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ENEW ORLEANS DAILY DEMOCRAT.
O' I0OXAL bLOU&RNAL Or THE STATE 0O LOUIIANziA. VOL. II--NO. 154. NEW ORLEANS, WEDNESDAY, MAY 23, 1877. PRIE,. FIVC EEINS. BY TELEGriRAPH. WASIINGTON NEWS. The fepublleaas Alarmed Over the rros. poet of Losing Ohio. Blaine Calls on the President. [Speel s to iX, o. Demoert, ] No ereolgn Appolntmesnts.r WAsaInovow, May Is,- The Cabinet I lid not announce any foreign appointl. meots to-day as was expueted, although it is ascertained from priate sources 1 that several have been agreed upon, Among these is en. Stephen Burbridge, f Matuc.ky, to bo inister to Belgiun. uOorge Sheridan is still confident that he can have the Central American mis esiOn it he wants it, although some peo ple might regard the qualifying phrase as an indloation of waning hopes. Prepartrl for the Ohio Ilpetion. Several prominent Ohio Republicans are here, and more coming, to take counsel together over the prospects for the fall election. They are all decidedly alarmed and none of them more so than Stanley Matthews, whose stay in the Senate is contingent upon the result of the election, Matthews seems to have espected that the Southern policy would demoralize the Ohio Democracy as well as that of the South, and his disappoint mont is about as great over the failure of the first hope as of the latter. OMtill hanee of Republesan mttree+, in Ohio. The Ohio ,Republoan leaders admit even now that they have very little ohanee of success, unless the Demo orals renew the greenback fight of two years ago. The Ctaleaselu Loluln. The rebellious logmen are to be coerced rt last. Ambrosial Pitklin has been made commander-in-chief of a sergeant and file of men who are to proooed immediately to the scene of in surrgftion. ean Flanders to be Investigatled. The case of Ben Flanders is to be in vestigated immediately. Some of his friends here say it Is an old slander re hashed to force Ben out, and that he will make good a defense. Blaine andt the President. Senator Blaine had an Interview with the President to-day, He said that he had not changed his position at all on political affairs, but that the views oenuitated by him last wlnte on the seeo of 56d Ssnat" w ea-4sºa. views, and he saw no occasion for mak. lng any change. lHe said he did not consider it necessary, however, that he should go on every street corner and make public harangues for the purpose of informing the curious of his views of the political situation. BUEtJ,. WARI NEWS. Gen. Thomas Fixing for tile Expedition to Mt xtroo Rumored Co0templated Alliance Between France ant Germany Against England. t S pe ,e toN, .). nmirat. WAsnaNcrON. May 22.--Gen. Thomas, the prime mover of the proposed Mexi- t can expedition, has returned here from t New York to cormplote his tllplomatil arrangements. The recent stampede of Lerdo from the movement does not I affeot its prospects, though it necessl tates some additional understanding be- I tween Thomas and our government. There is no change in the general programme. It is given out that several foreign appoint ments will be made at Cabinet meeting to-day. The European war views are not important. It is stated, on what seems to be good authority, that France and Germany are nego tiating a secret alliance, the object of which is to prevent England from seizing Egypt, and thus nationalizing the Suez (anal under the British flag. The report comes through Russian channels. If it is true, it considerably ,changes the situation. BUrELT,. THEt CIUBAN REBELLION. Promulislng Prospects of the Revolution PHILADEI.PIA, May 21.-Gen. San gull, who has been second in command of the Third Corps of the Cuban army ever since 1868, and who is now in this country on a secret mission from the Ouban government, addressed a meet ing of Cuban residents this evening on the present condition of affairs in Cuba. 'There was great enthusiasm, and the General was frequently applauded. FOREIGN. War Notes-A Rallroad Bridge Gone. LoDnoz, May 21.-The railroad bridge over the Aluta river, near Sl.teria, car ried down with it a train of ten cars carrying ammunition to the Russians in Little Wallachia. Five passengers were drowned. Rumors of Peace. Rumors of peace are circulating among Russian officers, but can not be traced. The Roamantan Senate for Independence. The Roumanian Senate voted unani mously for independence and war. The Tarkish Les at Ardahan. Russian reports say 800 Turks are buried at Ardahan. mlovements of the Two Armies. SThe Turks are ooncentrating at Tur. tuka and aistoria, where the Ruseians expected to attempt to cross In force within a few days. The .ear sta*ts for the Dautle. The COar starts for the Danube June 2, to be absent three weeks. Kread of the Caneastan Revolt. Despite of the reported suppression of the Oiroassian revolt, troops from iEre room and Arghun, as well as the local garrisons of Dugheston and Tohitchira i are now being