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The New Orleans daily Democrat. [volume] (New Orleans, La.) 1877-1880, July 08, 1877, Image 1

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lie I Emphattrally Opposed to all Annex.
atlon of Mexican Territory.
litoecial to the Damooratj.l
CINoCINNATr, July 7.- A Washington special
says that the President speaks quite freely
on the subject of llaino's Woodlstock speech
and the MoxJlan policy of the Administra
tlon. He says there was nothing secret, or
covert, or underhanded in his Mexican pol
The Administration considered it the dutty
of the government to protect its citize'ns from
Mexican raids. No hostile movement
toward Mexico is Intended, and no sensible
man would think so. With respect to the an
nexation policy the lresident states emiphatl
eally that in his Judgment the Unittd States
do nbt wish any more territory, certainly not
in that direction, tuid would not accept it if
tenderexi as a gift.
The savalge S. em to Have Whipped
Perry and Outmanenuvred Nowadl.
BrRpnlal to the Democrat.)l
8~AN FRANCIsCo, July 7.-News has been re
ceived at department headquarters here that
'Col. Perry, with thirty men, on his way to
the Cottonwood, was attacked by a body of
hostiles. Liout. Rains, ton soldiers and two
citizens were killed.
Col. Whlipple joinod Col. Perry and drove
the Indians off.
It is Mid Joseph decoyedl Gen. Howard
-across the Salmolt river, and then Joseph
recrossedthe river and got on to the Cotton
Swood betwoon Howard and Lapwal, within
three miles of Lewiston.
A Dank Slobbed of $75,090.
[IDecial to the Demoerat.)
WHrrS HALr., N. Y., July 17.-The Kees
Ville National Bank war robbed last night
by seven or eight masked burglars. The
watchmen were bound and gagged, the vault
and safe blown open and the contents carried
away. The bank loses $15,000 in money and
bonds, and persopis who left packages in the
bank for safe-keeping, from $50,000 to $So,000.
The Oregon senatorial Investigation.
[Soecial to the Democrat.l
HAN FRAAI(,sxo, July 7.--At Portland, W. J.
McConnell testified before the Grover Investi
g-ating Committee that Wilson, a member
of the House, who voted for Grover, and who
was elected under a pledge to vote for Neslmth
,and whose property was heavily mortgaged
before the meeting of the Loegislature, paid
'off some debts and oanceled his mortgages
immediately after the adjournment of the
Legislaature, and that he was seon to display
a considerable sum of money.
W. J. Miller testifled that Butler, member
of the Hlourq from Wasco county, who was
upposeod to be In limited circumstances before
the election, immediately afterward pur
chased a half Interest in a steam sawmill for
$8000, which occasioned surprise and remarks
among his neighbors.
SOlneeralng the Treasury Department and
the National Lunatic Asylum.
(Speoial to the Democrat.)
WASHINGTON, July 7.--The Treasury Pe
. 'partment has effected a modlficatlon of thie
fifteen per cent contracts, under which the
'nutting of granite required fo,r the govern
ment buildings at Cincinnati and Philadelphia
has heretofore been done, by which the sav- I
ing on this branch of work alone will be over I
It Is said Dr. Wn. (Gooding, Superintendent
of the State Lunatic Asylum, at Taunton,
Mass., has adcept. d the offieo of Siupe.rin
tendent of the (overnment Insane Asylum,
and will take the place about SeHptember 1.
An Exodus by team and a Hannsson for
(H.ecial to the I)rnpocrat.J
Now Yoatx, July 7.--Five steuners Itft this
port to-day for Europe, carrying in al. albout
four hundred saloon passengers, among themn
JohnA. Kasson, the now Minister to Austria,
who sailed in the steamer City of Brussels.
A trugKale of 'hcullA Instead of skulls.
ISoenlni to thie Democrat.)
NEW YORK, July 7.-At the inter-collegiate
contests yesterday, Columbia College, Prince
ton College, and the University of Pennsyl
Svanla carried off tihe honors.
Wamlpton Borrown a Honreal Thousand
Dollars for Mouth Carolina.
[Special to the Demoerat.]
SNEW YORK, July 7.--Gov. llHampton and
Attorney General Condor left for South Care
.Ilna to-day. They effected a temporary loan
.of $100,000 to pay the present expenses of the
State government and some flhoting claims
.demanding immediate attention.
Munday 'Shool Union,
tvoeitla to the Demoprat.]
ToLEDo, Ohio, July 7.--The first annual ass
sembly of the Inter-State Sunday School
Union, composed of State unions of the va
rious Northwestern and ~outhwostern States,
will convene at Lake Side, near Put-in-Bay,
on July 10, and will continue ten days.
The Four Per Cent. Loan.
[Special to the Democrat.l
NEW YoRK, July 7.-Subscriptions to the
.new tour per cents amount to a little over
$12.000,000 for the week ending at noon to
Great Meat and Mortality in New York.
tSpelial to the D, moors. ]
NEW YORK, July 7.--There were 673 deaths
in this city against 567 the previous week.
-The increase is believed to be due greatly to
the excessive heat and the bad sanitary condi
Stlion of many tonements.
The Lann Branch Races.
[Speolal to the Democrat.]
