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___l GY DEMOCRAT.
OFFICIAL JOURNAL OF THE STATE OF LOYIIANA ,ND OF CITY OF NEW ORLEANS. VOL. II---NO. 198. NEW ORLEANS, SATURDAY, JULY 7, 1877. PRICE, FIVE CENTS. DOIMESTIC NEWS. APlPR THIR HORSE TERIVE.a S letween the Thlevej and a Posse , In Arkalnsaa. [Special to the Democrat.] L1erma Roox, July 6.-On Satuaday last Deputy Sheriff White, with Dr. F. M. Milai_ and Rev. F. Sanders, of Prescott, Arkansas, ass posse, went in pursuit of James Thomp s)on, a notorious horse thief. On the night ol -July Sd they reached the house of Thoop Lewis, about fifty miles from Prescott, the headquarters of the horse thieves and outlawe from Texas, Louisiana and Arkansas, whore they made inquiries for Thompson. A fight ensued in a dark room, and the Rev. Mr. Saupders, who was the oldest and most re spected minister of the Cumberland Presby terlan Church in that section of the country, was killed at the first fire. Milain and White then riddled the murderer of Saunders, whose name is unknown, with four loads of buck shot. More Bankrupt Insurance Companie*c [Special to the Democrat.] SCHuiCAno, July'0 --The reciver of the Pub lie Life Insurance Company reports a bal ance of nearly $8,500,000 against the com pany. The boaurd of directors of the Chicago Life Insurance Company, after a report in which they condemn Secretary Clapp who has fled, declare that the company has lost money continuously since its organization, and in dicate to-day that they will apply for a re ceiver. The Indian Troubles. oSpecial to the Democrat.] SAN FanAxreco, July 6.-News from Gen. Howard's camp to June 80 is to the effect that eighty-lve Indians passed along the Bald Mountain, opposite the camp, June 29. in full view of the soldiers. Howard is hurrying fotward In order to pursue or find the d irec tion taken by the Indians. Joseph has now a day and a half start of the troops, and the opinion at-headquarters is that he will strike for the buffalo country. Trouble is reported among reservation Indians in Southeastern Nevada. Augustus Ash, United States Marshal, and Holland and Carter, Indian agents, were 'killed at the reservation. One of the mur derers was captured at t. George, Utah. LArTn.-A San Francisco dispatch from Plote says that there is no trouble with In dians in SouthwestNevada. The Indian agent was killed by horse thieves. The Grover Investlstion. [Special to the Democrat.] S\WAUsnrnoTox, July 6.-A Portland dispatch /5a~rs that in the Grover investigation, Senator F Goo.man, of Linn county, who favored the election of Nesmith, testified that he was ap proaA ed by J. H. Masler, a member of the Hous$ from Wasco county, who said there was m chance to make some money. I asked: "Who has thetnoney?" Herald: "I know where money is, and you ..an get a thousand dollars for your vote." To the question of who offered the money, the witness said: "You will have to Judge of that as I did." Another savings Dank Closed. [Special to the Democrat.] NrcI YORK, July 6.-The Clinton Savings Bank' closed to-day, owing to stagnation In business and shrinkage in values. Probable loss ten cents on the dollar. Hung. (Special to the Democrat.i ATLANTA, July 6.-The negro Jack Thomp son, who .killed two negro children, aged eight and two years, last winter, was hung at Lagrange to-day. Wliaonsin Greenback Convention. WILWAUKER, July 5.-Yesterday the green back convention met at Portage to renomi nate a State ticket. About 100 persons were present. E. P. Allis, of Milwaukee, was nominated for Governor. The platform calls for paper money and good times. Base Bail. LOUISVILLE, July 4.-Cincinnatis 3, Louis vuiles 1. BUFFALO, July 5.-Eries 7, Philadelphias none. CAPITAL NEWS. The Washington Monument. i[Secial to the Democrat.] WASHINGTON, July G.-At a meeting of the Washington Monument Association, a plan was submitted by Gen. Meigs.to terminate the present structure with a metallic spiro forty feet high, making a total height of 442 feet, the column resembling a tower in the public square at Venice. Gen. Meigs also ap proved the plan of Larkin G. Meade, to com plete the monument by placing a colossal statue of Washington upon the present structure; the figure to be 85 feet high and made of light hammered metal. The Thomas statue. [Special to the Democrat.] WASHINGTON, July 6.-The bids have been opened for the erection of the granite pedestal for the statue of the late Major Gen. Thomas, on M street circle in this city. The bids ranged from $8700 to $29,500. The President's Ofile-Holder Order. [Special to the Democrat.] WASHINGTON, July 6.