concentrated for joint operations against the insurgents. The greater part of Tohetchentsi is it arms against the Russians. Dugheston is still quiet. The effect produced by the insurrection seems to be all the greater in Russia as it was quite unex pected, All accounts previous to the war were such as to excite no apprehen sions, The Tr.epl for I yipt, The troops embarked from lexandria IErngland and the Scas eausl. England has notified Turkey and Rus esi that she will oppose everything which might hamper the passage of merchant ships or men-of-war of neu tral powers through the Suez canal. She has at the same time informed the other powers of her notification. The 1attle nat the Mlitlan POrt. Since the fall of Moukgoum Kale a panic reigns not only at Odessa but all along the Black hea. All confidence in shore batteries and torpedoes has been lost. The Governor of Odessa has en deavored to calm the public mind by issuing a proclamation. TIII PRINCii MnUDDILE. eMariahon to llnue a i Prorlamnatlon- lie Threatens to Re.ina If (en.revratives are not Itteeted to the Assemnbly. Lolnox, May 21.-A correspondent at Paris telegraphs that the probable pol icy of the new French Cabinet is clearly indicated by the report of an interview with the Minister of the Interior which appeared yesterday morning in Le da lote. After acknowledging that the gov ernment would be ulth.ately driven to a dissolution of the Assembly, the Min Ister was asked it he did not fear that in that event the new Chamber to be elected would be anything but conser vative in tone ? He replied decidedly in the negative, and gave as his reason the fact that during the electoral period MacMahon will exercise a personal and direct action ; he will address a procla mation to the people of France, declar ing that unless they send him a Cham ber of Deputies essentially conservative he will resign his office on the day suc ceeding the electilon. On the cleticai question, Minister De a Fourton said that the government will not cease urging the French clergy to steer clear of politics, and will also take especial care to prevent free-thinkers from exciting the masses against Catho B licism and its representatives. Snallfornia Millina otoeks. SMAN FANcsco, May 21.--onsolidated a Virginia a Ca mru S. iest & Bel iMLn s~t~ I.rtlOIlATE MIETZ. A Tnown Wasting Away Uinder German Rltle. [London Standard.] In Lorraine the French population is either emigrating or wasting away, and t in Metz particularly the instances of depopulation and pauperization that strike any one who keeps his eyes open are too evident to be explained away by t any amount of official sophistry. Metz s as a city is a sinking ship. The French c are vanishing, and the Germans have e not come yet. The garrison appears no larger than that of Strasburg, and, the town being of far larger dimenions, makes less show. The garrison keeps far more aloof from the inhabitants, and no inter- I course whatever takes place between the two. To supply the wants of the garrison and of the German offlcials and thir famtnlinr-for many lof the offi trs and superior employes have their wives and children with them - German tradesmen have been imported, and their stores are the only ones that ap pear to do any business. In short, Metz used to have 54,000 inhabitants; its present population, including the mill tary, does not exceed 20,000, and of these I only about 12,000 are French, and as time progresses the number is likely to diminish. The whole of ono quarter of the town- the Quartlier St. Vincent--on the left bank of the Moselle, is literally empty. Teihe Bavarians are, it appears to me, more disliked than the North Germans. The people hate the Prussians, but they cannot help entertaining a kind of respect for them-that sort of respect that arises from fear of superior strength -but the Bavarians do not inspire any such feeling. HONOR TO WHOM HONOR IM DUE! Edinor Denwtcrot--Whiles so many persons are Drone to find fault on every oooasion where the least shortoomings of men in publio office is dis covered, it would be well on the ota.er hand, if the deserving man, whether in private life or in pub li office, who tearlessly does his duty--even in the face of organized wealth as opposition to his host ounvictiUons of duty-should no encouraged by the people and by the press. The strict attention to duty which has signal. ized th" official conduct of Mr. Charles Cavanoe stands forth in bold relief when compared with that of others from whom better things were expected. SLet it not be understood that I have any an 3 tagonism to the contractors of wharves, nor that 9 I am eulogistic of the Administrator of Commerce simuly because he does his duty, but I do like to bear testimony to th official public worth of any public servant who, knowing his duty, dares per form it, regardless of lear, favor or consequences, pol tical oý personal. Therefore, say I, let the taxpayers take note