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IE NEW ORLEANS DAILY DEMOCRAT.
OFIOCIAL JOURNAL OF TRE STATE OF LOUISIANA. VOL. 11---NO. 150. NEW ORLEANS, SATr II DAY, MAY 1ii, 1877. PRIOE, FIVE CENTS. -I- I- I I I i I I- Il m III mI i i I I I|I I . m. BY TELEU iRAPH. THB CGABINEI MNlTINi. A tGood Deal of Discusion and Little Done. Our Represeatatives Abroad. The DiHtrlet Commission. eSpselal to N4. . l)Unoorsta WAeatmnsoo, May 18. -The Cabinet had a sort of a general wash-day to-day, dli oudsing a little of everything and doing nothing at all. Most of the time was spent in hearing the claims of various parties who want to serve the govern ment in foreign missions. ChanSres in the tPorliun MItmtonl. It is settled that changes will be made in the missions to Austria and Brasil, but it is not settled who will get the places. Beale, milister to Austria, who is at home on leave, was at the White House to-day, and announced his in tention of going to H.an Franoisco. A member of the Cabinet Is my authority for the statement that Boale probably will not go back to Vienna. Tbhe Melcran quention. The Mexican question was not dis. aussed to-day. Hayesr Vsllt to Philadelphla. Rayes expressoes himself well pleased with his trip to Philadelphia, but brought bLok quite a severe cold. The Isttriet Comntitasln. The vacanoy in the Distriot Commis son was disoussed at length, and the same of Thos. M. Bryan, a native of the Distriot, was favorably mentioned and discussed at length. Hayes and his Cabinet are unanimous ly of opinion that the office should go to a oltisen of the Distriot. B10u EL. TUE EASTERN WAIL. Engllad to Appear In the Field en a Great Mahometan Power. Disrael Anxioun to Bring About a Rup. luare with Russia. England Ready to Occuapy Constantinople. The Indian Sepoys Plared on a War Footlng. Oae Iludred Thousand lahometan Troops for Asia Minor. Russian Intrigue In Amerlea. Rpsila Endevowrlng to Interest the United States in the War. A Proposal that the United States Should Adopt Canada In Case of an AnglolRueslan War. I[pe.ial to N. O. Demoorat.l WASrINoTON, May 18.-The Informa tlon sent in these dispatches two nights ago concerning the situation in Europe, based on the statements made to your correspondent by an eminent diplom atoi authority, is verified with singular fidelity by the London dispatches of to-day. The mobilization of the Anglo Indian forces has been going on quietly for some time, but all disguises are now thrown off, and it has been semi-offi cially published in London that the en tire sMohammedan contingent in Hin doostan is ready for foreign service. This means, that the entire Sepoy force of the Bombay presidency, to gether with the Sikh forces in the Pun Jaub and Soinde, are ready to move ndrthward into the newly conquered Russian possessions in Turkistan, or to be transferred by sea to Asia Minor. This is the most significant indication of England's intention that has yet transpired. The same diplomatic authority,whence information previously given in these dispatches has been derived, says that the selection of Mohammedan troops, solely for this service, proves conclu sively that England intends to appear in the conflict in the Asiatic role of a great Mohammedan power. He says the Musselmans in Hindostan number about 56,000,000, and occupy a middle ground of power between the English and the Hindoos. The Anglo Indian army, according to latest re turns, contains about 285,000 troops, of which something like 120,000 are avail able for service in the present conflict. The remainder is made up of Sepoys of the Bengal and Madras presidencies, who are mainly Brahmans in religion, and will not be usel in this war, but the Mohnmmedan troops are infinitely superior to the Hinaoos or Brahmins both in courage and capacity to endure the hardships of campaign ing In more northerly climes. My informant states that he has not the slightest doubt of Disraeli's inten tion to bring on a crisis in relation with Russia at once, and says that England is now ready to occupy Constantinople with 45,000 or 50,000 British troops and throw upwards of 100,000 of well trained East radian troops into Asia Minor on very short notice. The same authority makes some ourl ous assertions as to Russia's Intrigues in this country. He mentioned the violent