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THE NEW ORLEANS DAILY DEMOCRA
OFFICIAL JOURNAL OF THE STATE OF LOUISIANA. VOL. II---NO. 149). NEW ORLEANS, FIIDAY, MAY 18, 1877. PRICE, FIVE CE] BY TELEGRAPH.rt BUTLER AND WELLS. BIten Ilutler Persuades the President to 9 Reconsider his Appointment of J. Wiley Wells as Solicitor of the Treasury. , lie Thinks this Appolntment Might Inter- t fere with his Little Climis Ble fore the Treasury. Sherman will Stick by Wells. [S(peoil to N. O. DT)mocrat. I WAnTmW;TOn, May 17.-Some weeks ago, at a meeting of the Cabneot, it was decided to appoint G. Wiley Wells (a Mississlppi carpet.bagger) Solicitor of the Treasury. Ben Butler heard of it and came on hero, and had influence enough to induce Hayes to reconidler this and hang it up. It appears that when Butler's son-in-lhw, Ames, was Governor of Missisilppi, Wolls rofused to indorse ine of his aots, and hence was put on Ben's black list. Wells now comes to the 'front, and charges that Butler antagonl~id hi~ appointment be eause he has a number of claims before the Department whlch he did not care to have Wells pass upon. He has fur nished in detail a schedule of the claims to Secretary Sherman, and has so im pressed the head of the Treasury that Butler's antagonism was from sinister motives that Sherman has promised that Wells shall have the place at the and of the fiscal year. BEvuLL. TIID JETTIES. Charges Made thit the Work on the ,ettles Has Not Been Done in Accordance With the Act of Congress Authorlz ing It, .ds id Wanshington to Vindicate Illm. self antl Ills Jettles. [IpcSiS l to N. O. Dpmnerst. ] WisurNonroN, May 17.-Charges have been filed with the Secretary of War to the effect that the necessary depth of water has not been attained by Capt. Eads at the jottles, and, in addition, that the work has not been done in ac cordance with the act of Congress au thorizing it. isrysl i hero to vindicate himself egainst those chargos, and his friends say that the trouble arises with army enginonre, who are jealous of the work. BIELi,. [Frotm Onr Evning Idition of Yesterday.] PEDERlAL OFFIC:ES. A New Candidate for Naval Oi(,fcr in Gee. i. Kelpo, of lIl,pides. The Custemlons. and Returning Board Nuppaort II s andidalure. Beckwith Again Spken of for District Attorney. UHis 'romined P'. oention of West et. a!. Itptcial to th(1 N. 0. Democrat.] Wasn1NoroN, May 17.-State Senator Kelso, of Rapider, has just arrived here to demand his aplpoiutment as Naval Officer. Ho is indorsed by Collector King and all the members of the Re turning Board, who insist that the naval ofice is the property and part or the Custom-House lpatronage, and belongs to them under the ntreement by which King was appointed Collector. Beckwith ii being pushed for rein statement, and is urged on the ground of his enmity to the whisky and cotton rings. It is understood here that he agrees to prosecute West, Casey and others if appointed. BUELL. ASSASSINATION IN WEBSTER PARISH C. S. Franks Assashinated by a Concealed Negro. [Spedial to N. O. Demoorat.] MINDEN, La.. May 17.--C. S. Franks, son of Judge Franks, was shotand fatal ly wounded last night, at Dorchite Bridge, by some concealed assassin. A negro was arrested charged with the offense. The evidence is very con clusive against him. Franks was a Republican, but no pol Ities are involved. Jealousy was evi dently the cause. A. B. GEOROE. 'Tll1 FEDERAL OFFICES IN LOIUiMANA. The Attempt to Defeat M.Jor Jack Wharton's N.m'natlon. WASHINGTON, May 17.-Senator Pat terson is reported as quoting the Presi dent that he wotl I only appoint Repub licans to office in the South, but in making his appointments he would take great care to get hold of the best men; and Secretary Sherman, that so far as the offices under his rntrol were con cerned, out and opt R pputlliacansº who stood by the party in t.i ast. will re ceive oonsideratona lb preference to those who have only becoome Repub lioans sinoe the advent of the present Administration. They are urging against Gen. Jack Wharton that he was connected with the Bossier massacre of 1868. Wharton's manly but impolitic hand ling of the famous Maddox letters is also urged against him. THE TEXAN C'ENTRAL RAILROAD. The Ternro Otfered by the Road AeceptTI by Its Creditors. GALVEsToN, May 17.