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NEW ORLEANS DAILY DEMOCRA
OFFICIAL JOURNAL OF THE STATE OF LOUISIANA AND OF THE CITY OF NEW ORLEANS. T'VOL. II--NO. 193. NEW ORLEANS, SUNDAY, JULY 1, 1877. PRICE, FIVE CEN DOMESTIC NEWS. I t THE INTDIAN TROUBLE. The Uedskins MnrderinK Settlers and stealing Stook. F oNpeal to the Democrat.l SAN FRANOIS0o, June 80.-The latest from a scene of the Indian outbreak report that the tribe known as River Snakes killed John 'Ritchie, of Mt. Idaho, a few days ago. Cover lYAlones are reported in pursuit of the mur derers. It is reported that the Clear Water Indians under Looking-Glass have turned loose and plundered George Dompster's place, between the middle and south forks of the 'wear Water river, pnd driven off all the top of settlers between those forks. Anjther report, which lacks confirmation, is that Gen. Howard attacked Chief Joseph, and t- ~lsoged him from Horse Shoo Bridge. e, . lou.e City dispatch mentions that on the .bidication of the presence of the hostile In dians in Woiser valley the settlers are leav ifig for a place of safety. Grain in the fields, orchards and gardens are abandoned and being rapidly destroyed by stock. A Board of Pardons for tille. ISpeelal to the Democrat.l CoLUvNUs, 0., June 80.-Gov. Young will reoommend the creation of a Board of Par dons in his next message to the General As sembly. Wasner t4 Visit the United Mtates. [Bioefil t' the Democrat.l ST. Loms, June.30.--A private letter from Munich states that the celebrated composer, Richard Wagner, will make a grand musical tour throughout the United States. It is sup posed that he will come here early next spring. A iswrared Oilieer. [Special to the Democrat.l SAN FRANciscO, June 80.-Liout. W. W. Fleming, 12th United States Infantry, con victed of appropriating funds entrusted to him by the prisoners, has been sentenced to dismissal fnom service and confinement at hard4abor for three years; and to be further confined until lie pays the United States a fine of $1000; provided, that the whole confine ment shall not exceed five years. The Monmouth Park Meeting. [Special to the Democrat.i LoNO BRANCH, JunO 30.-The meeting at Monmouth Park opened to-day with pleasant weather and fair attendance. The first race, mile dash, purse $200, was won by Yorkshire Lass, by two lengths, in 1:460. The second race, for the Jersey Derby stakes, value $1300, added to sweepstake $50 each, one-half e, was won by Baden-Baden. Time, 2 :40,'. A Railroad Accident. (Senelitto the Demonrat.l Warra HALL, N. Y., Juno 30.-By the wreck Ing of the Montreal sleeper train bound north this morning, ster'Patteson station, Laland, the eAgiheer, Was killed,' and the fireman hurt. All the passengers are reported sate. The President's Party. [Speelal to the Democrat ] : NEW YoRx, June 30.-The President and party arrived here this morning and after breakfasting took limited express for Wash ington. The President expressed himself very much pleased with his trip in New England. A Jewish Hotel. [Soecial to the Democrat.] 'lsw YoRK, June 30.-A committee of Jews, appointed by some Jewish houses in this city, have visited Staten Island to find a suitable =gite upon which to build a largo hotel The Four Per Cent Boens. lspecil to the Pemocrat.l 'Naw Yonx, June 30.-Government bonds ate stronger and higher, and subscriptions for new four per cents are coming in more rapidly. The Inter-Colleurlate enat Rare. (Special fC the Democrat.l SPRINGFIELD, Mass., June 30.-The race be tween the Yale and Harvard boat crews was won by the Harvard by two lengths. Time - Harvard, 24:36; Yale, 24:43. Beacon Park Trottlnu Races. BosTON, June 30.--Smuggler 2 1 1 1; Great Eastern 1 2 2 2. Time: 2:22;-2:21-2:19'/ 2:30 Class--May Bird won the third heat, South the seventh, Hannah 1). first and second, "Honest Harry the fourth and fifth. Time: 2:22%-2 :23-"(--2:23'i--2:24'4--2:25--2:24Y, Third Race, purse of $300, mile heats, was won by Frederick the Great-1:47% and 1:46. The last race was a dash of three-quarters a mile. Won by Faithless, who kept the from the start. Treasfrriag Russian Vessels. [Special tot e D -mocrat.] 'K`Rw YoRK, June 90.-Six Russian vessels 4this port have been transferred to Aner ~Aer owners, their owners being apprehensive of danger from Turkish men-of-war. A Virginia Family Feud. HARRISBURG, Va., June 30.