Russian tone ofi the New York Ilerald and Times, and then added: "The tone of the tHerald is not inspired by any sympathy with the Russians as against the Turks, but is designed to pro. mote anti-British feeling in this coun try, in pursuance of a Russian intrigue which has for its object nothing less than to bring about a rupture between Great Britain and the United States in the event of hostilities between the Russian government and the former power. "I predict, most confidently," said he, in conclusion, "that within thirty days after the declaration of war between England and Russia, these same journals will be advocating the seizure of Canada by the United States. To promote and encourage this intrigue has been the business of the Grand Dukes during their their stay in this country, and the Bus slan Minister, Shishkin, has been doing what' you Americans call the "leg work of the job." This statement is given out from Eng lish sources in this city, and comes from the man who is specially dele gated by the British government to watch the Russian Intrigues In this country. BiutL,. [From Our Evening Edition of Yesterday.1 THE OFFICE HOLDERS. The Proposed Minister to Veneozela and the tharge Against Him. All the Appointments to Loualsiana Offlees gulpended. A Reported Change in the Administration on the subject of Louslalna Patronage. (t1peoi&l to N. 0. DI)omoort.J WAsnlNcoTON, May 18.--Fred Johnson having put in his application for the Venezuelan mission, the Administra tion organ here Is out this morning at tacking him on the ground that he is personally interested in the commercial enterprises of that country, and hence not eligible to ai diplomatic position there. Jack Wharton's appointment has been suspended along with the rest of Louisiana patronage. Meanwhile there is nobody here to look after his inter ests and the other factions are getting in their work. Marked changes have been wrought in the mind of the Ad ministration on the subject of Louisi ana patronage since Wharton was here, none of which have been favorable to his interests or those of his friends. Bu Irst,. FEDERAL PATRONAGE IN TIlE SOUTH. A ('hange of Views on the Part of tie President. WasmNoTON, May 18.-The rival le publicans for office in the South are pil ing up charges against each other. It needs no Democratic remonstrance to exclude the present set, If what they say of each other is to be believed, not one of the present applicants is a lit person to hold an office of honor, trust or profit. The President is beginning to see but two means of disposing of Southern offices; one is to give them to the Deon ocrats, and the other is to send down new men from the North. The present Republicans of the South (native) prom ise to be a decidedly feeble foundation upon which to construct the proposed Old Line Whig, native Republican and colored man's party. Key is about giving the postofllee at Corinth, Miss., to Major Jeff Wofford. Wofford was chief of artillery to Gen. Stephen D. Lee, while he fought in Mississippi. GARFIELD'S CANDIDATURE. It was Made at the President's Particu lar Request. NEw YORK, May 18.-The Times pub lishes an extract from a letter from Hayes to Garfield before the Senatorial election, asking Garfield to withdraw from the Senatorial contest. The President then expressed his be lief that Gen. Garfield's election as Speaker was probable, and assured him of his willingness to do all in his power to accomplish that result. Gen. Garfield, upon the receipt of this letter, sent a telegram to a member of the Ohio Legislature, withdrawing his name from the contest. An Arkansas Duel. MEMPHIS, May 18.-C. G. Newman, editor of the Pine Bluff (Ark.) Press, was arrested by the sheriff last night, on the arrival of the Little Rock train, on a telegram from Gov. Miller, charg ing that Newman had gone to Memphis to fight a duel with Major Reynolds of Pine Bluff, Ark. Newman was to-day put under bonds of a thousand dollars to keep the peace. But it is understood that Reynolds and his friends left Pine Bluff on a steamboat for Terrence. Miss., and that the duel is to come off there to-morrow morning. A Large Fire. WOODSTOCK, Mo., May 18.-A $300,000 fire occurred here, covering King, Queen, Main and Court streets. WAR NOTES. I European Ambassadors at Constanti neple. LONDON, May 17.