-The Cabinet session to-day was mainly devoted to the discussion of the President's order prohibiting Federal officers from taking an active part in politics, and especially with reference to the question whether it should be enforced against certain officials who took part in the Iowa convention. It was agreed that while the order should be firmly maintained, there was no occasion to apply it to the Iowa office-holders, who were elected members of the convention before the order was issued. The New Mexican Minister. [Speelal to the Demoeraty WASHNGTON. July 6.-A letter accrediting Senor Mateo as Minister from the Diaz gov ernment was read to-day, but it was not con didered proper at present to take any action beyond its Irference to the State Department. ]Misdsltppi Patronare. WAnrIarTO, July 6.-Marshal Lake, of Mississippi, is here, on his way back from Albany, where he carried some Federal con victs. The Republicans are flghting over hi place. There appear to be no special charges against Lake, but many statements, more or less damaging, are all annoying to the Mar shal. It is said the appointment of Wells to the China consul generalship has exhausted th( foreign patronage due Misslsitppl. The Mexican Annexation Scheme. WA5InqNiTON, July 6.---Mr. BShlelcher, o1 Texas, expresses the opinion that any suppo. sltion that the President favors a Mexican an. nexation scheme Is rather wild. The south Carolina Dlock Delegation. WASHINOTON, July .-It is supposed the pure black delegation from Charleston have been captured en route; they have not yet troubled the President. FOREIGN NEWR. WAR NOTES. A tRnmored Turkish Victory at Nlatova. Mpecial to the Democrat.] LonooN, July 6.-Itis probable that there will be little of interest from the front until some new disposition of the troops by both belligerents are made necessary by the Rus sian advance in the Dobrudscha and opera tions near Simnitza are completed. A dispatch from Pera dated Thursday says that it is reported here that the Turks gained a great victory at Sistova. This is probably a canard. The Russians in Asia Awaiting Reinforce. ments. i[oeeial to the Democrat.] ERZKaouM, July 6.-Both armies remain inactive. The Russians are evidently await ing reinforcements before they do anything. Spain and France. PARIS, July 6.-The Spanish. authorities have discovered stores and arms in Navarre and are watching the French frontier care fully. The Bosnlans Praying for Austrian Occu pation. [Special to the Democrat.l BEGlRADEl, July 6.--The Greek and Roman Christians of Bosnia are anxiously awaiting the result of their petition asking for the oc cupation of Bosnia by Austrian troops. Many Mahommedans also favor foreign occupation. The Runssian Depots of Supplies. [Special to the Demoorat.] BUCHARsrT, July 6.-No important news is expected until the Russians have established their depots of supplies on the southern side of the Danube and prepared everything for their advance. The Russlan Mapaeuvres in Asia. [Rpeci&l to the Demoorat.] BERLIN, July 6. -The position in Asia is thus explained by the Russian official intel ligence : Gen. Tergu Kassoff, who was de feated near Delibaba, is seemingly deter mined toretrace his steps to the frontier and rescue Bayazid, while Gen. Melikoff, accord ding to latest Intelligence, intended to take up a position in the Araxis Valley and hold the road to Kars against a victorious force from Zewin. Roumanla and Austria. [Stecil1 to the Democrat.] VIENNA, July 6.-The Roumanilan govern ment, before sending troops across the Dan ube, inquired how Austria would regard such a stop and was informed as long as Roumania's army respected Servian neutrality, Austria would remain indifferent to its movements. Why the English Fleet Is at Beslka Bay. [Special to the Democrat.] LONDON, July 6.-In the House of Com mons this afternoon Sir Stafford Northcote, in reply to a question, said that the Mediter ranean fleet had been sent to Besika Bay be cause it would be a convenient station, en abling the commander to communicate easily with the English Embassador at Constanti nople and, also, with the home government. The Russlnn Losses in Crossing the Danube. [Special to the Democrat.] ST. P.rEnsnBRao, July 6.-It is officially an nounced that the Russian losses in crossing the Danube at Sistova were 300 killed and 400 wounded. A Battle atiBlela. [Special to the Democrat.] SHUvr LA, July 6.-A battle was fought Thursday in the vidlnity of Biela, lasting twelve hours. The Russians were repulsed with considerable loss, and fell back on Sis tova. The Turks on tile Danube Reinforced. [Special to the Democrat.] LONDON, July 6.--Sulieman Pasha has re ceived orders to march from Podgaritza to ward the Danube with forty-five battalions About as many more are ordered to Epirus. : FRANCE AND SPAIN, Debate inlthe Spanish Cortes on the Ex pulsion of Senor Zarilla. MADRID; July 6.