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THE NEW URLLEANS DAtILY DEMU0CAT.,
OFFICIAL JOURNAL OF THE STATE OF LOUISIANA. VOL. I1-NO. 155. NEW ORLEANS, THSDAY, MAY 24, 1877. PRICE FIVE CENT : ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ rr~r i li •r I iiiIWD il ll /lmi amH imr lIiiIam u t BY TELEGRAPH. TIHE PROCLAMATION OF NEI - TRA LITY. Both Russia and Turkey Oppose It. They IVeire to Procure Arms in America. [tpeLal to N. O. Democrat.] WAsnismTON, May 23.--It is under stood here to-day that the State Depart ment has an understanding with both the Russian and Turkish governments to the effect that neither is anxious to have a proclamation of neutrality, sinoe both are being supplied with arms by Ameroian manufacturers. BUELIL. EALD AND HI1 JETTIES. The Next payment to Eads to be Sus peaded until a Further Examination of the Jettles is Made. The Channel, Both Above and Below the Jetiles, to be tSuveyed. Possibility ot New liars Forming. 18peeial to N. O. Democrat.] WAsmiNOTtox, May 23.-There is much mystery about the movement against Bads, mentioned in these dispatches re eently. The Secretary of War says he has not seen the charges mentioned, whioh is true. But further inquiry de velops the fact that while the Engineer Board has made no formal charges, cer tain members of it-havepersonally re. commended that the next payment be suspended until a more thorough system of sounding and measurements be ap plied to the jetty channel. What this new system is cannot be ascertained, but the representations personally made by members of the Engineer Board to the Secretary are tc the effect that the present system ol survey is confined to the letter of the law, and is restricted to the jetty chan nel itself; whereas the spirit of the lave should be observed, and that channe be surveyed both above and below the ends of the jetties to see whether nei bars are formed, before another pay ment is made. BVELL. THE CIIARGES AGAINST FLANDERS Some of the Queer Transactions in the Nub.Treasury Department at New Orleans. The Manner in Which Treasury Agent Seised Cotton in Te'xs. No Money Accounted for to the Goverm ment. Flanders' Agents Under Indictment. He Gets Them IJe'eased. (Speldi to N. 0. Democrat.J WAsnHmorox, May 23.-The following are specifications filed yesterday against Ben Flanders: While in the capacity of Deputy United States Treasurer at New Orleans, he appointed, in the latter part of July, 1870, a special treasury agent and sent him on duty to the State of Texas. This special agent opened an office at Houston, in that State, on the 2d of August following, and during twenty-two days of his official career in this capacity seized in Brazos and other counties, through the aid of contract deputies about one thousand bales cotton, together with wool and other property, and transported the same to Houston and Galveston. He there sold it for his own private bene fit and that of his associate, for which felonry he was atterwards indicted at Galveston. In the month of July pre viously the United States military forces seized about one thousand bales of cotton in a different county and stored the same at Houston and Gal veston, to await the arrival of a Treasury agent. This afforded Flan ders' agent an opportunity to make out a fraudulent return, and account to the government for an amount of cotton equal to what he seized, the military making no reports of seizures to the Treasury Department; but to effect this felony and cover it up, it became neces sary to obtain from the Special Agent that succeeded him in office his receipt for cotton found on hand. This his suec cessor did not do, but took charge of the cotton at once. But Flanders, one month afterwards, came to the rescue of his deputy when the latter was under indictment at Galveston, and used the influence of his office at New Orleans to obtain from the succes sor of his deputy a receipt for a part of the stolen cotton, thus trying to make it appear that the government received its proceeds; and for the double pur pose of getting out of the fetters of the law again, Flanders appointed another special treasury agent, and sent him to Ban Antonio, Texas. This special agent seized at Major Peniman's house, fifteen., miles east of San Antonio, 486 bales of cotton, brought it to Galveston, and made away with the proceeds of it. While this agent was acting under the letter of appointment of Flanders, A he seized at and near San Antonio tens of thousands of dollars worth of proper ty, but neither he nor Flanders have8E ever accotinted to the government for a rat dollar of it. Flanders (did not send the name of this special agent to the Treasury De- en partment at all, but did in the October following recommend him for appoint- pr ment to the Supervising Treasury Agent, Geeoo. S. Denison, then at Gal- or veston. an This second agent, an agent of Flan- i ders and not of the government, was as afterwards arrested at Shreveport or in Memphis by order of Major Gen. E. R. 8., Canby, and imprisoned at New Orleans. of Here again Flanders used his Influence of and authority of his office to fix up vs papers of his agent, and had him re- be leased and allowed to report at Wash- i ington. BUELL. Prreehyterlan Asmembly. CHICAGO, Ill., May 23.