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THE 11EW U LEA I1AIL I IE VIUU AI,
Tilt __W ORLEANS DAILY DEMOCRAT._ OFFIOIAL JOURNAL OF THE sTATE OF LOUISIANA. VOL. I--NO.136. NEW )ORLEANS, SATUI)RAY, MAY 5, 1877. PRIOE, FIVE CENTS. - --- N-- -ll- - - ... .. . /_ .. .... BY TEEGAPH. an -·----" " on -IIE pRENIDENT's REABONS. m wHy He Has Postponed the Call for the be Exitrs .enOls Until October 15. in Lay Dleassion of lls Sanlhern Polic el will Revive Mace Animosities. o. The Souenthern Policy to be Fairly Tested TI Before It Is Disaused. fblanrge ea to he Glien Time to Decide en Their line of Actln. lSpeeiSl to N. O, Demoeort, WMlt.ePtoE, May 4.-The detertlina ean of the President to postpone the ltttle be"lon until October is no new thouahi He has been considering the ktiblityt of such a postponement ever mia1 8Utohern troubles were disposed a of, ai Id his conversations has made ao stt of his reasons therefor. nItly a friend called on him. In the rOUtas of the conversation the sub ject of oolnvening Congress was fully 1 llvaMgU d. Hayes said, in substance, - saI, es a general proposition, extra 468t"1 were to be avoided, if it could be by the utmost stretch of the of the government, and that I n j lort of threatened suspeinsion of nt governmental finetions, tor ilt of legislation, oaa warrant the tentlive in convening CongreMs. g then to political topics, he . dthat there were various po _ttil reasons why the extra seslson in Ssummer should be avoided if poe In view of the approach of the Ohio,0 mpaign, in which financial ques 8ltO would form a leading issue, the "utbet of finance would undoubtedly be i and debated in Congress, W.i91 Mtight tend to disturb the steady , P tKM toward specie payments, and 01160 distract the even tenot of beittAse affairs. He did not say ta so m wn Wordis that he thought it advisa bb to postpone the session until after *theV.oh election, but that was the Im gpd produced by his remark. Iaqu d to the proposed attack by CCo. upon the Southern policy Qthe administration, it would seem bt, thought, that the policy should kate a fair trial. If it was wrong and Unsuooessful, those who intended to an tagoniae it could not lose strength by delaying their attacks, while if it was .tam, and became a success, the delay weeld prevent premature developments Sathe part of its opponents. The President said he tried to look at S*'iquestion in the broadest and most itprehensive light of general public 'Vel He thought the precipitation mi4noltal discussion would unsettle bustneoss of the country, which, un .,i - pullettce of a steady, consistant, .gesotal policy on the part of the gov. 03Sant, was gradually settling down .@i, Atsm and permanent basis of coin alues, He believed that the same gen eal principle applied to the Southern qutaton. It -Ongress were tO meet early in summer and the debate on Southern matters begin, it would have the ten dency to revive; the animosities of races in the South at a critical period in the workings of this Southern policy, mad thus perhaps the policy would be de~tated for want of fair show, and not by reason of its own demer lt(. Visoussion of the Southern ques ten In Congress, he said, would of Itself, be constructively a renewal of the lderal intervention which he had best Wying to discontinue. The general teor of the President's remarks was that IIe wanted a fair opportunity to get his administration under way before Congress met, in order that the mem be, of Congress might come here with ;g- g i'leflned and matured views as to .r ste .they ought in justice to them ·ivee and the country, support or op peiehis measures. BUELL. THE EXTRA SE.SION. The xtra Session Net to be Called Until October 15th. the Almy Able to Get Along Witheut an Appropriation. 4ther Reasons For This Change. [Special to N. O. Democrat.] Wagaij eToN, May 4.