-In Cbngress to-day Senor Castellar interpellated the government rela tive to the arrest and expulsion of Senor Zarilla and his associates from France. He contrasted their treatment with the hospita ble reception accorded Don Carlos and his partisans, and declared that the principles of international law had been ignored. The Minister of Foreign Affairs replied: Senor Zarilla was conspiring against the Spanish Monarchy and was connected with the International Society. The French au thorities, in the exercise of their rights, had considered that Senor Zarilla and his asso ciates might become the cause of a political disturbance. The Neutrality of the Dardanelles. LONDON, July 6.-The Edinburgh States man special correspondent at London,' dis cussing a rumor that it is proposed that the dispatch of the fleet to Besika Bay be fol lowed up by a more decided measure, says one or two Ministers would instantly resign rather than risk war with Russia on the question of the neutrality of the Darda nelles. P3-ltions Occupied by the Hostile Armies in Bulgarla. LONDON July 6.-The Times has the follow ing from Bucharest: It is stated here that over 120,000 Russians have crossed the Danube at Simnitza, where there are immense trains of artillery, bomprising some pieces of heavy calibre. The enthusiasm of the Russian troopsieverygreat. The cavalry marches two kilometres in advance of the infantry. As the Turks have no proportionate amount of cavalry, the Russians are scourging the country up to the foot of the Balkans. The Turkish outposts are at Jantra, which Is their present advanced line. The centre of their army is near Rasgoed, the right cover ing Rustchuk, the left stretching toward Shumla. 't is reported that only 12,000 men are left in Sillstria. The first great battle in Bulgaria will prob ably be fought on the above line, if the Turks give battle In open field north of the Balkans. Probably there will be little of interest from the front till a new disposition of troops by both belligerents is made. The Russian cavalry have penetrated to Ploina and Loftcha on the west, and to Tir nova and Kabroua toward the Balkans. They appear to be masters of the country between the Balkans and the Danube, and from Jantra to Ploina. An Alsarlan Paper Suppressed. LoNDoN, July 6.-The Times' Paris corre spondent reports that the Industrial Alsw'ian of Mulhouse, one of the chief anti-annexation and Democratic organs in Alsace, has been suppressed by the Gorman government. Austria's Interference in Behalf of loen teneogro. LoNDno, July 6.-The Standard's Berlin special says: Austria resolved to interfere nl favor of Montenegro only when she heard that Italy was about to make a naval demon atration along the Albanian coast to relieve the principality. In consequLnce of Austrian interference It is said the Turks have resolved to withdraw all the troops except a small corps. Sulelman Pasha Coniducting the Affairs of Montenegro. LONDON, July 6.-The ltandard's Constan tinople dispatch says: It is announced that Sulelman Pasha occuotes Cettije, and will conduct the affairs of Montenegro until pesae, which Austria is endeavoring to arrange, is concluded. This conflicts wlth all other in telligence on the matter and is probably un true. The War In Asia Practically Over. LONDON July 6.-The Daily Telegraph's Er zeroum dispatch says it is unlikely, even if the Russians are strongly reinforced, that they can successfully renew the Asiatic cam paign this year. Ten weeks hence the climate will preclude effective warfare. MONEB AND STOCKS. [8pecial to the Democrat.] NEW YORg, July 6.-Gold 105%. U. S. 6's of 1181; 111; do coulpons, 1l1r'il112%; 5-20'8 of 1865, now issue, 1064; do. of 1867, 10.0o@109a4/ do. of 1868, coupons, 1124; 10-40's 112~/ll112 do. coupons, 113%.@113; currenoy 6's 125 new 5's 1ll. LONDON, July 6.-Consols' for money 94 7-16; U. S. 5-20's of 1865, 1053%; do. of 1867. 1064; 10-40's 109/,: new fPves 1081/; Erie 66%. DOMF.TIC M IRKETS. [Special to the Democrat.] CINCINNATI, July 6.-Flour quiet. Wheat in fair demand; white $1 75@1 80. Corn quiet, 50@52. Oats dull, 37@42. Whisky steady, $1 08. Pork firm $13 75. Lard nominal, 9. Bulk meats steady and unchanged. Bacon firm, 5%@8%. CxIoAoo, July 6.-Wheat quiet; $1 43 July; $1 22%6@1 223 August; nominally $1 47 cash. Corn steady;45@4s3July; 48.J J;485 August. Whisky firm, $1 08. Pork quiet; 18 5 Au gust. Lardquiet; email@example.com August. Hams quiet; nominally 8/, 15 average; V/, sixteen average. Dry salt meats, boxed, quiet; shoulders 56%; short rib 6%(7; shortclear 7; long clear sides 8%. ST. LOUIs, July 7.