-A telegram a? was received from the Preshbyterian As i sembly of the South, in session in New L' Orleans, which says: "The Southern to Assembly disapprove of that part of the " Northern Assembly's greeting which omits reference to the main part of ~u their paper sent to Brooklyn from Sa- un vannah. and says: "If our brothers t of the Northern Church can meet us on a8 those terms, which truth and righteous ness seems to require. then we are ready °' to establish such relations with them during the present session of their As sembly." 'nited Methoilets. BALTIMORE, May 23.-The boundaries ft of the district of North Carolina were ' changed to include the Greentield, 8 West Virginia, circuit. The committee ml on boundaries reported, defining the ,, PittsMburg West Virgitria awl Mtcbigan districts, and reccmmending the abol- sl I ishment of Tennessee and North Caro- of - Jina, as they were included in other dis tricts. The report was discussed at length. No action. D!.conelhInue. t SCLEVET,AND, May 23.-The Residence a Insurance Company, organized here in t 1873, with $200.000 capital, has resolved f to discontinue business. Fires. PITTSBURG, May 23.-David Chambers & Co.'s lead works burned. Loss $100, , 000. FOREIGN. e WAR NOTER. LoNwoN, May 22 --A Reuter's dispatch a from Constantinople to-night says: Since the capture of Ardahan, the Rus sians appear to be preparing fora vigor ous attack on Kars. The Turkish Ministers have resolved to draw no salary during the war. I The Stcrulard's dispatch from Erze e roum reports that the Russian centre i has driven the Turks from their posi tions at Karodehouran, a village near Kars. The Standard has the following from various points: All indications betoken that the Rus sians are making a serious movement on Western Bulgaria. The Danube rose nine inches between I I- Sunday and Monday. The Servlans are making offensive preparations at Saltschar and along the Timok. The Council of Ministers at Be!grade resolved that Prince Milan shall inform the Czar that after Roumania's pro clamation of independence Servia can not remain neutral. Roumaiia's declar ation caused great excitemen tat Vienna. All Hungarian papers declare the hg our for action has arrived for Austro st Hungary. A letter from Kossuth is published, urging an alliance between :Y Hungary and Turkey against the com rt mon enemy, Russia. ar A Russian decree orders the forma tion of two more Cossack divisions on ' the Don to reinforce the operating army. d Abasians ,are full insurrection; the n Turks have armed them. The Sultan has ordered 20,000 revolvers to be paid g for from his private purse for distribu er tion in Caucanus. D$ There are five great Indian troop ships of at Portsmouth, in readiness to proceed Ito sea if required for other service. A thousand barrels of powder were 2d embarked for Malta to-day. se The Turkish Council of Ministers re Ie solved to send all reinforcements arriv ing to Erzeroum and Batoum. e- The fall of Ardahan secures the Rus oh sians in their position before Kare, and at o;pens a new line of operations agaiDnst re Erzeroum. Russians have replaced the Ron ry manian troops at Oltenitza; the re es lieved Rounanians marched towards nd Little Wallachia, where the Roumani al ana will concentrate and remain on the defensive. a ST. PETERSBURg, May 22.-A dispatch n- dated Botschi, Tuesday, reports that ut the Turks attacked the Russian posi he tion at Adler. A severely contested en gagement ensued. On A Turkish man-of-war has been vio ry lently bombarding Adler sin¶: 10 he o' clock this morning. . . . . .. -.. . .A s.rprlse Party. It is generally pleasant in the DEMocnRAT ofice, where good feeling and harmony are the order f the day all the time; but yesterday was made still more pleasant by a surprise party of the printers, the job office, the pressmen, an4 the employee of the office, who caught our business manager and aseoc.ate, Mr. George Dupre. as he was return ing to the cfti.e, and wr hout any prtmnni. tion or sign of warnir g, presented him with a beautiful gold-headed c&ne, wi:h the flattering inscription, "To Geurgo W. Dupre, from his employes, May 23, 1877." Mr. H. H. Baker made the presentati.,n speech, which was appropri ately respond d to, after whion a basket or so f )umm & Co.'s deli cious champagne was seut for by the well pleased manager. which was made short work of by the whole army of printers and employes. By a curious coinei once, the whole eoitolial staff, some of whom happ 4ed to be absent as the pre sentation, manage 