-It was decided at a meetlg of the Cabinet to-day that thd extra session of Congress should not be called to meet in June but on gOler 1a. This change from theorigi nal programme was made upon a care jul 4 -ion of the general inter eats q oll a mntry, and also in compli anoe u the almost unanimous desire of the bolaess community as well as members of Congimes themselves, as tr as they could be consulted, that there should be no of Congress thmis um if it M avoided, and upon mature rte eroumsn stancese of the a a8ined that, without any appropria tion of money, the saLycan be clothed and supplied with all Its necesseries, A and that until the 1~th of October only I one regular pay day has to be paseed. k It was also considered that if Congress meets in October it may remain in con tinuous session and finish Its business * before nett summer, so as to avoid the b Inconvenience of the hot season next T year as well as this year. A proclamation calling the extra ses sion for October 15 is to be issued with out delay. Iluotr. THE LOUInIANA OEFICE--EEKERM. t They Hold a Two Ilours' Interview with the President by Appointment. t No Ont.snd-.Ot Conservative to be Ap pointed to any Omite. [Rpeclal to N. O. bemoortat.1 WASeINwerow, May 4.-The Louisiana delegation of ofilce-seekers, headed by Jack Wharton and Albert Leonard, had a protracted interview with President Hayes to-night, by speiotal appointment, to fix up the State. The interview last ed two hours. It is given out that no out-and-out Conservatives will hIe ap- I pointed to Federal offices in Louisiana. iTHE EASTERN WAIL. The Certainty of Great Britail Being S rawn into the Tureo.Russaln Htrugglo. a The Russ'la Army on the Danube a lore Blind to Deceive the Turks. Asia to be the Real Heat of Warlhre. The Russians to Overrun and Occupy Tur key Il Asia. 1 The Danger to the English East Indian f Empire. The Consequent Angle-Russian War. r ________ ISpeolal to the N. 0. Democrat.] b WAIsnioTON, May 4.--Diplomatic au- ci thorities here regard the ultimate In- l volvement of Great Britain in the iRus siaa-Turkish struggle as almost a fore- h gone conclusion. The most astute and d far-sighted of these authorities to-day d pointed out exactly how and when Eng- s land would be drawn in. The theory is that Russia's advance in o Asiatic Turkey will be rapid, ii and that full Turkish authority d in Asia will be practically superseded by Russian military occupation; that op erations on the Danube, in Bulgaria, L will be prosecuted only to divert the c main Turkish army from Asia, and that the Russians have no intention of at- t tacking Constantinople from the Euro- e pean side. As soon as the Russlan forces overrun Asiatic Turkey, England will demand guaranteds of immediate evacuation in case the Porte consents to treat for 1 peace. This will begin a diplomatic centest between Russia and England, which must inevitably lead to an Anglo Russian war. Russia would refuse to evacuate under thi pretense that the Christians in Armenia and Syria must be protected. The Russian occupation of Asiatic Turkey would be regarded by I all classes of the British people as a menace to the integrity of the East Indian Emplro of such alarm Ing proportions as to produce an overwhelming war feeling and compel the Ministry to take decisive measures. Under these circumstances he thought the war would be fought out mainly in Asia, the English govern. ment making all possible use of her East Indian army, which numbers over two hundred thousand trained troops, of whom nearly half are Musselmans. BUELL. Jack's Luck. WASmHINTON, May 3.-It seems cer tain if there is a change in the Marshal. ship of Louisiana Col. Jack Wharton will get the place. Plnehback and the President. Gov. Pinchback visited the President 2 to-day. The conversation was of a gen eral character with regard to the results of his policy so far as developed. Pinch back told the President everything was a going well. There was every confiden in Gov. Nicholls, and the disposition of all was to sustain him in carrying out his promises of equal justice to all classes. That Extra Session. Congress will be called to meet on the 4th of June. WAR NOTES. t AN ALLIANCE BETWEEN RUSSIA AND ROU d MANIA. n LoNoN, May 3.