of Mr. Oavanao's acts as an Administrator of the city of New Orleans, and render him the tribute of "Well done, thou true and faithful servant," which he deserves. TAXPAYER. Now Orleans, May 19, 1877. Q -----Tom - - GRANT AGAIN. Brought Forward Rather Prematurely for the Presideney. [Gonerr-JournaL] The probability of Grant's again being brought forward as a Republican presi dential candidate is beginning to be dis cussed. Some insist that there is a regular movement on foot for this pur e pose, and that the marked attentions lately paid to Grant at Philadelphia are a part of the scheme to concentrate on him for the sucoession. WAR NOTES. Why the Ilussian Pleet Left. It has been learned upon trustworthy authority that the State Department at Washington, in accordance with Inter national comity, intimated to the Bus sian government that the presence of the fleet in the New York harbor was in violation of Amerioan neutrality, hence its departure. It is probable that the fleet will not proceed immediately to Constantinople, but will put into Amer lean ports at intervals, the provisions of international law permitting the vessel of a belligerent nation to remain for twenty-four hours in any neutral harbor. The fleet sails with sealed orders. The uainks of the Danube. The immediate banks of the Danube east of the mountains are generally low, and in many places are, in freshets, coy. ered with water for five to twenty miles bel from the river, but there are many phaerwies It heti if deXthad n oth trom the north and sotth sides quite up to the river, where the banks are from thirty to seventy feet above the water. These are where the great Turkish forti fications have been ilaced though some of them, like Widdin and 8iilstria, are built on the low lands, At the extreme eastern end of the Danube, in the Turk ish country of Dohrudscha, the land is like that between New Orleans and the G(ulf of Mexico. There is a railway sixty miles long from Techernavoda, on the Danube to Kustendjil, on the Blaeck 8eta. This railway was built by an English company, whose engineer was Mir Bam niel Biker, now known as the great Egyptlan explorer of the sources of the Nile. The land of Bulgaria slopes gently from the steep northern siie of the Balkan to the Danube, and when the river is once crossed, the Russians will have plain ground for advance un til they reach the second line of the Turkish defenses. low the HKtulanir Behave In IanmuanI . [[ondon ''elegrap h.] The Russian advance is being effected with remarkable deliberation and con spicuous consideration for Roumanian susceptibilities. The Russian troops ...... ..v nn n.tntml an tnrwn.t. make but few requisitions, and pay cash for those j they make. They conduct themselves f in an orderly, unobtrusive manner. t The number of Russian troops that has actually crossed the frontier socarce ly exceeds 00, o001 The postal administration, telegraphs, and railway service remain, as hitherto, entirely in the hands of the Roumanian government; but at each station on lines traversed by the Invading army is established a Russian ctappen-com mandant. Bucharest has been secured from oc cupation, or even the passage of Rus salns, by a spe.ial convention; and the Roumanian national forces have fallen back from their advanced positions upon this capital, which is gay with soldiers, military music, and thronged with provinical boyards and their fami lies. The Turks are rapidly etting their tOop* onflentratd t Iddi -the With the view of grt?.hgth+utag their quadrilateral garrisons. They are en trenched at Schumla, and have aban doned the idea of crossing the river in any considerable force. The inhabitants had been flying Into the iaterior of IFumania, their panic being attributable to apprehensions of irregular cavalry raids. As the river is however, tremendously swollen, and the Turks have not even commenced any serious preparations with a view to crossing, these fears are rapidly sub siding, and public feeling is recovering a more cheerful tone, to which Prince Charles' speech has unquestionably contributed in a high degree. Headqunrters will be established at Ploesti. Two more express boats will probably be dispatched from the upper river as far as Glurgevo, and then the river communications will be closed. Heavy inundations near Ungheni in terfere seriously with the Russian trans O ARII1 AND AM M NITION. Tae RuiisnsQ Arsingt Tihemeqelve I Americn. [Memphis AvaIauche.] According to current reports among manufacturers of arms and ammuni tion;, foreign belligerents are active hereabout. The Russlans have loaded three barks of the itual assortment of f deadly weapons and explosives. It is hinted that one vessel went out at the same time with the Ruselan squadron and was under convoy. Cargoes of these several crafts are simliar, com , prising about 200 tons brass metal, ,:.000,000 to 5,000,0O cartridges and 5000 barrels gunpowuer. 