1 to be untnimoun in their at tendanoe when the champagne came in. The Singer is the only sewing machire na erropulonu men have ever sttem, ted to imitate. What better oroof is wanted of its superiority ? (ofce, 91 Oanal street. STATIE IBOtRD OF LIQUI)ATION. o -- et REwOITIONst ADOPTED at Afferting the Validity of Certain erle L of Bends. The State Board of Li luidation met at the or State-Hon-e yesterday, a quorum present. B Speaker Buth offered the following seties of 0 reaolutions. which were adopted: NO. 1-C-ONSTBUIN ACT No. 11 OF 1875. At Whereas, eat No. 11, approved April 17, 1875, r' entitled 'An act enpplemeutal to oat No. 8, sp- tr prov d January 24, 1474," etc., provides, among 8t other things, that. the Board of Liquidation is prohibited from funding obligations of the state, and from issuing any outstanding bonds of the pi mtate, or warrants, or coupons until snohb bond,, p1 or warrants, or coup ,n, asa I fBrt, by fiual de eree if the Supreme Gonur of the Mtate of Loasi- f ana, have been declared legal and valid ibliga tious against the stat, of Lutsiana; that the s( same were ,ssu'nd in etriot conformity to law, not So in violation of the constitution of this State, or hi of the United blates, and for a valid considera tion; Whereas, by the said act No. 11 certain Issues no of bonds and warrants were specifically detlaed ques loned and doubtful as to their legality and validity, and the said Board of L quidation ex presely prohibited from iseuing consolidated be bonds in exchange therefor until their validity, rt legality and consideration had been tested under the provisions or said act, and a fliral decree ren- n dered as to their validity, legality and considers tion, a statement of which questioned bonds ri enumerated in said act, numbered 11, is herein after given; Wtereas, the Supreme Court of the tsate of Louisiana did, on April 30, 1877, decree and order "l that all bonds questioned by act No 11, extra l session of 1875, must have th ir validity deter mined by a direct action before bling fundable; Wherea+, none of said questioned claims have, h so far as we are informed, been tested and naesed upon as req tired by said act No. 11 of 1875, and the said decision of the Supreme Court of the State; and Where is, this Board, under and by virtue of said law and the ruling of the tnpreme ourt., has no discret'on, and must obey the legislative ant judicial mandaties; Therefore, it is now ordered, that all the bends ano cslairne enumerated in said sot No. 11, hero after given in derais, are herrby oeclared not fundable until they shall have been adjudioated a and passed upon by the Suprimi COtrt of the state, in a direct action losti uted, ,n which they shall have been questioned, and the said conuri shall, by final decree, declare such bonds and claims legal and valid obligations ag'inst the State o L niMilani thlat the same were issued in strict eonf,,rmity to law, not in violation of the constitution of this sltate or of the United States, I and for a valid consideration, to wit: FIRST CTASS. The bonds considered and held as belonging a to the redemption of the 8tate debt funds, and i the tree schtool unds, esoecielly the latter, which are held by this board as inalrens Is, because they were mead such by artcle 137 of the c,ns i Sintiln of 1852; by section 81 of act 32, approved March 15. iR 5, page 429, ita utes of 1855, and by article 144, .oustitutiln or 1864, and by article 139 of otnstitution of 1868; and, theref ore, could I ot,, hi sold or converted, as ordered by anot 81 of 1872-that is to say, bonds of the State of the v.ronios issues wihob had been redeemed or never lnsued, and which have been reported by th Auditor . f Public Aoo'unts as m se.ng. or wh ch I were sold un ler act r , approved May 25, 187,, and isnnedl or reissnje, comprised in the first clamsI, viz: i. Bonds of the New Orleans and Nashville RIilroad Company. 2. Bonds of the Mexican Gulf Bailroad Com 8 Bonds of the N. O., Jackson and Great Northern Railroad Compony. 4. Hondas ,f the N. (1., Opelonsas and Great Western Railroad Company. 5. B ,nes of tl.e Vichsburg, Shreveport and 'Texs Railroad Company. 6. Bods ,f th.e Baton Rouge, Grosse Tote and Opelo usas Railroad Corn mvny. i 7 Bonds for the relil f of the Sta'e Treasurer. 8. Bonds issued for the free school fund. SECOND CLARS. t 9. Bonds issued under act No. 35, approved D, cember 23, 1865, for expenses of building I levers. 10. Bin's issued under act 115, approvgd March 26, 1867, for expenses of buildiing levees. 11. Bnds eisaned under oact No. 8', approved Febsuary 25, 1870, for work done or to be doze on the levees. 0 12. Bonds of the New Orleans, Mobile and n To xas Railroad, is.u'nd under act N,. 26, ap . prov d Februsry 17, 1869. n 13. Bonds isdsed to the New Orleans. Mobile and Texas Railroad Company under aot No. 95, approved April 20, 1871. 