OCR Interpretation

The New Orleans daily Democrat. [volume] (New Orleans, La.) 1877-1880, May 05, 1877, Image 1

Image and text provided by Louisiana State University; Baton Rouge, LA

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83026413/1877-05-05/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

- --- N-- -ll- - - ... .. . /_ .. ....
-·----" " on
wHy He Has Postponed the Call for the be
Exitrs .enOls Until October 15. in
Lay Dleassion of lls Sanlhern Polic el
will Revive Mace Animosities. o.
The Souenthern Policy to be Fairly Tested TI
Before It Is Disaused.
fblanrge ea to he Glien Time to Decide
en Their line of Actln.
lSpeeiSl to N. O, Demoeort,
WMlt.ePtoE, May 4.-The detertlina
ean of the President to postpone the
ltttle be"lon until October is no new
thouahi He has been considering the
ktiblityt of such a postponement ever
mia1 8Utohern troubles were disposed a
of, ai Id his conversations has made
ao stt of his reasons therefor.
nItly a friend called on him. In
the rOUtas of the conversation the sub
ject of oolnvening Congress was fully 1
llvaMgU d. Hayes said, in substance,
- saI, es a general proposition, extra
468t"1 were to be avoided, if it could
be by the utmost stretch of the
of the government, and that I
n j lort of threatened suspeinsion
of nt governmental finetions,
tor ilt of legislation, oaa warrant the
tentlive in convening CongreMs.
g then to political topics, he
. dthat there were various po
_ttil reasons why the extra seslson in
Ssummer should be avoided if poe
In view of the approach of the
Ohio,0 mpaign, in which financial ques
8ltO would form a leading issue, the
"utbet of finance would undoubtedly
be i and debated in Congress,
W.i91 Mtight tend to disturb the steady ,
P tKM toward specie payments, and
01160 distract the even tenot of
beittAse affairs. He did not say ta so
m wn Wordis that he thought it advisa
bb to postpone the session until after
*theV.oh election, but that was the Im
gpd produced by his remark.
Iaqu d to the proposed attack by
CCo. upon the Southern policy
Qthe administration, it would seem
bt, thought, that the policy should
kate a fair trial. If it was wrong and
Unsuooessful, those who intended to an
tagoniae it could not lose strength by
delaying their attacks, while if it was
.tam, and became a success, the delay
weeld prevent premature developments
Sathe part of its opponents.
The President said he tried to look at
S*'iquestion in the broadest and most
itprehensive light of general public
'Vel He thought the precipitation
mi4noltal discussion would unsettle
bustneoss of the country, which, un
.,i - pullettce of a steady, consistant,
.gesotal policy on the part of the gov.
03Sant, was gradually settling down
.@i, Atsm and permanent basis of coin
alues, He believed that the same gen
eal principle applied to the Southern
It -Ongress were tO meet early in
summer and the debate on Southern
matters begin, it would have the ten
dency to revive; the animosities of
races in the South at a critical period in
the workings of this Southern policy,
mad thus perhaps the policy would be
de~tated for want of fair show, and
not by reason of its own demer
lt(. Visoussion of the Southern ques
ten In Congress, he said, would
of Itself, be constructively a renewal of
the lderal intervention which he had
best Wying to discontinue. The general
teor of the President's remarks was
that IIe wanted a fair opportunity to
get his administration under way before
Congress met, in order that the mem
be, of Congress might come here with
;g- g i'leflned and matured views as to
.r ste .they ought in justice to them
·ivee and the country, support or op
peiehis measures. BUELL.
The xtra Session Net to be Called Until
October 15th.
the Almy Able to Get Along Witheut an
4ther Reasons For This Change.
[Special to N. O. Democrat.]
Wagaij eToN, May 4.-It was decided
at a meetlg of the Cabinet to-day that
thd extra session of Congress should
not be called to meet in June but on
gOler 1a. This change from theorigi
nal programme was made upon a care
jul 4 -ion of the general inter
eats q oll a mntry, and also in compli
anoe u the almost unanimous desire
of the bolaess community as well as
members of Congimes themselves, as
tr as they could be consulted, that
there should be no of Congress
thmis um if it M avoided, and
upon mature rte eroumsn
stancese of the a a8ined
that, without any appropria
tion of money, the saLycan be clothed
and supplied with all Its necesseries, A
and that until the 1~th of October only I
one regular pay day has to be paseed. k
It was also considered that if Congress
meets in October it may remain in con
tinuous session and finish Its business *
before nett summer, so as to avoid the b
Inconvenience of the hot season next T
year as well as this year.
