Newspaper Page Text
THE E W UORLEA NS DAILY DEMOCRAT.
OFFICIAL JOURNAL OF THE STATE OF LOUISIANA. VOL. II---NO. 15i. NEW ORLEANS, FRIDAY, MAY 25, 1877. PRICE, FIVE CENT8. BY TELEGRAPH. d STEAMER ORA BURNED. h Boat and Carge Total Lees. c Me Ltves Last. The following telegram was received this morning: Tnzroi, La., May 24. o 3. H. M aMe & CG.: The Ora burned and sunk twenty t miles above here yesterday at 4 p. m. Boat and cargo total loss. No lives lost, d E. B. CBa. 1 The Ora was a sternwheel boat, built y at Cincinnati in 1872; custom-house I measurement, 135 tons. She was valued 1 at $5000, and insured in this city for $3500. She was owned and commanded by Capt. E. B. Cryer, and was running in connection with the boats of the New t Orleans and Ouachita Transportation Company. WA.UuINtITON NEWS. Appointments, WASHINSTON, May 24 -It is stated that Dunn declinod the Collectorship of Internal Rfvenue for the South Caro lina Distrtot. Dunn wantd to be Col lector of the Port at Charleston. James Gilfilian sucePeds A. W. Wyman as Treasurer of the United States. The Brazillan Mission. Gen. Logan declines the Brazilian mission. The Dealib Massacrr. Secretary Evarts i. preparing a letter to the Mississippi authorities regarding the killing of Chisholm and his family. The letter will he a notice to the people of Southern States in regard to the President's views upon the question of protection of citizens of all classes. Cbroked Whisky. The revenue raiders claim tQ have de stroyed sixty 4ilicit stills i 'Wilkes county, N. O., during the paet ten days; nine men heve been arrested. The iWMkphrt tcehrt.EHoue. Bocxrotw, Ill., MAY 24.-The coro ner's jury in the court-house case find the architect, Henry L. Gay guilty of the deaths of the deceased. They say that the board of supervisors acted un wisely in not employing a competent trohitect. FOREtGN. WAR NOTES. Rwfqia's C, mprom'se. L vown, May 24.-Russia would not to Constantinople and the Suez being placed under the proteo lan, providetd Russia is al ktd ' otect Ru mtnania, Bulgaria, Montentgro, and annex the _ teroum. - f 'Bosnia, Herzegovina and -a State under an Austrian Archd*e is discussed at Vienna. "sse % 1LIt Not Par cllpate. The O(hek &Minister at Vienna gives decided csrnP~Oes that the rumors of Greece ppartiiting in the war are un founded. for ar. a ms he for war. Bebrtt* º'ervia's military prepara a are tflrmed. All Cirassilan O lbavre been summoned to . iM aforethe purpose of form ing twenty-fl e cavalry regiments at Adrianople and Sof ta. The War in Asia. BATOnM, Wedl~eday Afternoon. There was a treib6~tdous cannonade to day from Russians. A battle has just commenced, the tiring becoming gene ral along the entire line. The Turkish batteries are re|lying vigorously. The utmost enthuseism prevails among the Ottoman troops. The Bashi Basouks are preparing for action. Everything indicates a desperate effort on the part or the enemy. It is stated that the Russian force as signed to the assault of Batoum, has been strengi bened by 20,000 men who have just arrived from Ardahan. It is reported that the Grand Duke Michael commands the attack in per son. The Turks are sanguine. ERzanouM. Tuesday Night.--The Rus sians are moving rapidly forward in the direction of the Turkish left. It is reported the Turks, retreating from Ardahan, were defeated in a moun tain pass near Kg:rs. The French Muddle. PARIs, May 24.-The Duke de Cazes has issued a circular protesting against the supposition that the new Minsltry entertained an idea of departing from neutrality. It is stated Don Carlos was conducted to the railway station by detectives. TEB NATION'S REQUEST. bhermaan Mst Come Down. [Cincinnati Enquirer.] WASHINGTON, May 21.-The Daily Na tion, of this city, which, with Secretary Dick Thompson, some weeks ago en deavored to resuscitate the old Whig AD pasty, has a leading editorial to-day, demanding the removal of Secretary Sherman. It says: "The condition of business is too pre darious to admit of fu'rther trifling. During the past year, under the action of Mr. Sherman's ideas, the number of 3ankruptcies was greater than in any fther year since the formation of the government. All classes and condi tions of people went by the board, and, instead of getting better, the trouble is hourly increasing. It is evident that the Secretary is too firmly founded in his opinions ever to change, even when, as in the case of the remonetization of silver, he stands almost alone in opposi tion to the nearly unanimous public sentiment. He Is too sincere a man to yield when unconvinced; and with that firm, ron will for which his family are noted, he proposes going ahead with his financial scheme, even though the heavens fall. The time has arrived when President Hayes must recognize that the financial condition of the coun try fs the great question wl:h which his administration will have to deal. He