LONG BRANCH, July 7.--At Monmouth Park
to-day in the first race Dauntless, Romney,
Peaoweraft, Chesapeake, Jennifer, King Boo
'and Burgoo started. The race was won by
Dtaintless in two straight heats. Time
1:46%, 1:46%.
LoNG BRANCa, July 7.-In the second race,
the Monmouth Oaks stakes, valued a.
$750, to which wore added sweepstakes of $50
(each for fillies foaled in 1874), one and a
half miles, was won by Zoo Zoo In 2:44!4.
A Car tCollillon.
lSpeolal to the Democrat.l
MEMPnIm, July 7.--This afternoon a street
car on the Vance street line, while crosslng
the Memphis and Charleston Railroad track,
was run into by an outgoing train, and the
driver, Bnn King, received injuries from
which he dled In a few hours.
Rumored Death of the Pope.
[(lerial to the Domoerat.l
NEW YoltR, July 7. --A telegram from Loll
don says that strong rumors have reached
thereo from IRote that the Pope tIled t(o-day.
Detroit Fair BRace.
[Hpoe'ial toI tt Demoerat.l
I)raor'r, July '!. The last day of the De
trolt horse fair called out a large attendance
yesterday. The first race was for the 2145
class; purse $800; five starters. It was won
by Monroe Chief Int thre, stratfltt heats.
Time,- 2:32, 2:4, 2 :34%.
The last event, in the 2:17 race, purse $2000,
Icarus, Nettle, Lady Maud, Mlowgo and C(+
aette started.
J. Hpaue' arus ........ ......... 4 1 t
Turner's Nettle....... ...... :1 ' 2
Deble's Lady Maud............ i 4 4 4 4
Floyd's 8lowgo ......... 3 2 ii 3 3
French's Cozette distarncel.
Time, 2:21%4, 2:22%;., 2:22%,, 2 :2, 2 :32!.i.
Pentencel to De HIung.
[8IOe.la to the DemooratJ.
NASHVILLE, July 7.--Gorge and Joe losm
well, notorious desperadoes, have been son
tenced to be hung at Cookvllio August 7 for
the murder of Russell Allison Novernber,
What Ih ThouqIht of the Returning neard
WASHmINrOTO, July 7.-The Proesident doss
not see that it will become him to interfere
betwoon the laws of Loulslana and the crimi
nal whom the laws pursue.
Frank Richardson telegraphing to the Bal
tinmore Sun says: The only sure salvation for
Wells and Anderson is for them to jump their
ball and get the President to give them some
forelgn posltion abroad.
NEw Yont, July 7. -The Times' Now Or
luons special says: Thie ndictinent of the late
Returning Board has INen set on foot by the
anti-Nicholls party, and proceeds on the as
sumption that Nicholls Is bound In some way
to protect Wells, Anderson & Co.
Tloe idea is, therefore, to push the prosecu
tion vigorously, make accusod as odious as
possikle, and then, in case of an executive
pardon, to imMach the (Ooverncr.
The lribune's Washington dispatch says:
The indictment of mtembers of the Returning
Board is looked upon here as an affair of a
groa deal of political importance.
The frerids of the Administration are
highly indignant.
S A Msunderstandlng.
Wr ASHINOTON, July 7.-Some one, who ap
pears.to have misunderstooxd or mlsrepre
sentod the wishvo of the Secretary of the
Treasury, directed Gen. Smith, the Appoint
Smont Clerk, to make out the papers for (en
SHendoermn as Collector of the Fifth Nortl
Carolin, District. They were prepared, bu
a halt has been called. Nothing seems tI
stick in the Tar State.
A lfsNsinIg Lnulhlanlan.
WAHHINO'TON, July 7. - A posmtal eard ha
been recelved from the Lounisanian, J. F
Marfgridge, the missing man, saying he wia
In Philadelphia.
JlgFFEItONVII,LE, Ind., July 7. -The saw
mill of P. 8. Barmore, burned last night
Loss $30,000,
SAN FRANCISCO, July 7.- -Tih sectional dc(do
at Mare Island Navy Yard broke down whili
ralsiug the French corvette Linnin. The shli
is uninjured, but, the repair of the dock wil
involve a large outlay.
A £'omprelhenslve Review of the lituatltoe
of the Oppoalng Forces.
lpecial to the Demoerat.l
.LONDON, July 7. -The military situation in
Europe appear. toI be about as follows: The
T'urks have changed front and faced to the
west since the Russians entered Bulgaria,
The Russians are deploying with their left
flank resting on tile )Danube to face the Turk
ish line from Rustchuk to Shumla. Whlen
this ilovelment is complleted a general battle
may be expected, unless the Turks fall back
to the Balkan Mountains or the IRussians
mask the whole quadrilateral and turn it by
passing the Balkan Mountains.
Tjme Russian troops coming through the
Dobrudscha are approaching the rear of the
Rustchuk and Shunla lines of the Turks. This
column is too strong to be opposed by any
force detached from the Turkish main body,
while the main body itself cannot turn upon
it without exposing its rear to the main force
of the Russians. This sltuation was created by
the Czarovich, who seems to ignore the ex
Istence of the garrisons at tllsltria, Varna
and Kust<nje, respectively fixed at thirty-two,
twenty and ten thousand men, which, ope
rating on the flanks or rear of the Dobrudscha
force of Russians would paralyze its efforts
to co-operate with the army in central Bul
garia. Besides the garrisons of these forti
tlid places Sulinlan Pasha's army, which is
now stated to be embarking at Antivari, could
be landed at Varna, thus making the number
of Turks on the Russian left flank over 50,000,
while the Russian Drobrudsch column
is expected to numiber only 30,000.