A proclamation calling the extra ses
sion for October 15 is to be issued with
out delay. Iluotr.
They Hold a Two Ilours' Interview with
the President by Appointment. t
No Ont.snd-.Ot Conservative to be Ap
pointed to any Omite.
[Rpeclal to N. O. bemoortat.1
WASeINwerow, May 4.-The Louisiana
delegation of ofilce-seekers, headed by
Jack Wharton and Albert Leonard, had
a protracted interview with President
Hayes to-night, by speiotal appointment,
to fix up the State. The interview last
ed two hours. It is given out that no
out-and-out Conservatives will hIe ap- I
pointed to Federal offices in Louisiana.
The Certainty of Great Britail Being
S rawn into the Tureo.Russaln
a The Russ'la Army on the Danube a lore
Blind to Deceive the Turks.
Asia to be the Real Heat of Warlhre.
The Russians to Overrun and Occupy Tur
key Il Asia.
1 The Danger to the English East Indian
f Empire.
The Consequent Angle-Russian War.
r ________
ISpeolal to the N. 0. Democrat.] b
WAIsnioTON, May 4.--Diplomatic au- ci
thorities here regard the ultimate In- l
volvement of Great Britain in the iRus
siaa-Turkish struggle as almost a fore- h
gone conclusion. The most astute and d
far-sighted of these authorities to-day d
pointed out exactly how and when Eng- s
land would be drawn in. The theory
is that Russia's advance in o
Asiatic Turkey will be rapid, ii
and that full Turkish authority d
in Asia will be practically superseded by
Russian military occupation; that op
erations on the Danube, in Bulgaria, L
will be prosecuted only to divert the c
main Turkish army from Asia, and that
the Russians have no intention of at- t
tacking Constantinople from the Euro- e
pean side.
As soon as the Russlan forces overrun
Asiatic Turkey, England will demand
guaranteds of immediate evacuation in
case the Porte consents to treat for 1
peace. This will begin a diplomatic
centest between Russia and England,
which must inevitably lead to an Anglo
Russian war. Russia would refuse to
evacuate under thi pretense that the
Christians in Armenia and Syria must
be protected. The Russian occupation
of Asiatic Turkey would be regarded by I
all classes of the British people as a
menace to the integrity of the
East Indian Emplro of such alarm
Ing proportions as to produce
an overwhelming war feeling and
compel the Ministry to take decisive
measures. Under these circumstances
he thought the war would be fought out
mainly in Asia, the English govern.
ment making all possible use of her
East Indian army, which numbers over
two hundred thousand trained troops,
of whom nearly half are Musselmans.
Jack's Luck.
WASmHINTON, May 3.-It seems cer
tain if there is a change in the Marshal.
ship of Louisiana Col. Jack Wharton
will get the place.
Plnehback and the President.
Gov. Pinchback visited the President
2 to-day. The conversation was of a gen
eral character with regard to the results
of his policy so far as developed. Pinch
back told the President everything was
a going well. There was every confiden
in Gov. Nicholls, and the disposition of
all was to sustain him in carrying out
his promises of equal justice to all
That Extra Session.
Congress will be called to meet on the
4th of June. WAR NOTES.
n LoNoN, May 3.-Prince Charles of
R- Roumania is working hard to effect an
active alliance with Russia. This idea
is opposed at the Russian headquarters.
r The generals are unwilling to allow the
i- Roumanian forces to be made a sepa
e rate corps, under the command of the
Prince, or any other general who is not
a Russian. It is said there is some dis
agreement be Prince Charles and
t ti Grand . eholas on this ac
Is Boint. It the ty can be overcome
d Boumania make common cause
with Bussia, biutnot otherwise.
The Roumanians have taken military
' possession of Kalaeit. The garrison
d consists of 9000 men and 40 Krupp guns.
About fifty shots exohanged between
Ibrail and a Turkish gunboat was the
only reconnolsanoe on the part of Tur
The Buoharest official journal has
seized the oooaelon to suggest that the
bombardment of Ibrail is a causus belit.
