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THE NEW ORLEANS DAILY DEMOCRAT.
OFFICIAL JOURNAL OF THE STATE OF LOUISIANA AND OF THE CITY OF NEW ORLEANB. VOL. II---NO. 22(;. NEW ORLEANS, SA tT RDAY, AlUGUST 4, 1877---QUA I)IDRUPLE 81H EET. PRICE, FIVE CENTS. S DOMESTIC NEWS. THU UG ATRIKE. 'he I'slultlon of Athlirr in the Mliing; tRerlon. IM4ecital to the Democrat.l New VORn, Aug. 3.-Dispatches recelved here by the President say that the Delaware, La kawanna and Bloomsburg Railroad got trains through by guarding each one with troops. Obstructions are put on the track. and wires are cut at night. Things are not yet quiet at Plymouth. The wires are cut at that place. About 4900 troops are here and along the lackawanna and UIlknmsburg Rail road. The Rountahnouts at Cairo. Special to the Democrat.] CAIRo, Aug. 3. -A number of levee negroo.s. last night, attempted to prvent hands from coaling the towboat Norton, and assaulted . tn with stones. Mr. Anderson, the mate, the rioters to Ilight by a few shots from his revolver, and no further interruption .c t urred., Afrival of . M. Troops at Mantt (Chunk. I[nciial to the Demtnoral.1 MAUc'R CRHUK, Pa., Aug. 3--Three hiun dred regulars arrived here tils morning. T'he Verdlet of the Oreoner's Jury in the Dalttinere Riot Case. [(Special to the Democrat.] 2ALTrrMORI, Aug. 3.--The coroner's jury in the case of the persons killed in the late riots by members of the Sixth Regiment, after three and a half hours' deliberation, conclude that the soldiers being demoralized, a great deal of unneceesary firing was done oil Balti more street, especially west of lGay street. The responsibility for killing rests with the rioters who attacked the soldiers. The au torities are censured for not having a police folce at the armory, sufficiently large to pro teeot the assembling of the soldiers from as saults, which forced them to use their wea pons In self-defense. Trains Mtepped. "BrrmrtrA.ant Aug. 3.-No trains wore al owed to pass Penn Haven Junction Woednes day, There are three hundred regulars with artillery In the vicinity to support Itce io ver Lathrop In working his road. The Lake Mhore Road. C(t ,t..AND, Aug. 3.---The tratip men of the Lake Shore Road resume work to>lay. (Gen eral Manager Newell made some t&echnical aed+Od sio to to the men. Shopmen awl =fz ht-h.e hands continue the strike. Federal Appointments In the soullh. [Sptcial to the Democrat.1 CI.NOftNATI, Aug. 3.-A G(Jt'tc Washington special says the tendency of the Administra tIon now is to appoint new officers in place of most of (kant's appointees In the South. VctllMtS Ot the Custer Massacre. (Special to the Democrat.] ST. LOUrn, Aug. 3.--The remains of ('apts. Yates and Custer, and Lieuts. Smith, McIn tosh and Calhoun, killed in the Custer mnassa cre, were buried at Fort Leavenworth. this afternoon. A Texas Loan. ISpecial to the Democrat.l Nnw YORK, Aug. 3.-The controller of Texas, now here, has called in five hundred thousand dollars of the pension bonds of that State, having negotiated a six per cent loan here. A Fatal Conflagratlon. [Spelal to the Demoernt.l CLnCINNATI, Aug. 4. - Pelstrlng's cigar box factory, corner of Eighth and Broad way, was burned this morning. The em ployes, mostly girls, were at work in the third and fourth stories. Some es caped through windows to the roofs of other buildings, but it is feared eight or ten perished in the flames. Four bodies have been recovered; bits of clothing still remain ing led to the identification of the bodies. Jahn Blanchard, engineer in the factory, died from injuries received and two girls and one man were so badly lbrned that they will prolnbly die. The Nathan Murderers tgain. [Special to the Democrat.l BALTIMORE, Aug. 3.-James T. Huff, ar rested on a charge of swindling, says in the statement found with him that Col. E. Garri son, Johnny Irving and Billy Forrester, all now in the State Prison, murdered Benjiamin Nathan in New York some years ago. A Texas Murderer. [Speelal to the Democrat.] WASHINGTON, Aug. 3.-Ex-Deteetive C. S. Bell, a witness in the safe burglary cases, has been arrested on the requisition of the Gov ernor of Texas, charged with the murder of Wm. Morris in 1869. A Call for 5-2Os. [Special to the Democrat.) WASHINGTON, Aug. 3.-The Secretary of the Treasury to-dayf issued his fifty-fourth call 'gr the redemption of ten millions of five twenty bonds of 1865. A Decision Touching the Late Confedl Seracy. RICHarooD, Aug. 3.-Judge Hughes, of the United States District Court, decided that the gold from the Virginia,treasury, which the State officials distributed among themselves on the evening of the evacuation of Rich mond, was the property of the United States Government, and that the action brought against said officials by the United States Government can be maintained in his court. The amount involved is twenty-five thou sand dollars. WAR NOTES. The Battle of Plevna. [Special to the Democrat.) LONDON, Aug. 3.-A Times special from Bucharest says that persons of high stand ing, arriving from Simnitza, state that the Russians occupied Plevna August 1 and rout ed Osman Pasha's army. This is thesame correspondent who recently announced the defeat of Ahmed Eyoub Pasha, which proved ThiNeras' narrative of the battle of Plerna on July 31 gives the Russian forces as thirty two thousand infantry, sixty field guns and three brigadesof cavalry. It says this defeat a makes the Russlan hohl on Bulgaria exltrem.e ly precarious. More Rulfsann Troops for the Danube. [Hpeelal to tho e Demorrat.] BRlr.trN, Aug. :.