Another Royal )inner For Grant.
[Speclal to the Democrat.)
IBussELs, July 7.-Gen. Grant has accept
ed the invitation to dine with King Leopold
at his palace.
Military Operations in the East.
LONDON, July 7.-The Bucharest corre
spondent of the Times telegraphs: According
to information received from Dobrudscha, I
have no faith in any efflectual resistance being
made by the Turks on the line of the Trojan
wall. The correspondent then summarizes
the military situation, showing that the Turks
are threatened in front by the Rpssian army
at Sistova, and in the rear by a corps advanc
ing through the Dobrudseha. Russian officers
of rank at the front believe the campaign will
soon be decided. The Turks are concentrating
about Shumla, in order to take the Russian
advance to the Balkans on the flank.
The Russians will probably go forward
until the Turks come out of 8humla, and then
face about and give them battle in the open
It Is stated all the representatives of the
press have boon ordnred to leave Iusslan
e loadquarters.
It s runmored that by the advice of Austria
a kind of informal armistice will be estab
lishex In Montenogro, both sides maintaining
the defensive.
l(Hot eal to the Democrat.)
CINCINNATI, July 7.- Flour steady. Wheat
in good demand and lower; now whlte $1 6.Ori
1 75. Corn firm 51@53,. Whisky steady. $I1 05.
Pork firm, $13 75@14. Lard nominal. Bulk
meats firmer, 5 to 77ý. laIcon irhm amnl un
(OCirMAoo, July 7.- Wheat unsettleod $1 48
cash, $1 44 July $1 23-., August. Corn smoaly;
48% August. 8 . ,hams firm; I lilfteon aver
age, 8- sixtlen average. 1)ry salt mniats,
lioxrl, lirm ; salbs long clear I , short rib 7
short clear nominally 7, long ciear and shlort
clear ;, shohlders nominally 5!,. Pork
steady; $13 22. August. Lard qUlet; 8.50
AuguM,. 9.50 8opnemnber.
ST. Louis, July 7. Flour unchangedw
Wheat lower, for samuple lots sha4e bettor op
tions; No. 2 red fall $1 49(@1 40') July, N. ii
do $1 72;; calsh, $1 316. July corn III.Jor
47Y@48, c stih 47JVmh47%, closing 47 UJIIl
46%@40' mloslngat4A iVugust. ats et
4er, hiO. 'Whlsky steady; .l o,8'. Pork quiet,
51 25 cash, $13 40 August. Bulk meast- -
betteer. Blacon unchanged, Lard botter,
sunmmer W".
NEw YoIK, July 7, Noon.---Stocks lower at
the opening, but firmer after the first board;
money [email protected]~ ; gold 105;, " 105%1.; exchanige
long 4.M8, short, 4.110; (ovornments steadly on
a fair business; Statea bonds qulet.
Itinclal to the Democrat.l
LoNDON, July 7.--- (onols for money
94 9-10; 11. H. 5-20's of 18)35, 10Te%; do. of 18017,
10Owj; 10-40's 10o:.: new fives o1s0 ;; Erlo 7.
LIVEPnrooL, July 7.--Noon.- Cotton quiet
and unchanged; MlddlinK Uplands b.(i.,
Middllna Orleans 6%d. Hales 4000 bals, for
speculation and export 300: recllpts 6700.
American 5800; futures 1-32d bettor.
Uplands, Low Middling clause, July and
August delivory, 6 7-32ra(' I; August and
oieletm.brnl 5-lkld; Hoeptmenir alti October
6/#%di; October and November 6 13-112. New
crop; shippod November and December, by
LIVEaP'OOI, July 7 2:30 p. mn.-S -ales of
American 2000 bales: futures fllrm; Uplands,
Lo* Middling clause, July and August do
livery, 6% l, 4eptenmr andi October 6 13-32d,
November and Docember 0%d.
'LoNDON, July 7, 2 p. m. -o(kmsols 94 1-1j.
2:30 p. Im---Consols 14 9-10; st,oOt rate 1'a,
which Is % below bank.
PAINIs, July 7. 1 p. m.-Rcntes 10lf. 40t.
Marine Newe.
PoRT EAl., July 7, noon.--Wind west north
west. Arrived: Stamship Hudson, (Jager,
mastetr, at 3:30 a, in., from New Youk to A. K.
Moulton. No departures.
HoUTnrwEST PASS, July 7, noon.--Wlnd west
northwest, light. Arrived: Mexican brli) Con
stantine Itamisor, master, 8 days from Tari
plco to F. Camenrdon. No departures. Tlhe
steamship Chillan, previously reportedl on the
bar got off at 5 this a. in. She is now outshide
colilng and taking on cargo.
The New Telezraph Company will be
Ready for Business on the 1sth Inst.