-A shocking homicide occurred at MeGayesville, Rocking ham county, on Tuesday evening. Reuben Bonds, a farmer and blacksmith and former hotel keeper, residing in that town was led ba stab with a pcket knife by 'Zubi. p Z. GIlmore, Bonds ying about live min hiss after. family- feud had for years existed between Bonds and Gilmoae, but the immediate cause d the killing transpired but a few minutes bnefore the fatal encounter. Gilmore is a merchant, and is seventy years of age, and Joaas forty-five years. 'The murder has itted great excitement. CAPITAL NOTES. Countlng the Government Cash. (Special to the Demo-rat.) WASmINGTON, June 33.-Chief Clerk Upton, the Treasury Department, will to-night y the accounts of cash in the Treasurer's ce, preparatory to making a transfer of office to the new Treasurer, Gilfillan. The Coinage or the Year. [Special t" the Democrat.] WanRINrTON, June 30.-The coinage reports all mints, exce t that at Carson City, theaggregato aina for the present 1 year of $71,00,000-increase over last fiscal year $14,000,000. Spain Will Apoloxize. WAatrnNTON, June 30.- rho State Depart mont has assurances that Spain will make any amends proper when the alleged Ellen Riseopahoutrage is investigated. The Risepah was seized and her commander Imprisoned by a Spanish cruiser on the Keys south of Cuba. Obeying the President's Order. WAmIuNOTON, Juno 30.-Advicos received here by the respective bureaus state that Chase, Collector of Internal Revenue, and Smith, Postmaster of Wilkesbarro. Pa., have resigned as chairman and secretary of the Republican County Committee. WAR NOTES. The Turks Moving Forward tofMieet the nussians. (Sp-clal to the Demoerat.i LONioN, June 30.-Dispatches lato.l Schpimla, Thursday, state that a forward movement of the Turks will immediately take planc to meet the Russians, who have crossed the Danube. A Fearful Slaughter of the Russians. (Specbil to the Democrat.] Nixoroms, Juno 30.-The Russlans at tomated to cross the river hero Thursday in fifty 1lihters. Ten of the lighters were sunk by shells, and the attempt failed. The slaughter was frightful. Batoum Taken. l8pocial to the Democrat.) LONDON, June 30.-A dispatch from Pera reports that the Russians have taken Batoum. A Famine In Bulgaria. [Special to the Democrat.) LONDON, June 30.-There are fears of a famine in Bulgaria. The Britdge at Ibrall Broken. [Special to the Democrat.) LoNDoN, June 30--It is said that a Turkish gunboat has broken the bridge at Ibralil. Left Rustchuk. [Speelal to the Democrat.J LoNDoN, Juno 20. -- The foreign eonsuls have loft Rustclhuk. TEIM DOUKARDUENTS. The Destruction Wrought in Rustmhnk and Gllurgevo by shells. i(onelal to the Demoorat.l LONDON, June 30.-Telegrams from various points give the particulars of the damage by bombardment along the Danube. At Rust chuk the German consulate was destroyed by twenty-four shells, the French consulate by three, and the Austrian consulate was rid died. The nmlitary hospital In the Jews' quarter received seventy-two shells up to Wednesday. The Turks at the same tIme had thrown from two to three thousand shells into Giur gevo. However, although the streets are l iledd tmp ead the houses bored through amd through, not more than one house in twenty or thirty is seriously injured. WILD TUREiIs. r The Terrible Condillon of Affairs in Turk Ish Armenia. [Special to the Demoerat.] LONDON, June 30.- --A letter from Erzeroum says that tie Turks collected at Van for the defense of the country have struck terror into the whole district. The streets of the town itself reek with their violence and disorders. The Armenian missionaries have taken ref uge aboard a small pleasure boat on Lake Van. They float about the lake during the (lay and sleep in some secluded village at night. Another letter gives a terrible account of outrages and plundering by the Kurds throughout Armenia, which the authorities are unable or unwilling to prevent. RussIan Dummy Soldilers. [Speed il to the Demo-rat.] LONDON, June 30.-A successful attempt was made to-day to unmask the Turk ish batteries by launching a fleet of eight boats loaded with dummy soldiers. Russian Defeat at Datoum. N pweelal to the Demoncrat.l NEW Yout, Juno30.