-At an adjourned metting of creditors of the Texas Central Itdlroad, held at Houston last evening, the committee appointed at a previous meeting reported in favor of accepting the company's proposition, and ad dressed the following card to foreign creditors : The undersigned, Texts creditors of the Houston and Texas and Central Railroad Company, and a portion of the creditors participating in the meeting of the unsecured creditors of the com pany which unanimously recommended acceptance of the terms proposed by the t company, on the plan for liquidation of the unsecured linbilities, and having ourselves accepted tie said terms and signed the samtu, would recommend all non-.rsidents, as well as resident credi tors, to accept the terms proposed. B. A. SH1EPHEID, ]lANGEtR & Co., JIENRY Fox, ;JAon IINSE, T. H Hous.E, B. O'CoNsoa. 4A nlliml.ot. VINEYARnD AVEN, Mass., May 17.- The stenin collier Harrisburg, from Bon ton for Philadelphia, had a collision off (Cross Rip with the schooner Marietta rreton, from HIoboken for Boston, sink ing the latter in a few minutes. The captain and wife, mate, cook and two seamen were drowned; two seamen saved. FOREIGN. WAR NOTEI. Not in Contraventlon of the Treaty of Parts. PES'r, May 17.-Premier Tlzsa stated In the Chamber of Deputies that Rus sia's action in Roumania was not In con traveation of the treaty of Paris. The American Officers In the Khedlve's Army. ST. PETERSBURO, May 17.-The Rus sian telegraphic agency says: The American officers in the Khedive's army refuse to tight Russia; they will remain in Egypt. The Rounnanlans at Ialsfat. The Roumanians have been working incessantly at Kailafat. The fortifica tions have now forty guns in battery bearing on Widdin. They have built twelve redoubts to cover the crossing of the Danube. All will be finished Tues day. .tlkne's In the Turk lmh Army. Rusehuk is enormously strong-has 20N0 guns mounted, besides five gunboats. Turkish doserterts from there, who have reached Glurgevo,complain of bad food and sickness in the Turkish army. Tle Military MIovements of the Two Armlem. The Russians have not yet advanced. Tihe Turks are fortifying the passes of the Balkun. Abdul Kl tm is drawing all the troops from Macedonia and Albania to the Danube. The National Guard throughout the south are artned and all regular troops are moving northward. T're Clreasalan Insurrection lSpreadini. It-liable information has reached Fra.kfort that the Circassian insurrec tion is spreading. THIIE FRENCH MUDDLE. The Anti-Cabinet Meeting of the Left. LONDON, May 17.-Latest advires say all sections of the Left were represent ed at the Grand Hotel meeting in Paris last night. There were 290 members present. A resolution was unanimously passel declaring that no Ctbinet can have the contldence of the Chamber which is not free in its actions, and resolved to gov ern according to republieaqn principles, which alone can secure order and pros perity ar home and peace abroad. On leaving the meeting M. Gambetta was loudly cheered by the crowd. He addressed them, recommendling calm ness and moderation, dcclaring that power would finally remain with the Eight. The crowd responded with cries of "Vivo Gambotta," "Vivo la Itepub lie." The New Cabinet to be Formed. PArns, May 17.-Though all the Minis tors have nominally resigned, Duo Do Catzes and M. B .rthault will remain in the Ctbinet under any circumstances. Prolongation f)r a month, andi finally dissohltitn, is spoken of. MacMahon desires the Ministry constructed from the liberal section of the Right Centre. " The MovIt Fatal Event for Yearn." LoN)oN, May 17.-The Times corre spondent at Paris says : President Mac Mahon's letter to M. Jules Simon, which caused the latter to tender his resignation, is one of the most serious and perhaps most fatal events since the fall of M. Thiers. nuttnied. LONDON, May 17.-The American brig C. C. Sweeny, for the United States, re turned to Havre. the crew having muti nied and killed the mate. EIODIE TO EMILIE. A herret of Radical Offier Holding Brought to Light. NEW ORLEANS, April 11, 1877. Mr. Emile loonore: Sr- It in with surprise that I have jrst read the contents of }our letter, in which you say that I had agre d to shard thq sa'ary of the offioe. Permit me to say to you that if van have behtrved this you have been deceived, for I could not, make such an agreement, inasmuch as I have per form, d my duty, being alone; consequently I cannot see with whom I sh uld share my salary. which I have deserve t. Wt h reap't, ),LOD) E RI HABD3ON. Card fronm Judge Leonard. NEw ORLEANS, May 17, 1877. Editor Democrat-In your issue of this mo:n. ing unid-r the head of "Btck Salary GOrbs." }ou say: "i bree Supreme judges drewr warrant' as folilow.: Le,'na-d from Novemb.