-Reuter's Constanti nople dispatch says the German, Aus trian and Italian Ambassadors have ar rived. A Cannonade. The cannonade between Oltenitza and Turtukai continues. "The Vietorlous." The Shiek Ul Islam has conferred the title of "Victorious" on the Sultan, in honor of the capture of Soukgum Kale. The Tartar Insurraetlon aite Crimla. The Rusuian army corps at Odessa will be sent to the Crimea to prevent the spread of the Tartar insurreollon. Many ft oltahe accompany the Turks to Cau- b oesue to incite the Cireasians to a holy war. Turkish Christlans. The Sultan has determined to admit Christians into the army. A draft of v 200,000 will be made, regardless of race or creed. atning, d It is raining heavily on the Danube. The Russian March on Kars. d The Russian movement of goncentra tion upon Kars from Potl, Akhaltzlk, Alexandropol and Irwin has come to a standstill a few marches from the fron tier. 1 The delay is partly occasioned by the necessity of establishing stores for vie tualing the troops on Turkish soil, and partly by the P1usslan generals recogni- r ing the change effected In the condl tions of warfare by the unlvorsal avl, i - tion of the needle gun; and attik in manssed columns such as the RTuslai.ns undertook the other day, near Jintoum, was in former times as a rule, sucesns ful. Now any such eoats are out of the qutstion. The needle gun, even in Turkish hands, not admitting of storming columns being formed at a ditancel,. Yet It Is expected that the Russians will ilnd it difficult to change their old sys- I lteo of tactics, and, if this view is cor rcet, they will have chiefly to rely upon artillery. insurance Against Turklsh shells. It is intended to estabfleh a sort of mutual insurance company against Turkish shells in Russian seaport towns. The Rusinlans Cross the Kur. ST. PrlrrMnunno, May 17.-An official telegram dated at Achalkalaki May 15, says: The Russians have thrown a bridge over the Kur; a flying detach ment on the 11th advanced as far as the fortifioations of Kospasantable. The Turks remained passive. The Pope and the Pilgrim. Itons, May 17.--The Pope has received six thousand German pilgrims, includ ing six bishops. He said God some times raises up Attilas to awaken na tlons; Germany has at present her At tila. Gamibetta on MarMahon. LoNDoN, May 18.--The Standard gives the concluding passage of M. Gambet ta's speech, as follows: If the evil advisers of the Marshal wore resolved to bring about dissolu tion it would he the preface to a war at home and abroad. MIltlaial' ms Wew Cabine1t. PARIS, May 18., - MacMahon has an nounced hiis Oabinot composod entirely of now national partisans. Duke do lIroglie is the Chlof; M. Tonston, Minis tor of Interior-suspootod of strong Na poleonlo teiqdony, and understands the management of elections. France nid Germny. LONDON, May 18.--The Standard's Berlin dispatch says the good under istanding between France and Germany would be seriously endangered, should the clerical party attain power in France. The Engllsh lurlals' Bill. LONnON May 18.-Lords passed the burials' bill, permitting other than the Church of England service to be read in church yard--c,5 to 00. The government opposed the bill. --·--·- º~ -- · I THE FUINDING BOARD. . II. KIennedy Ilnanlnonesly Elected Fle- I cal Agent of the tnate. The Funding Board mot on Thursday accord ing to previous adjournment, all the members being present. After the usual preliminaries the following communication was read, addressed to the Board by Mr. J. 11. Oglesby, President of the Louisiana National Bankl : New On.lAeNa, May 17, 1877. Gov. F. T. Nicholla and Members of the Funding t Board : Gen m.nel-The managers of this bank, after careful consideration, decline the propoeition submitted by your board, through Mr. Black, but t authorize me to say this bink wilt pay the on poni on the entire funded debt of the Stato fall lng due July 1, 1877 and January 1, 1878, but will mnake ,o advances for tle pay ment of any portion of the hback interest. This propoeition is conditioned that all tax collectors be required to deposit their daily collections in this bank, and that the agency l shall remain with this bank during the term of the present administration, or until all balances I due the bank are paid, unless the bank elects