-Prince Charles of R- Roumania is working hard to effect an active alliance with Russia. This idea is opposed at the Russian headquarters. r The generals are unwilling to allow the i- Roumanian forces to be made a sepa e rate corps, under the command of the Prince, or any other general who is not a Russian. It is said there is some dis agreement be Prince Charles and t ti Grand . eholas on this ac Is Boint. It the ty can be overcome d Boumania make common cause with Bussia, biutnot otherwise. EALAFAT GARRISONED BY THE BOUMARlIANS The Roumanians have taken military ' possession of Kalaeit. The garrison d consists of 9000 men and 40 Krupp guns. About fifty shots exohanged between Ibrail and a Turkish gunboat was the only reconnolsanoe on the part of Tur key. A C(ASUS BELLI FOIl ROUMANIA. The Buoharest official journal has seized the oooaelon to suggest that the bombardment of Ibrail is a causus belit. THE ROUMANIAN MILITARY CALLED OUT. The Roumanians are making extraor dinary preparations. The militia has been called out. AUSTRIA'S PACIICO INTENTIONS. Turkey has positive assurances from Count Andrassy of Austria's paoiflo in tentions. ROUMAWIA DBITTAYINI HERRSELF., The Porte has issued a circular de olarlng that Roumania, by her conven tion with Russia is betraying the inter ests of the country and the confidence of the 8ultan's government. PRINICEI OHt(ARLES A USURPER. The Porto henceforward considers Roumania as In the power of the enemy; therefore, all acts Issuing during Ibis' slan occupation are in usurpation of the `Multan'e authority. THE DANUBE TO 11 DRIDUED AT NIrOPOLI. The Ruselane will certainly bridge the t Danubue near the mouth of the Pruth and at Turns, nearly opposite Nikopoll. A torpedo depot has been established at -the mouth of the Pruth. The torpedo corps consists of C0o engineers and sailors. DOntRUtmBft TO lxI EVACUATED. The Turks have determined to evacu ate Dobrudsohi. The Turks are slowly falling back on the line of defense adopted by the council of war. THE ALLIANCE BETWEEN RUSSIA AND HOU MANIA. An alliance between Russia and Rou mania is confirmed from all sides. 1Wi AFGHANS WILL ASSIST TUREET. Iskender Khan, nephew of the Amoor of Afghanistan, started for Constanti fople from London last night to offer his services to the Bultan. . .. . . . • b. nm- . . . . THIS BATTIE AT KAEr. f. Harm aind Its Moenn of Defenee--The Turkish MOde of Warfare in Arin to 1 toe Defenslve. i EN. Y. Tribune. Soon after the declaration of war, the ° Russian army of 130,000 men appears to have been set in motion. The main t1 army left Gunri or Alexandropol, and A advanced in a direct line on Kars, which , is only thirty-six miles or two days' march from the Russian frontier. There, according to the Reuter telegram from Erzerum (120 miles to the southwest,) a battle began at daybreak on Sunday, h corresponding to 9 o'clock, Saturday a night, in our time. o Kars is situated on a ruggedplano, t 60oo to 7000 feet above the sea the t Kare, a branch of the Arpatchi. It is I defended by ramparts surrounded by at r ditoh, and has a strong oltadel, and some works on the hills north of the city, The city was at one period the capital of a petty Armenian kingdom t º of the same name, but under the Turks it lost importance, and became it poor dull place, at which merchants stopped on their way to and from Persia. The population Is about 15,00). The town is commanded by an extensive castle, built while the Genoese were possessed of this district; the castle, now nearly crumbled into ruins, stands perched on a rocky hill, at the foot of which flows the little river Kars. This hill is, how ever overtopped by one higher on the opposite side of the river, the Kara dagh or Black Mountnin. Prince Paskevitch in 1828 obtained d control over the town and castle by oc n cupying this higher hill with a few guns. r In the spring of 1854 the Turks, at the instance of (Ien. Guyon, constructedl formidable earthworks on thls Kara iý dagh the whole male population of the > city being forced to assist in making o these defensoe. In the ltusso-Turkish war of 1854-55 Kars was captured by the Russians after a heroic defense. In it June, 1855, (Gen. AMouravleff with 28,000 n men arrived before the city, which was y held by the Turkish comnander with only 17,000 men. In expectation of the Rlussian attack, earthworks o were constructed on all the elevated 1- spots near the city-some closed like re fe