-A telegram from Tre bizond says that the Turks assaulted Friday and carried the Russian position at Batoum, achieving a great victory. The Russians re treated after a severe battle and [ great loss of men. A Battle Raging at Nistova. [Special to the Democrat.] NEW YORK, June 30--A Vienna dispatch dated last night says that it is persistently t announced there that a battle has been raging to-day below Sistova. The Copyright Commisslon. [Special to the Demnorat.] LONDON, June 30.-It is understood that the - Copyright Commission has adopted a serieg of resolutions as a basis of its report, which will recommend very considerable changes in the law of copyrights. OVER THE DANUBE. How the Russians Crossed With So Small a Loss. BUCHAREST, Jaue 29.-The Russian forces 'J at Hirsova are reported to he marching on Silistria, and are within forty kilometres of j that fortress. The Turks are apparently concentrating their troops in the principal forts, where they will soon be attacked. Everything is reported quiet to-day on the I Danube. It ascertained now that the principal cross ins west of Guirgevo, was at Petroseni and J Parapan just below Simnitza, where the and small boats until a position was secured on the south bank. This accounts for the comparatively small loss suffered by the Russsian troops, as the passage was effected in small detachments, who were scattered on the river and advanced towards the opposite bank after the manner of skirmishers, so as - E to render the enemy's fire less effective. E Russians have also crossed at Tnrnu Mag ureli, and have joined the Grand Duke Nicho- A las at Sistova. A MONET AND STOCKS. [Speclal to the Democrat.] NEW YORK, July 30.-G-Gold 105%. U. S. c's L of 1881 110/@111; do coupons, 115@115%; el 5-2e's of 1865, new issue, 100O1ý03%; do. of w 1867, 112%(112%; do. 1808, coupons, 115011; 10-40's 11I; do. coupons, 112',; currency 8's 123; now 111V. LoNoDo, June 30.-Console for money 94 7-16; do. account 941,; U. S. 5-20's of 1865 105, ; do. of 1867 106/j; 10-40's 1094; now fives 108h.: Erio 679. DOMESTIC MIRKETem. (Hvecial to the Democrat.. ST. Louis, Juno 30. --Flour unchanged. Wheat lower; No. 2 red fall $1 38"l 381'; No. 8 do. $1 68 cash, $1 32'/, Jul. Coin ?ower; 44@44>4 49;, July, 43,+4 August 451 bepte 'l er. Oats dl;3, hid. Whsy Stoutly, $1 0619. Pork dull, $13 15cash. Bulk meats inactive; clear ribs 7% bid cash and July. Bacon firmer, 5' (8%. Lard nominal. CHIOAOo, June 30.-V ,eat Irogular, $1351/ July, $1 21% August, nothing doing cashi. Cotn quiet, 41% July 471% Augut. Pork steady. $12 855@ 12 5ºI'4 uly, v13 02%/ Au gust. Lard steady, 8.Ul>4 July, firstname.lastname@example.org' August. Whisky Iluu, $1 08. CINCINNATI, .June 30.---Ylour firm, higher. Wheat very scarce, st'ady; white $1 906r2. Corn and oats firm, unchanged. Whisky I uiet, $1 07. Pork fair demand, $13 35 hhl, 13 50 asked. Lard nominal. Bulk meats and bacon steady, unchanged. PM3BION MAEI(Te. Lrvm3roors, Juno 3o.--otton-Fair husi neos at previous prim ; Middling Uplands 6f', Middling Orleans 6>%; Hales 8000 halos; for speculation 1.100. Rece pts 5500; American 2x00. Futures 1-38d hetter; Uplands, Low Mid dling clause, June and July delivery, 0 5-10rd Juiy and August, 6 11-32446 5-16d; August ani September, 6 13-32r(ind; September and Oc toher, 6 15-3206 7-lOd. LuvEnroot, Junle 30, 1:30 P. M. - --Lard 44s. MARINE NEWS. POnT EARS, Junoe 3o Noon--Arrived: Steamship New Orlians, Diearborn master, at 10 o'clock last night, from New York, to A. Moulton. Sailed: Steamship Chrysollte. To the Capitalists, Property Holders and Citizens of New Orleans. The undersigned, presidents of banks and Insuranee companies of this city, feeling deep ly the great Importance of railroad connec tion between Now Orleans and the State of Texas, and believing that the present is the most favorable time we can ever have to build such a road, and knowing that the New Or leans Pacific Railroad Company are about to place before our people a sub scription to the second mortgage bonds to the extant of $075,000, the proceeds of which will finish the grading, bridge and cross-tie the entire road from Bayou Goula to Marshall and Shreveport, which, when done, will enable the directory to make a first mort gage debt of not to exceed $10,000 per mile, sufficient to put down steel rails, build sta tion-houses, turn-outs, and