sooner to relinquish the position. Respectfully, etc., J. 11H. OOLEBY, President Louisiana National Bank. Immediately thereupon Mr. Bush offdred the following resolution, which was unanimously adopted : Resolved That the Governer and President of this board be aqd he is hereby authorized and empowered to enter into a formal written con tract, on the basis adopted by this board, with the State National Bank, whereof Sam'l H. Ken nedy is President, as General Fiscal Agent of the State, and that he receive and accept the security required by law of said agent. We append the resolutions, adopted at the meeting on Wednesday, which form the basis upon which the President of the Funding Board was authorized to enter into the contract: It ie the sense of this board, and it is now re solved that arrangements be made with the fiscal agent to be elected, on the following basis, viz: 1. To conform to existing laws and such as may hereafter be passed relative to the agency, with the right of resigning should any laws hereafter passed be not acceptable, including the adva:ce provided for by section 2 of act 58 of the regn 'ar sestion of 1877, approved March 12, 1877, begin. ning January 1, 1878, and continuing until the successor of the present Governor, F. T. Nicbolls, is inducted ana installed into office; i. e., at least until March 1, 1881, up to which time the tenure of the fiscal agent shall continue, unless legally removed for cause or until resignation is made as above provided. 2. To pay and disburse pro rats the funds now on hand, and which may hereafter be collected, to pay the interest accruea on the bonds and claims to be funded from January 1, 1874, to and including July 1, 1876; or, in other words, pro rats on the coupons of July 1, 1874, and January 1, 1875, out of the taxes of the year 1874, on the coupons of July 1, 1875, and January 1, 1876, out of the taxes of the year 1875, and on the coupons of July 1, 1876, out of the taxes of the year 1876, as they are collected for the said years respect ively, until all the interest of each year is paid, when the surplus of any 'ear shall be applied, according to the laws of 1877, to the years yet uncovered pro rata and in conformity to said laws. 3. To provide the means neces sary to protect the credit of the State in case of deficit in past, present or f ture collections, to meet the entire interest, accured and to accrue, on the funded and unfunled bonds and warrants, converted and to be converted into coninlidated bond-, ihbout defalc,tion or delay, from and including coupons of interest due first cf Jan uary, 18i7, to and including firt 4f January, 1878, on the claims and warrants already funded, and thome whloh may hereaftrr be funded, and for that purpose to advanae whatever money may be needed whenever reautred by the board. 4. To enter Into a oontraet oonoeralng the fore. Sonlg oontemplated arrangement. The appended resolution, offered by Mr. Bush, was also adopted : lesi.rd, That the claime presented for eon. version into oonsolldated bonds will be taken up, for examination and annelderation, in regular order, ase fied, and published, and continne to be taken up in that order until the whole hee been disposed of. S. That these olaims will be taken up on Mon day, 1.at May, 1877, at 12 o'olook m., at the itpeaker'e room, $tate.-Uoise, and the hearing and examination of the easee be continaud from day to day, beginning at 12 in., until otherwise The board then adjourned until Monday, at 12 nm. THlI PRI.MUTIYrEIIANM. Seeonhi fr'a m iasson of the A osemtubly. At n o'olock Dr. $tlilmen took the chair and lle10 Uit, Assembly to order. Player by Rev. )r. frwrv, of Knlutucky. The M.oeratnr then announced the following taending ermnlmittees: TAINDINO (,:MlfMITTMttf. ,1 Pills 1111td vortouro-ll, M. tlmlth. 1), 1) '. If M Ol 11ho, 1). ..Tordln, it. T. 'lnry, T. )I. I'hofnowell, II, (I . Worth, w,'l. T. rin"o, TT), I'" . r, 1.. lt olley. T. W. Morrin. .1. I. Von dMotlor, UdtltInl (oimmnitlno -J. Woodrow, t), P.. A. It. Itn ke . II. UChlles, I.. II. Itornrlt, W. .. (I- 1 wvll. i . ItllInte, D. U. Andutron, I mnnt M. V,,itht WI ,thohnson. Onr Theloflrnl HM tlnnrlon-.