14. Bonds issued to the North Loutsiani and STexae tailroa I Co-pany under at. No. 97, ap Spr, ved April 10, 1870, anrd cet No. 108 of 1868. s 15. Bonds is-ned to the Mitsias,ppi and Meri t can Gulf rhip Oanal t(ompany, under act No. 1. 116, approved M rob 8,1869. 16. Bvnr's issued for relief of P. J. Kennedy, under act No. 105, of March 25, 1870. 17. Bonds purporting to have been issued for redemption of certidfcates of indebtedness under act No. 5, 1866. 18. B nds issued under act No. 146, approved le January 3, 18711, for aid to the Boial and Crowo n cdlit Navigation Company. L(f NO. 2-NEW ORLEANS, AMOBIT.E AND CI'ATTANOOA RAILROAD COMPANY. Whereas, act No. 86. atprovrd April 17, 1876, page 130, Statutes of 1876, prohibits this boars i om funding any of the guatanteed bonles of the New Orleans, Mob le a d Chattauonga Railroad Company, and of the two and a half n illions of bonts issued for stock in said conpanv, on the grounds that said bonds are invalid. Illegal and unonstititional, and that the funding thereo would volate toe letter and spirit of act No. 3, approved January 21, 1874, impair the credit of the 8tate, and thereby lessen the value of the etate securitlo' to the prejudice of the holders the reof; and, woereas, the said act No. 8( is im perative ad aIav.:s to this board no discretion wnatsoeve ; It is now ,ordered that this board will not re ceive fir funding, and wily not fu-.d any of the smcond mortgage guaranteed bonds of the New Orleans, Moblre and Chattanooga Railroad Com pany, pretended to have been iensud under act No. 26 approved Febro.ry 17 1869. nor any por tin of the two and a half milhions of bonds pre tended to have been issued for stock in said asil r -ad oompany. under act No. 95, anppoved April 20, 1871, the said act No 83 declarieg and pro claiming that the State hat. received no conied oration whatever for said issues of bonds; that they had beenu illegally issned, indorsed and de hivered, and that they had been issued in direct violation of h constr ution. No. 3 --RELATIVE TO THE. KELLoGGl BOARD. Whereas, we are informsr rumors are circu lated to the effect that this b ,ard will review and attempt to cancel and nnliify oonusoli tated bond. issued by the lId board, whereof Wm. Pitt K-1 l-,gg was president, in excbange for bonds, war ra tso or coupons, in the category of those above enumerated, aud likewise of other series and isueen; and whereas, this board is by law entirely confined to a resi w and examination of the bonds, warrants and coupons not yet funded, and to an exchange of these, when declared fund able, fr consioll itted bonds authorized to be issued by act N i. 3 of 1871; I: in now o dered thae th:s beard will confine their ac ion exclinevely to the con&idera i n of and act u ,,n snc i untunded bonds, warrants or coupons as may be presented to them for fund iag. and will ,ot investigate or go bel ind the action of the pie -eding hoard of Liquidation as to bonds already funded, or in a- y mauuer c.ll in queotion any of the bonds streadv is ued and ex changed thr bonds. varrants or conpons of the State it b .ing the opinion of this bourd thas ihe .un-olidated b nds already issued and perfected according to the require-enots of the law are be yond th ir control or jurisdiction, even if they were inclined to act upon them, any inutetion o' doing which th-y again disclaim. At er the adoption of these resolnuions a die ensai ,u oicurred upon thu subj ct of the bands issued for the "free school" a d "redempuon of tate deb6" funds. Taere was an exhib t presented purprting to onntain the numbers of all the unfundable out standing bonds of the series inclnded in the T above-rsmed funds. This exhibit had been used by the old Board of Liquidation, but as it was, to all appearanoes, not an official document, although correct, Mr. 1 Bush urged that the board could not have any T official action upon it. t The exhibit was made out from a receipt of p Auditor Peralts in 186G for the bonds which were enumerated. The bonds after the war were turned over the, roper local officers by the United States GOvernment. Mr. Campbell, a clerk in the rreasure's office, in which he has been em ployed for the last ten years, was called and ez- C plained with regard to the exhibit which he had b prepared. He also explained emeerning the sale of the free school bonds and others in 1872 under sot 81 of that year. There are 13 of the free sohool bonds missing, supposed to be still in the hands of the United State Government. Mr. Campbell has the receipts for each bond sold, which he was requested to produce on e Thursday morning. a Mr. Peralta was also summoned, the object . being to prooure if possible the orixinal of the o receipt mentioned above, so as to obtain the 0 number of the bonds. The to'al amount of the bonds enumerated in resolution No. 1 in class first is $1 044,600, of which $6t9,000 are from the free school fund. A protest