On yesterday the wires of the Atlantic and Pa
oelfin Telegraph Company were being arranged ir
their new office, No. 38 8t. C(harles street, under
the supstvistbn of Mr. E. Lelouo, the manager,
grd it is expected that by the 15th inst., at the
frrtheet, thu lines wi!l be
to all points in the East, North, West and to all
parts of Europe.
Already the results of thu new opposition ere
being felt by the telegraphing community of
this city in a reduction of rates by the Western
Union line to the principal points, the reduction
being, In some instanaces, twenty-five per cent.
In other parts of the touth not yet reached by
the new if e the reduction by the old has been
fully fifty per cent, and no doubt the rates will
tumble to that point heore befJre the office i,
opened and ready for business.
Phis reason alone should commend the Atlantic
and Pacific Company to the patronage of the
meraottle community, and it wi,l no doubt show
it-elf worthy of its share of that patronage. Its
ucffers Lumber among them many of the ablest
men in the country, and there is cwrocely one,
from the president to the ofiloe manager, who is
not a practical electrician.
OGn. Eckert The president, Mr. Doran vice
president, and Mr. Tinker general superinten
dent, as well as Mr. Leloup, the manager here,
are known to the writer as having had many
years experience in the business, and backed as
the ir compa..y is by tire
of the East, including Jay Gould. it may be
safely asserted that they will make their lines
equal in every respect to those of the old com
pany. All they ask is a fair proportion of the
patronage, and that they will undoubtedly
Open to Trame.
We are inforred by Mr. D. P. Morey, the
popular general passenger agent of that compa
ny, that the Vicksburg, Shreveport and Texas
Railroad is now open again for traffic, the floods
by which it was submerged and which had inter
rupted travel having subsided. Through tickets
to Monroe and other places on that line can be
procured at the office of the New Orleans, Jack
son and Northern Railroad Company.
Caleb es. Hunt.
The remains of Caleb S. Hunt were followed to
their last resting place yesterday by a large conu
course of our citizens. The dceased had for
more than thirty years been identified with the
commercial interests of New Orleans, of which
he was an earnest and energetic advocate. Of
late Mr. Hunt had been in faltering health,
and although his demise was not unexpected it
leaves a void among a large circle of friends who
had learned to admire him and his excellent
The Corning Regatta.
On Monday and To eday, August 6th and 7th,
nuder the auspices of the Itiverside Bowing Cinb,
there will be given another of their regattas,
which in the past have proved so rmina4tly eU
ce.sful. 'I he chosen place for the coming con
test is at the new lIke end, and as there is every
faclrty there for the thousands that will be pres-
ent to witness the races, It w II beyond the perad
venture of a doubt prove to be the most success
ul of any regattadwe have had.
The races are for Mouday, August 6th: Rinzle
scull, single scull working noat, four-oared gig,
and on Tuesday, double shell, single four-.ared
barge and four oared shell. Elegant prizes will
be awarded to each of the winning crews.
Naw PIANos.- -Yesterday when passing Grune
wald's elegant music esiabli hment, No. 22 Ba
ronne street, the courteous proprietor invited us
in. He has just imported some of the richest
and most ex tulsitely toned and beautifully finlsh
ed pianos that we have ever seen in this market.
Mr. Grunewald puronases all his instruments for
cash and can, therefore, give better rates than
most dealers. We would advise our musical
friends to inspect this beautiful selectibn of
pinaos,rorganu, etc., before purehasing else.
Mnanuatsrec versus Trade-A tempari
Mon of Foreign and American Manu
faCetring and Trading Citles.
PAI.nalI OF PLAQUICMINES, July t5, 1877.
k IEdlor Democrat-We have expressed to you
our Idea of hygiene, that prime factor among
those agencies which affect the welfare and
,prosplrity of cities-- the efficent devol
opmennt of a proper system of which we look
upon as the moet important step in the march
of Improvement of the city of Neow Orleans.
Hiwonrld l to ts, andl dependent upon It,
s the establlishimont of nmanufaltures in
Svery variety that the materials which we
yoseiss or can readily obtain will permit.
Until this Is done it is not probable that New
Orleans will ever have either a large resident
populatlon or incurease rapidly in census
although railrowls nhould be built from Canal
street to BIohrlng's Straits on one side, and
from the same point to the coast of Labrador
on the other.
With manufactures would come a popula
tion which would makte Now Orleans Isf home
-stay there during the year-develop capital
on the spot and spend its money at home.
It would not tit Away as it does now when
steamboats stip rundIng and when railroad
cars come in with empty or half trains, and
then go to some other poaut to look for occu
pation and wages t) buy broad, but in ity
constant employnment would make bread for
themselves, moniney for the city and strength
for the State.
Population, which New Orleans wants and
the ,tate wants, with its natural increase
would then be here-- its evolutions the agent
of immedllate and permanent profits positive,
whatever the price of gold, and Its results
little clhngeahile save through the erosion of
Permanent euiployment has attractions
that no transitoryiwork possesses, and when
the workers feel that they ctan dwell In
health and comfort al the year, 'there will be
no lack of laborers In the harvest.
When New Orleans'does this and the poe
plo of the countly districts adopt plans In
viting to the immigration of an agricultural
population, not fletlng but permanent In its
character, we may reasonably expect Louis
iana, city and country, to advance rapidly in
prospity, and to possess that influence iii
the affas of Fedoral legislation which
strength of numbers always comnmands.