must recognise further, that the present Secretary of the Treasury totally mis represents the popular will. There is no other hope for a return to prosperity than through the careful management of the government. Secretary Sherman lust be requested to resign, and his ortfollo given to some one with very ifferent ideas upon finance. There is ot a position under the government rhich Mr. Sherman would not fill with enefit to his country, except the one e'now holds; but this one he must not ontinue to hold. The President may ot see the necessity for such a course ow, but. sooner or later Secretary Sher ian will have to be requested to re Ire." THE OHIO ELECTION. loth Parties Anxious About the Finan cial question. Both parties in Ohio are anxiol's about he financial question. The Republi ans hope to head off the Democrats by leclaring in favor of making silver a egal tender, and that zealous silver ad rocate, The Cincinnati Commercial, sa:ys f the administration does not take this (round there will be trouble. The GCnm nercial evidently has little fear of the ntil-Hayes Republican element, for it tays of Mr. Wade: "As for that buffer )li gentleman, Ben Wade, he was able ,o contain himself and suppress his prl rate letters during Grant's administra lion, and Grantism left the Republican party in the whole South only two mili ary garrlisons, and they were in unten able positions, and under the circum stances ought to comruose himself for a short time-that is, if he does not find Indignation to he the only cure for indi gestion and colic." VWHY CONKLINui OPIOS.aL IIAYES. he lRival Fenton Hasl Ioo Much Influence wlb Hayes. [BalLimore sun.] Ex-Gov. Fenton, of New York, is one of the Liberal Republicans whom com mon rumor points toas destined to exer else great influence with the adminis tration. He has already had several interviews with the President, and his friends say be will have much to do with the New York appointments. This talk is distasteful to the friends of Senator Conkling, between whom and Mr. Fen ton there has long existed a bitter feud. Senator Conkling has not been near the White House, and seems to be taking no interest in the doings of the Adminis tration. THE PREwIDENT'4 ATTITUDE. a How Hayes Fills the Office. [Baltimore Sun.] During the ten weeks that Mr. Hayes has been in the White House there hag been a great rush of applicants for office. I At first the President undertook to re ceive all of these anxious ones in person, but the mental and physical strain soon became more than he could belr. The applicants now, when they cannot ob tain a personal audience, get some influ ential person to intercede for them whenever it is possible to do so. Perhaps no occupant of the White House ever had a greater faculty of making himself agreeable, while at the same time ore serving a perfectly non-committal atti tude, than President Hayes. In not more than two or three instances in any of the appointments that he has made has he given any definite promise in ad vance. He also takes his own time in making appointments, and no amount of pressure can induce him to precipi tate action. This course he pursues not only where an appointment necessitates a removal but where there is a vacancy to be filled. Indeed, nearly all his ap pointments have been of the latter class, as you can easily count the re movals he has made on your fingers. TIHE NEW CRUSAIBE. The Ohio Plan Adopted in Massachusetts. [Ohicago rimes ] SPRINGFIELD, Mass., May 20.-There are signs of a breaking out of the women's temperance crusade, after the Ohio fashion of two years ago, in west ern Massachusetts. A number of women created a sensation in Northampton at the saloon of Fallair, where they read several chapters of the Lible and prayed and sang. A large crowd was soon attracted, but the saloon keeper took matters very coolly, and invited them to cill again. They asked him to sign the pledge, but be refused. THE BLACK HILLN. The Territory of Lincoln. [Olhiogo limes. DEADWOOD, Dakota May 19.-The convention to elect delegates to Wash ington to secure if possible the new ter ritorial organization of Lincoln at the next session of Congress was held here to-day. Every mining camp was repre sented. Sectional feeling ran high be tween the miners and residents of this city, and at ode time threatened an open rupture. C. W. Meyer, of Penn sylvania, and H. C. Walker, son of the Nicaraguan filibuster, both young, in experienced, and non-representative men, were after much bickering elected. Against the Railroad Tax, There was a large meeting in the Tenth Ward last night to take into consideration the railroad tax question, on which to-day's election turns. The meeting was in opposition to the tax, and it was so stated by Dr. Tebault, who was called to the chair. Mr. ES. Fallon was the first speaker called to the stand, and he argued against the building of the road