-r 6 to Deo-mber 31, 1876, $11 69 45." The warrant rn-ferred to w -s drawn p evi us to the 9th of January under the appropriation bill of 1876, and for services ren der, d while my tile as Associate Justice was an questioned. Th , imputati in that I hive drawn any nnau:horiz'd or even doubfal warrants in un founded and absurd upon ies fa "e. Very truly, yours. J. E. LEONARD. FUDAYr Excoaizona of the MosaLs LINE at 6:45 sunday morni. g an t return at 9:55 at night. Fare to Biloxl and return On DeoahaS. . ... . . .~ ~ ~~~ --" .-- . . . . . ._-- __-_-- - " - % - _" _ _ OUR WASHINGTON LETtER. 0 fThe Trull Inwardness of Mr. Hayes' b Southern Policy. p He Does Not Want Any Third Parly in w ills. The Democrat Pronmised A Nice Stilt for v I ibel. 0 fr WAsHNETroa n , IIay 14, 1877. n The Lon'siana ofliee-seekors' rail upon the H Presidlot seems to have spent its force, or at A least to have abated some part of that wild fury n whiob eharact, rized its first onslaught--no' un like a charge of Bashi-B z ,nks upon a defenseless S Bulgarian village. As yet there are no results u to re cordl. beyon, the appointment of Tio n An drson Collector of the P iri of N w Orleans; that is to saiy-well, it amounts to the same a thing. Whlln I to sg aplhal you "'he slats" a week ago, there was a prospect that the appoint ments suggested in it wolld he made W!THIN TEN DI119, but now there seems to be a hitch, and the whole ba'chl is hn ag .up fir thl present. Of I o ursn there is ni, to hug what a dav may bring forth, but tira ohamnes are that it will take seo eral days to bring f rth the new slate of Federal patronage in honisiana. One thing, however, is as.ourd. The Faderal patronage of the BSoth is to be distributed on a strict party basis, and NO CONsERYAT'riv NEED APPlY. Indeed. there is good reason for asserting that if the precent PIostmaster General should roeign the isolated position which he holds--or, In other wordis, esca.jo from the state of siege in which he is helll-a Rtpublioon would be appotinted in his pleon so quick it would make yeur head swim. Not that the President has weakened on what is oeatld his Bonuhern policy, but he has lately reached the onnolusion that the best thing he can do is to s'ick to his party, while the best thing that can happen is to have HI PARTY STICK TO HIM. If he ever entertained any notion of smashing things generally and organiuzig a new party out of the itkbrie.,that notion was a dream inspired by the dulcet whlspers of Rohlrs and Stanley Mat ,hews, and1 has now been ru lily dispelled by the harsh dtsoords that IBlaine and Ben Wade struck the key-note of, and that are still growling in ugly undertones through the editorials of the New York Time., Chicago lateir-(rea-c and othelr ortho dox organs. Moreover the Pros dent has I been to some extent disheartene l and most utterly dilsppointOd by the reception which his (harflold movement encountered in the tNi nh, anl ha marvels to this momeunt why it was that the Southern men declined to transfer to Garfleld the go:id will they expressed toward Chsrlos Fo.ter. He tdos not seem to comprehend that the average Southern man is a stickler for individual manhood, an I not suhol a devotee of "measures," that he can lose sight of the "mmu" who may be set up as their exponents. Fancy the feelings of our good heart. , and over genial President when, having hold hit fri ond Clarflld outn to the South on Tim ENDi5 OF A sTlVgIR F 'IK. 3 the South flung the uInsavor, i )t to say pittril, mass of all politic I, andl narly all p',rs tn i, v ia no.s imraginablal back i:ito his fa.o. with the modest decliui.ion, "Not any Garfield in on 'u, thank yoru. Th R ):th 1 oted tp ii irea' noi . p1.l'cy i.a its true light as a dsp ..s,iioor if sir)hlo jili' ic longdelayedr, aI wis g'aI'ofol. If a mrtt has owed you ten dollars you al,.ays fool bitter to wards hire afro, he has p)i i, t'iºn wile it was. s'ill due and unpid. An-d if you ha I sot it dii a on the wren ; silo of pr tit ao1l