-W, J. Lowry, D. ).. W. N. 1ikoy 3'. It. (Iilland. (1. N. (lrfttm. O. . (,IIhhostor, H. II, HproIth J, '. Coffin. J.Wnrr. inn, J.. W M'lPhoron., I'orlgo Mwiundh -H.11, TToaton 1., Df, I), M, - Murray, W P. D Morton, .1. H. Frior,, n. E. 0. .)turralt, W. I. H. (0 tt.l|, A. I. Htlllmnan, A. urnlor. J. (irier. tu.ntntlton--E. I. Rtntharfnrd I,1) : X,. Daniel., W . It. Verner, F. M. How ll,D. W. ilu bthrh, (loe, Alien, H. (1. Reed, It . l. Pit n. J. W. Who ,tl . 'Publication--T Welch D, D, ., K. Hlren,. W. . ,oy.A P. lNhthoIon, I) W. .3nnnno,t ', M. hosebr. J, n. Ca wti . Ako, n, W. It Hlmmeon. kystomar 1 lpnevolentn--It. H, H nlfmtpll, 1). 1, H, M. Neil, Ii. l Benke, AJ. u rtmlflgdo, t. it. rit, netI Io fItu onW. Wrligit. . .it. innor. ,Ndtiers.. ., .I omitno., EdMu tl 00. House, D. 1, J. C, Tnta, J. M. llard. U. M lo nnell, (1. .1Blattrman, T. nrrativo-J. A. (Joeby, W. 1. T)odge, J. W. lennnrs. tb.batft Hnooole-I, (1 eer-, Ii, W, ledtinUcr. W. Crow, J It King, L. ir, . W. Wilro n,.T. T. Brown C. It. anof, .1. It, iIghIM. And lttnl - (lontuhittlo -,. (I, Inoglis, J. Morley, J. Mnninhen. IlUnvotlonal htrcnole---Ap II. litfrWolI.y, J. C. raham, Er. ,. IN04+t. Iiav eif Absfefn-(1. Master Willianmn H. 11, Isler, H. W. Wtlkln.as.an. Mar nn, A. It. ','oLwrct. ItovslNfl took f (Jhurc h (iOrder-G(I'o.. Ar. Arm 1.(Grsonn T. IV'rllon, It. . .l Inall. (lcione ilion on Nomination of 1)nilo'getoc f t.he i'r'lnfytforifsn Alliane -- ', K. Ilanar, It. It. WIlhi, T'. Woodrow," . M. Well. .M.M atiton, A. It linotks .1 A. (Orson T. II, Modliln, 1. (1. Worth. J. II. Auger, . If. Ucart;r, (Iorgo Chutes. NINODIUAL HI.COOllDf. A Iahttmns-lt, 4 .. forry 'P. .. Henry. Arkianas-J . it, Jonftc, 'I'. H. M .orrio. Georga- . 1). Morton, (1 C. Ilhtd. K.ntuky -. M. HowIell, , A. ( .Carson. Memnihis . L Itwing U. P Tsrrill. Mills t"'All-J. H Goatby, W. Stewart. IM l wtcon ori-. (hi octen, It. i, Siprot.h . Nohvillvle-l.. ii i..Jorln 3 toriev. North O.trollna-T. W. n e-rwin, . It It lly. oluth t arollitt-B. I.. (harles. Dt. . tAnderson. T'oahs-J. IF. Cannon., (leorg Allon. Virgilla--J It. Thornwell, H. I. (ireovs. eiu ant0ai oports were called for, but not behng ready their reading was deterred in order to hear the reading of some complants, which were presented and referred to the Judiciary Committee. The report on snrtentation was road and re fetrrod to the proper rommittee. The clerk then road the title of overtures from varlone Presbyterles and the sixteenth annual report of the Committee on Foreign Misrions. The above reports wer referred to the proper committees. The olerk informed the Assembly that he had received official notifloations from five members of the delegation to the Alt. anow to be held at Edinburgh, that they desire to resign. Referred to the proper committee. The report of the xeuontive 'Committee on Education was read. The report-printed aoples of which weorn fur nished to the members-was referred, with ac companying docmoum ts, to the standing Commit tee on Education. The clerk informed the Assembly that he had in his hands communoications from a number of Presbyteries rrgarding fraternal relations with the Northern Assembly. On motitn, the communIcations were submit ted to the Committee on orrespondence. A letter from the clerk of the Northern As asmbly to the Moderator and Olerk of the wonth orn Presbyterian Assembly, dated New York, April 18, 1877, was read. The letter gave official noification of the action taken by the Northern Assembly tonohing frator nal relations, and asking the concurrence of the touthorn Assembly in such action. The letter was referred to the committee on foreign correspondence. A recess was then taken for 20 jninuates. At 12:25 the Assembly again came to ord The chairman of the commitlee on theo tichal seminaries, including the Columbia and I ,ion Theological Seminaries, made his report 'rich was read, received and submitted. A resolution providing for the aboliti of a publishing-house for the Assembly was I and referred to the committee on publication. Dr. Brown of the committee on pub ion, stated that the statement published that e.c retary of the committee had contract' with himself for the publication of books, was I ''I, as would be shown by the report of the con;e: ittee. The Assembly was informed by the clAer that ie had the report of the trustees of the General Assembly. The report was read, showing $21,000 now in the hands of the treasurer, $3000 ofat which -is to the credit of the relief fond. The above report was submitted to the rdit ing committee. Dr. 8mi h in the chair. Mloderator D . 