'in. value o, eauu lot is supposed to be $350,000. The ves. sels cleared for the Baltic. It is under stood that the powder contracts stipu lated the delivery of 25,000 barrels. The Russians are increasing their or ders for pistols. Up to the present time the total shipments aggregate 200,000. Manufacturers on the Turkish account are doing their usual amount of work, but no vessel will be dispatched until July. France and Egypt. I have reason to know that M. des Michels, the French consul at Cairo, has received instructions from his gov ernment to impress upon the Khedive the claims of his French creditors. The greater portion of the Egyptian debt is in the hands of Frenchmen, and it is the duty of the government, it is urged, to protect the interests of the people. This principle is not recognized nowadays in England; but there is much to be said in its favor,.and it most certainly will be popular with all classes of Frenchmen. It is, moreover highly probable that the principle will be equally popular in Italy, and it is more than likely, when the Khedive is thus cordially invited on all sides not to pay money to Turkey, that he will without much difficulty allow himself to be persuaded. France is not sorry to have an opportunity of showing that she still has an interest in Egypt, and she steps boldly forth in defense of her principles from behind the rampart of neutrality which she has built for herself. It must be observed, however, that the position France has taken up is maintained solely on commercial and financial grounds. There will be much speculation when these facts are known as to the part which England intends to play in this matter. She also has inter ests to look after in the shape of her shares in the Suez Canal, to say nothing of her still greater interest in keeping open the highway to India. The con tention of France is that the Suez canal constitutes to all intents and purposes a neutral territory. Will England take up the same ground, or will she force the Khedive to pay his tribute to the tn Porte? This is the question which will It have to be solved, all resolutions of q neutrality notwithstanding, p EIntllWh Opptsition to Any War. ' tLondou Correpuundent of the s. Y. Times,] d What the opinion of the country is on the point is plain enough from the it mass meetings, of whioh reports come from all quarters. Once more the coun try is awake to the fact that its honor is imperiled. Within the last two days a more than fifty meotings have been held i in favor of peace. While GreenwichLto instantly offers its support to Mr. Glad- n stone, its own member, rebukes to his opponents begin to come in from their ti constituencies and fellow-citizens The Liberal Association of 11 d "ptagob for _wbt iave sent word to .Is warmly approve Mr. Oladstone d resolutions. The Reform Association b of oeh(dale, where Mr. Bright a lives, have unaninously expressed their hope that all Liberals will give Mr. Gladstone a hearty support. ti Meetings in a dozen different parts of a the metropolis pass similar resolutions, which may be commended alike to Mr. P Goschen, who sits for the city, and to Mr. Lowe, who represents the Univer sity of London. The meetings are of every description; meetings of citizens summoned by the Mayor; meetings of , Liberals called by their local commit tees; meetings of Liberal associations and souncils which represent the ac tive, energetic, working element of the party. The St. James Conference is once more called together under the presidency of the Duke of West- 1 minster. There have been meetings i in addition to those already named in such important towns as Bath, Birkenhead, Brighton, Cambridge, Coventry, Darlington, Hartlepool, Hull SIpswich, Leicester, Middlesborouwh, Norwlih, Hastings Worcester, Stam- ford, York, Nottingham, eading, Sun derland and Dundee. There have been, besides all these, a considerable num ber of unusual expressions of opinion from ecclesiastical bodies, and from trades and worklugmen's associations. All these within two days, and almost without notice, for it was only on Tues day that the resolutions were published and on Wednesday that the refusal of the Liberal leaders to support them was known, and the meetings began on the very next day. The most remarkable fact of all is that thus far there has not been a single meeting on the other side. Neither the Tories nor the Liberals who oppose Mr. Gladetone have yet heard a word of en couragement from the people. The general conviction that the situa tion is serious-that something far more serious oven than the break-up of the 1 Liberal party is in the air-is strengh ened by Mr, Carlyle's letter. It is well there should be somebody who is not r afraid to use plain language. Mr. Glad ir slto aysay hir thin T unEl doubtedly thinks what Mr. Carlyle says, that there is danger "lest in a few weeks the maddest and most criminal thing that a British government could do should be done, and all Europe kin Sdie into flames of war." That is beyond 'f dispute what will be done if Lord Jlea conslleld has his way. tenreh at en. [N. Y. Times.] 