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THE NEW ORLEANS DAILY DEMOCRAT,
OFFICIAL JOURNAL OF THE STATE OF LOUISIANA AND OF THE CITY OF NEW ORLEANI. VOL, II--NO. 19(1. NEW ORLEANS, WEDNESDAY, JULY 4, 1877. PRICE, FIVE CENTS. CAPITAL NEWS. THU RIO GRANDE TROUIbLES. gen. 'revineo intrauted to Prevat the United states Troopi from tressing the Rio Grande. WASHINOTON, July 8.-Instructions issued to Geon. Trevino, commanding on the Rio Grande, in connection with the orders issued to Gen. Ord, authorizing him to follow Mexi van marauders across the river, are positive. Gen. Treviflo is instructed to resist such in ,asion, but the Mexican War Department takes care to explain that such resistance .could not he considered an act of war against the United States. Trevino is Instructed to eend a commissioner to Gen. Ord to explain these views and to assure him of his willing nees on the part of Mexicans of observing the extradition treaty between the United States and Mexico, but at the same time a doterml nation to maintain all her rights under the laws of nations. The order also states that (on. Mats is fully emnpowercd to treat on these subjects at Washingtomn. The Ritght Hours' Labor Law. (ovneial to the Dnmnerat.l WAsInlrrroN, July 3.-. -Ti Secretary of the Navy has issued a general order promul gating the decision of the New Jersey Su preme Court in regard i to the eight hours' law, and says that under this construction of law all the workmen employed by the depart nmfnt electing to labor only eight hours per I day will receive proportional reduction of thoeir wages. Publlc Lands. [Heoonal to the Democrat.l, WASHtrnOoN, July 3.--udge Humphreys, of the Supreme Court of the DIstrict of (o lumbla, decided that judicial authority can not interfere wIth thn Executive Department in adjudging lands in (!olorado to Col. Wm. Craig. Appolnn ments. [H4nnoial to the Democrat.] WAsnHtNOTroN, July 3. -'The President signed the commisshon of Olis II. Russell, Collector of Internal Revenue, Third Distrlit of Vir ginia. It has been decided to'appoilnt Frederick A. Pratt as Collector of Customs of Newport, R. I. A New Call for lth Redemption of Ronds. [Special to thi Democrat.] WASRINorToN, July 3.-- The Treasury will probably issue a call Thursday for the re demption of ten millions of bonds on account of the 4 per cents taken by the Syndicate. The New Mexican Mlnleter. Ldpoolal to the lemoorat.1 WAstRiroToN, July 3.--Gon. Mata, recently appointed by Dlaz to represent Mexico at 1 Washington, has not had an interview with Serestary Elvarts conceoriing his recognition as Minister from the Dlaz (overnmtinlt There la no Indication that he will be received as such, or of any change of pollcy of the' the Administration respecting either the Diaz 1 (jovernmont or instructions to Gen. Ord to pursue marauders on American soil into Mex oico. The lepartment of Agriculture. I WASHNGeTON, July 3.---(Cemmiislonr Le I Due has taken possession of the Agricultural Department. The cotton interests will be glad to hear that. Mr. Dodge, the statistician, continues in f char~ of the statistical bureau of the (lepart- 1 The Speeches at Boaton. t WAsHINoTow, July 3.---It Is claimed in high circles that the speeches maden during the President's visit to ioston were comnposed with a view of excluding political or other signiiicance. DOMESTIC NEWS. t slgnilicanle. DOMESTIC NEWS. Dexter Park Rarer. ISpeclal to the Democrat.] CiIOAOo, July $.--At the Dexter Park yes terday, the first race in the 2:20 class was won by Herod in 2:294-2 :33%-- 2:31. The soCotmd race, rmunning, one and ono-elghth miles, for all ages, was won by Lightning in I :rM. Ion nie Bell's rider was thrown, dragged by (mne foot in the stirrup, and kicked so severely In the head that heo died in ten minutes. The third raoe, three-quarters of a mile dash, for two year olds, was won by Kate Claxton. Blaine and RoUesmOl' Npeeche.. iDpeeial to the Dmncrat.l TaEN'TON, N. J., July 3.- The public dinner 'given last evening t oGeorge M. Robeson, ex Secretary of the Navy, was a grand affair. Mr. Itobeon spoke principally hi lefonse of his administration of the alvy. lie was not dcandidato for office, he said. but he was a party mall who believed in a party for polit cal purposes. Senator James (. Blaine, who was present, defended Republicanism as natilonal, espe elally as It was administered by (fen. (rant. Protection of the rights of citizenship in eyery State was its cardinal Meatures, and a government that did not offer proteclion to .every citizen in every Stat, had no right to demand allegiance. Nothing was said in reference t,) the present Administration, except Iby implication. Maintenance of the patty intait was strongly urged. tCen. Kilpatrick spoke of the army aind dealt some hard blows as to its present con dition. It was long ate.r midnight I, ffore the nassnt blage broke up. Flmuaggling at New York. [8pecial to the Democrat.] NEW YolK, July 3.