3till1 man took the floor, and read the report of the eqperintendent of the institute for the educe in ooolored csndidates for the ministry. By vote, Knoxville was selected for holding the next General Assembly. The Assembly then adjourned. JUDGE KING. TFhat the New Collector of the Port has to say. Yesterday a DEmocRAT reporter had an inter view with Judge John E. King, the new Collector of the Port. Judge King, like his predecessor Col. Casey, has one quality which is always high ly appreciated by reporkrs, that is, affability, which was particularly manifested on this ooea sion. He expressed a sincere desire to meet the representatives of the New Orleans press on friendly terms, and with that view he had given orders to his doorkeeper to admit them whenever they called. Passitr to the question of changes in the Custom-House, Judge Kang said that he proposed to hasten slowly. as h.t was the only way that be could act with aenuracy anri in confirmity with the du ies imposd upin him. Certainly he would exe rci-e hi' urivli we of relecting those Sfiicr- who are t be immediately around him, Fut there was no hurry in this matter, any more than in regard to the other emyloyes of his de p-r:ment. There were besides, some emplbyes Sin the department, the removal of whom, at this time, at sll events, would be detrimental to a the interests of commeree. i In oonneo'ion with this subject, it may be aid a that there are now fourteen hundred al iloafnt for the two.handred and thirty seven poiltioe in | the bnilding. They aen't all be appointed. WAR NOTlM. Amerlia In ne.els. t MN. Y. Hirald. Americans were never before so popu lar in Russia as now. A Russian banker said yesterday : "Of course America will i seize the opportunity to destroy Eng lish commerce, as England destroyed that of the United Stdtes during the ' civil war; and the unbroken friendship between itusila and America needs even a less excuse for our dear friends, whose n land the Atlantic and Pacific oceans separate from ours, to aid us in a strug eo which America can appreciate as e Europe cannot." Absurd as this opin ton is, it seems to permeate all classes, and even English residents in Russia begin to eye Americans with suspicion. Abdul Herlimn. (London News.] The commander-in-chiof is a Turk of the good old time, about sixty-seven years old, with white hair and beard, lively round brown eyes, and dark com-rn ,lexion. lll jovial face and corpulent j body do not at all indicate a soldier of nervous disposition, consumed by ardu ous activity and ambition, but one of passive energy, capable of stubborn re- t sistance. To a man of this stamp, war t does not seem to be a complicated game, wherein the lives of hundreds and thou sands and the destinies of empires are at stake, but only a disagreeable incident of ordinary life, against which dauntless i courage and unshaken equanimity are I the best remedies. So we must not ex pect a brilliant campaign and pitched battles from the Turks, but an obstinate resistance behind parapets and natural bulwarks. In the British House of Commons, on April 2. Mr. Cartwright asked the first lord of the admiralty whether Hobart Pasha, the present Commander-in Chief of the Turkish naval armaments, still retained Her Majesty's commission; and if so, whether it was the intention of her Majesty's government, in view of the grave aspect of political relations in the Turkish empire, to intimate to Hobart Pasha that, in the event of hos tilities ensuing between Turkey and Iussla, he would not be permitted any longer to combine the character of an ofitlcr licensed to hold Her Majesty's commission, and of an Admiral in com mand of armaments engaged In active Sonratlons against a trate with which Hor Majesty is on friendly relations. Mr. A. Egorton, in the absence of Mr. W. Hunt, said Capt. Hobart is still at this moment a Catain on the retired list of the Royal Navy, but an intima tion has been sent to him to the effect mentioned in the question of the hon orable member. [Loud cheers from the opposition.] The (lrenetsian. Although'subject to Russia, the C(r oasslans have not abandoned their hopes of freeing their country with the