lIas a& a bVl debt, you fool etill greater gra'itude w~lon your debtor, whon you had given no for a ,d.ead bait, on xp-at.elly o ames up t"-'1 hain Is y n thlo in all sum which you hadl g v,m up f r Ios. B;:; bo calun he has paidl y)l thii dbt ym dI not foIl like turning arolld aunI maltiri hiin a doela of your prop ,rty-all y mr pns-srlouns -imurh tlilt saying to him: "Here, my g it , frien 1, yon have at last bsen hios~et with me; lat, m a in torn sanri aloe my honor i, so -e way to do you a .ervioc !" o Or, to pot the boat on the o her leg, suppoce the dalbtor after having dischargud his dlabt tshoul ,,y, "Jeohold, my dear fillow, I have paid you what I owed you. Now, I have a friend who is a thief, and I want you to give him an oppor tnnity to lt' al s amething; you can hardly refuse so small a favor as to enter into conspirae, with my friernd who is a thief, sioco T have been so gracious as to, pay you what I owed you " S In the ordlinary effulrs of lifeo .ch a req'nast i. would not be likely to mnrot with muclh flavor. y And yet the Presideonlt's desiro Ihat the toutt i shonlt ELECT ;A.JIIEI.Db tI'EAIEU was not lehes ahurd in a political point of view than the ab:,vo euppj,sed caso would be as a buttess traneactiIn. The Presidhnt simply paid the South a debt of long standing, a debt which oven his stubborn and despotic predeces sor had acknowledged in equity lon. ago; and then he turned blandly and asked the South to support for the highest and most honorable place in the gift of the representatives of the people this Garfield, wh.), in the eyes of all de cent, honest men, stands the hatefullest and do spisablest of public characters in any party or of any persnsioiL! On these and other accon-ts the President's views have been somewhat modifel, and his in tentions as to policy somewhat narrowed of late. He has given up the idea of reviving the Old Line Whig, and concluded to STICK TO THE MODERN REPUBLICAN for his p ditical o mpanionship. He reahce out after that unsubstantial personage called the Liberal Republican, and pulls him back into the regular party basket on a hook baited with a poetoffice or a consulate; but he has quit casting his li e into the deep, stil pool whero the Demo cralic fish swim. He says they only nibble; con funld them, they won't bite; they have g )t away wi'h the bitr every time, and he has to fish care fully, or they w 11 get the hook and line, too! Thus recently a Conservative friend of the Pres'dontwent to see him, simply to pay Lie re spects, and wi hout waiting for an inquiry on that subject his Excellency branched out upon the sebjeet of FEDERAL PATRONACGE IN TIlE SOUTH. "I have made up my mind," he said, "to be stow the offices is my gift exclusively upon men who worked for the success of the Republican party in the late campaign. I shall try to select those Republicans who are most accep able to the body of the people, but shall select in all oases Republioans." BHs visitor, who was a promlunea member of Congress, by the way, replied, "Well, Mr. Presi dent, I am obliged to you for this information, but it is nothing more than I expected. I don't know of any rm presentative Conservative man In the South who wishes you to go back on your party obligations in this matter. We never wanted anything but our State governments; we have got them, and we feel grateful to you fir having been, as we think, iaMIILY IRUST TO I'R. We are ready to defntri you with our v-ices and our votes if you are attacked by your own party i for having been just to us, but beyond that we do 1 not expect any political favors from you, and do not propose to give you any political sympathy. As to the non-political measures which your ad ministratikn may from time to time bring for ward, thby will be supported or antagonized by Southern men, according to the interests or lo calities and the predilections of individuals." To thi4 the President r" jined, that he was not wholly a free agent in those matters. This was a big country, and a natiousl party was A o10 THING. lie had deemed it his asholute duty, as Com mander in-Chief of the military and naval forces of the United States, to see to it that no part of those forces was employed to interfere with the popular right of local self-government. Thus he had felt free t., take such measures as had re sulted in the establishment