--Purser Oliver, of the steamship England. and a dock clerk named Edgar P. Andrews have been arrested for complicity in smuggling silks and laces. From books and papers in the possession of the authorities it is estimated that in the last eight years goods of the value of a million dollars have been brought to this country from England without paying duty. Mr. Graff, general dock superintendent of the Na tional Line, and Thomas Grey, cooper on the dock, were arrested for complicity in this smuggling. Iaveatigatlng Senator Grover. (Special to the Democrat] San FRAwCisco, July 3.-A commission to 'isvestigate the charges against Senator Irover, of Oregon, of using money for the purpose of securing his election to the ion ste, met yesterday at Portland. Prepara ions seem to indicate a searching inquiry. Dead. [Bpecial to the Democrat.] BAtTMOREZ, July 8.--Prof. Nathan H. Smith, a distinguished surgeon aid writer !or the medical journals of the country, died lhis morning. Dexter Park Rares. C(IU Aoo, July 2.--First Race.--Dexter Park Races, one-eighth of a mile; Lightning won, kdventure second. Time 1:54. The rider of Bonnie Bell was thrown and killed. FOREIGN NEWi'. Utladstone's Letter. [3poclal t ithe Demoorat.l LoSDoN, July 4.-,-Mr. Glaldstono has wrlt an a letter in reply to the address from the Baptist Churches in Worcestershire, denying bny analogy between the circumstances of the iresent time and those of 1870. He states that fa vote of money is now demanded, it must ind ts justification otherwise than by the recedeint of 1870. The Pope's Illtness. ISpecial to the D"moorat.l RoMp, July 8.--The Pope was so Ill yester lay that many bishops, who were about to eave Rome, postponed their departure. The Hand that Wields the Pword. I(4Heeial to the Demoerat.i PARTS, July 8.--The 1hys,. referring to President MarMahon's order of the day to he troops who participated in the review Sunday, says: "At last we feel that we are °uled by a hand that wields a sword. The cihef Af the army has appealed to bayonets, andi il must now return to their duty." rho English Workingmen Wait on Irant. (Seniial to the Democrat.) LONDON, July 8. A deputation of forty iaen, each representing a different trade and -epresenting altogether about a million Eng ish workingmen, waited on ex-President Irant at Consul General Badeau's house to lay and presented him an address of welcotom ,o England. A Prench Factery Burned. [Hpeclal to the Demorat.l LONDON, July 3.-Lloyd's spinning and weaving factory, at IRoten, France, burned, ;hrowlng 253 employes out of work. The Clerieallsts and Ionnapartists. PAnts, July 3.--Clerical and Bonapartist atpers are delighted with President MacMa ion's order, issued on the occasion of the re tew in the Bois de Bologne. It has cau sed a inmnndnm ann.nt.itln ILU[UUUSO WeluUHLU.ll ***--~~l----- WAR NOTES. ABOUNRD HARM. Iloody F.ight'ng Endlnr In the Defeat of the Runanans. tfperial to the Democrat.] NEw YORx, July 3.--Dispatches from Erze roum, dated Sunday, say that the siege of Kars was raised that day, and the Russian forces are now retroating toward the frontier. The sortie from Kars on Hunday in repro sented as one of the most bloody and des perato struggles of the war. The Turks fought with great gallntry, and the damage they inflicted was immense. In the battle of Meervin, which also took place Sunday, the S~usslan loss was about four thousand. The Turks are greatly olated over their success, and represent that the Russians are in a state of utter demoraliza tion. Royal Commander. IHpecial to the Democrat.] SIMNITZA, Juno 3E)- -The Czar, with his staff, is expected In a few days to draw near Guier give for the purpose of pursuing the reduc tion of Rustchuk. (Gen. Skabeloff's division of Cossacks is to be broken up in detachments and respectively entrusted to the Czarowitch, Prince Eugene of Leucht.nlesrg and probably the Archduke Nicholas, the younger. Killing Women and Chlldlren. HSpoecal to thn DI)nncrat.) LONDON, July 3.-A special from Sllunla says it is estimated I hat 200 women and chil dren have isen already killed Iy the bom bardment of Rustchuk. The Englh Medtllerranean Fleet. [Hpeoial to tile Dmocrat.] LONDON, July 3. -Concerning the sending of the fleet to Besika Bay the supporters of the governnRTnt say that the Mediterranean fleet is for representation and protectiqn of British interests,and that it is now properly stationoed where its presence is most noteedl. Persons who doubt the pacific declaration of the Government argue from this movement that it is its Intention to keop the ]ussians out of Constantinople. Another CrosMlng of the Danube. [Special to the Democrat.] LONDON, July 3 -Great activity Is notice able all along the Danube, anld another cross ing is in preparation near Balari, below 1 Rustchuk. A Flood in spain. [Spcital to the Democrat .] MADRID, July 3.- An inundation in the province of Muria has seriously damaged I tihe railways. Twenty-two personis were I drowned. Conspirators Againlat tile Gavernment. I IMsacial to the Democrat.]) PARIs, July 3.-Senor Serilla and other t Spaniards implicatexl in the plot against the Spanish and French governments will be ex pelled from France. t The British Fleet. t [Special to the Demnorat] t CONSTANTINOPLE, June 3.-The British fleet t arrived in Besika Bay. A rumor that it will come to Constantinople is erroneous. The Russian Position in Bulgaria, [S8eci d1 to the Demo-rat.l] LoNDON, July 3.