by a tax on the population of New Or. leans, when the r ad might afterwards pass into the hands of Northern capitalists. The following resolutions were then adopted: Resolved, That we insist that all the employee of our city or State, whether policemen, lab rers, school teachers, or others engaged noon our public works, shall be paid regularly, and dollar for doller. Riesoiced, That we condemn the improper em ployment of convict labor, whether for work of public or private improvement, becanue the em. ployment of such Penitentiary c'nv ots, brings tuem into improper and n juoet competition with honorable and law abiding citizens of the corn. monwealth, and should not, and must not be fur-her tolersaed. " Resolved, That the Pa:ifo R i'road tax is sought to be imposed on an unjust principle that it means the giving of between two and three millions of the public capital to a private coroeration. Resolved, That capitalists never ask for a vote of the publio money to build a house for the widow or for the poor man's tamily. Resoloed, That every man, even the poorest, munt pay an unjost license tax, which we here denounce as wrong, while two or three millions ~e propved to he given to men already rich. Resolved That we are opposed to b .i ding rail roads by any other means than the poor man can emoloy for bulding the shelter over the heads of his dependent tamly. 1EW ORLEANS PACIFIC RAILROAD. t F.tilor Democraf-Ia your article of Wednes ly you very effactually refute that portion of the 1 ommonications or Drs. rlickell and Tebault and a •r. Archibald Mitchell, whihob seeks to underrate f he vast importance to our commercial existence ad prosperity of the New Orleans Paciio Rall oad. You are equally emphatio and explicit in xposing the fallacy of another objection of hese gentlemen, based on the fact that oo many railroads have been built in this auntry and in England, and great loss and dam Re have been incurred by the too large absorp Ion of capital in enterprises of that sort; to use Dr. Briokell's language, "not legitimately and mperatively demanded." It is not necessary to waste time and words In elaborating truisms Ike these. We sssume that in these propositions you will 5e supported by the vast maj lity of this com ,unity. It may, therefore, be accepted as an es Lablished fact that this road is a great and Im perious need of this city, san that its bnefits will be vast., even beyond your large expectations. 'he questiont of practi at mportanoce 1 on which thert- i considerable difference of opmnion Is as to the mode of securing the oompletio nf this road. The two modes first suggested have been tried and have failed. They ae, first: the chaitering a ratlr ad company and Iending the cred t of the t1ae to foreign capitaliess on a iledge to use tee credit of the sttate to raise the miney alith w..ieh tobnllid the road. Thi+ 1;ao has ditsastrosly ilted The other plsu was, to raise this money be private uebscriution of our citizens. avoiding the system of mort.esge btnds and State subai dties. to Home, $300). 03 wsa thus subscribed sad his been most judiciously and ac'tnomically ixpennded by the managers, who are all mer .hjan1t end cit ':zna of large interest in the com* metreitl prosper ty of the o ty. n..,, 4 , h. tll that h teen snhbseorthed. and the furlther prtosecution of the roai Is pri vnetel by the exhaustion of the means contributed obit fly by our merchantr. Thus arrested, the managers have been driven, as the last and only means of raising the re qlira:d amount to complete and equip this road from New Orleans to Shreveport, via Alexandria and Marshall, to the necessity of asking the peo ple of New Orleans and those of other parishes of the State through which the road is projected, to decree the imposition of a small tax upon themselves, col edible by the city, and to bi ap plied as a sub cription to the eapital of this o:mpany. And without this tax this road cannot be turlher pro ecuttd and completed. To ti.e proposition it Is objocted: 1. That the New Orleans P.fetI. Railroad Oom pany is a private corpor ion which the people cannot be required to support and aid any more than any other indnstriil association or partner ship; that the benefits or profits of nch associ uted onterprise will.enre to the oopartners and not to the public or theo taxpayers. If this prnposit on were true in law and in faot the sev rely lolical minds of Dr. Brick ll and Mr. Archibald Mitchell might have wotked out the corollary of this problem, and shown how the industrial enterprise of the cornorators of the New Orleans PAciflo could be made prodnotiv to the pattnurs unless the road became the great v bicle for an enormous trade ani travel; and if it were so prndnctive, how could they qgrstion its vltle and importance, Its immense utility and pr fit to the public ? Would not this result haysve made It a t:ublit and not a private