assistance of their old allies the Turks. In 1850 they sent a deputation to Con stantinople imploring the Sultan's pro t teotion; in 1862 a deputation arrived in London, and presented a petition to the Queen, protesting against Russian rule asd the right of Turkey to cede their country, as she had done nearly thirty years before, and in 1863.,during a visit a of the Czar Alexander II to the Cauca sus, a delegation of Clrcasslans waited upon him, praying to be left in pos session or their country, and d promising to live on terms of Speace and amity with the Russians. t The Emperor refused, and offered them d the alternative of war or emigration. The mountaineers chose the former, but n their great leader, Shamyl, was sadly . missed, and after a year's fighting they submitted and there was a great emi t- gration of about 200,000 people to Tur key. The Circassians yet remaining in 4 the Caucasus are still discontented, and )t ripe for revolution,and if young Shamyl have but half the heart of his father, - the Russian armies now operating in Asia Minor may suddenly find a more f. formidable foe in their rear than in o- front of them. The Defensew of Constantlnople. It is mentioned in the dispatches that works for the defense of Constantinople are to be constructed by the inhabitants. The Turkish capital will certainly be well defended from a land attack. The Balkan mountains of themselves form a natural barrier to an advancing enemy, and if the passes are strongly fortified it would seem almost impossible for the Russians to get over to Roumelia. After the Balkans, the Turks have a line of defense, running southwest and northeast, be tween Phillipopolis and Adrianople. There is a still better barrier about 20 miles from the city where is a chain of steep hills running from Kara Barnu, on the Black Sea, south to the sea of Mar mora, separating Constantinople from the rest of Turkey. This range of hills is 25 miles long, with few openings. The hills can be very strongly fortified, and they will constitute the last line of de fense of the Turks. The OrXanization of the Russian Army. [N. Y. Tribune.] Turning to the Turkish army, the in formation which has come to hand in dicates that it is pretty evenly distri buted along the Danube, and its num bers are estimated at 250,000 men, with something under 500 guns. So far as numbers go, they are thus hopelessly overpowered by the Russians; but they have the inestimable advantage of being on the defensive, and of being in pos session, in strong fortified positions, of some of the most effective points from their side of the river. Moreover, Hobart Pasha and his fleet are at Galatz, thus effectually guard ing the river and protecting some of the more easterly Turkish posi tions. The Turkish army will no doubt receive considerable additions before fighting begins on a large scale, but for the present they have only to rely upon the strength of their fortified positions. Another point in which the Russian army is immeasurably superior is in re gard to its internal arrangement and organization. The reports state that in regard to such matters as equipment, supply and commissariat, the Russian army is all but perfect, while their op ponents are in a lamentable state both as to their commissariat and medical arransements. They cannot keep men healthy when they get them to the soene of Action, and it oes not require sny great stretob of imagination to see what an efoeot this will have upon their proetsoe. A in, they are insutflelent Iy and badly floered, and the Turkish generals will have a hard task before them in dealing with sech material. ----··ei+r.-- ....... MOvrIMeNTs IN COTTro. We are indebted to Mr. Bam'l H. Book, 8eerse tary of the National Cotton Eohbange, for his re port of the entton movement in the United 8ittea fbr the elght months, ending April 80, 1877, from blohi we extret the following: eceipte to U. 8. ports h 8om 85,7 1875.6. .Lp, I to9lose Aprl'.... 8,8,752 8,044t,84 8hipmant overlanet direct to millls ame ti.e, ...... 267,420 248,710 In transit via roads at poilnts of eroeti on Oh and Missaei.." rlv. ere to astern ldelivery ports, oloso April and stook at Olanonnati....... 10,812 25,12 4 .12,493 4,217,940 *tNrtqrin' TAIIUION. 1870-7. 1875-41. 8nooks at all U. B. porte, Sep tember I.. .......... 