I'he increase of tile population of a city Is
taken as It sign of Its prosperity, the reverse o
as a want of pro5serlty. Cities sonmtimes I
adlvance very rapidly wilhout a healthy basis
of permanent prosperity, and as rapidly do
cline when the teunpor'ary causes of infla
tion cease to operate. This happens when
towns or cities are made slmply depots of I
trade, and the traile Is suspenili or drawn 1
into other channels. Of this we have striking
examples in the wondcrful growth of towns
in the rtining districts, which decay almost as
rapidly when the ore olelds are more or loss I
exhausted or others found more inviting In I
Holds remote. Brownsville Texas, grow I
rapidly during the war as a place of transfer,
-but went dowmn immediately when the war
A most striking example is that of the ie
nownel city of Venice whose wealth once
bought sovereigns and supplied all EuropeI
with Eastern luxuries. Venice rose upon dis
tant trade, but Vasco ido (ama sailed his ves
sel around e he Cape of G(d IIope into India's 1
seas, and Venlce siAodl a peWr-house of mar- I
btl Ialaces. Venleeoo had no manufactures I
save those which wrought her golden Ingots I
"Into costly jewelry that but few could wear.
In her arrogance tile rich soil of Lombardy
had not been invlixel by her to develop its
treasures in grain to which she could have
turned for succor whmen the ravishment of her I
cinmmernce by other ports left her helpless I
and poverty stricken. She stands to-day in I
her decrepitudo a living evidence of the neq- t
lewt of nrunilng manufactures in a city s v
bosonl. We have, heard how visions c
of ideal wealth floatAl through the
excited minds of San Franciscan property Ic
holders when the construction of Its great v
Atlantic highway was guaranteed by the R
general governmnlct in its endowment of this v
road with its hundred millions of govdrn- h
ment dollars. With this the road was made, I
and in two years from thei timr, that an Atlan- I
tic train siinrtel in the streets of the Pacific u
cityhie city's property fell twenty-five per t
Looiking over the cnsus anlld statistics of v
Euiropxan towns, one will Ibe struck with the h
differences of populuatiohl of those cities which e
are strictly depots of omrnln'crce, or where 1
manufactures do not exist as a p)rominnent ob
ject of attention, and those towns where these
two interestsHHcmn equally fosterel, lind other n
towns which are in rmost partdlovotew to man- r
Iufatulres. The coll parison Is In every instance h
to the advantage of the latter class. s
We cannot cite Illiustrations derivedl from t
English cities, since the great ports of Lon- t
don, Liverpool, (lasgow Tind others are liter- t
ally canilpied with a cloud ofl manufactory u
smoke. lint the Continent shows Havre, the s
great seaport of the north coast of France, it
at the mlouth of the Hine as old a town as h
the towns of theelnterior. it, receives prxluce h
from all parts of the world, and forwards to t
the interior by small craft up the Selne, andl i
also bylyail. While as a place of transit her a
business is very great, her nmanufacturres t
amount to little or nothing. Her lpopulation e
is about 40 000; Rouen, higher up, largely '1
rninufaeturl'ng, population 100l,000. t
Paris, the capital, a great: manufacturing a
centre, over 1,215,000 popul0ltion, turning Out I
twenty years ago over $20,000,000(X) of manu- n
factures annually, In sinulr alone producing a
annually $14 O000,(000.
Ou the Moediterranean sea Toulon, an import o
seapoirt, trading largely in flour, corn, salt, ¶1
provisions, wine, branudy, oil, etc., biut having o
little rmanufacturing iltorests; population v
riti ruw fi.
Lyons, in the interior, the great silk manu
facturing city, population 17, K1K. And thus
we might show you Vienna, Munich, Berlin,
Brussels and many other' large cities, teem
ing with a manufacturing population which
we could contrast with Trieste, Dantzic,
Odessa, Cronstadt, and other ports, which for
ward immense stores of freight, hut stand
still in population. But not wishing to
crowd your columns, let us come back to
America, and look at the panorama of indus
trial life which is spread before us.
New Orleans Memphis, Mobile Charleston,
Wilmington, Norfolk nd Riiclhmond, the
principal Southern cities, it cannot be denied,
comnrare unfavorably in rapid growth and
wealth with St. Louis, Pittsburg, Brooklyn,
Lynn, Lowell, Sprinilield Newark and other
Northern cities which 4e could miention,
many of which are of more recent foundation
as municipal corporati is than those men
tioned in the South; y , thse, last are most
favorably located as regards commercial ad
vantla.s. ''heyt haver,. oi-4 -and -ehippo
an amount of raw produce greatly exces
in value that which has gone from the places
with which they have been contrasted. But
the population and wealth of these Northern
towns has increased more rapidly and steadi
Iv than those of the Southern towns. We think
the difference rests simply in this, that the
first have population developed, as we said,
rapidly and steadily by lpermanent employ
ment m manufactures, while our towns have
comparatively a small proportion of their
people engaged in these industries, and a con
siderable portion of that which is engaged in
the transfer of produce gocA away when the
forwarding season is over. The manufactures
of the first require extensive and solid build
ings, with costly machinery, which locates
large capital within their limits. The agen
cies of the other for transaction of business
require only the apartments of a counting
house with its paraphernalia of offce furnim
ture, and sometimes only the dimensions of a
broker's shop. Again, the bale of cotton
which is woveni .~ into fabrlcs, erhaps i, 1
Manchester or Lowell, and worth there an
avorage of rot less than $S90, which employs
many hands in its transmutation who are
permanently located in these towns, com
mands for the planter in our ports an average,
say, of $40 uper bale, and Pays a pal.ring
tribute (lam fold by mwrchtsns) to theclty of
about $4 per bale.