The Roumanians are making extraor
dinary preparations. The militia has
been called out.
Turkey has positive assurances from
Count Andrassy of Austria's paoiflo in
The Porte has issued a circular de
olarlng that Roumania, by her conven
tion with Russia is betraying the inter
ests of the country and the confidence
of the 8ultan's government.
The Porto henceforward considers
Roumania as In the power of the enemy;
therefore, all acts Issuing during Ibis'
slan occupation are in usurpation of the
`Multan'e authority.
The Ruselane will certainly bridge the
t Danubue near the mouth of the Pruth
and at Turns, nearly opposite Nikopoll.
A torpedo depot has been established at
-the mouth of the Pruth. The torpedo
corps consists of C0o engineers and
The Turks have determined to evacu
ate Dobrudsohi. The Turks are slowly
falling back on the line of defense
adopted by the council of war.
An alliance between Russia and Rou
mania is confirmed from all sides.
Iskender Khan, nephew of the Amoor
of Afghanistan, started for Constanti
fople from London last night to offer
his services to the Bultan.
. .. . . . • b. nm- . . . .
Harm aind Its Moenn of Defenee--The
Turkish MOde of Warfare in Arin to 1
toe Defenslve. i
EN. Y. Tribune.
Soon after the declaration of war, the °
Russian army of 130,000 men appears to
have been set in motion. The main t1
army left Gunri or Alexandropol, and A
advanced in a direct line on Kars, which ,
is only thirty-six miles or two days'
march from the Russian frontier. There,
according to the Reuter telegram from
Erzerum (120 miles to the southwest,) a
battle began at daybreak on Sunday, h
corresponding to 9 o'clock, Saturday a
night, in our time. o
Kars is situated on a ruggedplano, t
60oo to 7000 feet above the sea the t
Kare, a branch of the Arpatchi. It is
I defended by ramparts surrounded by at
r ditoh, and has a strong oltadel, and
some works on the hills north of the
city, The city was at one period the
capital of a petty Armenian kingdom t
º of the same name, but under the Turks
it lost importance, and became it poor
dull place, at which merchants stopped
on their way to and from Persia. The
population Is about 15,00). The town is
commanded by an extensive castle,
built while the Genoese were possessed
of this district; the castle, now nearly
crumbled into ruins, stands perched on
a rocky hill, at the foot of which flows
the little river Kars. This hill is, how
ever overtopped by one higher on the
opposite side of the river, the Kara
dagh or Black Mountnin.
Prince Paskevitch in 1828 obtained
d control over the town and castle by oc
n cupying this higher hill with a few guns.
r In the spring of 1854 the Turks, at the
instance of (Ien. Guyon, constructedl
formidable earthworks on thls Kara
iý dagh the whole male population of the
> city being forced to assist in making
o these defensoe. In the ltusso-Turkish
war of 1854-55 Kars was captured by the
Russians after a heroic defense. In
it June, 1855, (Gen. AMouravleff with 28,000
n men arrived before the city, which was
y held by the Turkish comnander with
only 17,000 men. In expectation
of the Rlussian attack, earthworks
o were constructed on all the elevated
1- spots near the city-some closed like re
fe doubts, others open like bastions and
d rodans. There was also a line of defense
inclosing an intrenched camp about
ea mile and half square on the southern
15 side of the town. As the siege proceed
it ed, batteries and redoubts sprang up on
every side, until at length Kars became
the center of a series of works scattered
rover ten square miles area. These
sr fortifications were constructed under
s, the direction of Gen. Fenwiok Williams,
who conducted the defense. On the 29th
of September the Russians made a
general assault, but were utterly
repulsed at all points. The besiegers,
however, remained around the city,
r and cut off all supplies from the be
l leaguered garrison. At length, on the
24th of November, Gen. Williams sur
rendered, and was accorded all the hon
ors of war. At present the Turks have
80,000 men in Asia Minor, distributed
among the places threatened by the
n- Russians. The Turks are apparently
ts resolved to act on the defensive, and
- will not attempt to repeat the inroads
e hlch they made in the campaigns of
1853-4. Moukthar Pasha, who is with
of the Asiatic army, attained some distinc
ut tion in the Herzegovinian conflict. He
ll is a resolute, skillful commander and
intensely devoted to the Moslem cause
he Turkisk Fires.