doubts, others open like bastions and d rodans. There was also a line of defense inclosing an intrenched camp about ea mile and half square on the southern 15 side of the town. As the siege proceed it ed, batteries and redoubts sprang up on every side, until at length Kars became the center of a series of works scattered rover ten square miles area. These sr fortifications were constructed under s, the direction of Gen. Fenwiok Williams, who conducted the defense. On the 29th of September the Russians made a general assault, but were utterly repulsed at all points. The besiegers, however, remained around the city, r and cut off all supplies from the be l leaguered garrison. At length, on the 24th of November, Gen. Williams sur rendered, and was accorded all the hon ors of war. At present the Turks have 80,000 men in Asia Minor, distributed among the places threatened by the n- Russians. The Turks are apparently ts resolved to act on the defensive, and - will not attempt to repeat the inroads e hlch they made in the campaigns of 1853-4. Moukthar Pasha, who is with of the Asiatic army, attained some distinc ut tion in the Herzegovinian conflict. He ll is a resolute, skillful commander and intensely devoted to the Moslem cause he Turkisk Fires. "Yankin war I" is the Turkish cry of fire, and instead of ringing alarm bells. u- the Constantinople authorities dis charge seven Krupp guns. The locality of of the fire is indicated by flags or lights. ma The firemen are called "tulumbadgis," e and the different companies often fight each other, as in Christian countries. he The Sultans themselves used to run to a- the fires, but they are now more digni he fied. __.404p------- Ot Jefferson's Opinion. SA war between Russia and Turkey is c like 'the battle of the kite and the me snake: whichever destroys the other, se leaves a destroyer the less for the world. Lethe knowing one's be apprised of the fact and anks the most of it, podl will be so:d tthis y eowning as ' o'clock ac Hawkins' for the grtnd )n aitrace to be run on Mday next st the Fa r L5. i i de 1U WV TW O K EVTTUUILI I) l tI, la i STAI'T,ED M OCIE: Fr. I'wo .v.vifts ofi rlt n r't, *'rolrretlnc' t Lo, inl- h vill., Kerrftn'lky, hnrv createl qulte a mtlsa hioan In th' rfahilnahhl clrelrn of that city. afr 'Two ulina, who hiave oenru n lttl noitt le of the dn pubih atnt.trthon with the lhichdlnt of their ,1`' dlonmntle fortuneo' In ther past, have again di - ha rrne the toplcn of tho hour for public goRnsi, nll tomnim'nt, and npr' natintil. The fl'at oif tihwat ltia'l In Mis RMaille eni War.l ttlt, a famous Kentucky bealty andl ' bolle of thirty years ago, nd thei only survlv- wi Ing hUild of Mr. Rlolert J. Ward, once a loawl- i Ing monrhant of thin city and a dlopular and as distlngitishel nlti.n. of KentOuky, famous for an his prinioly hospllttlity, his genial mntnnirn ch and hin high qullitiron an a melrchant, g.n-. tl tltnuan nod patriot. in Minq Mallio. lila daughtA'r, oTolgdtl In tihe' 0o fashionable world In this city and in L0oii villo about th year 14utb lone of the grandtnt Ii sntlmonns of Hontucky bn.auty, grae and all If lthe lamptlvating .ndilwmnnts for which Kon- tl tlteky womnn lar no reniwntdll . tt. r faime n raplllty o~telonll tih h l.h11 UIllfg , and n10n 1i watn saion no'rrtound a nplou diJ array of ' wealthy anol fashionable beaux. After nrv- I oral brilliant cimpttigtn hn al t last narton b t"r heur fro.itollll anl d hnr autn'nraoy to thh 01 ,permitfnt. tall f oi well anrupprtel aslpirat lo' i ofl on of I I" weoPlt h y family , 1f I o 1,e Lawreonlc , ' of blMan.smhuiant . 1 Thre s wa~ brillia. tr#idling, anlll litb hlilppy icouple ninttlel In in Nlttoll anrti co n- . Intirl'isI their inarrniul life on a neal o. f grllot t grrandltiour A. (loegal 'o. It was not tlong, Ililmhrvtr, hbeforet Koltuc.ky andl Manna- tl hl'tnt'it di lvt'l opnI n"rlo l. ininompt ti- t hftilthw Ranll lins'rrpantlen. Noi two stylem of living, thinkhul and Rasting, onuild n hte more dlanimilar and1 antagoniLtli than tn thoseo In which the brid, anti brldeorltom had tl btn edllinatl,. It, wan not Ibng lwhforn thlir n irlnconpattbilltirn r'llpurl into irroomncillable n repugrnarmu.s and disclrd, with the usuall rli sults of noparatlon, nminh gonalp and plliile I .onmmintlt, anlld thn pluFtltaion of nmuch mrortt I fying correpnmtldnthl, anti a Ilnal dlvorn., a * The Ilxauthill widow returlld to her nativn '1 SKeintucky, and for nsome timernc mnealed her chagrln andl dllppolntimnt In the fatmily l'm 'In of which she nverf't caunrdl tt Ito the rentro t Sani tlhe Idol. o eoveral yeara llr atntl .l l.itrmho rouitl hn t Stempttew tlt re-onttr the fashllotirtln e world. 