from Messrs. Forstall & Sons against the resolution adopted on Tuesday, was read and laid over. The board at 3 p. m. adjourned until the usual hJur on Thursday. THE RAILROAD WAR. Meeting of the Opposingl Citizens of the neceond Ward. a Pursuant to call, one hnndred and fifty persons t opposed to the Pacific Railroad tax gathered at e Minerva Hall last evening., t The meeting was called to order by Mr. J. A 1 Shakepeare. O" motion Mr. A ohibald Mitchell was elected president, and Mr. Thos. Reynolds secretary. Mr. Arhobibald Mitchell addressed the meeting at some length and was followed by Dr. Brickl', f After the doctor had concluded his peeoh Jhe I president read the following resolution, which 1 was unanimously adopted: Whereas, ths meeting vrroves of railroads, as they do every other enterprise undertaken by private indiV duals to promote their welfare. But this meeting is nnalterably opposed to levying a tax to aid in the constructi' n of railroads, linies of steamers., mannfctortes or other private en 1 terprises. how ver advantegeous they may appear to th- commnoity: therefore be it Rrtolnfrd, That this meeting opposes the levy. ing of a tax to aid in the co ,strnction of the New Orleans P'aciti. Railroad beooause it will be an in s vasion.of the rights of property, a moral wrong r and a poli'ical blunder. 1,.soloed, Tst if the merchants and business h men of his ci y de'm this railroad essential to the business prosperity tf New Orleans the) should, like the same class in other cities, build the road. Resolved, That if this road is entitled to public aid, every railroad and individual under'aking would be qually entitled to the same sesistanoce. The con eqUenBe would be an entire destruotio t of ,ronerty and basiness. Resolvedr, That we cannot comprehend ho- 836 ,t miles of railroad, osrting ab ut $1t,000,(00 can be cons rooted or purchased by this tax, which d if a eol'ected-an impossibility--cangot exceed $2 4'0.000. Re.olnvd, That we see in this undertaking a necessary failune, as the stock voluntarilysub r. suoribed and the contemplated tax are not snffieient to construct more than one-fourth of the contemplated road. ihesolnted, That it is obvious that if this tax is d roll et d, or attemtated to be, an immense amount g of misery will be produced, whilst the railroad, for want or means, will never be completed. but d will tleav nu impoverished aId the roal a failure. i Thh meting then adjurned. . THEY STICK TO IT 'STILL.. tr Another Expedition after Latlte's Treas- hi tare Formlng. Doubtless many of our readers will remember i that some eight or ten years ago there was some what of a stir raised by the report that an expe- . dition was being fitted up by private parties here sl bound for someofthe islands in the Gulf for the d purpose of searching for buried treasure sup tl posed to have been hidden there. A printer then employed on one the daily papers here, had in n his possession a map that had been left him by a a relative, which pointed out a sp ,t on Cat Island, on one of the sand mounds there, where chests of treasure were to be found. d John Newell, for that was his name, started , four times to make the search, but by some t strange and mysterious, ~incidezce each time he and his party came t., grief just as the island was almost in reach. On the last trip Newell went by himself, ar:d when outside his little ya'ht, ap propriately named the "Reckless Babe," found- 1 ered and her owner drowned. For the last fift years these s'ories shout buried wealth have been sntre, t here, esceoially among the Cre, la families, and to-day there sr many who believe in: the story and have fal faith in thoee old traditions. As a sample f this confldenca, it is learned that since the publication of the recent organ z:i tion c.f a stock company, at the North, to search for Capt. Kind's buried g^ld, there is on foot here an expedition to go after Lafitte's, and a ach oser is to be chlartered soon to carry the adventurers and their implements. One of the parties who was interviewed by a Dat c.AT re porter yesterday, s ated that there could not be so much smoke all these years about these chests of Sopaisb gold wi bout there being some fire be hind it, and the map he had showed exactly where the lucky spot is. The party propose to 1 leave next week and remain away for a month. tENSATIONAL. Rumored !llilnX of Jamna A. Laws, of East Eellelana. Ex-Jndge Jno. S. Dula, colored, the poetmas t'r at it. Francisville, arrived m the cily yester dy from West Feliciar:a, and reported at the Oustom-House that Jemes A Laws, a prominent Republican negro, Lying at Jackson, East Fell cians, was murdered on Raturday night last, egiving the pirticnlsrs thi-h wert pictured in a I, purely tr tietl e e ati it at light. - Gov. Nich its was apprised of the report during the eves i'ta, an] took tmmentiate steps to a-c r tain the particn!ars by