-Telegrams from Simnitza C and Bucharest remark upon the dilatory tae- j ice of the Russians since they crossed the v Danube. The position they occupy is for tunately admissible for defense, and the time allowed by the Turks has enabled them to bring up men and guns enough to defend it. No MPiInlelaneC . iLONDIpN, July 3. --The YtanMdard, in a lead ing article, announces that the government has ordered the fleet which left Rhalskum Bay to proceedl immedliately to Befika Bay, and adds that no sinister significanee need he attached to this nmeasure, which is merely one of ordinary precaution. Gone to shumla. LoNnoon, July 3. A Roluter telegram from Constantinople says: Rledif P'asha, Minister of War, started for M4humla to-day. Servia Will Declare fie Independence. L(ODo)N *July 8.-- The tH/tndard's Vinnna dispatch states that the Hurvian Skouptchina held sMveral secret sittings. The' peace party still has the up per hand. The Timen' I elgrarol dispatch says: The Hkourpt(hina wIll deiare thi Indoepndence of Horvia. The Rauestan. Prenmilng Forward. LONDnoN, July 3.-Thel latest rhporst indli cate that only the (lossack -advance had reached Tlrnova, nnd that the Czar himsielf would move nearer to the front for the pur pose of pushilng the reduction of Rustchuk. The RussIlans are prnssing on beyond Tir nova towar(i the Balkans. Governor of Dulgarla. ILONDON, July 3.--1'rince Tcherkoski has I booeen proi.lal nied provisional Governor of the province of Ihulgaria, armi elections ordered. IgEngland and Austria. naTs.. July 3.-.A general understanding has been arrived at between England and Austria with regard to certain eventualities. *MONEH AND STOCKS. [(oeelal to the Democrat.] NEw Yonx, July 3.--Gold 105,11. U. S. 6's of 1441, 111 ; do coupons, l11'?1123d; 5-20's of1865, new Issue, 11a(@i10o6'; do. of 1807, 100/ @109%,; do. 1868, coupons, 112; 10-40's lI2r~; de. coupons, 113; cutrrency O's 123; now 5's 111h , LoNDoN, July 3.--Consols for money 94 6-10; U. H. 5-20's -of 1865, 1053; do. of 1867, 1060; 10-40's 1ib9; new fives 108%; Erie 6O. DO8IFTIC MARKETS. (HSeclal to the I)omoorat.] COIINNATIl, July 3.--Flour steady. Wheat 'easier - white $1 80@1 90. Corn steady, 5lr(@52. Oats steady, 40445. Whisky steady, $1 05. 1'rovislons uient, nominally un- I changed. Mr. Letors, July 3.- Flour unchanged. Wheat quiet; No. 2 red fall $1 77 hid cash, No. 3 do $1 70 cash, $1 35 July $1 20/ý1 21'-4 1 Ahkgust. Corn higher; 45t'@i46 cash 45@6( 4 now half July, now half Jul 45%qc415- now half Au gust. Oats dull; 3 bid. Whisky steady I $1 0t4%. Pork quiet; job lots $13 25 cash, half I Heptkmber. Bulk mncats dull; 4/ bid for i sho ulders, 6.'% id for clear rib. Baron and 1 lard unchanged. RIVER NEWS. IBpe'ial to the )emoerat.] M.a'lts, July .--The Golden Rule, for Cincinnati, passed up thils afternoon with 91)0 tons freight. .- i j _ ) Il .IVILLE 'PARItU, Railroad and School Matters. PLAQUEMINU, June 30,1877. Editor Democrat-The weather has been very warm here of late and too dry. The crops are good but backward, and need rains every week now. I am glad to see that our esteemed log part in our Pacific Railroad move fellow-citizen, Edward J. Gay, Sr., is tak ment. We need this road. It can and should be built by our people, and it is honed the good work will not lag. It would seem "Prominent Republi cans" are much concerned about the management of the public schools just now. We wonder it Parson Newman or Jim Blaine suggested the idea of the recent call on Gov. 'Nicholls in relation to this matter. It is a pity these wisdom-struck sages did not concern themselves a little more seriously about the management of these schools when the party "of great moral ideas" had it all to them selves. This party has spent a mint of money in its so-called management of the public schools, and has left nearly if not every school board in the State involved in debt, with little or nothing to show for the money spent, The school board of this parish finds itself confronted with bills made by its predecessors amounting to over $5000 and so pretty ufch with every board front which we have heard. PELICAN. .... --.k @s-- --- RADICAL RASCALS. Unearthlng a Pestilent Brood in South Carolina. [Cinolnatl Enoqiifrr.] COLUMBnIA, S. C., June 29.-Carpenter the ex-Internal Revenue Collector, had a hearing to-day. In addition to the two charges of forgery brought against him several days ago for $1200, two more for forgery and altering the figures of pay certificates for public printing were brought against him to-day. The two latter charges involve over $3000. He had a preliminary hearing, and was defended by Judge Milton, Cham berlain's former law partner. The examining justice sent him of to the criminal term of the Court of General Sessions, which meets next week, and bailed him in the sum of $5000. One of the witnesses, whom the law required to sign the certificates, declared under oath to-day that he opposed signing the certificates, but was instructed by Chamberlain, then Attorney Generel of the State. who afterwards became fa mous as Governor of South Carolina, to sign the certificates. A perfect panic exists among the old rats of the party, all of whom will be implicated in one species or another of villainy before the committee get through. Thompson, the former editor of the Union.Ilerald, Chamberlain's or gan-a paper owned almost entirely by the ex-Governor-was summoned before the committee to-day. His record in the Freedmen's Bank business is not the best, and it is thought that the fig ures will tell yet roughly on him before the work of the committee is over. Cow PzAs.