place locomotives and cars for two passenger trains each way, daily, and at least 500 freight cars and locomo tives to drive themn- thereby putting the en tire road In complete condition for freight and passenger traffic at a cost of less than $15,000 per mile, the smallest cost of any rail road, per mile, in this or any other country; and further believing that some of our citi zens may not have sufflel5nf knowledge of or confidence in these seeuritios, and doubting the ability on the part of the stockholders to complete the road, the undersigned deem It not Improper, at this crisis and Juncture In this great enterprise, the success of which secures the future welfare and prosperity of our State and city, to place before you, under our sig natures, our entire confidence, after careful examination, both as to the certainty that the road will be built speedily, if these second mortgage bonds are taken, and also that the bonds will prove a first-class seven per cent per annum interest paying investment. And we further give it as our opinion that these bonds will have a standing in our stock market, and will be received by our several institutions as security for loans with as much readiness as any other seven per cent securities of our State. We unhesitatingly commend these bonds for investment, for the roason that when the road is completed the revenues are morally certain to not only pay the interest on the bonds, but give handsome dividends to the stockhollers. If this loan is not taken, the work on the road must be abandoned, and all subscriptions to stock now made be greatly jeopardized. It will be a stigma and disgrace on our phe ple to fail in completing this cennection with our prosperous sister State, and we earnestly urge the attention of our capitalists, our 1 moneyed men, our corporations, and all classes of our citizens to come forward and subscribe to the loan. nooks for subscription will he found at the office of the company. and at the offices of all the corporations represented by the under signed: GEO. JONAR, President Canal Bank. SAMI'L H. KENNEDY, President State National Bank. A. BALDWIN, President New Orleans National Bank. E. L. CARRIERE, President Citizens' Bank. J. C. MoRRis, President Hibernia National Bank. L. B. CAIN, Presidetnt Germania National Bank. DAviDh URQnHART, President New OricIans Savings Institution. J. H. OGLEsBY. President Louisiana Naticonal Bank. C. KouN, President Union National Bank. JAMES JACKSON, Vice Presideit Louisiana t Savings Bitnk. JNo. T. HARDIE, President Mutual National Bank. THOS. A. ADAMS, President Crescont Mutual I Insurance Company. ED. A. PALFREY, President Factors' and S Traders' Ins. Co. JNo. HENDERSON, President Hibernia Iris. Y Company. 1. TUYEs, President N. O. Insurance Co. M. MUssoN, President N. O. Insurance Asso- Y eiation. dI LLOYD R. COLEMAN, President M. and Trad- ti ers' Ins. Co. b ERNEST PRAGST, President People's Ins. Co. a E. MAIER, Secretary Germania Ins. Co. R H. PEYCHAUD, President Hope Ins. Co. Y k. CHIAPELLA, President Union Ins. Co. n 1V. B. ScHMIDT, President Teutonia Ins. Co. ri je30 7t di To-morrow, Monday, and during hewefk, M. La Byrne & en., 163 Oanal street. will offer their a mitire giuck of Via:.oria lawn sut and brown inen saui at gr~adl realuo. priusa. a OUR WASHINGTON LETTER. SR. KEY, (EKOIRE P4H IIRIDAN AND THE DUrLA.CIAPIMAN CASE. The Present Independent Position of the Enfranchised anut h. [Mpecial correspondence N. O. Democrat.) WAsuNoTroN, June 26, 1877. A Now Orleans dispatch to the Associated Press this morning says that George Sheri dan has concluded his investigation of the postoAflco case in the Folilianas and will re I cominond the removal of Dula and Chapman on the ground of incompetency. This affords mre an opportunity of C RISING TO EXPLAIN. Some time ago I wrote and you printed a 9 letter setting forth what Hherldan's action would be, and the reasons why he was so loctAxd for that mission, in pretty plain terms ' You must give Mr. Key credit for the best and most patriotic intentions in regard not only to this, but to all similar affairs in the South. His work of weeding out the corrupt, Ignorant or lnbecilo postmasters, white and - blaek, whom the Grapt regime fastened upon the South Is an efot hoTWlU bt ati et