0 WAsulmTOo, May l-. -As there is Smuch comment in regard to the proba bility of the Russlan fleet now at New 1 York going to sea for the purpose of in y torcepting vessels suspected of having arms and munitions of war on board for the Turks, it may be proper to state that Iour treaties with France, Brazil, Sweden, r Netherlands, United States of Colom tO bia, Spain, IIoland and several other nations, clearly define the manner of searching a vessel on the high seas; and in all of these treaties it is stipulated, in effect, thnat the eamntin ing vesselt haii remain out of gun shot of the vessel to be searched, and send one'or two small boats with a few men only to board the vessel suspected of f having contraband on board. The y proof with respect to the cargo must be the certificates containing the particu lars of the cargo, the place sailed from, where bound, etc., but the hatches are s not to be opened nor any of the pack e ages, unless the vessel is brought n ashore, and then in the presence of competent officers. The master of any - suspected vessel cannot be requlirefd to leave his ship. Our treat.es witn uLeat Britain and Russia are silent as to the whole proceeding. Under the treaties with the other nations first mentioned everything is left to depend upon the honesty of the ship's papers. Contra band may be beneath every hatch, un der the guise of hardware on the mani fest, and cannot be examined except by a vessel of either Great Britain or Rus sia, which vessels are not bound by the treaties above cited. Russia has always been strenuous in supporting the armed neutrality declaration of 1780, ask ing no more in regard to contra band or the treatment of her traders than the common law confers, and has, therefore, bound herself by no treaty with this or any other country. As most of the arms and munitions of war for Turkey bh~ve been shipped from this country in English vessels, it can be stated that under the laws of Great Britain the following articles are recog nized as cantraband of war and subject to seizure: Arms and implements serv ing for the purposes of war by land or sea, such as cannon, muskets, gunpow der, pikes, swords, horse furniture, belts, etc.; as also ship timber, resin or tar, copper in sheets, and generally whatever may serve directly to the equipment of vessels, unwrought iron and fir planks only excepted. The trea ties of the United States generally con fiscate contraband, leaving the vessel and the remainder of the cargo free, but no such treaty exists with Russia, and the common law applies. OUR MINI I4E1i. ABROAD. Who Will Represent the United States? [Cincinnati Oommeroial.j Mr. Partridge, our Minister to Brazil, twill be succeeded by Mr. Walton, at present a United District Attorney in -Mississippi, while Beale, of the Austrian SMission, who arrived here to-day, will, it is believed, be succeeded by James Bussell Lowell, NEW ORLEANS PACiFICF RAILROAD. TIHEI RAILRiOAD TAX. Editor Demorrat--Sine the legality of the tat to construct the above road was submittetd to the juadiclary I have abstained from discussing the qnestion of its expediency. .lilt since tre 8u; preme Court has decided that there is no legal remedy for a meditated wrong, however immi nent the danger, the subject comes up again for discussion on its merits. In view of the approaohing election on the 95th inst., I deem it my duty toexpress m r views upon the subject and to warn my fellow citioens of the impending danger. I oppose this tsx, not merely as a taxpyer, but as a attises having an interest in the wei1l being of this community, and who sees in this measnre, if carried into effect, an evil immeasurably greater than any perpetrated under Warmoth or fellogs, more destructive to the loterests of society, and whioh will act as a perpetual bar to the restora tion of our trosperity. I opp se this tax for the following reasons: 1,Te o Da. for which this tax is to be levied build a line of packets, to cultivate a plantation, or to .arry on a msnnfactory, 2. Although it is alleged that thisrailroad, if constructed, will be beneficial to the city, yet this is no warrant for the imposition of a tax for that end; beooause the same tmuy be said with eqnal trulh of every other induntriel enterprise. 8. The submiasion of this tax to the whAe peop!e, without discrirnlnation, the majority of whom are without property, and have no lixed or abiding interests in New Orleans. are here to-day and away t ,-mirrow, is as manifestly unjust as that the people should determine by universal suffrage the officers and polloy of any private moneyed corporaton--a bank for instance. It is the consutmuation of that great evil which philosophical statesman abroad have predicted would destroy our form of government, tiz: the disposal and absorption of private property by uliversal ruffrage. 