4 At lant, however, she was lurhrl biy the earn-l I ort devot.ion anti tbo many attlraictive qiualtIet I of a gallant Kintucky gerntleman, who per- I ." anwadd her t)t makkn her nrunctd verntmur in Smratrimony, and Mrs. Rallin Ward lawreine~ b hmaninc Mrs. Slallti Ward hunt., the a.lorti! y wife of D1r. Htntl, oif L"xina t in. a gentleman of very high t.nlllig., of wltIth, tantl all the t, qualitlon of a polished aRwl aotrtnpilshtl gen e tio(an. I8 After thIn marriage 1)r. Mftll rcmnovned tto this city with lil wife, ongyagd in mnrcan till, life. and was fotr soman tinle a min.tlltr of the firm of which Mr. Lbttd.,rt J. Wardl had m ri 1th,, fitoultntr antil h''a'l for' manry yearn. n; ''This prl'ov a happy mnarlirtgtt. Min i Hallio r ail )Dr. 1 iunt wore an ttatngenial nt shel anal ti her first hiiusbiandl wer antagonistletl in tattte, rl Idel'a anI Tlitch ll and usteclonal sympathles. After living happlily for ttmn yearn. ntlafor tunes and flinannlial troublus Involved hber Ihtn i. id ant'i. falt' erT, : ,t I l' tlniu thd n I iltltrtt y .. . t i .. .I I. . . . Ilit . -.f II .. ... .. hright and hInppy IIrf If the 410pl4,. 'Tr,14e1 disi.wiers tinally cuhlninateAl in the a.mldi'n death of Dr. Hunt. And now forl the u14',1nm1I timen the I.4autif4ll Kentllucky Ibell wasI a whIow, with her young chihlren. ''Though shined'l by her great nafflictions sho still re taill I It retnarlkldfln aulntlly of he1r falmily, hutI gavt, for ilylla ytear noII evidtnul' of any almltlionl tol 11 n 'ge 4' Ill any 1 rllllther venturel In e4lInubldI liit'. SHh preferred thI devot the rmahinlder or her days t|) t1h, V1111('10,atl Of her children all, in the dutei4 of hospitality, charity atml the other ruial obl igations of an AnIl, tl nearly it srorrtl Of years aktned in her llseon wIhollwhIl. llor fatherr, mothler Ibrothers and sisti"rs1 In tihe meantie. had paswil away, ad shi, anl h14 ,'r children, now grlown1, woIre all Wilho remlall4l4d or a onco0 1larmeg and brilllhtnt family ilrcle. ltelles and Isnatlltis. who have )bon. miullch1 reourtAwl andl Ilattelrl Iby ti worshtiper of fnshlol n.ntl the nadorer ofr rfnil loveliness, x1r,;n tn involllntary vie t.ints otf caprice, whhlimns and ta eolf-n414ert Ilg ilndepenll on an44nd eccen4trhicity. It was, no doubt., under the (ontrol of this caprleloIMs t1indIncy that two or threO years ago Miss Sallie Ward hunt startleld sw4it.y by announcing her purpose to acceptl. of the proffered hand of a wealthy old in r:chant, no(torious for his ugliness, his (etir l!wk of tlu 41t.ic , l o I.n el11n, f n, his low oi i1n aind humbh l4e ginningo In llfe, and his i twvterate disrl.gard of the requliromnts of gf"ilr1'1vl llfe, (even to the extreme of a gross oI ngle, of his person and his garments. It. was a qu(leer, anti, her man; friends thought, a vw'ry repugnant and unIultable match. But the bride was resolute', and the old story of Vulcan's marriage was repro ducod on thll Louisville stage, to. thU great horror of the fashionables of that ambitious 1 village. And yet this third venture of our bIlle proved by no means an unhappy one. The amialle wife appliedl her power and Influence I judliously and teffectively to reform the habits and elevate the tastes of her very un fashionable and unrefined husband. A won derful change was the result of her tutelage of her docile pupil. The old ex-boot-black, porter, grocery keeper, rapidly ascended to the position of the worthy husband of the Kentucky belle. He opened accounts with fashionable tailors and boot-makers, em ployed the most accomplished tonsorial ar tists anti perruquius, furnished his house with the most costly and tasteful furniture, pic ) tures, statuettes andl