-Flour unchanged. Wheat higher; No. 2 red fall $r 78 bid; cash sales $1 47/4@1 48' July, No. 8 do $1 72 cash, $1 36 July, $1 185%1' 20K August. Corn higher; 46"/4@47/ cash, 45 @47% July, 45% @46% August. Oats quiet; 84. Whisky steady; $1 04'. Pork firmer; job lots $13 25 cash, $13 35 bid August. Bulk meats nothing done. Bacon higher; 5%@8/4.. Lard firmer; 8% bid summer. FOREIGN MARKETS. LIVEIRPOOL July 6.--Uplands, Low Mid dling clause July and August devery 6 8-16d August and September 6%d; October and November 6%. Sales of the week 45,000 bales; speculation 4000, export 2000; stock 1,006,000. American 652,000; receipts 47,000; Amerlean 41,000; actual exports 5000 afloat 237,000, American 77,000. Breadstufls firmer; Ameri can lard 438; tallow41s. MARINE NEWS. NEW YORK, July 6.-Arrived out: Mag daia, Vender, Heydt, Sirieno, W. Tucker, Melrose, Empress, Moonbeam, Importer, Goo. Hurlbut. INSANE ASYLUM. JACKSON, LA., June 28, 1877. Editor Demnocrat-As a visiting guest of the Insane Asylum, and personally interested in its welfare, I have had ample opportunity for ascertaining the immediate and absolute need of itsilargest class of patients, known as beneficiaries-as their expenses are supposed to be'entirely borne by the State. This class numbers at pl-csent 183 out of a total of 193 inmates. The legislative appro priation for their support and maintenance, including salaries of officers, wages of at tendants and all employes, amounts to only $25,000, payablq in State warrants, some of which have been sold for seventy cents, while eighty-five is probably the highest figure to be realized-on future issues. Now this appropriation, thus reduced, is barely sufficient to purchase the necessary supply of provisions; indeed would not sui fice, but for the excellent and economical farm and garden arrangements of the devoted su perintendent. No part of it can be properly diverted to the purchase of even the neces sary clothing of these 183 State patients; and hence this APPEAL. (which I earnestly maker that the charitable and christian people of New Orleans and throughout the whole State shall contribute articles of clothing-even second-hand-or materials that can be made up for the use of the beneficiaries. And I earnestly invoke the aid of the press of the State members of the police juries and ministers of the gospel, to assist in securing the desired contributions. Boxes and pack ages should be addressed to "Dr. J. Welsh Jones, Jackson, La., care of W. S. Slaughter & Bro., Port Hickey." D. C. P. S.--In urther explanation, I will quote an extract from the report of the superin tendent to the board of administrators for the month of June: "It is my duty to call your attention to the destitute condition of the inmates. For the period of nearly two years the asylum has not possessed the means of supplying them either with clothing for their bodies or beds, and but for the charitable donations of last winter a state of perfect nudity would now exist. They need both upper and under gar ments, beds and bed clothing." We have received this week the Pioneer of Assumption, published in French and English by Charles Du paty. The Pioneer was the first paper established in the parish of Assump tion, but owing to Radical sway in Louisiana it had to suspend, together with many other Democratic journals. Severab of these have been revived since the establishment of the people's chosen government. We welcome with joy these representatives of theancient glories of LouiJ!.an, INVESTIGATION EXTRAORDINARY. THE AUIDI'OIRIAL COMIMITTEEg DEVEL. OPF.% A MINI OF 1RICR CO-. RE RPONDENCU. Marks Goes for Johnson and Wands wants "That Printing Claim" Paid. Now that the Auditorial Investigating Com mittee have.got in a fair way to unearth some of the crookedness that has occurred In the Audi tor's office during the last few years they may find that K.plogg had more to do with that office than the mere reception of warrants and th at he even compelled Johnson to let up, as it were, ON DZFAULTING TAX COLLzETORB . They can ascertain that as late as December 11, 1876, the great truth-stretcber addressed a general order, or letter of instructions, directing that the time-fully prescribed by law-for the settlement of the tax collector Sf Mldison par. ish he extended ten days beyond the limit pre scribed by law "withloat putting the collector in default." There is evidence, also, to show that in the Kerrigan-Yates muddle for the posseession of the St. James colleotorship, Disttict Attorney (now Judge) Morris Marks figured conspicunously pending the contest, and even when the powers, that were finally ousted both Kerrigan and Yates About the time the administration were after Kerrigan his enemies claimed that he had uol leoted taxes in advance or had taken drafts In payment for the same, and