of II impton's author ity in South Carolina, and that of Nicholls in louisiana. iBut in the matter of dispensing pat renage he was the agent of his party to a certain extent, and henlce, while in settling the disorders in Lonuiiana and South Uarolina, he had acted as the President of the whole people in dispensing patronage, he felt I iand to bear in mind that he was also THE LEADER OIF A PARTY, and that its working members must be recog nized according to their works. This is the most significant utterance the Presi dent has given out on the subj ct of partylsm since his iunauguration. It shows that he draws the line between g neral executive policy and the dispensation of patronage. He said a great deal more to the same purport during the interview, tbt no portion of it was par ticuonlry significaut, exoent a rem ar";, the effNot that as the loader of a national p..ieh lie had for example NEW ENOLAND AND O0110 to look after; that public sentiment in those seo tions might b , and would be, affloted by any policy he might pursue, for exanplo in Louisiana and South Carolina, and hlene, so far as his sence of justice and duty permitted him to do so, he f lt bound to pursue in the South an adminis. trative policy that would be acceptable to Toir MEN WHO WORKiliD AND VOTED fir him in the North. He raid that so far as the termination of Fedt'ral interference in State poli tic was c ,ncorned, he would do it over and over again, no matnt r how great a clamor might ensue, beooause he believod it was rig it. He would not sustain any State government by Federal force, North or South, in opposition to what was cl arly the will of the pe ,pie of the State, no matter how loudly such action might be demanold by mem bore of his party, because he dermed it UlN(ON'TTITITTION \t AND WRlONG to do these things. ,But that was oneo mator and the distribntiou of Federal patronage was an other. Thui il' our c'nserv.tive friends down South who are writing to Key for poatofioe., or who are will ng to acept fth situation on the basis of the old flag anl a sptcial agonov, may as well .\Vi. TIERII i'o rArE tFTA.\MPA. Th,-y are nr t at all likely to be withdrawn from the ranks if prodlnctivc inuiqtry. A. C. B. P. S.--I h:ixo just lcarned that my venerable Acqtliaintanci,, (leorgo Taylor, is wroth at your recent aconrat of a certain cotton claim j ib in which his name figures with more conspionity than crerli, and that he proposes to bestow upon the 1)eºarc.nTr oneo :f thoso things which invaii ably oraament the suesessful nowspaper-a libel suit. You will probably hear from him before long. ...... . . 1. 4 .4 . .. .. [IIY AU mIORITY ] Appointments by the Governor. B. F. Hlarrod, Chief Enginerr of the State of Lorisian . N. II. Wilson, Inepector of Weights and Meas. ures f r the pzrish of AecIneion. The Greek Army. The army of Greece contains 21,514 infantry, 575 cavalry, 1547 artillerymren and 50 guns. 717 engineers, 2347 gen darmes and 90 surgeons. There are also thirty battalions of volunteers, num boring 10,410 men, making a total of 49,109. The National Guard, consisting of males from eighteen to fifty years of age, constitutes a force of 165,(000 men, armed only with Minie carbines. Head ing the army isa marshal, with five gen erals of division and ten brigadiers, ten of whom, however, are held in reserve. The officers In all amount to 400. The military academy comprises 70 cadets, 10 instructing officers and 20 non-com missioned officers. The navy includes two ironclad corvettes, each carrying twelve guns; nine wooden steamers and eleven sailing vessels. The total com plement of these vessels, in time of war, is 1400 men. The time of army service is three years in the line, three in the line reserves and six in the war reserves. The Mn.hara Canal reheme. The proposition is seriously made to form a sea of the desert of Sahara by cutting a channel to let in the waters of the Mediterranean--an enterprise re garded as entirely feasible. But a Ger man scientific writer asserts that the Sa hara project, if carried out, would even tually turn Europe into another Green land. He alleges that the diversion of the Gulf stream, by the cutting of the Suez Canal, has already began to have an influence on the climate of Europe, and that the covering of the burning sands of the great African desert with water would destroy the hot winds. which are necessary for the melting of the Alpine snow and ice, and would finally result in a glacial formation that would overwhelm Italy. He instances the changes in climate in Australia and New Guinea by the deviation of a warm current of water. Foa 'ALE. -Attention is called tothe judicial ale of valuable property, in" Algiers. to be made by Sheriff Handy, on the 26h inst., in the suit of A. B. ,eger va. Southern Muinal Gas Light Co., Fifth Daetr;ct Court N . 