i#ttith difficulties which must he experienced in or der to be appreciated; no more description of them will suffice. Had Tyner been left to manage this particular affair, he would have sent a disciple of THE BLOODY SHIRT uOMPEL to investigate those cases and the result might have been unhappy for all parties con cerned. Mr. Key, as soon as his personal attention was directed to the matter, discov ored from the responsibility of the sources of his information, that the situation was grave, and he at once resolved to make tests of these two cases of repeated outrage. He selected our friend Sheridan for two reasons; first, d because he knew that George enjoyed the eon fldence of the people of Louisiana to a greater extent than perhaps any other Republican, d unless Jack Wharton might be excepted, and i- second, because he knew that George had gained a reputation North, through his ser f vices as a campaign SPEAKElI FOR HAYES, d which would give conclusive weight to any report he might make. o It was doubtless of great importance to Mr. B- Blaine that cases of outrage, intimidation, H bulldozing, and all that sort of thing should H he made out of these two affairs. But to the d Administration it was important that such action should be taken as would best sub serve the public interests, and it was equally important that the facts upon which sucfl ac tion might be based should be ascertained and reported by an officer In whose report the 5 Northern public would repose confidence. All these things have boon accomplished. Mr. i Blaine and Ben Butler are doubtless griev ously disappointed, but the people of Louisl it ana will be satistliod,and the public at large will n be gratified to learn that we have an Admin - istration which is capable of strict attention to reform in even so small a matter as two VILLAOE POSTOFFIUES. r EBut this is not exactly what I set out to z write. My former letter setting forth the 0 nature of the mission of my friend Sheridan t fell into the hands of one of our Democratic H Congressmen from the North, who happened ' to be in this city last week, and lie was e alarmed. "Great God," lie said, "that will never do. i1 You should not have published those facts. 0 Don't you soO the Radical press will raise a 1 howl? Don't you know they will take this 0 portion of your letter (referring to my state t ment that "George was sent down to 'ascer tain' what the l'ostm'naster Gneiral was al t ready well aware of, to wit, etc.") don't you k know they will take that as a text for saying .1 that it was all H A PUT UTP 101% t to get the two negro postmasters out of the way and thus surrender to the bulldozers !" s " Well," said 1, " it's true, isn't it? And in (3. my judgment the time has come when the South can talk out the same as the rest of the e country." My Democratic friend from the North had been so long accustomed to exhort the South , to take a back seat and keep its mouth shut, 4 that he failed to recognize the great fact that things have taken a ntw turn lately. -" But," said he, "'those things will he made I the basis of a new outrage campaign in Ohio, and the Radicals on the Western Reserve will hbe whooped up and we shall LOOSE THE STATE "My dear friend," I replied, "that was good logic a year ago, when the Southern people were looking to the Northern Democracy for salvation; but you should bear in mind that the Southern people are not dependent on the Northern Democracy as much as they were. The last Southern State is now out of the woods, and, whatever may happen to politi cal parties and party organizations, you can bet your bottom dollar that the intelligent white lpeple of the South will rule and that negro and carpet-hag legislatures, courts and executives have conclusively receded INTO THE DIM PAST. "This being the state of the case, and the Southern people being abundantly able to maintain the situation as it stands. I don't see any harm in letting the world-.even the Radicals on the Western Reserve of Ohio into the secret." "But," rejoined my friend, "these things jeopardize the success of the Democratic par ty in the North." "How?" I inquired. "Why, you know 'how' as well as I do. Haven't we had to carry the South as a dead weight in every campaign in the Northern States since the war?" "Precisely," said