telegcopb. Shou.d htey e confirm the rep r', he mty ,n tke a trip to Jack t son himself to quiet nets affairs. gaain-t the Tax. e At a large meeting of col red citizens held in ti e Ten h Ward la-t evening Mr. Wm. Logan off red the f llowing recola itL: e Be i1 res Iced. Tat we, the members of the Ihou h Wald club, ar- opposed to the taxation far 4 the Psa.ifi tai ro ar; we are against casting our votes for it, and we ask all colored men of the y pai sh of Orleans to vote against i', because itia o noxious to all the poor classes of peop~e in the e.ty of New Orleans. a There is no excues for boming a cheap or old af machine at E2~ when 14 a g-ts one of the latest impeovaed Binger's, with all attachments. Office, 0 91 Canal traet. TWF'EED NOT TO RE REEAglEa. I1 Tildeni aind Conklinw Oppesed to Gilgt (1 Him Liiberty. [(Cincionati Enquirer. ) Ngw YORK, May 20.-It is now stated o Spen quite trustworthy authority that Tweed will not be released,and that his b testimony will not be used either in a pending suits or suits which might be n brought against hitherto innocent par ties upon the basis of the prisoner's i, revelations. It is current gossip in u political circles that this decision has o been reached through the influence of b Governor Tilden, and possibly Senator i Conkling, but for what reason can only L be conjectured. A TAIEA.IRE TROVE. . i How Turkey Will Get Money for Her War. (Courier-Journal.] The Turkish funds having given out, the Bheik-ul-Islam has sent a commis- a sion to the Snerif of Mecca to demand , a fat contribution from the treasure of Islam, a fund composed of the offer logs of pilgrims at the shrine of the Prophet, a over which the Sherif of Mecca stands guard. It Is understood that when the e Mohammedan faith is in danger, this a treasure must be used to defend it. As o it has been accumulating for 462 years, , some French writer calculates that, it m now amounts to $120.000,000. O JUDtIAIL TE tLINGM. A Gold Mine to Federal Offielia in the Mouth. [Hartf rd Times. I WASHINrTON, May 10.--The Attorney General has recently been informed by an agent that he authorized to go South that one-half of the very l rge judicial a expenses of the United States courts in t the State of North Carolina are fraudu lent. It appears that the United States t marshals in that state havean amusing. , way of making out a lot of subpoenas for witnesses in all parts of the country. Although these witnesses never serve, the marsha is certify that they have done so, charge in the mileage, per diem,etc., and send the receipt for the same, which i they also azgi tihet-l-es8,t to -th-De partment of Justice as vouchers showing I that they pail out the money. It is as serted by this agent that nearly one half of the money that should pass through the hands of the deputy mar shals, United States commissioners, etc., in that State, sticks to their own r hands, and that the United States judge, United States marshals and nu merous deputies are engaged in a huge Sswindle against the government. This agent asserts that he can prove from false vouchers on file in the Treasury a Department the stealing by those offi o cials of at least $75,000 during the past Syear. ie says, furthermore, that since d the present administrai i has come into existence the stealing has been g larger than ever, as most of those hold ing positions of the class indicated are hourly expecting to be removed, and they are determined to make bay while the sun shines. The same state of 0 things exists in every one of the South Sern States, the amounts stolen outright during t he year amounting to more than a one million dollars. Ti NEW ORLEANS PICIFIC RAILROAD H TAX. of E.rlir Dertocral.--Permit me once more to oc- st cupy your coltmmn upon the sntul ot of the above ta tax. It is admitted by every candid man tl a ti this tax, or any tax tor other than strictly govern- t mental purp )ses, is an outrage ap'n the rights t of prop.rty, vie ative of principle and fraught with evil. It is also admitted by all Intelligent, W honest and unprejudiced minds, that snffrage, al either nuiversal or I mited, has no right to oun- te trol the difpsittio of private property; and a hence, any tax imposed for other than strictiy le governmental purposes is wrong, and the impo sition of it by vte is a daegerous outrage. But this assault up n property Is persistently de fended by the tyrant's plea-the plea of neces- al pity-under which more evils have been inflicted, t more wrongs perpetrated, more oppreoseons con- St summate d, and librty more frequently stri ken si down, than by 1II he other device a and pretexts ( to which designing men resort to accomplish ai their ends. I entirely reject the plea of necessity; no bus nees prostration, however distrepslng, can jlo ify C a moral wrong or a departure from the plain obligations, dutie and func'ions of government. It is beyond question the