enterprise ? And, if it Is of this great pun'lie n ility of uni versal proft ableness to the whole ommoniy, does it n t fall wi bhi the scone of those objects involving 'the public welfare." to accomplish or promote which is the main object of govern. ment for which taxes may anti ought to be im po-ed, and npon ahbich power there is no re atriction or limitation In the constitutlon or laws? sweeping and vague generalities il your refer uce to the principle vi lated by this tax. Why I not he more Ppecifli, and show the restriction and limitation which i so violated ? Under our system of government the people are soverreign, and may impose any tax upon themselves whiobh is not probihited by the "on- t stitution. Dr. Drickell expresses his opp,,sition to railroad enterprises not legitimately and Im- i peratively dem ,ndd. May not the peoplh tax themselves for the es tabli.bment of all public work "legitimately and I imperatively demand d 1fr the public defn -e and the general welfare?" Is not senc a tax of the character of one impoied to protect, nr city from invali in by a fireign fde, or from submer sinn by the river? And, if the people choose to employ Inlividnals or a private co p,,re -rn to asprl this tax to these otjelts, where is the leaal principle or o.,nstituti(Inal re-triction which for bids suoh mode of accomplishing the great "pub lio object" so "imperatively demant ed ?" But it is contended by the DEMOCBAT. Dr. Brickell and Mr. Arctie Mitchetl, that snuh a law ard its applica'ion involve a violation of the rights of property; that i; gives to one man, or a number or men, the power of or ntrolling the use of your property and eubjncting it to buranns w.rich i is not within the rangeof civil asd politi cal gover, ment to impose. This objection would apply to all taxes collected by tie political authority of the State. But It is sought to give it a special and pionlisr applica tion to the present tax, because of the peculiar feature wh ch, instead of apply na it absolutely to the construction of this great public work, re imburses the taxpayer with scrip which r'tu'ns to him a direct interest in the profits of the en terprise, instead of leaving hi n only to thare the general and p'blio beneft a wi h the rest of the people. The effect of this provision Is to make thi- a public enterprise wrer in all taxpayers will be shareholders, and to lighten the burden of the tax by'returning scrip or stock. And for these modifications and reductions of the burden, argue these objectors, the tax becomes a viola tion of the rights of property and a species of communn m. If it hid been simply a tax to raise a fund to be applied to the building of this roan for the pub to defense and welfare, these gentlemen would have been silenced; they could have made no shbowing in any o art in this country against the right of the people and their representatives to impuse this tax. Now, because the taxpayers are reimbursed, the tax paid by them in scrip in the railroad to prevent the very danger suggestelt by one of the oppnments of the tax of the road being diverted to the benefit of other communities. itis contend ed by Messrs. Brick'.ll and Mitchell that this tax is made unoonstitutional, and indeed communistic. In truth, so far from being either, it is a favor and concession which the mass of non-property holders, who contribute the larger portion of the money with which this tax is paid, alone might. object to-this reimbursement to the nominal taxpayers. It comes, indeed, with very bad gRace from the championsof the taxpa ere to base their whole argument against the tax upon this very conceesi,on and preference given to them over their fedlow-citizens who proctically contlibute to the payment of these taxes, but who obtain no scrip in recognition of their con tributions. Now, I cannot see how a tax, clearly a legal and c nstitutional tax, can bV made tilogal and uuconsti utional by discounting or reducing tte amount of that tax through a system similar to that of mutual insurance companies. It is just as much a forced loan in the one ease as in the other. From all of which results there evidently f l lows this inconsistent and repugnant concin 1. It is obiected that the New Orleans Pacifio Railroad Is a praeate corporation, though it can only be made prtiiatle by promoting the public welfare and certainly eontempates great public purposes. 2. Wben it is proposed to make i' still more distinctly a pub co enterprise, in which all tax payers shall hav a direct as well as an Indir, ct interest, then itt is objected tbat this is a forced loan, and therefore unconstitutional. 