Yates, succeeding him, would dot recognize his receipts, going so far as to sIZEx A rLA1rvATEoN, the taxes upon which had been paid to Kerrigan. Jest Abont that time the Auditor seems to have put his fingers into the pie and issued contrary orders,.which not only nettled Kerrigan, but got Morris Marks somewhas on his dignity, as the following sharp document, written by Marks, will show: Orrlsi or K. MARKs,) * District Attorney Fourth Judicial Distriot. Donaldsonville, La., October 25, 1876, lion. Geo. B. Johnson, State Auditor: Dear Sir-Yours of the 24th inst. has been re ceived and contents noted, and in reply thereto can only express my utter surprise at the unten able position asesumed by you at this late day. You probably overlooked the fact that these parties paid to Kerrigan UPON YOUR ADVICE, and which I consider proper and legal. Besides, you have since recognized offically his receipts, and I have acted upon your instructions so far tnat 1 cannot, therefore, follow your bad exam. ple by changing every day in the week, to the utter disregard of the interests of the taxpaytr. I am determined now to assume'a position that wid compel your offlce to take a stand, although it will estop the collection of all taxes until the next year. Besides, I shall phblsh the iostructions received from you, and all correspondence on the subject, to show my part in THiS RIDICULOUS COMEDY, We are both candidates before the people, and I propose that no one shall place tse in bad faith or in a ridiculous position before them. I leave to-day for tit. James, and shall at once institute legal proceedinge.against any tapsyer holding the receipt of Yates. If the courts alone can de cide it, I propose to bring it up myself, and let those who acted without yours and my advioc be put to the inconvenience. " Yours, in haste, M. MAKns, 'District Attorney. This letter appears among some of the records found, and wasintended for the State House fur nace, but it escaped. A little later in the season when the Bopubli. cans were pushing the tax collectors for set tlements, in order to ACQUIRE CAMPAIGN PUNDS, they touched Kerrigan up with the rest, and Marks again comes to the front in his official capacity and recommends that the outstanding "orders'; against Jack (Kerrigan we mean) for licenses collected by him in the parish of St. James, be settled for by him with warrants of that year. Whether Kerrigan settled in that way or not is not known yet, but the committee can find out and will know all about THOSE COMPROMISE SETTLEMENTS before their labors are ended. Evidence has been obtained which will justify the assertion that quite a number of the tax rolls were sent to the Auditor from the parisher, al though they were not in the office when it was taken possession of. In the case of the parish of St. Landry, the collector forwarded his rolls by boat, and when punched up by the Auditor for theic non-appearance, he declared that they had gone forward, and that Gen. Anderson, who was about to leave for the city, would get the rolls and see that they were delivered in due time. Ad instance is also noted in the matter of com .promises with collectors, where a merchant of this city states that REILY, OF MOP.EHOUSE, had sent twenty-six bales of cotton to assist in the liquidation of his arrearages, and requested the Auditor to dismiss proceedings against him for two weeks. In the case of Harlow, of Tensas, who is short $12.000or so, it will be shown that he received his orders to settle, and upon going to the Treas urer's office be proposed to pay in warrants for the school, interest, levee repair and construe tion funds, but proposed to KEEP THE STATE TAX FUND, and he has done it satisfactorily to himself to his day. About the lamest excuse presented by any of the claimants for warra.nts is that made by .. B. Wands, who. it will be roemmbered, got from t:e State $14,372 of the S.ndford warrante--ba 1388,00 fraud ftnded Augn t 29, 1874-an t as late as October, 1876, he tries to get his holks in once more. In the month named, while at Amite, he ;rote Johnson that he had relioquished his senatorial aspirations, and Was in a piuch for money FOR CAMPAIGN PURPOSES, and begged Johnson to isesue him warrants FOR PRINTING DONE FOR THE STATE, claiming that he had been badly treaterd by John son's predecessors in the matter, and that he would be down the next week, wishing that Johnson would se,, if there was no proper way by which hie bill could be paid. He added that his prospects were bright if the Istate Central Committee took prompt action; but is satisfi 'd now, perhaps, that he iooknd on the bright side of the picture. If the claim was paid by Johnson the commit tee will ascertain that fact, and