day of the advocateq i f tris rad to establish b yond ail reasonable doubt that this road is an agsohlte necessity. I maintain that not a single argumenlt, not a single reason, has yet been adduced to establish that d this rad, if built by a tax implsed upon the city k of New Oilea :s, will be o any advantage what- b ever, still less a ne, esaity that would justify a ) measure that re d, ra al; props rty insecure. The advocates of the tax have failed to estab lish the necessity of the road, or that i- com pleted by t xation that it will ever be an advan tage to this community. Now I maintain, and 0 wishb to put it on record, that this road tf built by 8 taxes wlong from this city, instead of being a in advautage or c .ltributing to th.- r,ro perity of i New Orleans will have t..e c ,Ltrnry eft ci. c ilIe whole ntbject Ii a with n the purview F of political econcvm; that ecience which considers all ju'stion. that have a bearing upon the pros petry or wealtlof c nmmnn .ee. i'hat scierce which in practical i p. r ance, and in its r lItion 8 to the ordiunay affairs of life, as B ekle justly 8 observes. excee,'s in value all other sciene a and a studies to which men have applied their intellr a e. The advocates of the tax, with Irw exceptioas, admit that the rnvestm n, wil not be remunera tive to the stockholdirs or owners. Could the 4 stock be sold at par there would be no neceesty ° for the tax. Ther f.,re, I d,duce that, if this road is built in the manner proposed, that it will, instead of bdi g an advantage, be detrnmental to the interests of the people of New Orleans. al though certain professtons and certain individu. I a may be benetited. Tors concu.sion is arrived at, from the well estab:iebed, nay. fundamental principle of economiota science, which is: 1 " Phat no industrial enterprise can be I profitab'e to a commnitty that is not profitable to the owners, who draw their e capital from that community; or, in other word', when capital is embaiked in an enterprise tiat t yi as a less inte eat than if otherwise invested, it is not only a loss to the individual owners, but it is to the a nount of he C·r l-rence a loss to the awu. I ,ommunity-n d no remote, indirect or co - la eal ladvantak. s can c..mpe.ate for th s lmoe. Unon this principle I ake amy stand bhalre the world ar.d essert that if this road is built from Saxsa ex orred frm tois ci:y, mttued of b ing a necessity that wi n d justify the vy lation of the rights of pr.pcr y, it will be deri',enral ra her ttian otherwl e to the in:trests of New Orleans. But I am nit opposid 'o th a road-or any l other road that may be built by the ep naneous n action of capitalis's using teir own fuuds ~ an investment-as saue enterprisee will in all prth abiity 31 1d an snterest on the investment, and thus con:nbu e to th·- public wealih. te Ay o jection to hall it, g this road by taxati n ir isin th. withdrwtd of apital from more ,rodIt ir able itveetm. n e end pl cidg it iu those that are to leass remunerative. is e: me giv- )on an fnl'ance. 'uppose a man a Prld his bh rae ,.nd dray, by which he made 050 per month, ani inve-tad 'he pr.cee ýe in a see 1t g . aetaine which eny yielded t20. In oppo Id gi this tran'actitn I wt uld not be opposes to is aewing machines, but would c odemn the trans ae, ctio ton a bumness point of view, a. un-smaunr ative to the owner aed to the whole commaumny. Hebre, I am not opposed to railroads any more than I am opposed to sewing nmachines, hut, krnow that if property is taken frc.n a profiteable itvenst ment, and embarked in oneie los profitable, whether it is to copes eot a railrorad or to pur obase a sewing machine, it wll be a l,et to the 0 nmmnnity. The 01oe of nrecesify Is not only not proven but is disproveed; and the great wreng of voting away the prcprty of the peorle wants even the miserable apo,logy of necessity to redeem It from universal oondemnati n. Mr. Editor, I reed yt or artieln in this morr. ing's issue with great pl asure; but I think yon are in error in 'opposing that any one in thiS community Is opposed to raslrosda per eP. I have, with perhaps better oprortnitlies of julg ins, seen none. As torivalry between us anld t. irnmi,, trade will be determine d to that point where capital more surely accumulates, asc this will be where property is best protected and most secure, and it is seedless to say that if this tax is imposed that plase will not be New Orleans. ARCHItULD MIPOfgL!,. ftaes Rate Thayer. A dispatch was received yesterday from Dalti more stating that Miss Kate Thaser, daughte r of Mr. Fred. N. Thayer, had made her debut at the Academy of Music. The electrio wires carry news of a grand success, a fine reception, two "encores," and the crowning aesaraece of sno seas, which is an engagement for the whole series of concerts, Miss Thaser is one of our New Orleans artists, and while here was a pupil of Prof. Von IHnftten; since h.eashe has been studying a year wtte s r. Mlat Marek in New York. She had been en. aged to sid at the Academy of nasio for one night only, buther snccess was so great that she wee engaged for the whole series of concerts. We are proud of her success as being one of ours. aud sincortly congratate her. 