"Yankin war I" is the Turkish cry of
fire, and instead of ringing alarm bells.
u- the Constantinople authorities dis
charge seven Krupp guns. The locality
of of the fire is indicated by flags or lights.
ma The firemen are called "tulumbadgis,"
e and the different companies often fight
each other, as in Christian countries.
he The Sultans themselves used to run to
a- the fires, but they are now more digni
he fied.
Ot Jefferson's Opinion.
SA war between Russia and Turkey is
c like 'the battle of the kite and the
me snake: whichever destroys the other,
se leaves a destroyer the less for the world.
Lethe knowing one's be apprised of the fact
and anks the most of it, podl will be so:d tthis
y eowning as ' o'clock ac Hawkins' for the grtnd
)n aitrace to be run on Mday next st the Fa r
L5. i i de
1U WV TW O K EVTTUUILI I) l tI, la i
I'wo .v.vifts ofi rlt n r't, *'rolrretlnc' t Lo, inl- h
vill., Kerrftn'lky, hnrv createl qulte a mtlsa
hioan In th' rfahilnahhl clrelrn of that city. afr
'Two ulina, who hiave oenru n lttl noitt le of the dn
pubih atnt.trthon with the lhichdlnt of their ,1`'
dlonmntle fortuneo' In ther past, have again di - ha
rrne the toplcn of tho hour for public goRnsi, nll
tomnim'nt, and npr' natintil.
The fl'at oif tihwat ltia'l In Mis RMaille eni
War.l ttlt, a famous Kentucky bealty andl '
bolle of thirty years ago, nd thei only survlv- wi
Ing hUild of Mr. Rlolert J. Ward, once a loawl- i
Ing monrhant of thin city and a dlopular and as
distlngitishel nlti.n. of KentOuky, famous for an
his prinioly hospllttlity, his genial mntnnirn ch
and hin high qullitiron an a melrchant, g.n-. tl
tltnuan nod patriot. in
Minq Mallio. lila daughtA'r, oTolgdtl In tihe' 0o
fashionable world In this city and in L0oii
villo about th year 14utb lone of the grandtnt Ii
sntlmonns of Hontucky bn.auty, grae and all If
lthe lamptlvating .ndilwmnnts for which Kon- tl
tlteky womnn lar no reniwntdll . tt. r faime n
raplllty o~telonll tih h l.h11 UIllfg , and n10n 1i
watn saion no'rrtound a nplou diJ array of '
wealthy anol fashionable beaux. After nrv- I
oral brilliant cimpttigtn hn al t last narton
b t"r heur fro.itollll anl d hnr autn'nraoy to thh 01
,permitfnt. tall f oi well anrupprtel aslpirat lo' i ofl
on of I I" weoPlt h y family , 1f I o 1,e Lawreonlc , '
of blMan.smhuiant . 1
Thre s wa~ brillia. tr#idling, anlll litb
hlilppy icouple ninttlel In in Nlttoll anrti co n- .
Intirl'isI their inarrniul life on a neal o. f grllot t
grrandltiour A. (loegal 'o. It was not tlong,
Ililmhrvtr, hbeforet Koltuc.ky andl Manna- tl
hl'tnt'it di lvt'l opnI n"rlo l. ininompt ti- t
hftilthw Ranll lins'rrpantlen. Noi two
stylem of living, thinkhul and Rasting, onuild n
hte more dlanimilar and1 antagoniLtli than tn
thoseo In which the brid, anti brldeorltom had tl
btn edllinatl,. It, wan not Ibng lwhforn thlir n
irlnconpattbilltirn r'llpurl into irroomncillable n
repugrnarmu.s and disclrd, with the usuall rli
sults of noparatlon, nminh gonalp and plliile I
.onmmintlt, anlld thn pluFtltaion of nmuch mrortt I
fying correpnmtldnthl, anti a Ilnal dlvorn., a
* The Ilxauthill widow returlld to her nativn '1
SKeintucky, and for nsome timernc mnealed her
chagrln andl dllppolntimnt In the fatmily l'm
'In of which she nverf't caunrdl tt Ito the rentro t
Sani tlhe Idol.
o eoveral yeara llr atntl .l l.itrmho rouitl hn t
Stempttew tlt re-onttr the fashllotirtln e world.