114,671 71,413 teoelpte at U. $, porte, from t Sept. 1 to close of April . ... a,8,752 3,944,084 Total spinners' takings.. .8,979,423 4,018,491 Foreln exports, snme tim., .2,022,728 2 792,912 thppe d to points in OCneds.. 1,442 2,802 8toc at V. d. ports, close of A .................. 74,140 585,655 Total ................. 8,198,8131 8,818,129 AnsAFAIT.ATAIOE. Ipnners' takings.......... I ,70,428 4,016,497 Exports and stoke........... 8,198,81 3,0,828,t9 BDlanee...................... 772,107 887,808 Deducb eottn in transit be. tween delivery ports, oles April .......... ....... 5,991 10,827 Taken by Northern spinners from port Sept 1t to olose ABprl....... . ... . 788,810 074,041 Ald overlnd shipments di. reel to mile ordth ad tast, of the aleo cad Mie elsuippi river, same Urae.. 257,429 248,710 Total takings for Northern coaaemptlon ~ept. let to close Aprtl.. .........1,024,215 922,711 OL, WeIIW FPCICIPLEh. What a North Carolina f*i-tonwressman Thiaks. [Olaionastl asoette.] WasuIxorow, May 14,--The Hon. J. M. Leach, ex-me ser of Congress from North Carollna, a Demoorat, and chosen on that ticket as a Tilden elector at large in the late eleotion, in writing to omflers in Washington a day or two ago, used the following language: "I am preparing a letter in answer to at tacks on me that will please neither party, and, I believe, will be about right. I not only commend everywhe;e, but honor and thank President Hayes for his Southern policy, and for showing a determination to earry out the princi ples of his letter. What we want is a government rum on old Whig principles, ignoring sectionalism and war issues." A GR@WING TIADE. Amerlean Seef for Europe. (N. Y. Tribune.) Official returns made to the Bureau of Statistics show that during the month ended April 30, 1877 the exports of fresh beef from the United States were 8416,829 pounds, valued at $821,431. luring the same period 189,043 pounds of fresh mutton, valued at $17 648. were exported from the port of Nlew York. Of the total exportation there was shipped from New York G,022,013 pounds, valued at $595,472; from Phila delphia, 2,556,200 pounds, valued at $242,839. DAHOMEY. A Warning to Sad Advisers, The blockade of D thomoy continues. When the King of Dahomey was first fined by the English Commodore 500 puncheons of palm oil, the value of which is about $62,500, he collected the money to pay the fine. But acting on the advice of the French traders, who told him the French squadron would prevent the English from blockading the coast, he spent the money in drunken orgies, and in the purchase of slaves for sacrifice. When he found that the French had deceived him, he carried them off prisoners to Abomey, where they will run a chance of having their heads cut off. DIPLOMATIC APPOINTRIINTa. Several to be Wade at once. [Obleago Times.1 WAsmHio'ro, May 15.-It is stated on high authority that several important diplomatic appointments will soon be made by the President, he having de cided not to wait till the October session before making some necessary changes in our diplomatic representatives abroad. A NEW MART WALKER. The Mother of Avenger and Retallatioa allett. [Ohiicgo Times.] A new Mary Walker has arisen be fore the startled gase of the nation. She is Seus Dunli Elltott, wife of Tom ri-jon Elliott, and mother of Retalia tion and Avenger Elliott. As she ap pears on Broadway her garb consists of a long, gray frock coat, white pan taloons with a red stripe and a crimson hat with a flaming band. She peddles Tom-rtjon's Volcano, an eruptive sheet, edited by her husband. For four years she has worn this queer costume, but, as a crowd gathered around her the other day, she wasarrested for obstruct ing the street. She maintained her right to wear what she pleased, and was allowed to go unflnpd. Gotng to Texas. The steamer Grand Bepabtio arrived here Tonraday night, having on board a detachment of Unt.d States troope under command of a cap tain of the Tenth O~valry. The detaehmentis composed of 133 colored troaPs and 15 white. They are bound for the Texas frrntier. In another column will be found the advertise ment of Alford & Hiartio, in which they give the public notice 'hat they hive a large number of horses and mutsc, which they offer at very lew prioe. all at their place ad see for youstelf.