7860. Toe prop 'ty oonsists of 12 lots of sround, with improvements, among wh oh is a ass meter, of wronght iron, recently erected at an expense of $8000. The whole will be sold without limit at twelve months credit. Pearl Soepin.. ON TO MEXICO. The Preparatlons Made by the Filibusters c to Invade Mexico. Ample Proviciaon for All Contintgrn'les-- C Anurrei Rturrenr of the Expeditlon. $ [N. Y. Herald.] WASHINmGTON, May 12.- -A good deal of s excitement has been created in Wash- t ington to-night by the disclosure of a v plot for an invasion of Mexico by an I American filibustering expedition in the C interest of its refugee President, Senor t Lerdo. Whispers of such an enterprise t were heard several days ago, but they a were not regarded as more than rumors ( started by some of the ever busy gossip t factors of the place. This afternoon, r however, the report assumed a tangible i and more suhstantial shape andv enough has transpired of the facts to t indicate the existence of a formidable 1 conspiracy on the part of a legion of American free lances to cross the bor- t der and raise the standard of Lerdo. Of course, the project is coupled with all sorts of statements and conjectures I Sas to the allee.d secret purpose and in- I tentlons ascribed to the United States t in connection with the enterprise, prom- ( inent among which is the boast of the ( filibusters that Lrdo has an under- ( standing with our Government and pur- i chasers a promise of its non-interference I by an agreemrnnt to rectify the R.lo SGrande border of Texas suitably to our notions of what should be the dividing line in that r.egion, not to speak of re moter regulations looking to the cession of Lower California if not Sonora and a part of Chihuahua. This part of the programme is all in abeyance, however, for the Lerdo movement would meet doubtless with less encouragement at home were it undertaken with the avowed purpose of surrendering any portion of the territory of Mexico. The filibusters say this is a matter for the Mexicans to rettle among themselves after they have achieved their expected object of restoring Lerdo to the Presi dency. WHAT TIIE EX'PEITION .AIMS AT. r Meantime the rpi..'e immediate and imp)ortant, .,onern of the public just now is with the fact, of which there is no doubt, that a flilibustering expedition Y is on foot. Outside of what has been a already stated, its object is believed to a he the annexation to the United States of all that portion of Mexico lying north of a line drawn from the mouth of the Rio Gran do to San Blas, on the Pacific coast. It has assumed definite shape and consistency, and is now al e most ready to enter Northern Mexico from several dif -rent directions. The r expedition, though having the same destination in the main as that which t came to grief two years ago for lack of funds, is not by any means a revival of it. A great many of those who failed to accomplish their desires then are en rolled and hohl high positions in the present organization, but to them is added some of the strongest financial men of the Pacific coast, and these last d have had the selection of commanding officers and the fixing up of the plan of campaign. They would not put in their h money without being allowed this privi lege of naming the leaders of the expe Sdition. 