'FlThose nstes-if asse gtalr4. It has been more than a year since it was a:u thorita'ively stated that that inenff rat - nuis ance, the stairway of the Custom-House, was to be changed so as to make the ascent at least en durable, but no movement in that dbliection has been made. Plans were prepared of a double staircase, jeining at a landing half way up, and making the j uracy to the first fl 'or not esch a test of muscle and lungs as it is now. As it is at present, these stairs are positively dsantgrotis, and good le'k only has prevented fatal accidents there before. A trip or stumble witl ensure a broken neck, and so st'ep is the de -e ~ hat-- m-anygoing doAn have to take a fr'io.ld'a arm for fear of vertigo. The Mnlhltt of roof notori ,ty designed them, and like bhis other works, whilst eopervieing Architect ,f the Treasnry D. partment, they tand as trn!.oleei of his ignoraznce and lack ,f sktl. AN ZN'TriORRIINARY INNlIDENT. Volulntary Reltgrnation of a Gtvernment Oflfice, how it s EY,-t.vernor Proteeted an laid Man. (N. Y. Times. WAsttrlc'rTor, May 16.-Ex-Gov. Car penter, of Iowa, is about to leave the office of Second Controller of the Treas ury under circumstances that are quite refrefreshing in these days of office hunt ing. Some time ago the Cabinet decided thatthe Paciflo coast should have a rep resentative among the heads of bureaus, and as Iowa has four prominent offi cers-namely, Secretary of War, Land Commissioner, Third Auditor and Sec ond Controller-it was decided to va cate one of them, and Third Auditor Tabor was selected as the person to go. Hearing this, Gov. Carpenter inquired of Secetary Sherman wnether, if he should resign, Mr. Tabor would be re tained. The Secretary replied affirma tively and Gov. Carpenter then said that his formal resignation would be forthcoming whenever his successor was named. Mr. Tabor is an old man. and has been In this office nearly eigh teen years. He is poor and would be at a loss to know what to do if he had to f leave his position. Gov. Carpenter is a young man and has been in office only fifteen months. As between himself and Auditor Tabor, he told the Secre tary he thought he ought to retire. In stances are very rare where one man re a signs to keep another in office. Gov. Carpenter intends to return to Iowa h and enter journalism. W. W. Upton, of Oregon, has been selected to fill the va cancy, and will take the office July 1. Dralntufg the ZEyder Zee. [Amerioan Arch.t4 ot.] Preparations are now going ca to drain the Z~ader Zee. A dam forty kilometres (241 miles) long, fifty metres broad at its base, and one and a half metres above the usual level of high water, is to be carried across the gulf. Upon this will be erected pumping en gines capable of discharging 1,716,000, u0. gallons a day. Estimating the aver a..; depth of the gulf at about four and a -alf metres, it will take steady pump ii for sixteen years to empty the en c sure. The cost of reclaiming the 5 0,000 acres now under water is es timated at about $67,000,000. It is con fidently expected that about 440,000 acres will be suitable for agriculture. and can be sold at an average pricelof $800 per acre. *·-- --~~--- TIE MEC; OND VIRGINIA DIATRITT. Mr. m~ear Gives Up HRl Contest of Wr. 4i4de5's Met. [Ouon(er-Journa.] The Hon. Joseph Segar, who has been contesting the seat of the Hon. John Goode, Representative of Virginia for the Norfolk District, has practically abandoned the contest, not having begun taking his testimony and no other steps to bring himself within the law. Mr. Goode regards the question as now settled. Bacon at Shrevepott from Kansas City : to . cent lower than from New Orleans. Coffee 25 cents less fr-igtht at Shreve port lower than by river from New Orleans. GaEAT BARoAT.s thi4 day, at 12 m.. at ::e 't. t harle' Auction Exchanger, n chlic' city propery, advertumed po-itiv-ly to be sold f r ac eolnt of the eucn0esaon of the late J. H. Hoyle, I by C. E. Girardry, anctioieer. The I at ta a Iare and valuable one.ensoprising eieellent beinese b:and., one sad- two-story dweilings, located on Wr. Charl s and TI fi Cir-. Scl-; on at. J.,*e-h street, betwen at., Charles and OC ronde! t; on (anal Broad, Giaqaet and Bienville streets. Also, vela ble and rapidly on hancing building sites in lots ,d sqnares on Canal bIroad, Bienvilie, Cu.toushonse, Alezsndar, Na pI oleon and obher leading thoroughiatre of the Firs- and Second Littriet. F r trrms and full partioulars, see descriptive Sadvertisements and plen, at sale. Bny on'y the &sager, they were the drat to re dce the prices. O*eu 91 canal strest.