3 Even conceding that a loan to be absolutely expended on th-i road withnut any return or a ock scrip in reimbua ement might be cousti tutional .nd legal, when such reimbursement is made then the lorn beeomns a gross vilation of cons itutional right and principle, a form of com .aniam, though the oommuno does not share in this reimbursement of a tax which it largely Tbese propositions may be safely submitted to the consliderati of all people of common earse. I prefer to rest the case with them rather than on actimonious assaults, sardonie sneers, and ou flammatory appeals to pa-sions and p-ejudloes, and perversions and misapplieation of lelgal and poltteal principles that have been estabilshed by the bighest Judicial tribunals in the country for the last ffty years. Th re is not one of them that will hesitate to d·cide in favor of the consti tuttonality of this tax, and of the right of the people to declare their will that It should be im posed, as there is no sensible or enlightened cit. ixzn who can doubt that the public welfare of this community imperatively demands that It should be imposed, and that the object to which it Is to be applied is one of as great necessity, importanoe and value to this city as any which the citizens were ever called on to contribute to. PUBLIO WkLFABE. 'HE VORI1N PROPERTY HOLDEURS. Editor IDeocrat-While the friends of the ,ew Orleans Paoito Railway are attempting to reate a furore of enthusiasm among that class voters numerically the strongest In the com tunity, would it not be well for the more sober ioded to stop and coolly consider the j sati oe of lie step to be taken on the 25 h inst. No one doubts the necessity of a railroad to 'exqs but it is simply a question as tfol r 'the ends justify the means." The pr, positlin is to impose an annual tax of lye mills on the dollar np n a'l taxable roperty within the corporate hlrnts of New 0- eass for a period of four years to help build his railr ,ad. To inenre this end a vote is tor be had, not of ii interested, but of all cl izont ; in other rords, a part only of those directly interested sill be allowed to vote, apd tie rest "shut ou," -ocause, althongh they have invested their cap- I 1.l in New Orleson and contributed largely ,o wards increasing her tatable re-ouro°s, essential o the maintenance of good g vernment, they have nit thought fit to become ci isens. We are told that the real estate of New Or leans, to th, enormous amonnt of fr'y millions oI dollars, bf.longs to people who live abroad. and "that ev,:ry dollar of their incomes is ex pnded away from us; therefore these people ought to be taxed heavily for all such improve ments as the one proposed. That all suno p o pie not only do not benefit N'ew Orleans, but are an actual drawback to the plees." This is one of the telling (?) arguments used to influence the less intelligent of voters. l a argument that Is as false as it is unjust. Suppose these foreign property holders, in stead of investing their money amonr us, had taken it to ft. Louts, Ohicago or New Yo, k, and there need it in building houses and otherwise improviog the vaca:t lands in an about those cities, would not N w 0 1' ans have cuff' red to lh- extent of such wth rawals ? Undoubtedlv ! The class of buildinga wou'd be poorer, the city less attractive, and ihe burden of defraying the expenses of government fall upon fewer tax payers, neoessitatti g heavier assessmen's ii the way of taxes, licenses, etc., to defray them. Every dollar iv.ys ed from abroad in permsa nent improvements in New Orleans is equtva'en? to just that much permanently losns d to the city. Itstays here, having been largely distrib nted among the mectanics and waoking people tf tie city, who are employed to (ff:ot the im provements in which it is invested. if the inoume tlA'refrom is used by the invest. ore to live upon el ewhere, it amounts to no more than a moderate interest up no their eapti tal, prbably seraped togeth r by hard and ot tient labor. and they are justifie toin expending it when and whern they chins ; they s ill bear their share in the snpport of th' gonvernment by the payment of taxes, aad still supply w rk, from year to year, to the lafring classes in keep. ing up their numerous improvements. Why, then, should not the e e-ople have a say in so important a matter? Why not let 'h-m vte npon thes project, and say whether they are will ing to contribu e their money towards it ? These enon'e are neither fools nor idiots. Experienoe has eh iwn them to be reasonable thitk;n be ing', but of that class who are not willing to spend thit ir m ney without a reasonable guaran co of some return th-refor. I nRafn thi. vtn t 5,n..averr. arelnmsvlvr or. vUUIJO UItM vote so taxpayPrs r t:eina Vt ý. ties f not, lot every one v te who can pro'tnan either a tax receint or a certificate of cliiz nhltp: rnd a et the projectors of the railroad give some guar ntre mornlr than m re words that, if the 'n nvor Is sub.cribed or assessad, the road wZto be p uill, and that at a reasonable cost. The e is no doubt of the honesty of the gentle- t men who have the work in charge, but they are liable to errors in calculation, and we should have tome sef guard traainst suffering as the city and state have suffcred through former reilroad en- 1I terprises. 