'I Immediately upon his arrival in the United States in December of last year, ex Preoident Lr-rdo, who had just been n compelled to fly from Mexico by the combined treachery of Iglesias and the le prowess of Dinz, was approached upon r the subiject of th8 expedition, and in vitedl to give it his sanction. Of course a nothing was said to him then, nor has Y anything since been said to him, of the a real object of the expedition, which is i- the acquisition of Mexican territory. si Nor is he now committed, so it Is said, e in any way to permit Americans to per manently occupy the land and rule it. But ho was given assurances that if he desired to be reinstated in the Presi dency of Mexico, men of both financial and military standing would soon raise )f an army composed of ex-Union and ex-Confederate soldiers sumlicient to ' accomplish it. The assurances be ing sati.faci.ory, the originators were told to go ahead and perf'ot their plans, anrd already as many as 1800 men 4 ore enlisted in San Francisco alone. n The plan of the expedition, as far as it I- is disclosed by one of the filibusters, in 0 volves only a force of 3000 men to start - with. One thousand of those are to sail f from San Francisco and undertake the g apture of Guayamas, in Sonora, the f finest harbor on the Mexican co, st, and , 500( are to rendezvous at Fort Ylma or - Arizona City, the present terminus of -the Southern Pacific railroad. These Stwo columns are dleemed sufficient for * the capture of the State of Sonora. An e other thousand are to enter Mexico by Sway of Eagle Pass, and 500 are to invade C- hihuahua from El Paso. MEXICO UNPREPAIREID. It is well known that the Mexican government have scarcely 500 national troops of all arms in the parts of the country propo-od to be invaded, and It is not doubted that, even without any assistance from native Mexicans op posed to Diaz, 3000 troops provided for in the plan would be able to take and hold all of Northern Mexico, and prob ably march into the city of Mexico it self. THE LEADING SPIRIT. One of the leading military spirits, If not the general commanding the pro posed expedition, is Gen. Vaughan Thomas, who is quite well known to fame as the youngest member of Walk er's Nicaragua expedition. He is the same Gen. Tnoma who, long after wards, at the head s than one hun dred Americans, setPI the State of Guatemala and held it for nearly two years. The general has been in the city of Washington for several days inter viewing the State Department and try ing to obtain from Mr. Evarts a promise not to interfere with the expedition in any way, and he left this evening for the scene of operations, feeling well as sured, it is said, that the Administration would interpose no barrier to the suc cess of the undertaking. Another leading man in the scheme is James D. Poston, who, though a na tive of the Quaker City of Philadelphia is believed to have been born with all the elements of alsuccessful filibuster in him. Postop has been for many years on the Mexican frontier, in Ari zona. and besides owning large Interests in mines in that Territory, owns a large ranche well stocked with herds and flocks just over the line in Sonora. Poston will be in command of the column which will march from Yuma and go-operate with the troops which will go by sea to Guayamas. It is thought that these two columns will oo cupy Sonora almost without firing a gun, as the inhabitants are known to be more in favor of Lerdo than Diaz. After Lordo's friends in Sonora are re stored to power the troops will continue the march until a junction is effected with the column from Eagle Pass and El Paso, when they will proceed to the City of Mexico gathering strength as they go, and calculating to sweep every thing before them. The El Paso column of 500 men will be under command of Gen Frank Armstrong, an ex-officer of the army in the late war, who spent, much time upon theo frontier, and is very popular with the wild spirits out there, who will not be happy after death unless they die with their boots on. The Eagle Pass column of 1000 men will be led by (hon. Joe Shelby,of Missouri, with Esco bedo, late commander-in-chief of Ler do's forces in Mexico, as second in command. This column will doubt less be the ilrst to engage in bat tie, for after crossing the Rio (rande it will make straight for the rear of Cortina's cattle thieves and murder ers. and occupy the old b ittloe grounds of Z chary Taylor at Haltlilo and Mon terev. With those points occupied, Cor , tina's bandits could neither be rein forced by troops from the city of Mex ico, nor go to their aid. Joe Shelby would hold him to the lower Rio Grande until Armstrong, Poston and I Thomas could join forces with his, and 6 then the grand column, having first an 3 niothilated Cortina's bandits and given peace to the Texas frontier, and being t heavily reinforced by Mexican