I, "and why? Because you have said to the South, 'Let us of the North make the tickets and platforms; let us RUN THE MACHINE; you keep quiet and lie low; when election (lay comes pile up your majorities for our ticket. In that way we will smuggle you back into power!' This is the policy you have acted upon for ten years. And at the last moment, when we had elected a President for you, you sat still with your thumbs in your mouths and said to us 'for God's sake don't resist the count! It is a h-i of a fraud, but don't make any fuss, because if you do the government bonds we own will be depreci ated.' That was your last ADVICE TO THE SOUTH; and the South acted upon it; did not make, any fuss; but (lid takeadvantage of the situa tion to make up out of anxiety of the enemy I what they bed lost by your cowardice at the critical moment. The upshot of the whole business is, my friend, that the South has s ceased to play second fIddle to the Northern Democrats; so that your advice to me be longs to an obsolete school of political philo sophy." 1 This is very nearly a literal report of our conversation. It serves to show that the o Northern Democrats can't get out of their - old rut, and can't tunderstrtnd that, locally speaking, the Southern people are MASTEIIS OF THE SITUATION, and quite likely to assert their due share of influence in Federal affairs, from this time henceforth. There is no danger of any South [rn State relapsing back into niggerism, car pet-baggery and returning boards. Whether the Northern Democrats grasp this mo mentous fact or not, the Southern people un t derstand It. Certainly there will be no volun tary relapse, while, as for coercion, I believe it would take a greater force to remand the South back to the condition of 1870, 1871 and 1872 than would be required to march from h th.Dalube i0 Cost anthnople in ono direc tion and to Paris in (taeffTrs ti So long as I am correspondent of the 0 NEW OIILIIANS DEJ O IIAT, e 1 shall write such facts as come to my knowl edge, without the "fear of the Northern Rad icals" before my eyes, in perfect belief that t Southern facts are no more to be concealed than Northern facts, and confident that 1i Southern readers are able to take care of themselves, without any care on my part to of discriminate between those facts Which may be published and those which should be sup e pressed. If the Radical organs howl, as my d Democratic friend apprehends, LET THEM HOWL.; I- it can only be in ululation over departed r power. And If "the success of the Northern 1, Democracy is jeopardized thereby," as my d friend feared, why, then, the Northern De ( Inoeracy ought to be in better luck. But one - thing our Northern Democratic friends must learn, that is that the South declines to be longer regarded as a '-dead weight" which Y the Northern Democracy must "carry In every campaign." Perhaps our friends will r. ascertain this fact about the time the next ' Congress is organized. * A. C. B. d A PERFEC(1 SUCCESS. h t Thousands Visit lohe Went Endl Pavilion. Y The inauguration of the West End Pavilion at the No v Lake End yesterday afternoon attracted d thousands of people to the s.ot. The vast steno. t are, although only partially prepared for the re A caption of the patrous of the City Railroad Com r. pany, who have erected it for the free use of r- everybody visiting the lake shore, was enjoyed 1- as one of those necessities which hove long been 11 felt. 1- A splendid band, Charley aseger's old corps, n under the leadership of Herr Woolfe, entertained 0 the attendants with splendid selections from the masters, and In the evening the building was brilliantly Illuminated. o All sorts of refreshments (spirituous liquors e excepted) were to be had at the calling, served it on neat tables and in clean and bright glassware and cro-kery, evidenoing a good management. d The advantage of the new pavilion lies in Its siluation :far out in the lake, which permits s the prevailing land brei zee to reach It after drinking of the colnese of the water. We write at euch a late hour that we can give only a pass. ' ing notice to this great improvement to 3. the New Lake End, an evidunoe of the enterprise a of the railroad company and the excellent man agement of Mr. J. Kittredge, but we will *eize every opportunity