-Messrs. A. A. Greenwood & Co. advertise in another c lumn a reduction in the prie of their large stock of mixed and whippoor will peas. They offer to sell now at $2 per bush-.L 'his i.,w price wdll no doubt enable many to pro cure this most valuable vegetable fertilizr. mhere are many farms that are positively value- i less now that mighe be restored to their former raloe by a proper ruse of the pi via.. TIHE SCHOOL BOARD. PUBlIC $CHOOLt TO RN SEYPARATEDE AS TO RACIE. Rut the High erhoele Are Not to be Abellehed. The School Board met last evening in the Councll Chamber. Present-I-on. T. J. Semmes, lseeinger, Bartley, Mitohell, Seaman, Craig, Rogers, Swarbrick, Fayerweather, Tourne, iutheim, Collins, Handy, Martinet and Oapde vile. The reports of committees were first called for. The Committee on Finanoe reported, through its chairman, that the rolls for July and August for rent should be paid. He also reported a resolution to pay fifty per cent of the roll for August, 1875. The resolution was carried. For September, 1878, he reported that there was noe on hoad an aenuioit fitgeient to pay about 50 per centum, but, inomuomu as funds would probably be coming in, he thought it beest to walt until next meeting. The Committee on Furniture and Supplies re ported a resolution asking leave to purchase cer tain furniture for the MoDonogh No. 7 School. which resolution was to be laid over until the next meeting and to advertise for proposals. Adopted. Mr. Craig stated that the furniture in Franklin School was in a deplorable condition. The same committee offered a resolution an thorialng them to advertise for proposals for fur nishing three thousand barrels of coal. Adopted. Mr. Mitchell reported on behalf of the Com mittee on Normal and High Schools, a recom mendation relative to the propriety of admitting certain pupils 1ho had not filled their full time for diplomas, after an examination, which was adopted. A number of petitions were read and referred to appropriate committees. The following petition, numerously signed. was then presented by Mr. Martinet: To the Hoqproble the Members of the Board of School Directors of the city of 'iew Orleans: Gentlemen-Your memorialists and petitioneis represent a large class of your fellow-citizens and constituents, to whose iotereste, in you' official capacity, you are assumed to have regard. At a called meeting of your board, held on the night of the 21d oltimo, at your usnual place of sssemblage--tbe City Hail-M-r. Archibald Mitchell, chairman of a specidl committee, pre sented a report in which at is stated: "Personal observation and universal testimony concur to establish the feot that public ednoation has greatly deteriorated since colored and white children were admitted indlscriminately into the same schools. It is not the province of this com mittee to investigate the cause which prevents the different races from receiving all the advanr tages of a public education under those circam stances, nor is It for ns to say whether the objec. tion to daily social intercourse in our schools, which exist between the races, is a prejudice or an instinct, but we recognize the fact, end that it has to a very considerable extent impaired the efioiency of our public schools, which it is the primary duty of this board to promote. The evils which have arisen from the ill-ad vised action of our predecessors in forcing the chiddren of both races into the same schools are threefold. 1. From many of the schools the turbulent spirit of the white boys has partially and in some cases entirely exoluded colored children, and of oourse from all the benefits of publie edqoation. 2. A large number of the children-of that clals which is most benefitted by public education have been pratcidally excluded from its advan tages, in oonsequeno, of the repugnance on the part of their parents to permit their children to mingle socially with another race. 8. The greatest drawback upon the efficiency of those of our public sohools in which the two isoes are mingled arises from the Impossibility of maintaining discipline without exercising a degree of severity that would destroy or greatly impair their utility. Good discipline, manifested by subordination, obedience and good order, your o 'mmittee regard as absolutely essential to the effiraoy of any system of education, but dis cipline must be maintained without severity, else order is pusohseed at too high a price. With undue severity school becomes a hateful prison, and study repulsive from aseeooition. Proper discipline can only be maintained by a wise and kind firmness. Thb constant antagonism exhibited in quar rsal. biocerings and disenrsinna h atwaan annh.. rsle, bickeringe and disensione between