4. Bult this tat would be equally wrong in prin ciple, if snbmirted exclusively to the taxpayers, inasuunoh as the msjorty of property holders possess no right to coerce the minority in regard to the rights of property. It has never been claimed under r..n form of government that the mj',rlty can r ghltfully compel the minority to invest their property in any prescribed direction, however p-otutable ihe investment may appeas to the m jirity. The right of an indivldn. to die p as of his own property in accordance with hbl own judgment, however weak that judgment may be, is one of the most sacred and inviolable rights of property, which the most despotic gov ernments have always respected. 5 The leviing of this tax would be a gigantic step towards communism or the division of the property of a omnmunit4 by a popular vote, 0. ' his tax, if levied, ill afford a precedent by which the whole of the property of the Stete ma, be voted away under the pretest of promoting productive enterprises, whion would be eootdut wive to the pubbli prosperity. This rsilroad oebt present no more claims upon the public for aid by taxation than any other railroad that may be projected. nor any line cr number of lines of stt amers that the projectors might conceive to be profitable to themselves and to the public at large. What stronger claims has this railroad to a public subsidy than a cotton or any other man factory ? 7. it is a direct and flagrait violation of the rights ofproperty,wtrich governments were main ly ins'ltuted to protect. 8. The effect of this tax will be to render all a property insecure. Then, who bau a madman would invest his capo i ital in a community where property is held by the uncertain tenure of the popular wil? Thus se itufy properlty, lhe only cause of the pros p perU .d. ntrlo5n, will be atriker d o wn under ety will exist in vainte, as theta objeci wil be rene- b dered nugatory by laws whloh render all property wi insecure. In the expulsion and absorption of de capital ev ryinterest will be paralyzed, and all he hope of plsp tity destroyed forever. no I particnarly commend the foreaoing co.etd- gi erations to the workingman of New Orleans, who, a slthrmgh o-,rhaps not directly taxpayers, are in- ti variably the greatest suaferers by public ex wi actions. I would say to yo , in the beginning, of let no clap-trap dcmagognusm persettt you re into the btli,,f that you have a right to vote w another man's property away except for strictly wi governmental purposes. The attempt would be at o crime, which is always a blunder. Bring the n case home to yourselves. If, on Saturday night, do when you had receives your wages. you were in. formed that a majority of your fellow-workmen in I the same shop ha I determijed that a certain en- sc terprise, whi h required money to put it in oper- m ation, would be greatly promoted by taking your di wages and investing them in this undertaking, mc wages which you had destined partly for the sup- m port of your family, partly to pay honest debts, zA and partly to lay aside to provide against future orintngenoies, whoa aould be the result if such a G trick were attempted on any onof you? Your -honest -idnigati-on- would-imtr;l-you-to-y, "this is m.. property, it was earned by me, and no one but myself has any right to control it. I am the best judge of how it shouli he invested, but tl whether I am or not, I alone have the al right to dispose of It, and if a malority of my follow workmen have such unnounded P confidence in this enterprise, let themn put thlir a irrope. ty into it and suffer me to entjoy the right p of controlling my own." The ease as I have made it would be an out rage; but suppose that instead oftyour fellow- b workmen---who have some knowledge of your w , iroumstances, and Whose interests are much the f same as your own-the publio at large, without h distinction of rac , color or previous ,ndition, were to attempt th a outrage upon your rights, 5 how would you regard it ? a Tois case is aualbgon: to the c ntemplated tax, which your sense of justice, I hope, will op- t pose; but, rorkir,' mren, it is your .nterest, as well as your duty. to oppose this tax. Have you con sidered the effect of taxation upon your interests? I will point it out to you. In a prosperous condi |ion of society, if an additionsl tax is levied upon t real estate, it is transferred wholly, or in part, to the tenant, and you pay it in increased rent, or in the increased price of all von consume. But if the tax is excessive, onerous by long continuance, or imposed on an already depleted community, the tax remains upon the landlord or property holder. But this stage is not reached until trade has been prostrated by the absorption t of capital, which suppor's labor and business. j Ihis latter condition, although the tax is not transferred to the tenant or the workingman, is 1 much worse for