4 At lant, however, she was lurhrl biy the earn-l
I ort devot.ion anti tbo many attlraictive qiualtIet
I of a gallant Kintucky gerntleman, who per- I
." anwadd her t)t makkn her nrunctd verntmur in
Smratrimony, and Mrs. Rallin Ward lawreine~
b hmaninc Mrs. Slallti Ward hunt., the a.lorti!
y wife of D1r. Htntl, oif L"xina t in. a gentleman
of very high t.nlllig., of wltIth, tantl all the
t, qualitlon of a polished aRwl aotrtnpilshtl gen
e tio(an.
I8 After thIn marriage 1)r. Mftll rcmnovned tto
this city with lil wife, ongyagd in mnrcan
till, life. and was fotr soman tinle a min.tlltr of
the firm of which Mr. Lbttd.,rt J. Wardl had
m ri 1th,, fitoultntr antil h''a'l for' manry yearn.
n; ''This prl'ov a happy mnarlirtgtt. Min i Hallio
r ail )Dr. 1 iunt wore an ttatngenial nt shel anal
ti her first hiiusbiandl wer antagonistletl in tattte,
rl Idel'a anI Tlitch ll and usteclonal sympathles.
After living happlily for ttmn yearn. ntlafor
tunes and flinannlial troublus Involved hber Ihtn
i. id ant'i. falt' erT, : ,t I l' tlniu thd n I iltltrtt
y .. . t i .. .I I. . . . Ilit . -.f II .. ... ..
hright and hInppy IIrf If the 410pl4,.
'Tr,14e1 disi.wiers tinally cuhlninateAl in the
a.mldi'n death of Dr. Hunt. And now forl the
u14',1nm1I timen the I.4autif4ll Kentllucky Ibell wasI
a whIow, with her young chihlren. ''Though
shined'l by her great nafflictions sho still re
taill I It retnarlkldfln aulntlly of he1r falmily,
hutI gavt, for ilylla ytear noII evidtnul' of any
almltlionl tol 11 n 'ge 4' Ill any 1 rllllther venturel In
e4lInubldI liit'. SHh preferred thI devot the
rmahinlder or her days t|) t1h, V1111('10,atl Of her
children all, in the dutei4 of hospitality,
charity atml the other ruial obl igations of an
AnIl, tl nearly it srorrtl Of years aktned in
her llseon wIhollwhIl. llor fatherr, mothler
Ibrothers and sisti"rs1 In tihe meantie. had
paswil away, ad shi, anl h14 ,'r children, now
grlown1, woIre all Wilho remlall4l4d or a onco0 1larmeg
and brilllhtnt family ilrcle.
ltelles and Isnatlltis. who have )bon. miullch1
reourtAwl andl Ilattelrl Iby ti worshtiper
of fnshlol n.ntl the nadorer ofr rfnil
loveliness, x1r,;n tn involllntary vie
t.ints otf caprice, whhlimns and ta eolf-n414ert
Ilg ilndepenll on an44nd eccen4trhicity. It
was, no doubt., under the (ontrol of this
caprleloIMs t1indIncy that two or threO years
ago Miss Sallie Ward hunt startleld sw4it.y
by announcing her purpose to acceptl. of the
proffered hand of a wealthy old in r:chant,
no(torious for his ugliness, his (etir l!wk of
tlu 41t.ic , l o I.n el11n, f n, his low oi i1n aind
humbh l4e ginningo In llfe, and his i twvterate
disrl.gard of the requliromnts of gf"ilr1'1vl llfe,
(even to the extreme of a gross oI ngle, of his
person and his garments.
It. was a qu(leer, anti, her man; friends
thought, a vw'ry repugnant and unIultable
match. But the bride was resolute', and the
old story of Vulcan's marriage was repro
ducod on thll Louisville stage, to. thU great
horror of the fashionables of that ambitious
1 village.