articles of vertu, and entertainedl in a style of grandeur and luxury equal to that of the most ambitious nabobs of our ostentatious sister city. Then it was that the people began to realize the a gooxl judgment and sagacity of the lady, and to admire her wonderful skill in effecting sud (den and violent metamorphoses. And this change of popular sentiment was t confirmed and enlarged by a melancholy event which occurred a few days ago, of the r demise of that worthy and respected mer chant, Mr. Armstrong, leaving his bereaved widow thn hair to ia propeil y wihlh will g.o fnr. htid l, to .nine4 h.e glon.o or hir third whiowh ool. Tie fashiohnihn hirclns of Louin vivlln hea| hlrll.y r'ct.vncr, l ' . frorm f hl e hook of thl Annt ,atlohmnl evet,. whenli na w and nver n 4morel' ltartllng on ll ongagl thelnr intonliv.ld wo4n ln1r, anl ot, In Imtiton thn ton thonsanl tnnlliu.lo I lgossip with a vohlility whlih is hardly paralhlrod in the hl.nory of that go. alppy city. This nvlnt wai the uddrlln marriage or the elogant and bhrattlful wilow of 11. 1). New con·tmb, the ml l e merchant of Iournvill.l, who died tw YW agoI, Iraving twio wiIdows, one of wlohati h een ol onsmignl to a lunatic anylum, on undroubtll proof of her in.onity, as manifootMl In attempts to kill her rown chlldren, pnniling whlih xmrflldtlnn, thorafRlle.t or hu.hn.nd potithmnl for a divorct, and thanm marrIrhl h1(. yoInig and Itutifu l MIs Kinith. one of thio bHllns of t hi city, The husbawn was about Mvrenty and the la-ly little over twenty When L,hie marrlagSe wo.rrrmul. Two ehthlron wore thel prolciu't of1 this marriage, whrm then harmony and happt nee of t.e orniple wor ~.ltldenly int.erruptNl l by a most anhnppy and embharraning event. r Thli. was the hinsltut.io, b y so on |adventurous -lwyer, of a mllt In thf n1rrtln of thi invalid wife, to annul alnd avoll thro wo wmand inariagIne of Mr. Nowcrnnho, andl ootablish thl dotal rigihta of the Ilrst wife. 'rThi suit was finally lti('rOu full, pndlingi which Mr, Nowoombo di'l., 4n.d thiin Ii m4nprioni was nWtl'ew (tl, by which both lllie worn n4u4de coinortiahin, and the last welthy, though flver legally rmoar Whether Mr'. Nw.otmnhe wan nnt,itled to that name and to the statta of a widow may be a lprplixing qulhtion in law, but there o was no quintIn a to, her nbeaty, youth, d many charms, and large wealth. (Jertatnly n there Was no such questlon in the mind of rI that remarkably shrewd, speoulatlve and r nervy gentleman, the famous turfman and Sownerl t Lo xington, Lenompt( and Hportn . man, of both the Old and Now World, (kol. In T'n.broeek, who riexmntly, at the mature age of seventy-ono, led to the altar the blushing and blooming widow Newonmbo (autat 1a). nI This astounding oewenrrenee has set all fiotis 'r ville in a roar of mingled horror and dismaay - at the audaeity of the votoran turfman and 'I the singular Infatuation of the lady for septua genarlans. This mtent is suggnstivn of many rn rhfleltioms andl s4prnlations, which we are withbheld from nfttirng into by the too great length of this sketch. THE, WAR I AMIA. mtrategfle PoInts and FPrtrree e-The Probable Reouts of the Uneslan Ad vanee. [N. Y. Times.] PAbit, Monday, April 10.-The last reliable news that we have from the seat of war leads us to suppose that the first shook between the Russian and Ottoman armies will be upon the Asia. tin side. The army which the Turks i have conoentrated between Erzroum and the frontier is reported to be 80,000 .erong, and provided with oxoellent ar tiller. Opposite them the Russlans have concentrated a force of nearly equal strength, but composed of Irregu lar troops in the main. The avant-guard consists of three brigades of Infantry, Cossacks from about the Caspian Sea, six batteries of ordinary rifled field pieces, and four batteries of mountain howitzers. The Russian frootier in Asia, which separates Turkish Armenia from Min grella, is not very favorable for oltuesive operations. There are mountains and deep gorges and long ranges of table lands stretoking away to the boundaries of Persia. Upon the Turklash side there are four ranges of mountains, running In nearly parallel lines. Such a coun try can only be traversed by the or dinary roads, all of which converge toward Erzroum, and itls in the vicinity of this place that the first encounter must take placo. Its exceptional posl Stlion renders Erzroum a strategic point of the first importance. It is a town of some 80,000 inhabitants. Comprehend ing the value of such a place in case of an attack from the Russian side, the Turks have carefully and sci entiflcally fortified the town, filling it with provisions and munitions of war. The principal roads to it are: 1. That passing by Ardahan. Olti, and Mart man, having a small Turkish fortress at the former place. 