him than the former, as reduced wages and incenstant employment,are the cer Stain effect of the absorption of capital by tax- i tion, as the fund which constitutes the wages of labor has been dimiasahed. Theeffect of this tax will be as follows: The assessed value of taxable property in this city Is about $120,0t00,000, keeplo.a in view that the value of property is measured by the net revenue it produces, and that the net revenue of all the taxable property fall- short of two per cent per annum ; it is then obvious that one-half per cent per annum will decrease the value of taxable property twenty-five per cent or $3,0,r0,000 at a blow. This vast sum stricken from the sum total of the property of New Or leans, representing private credit (which il really capital,'that sustains labor and supports I businese), will have a most disastronus effect. - Hence, taxation cuts with a double edge, it not only deprives the people of the amount exacted directly from them, but in an infinitely greater degree by its destruction of values, whi h consti tutes the capital that sustains produc ive midun try. Thus the poor, thrown out of employment by the silent operaston of taxation, are the great eat sufferers, as they possess no accumulated funds to enable them to wait for happier times, or to emigrate to more favred localities. ? lABJHIBALD MI rOHELL. THE RAILROAD TAX. t Address to the Voters of New Orleans. Fellow oters--In the sral emerges ies of life it becomes every man, even the most exalted, to it explain to his fellows, with minute particulars. S all the facts bearing on any subject which may be, in the couree of human evnts, presented for their oonsideration; therefore much more may I, at a modest oapaelty and with all the reepeet to my se-lors which befits my esars, ad with I thouhB aPpreolation of the jta n ent of men who o e oppose the dv anwe of our material nteresets, no so blindly (for we know their hearts are o unison with our people), therefore I tsy may I endeavor li a feeble way to east .omae il on the troubled waters, to order that the discasetou of af fairs of sauh moment to our people may be puar sued by all In s.teh .alm and tdIrillled manner, as is right amsong edaeated ge tlemen, nor con descend to antagonisms or invetives that would disgrace us were we border Indians, istead of reasoning men with large interests to this great oity and 8tate. I will not allude in any way to events of the late political campaign. I am not oneof the disappointed ones in any essetlial par ticular, and I freely forgive any misguided men who may have taken a prominent part flatnst the right, and while they sin no more, they are uer ititzens; (by they, I mean men from bothparties), and the first work f any magnitlde presented to our people is one for the hearte, heads and hands ota united people, under one Lovernment, with a p.st, deada future, twht We may with lioviehe Amake after ang e sd aeowderd ofmet chants at the Chaber of OsMtme submlit a plan to the people for the aooomplis ent af the long unsolved problem of a railroad to Texar. tubsoriptions were taken at the otioe If thecom pany, and were solhleited by the president and direct-ry in person (thls was i' the sumrmer oe 1875). After about $I80,000, bad been promised, work wee begun and the installments were Only called in. (Treat eff nts were made to colleot these promised mean', and snach has been the effect of these effTrt that the reEulte were be yond the expectations of the directory Who have been enabled to continue work tp to the present time, Dot, follow voters, ask of every man when he opposes this enterprise, are you a stock holder ? did you pay your installments as ealled in scoording to promlee, or did you deter pay ment until tie gentlemen having in charge this great work were forced, one year after, to ome to you, fellow votets, to sae this city from ommer siel death and meoh eleal rain? I cannot reply to insiuatkmiao from our oppo nents which imply Ulit wse of any improper means in the passage of the tat bill through the Hnuse of Itepresentattves. These eharges recoil severely on those who mate them for want of proof, or attach a fearful tlmals to our own chosen lrepresentative; of therefore, cannot "onoern the honorablebody o gelntlen consti tuting the directory of the compny; ni caan I argue the advantage to New Orleans of rail ooamunlostlioon with any point out of It, as it would not be comp.imeantry to the good sense of my "fellow Votew," Our record in the our'es ls a very olear one, The court says you have a right to vote4 It does not oonsider eati jote over wbloh Its iJrisdiction is not called for. Buat ith regard to your rights, fellow citi. ens, I s.sreely think tbhey onld be called in question were a foreign invasion tiireatened and your services required to protect • the property you dare not tax1 It was not my intention to do more than assuage the bitterness of a contest which calls for