And yet this third venture of our bIlle
proved by no means an unhappy one. The
amialle wife appliedl her power and Influence
I judliously and teffectively to reform the
habits and elevate the tastes of her very un
fashionable and unrefined husband. A won
derful change was the result of her tutelage
of her docile pupil. The old ex-boot-black,
porter, grocery keeper, rapidly ascended to
the position of the worthy husband of the
Kentucky belle. He opened accounts with
fashionable tailors and boot-makers, em
ployed the most accomplished tonsorial ar
tists anti perruquius, furnished his house with
the most costly and tasteful furniture, pic
) tures, statuettes andl articles of vertu, and
entertainedl in a style of grandeur and
luxury equal to that of the most ambitious
nabobs of our ostentatious sister city. Then
it was that the people began to realize the
a gooxl judgment and sagacity of the lady, and
to admire her wonderful skill in effecting sud
(den and violent metamorphoses.
And this change of popular sentiment was
t confirmed and enlarged by a melancholy
event which occurred a few days ago, of the
r demise of that worthy and respected mer
chant, Mr. Armstrong, leaving his bereaved
widow thn hair to ia propeil y wihlh will g.o
fnr. htid l, to .nine4 h.e glon.o or hir third
whiowh ool.
Tie fashiohnihn hirclns of Louin vivlln hea|
hlrll.y r'ct.vncr, l ' . frorm f hl e hook of thl Annt
,atlohmnl evet,. whenli na w and nver n 4morel'
ltartllng on ll ongagl thelnr intonliv.ld wo4n
ln1r, anl ot, In Imtiton thn ton thonsanl
tnnlliu.lo I lgossip with a vohlility whlih is
hardly paralhlrod in the hl.nory of that go.
alppy city.
This nvlnt wai the uddrlln marriage or the
elogant and bhrattlful wilow of 11. 1). New
con·tmb, the ml l e merchant of Iournvill.l,
who died tw YW agoI, Iraving twio wiIdows,
one of wlohati h een ol onsmignl to a lunatic
anylum, on undroubtll proof of her in.onity,
as manifootMl In attempts to kill her rown
chlldren, pnniling whlih xmrflldtlnn, thorafRlle.t
or hu.hn.nd potithmnl for a divorct, and thanm
marrIrhl h1(. yoInig and Itutifu l MIs Kinith.
one of thio bHllns of t hi city,
The husbawn was about Mvrenty and the
la-ly little over twenty When L,hie marrlagSe
wo.rrrmul. Two ehthlron wore thel prolciu't of1
this marriage, whrm then harmony and happt
nee of t.e orniple wor ~.ltldenly int.erruptNl l
by a most anhnppy and embharraning event.
r Thli. was the hinsltut.io, b y so on |adventurous
-lwyer, of a mllt In thf n1rrtln of thi invalid
wife, to annul alnd avoll thro wo wmand inariagIne
of Mr. Nowcrnnho, andl ootablish thl dotal
rigihta of the Ilrst wife. 'rThi suit was finally
lti('rOu full, pndlingi which Mr, Nowoombo
di'l., 4n.d thiin Ii m4nprioni was nWtl'ew (tl, by
which both lllie worn n4u4de coinortiahin, and
the last welthy, though flver legally rmoar
Whether Mr'. Nw.otmnhe wan nnt,itled to
that name and to the statta of a widow may
be a lprplixing qulhtion in law, but there
o was no quintIn a to, her nbeaty, youth,
d many charms, and large wealth. (Jertatnly
n there Was no such questlon in the mind of
rI that remarkably shrewd, speoulatlve and
r nervy gentleman, the famous turfman and
Sownerl t Lo xington, Lenompt( and Hportn
. man, of both the Old and Now World, (kol.
In T'n.broeek, who riexmntly, at the mature age
of seventy-ono, led to the altar the blushing
and blooming widow Newonmbo (autat 1a).
nI This astounding oewenrrenee has set all fiotis
'r ville in a roar of mingled horror and dismaay
- at the audaeity of the votoran turfman and
'I the singular Infatuation of the lady for septua
genarlans. This mtent is suggnstivn of many
rn rhfleltioms andl s4prnlations, which we are
withbheld from nfttirng into by the too great
length of this sketch.
mtrategfle PoInts and FPrtrree e-The
Probable Reouts of the Uneslan Ad
[N. Y. Times.]