pupils t of the different races, both inside and outside of t the schools, that-ostracism, attended with hu· i miliation-whloh one race inflicts upon the other, - and which cannot be remedied by the best of t teachers, convince your committee that the ednu t cation of both races would be greatly promoted t by conducting it in separate schools. We recommend this course with less reluotance as we are assured that at least nine-tenths of r both races warmly approve it. Your committee, therefore, unhesi atingly recommend separate Sqobhools for the two races, in which each shall re oeiv: precisely the same opportunitides of obtain. uing an equal education." a Besides the foregolng reasons which your com mittee deem ample to warrant them in recoun mending that white and colored children be edu o ,ted apirt from each other, they are confirmed in their belhefof the wise policy of this plan by the esamples of the great cities of New York, Philadelphia and Oincinnati-whose school re ports are before us-in which It appears that I separate schools for the two races form a part of their system of public educaotion. Your committee in dismissing this subject would remark, that if feelings exist whibh im properly alienate the two races, reasoning as well as all historical evidence hbve clearly proven that laws or coercive force of any kind, instead of eradicating them, will on the contrary, strength en and perpetuate sentiments. which if not be founded on reason, would gradually fade away and be forgotten. In r 1erence to this recommendation of your committee and the proposed action of your board, your petitioners, as coequal citizens, against I whose rights and whose privileges your board conlemplates a grave wrong and palpable injns tice, submit that the arguments used in the fore. going excerpt of your report are based on an entire obliviousness of the laws creating the public echoot system in Louisiana and a disre gard of a solemn oath of office. The fourteenth amendment of the constitution ,of the United States declares that "Atl persons born or naturalized in the United States, and sub ject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States, and of the State wherein they re side. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunit~es of citiz.ns of the United States," etc. Article two of the cdnstitution of Louisiana deolires that "All persons, without regard to race, color or previona condition, born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, and residents of thls State for one year, are citizens of this State. * * * They shall enjoy the same civil, political and public rights and privileges, and be subject to the same paine and penalties." Would the board be will. ing to make the pains and penalties different, or make a distinction in the obligations of colored citizens to the government ? Would it be wtlling to reduce the apportion ment of the State'. representation in Congress and in the Electoral Cotlege, becaute of the im plied "abnormal political status" of newly made citizens? Article 135 of the constitution of Louisiana declares that "The General Assembly shalt es tablish at least one free public school in every parish throughout the State, and shall provide for tse support by taxation or otherwise. Ail children between the ages of six and twenty-one shall be admitted to the public schools, or other institutions of learning sstsained or established by the State, in common, without distinction of rare, C:1: or prviou condi.ios. There shall be no separate schools or testitutLons of learnon established exelhsively for any race by the. Statt of Louislans." All the publio schools here are established bI the State of Louleianas-.Th Legelatlie souald not establith separate schools or institutions of learning exclusively for any race, and can it be possible for a school board to do it? Can the legislative creature become more potent than th power which creates its creator, the Legislal ture? But again, we extract from the constitution: "No municlpal corporation shall make any rule or regulations contrary to the spirit and Inten tina of artiole 185," jst quoted. (See arti'ce 186 of the constitution.) Your board concedes that appropriation hab been made for the support of the schools your committee would separate on account of race and color, and It therefore admits that they are the public sohools contemplated and provided for in ard by artloles 185 and 186 of the State Sonsiitn lion. Article 140 of the constitution of Louisiane provides that "No appropriation shall be made by the General Assembly for the support of any school or any private institution of learning what ever. Now, if the shobools your report trests of are publIo, yourkbord is power leito separate idp am on oootint of race or cdlo, whltevet may be the consequenoe to public education as set forth in your committee's report; and ii they be private schools, the board cannot use the school fund for their iupport. Boch are the con sti utional requirements. The He cool Beard is the offspring, if it be legitimate, qf the onstitu'lon, and it cannot, if it woul, abnegate Ps duties under the authority of that itrtrument. It swears