discretion, not haste, and calm consideration rather than headlong passion. The geontlmeh who compose the board have set forth their intentions clearly, and the issue is before toe people. If the pavements of warm looslities be of this material, it is a ques tion which I hope, my deer friends, you may ,.ever feel so bitterly as some of otr opponents do by anticilpstih, Our appeals to you, fellow voters, have been oouobed at all times tn each terms as would best bring to your minds the true inwardness of the situation. If we find our adversaries on "low ground," we will, in sour behalf, never bholtte to attack them and for the truth of our assevers tion, like other things of life, there Is the rec ord and the verdict of a people whose servants nibuh, s i that $U~ ~,eresl vaymea, Tat SIlr ott at thou like parle tkV m alheedlesly Sberfore the tnhapreelative dentieas of the Ohio y woods I How oft masy n entire people live un f der a delsio n understood and fully compre II hended by one gifted man-fortunately this is not always the case. Stometimes we see the I. gifted man a lone theorist, maeking protblems fr ,, a o.ntury benne to solve or diving Into the founds - tions of Rome for those that have been buried with the Cirears or forgotten with the splendors , of the Eternal City, Aios i who can fathom the a recesses of the human heart? Who can tell a what motives may sway poor weak humanity y when exposed to toe temptations of "vaulting o ambition?" It o'erleaps discretion and stands e nIked to the darte of skillful foes or covers un t, der a wall weak-kneed friends. a- And now fellow voters, I have done, and never, n I hope, will a quest on of this magnitude be pre c- sonted, except directly, to the voters of otr com r- munity. Our Beprerentatives are not selected to at do more than govern with the constitutional e, means ran limits, and when publio nooessity de p- mands a greter esacrifice it Is to you, fellow dti e, Teus, the appeal should in made for that sacred re "voice of the people," is second only to the voice of a Grd. E. L, ItANtLETT. .ouiebCrn Mraw.sa ratPc I.N Thib club of young amateur performers gave their first performance of the season last night, at the Varieties Theatre, the programme com prising a faree entitled "A DI lge for a Dinner" and BHalewood's three as. drama of "Aurora Floyd." We must dismiss the farce with the re flection that it is a style of p!ay which has never been attempt d with success by amateurs. We will speak as frankly of the drama ss of the farce, for we know that our asrateurs appreciate honest criticism, and in this show that they pos sess a great dhal more sense than many profes alonals, if not so msah talent. We admit that Cefaln, the eNoe torg'~foce or the drama; Mr. Ooinslk, as Jrohn AfeUlJ,, Mr. Stevenson, am Jamnes cmyers, and Mr. Hoffman, as A l Harrison, read their respective arte con seieotionsly, but we will do neither thb bad ser vice of comp lmentiug them on their prononeta tion, their diction, and more particularly on their acting, for there was little if any acting at all manifested by them. They all seemed to have been entirely forgetful of the necessity of plfoy inlg, and as to their read ng, manifestly they need a severe mentor. Our young friend Oolineky, al though pleasant at times, did not seem to have any more conception of the character of Meolis/k than Miss htroudback of that of Mrs. PoI'eoW. This is unusual, and may be attributed to the fact that the character is not only somewhat new but also very difficult, involving, as is does, the personation of a cool-headed yet Impulsive young man, who finds himself in a remarkably perplex ing situation. Miss Wilmot was the Aurora Floyd, and we have frequently seen her do much better. Per haps the large and brillisant audience induced her to attempt a "hit," an atemp which led her into exaggerations and affectations entirey in compatib'e with the nature which the dramatist has sought to clothe Aurora Fikoy. A long period of years had elapsed since msa tenrs charged an admission fee at the doo, all their performances being "complimentary," ex r cepting one or two each season on the oceason of the benefit of their professional assistants. Last night, at fifty cents, the house was perfectly crowded and, from a pecuniary point of view, the Seritertaioment was a grest nsucces. Hlarvard Having Its1Treubles. [N. Y. Herald.] t Harvard College is unfortunate this year. The class day exercises are to be omitted from the annual ceremonies d because of the jealousy of the secret. societies of the students and their in ability to agree upon a set of officers. The athletic sports will also be dis pensed with, and the belles of Cam bridge are naturally in a state of deep despondency. The outside public, look ing upon the discord these secret aseeo e clations cause will not have a high opinion of their usefulness and will be Sgia to see a serious movement for their total abolition.