2. That from TIfils by Alexandropol and Kars, barred by the fortress of the latter town. 3. That from Erivan by Bajazid. The latter route is unfortified, but upon the former the Russians have to encounter the fortifications of Ardahan and Kars. The military operations about to begin are evident, and every military man will predict a march of three detachments, the larger force going by Kars. If the Turks are attacked by the Bus sians, the first shots will be exchanged in the vicinity of Kars and Bajazid, and historic battles will be fought over again. The objective point is iuturally ,irzroum. But the unexpected action of Persia may modify the plan of the cam paign, for the Turks cannot hold Ers roum if they are to have a Persian army upon their flank. Thete il no longer a doubt about the treaty of alliance between Russia and Persia, for the latter country has sent a formal demand to the Porte for the return of Bagdad. The prover e bial solidity of the Turks in the defense c of their fortified places, the extensive preparations they 'have made, their progress under the tuition of English officers, leads one to think that the Russians will not have an easy task be fore them, and that if the war has to , begin by a siege of Kars and Erzroum, > it may be terminated by a treaty be e fore theseatowns have fallen. Of course, h matters will be considerably complica ted if the Persians actually enter the field at once, or if the Russians deride upon a quick campaign by way of Rou mania and the Principalities. The Debt of New York. The debt of New York city exceeds by $95,000,000 the whole debt of the United States in 1860, while the taxation is over 60 per cent of that of the Union then. The taxation of the city of New York exceeds that of either of the following countries : Chill, the Argentine Repub lic, Saxony Portugal, Netherlands, Ire land and Canada; and is four times as great as that of Switzerland, which has a population three times as great, although Switzerland has an army to support. OUR WASHINGTON LETIFEL The English Army. The Only Army in Europe Founded on a Patriotli Ibab . The Immense meourceq England fiam to Draw from ler Army. The Reason Why Mhe is the Strongest Power In Europe. I(peolil Correepoudence N. O. Demoorst.] WAenttrnro, April 99, 1877. The inltmaoy with which thitUestM of Gf reat Britain are aesoiated with the pelldhl onAolot between Turbey and nueseta, and the Imminent probabillity that (he will sooner or later be driven into etire partiipation fo1 protetion of her interests, conspire to prod i avidity f,r e0 set knowledge as to her warli resonroce. *o fLr a I have seen liis subject treated t1 the press of the United Statle, our writerse-who, by the way, disouses the matt.r solely in gen eralities-betray s lack of familiarity with the faete of the theme whioh is slgngilar in view of the close relations betwooe this ountr.y and England, sad the ease with which aconrate ino formatio may be eqtuired. It ii a noteworthy fact that, partlrCnlhly 'ince the 1'ranoc-Prnseeia war, theideahae obtained In this country thit military predominance in EItrope must be mlaes ured by more numbers, and the decline of Ture POWER AlnD IAwPOAARtUr 7AN O.A&T n frTAit has been Jumped at ae a conolusion simply be. anese her army ae reprseented on paper seema so much emaller and weaker than the unwieldy .herded of helplssa consrripts who serve thebeadOb ly despotleme of auelsa and Germany, of who swell the conglomerated battalione of AG ga The average Amerlean newspaper writer li fallen into hero worship, with Dismarlekt f. i deity and the aeldental victory of P1telsa l l I fPranoe a the text of his sermon. If yet Od him what evidence he has seen of the deollne 04 the power of Ingland he will bnwer you la the Yankee feehlon with the inquiry, "Didk't the " ertainly they d1," 1P0 reply; "butt b anybody in Europe whlpp.Itbeltglil h?" 