to support it. Here is the oath. Let every hon est citizen read it, and see If it leaves room in the conscience of any officer who takes and sub scribes it, for a distinctioo of races on any ao count, whether it be the "deterioration of public edttcation," or other pretext or consideration. Every member of your board, and officer of this State government, has taken this oath pre soribed by article 99 of the state constitetion: "I do selemoly (or affirm) that I aoocpt the civil and political equality of all men, and agree not to at tempt to deprive any person or persons, on sc count of race, color or previous condition, of any politioal or civil right, privilege or immunity, en joyed by any other class of men That I will supoort the constitution and laws of the United sLates, and the constitution and laws of this state; and that I will faithfully and impartially discharge and perform all the duties ineumbent on me as -- , asdording to the best of my ability or understanding. to help me God." Constitutionslly,.then, whatever sentiment may dictate or zeal influence your board, you will readily perceive that your contemplatel action will be [p violation of law. Sentiments as to the effeot of the common school system now in vogue sad in duration in our State for the past nine years are not, gentlemen, with due respect both for your duties as school directors and your poet. tion as publio servants, what either the law or constitution exact of you in your official oats. Whether all that you urge in plea of your proposed step be in any sense correct, we, your petitioners, will not now discuss. Our duty, both as your fellow-citizens and constituent, antd of the class against whom you have been at pains to express this wrongful inmeat, is, flrmty and re spectfully, in the full dignity of American oitl ens, to protest; and in the name and behalf of that unity and exalted purpose which should in spire all good citizens, we invite your considera tion. Dr. Fayerweather, after the redling of the resolution, said: Mr. 'resident-I regret exceedingly that so seri ns a subject has arisen at this time for our consideration and discussion. On the eve of a general election of teachers, and having worked harmoniounly and trustingly together, with a unity of purpose, with interests in ommon, and those interests the advancement of ednoational work for the general good, it seems a pity that we should be abruptly brought to meet this vexed question. The esurprise that aw·dted Us at the last nleerite in th4e High aschool Oonmlt-. tee's report," instead of abating, has rather inten siLfd, as we have become more acquainted with its nature. When, at the solicitation of an earnest and Influential number of gentlemen, I consented to become a member of this board, it was after ma tore reflection and with a full knowledge of its duties and responsibilities. The assurances and pledges of our worthy Governor, oft reiterated, had left me nothing to fear regarding the rights of our race. The oath of office administered and taken in good faith, was omncfnsive evidence c to me that we were actuat d by the best of mo tives, and a logioal deduction necessarily re- r suited, viz: That colored men, having been cor dially extended an invitatin to become members of this board, and no disposition manifested thus far to set them aside or treat them other than as equals, what reason had we to suppose t that the children were better than their parents? a Now, gentlemen, we solemnly swore to accept the civil and political equality of all men, and ( agreed not to attempt to deprive any person or persons of their rights, and to support the con- 1 stltution and laws of the State as they are, not as we desired them to be, so help us God. Article 185 of the oonstitution reads: All chil dren of the $tate, between certain ages, shall be r admitted to the public schools or otner inetitu- d lions of learning, in oommm. There shall be no t separate schools or institutions of learning es tablished exclusively for any race by the State of 1 Louisiana. b With this light before us, are we expected to t forswear or stultify ourselves? Can we admit by any action of ours, and without a sacrifie of o self-respect and manhood, that we are not all e peers ? That the report is able and great ability expressed therein, we would not deny; but are r forced to say, unhesitatingly, that on the eve of I a sleep of security,'so far as the thoughts of our rights being jeopardized were concerned, the too sin of alarm has been souded, and we cannot di- h vest ourselves of the belief that the aim at the t high schools is a fatal blow to us, for we are c slow to believe that New Orleans, the Queen City of the South, with its magnitude and, numbers, its wealth and intelligence, i, willing p to proclaim to the world ltsinability to retaln and sustain three high schools; that in this enlight- c' ened and prvg, essive age, when the public-cpir ited citizenb in every community, North, East I and West, are bending every energy to perfect p their systems of education, and are pointing with heartfelt pride and interest to their architee- a tural structures of learning, we tarry even on the