, they
would do efficient service as police and
scouts, and the government having to
feed them any way, would receive some
return for its expenditures. It would
have a tendency, too, to keep quiet
some of the restless tribes by depriving
them of their chiefs, who would seek
this now service as officers of a minor
grade, with good clothing and plenty of
food. Gen. Sherman hfvors the scheme,
and Gen. Sheridan, while not entirely
approving it, is inclined to give it a trial.
It is questionable, however, whether it
would not amount in the end to educa
ting the Indians to make more effective
war upon the pale faces the next time
the hatchet is dug up.
TIHE CUrTOM-IIOUINE INVEMT'FIIAT1I0.
Full Pubelicity in the lanvrtlxatiso
Wanted by eecretary Sherman.
IN. Y. Tribne.]
WASIINGTON, April 29.-Assistant So
licitor itRbinson, of the New York Cus
tom-House Commission, who arrived in
this city on Saturday, returns to New
York this evening. There seems to
have been some misunderstanding by
the commission in regard to the
desire of the Secretary of the
Treasury touching the secrecy of its
proceedings. It is Secretary Sherman's
wish that during the examination of all
witnesses by the commission no meeting
shall be held in private, and especially
that the representatives of the press
shall be admitted. He believes that by
this publicity alone can the commission
obtain the information which it desires.
The daily publication of the testimony
taken before it will attract the attention
of merchants and others who know of
abuses in-the management of the GCis
tom-House, and who may thus be led to
furnish to the commission such infor
mation as they need. It is the Secre
tary's desire also that all persons hav
ing any knowledge of irregular or dis
honest practices, or who can suggest
improvement in the methods of omn
ducting the business of the Custom
House, shall communicate with the
members of the commission. Assistant
Solicitor Robinson or either of the spe
cial agents engaged in the work of in
vestigation will treat all such communi
cations as strictly confldential.
TIHE REPUlILICANn OF IOWA.
A SPLIT IN THE REPUBLICAN ILANKS OF IOWA,
INTO RADICALS AND CONSERVATIVE..
[Chicago Times. I
DEs MOINES, IOWA, April 26.-It is no0
said the Republican State Convention
will be called to meet on the 27th of
June. This is considered a compromise
between the two wings of the party, as
the said party is rapidly being divided
into wings, and between these wings
there is not now nor will there be any
particular affection, but rather a decided
hatred. President Hayes' Southern
policy will be the nominal cause of this
division, but there are other causes
leading to this result. The supporters
of the administration were and are
in favor of postponing the conven
tion to a late day, while the
other wing of the party-those
who look to Morton, Blaine & Co. for
leadership-want to have the conven
tion held at the earliest posstile day,
and many of them make no conceal
ment of their desire to adopt Radical
resolutions declaring in favor of a con
tinuous waving of the bloody shirt, and
keeping up the old cry about "unre
pentant rebels," etc. There is no doubt
that this wing of the party is in the ma
jority in this State, and being mad and
soured, they will be apt to insist upon
using some plain words in their State
platform.
The more conservative wing, who are
inclined to follow the lead of Haves, are
greatly in fear of this, and hence their
desire for delay. They want to first see
what course will be taken by their Con
gressmen at the extra session, and also
think time will soothe the angry feeling
now so prevalent among their politieal
brethren. The late co: mittee, as be
fore stated, have decided, according to
report to comprise on June 27, by which
time they hope they can hear something
from Congress, and have some guide to
go by.
The Republican newspapers through
out the State have been sailing into
each other for a month or more, and
some are disposed to think this is only
a newspaper fight which will soon die
away. This is a mistake. The newspa
pers not only represent the feelings of
prominent leaders, but also of the rank
and file who are discussing the situa
tion with much feeling and not a little
bitterness. Prominent leaders are open
in their denunciation of the course of the
administration, and they are followed
if not surpassed, by the neighborhood
politician. These fellows in Iowa have
talked Radical for years and found it
to be the popular talk, and they cannot
of a sudden change this habit of years.
Then the office-seekers are convinced
there are to be no sweeping changes of
office-holders, and know their prospects
are gloomy for securing a place. There
fore they have but little fear of injury
to self by pitching into the Administra
tion, but rather hope to gain credit with
the masses by doing so. And thou
sands who are now in office have about
concluded they will not be removed, no
matter how much they may differ with
and condemn the policy of the Admin
istration. This being the case,
there is nothing surprising in the
fact that a majority of Iowa Repub
licans preach and believe in what
they call Radical Republicanism, and
regard Chamberlain, Packard, et al. as
political gentlemen who have been
manufactured into masters of the cause.
Should there be an organized opposition
to Hayes in Congress by the Republi
cans, and he and his Cabinet forced in
self-defense to remove from office those
who are not his supporters, then there
are no doubt many in Iowa who would
drop their opposition and hunt eagerly
for the loaves and fishes; but even this
would have but little effect with the
masses of the party, who cannot unlearn
in a day the doctrines of hate and Rati
colism they have been taught for years.
The leaders must reap what they have
own.

xml | txt