the Treasurer will be able to state whether the warrants were or were not cashed in his office. These are but a few of the matters which the committee have bra uheb to the surface ( ith the assistance of the DEMocRAT), ant in due time a proper explanation will be wanted of these trif.cig (?) p. ccadll:oes. AUDITORIAIL INVESTIGATION. Brders Issued for the Arrest of stubborn Witnesses. The Auditorial Committee met on Friday morning. Present: Senator Steven and Bepre sentatives Aldige, Leeds and Desmarais. The chairman reported that several persons for whom subpe4 had been insued had not been round, and thbt others that had been served re nsed to oibJ the steamoss, inolading one Be. I son, an ex.police officer, and that the sergeant-at arms had been nlostructed to street him, but he subsequently reported and was examined. Mr. Daffy, an ex-policeman, was called up as a witness, whereupon the committee went into executive session, and remained until about 2 p. m., examininr several witnesses other than these named, and then adjourned until to-day. Catch Behind. It is remarkable that there are not more ac cidents to boys along the lines of the city cars than there are. Handreds of boys between six and twelve years make it a daily habit to bang on the sides of every car passing within easy dis tance and to terrify by their hazardous antics every old lady passenger. This, perhaps, might be passed over, but since the new line to the lake on Canal street has been startel a nqmber of quite small boys make it their practice to be on hand every Sunday afternoon, or whenever Ihere Is a crowd, and jump on the steps of the passenger cars while they are in motion. The other day this reporter saw a boy make a leap for the front step of a car, and missing it, barely managed to catch the Iron hand-rail, where he hung for some time until the train reached its stopping llace. Had the lad's strength failed him, he must have Inevitably been crushed be neath the wheels. Dead to Bights. Daring the absence of Mr. J. L. Longley and his family from their residence, corner of Maga zine and Aline streets, between 12 and 1 o'clock on the evening of the twenty-ninth of Jnne, a sneak thief gained access to the house and stole a lot of silverware, jewelry, etc., valued at 6400. The property having been disposed of in a pawnbroker's establishment by a young mulatto named Joseph Monette, he was arrested by Aid Minor on ursnlines street, between Ohartres and Levee, and looked up in the Central Station. The thief was identified by the pawnbroker us the party who had disposed of th goods to him; and the hat which he wore at the time of his ar rest was identified by Mr. Longley as one stolen from him. The prisoner was transferred to the Seventh Justlce Court and an affidavit made against him, charging him with the robbery. A COMPREHENNIVE .¥YITE. OF Ky. GIENE. PARISH OF PLAQUEMINFHE June 28, 1877. Editor Democrat--The subject of health, which each individual must acknowledge is more important to hid? than any other, cer tainly ought to have a prominent place among the objects considered for the promo tion of the general welfare. This system should be based upon a careful collection and study of facts relating to the climate and diseases-medical and sanitary history--present condition of the city and that which has obtained here under different administrations the sanitary history of other important cities, the conclusions deduced by them from experience and data, and their plans adopted for th accomplishmentn of the objects set forth and the investigation of all matters which bear upon this subject. An efficient system of hygiene contemplates a large ex penditure of money. Undoubtedly. So do railroads; so do levees; so do the workings of the government of the State which is meant strictly to protpct people and keep them quiet. But we question whether protecting the rights of people and keeping them from lght ing is more important than keeping them in health and saving their lives. If people are responsive to appeals made to them for large sums of money for construction of works to bring to them materials con ducive to the enjoyment of life, it does seem strange that they should disregard the conditions upon which that life holds in a great measure its capacity of enjoyment and its probable prolongation of enjoyment. Most of the large cities of the United States and of aportion of Europe have expended large sums of money for the improvement of their sani tary condition. In connection with this they have established extensive works which add not only to the comfort and health of their people but adorn and beautify these cities, and contribute to their wealth by attractive ness to residence. They