is threshold. Knowledge is power; the possession of it makes the man, the want of it the felow. ci In the ''report" mention is made of cities that a maintain separate schools. I venture to say that tl their consttntions read different from ours, tl and would state that I attended schools f< both in Connecticut and Rhode Islalnd, and ex. perienced no difficulty on account of complexion. eI God is no respecter of persons. It further states that nine-tenthts of the colored people warmly gI approve it. My observation and experience is td that seven-tenths of the ntire community had rather this question had not been broached at w ail. My opiion is it would settle itself; for, m gentlemen, you are aware that under a Itepub lean administration and school board there was E2 manifested no disposit:on to indiscrtmmnately mix the schools, nor would there be. In ceonversa- ye Lion with a great number of persons, mostly of the i1 business commnunty, as well as able teachers ed where the scbools are mixed comparatively, as this school board is mixed, they one and all pr lament the agitation of this subject. of And why might not the colored members of er this board, on the same ground and for the ce same reason, demand a separate board of educe- so Lion, demand that no white teachers shall teach in colored schools, etc. th Now s ist to be w ,ndred at, Mr. President, at that in this cesmooolitan city, with its hetero eneous mass of peop e. or whom it may be safe- s / said that one-third is entirely illiterate, that m he friends of education should view with serious cs alarm this encroachment upon their dearest public interests. It is an unmistakable fast that as There is a growing tendency to stifle the spirit of to publio edecation, and this subtle agent begins at m lhe high schools with the subtle and sympathetic plea of no funds, matter of necessity and econ- ed )my. Then there is another "agency' at wo:k, a lone the less insidious, to remove a large class wbhch it controls into sectarian or parochial at schools. there is again the dampening influence of tb nea of wealth, who oppose taxation for public all dnuoation. It, therefroe, behooves the friends - i eduation to bestir thtmselves and aronse the people to a pitehoft enthulem ere there IN a combleetion of strenthb a eoncentraMon of forces, that will reest all snorts to oppose. STen ears ago there were about l4,05 elildre ttesa pdblic hoolsti n a a peas of over 00000. To-day with lt ,000 bhild.n. by the sen cession of colored chlldren we find deire to eat down that sum to ,~l0,000. We retreclh, but do not reform. Without further digressing on the time of lb. board, permit me to sag, In conclusion that f a not sit here and countenanoe, either in word cn sation, a violation of our oaths. Mr. Mitchell, as chairmas of the speelal com mittee, then offered the following: Whereas, this board in the perforjasnee of His paremount duty, which Is to give the best eda ation posesible with the means at ts disposal, to the whole population without regard to ras, color or previous oondition, is asured that ithi end can be'best attained by educating the diF ferent raes in separate shools; therefore be it Resolmvl, That the Committee on Teachers, aided and assistdd by the thperintendent, be am. thorised and instructed to take srao steps del. Ing vacation as may be necessary to carry this hlftey ih be said that it had been re marked tha thise tovement was unconutltllOtinat but he Lad taken the advice pf prominent lawyers, and their opanio was that the publie sohooli were not established under the State laws, and that they were a municipoi corporaion. He did and could no' see that there was any intention to make any difference between the raes in this resolution. For instance, as an lilustration, se pose differenoes ooourred betweena the OCathode and Protestant paplls in the public shoolt , and Is became necessary for a separation to be made could It be said that there was any infrnlagee of rights? He believed if a separation was not had it would surely effect a denial of education events ally. Thise esult would come surely if the two races were kept together for in a past epet . lion regime, when all the Metropolitan fully armed, could not entirely protect oon scholars, what would it be now? He would obey the constitution as far as be knew it, and hise own constretoen was the olti respoeslbility he was held to. He knew that there was an alienation between the races and that faet could not obliterated. Mr. Coleman asked that the resolautlon be r terred to the committee on teachers. Mr. Bartley asked whether or not It ought,to go to the committee on rules and discilpline. Mr. Coleman replied he felt tha It bshould go to the committee en teaehers, as that was the proper reference. Mr. Oraig spoke In favor of a reference, but wanted it made more broad. He was in favor of a high "careering" grade of schools and he felt both races oauJd get along together If the poii oeans would die out, himself included. He es. peeted to look down from heaven with Osear Dunn, that saint and sde white boys and black boys i partnership, running a line of steamathip to Africa. He wantoed bpansiveness. Mr. Ontheim