ia the future to refer to its good polnts and recommend it to the patronage of the public. Ladies will find daily a person of their sexlo attend to them in the ladies' dressing-room, u walob has been fitted up with due regard to their accommodation. A SATURDAY NIGH? BLAZE. Total Loss Estinsated at $20,000. u At a quarter to 11 o'clo k last night, a fire 0 broke out in the large two-story brick house, No. 0 29 Damaine street. The lower floor of this building was occupied by O.iver Legeal, as a I broom factory, while on the second floor resided I the Cazanx family. This properly was totally destroyed. t The fl Imes then extended and destroyed the brick building No. 23 Dumalne street, which was 0 unoocnpied. The flames then communicated to the wire I store of Barlolara & Sparrecio, and slightly damaged it. Whether any of the properties destroyed were I insured or not could not be ascertained. Total Slois estimanr d at $20,000. The alarm Vas sound red from box Nc. 214. a MOUTHERN PATESITS. Mir. HI. N. Jenkins, Solicitor of Patents, No. 27 SCommercial Place, oficially reports to the Dsmco - cEa? the following complete list of patents Igranted Southern inventor, for the week ending SJune 5, 1877: Louisiana-Arietide Gerard, New Orleans, cvav'at, electric annun lator; Joseph Jonet, New Orleans, caveat, wheel for elevatiiig water; lsidore W. itounsel, hlacelaud, cane juice bleaching ap oaratue. Arkansas..John P. Duncan and D. H1. Crehs, Helena, Ia k valve. &ll'eiveippi-tI. Roby, Kosciunko, combined cotton scraper and cnltvator; It. J. Ward. Sesi at. bia, fences; La Fayette W. Liles, Jackson, plow. Taxas-A. A. Fowler, Pdauo, sulky plow. In Carrollton. On Friday the case of Peson and othere, obargi d with the brutal assaulL on Kate Leland, came up before Judge Pardee, but owing to the absence of the princ pal witness for the State, had to be continued. Kate Leland has since been arres ed and made to furnish bonds in the sum of $500 to appear and give her evidence. The case of Leopold and Martin, indicted for burglary, was also continued. The Customhouse Commisslon. The comnmisaion having entirely completed its labors. Gen. Sheldon, one of the commissioners, left for Washington yesterday evening by the Jackson route. Gen. Sheldon will tarry a day or two on the way, but will arrive at the capital at the same time as thb report, which will probably be forwarded from this city to-day. We call the attention of planters and the trade to the n tice publi-hed in anottb r column by Messrs Ogden & Bell of their planters' enamless cotton bags for picking cotton. Messrs. Ogden & Bell have long been known to our city for their enterprise and the excellence of ti eir good.. What they now offer is superior to anything that has ever been tried before. LETTER FROM CHICAGO. CHICAIiO's WONDIIRWUJL EROWTE-RM WATERWORKS, SPLEIIIDIS UUIL13 INEN AND ENrEEPRIME. The Palmer House-A compearisn oUt' American with European Uotels- A Fine Lumber Mill. (Spooial Correspondence of the Democrat.] CHICAGO, June 27, 1877. This city- Chicago-Is situated ln.latutud. 40 dog. 10 min. N., and longitude 10 deg. IS ain. W. from Washington. When the gso-b graphlos are revised for the school childrencl the future the lguroseoxpressivo of the longi tude will be reduced to zero, since all miert dians will of course be reckoned from the MwI'ROPOLIo or TI1r WORLm. The population of Chicago for 1877 Is esti mated at 53;,073. It Increases steadily at the rate of 10 per cent per annum; 83 hundredths of 1 per cent per month; 19 hundredths of I per cent per week, and 274 ten thousandths of t per cent per day. It Is not fecessary to give the rate of Increase per hour and per minute. In five years it will contain 862,000 inhabi tants; in ten years 1,; ip fifteen yeams 2,232,000; 98t'st the prý -, years and at next Centennial bly everybody In the United States will be embraced in tia population of this city. COleago lies on thr sides of the Chicago river and one side U Lake Michigan. Its principal suburbs are Hyde Park, Calumet, Waukegan and St. Louis, Mo. Its chief products are railroads, water works, sub-fliuvian tunnels and Boses Hosing. It is noted for newspapers, enterprise, rapki growth, and the Palmer House. It does a large bulness In grain, lumber, provisions and fires. Up to 1833 the cite of