Tobacco, in thousands of hogsheads, in like
manner journeys quietly through our towns
paying only board bill on its way, and nexi
turns up In Dut.l or French Inanufacturing
towns in the shape of twist, smoking tobacco
and snuff, with greatly enhancdxl values-
snuff alone from Inferior qualities and stems,
appearing in Paris to the amount of $14,000,000
annually. We may say the same thing of
hundreds of thousands of hides which New
Orleans ships to Northern places, a portion of
which she has returned to her quadrupled in
value in the shape of leather, moss, sugar,
irhoin, Linc copper, rags, etc.
NowOrlipans possesses, or cn easily obtain,
almost unlimited supplies of many raw mate
rials, but at the same time,, In proportion to
her population is far behind the Northern
and Western clites In manufactures; and in
deel, in this respect, behind many of the
small towns. he has proportlionatei. more
Iron works than she has of other manufac
turing intorest, but In this ih0o does not
boln to furnish the supplles requlrod, as is
evliented hy the geat number of establis
thents in the city which supply radly-made
engines, machinery of all kinds, and all he
articles of agricultural huslBandlry. Tihe
foundries do not consu me even the junk iron,
which is ,rought to the city from its sur
roundings and shipped In largo quantities to
Northern and Western dlaces.
Now Orleans, next t, New York, is the
largest export city of the Unitdl States. Now
Orlans, in home wealth for her population, is
the poorest city in the country. Her high
ways of commerce are shown In 3450 miles of
river channel for steamboats In the State
alone in the Mississippi and its perfect sea of
tributarire without the linlts of the State;
In two great railroads, which connect with
almost numberless others North, East and
West, and with lake and ocean navigation
until you mnet sunrise.
Give her more railroad -ht r allh at wants,
Health fir her people and maonluaoturea for her
wealth. w.
The Palaee of the President-·lke-Hui
ii Duchens and His Life.
iFrom thi Linondor World.]
s The marshal looks like an English rather
0 than a French sportJsman. I111i Ice, indeedl,
s is not French but Irish, and disthntly reeaill
s the origin of his family. The MacMarons
w were Irish Catholics of go1oi dIes.Wnt, who fol
- lowed the fortunes the fortunes o the Stuarts, and settJod
and baeramnie landl{l proprietors where the
f marshal was bhorn, vlz: at Sully (8aone et
In Loiresome sixty-light years ago. The Mac
g Mahons took kindly to the Bourbons and the
a marshal's father lsearne a poor of France
s under Charles X.. and his majesty's personal
s friend. The marshal, moreover married Into
n a noble family of Logitimists. His youth was
' passed under lily leaves. He was a St. Cyrien
while the older Bourbons were at the Tuiler
r ies, and when he entered the army he went
away for years of rough campalganing to that
common cradle of modern French generals
o Algeria; so that he was fighting in Africa
e while the junior Bourbon was holding his
hbowpreois court at the Tuileries. A Captain of
- Chassours at the assault of Constantine, he
t had carved his way--n Algeria always-to
the rank of General of Brigade by lth time of
s the revolution of 1845 broke odtt. Then he
a rose rapidly, keepln. the while apart from
polit~es. Gemeral of Division In 1M20, (rand
y Officer of the Legion In 1853, in cotmmand of a
a division of infantry unlder Blosquet in the
e Crimea; createdl Grand Cross of the Legion
r and .enator for his part In the assault of
SMalaoTff; then again fighting in Kaby
r lia in 1857, and Comrmander-in-Chlof of
the forces in Algerila-MacMahon's sei'
H vices and rewards wore many. The
crowning glory of his military career was
won in command of the secoind corps d'armee
of the Alps in 18(19, on the field of Magenta,
t when the Emperor createdl him Duke of Ma
)e gents and Marshal of France. The Marshal
was de)putext to represent his sovereign, wlich
he (did with extraordinary pomp, at the coro
nation of William III, of Prussia, in 14;il; and
In 1604 he was Governor General of Algeria,
Sapplointed to carry out the reforms on which
r the Emperor was bent. And lastly he led the
army from Chalons to Hedan, where he was
I wounddil in time, toi rid himr of the resMonsi
hility of surrender. 'This woundi it has been
I often said, was not the least of Marshal de
3 MacMahon's strokes o(f Ilk.
But the time has not yet tnomc for judgment
i on De MacMahon's part in the Francr-Ger
r man war; and he is fortunate in this, that his
- countrymen bhear him nogrudge for it, eaalling
him tie nmodern Bayard anm the "honest
soldier;" while they c(over his iomraldes (of
the fatal campaign with rrud. His aristcmra
tic and monarchical sympathies have whettedl
tilhe edge of the weapons which the Left has
used upon 1him ; but the rage against him that
Ssinnmmers throiugh the chahep republlican papers
is provoiketl by the disldain with which he
holds himself in his soldietr's cloak, keeps his
hand near his sword and standts sentinel over
the destinies of France, Immovable to the
I last (lay of his septnate. It is true that the
atmosphere of the Elysoe is strangely unlike
thatof a repiubl hian presidency. "The sov
erelgn people" are not of the parties there.