act upon the knowledge that the inter nal causes of disease far exceed in magnitude those which are considered external-the amelioration or removal of which is the great object to which they should direct their efforts. The intelligence of this age now real izes the fact that it is better to prevent than to cure disease. A commission of health in a report made several years ago to the Privy Council of Great Britain, in relation to this matter, says: "It cannot be denied that conflicts of opin ion upon some minor points have arisen, but upon the main question at issue there has been practical unanimity among the hosts of physicists and physicians, chemists and mi croscopists; and although by habit we have come almost to forget, if not to doubt the existence of these hidden dangers which en viron us, we regard pestilence and plague as the legitimate consequences of the violation of sanitary laws." No one should doubt the policy and duty of protecting New Orleans against the introduc tion of disease from abroad, and no ohe can doubt, who is acquainted with the condition of the city and who has reflected upon the subject, that the protection of her citizens from the operation of internal causes of dis ease is most inadequately performed, and demands the establishment of a system far more extensive and efficient than the pro vision which is now made to guard its health. It is said the population of New Orleans has scarcely increased in ten years. She has had railroads and highways of water travel, as we have statt d heretofore, unrivalled 1i the world. It cannot be altogether from bad government, since industries of the State have been progressive to some extent, and statistics show improvements in the com merce of the city, as far as quantity is cofi sidered. If the statment be true that her population has not increased, either many people have gone away or the ratio of births and deaths must have altered very much. Some years ago the death rate in New Orleans was 1 in 17. We have no data upon which to establish the birth rate, but we have no reason to sup pose that this fact of non-increase of popula tion can be attributed to such great alteration in the ratio of the death rate above mentioned as to have produced this effect. Admitting, then, the truth of this state ment, and that many of our people have gone away the great problem to solve is how to get them or others back, and how to make them stay. We think we have mentioned in this paper one great way; we may in another irticle speak of another way we think of 1 prime importance, but contingent upon the frst, but through the agency of which two we can show that a great city grew up in the 4 world without a railroad and without a port Af entry. As a matter of interest to New Orleans we have ventured to present the subject of this letter to the thoughtful people of your com munity. It is not done with the presumption Af suggesting even the outlines of a system, gut to attract attention to its importance. To prepare a proper report upon this subject, as I ilready said would require not only the re siareh into the medical and physical history of Jew Orleans and of its state of health under lifferent administrations, but a knowledge of ts climatic and topographical peculiarities md a thorough inquiry into the sanitary his ory of other large cities, and into the plans whcmh they have adopted and the reasons I apon which such plans were based, w. 4 THE WHECK. OF THE TEAM. IO ~hips Driven Ashore--Of 1358 People en Board 3OOnly Lest. IN. Y. Tribune.] WASINGTON July 1.--The statistics of wrecks which have occurred within the range of the life-saving ervice during the past fiscal year have Just been made up at the Treasury Defartment, from which it appears that the total number of vessels driven ashore by stress of weather during the year is 120, and that they had on board 1253 persons. Of this number of lives there were 1214 saved and thirty-nine lost; the number lost being about three per cent of those imperilled. The estimated value of the vessels wrecked is $1,746,464, and of their car goes $1,348,876, making a total property valuation of $3,095 331. The total amount of property saved, so far as reported, is $1.554,605, ani of that totally lost $1, 053,826, leaving $481,000 not yet ascer tained whether saved or lost. Upon fifty of the occasions of disaster, the Life-saving Service apparatus was guo ceesfully used and 838 persons were rescued through its instrumentality together, in addition to which assist ance was rendered in nearly every in stance in saving property by the crews of the Life-saving Stations. The thirty-nine persons who were lost, perished under the following circum stances: Twenty-eilht went down