8 'I he projectors of the lionthern Railroad e thought thoy could ca mplete their work upo<) a stbsecripwtou of 116.000,000 from Oincinnati. et e we ate juit informed by an associated press di - . patch "that the money is all expended and still a considerable part of the work remains unfu-. lshed." We need a railroad to Texas. lhere is no I doubt that it will benefit New Orlean*. thtngh n t to the , xtent claimed in the high suondin e and flRuriehing address of the New otleens Pa teo Idllway Conmpsnv; and if we cato build that read without s forcedloan for which no other security I is offered than stock certtflrates, which may in the end not be wor h the paper they are written upon, let us have the rotd. But let us bi gin the tight way about it. Dn't begin by incre* ing taxes, and thus pave the way I for she prevention of furtuer investments of for- v eign capital. . Rather let us work the other way, now that we r have emt rged from our political troubles, and when suffl.ient time has elapsed to show the world that our own srlr.government is all that we claim for it, no difficulty will be found in secnr ing all the needed capital from abroad (which t the projectors of the NewOrleane Pacific Railway effects to despl e) to build us a ralway to Texas. Convinooe foreign oanitali-ts of the real fact, and instill into them confidence that they will be properly protected in their rights as property holdere and taxpayers, and we shall then obtain a part of that aseistance from them that has built up Chioago and the other great railroad centres of the country. 1AXPAYER. TAX FOR THE NEW ORLEANS PACIFIC I ROAD. Fellow- Ciizens--The advooates of this tax lay ( great stress upon the respectability of the dirt oe i tors. Whilst conceding this point, we are at a I loss to comprehend its significanoe, as it is india- I pttable that the gentlemen wh are m tat promi- I nunt in opposing this tax, are as respectable and public-spirited as the gentlemen who compose the Bo.rd of Dirtc'ors of this road. Althoirgh granting their respectability, we cannot compre hend that it gives them authority to rob the pub lic by the agency of a popular vote. If, instead of being of go:d repute, they were notori insly bad men, they would not be danger ons, as the publ c would be on their guard against the r schemes. All history proves that it is only good, but mistaken, mon that inflict per- I manent injuries on society. It was the z ;al of honest men which enabled the abolitioni.te to precipitate this country into a terrible war the evil cons qu no a of which may never be effro d. Respectability is a poor pl-a urged in defens of ac lot, intrns cal y bad. We all remember the prtveib that 'BHell is pay d with good intentions." Holet silence prevail in regard to good men who we know are mistaken. I ANTI TAX. EX-PRESIDENT GRANT. Simon Cameron Favors Him for the Presi dency. [Oour.er-Journal.] The impression in political circles at Washington that the special atten tions paid to Gen. Grant at Philadel- I phia were part of a scheme to put him i forward for the presidential succession has been strengthened by the speech of I the Hen. Simon OCameron, in which he distinctly points to such a programme. i AMERICAN8 WHO GAN BlE Pl'A ED. J While Europe, bre.athless, stands and waits, t And war to every rumor lurks, 'isu not t o late for lergf. Bates, To go and join the Purks. [New York Commercial. ] And, even when war's harsh alarms Resound, time smnple will remain For Wendell Pbillips t) take arms, And join the Russian train. [Boston Globe. Let Mary Walker fly with speed To don her pants and gulp her tea, And mount a haimgr3 mule and lead 'the Austrian cavalry. [New York Grsph'c. And why need "Eli" linger here. His wondrous yarns to try on ? Let him acrous the one n tearr And "back" the British Ishe-on, [New York World. Let Henry Ward and Theodore While all the Turks are gone to war, Fly to the Turkish barems for tay-on a httle lecture tour. [Ohioago Times. And if you want to lend the best Of heroes we can spare, Just send Fred. D nglavc to Buoharest, To read his lecture there. [Sunday Washington Herald. Among the many we can spare To join that foreign lesion, nary With Stephen Packard could compare, To strip disobh ged Russians bare, As bounty grabbing mlislnnary. ---- ---r . BEAURE.ARD ON TIIE WAR. ye -- ia) low the Old confederate Leader Woual lo C.dnlrt Operations Agrainst RuiIa. or N,. Y. Wor.d.] or It has just come to light that in 1866 al he newly inducted Charles of Hohen- fo ollern, Domnitor Prince of Roumania, Vo endered to Gen. P. G. T. Beauregard, Wi hen living in Paris, the command of ve xis armies, with the rank of Field Mar Ial, a complete outfit and $100,000 a d rear pay. Gen. Beauregard was to be en At