The farmiliars of the place wear, one and all,
the noble partiarule. Equerries, aides-do
camp and secretaries are counts and mar
(quises. The l)'Harcourts and D'Absacs are
not les premiers venus. The noble faubourg
and the Orleans St. Hionore FauIsurg are the
welcome quarters of Paris to the hosts of the
old palace of the Bourbons and Bonapartes.
The whlslperiiues in the gildedl salons are not
of the kind if. (amrbetta or M. Louis Blanc
would love to hear. Yet this Elysee--once
the ElysHt Bourbon and the home of the
Duchess die Btourbon--has e%-sn what its
present guests would call the canaille within
its wails.
The first revolution turned it into a casino
for the sovereign people, and they danced the
Carmagnolo where the minuet7 had been
walked, ant ate flibelolles in the royal boiu
doirs. Then it passel through the hands of
Murat into those of Napoleon, and here he
signed his abdication, and h.re aftewards his
nephew drew up, upon the same superb
mosaic table (now in the famous silver ltu
doir of Marie Louise), the procilamations of
the coup-d'etat. It was to have been the resi
dence of the Empress Eugenie aftcrthe'deatj
of her lord; but fate .willed it otherwise,
giving t firt toi C(e;sar's arch-enemy of the
Place Saint Georges, and then to the soldier
he dubbed Marshal and Duke on the field of
The palace of the presidency bears upon its
walls marks of its masters. The styles of
furniture are various, but those of the two
ermpires prilorinminate, and the N.'s and the
eagles are everywhere. The vestibules is spa
clous and superbly decorated. To the leftare t
the waiting-rooms of the aides-de-camp and f
visitors andi the two great dining-halls. The t
decorations are mostly of the first empire.
Two immense mural paintings by Charles
Vernet record two military achievements of
Murat. A redluction of the Vendome column n
is a striking object between the windows of
the lester room. The principal dining-hall
was built by Napoleon III on the ground
where the Duchess of Borry's orangery
steod, and it is now furnished with chairs and
sofas from Saint Cloud. When the Marshal
dines the diplomatic circle here, his i
guests find material enough for xonversation o
In their surroundings. If not a grand, the
Elysee is a gorgeous palace. The Ablon
d honneur, which looks epon the garden is
absolutely dazzling with its rich Louis XVI.
ornamentation, its wealth of mirrors, and its
hundreds of lights. But it is interesting
chiefly because it leads to the historic cor
n bed-chamber, now a brilliant reception roomn
a with a dainty tapestried recess at the ends
a where the great captain's bed stood. Chaplia
- has painted some charming itse - where
, charming its are generally wasted--over the
qq Iofty dUo01.
We are by the marshal's quarters. Beyond
the state heel-room is the council chamber, on
o the rod morocco chair of which M. Oambetta
hopes .re long to seat himself His first
pr olition may be to remove the medallions
of Vitor Emmanuel, Q.een Victoria, the Em
peror of Austria and other persons base
enough to wear crowns from the walls. But
there are people who let freely that by the
Sti me the ex-dlictator reaches im hetable at whleh
f Marshal do MacMahon presides in the Elysee
e he will I. a rank Orleanist.
hBeyond the council ehamber and through
ithe aides-dh-camp cabinet, furnished princ
pnlly with desks is the old work-room of
Napoleon I[I., which he occupled from his
election to the presidency of the republic to
the coup d' ¶oa, and where he tolled at affairs
of state with his friend and secretary Moo
quart, early and late. It is now the ants
Sroom to the cabinet of the marshal president
-the ol( library in whkc the presidential
desk has bhen adjusted, and which is filled
with books and papers intrsoer. with
samples of war material It is here that the
marshal receives, sometimes through the
whole day, and transacts buslnee with mini
ters gonerals and muniepal authorities, g-f
Ing his hest attention to many things which
ie hardly affects to understand and which
are uncongenial to the old soldier. Beyond
the marshal's work-room is his bed-rnoo-
the bed-room and the beel of kings
before M. Thiers slept under the Elysee
roof. M. Thlers in that vast bed I It seems
that when the Emperor Alexander was to
Paris he refused the royal couch as too broad
and stately for him, and had a hard milltary
bedl spread beside it" but It suited his Maje)et
Adolphe I., with Goelns tapestry around, to
regale his sleepless hours. Jy the royal an
imperial couch are the doors leading tothi
dressing-rooms. Up the grand staircase to
the exquisite Byzantine chapel, which the
architect Lacroix built for the Empress in
1167. It is richly decorated with marble and
gold, and includes some oelebrated paintings
of saints by the son of poor Mme. Hortense
iornu, the Emperor's foster sister and devoet
edl friend and literary assistant when he was
writing his work on artillery iii the fortrog
of i1am. A delightful, clever alnd accomplish
ed old lady was Mme. C(ornu when we goasip
ed with her about her dear Prince Louis some
two years ago.