with the ill-fated ship "Orcassian " which went to pieces near Bridgehampton, Long Island, on the night of the 29th December, 1876, and destroyed the party of Shlannecock Indians who were en deavoring tosave her. Seven lives were lost at the wreck of the schooner Mar garet and Lucy, which went ashore near Tom's river, N. J., on the 2d of March, 1877. Three lives were lost upon the occasion of the stranding of the steamer L'Amerique near Long Branch, N. J., on the 7th of January, 1877. The remaining victim was one of a crew of four persons of the schooner Massachusetts which went ashore on Peaked Bill bar, Cape Cod, on the morning of the 2d of January, 1877. Notwithstanding the high tate of eff8ciecy in which the Life-saving Service is shown to be by the foregoing record great efforts are being constast ly made to bring it to still greater oelm lency. ecently Mr. Kimball, who has charge of the service, with Capt. Mer riman, .the inspector have been de voting much attention to the sub ject of extending the range of the shot line, and after a series of experiments at Oold Spring, New York, with a new gun and projec tile invented by Robt. P. Parrott (the veteran inventor of the Parrott gun), the gratifying results are that with a gun which with its carriage weighs less by twenty pounds than the mortar now used at the stations and some modifl cation in the line, which is so coiled up and braided as to be very elastic, an additional range of more than 100 yards has been attained for the shot line. This is considered the most important improvement in the service since its re organization and the introduction of the patrol system. The Department has ordered 24 of the new guns, whieh will be supplied to those stations at points on the coast where a long range is required. Additional signals are being prepared to be incorporated into the National Code for the use of vessels and Life saving Stations, which will greatly facil itate communication between the vessel nd the shore. The present high state of efficiency in this important service is due in agreat measure to the earnest sfforts of Mr. Kimball to make it what it is, the first in point of effective service mnd discipline in the world. LIVING IN WAhMINGTON. A Member of the Cabinet Unable to Take His Family to he Capital. [N. Y. Tribune.] Judge Key said the other day that when he accepted his position he fully intended to bring his family to Wash inton. "I sent for Mrs. Key," he said, "to come and look over the ground with me, and select a house, if it should seem best. We examined a number. Of course, in this position and with so large a family, we should want a large house. The lowest that we found we could rent a furnished house for, of suitable size and location was $2500, or about one-third of my sal ary; we were offered a suitable house for that (the one which Secretary Thompson now has), but after carefully figuring the matter up one side and down the other, we found that my salary was insufficient to allow me to bring the family here and "keep house" as I desire to do. After paying rent there would be $5500 left. With a large family in a large city, and living as a Cabinet Minister with a proper re spect for his position should, this would not go far. If my family was smaller or my salary larger, or the habits of so ciety here a little less expensive, I could live within my salary fn Washington, but under all the circumstances it seems impossible. I have ever been the ad vocate of cheap government, low salaries, and low taxation. I am op posed to splurge and style when the money to Beep it up has to come out of other people's pockets. As a general thing I think our officers are paid enough, some of them too much, A Congressman gets about $1000 a month for the time he has to stay here. He can attend to other business part of the year. But a Cabinet Minister cannot carry on business, and he must remain hero all the time. Still I don't com plain, and don't believe in further in crease of salaries for any offier or class of officers. One increase is but an en tering wedge for another. I am simply like hundreds of others here of all grades, unable to bring my family and enjoy the luxury of a home of my own." Duke d'Audiffret-Pasquier has a li brary in his chateau of Sassy contain ing thirty thousand books. He is one of the best read men of France, and has a phenominal memory for ciphers; but he has a bad eye for words. At the last meeting of the Academy his spelling was a cause of hilarity to M. Sardou's partisans. The Duke wrote, in solicit ing votes, that his claim to be admitted to 'l'Accademie" was his love of letters. "He is so fond of them," remarked Du mas ills, "as to make a superfuous use of them,"