'hen the *vage ui¶flWp r writr udgels hie powter m i..a he tm "o b o tnt wthiept I tlt bt the thol Thus .,r r. diseuueles. whipped every *$ dgied in surlop for r will be "Yes, but have changed stae England fought in in the Pensula, in fBelgium and in the Oflm iere stope the logie of what rtly be oalled.i4 American mentl disease of AaetoP etath; Beginning with I. amaumption & esds in a supposition, and the supposition is as ground less as the assumption is false, The facts, bluntly stated, are that, in all the elements of warlike aepacity and in all the essentitls of bel. ligerent energy, by sea and land; In personne' and in material; in shrip, guns and all the ape p.iancs of naval armament; in soldiers, email arms, artillery, system of supply, metis of transport and ssaitary provislons for land opera tions; in monty and credit; in intelligence and training; and, finally, in the numbers of he-r population wheneos to draw her fighting raw ma terial, England is to-day more dreadful in power and more terrible in energy than in the palmiest days of Blenheim; of MInden and Warbourg; of lBalamanos and Vittoria; of Waterloo; of Balsolava and thi Inkermann. The reading public has been surfeited in the last four years with ao.nn~o of Tig (GBsMAN ABMY, the Lindwehr and the Landesram, With de seriptions of that grim and remmsesss military system which, devised by the brutal Lobhtaborst for the purposes of the ltprbarous Flrderick a hundred sad forty years ago, is now become the some of warlike enlightenment under the use eoromaqy 'O the swine-faced lesmarek and through the blue-glass spetscless of his hero. worhipuil . To be brief shout it, the Prussian is doubtless the only systesa by which to make soldiers out of a race of menu who, a peesful pursuits, are wont to hamesu thSir w .tsand daughters to the plow and the hbatf.l But those who estimate the w s of Great Britain, as compared wi ý o on timental Uations, by the lratb. the numerl cal strenguth of her steadig nry beareto theissrr reckon by an altogether failetous standard. Tra roaes or ans WXass5 fas, like the pollcy of the ritieh .overm aent, is eostant index of the will of the Bbrhis p le, anad the plan of its organlsation ils i/t f their natiosal character. It is the only army Is Europe which is organized and maintained upon a purely patriotic basis. All the other European armies exist as the arbitrary creatures of des potle law. The British army originates In the pride and is maintained by the consent of the peop!e. It is the instrument of their power, and the implement of their ambition, while every other army in Europe is the instrument of des potism and the implement of t.rnsy. The British armtyl composed of 31 regiments of cay airy, 81 brigades of artillery, and 113 regiments of infantry, besides staff corps. Of these a regi mente of cavalry, the First and Second Life Garsas and the Horse Guards, and 3 regiments of iunfntr the Grenadlers, the Ooldstreams and the o.e t dlus rs, are guards of the royal house hold. Seven regiments of cavalry are known as the Dragoon Guards, and form an independent corps; while 21 regiments of cavalry, all the ar tillery and 110 regiments of infantry constitute what is known as THE BRITISH LIXE. These regiments are organizations of all the way from one hundred to three hundred years' standing. The oldest British regiment is the Yeomen Guards, organized in 1486. The newest is the Bile Brigade, or 110th of the Line, which bears date of 1798. The seven regiments of Dra goon Guards were organized by William of Orange in 1693, as were also the present Line R3giments from the 4th to the 33d Infantry, and from the 1st to the 8th Cavalry. The British army remained sabstantially as "organized by William in 1693, until 1764-65, when it was reor ganized by George III. who created several new uesminmed on Lart rage.