liberty to select his own staff and gI ;ertain other officers, and to designate ' hbeir rank. It was promised that di ,he army should be kept a mini- p8 num of 100,000 men. The General, iowever, decline the offer and re urnerl to New Orleans, where he now s. He has written a letter, under date .t >r May 10, in whioh he refers to this sd expresses his warm sympathy with the Turks, "because they are the in weaker party and are defending their homes and firesides." As to the pre- 11 ext of war-" the protection of the R Jhrlstians "-he says: "It reminds me ýf the complaint of the wolf drinking at rhe same spring with the lamb." (Gen. Beauregard adds: " Turkey offers mag- A lificent lines of defense-the Danube and the Balkan Mountains. With two :r three hundred thousand COnfederate A trools I would guarantee to hold them sgainst any number of Russians. If I a were in command there I would fortify tl those lines well, and with my iron-clad oi gunboats I would prevent the construe lion of any bridges across the Danube. I would send Gen. Forrest with twenty- 11 live or thirty thousand cavalry to destroy , all the depots of supplies, railroads and bridges from the Danube to Middle a Russia, thence to some port of the a Black Sea, where I would transport his 8 command to some other favorable d point, say in the rear of the Russian forces operating in Asia, south of the e Black Sea. Forrest would be provided with camels to transport his light field artillery, baggage and light pontoon m Irains. He would have also a full sup ply of carrier-pigeons to keep me )osted as to his movements. My fleet in the Black Sea would keep it free of 0 the enemy's shil s. I would destroy d their supplies at Odessa and would d bring starvatlion to myv as'istance. How ii long do you think Russii could stand such a defensive war? Moreover, I am confldent that the other powers of I Europe will never allow Russia to get r any nearer to Constantinople than the i Balkan Mountains. if even she gets t there. Voila mon plan de campa.tne. t "'But I amn a man of peace, now that Louisiana is free." -0**~-- Iot Over 1000 Kicking Republicans in n Ohio. tU [N. Y. ''im r,.] WASHINGTON, May 2fl.-Gov. Young ad a protracted interview yesterday rith the President, which comprised everal subjects of general interest. Che President was greatly surprised t the Governor's assurance that there re probably not more than a housand Republicans, all told, in a he State of Ohio who are op- e uosed to his Southern policy if it If s a success, that is, if the Southern peo- I )le show a proper appreciation of and 0 eciprocate the efforts of the President 7 o rtestore tranquillity. In tie course f C he interview the President expressed 3 ilmself quite forcibly against the prac- c ice of Federal officials having to do t ersonally with the machinery of poll- n ice. He said that it was proper that 0 hese officials should vote, speak if oc iasion demanded, and contribute finan Iially as they felt able and justified in id of the cause. But he did not think t proper for them to engage actively in he management of the party, such as unning conventions, caucuses, etc. t FORT CUJMTER. L Cemetery To Be Established at the scene of the Custrr Massacre. t [N. Y. Times.] WASHINGTON, May 20.-Lieut. Gen. Sheridan proposes to send an expedi- t ion to the scene of Gen. Custer's fight with Sitting Bull, for the purpose of re noving the remains of the gallant band , who were massacred upon that occasion, and giving them burial with proper mil tary honors at such point as may be lesignated by the War Department. Jen. Crittenden, whose son fell in the 1 ight, objects to the removal, and has written a letter asking that the remains )f the heroic band be permitted to rest I where they are now interred, that they e may signalizs, for all time, the spot s where they so nobly fell. Gen. Crittenden t n his letter says: "There can be no Itter resting place for the true soldier a bhan the spot which his blood has hal owed. It would be vandalism to dig ip and scatter widely the bones of those I men who have been buried, as they lied, shoulder to shoulder. They all I perished together, fighting without hope, and the comradeship thus ce inented should never be sundered," ] ,t the last session of Congress authori y was granted for the erection of two dditlonal military posts in the Yellow tone Valley, leaving the location dis retionary with Lieut. Gen. 8heridan. t is understood he has selected the coee of the OCuter massacre, on the little Big Horn River, as a site for one f these two forts, to be called Fort luster, and it is probable the spot. where Custer's troops fell and are uried will be preserved as a cemetery. ------ 4Cb--.