PAbit, Monday, April 10.-The last
reliable news that we have from the
seat of war leads us to suppose that the
first shook between the Russian and
Ottoman armies will be upon the Asia.
tin side. The army which the Turks i
have conoentrated between Erzroum
and the frontier is reported to be 80,000
.erong, and provided with oxoellent ar
tiller. Opposite them the Russlans
have concentrated a force of nearly
equal strength, but composed of Irregu
lar troops in the main. The avant-guard
consists of three brigades of Infantry,
Cossacks from about the Caspian Sea,
six batteries of ordinary rifled field
pieces, and four batteries of mountain
The Russian frootier in Asia, which
separates Turkish Armenia from Min
grella, is not very favorable for oltuesive
operations. There are mountains and
deep gorges and long ranges of table
lands stretoking away to the boundaries
of Persia. Upon the Turklash side there
are four ranges of mountains, running
In nearly parallel lines. Such a coun
try can only be traversed by the or
dinary roads, all of which converge
toward Erzroum, and itls in the vicinity
of this place that the first encounter
must take placo. Its exceptional posl
Stlion renders Erzroum a strategic point
of the first importance. It is a town of
some 80,000 inhabitants. Comprehend
ing the value of such a place in case
of an attack from the Russian
side, the Turks have carefully and sci
entiflcally fortified the town, filling it
with provisions and munitions of war.
The principal roads to it are: 1. That
passing by Ardahan. Olti, and Mart
man, having a small Turkish fortress at
the former place. 2. That from TIfils
by Alexandropol and Kars, barred by
the fortress of the latter town. 3. That
from Erivan by Bajazid. The latter
route is unfortified, but upon the former
the Russians have to encounter the
fortifications of Ardahan and Kars.
The military operations about to begin
are evident, and every military man will
predict a march of three detachments,
the larger force going by Kars.
If the Turks are attacked by the Bus
sians, the first shots will be exchanged
in the vicinity of Kars and Bajazid, and
historic battles will be fought over
again. The objective point is iuturally
,irzroum. But the unexpected action of
Persia may modify the plan of the cam
paign, for the Turks cannot hold Ers
roum if they are to have a Persian
army upon their flank. Thete il no
longer a doubt about the treaty
of alliance between Russia and
Persia, for the latter country
has sent a formal demand to the Porte
for the return of Bagdad. The prover
e bial solidity of the Turks in the defense
c of their fortified places, the extensive
preparations they 'have made, their
progress under the tuition of English
officers, leads one to think that the
Russians will not have an easy task be
fore them, and that if the war has to
, begin by a siege of Kars and Erzroum,
> it may be terminated by a treaty be
e fore theseatowns have fallen. Of course,
h matters will be considerably complica
ted if the Persians actually enter the
field at once, or if the Russians deride
upon a quick campaign by way of Rou
mania and the Principalities.
The Debt of New York.
The debt of New York city exceeds by
$95,000,000 the whole debt of the United
States in 1860, while the taxation is over
60 per cent of that of the Union then.
The taxation of the city of New York
exceeds that of either of the following
countries : Chill, the Argentine Repub
lic, Saxony Portugal, Netherlands, Ire
land and Canada; and is four times as
great as that of Switzerland, which has
a population three times as great,
although Switzerland has an army to
The English Army.
The Only Army in Europe Founded on a
Patriotli Ibab .
The Immense meourceq England fiam to
Draw from ler Army.
The Reason Why Mhe is the Strongest
Power In Europe.
I(peolil Correepoudence N. O. Demoorst.]
WAenttrnro, April 99, 1877.
The inltmaoy with which thitUestM of Gf reat
Britain are aesoiated with the pelldhl onAolot
between Turbey and nueseta, and the Imminent
probabillity that (he will sooner or later be driven
into etire partiipation fo1 protetion of her
interests, conspire to prod i avidity f,r e0
set knowledge as to her warli resonroce.
*o fLr a I have seen liis subject treated t1
the press of the United Statle, our writerse-who,
by the way, disouses the matt.r solely in gen
eralities-betray s lack of familiarity with the
faete of the theme whioh is slgngilar in view of
the close relations betwooe this ountr.y and
England, sad the ease with which aconrate ino
formatio may be eqtuired. It ii a noteworthy
fact that, partlrCnlhly 'ince the 1'ranoc-Prnseeia
war, theideahae obtained In this country thit
military predominance in EItrope must be mlaes
ured by more numbers, and the decline of
Ture POWER AlnD IAwPOAARtUr 7AN O.A&T n frTAit
has been Jumped at ae a conolusion simply be.
anese her army ae reprseented on paper seema
so much emaller and weaker than the unwieldy
.herded of helplssa consrripts who serve thebeadOb
ly despotleme of auelsa and Germany, of who
swell the conglomerated battalione of AG ga
The average Amerlean newspaper writer li
fallen into hero worship, with Dismarlekt f. i
deity and the aeldental victory of P1telsa l l
I fPranoe a the text of his sermon. If yet Od
him what evidence he has seen of the deollne 04
the power of Ingland he will bnwer you la the
Yankee feehlon with the inquiry, "Didk't the
" ertainly they d1," 1P0 reply; "butt b
anybody in Europe whlpp.Itbeltglil h?"