Chicago was AN UNIIECLAIMED MANOR with a pestilential little bayou running through It. It was the headquarters of the North American Fur Company, and of a United States military post, and the resort of wolves, Indians, and a few half-breeds. An late as 1840 its population was only 4479. Ia 1850 It had Increased to 29,968, and in 1861) to 109,200. Fifteen years ago the houses stood at the level of the lake, and drainage wan, consequently, difficult, If not Impossible. Since then the whole city has been raised fourteen feet, an effort of energy and skill, which has never been surpassed. This Is only one of the many pecullarities of Chlcages Another is the remarkable SYSTEM OP WA7ZAWoRns. Lake Michigan contains as delightfully pure fresh water as can be found on the globe; but, on the surface, and near the shore,-it was apt to become polluted by the neighborhood of a great city. To avoid this difficulty a tunnel two miles long was constructed under the bottom of the lake. At the lake end the tunnel connects with a shaft sunk in the lake bed by means of a coffer-dam, above which Is a building popularly known as "The Crib." Into this dam, and thence Into the tunnel, the flow of water from the depths of the lake Is regulated as necessity requires. From such a reservoir the supply Is, of course, constant. and inexhaustible. THPROtGIt THTE1 TUNNEL the water is conducted to an immense well beneath the great waterworks building on shore, and thence It is raised by steam ma chinery to a height from which it distributes itself, by its own weight, to all parts of the city. It is proper to say that, in order to most the demands of a rapidly growing popu lation, a second tunnel has just been con structed. so that the water aunniv nnw amounts to 150,000,000 GALLONS A DAY. The cost of this work was $8,000,000. I am told by people here that times are very hard in Chicago; that business is dull, real estate down and affairs generally in a bad way. In fact, I hear the same complaints that have been rife in every great city of the civilized world sinue the disastrous crash In 1873. When you speak to a Chicago man of the magnificonce of the city, of its marvelous growth, its energy and its enterprise, he smiles a smile of deprecation, and remarks that, BUT FOR TIIR FIBB and the commercial crisis, Chicago would be a goxxl deal nearer finished ;han it now is. But, in truth, the fire gave an opportunity for such a display of energy and persever ance as, I presume, has never elsewhere been seon. I have looked upon many monuments of human enterprise--the underground rail ways of London, the Thames Embankment, the Mont Cenis Tunnel-but I have never sewn anything to compare with the rebuilding of Chicago after the destruction wrought by the fire of 1871. Not quite six years have passed, and, save by here and there a. vacant lot, no trace of the great conflagration remains. The city has SPRUNG INTO RENEWED LIFE, more vigorous and more beautiful than be fore. The corporate limits of Chicago embrace about forty square miles. As at present built it extends along the lake about five miles, north and south, and about two miles west ward, say an area of ten square miles. The fashionable quarters are at either extremity. The people of the south side, I believe, claim the wealth and fashion, and the people of the north side the aristocracy. To judge by ap pearances these qualities are about equally divided, though the finest streets, at present, both commercially and otherwise, are on the south side. I know of no commercial quar ters of any city in the world that surpasses the SPLENDOR AND MAGNIFICENCE of the business part of Chicago, and the splendor and magnificence are not confl pd to one or two streets, but pervade a dozen or more wide and commodious thoroughfares, such as State street, Clark street, street, Fifth Avenue, Wabash Avenue, dolph street, Washington street, street, Monroe street, etc. All of these - sect one another at right angles-in fact, the whole city is laid out regularly, so that a stranger can have no difficulty in finding his1 way about town. Some of the greatest commercial establish ments in the country, some of the finest com mercial edifices, and unquestionably THE rPIrT UMo1¶Ls and newspaper establishments are included, sAcmUmed ea aizi Rag..