The rooms round about the chapel are the
private apartments of the Duchess of Ma
gents and her family. They are those which
the Empress would have occupied had the
Emperor (lied in the Tatleries. The walls of
the boudoir are paneled with engraved glass
of elaborate design. This was intended as
the Empress' bathroom, but the bath has
been renoved, and in its place are the thou
sand and one conveniences and ornaments,
the comforts and frivolities of a lady's bow
dolr. The next room was the Empres'
bdlroom,'but It is now the Marshal s bil
liard-room and the play-room of his chil
dren, where at times several noisy games
go forward together ait the jeuc installed
in different corners Of the room. Be
yond the room of gam~i is the marechale's
ordinary sitting-room. The marechale is
a very busy ant a very devout lady. She is
to be se.n at all important church ceremo
nies. The other day she gave the bishop of
Verealloes a miter encompassed by a river of
diamonds or his "sliver wedding," the anni
versary of the twenty-fifth year of his epas
copate. Bepublican tongues are very wicked
about this and the general devotion of the
marochale to the church. Of course she is in
the hands of the Jesuits, and the marshal be
ing somnewhat uxorlous for a Frephman, Is In.
their hands also. Hne old kkindd of mischis
may be expected at any moment. The mare
chale's strong Legitimist sympathies, and
the crowds of rustling visitors who come
to the superbly tapestried ante-chamber
eyond to pay their respects to "the First
ly of the publlc, "leaving equipages he
low covereod with heraldic glories deepen the
Republican distrust. When the hostess and
her visitors from the noble faubourg babile st
in these stately chambers, it is not the praises
of the 4th of 8eptember and their enfourag
which they sing-at least we think not.
somme, the First Lady of the Iepublic, like
her lord, the chief magistrate of it, is not a
Republican. Nor, for the matter of that, is
she a Bonapartist, although her ducal caro
net came to her umon the wings of the eagle.
They are Legitimists with a taste for Orlean
ism. Of the marshal's loyalty to his late Im
!erial master men speak in whispers, with
anger in their eyes.
The marachale is a very benevolent lady,
why takes real'lnterest in her poor, and is an
active manager andl correspondent as her
well covered desk, substantial tcbmy inkstand
aned gum but testify. lier sitting-room is also
a work-ro.nn. The dominant piece of furnt
ture is a substantial writing table, fit for a
busy sweretary of State, at which she conducts
the correseondemce of the m'utes and funds of
which she is presidelent and patron, with a
vigor almost equal to that of the august exile
for whose dowager dlays this magnifil.en
suite of rooms was designed. The card table
and sofa beside the buracl are for the ecarte
which husband and wife quietly play together
when an evening at home and without
visitors can be snatche.. The Marshal
is not a studious man, but a soldier and
a sportsman, who takes lightly and
gayly to amusemsnts enjoys billards
and his pipe with his children about him, and
is content over a game at cards with his wife
afterwards. The private rooms Include a
handsome family dining-room (enriched with
animal pietes by l)esportes) and a further
room, the walls of which are broa larndscapes
that give it wonderful air and spasce, where
the family take their colffe. The official home
(f the marshal-prelsident of the republie is, In
short, a stately place, but made home-like by
the children who range through it-who, by
the way, are given to talk English as homaig
to their sle's drescent, andl who affect a Scotch
b(me. It is quite apart from the ceremronfal
halls below, where the illustrious billiard
player of the yremier, his nipe laid aside,
clatters to the vestibulen, his breast ablaze,
with orders, to recrlve his imperial hlghnus
or his majesty.
Tne Heat,
For the delight of those who are never eask.
fled with the temperature on 4 the mercury rses
above ninety, we publish the fol'owing variations
of the mercury as recorded at Frigeriu's during
the week:
8 a.m. 2p.m. 6p.mi. maximasm.
July 1..........8(; 92 9 93'
July 2.......... 85 9 90 92
July 8.......... 89 '. 86 92
July 4..........87 93 89 93
July 5........ 87 . 94 91 94
Jn y 6 ........ 89 96 93 96
Jqly 7.........89 94 90 91
We tsineerey-regrubthwtware n.te to make
it hotter, and our readers must remember that
we are doing our best, inasmuch as Frigerto's
therm )meter is placed against. the froit door
frame of his store, which is on the sunny side of
C.hartres street.
'he temperature as compared with that of last
year at the same period- uring the day-is e,
cessive, the average in July. 1876, at the office et
Dr. W. 8. Miitchel, in GaUlier Cout, from whion we
published our wea:her report, averaging aboxa 36
Sbhe hottest days ol that year were August 25
and 31, on the latter day the thermomertrn being
at 93 degrees at 2 o'clook and 91 at 3 o' ,loek p. a.
The '"eoorcher" this season was t''e 6th mst.,
the thermometer having been at 79 at the lowest
even during the night.
The initial numbers of the Touisiana Annual
Reports, got up by Judge Obarles OGyarre and
Percy Roberts, are now for es'e at F. F. Haoseh's.
No. 8Oausmp streer. The oal.oee of the work
will be abhortly expedited and rivn to the publlo.
J.. Walker, D. D. d.,10 Da1ocN 4 g , _i

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