offered an amendment that the part of the resolution relative to the separation of the schools be Inoluded in the resolution. Col. Collins asked fur intormation. He Mant*e to know what would be the effect of the resoltu tion, and whether the question would not come up again. The hobirman, Mr. Semmes, said the effret of the resolution was to send the whole matter to the Consideration of the ommittee. Mr. Collins said then that he would oppose the resnltlon, and he thought that the resolutito ought not to be carried. Thistiisotp e meot. It had been tried by the old board a was not a matter of surmise. In hi. own istriet he had visited schools where the children were not inised, and the scholare Were remurkasle advanced. Mr. Martinet favored the passage of the reA lotion. i a.. abSirhUk, iarvseu n.e pasage or t1er e u lotion. I Mr. Mitchell opposed the reference toea coa mittee. He felt that theboard ought to It"e the Squestion now, or it Would come ap again. He Salso bead ylsited colored echools end witnessed the advatremnent colored pupils, especaldly fa the Olio school. He had atl.iotled over bam d dred teachers, and thei agreed thet the purposes 0of education would be better darried out by divid n lg the schools. He did not see how any ose could say there wee any dlffereneo made in faveo Sof either race. The resolution and report of the peelal coa 5 mittee of the last meeting wee not referred. The question on the resolution ltself then came op. Mr. Martinet moved to strike out that portion of the resolution stating that it would best serve the intereets of the pelple by educating the col ored children in separate sQbools. d The amendment wasee loe On the original resolution Mr. Martinet called the yeas and nays, that his vote might be re corded. t Yeas-Bartley, Oapdevllle, Colenati, Oraid, Collins, Ferguson, Outheim, Handy, Hesainger, Mitchell, beaman, Swarbriok, O'Brien, Lanaux- '- 14. SNays--Marinet, Faverweather Tourne-8. Mr. Mitchell then offered the following: Whereas, in consequence of financial ember e rasement, and for other reasons, this board deems it expedient to abolesh the high schools; therefore, be it Resolved, That the committee on school Shouses, in conjunction with the Superintendent be authorized and instructed to carry into effeei the intentions of the board in the premises. Mr. (Gtheim offered the substitute that the organization of the public soheools as it now exists, be maintained for the current school year. V In support of his substitute he said that he regretted that he differed with the committee. He was sorry to see that an effort was made to eliminate the high schools. It was based upon the supposition that there were not funds enough to support them; that the b' ard was bound to take only what the city government, in its e charity, might give. The city was bound to keep the schools in re 1 pair and there would be left funds enough to sup. port the high schools as now. He admitted that in part it was true that the children attending the high schools were of parents who could afford to send them to other institutes, but on inquiry he found that many poor children received their efucation in them. Other cities were proud of their high schools, and why should we out them of. The question is simply one of expense, nothing else, and be maintained the board had the means. From the city came $275,000, and from the State $40,000, and the scholastic expense would not amount to t that. There was no necessity for cuatingdown the high schools, and it would be difficult to caet for the teachers in them. Mr. Mitchell responded as to the question of t ev. Mr. Gutheim said that the law gave the 1275,' 00, and be wo Id like to hear the opinion of the President, Mr. Semmes, on the subject. Mr. Semmes said that under the law the city was bhound to raise the $275,000 and a writ of mandamus would compel it. Dr. Seaman stated that the appropriation of $275,000, if needed, was due the public scnools. He stated that the city Administrators had not yet been applied to, and as they had a balanse of $150,000 or a recent surplus would undoubt edly aid the School Board. Mr. Fayerweather said that it should be thbe pride of every man to point to the high echoole of the city. Applicants to the position of teaen era if graduates of our high schools, always re ceived more attention than if from any other source. Mr. Ferguson wanted to know whether it wee the purpose of the schools to make psofessora and scholars, or simply good citizens. President Hemmes said that there might be some compromise of the question. The grade might be raised, and a good and thorough ed. cation in English given. Mr. Gutheum, in response to Mr. Ferguson, said that in his opinion the public schools were to make as many professors as possible. and as many scholars. Mr. Lloyd Coleman said that the object ,of education was to raise the massema, and tt ooold not be too high. Mr. Collins favored keeping within the revenues and the abolishm-nt of the, high schools. Superintendent Bogers said that he thought the pay rolls re*uc-d twenty per cent would not allow the high schools to extat under the budget. Cornomed ea Las rags.