'hen the *vage ui¶flWp r writr
udgels hie powter m i..a he tm
"o b o tnt wthiept I tlt bt the
Thus .,r r.
whipped every *$
dgied in surlop for
r will be "Yes, but
have changed stae England fought in
in the Pensula, in fBelgium and in the Oflm
iere stope the logie of what rtly be oalled.i4
American mentl disease of
AaetoP etath;
Beginning with I. amaumption & esds in a
supposition, and the supposition is as ground
less as the assumption is false, The facts,
bluntly stated, are that, in all the elements of
warlike aepacity and in all the essentitls of bel.
ligerent energy, by sea and land; In personne'
and in material; in shrip, guns and all the ape
p.iancs of naval armament; in soldiers, email
arms, artillery, system of supply, metis of
transport and ssaitary provislons for land opera
tions; in monty and credit; in intelligence and
training; and, finally, in the numbers of he-r
population wheneos to draw her fighting raw ma
terial, England is to-day more dreadful in power
and more terrible in energy than in the palmiest
days of Blenheim; of MInden and Warbourg;
of lBalamanos and Vittoria; of Waterloo; of
Balsolava and thi Inkermann. The reading
public has been surfeited in the last four years
with ao.nn~o of
the Lindwehr and the Landesram, With de
seriptions of that grim and remmsesss military
system which, devised by the brutal Lobhtaborst
for the purposes of the ltprbarous Flrderick a
hundred sad forty years ago, is now become the
some of warlike enlightenment under the use
eoromaqy 'O the swine-faced lesmarek and
through the blue-glass spetscless of his hero.
worhipuil . To be brief shout it, the Prussian
is doubtless the only systesa by which to make
soldiers out of a race of menu who, a peesful
pursuits, are wont to hamesu thSir w .tsand
daughters to the plow and the hbatf.l
But those who estimate the w s of
Great Britain, as compared wi ý o on
timental Uations, by the lratb. the numerl
cal strenguth of her steadig nry beareto theissrr
reckon by an altogether failetous standard.
Tra roaes or ans WXass5 fas,
like the pollcy of the ritieh .overm aent, is
eostant index of the will of the Bbrhis p le,
anad the plan of its organlsation ils i/t f
their natiosal character. It is the only army Is
Europe which is organized and maintained upon
a purely patriotic basis. All the other European
armies exist as the arbitrary creatures of des
potle law. The British army originates In the
pride and is maintained by the consent of the
peop!e. It is the instrument of their power, and
the implement of their ambition, while every
other army in Europe is the instrument of des
potism and the implement of t.rnsy. The
British armtyl composed of 31 regiments of cay
airy, 81 brigades of artillery, and 113 regiments
of infantry, besides staff corps. Of these a regi
mente of cavalry, the First and Second Life
Garsas and the Horse Guards, and 3 regiments
of iunfntr the Grenadlers, the Ooldstreams and
the o.e t dlus rs, are guards of the royal house
hold. Seven regiments of cavalry are known as the
Dragoon Guards, and form an independent
corps; while 21 regiments of cavalry, all the ar
tillery and 110 regiments of infantry constitute
what is known as
These regiments are organizations of all the
way from one hundred to three hundred years'
standing. The oldest British regiment is the
Yeomen Guards, organized in 1486. The newest
is the Bile Brigade, or 110th of the Line, which
bears date of 1798. The seven regiments of Dra
goon Guards were organized by William of
Orange in 1693, as were also the present Line
R3giments from the 4th to the 33d Infantry, and
from the 1st to the 8th Cavalry. The British
army remained sabstantially as "organized by
William in 1693, until 1764-65, when it was reor
ganized by George III. who created several new
uesminmed on Lart rage.

xml | txt