---.. SMLK SUI AR. A New Rival to Case. An account is given by M1. Iauter, in German paper, of the manufacture of nilk sugar in Marbach, Switzerland, he raw material for the recrystallza.. ion coming from the neighboringAlps, a the cantons of Luzerne, Berne, Schwyz, with a considerable quantity liso from Gruyeres. This material Is the so-called schot ensand or zuckersand, the French lechet de lait, obtained by pimple ,vaporation of the whey after oheese naking, and, notwittiradling a a o inual rise in the price, consequent ipon the demand and the in treased cost of labor and fuel, he industry continually expands. The material, in its crude state, is re .elved by the manufacturer or refiner ýn sacks containing one or two hundred )ounids. It is washed in copper vessels mnd dissolved to saturation at the boil rig temperature over a fire, and the yellow brown liquor, after straining, is Iliowe(d to stand in copper-lined tubs or long troughs, in order that it may crystalize. The sugar crystals form in .rystals on immersed slips of wood, mnd those are the most pure, and there fore of somewhat greater commercial value than the milk sugar in plates which is deposited on the sides of the vessel. In the course of some ten to fourteen days the process of crystalization has ended and the milk sugar has finished growing. The crystals are at this stage washed with cold water, afterwards dried in a cauldron over a fire and packed in casks holding four to five hundred pounds. et Debate in the Turklsh Parllamet. The meeting of the Turkish Parlia ent is likely to prove an experiment language. The London Athenwuna ye: It is well known that the Turks, te the Magyars, the Greeks and the omans, have worked up an oratorical id artificial language which is quite stinot from the popular dialects. It. as with some a question how far the natolian dialect, almost Turki, would tt on beside the highly-wrought 8tam lu, with its infusion of Persian and rabic. It is, however, stated that the ountry members speak freely. This is tributable to two causes. The first is atTurks of all ranks are in the habit statiug a case concisely before an floial or a tribunal, as advocates were )t formerly tolerated. The more im edlate cause is that Fuad and All Pa ias began in early life a reform in the nguage, with a view to increasing its rea and power. They encouraged plal[ urklsh, and discouraged the grand yle. So the officials have learned to iscard their stilted phraseology and to leak plainly, THIE BUMEAI U MP NU6tAVING. ore Work at Less Expense Than PFor merly. IN. Y. Tribune.] The Bureau of Engraving and Print ig is now worklng very smoothly un er the new organizsation. With a re uction in its force which causes a sav Ig of about $1000 a day, or $300,000 a ear the bureau is now turning out as iuch work as it formerly did with the trger force. It could still increasie its roduction without increasing the num er of employee. Indeed, a small addl ional reduction of force will probably ake place at the end of the present ionth. As an instance of voluntary conomy on the part of an' administra ion, especially when an adverse major ry in the House of Representatives has educed appropriations in many depart nents much lower than the interests of he public service allow, this is almost tithout parallel. rhe Way Hayes Is Carrying the oeuth. [Oolumbaus t(0.) limes.] The good efficts of honest Demo atic government in South Carolina re shown by the result of a special ectinn in Chester county, on Monday, r a State Senator. Gen. W. A. Walker, _emocrat, was elected by 1040 majority ver the Radical nominee. Chester al ays heretofore gave the regular Radi il candidates large majoritles. Judge [ackey worked for Walker. The Demo a'ts also carriecd Fairfield county at ei special election on Monday by 1200 ajority. In November last the Radi tl majority was 673. SAPONAO~EUs FUN. Snaplng a Railroad Track. [Lano.ater Examiner.] Unknown persons have been soaping he rails of the Reading and Columbia ,eilroad, in this city, and now we learn i~ being done in Columbia. The soap ig was done a short distance back of olumbia, and it took several hours for be train to ascend the grade. Putting end on the trick had no effect in check ig the trains going down grade. There 3a grade at this point of 110 feet, where be tracks were covered with tallow and oft soap. Even an attempt to run the )comotives over the grade after being etached from the cars proved unavail ng. WOMAN'M RIGHTS. he Storm that Gav. Robinson, of New Y.,rk, Has Rafaled. The storm has begun about Gov. Rob ison's head for that veto of the bill uthorizing the election of women to chool offi 'es. The IVoman's Journal ells him that he presents a "melan holy spectacle;" that his objections re "pitifully weak;" that he seems totally incapable of framing an argo cent that does not refute itself;" that is message is "insolont," and that he is unofit to hol I office." his is a pretty fir indictment, but why did not the 'ournal quote Carlyle and call the Gor rnor a "miserable, impoverished old iece of confusion?"