troops t which Gen. Esoobedo would be very ac 3 tive in recruiting, would not halt again Y until their commander established B headquarters in the ancient halls of the a Montezumas. JO SHBELBY'S OHANCE. The command of the Eagle Pass col umn, which is now being recruited at San Antonio, only select men known to be desperate fighters being accepted, Is 3 given to Gen. Shelby, not only because t of his great reputation as a cavalry s loader on the Confederate side in the n Ilrte war, but because he is thoroughly n acquainted with the country he is to o march through. It ill be recollected s that when Gen. Dick Taylor sur 4 rendered his infantry at the close of the h war Shefby refused to sutrender with e him, and with 2500 eavalry bravely cut o his way through Juarez's forces and toendered their services to Mail 0 millian. The rouie he is to follow e now is the same that he took e thoen. The leaders of the expedition 'l say that the enthusiasm for the expedi Of tion both in California and Texas, and f allalong the borders, is unbounded, and o that they could as easily recruit 10,000 I men as 3000; but the latter number is 0e deemed amply sufficient. If unfortu Is nately it should not prove so, they know 1l that at the llrst reverse thousands, if It need be, of the bravest and the best of the blue and gray would soQ,. rush to ? their assistance and uttdtl2 blot the ir name of Mexico from thebsnap. Be sides they say that, as the invading host moves onward into MedtlO it will be fol lowed by thousand of miners from Call e fornia, Nevada, Utah, Colorado, New r, Mexico arnd Arizona, who will go to n work in the rich mines and hold the e country in their rear. DEAD. The ltepiahllcan Party of Mouth Carolin- Jlbn Patterson'* Vain Attempt to ilve It litf,. [RILdfield in Cincinnati C mmorcial ] The Democrats will carry the next election in South Caroliha by thirty or forty thousand majority. Indeed, there is no limit to the maj,'rities they will roll up, except the limit of voting popu lation. At the next election the IR-pub licans may carry Charleston and Beau fort counties, but I don,'t believe they will carry any other. If this bhe so, TIIEN TITE PARTY IS DEAD, you will say. Yes, it is dead. The Republican leaelers should all recogniz, that their party is gone. I hear of only ^ne who ad.vises making further fight. That i. John Patterson, who bought his way into the Senate, and who knows that he will politically expire with his present term. There are but twenty-two months left of John. Whatever evils may attend the annihi lation of the Republican party here, the country has the s:itisfactiona of knowing that John Patterson can't be re-elected to the Senate. Patterson is the only Republican that I hear of who advises continuing the contest. The rest are ready to pass in their papers and give up the political ghost. Patterson called a few together the other night, under leaders of both colors, and matters were talked over. Patterson said let us continue the fight; we have the Senate vet; we have 35,000 majority, and the United States Senate is on our side. Let us hold out. "Heav ens, gentlemen, think of the nonsense of caving in when we have a larger Re publican majority than there is In Ohio; yes, five times larger!" Thus spoke Honest John, but it was no use. The Republicans are hopeless, dispirited crushed, and see only the blackness of darkness ahead. S THE NICIRAGUA CANAL. A Plan of Builling it to Come Up at the IN1 ra Mtemolen. [GtioKgo timz e.l The project of an inter-oceanic canal through Nicaragua has not been abmn doned by its friends. It will ata proper time be brought forward for considera tion by the present administration, and the draft of a treaty between the United States and Nicaragua providing for the construction of the canal, etc, which was drarn so by Mr. Fish and Decarde nas, a special envoy of the Nicaragua government, will be received and, per haps, presented to Congress in October. The President and Secretary Evarts are both favorable to the project, and the former has expressed his intention of examining the subjdct very thoroughly at an ear ly day. One of the most deligk..ol reorestions that ca be enjoyed is to take the IVIIDA Exotcaioz to Bd,'xt and return on the MoaILs Lurz. atre for the round trip, Ot DitNsa. Tr4an leave s_ *i a. a. and reourn at 9: e p. m.