- The Russian Minister of War directs all army corps not yet mobill ized to furnish a division each to thed fighting army, to he immediately dispat.lhed to the Danube. Sweden Armning. Iveelal to th Denmocrat.] VlINNA, Aug.3.--The I'olitlirl (drrrrspm dren'estatAes in view of the piolitical aituatlon that Hwedtin eontenipiants some millitry prte parations. ''he War Il Atla. SHoecial to the D)emocrat.J EnzaoRStlt, Aug. ':.--The IRusslan col'ntre. havinig beeot reinforced, has resumed the oflensive. Tho'er, has bte'n continuous light ing on the alvaneed lintes before Enrs. T'he lRussian right Is imarching on l'erek. The Iluslan Dlnatcerq. ([sp.ioal to the Democrat.] LiONDO(N, Aug. 3.--A 'o.respnldent sends frlom Poredin, near Plevnait. agraphic account of Tuesday's light, from which it uaplars that the Russians were completely roul anlld their army demortlized. The corrtespondent adds that on this side of the Balkans there re maini hut the Ninth Corps. already roughly handled - once at Nikopolls and once at Plev na- one division of the Eleventh Corps antd the Rustehuk army. Now, if the lfustchuk army is marched to the west against Plvna, then the Turkish army of ltustchuk is let loose on the Russelan coummunieattons to Tir nova, one cannot avoid the cone'lusion that the Russian advance over the Balkans is so riously impeded. A special is pujlilshed giving an aounti of another defeat of the Russlanis before 1'levna Wednesday. Mnoblllitllti of the Mervlan Army. (Hpeclal to the Democrat.] LONDoN, Aug. 3.--A Belgrade speial 'says that there are strong signs of an appronahing moilllzatmon of the Mervian army. Turklal Victorles. 1Speclal to the Democrat.] LONoIoN. Aug. .--A .Shumnla dispatch re ports that Mehemot All is ntatcking .the Russians neoar Rasgrad. Thi Turks are reported meeting with ,mti' es( illn several engagement.ll Telegrams confirm tle Torki|lI tic' eupt ito of Es1ki Saghm'. The Dattle of Plevna. LiNDON, Aug. i:.--The \.tr.i. in its deta.ibh narrative of timt Iatti~ of Plovna. gives lthe Russian forces an :32, 000 infantry. 160 lihId guns and threi, brigades of cavalry', and says : 'Tils defeat makes the Russians' ]hoi in iful garia extronmely pll a'ioul, and must compel the withdrawal of trioops fronl somelll other point where they are neurly as hailly needed to boat the Turks at Pleovna. Beaten they must Ie, and that spneedily if the lRussian airnty is not forthwith to retire ingl oriously into tihe Danubian principali[tics. Movenents of the Two Arnlles. LONDON Aug. 3.--The K'we ' iltulhlro't corriesLnrident, tolegraphing omin Thursdaly, says: Bthe troops recently engaged ait 1'levn\1t have retired behind OsLna river. The Six teenth lDivision of the Fourth ('orps is cross ing at Simnitza and will probably reinforce them. All the seatttert pHRossian troops now In the principalities have heen summondt into Bulgaria, I understand the Turks are not advancing eastward fromn their Plevna position, but, are passing strong forces froml'ol Plla north ward toward Looca. Another Rutslan Defeat at Plevna. LONDON, Au. :1.--The )anily Thlrgraph has a sptxeial dllspatch purporting to give an ae count of another defeat of the Russians ibforo Plvina on Wednesday. The Russian Mituatlon Yerloaus. LoNismN, Aug. .--A Tirnova dispatch says: rhe situation is serious. As long as the Turks hold Pl'oina the army c( cps here cannot be further weakenel to rilnfiorceo Gen. Gaurko. There are some doubts whether he will be able to retain the advanced position beyond the Balkans. The Battle of Eski Mag hara. LONDON, Aug. :..-The Tcle'raphl,'. special from Karabunar says: The Russians lost live guns at Eski Saghara. Gernan Views. LoNION. Aug. 3 -Berlin papers consider that the battle of Plevna puts an end to all hope of terminating the war this year, and lessens the chances of intervention by Austria or England. The Irish Hmine Rule Party. [Spocial to the Democrat.l LONDON, Aug. 3.-The recent scenes in the House of Commons have c(aused a serious split in the Home Rule party, and Parnell is proposed for the position of honorary presi dent of the Home Rule Confederation of Great Britain, in place of Butts. A meeting of the party has been called to consider future ac tion in regard to obstruction. The Pope's Audiences. LONDON, Aug. 3.-A Rome dispatch to the Times says the Pope continues his audiences. MONEY AND STOCKS. [Special to the Democrat.l NEW YORK, Aug. 3.--Gold 105%; IU. S. G's of 1881, 111%; do coupons email@example.com; new 4%'s, 108'@4108%; coupons. 108%@108%; 5-20's, 1865, new issue. 106?s@107; 1867, 109; 1868 coupons, 111; 10-40's, 109%1~ 109%'; coupons, 112i;,; currency 6's, 124'~@126; new 5's, 1093% @110. LONDON, Aug. 3.-Consols for money 95 1-16; U. S. new 4.%'s, 1061.; 5-20's of 1867, 106%; 10 40's 110,:; new 5's 107,; Erie, 8'4. DOMIESTIC MARKETS. [Special to the Democrat.[ CINCINNATI, Aug. 3.-Flour quiet. Grain quiet and unchanged. Whisky steady. $1 08. Pork and lard are held firm.. Bulk meats, 514,7l/ Bacon quiet. Iý ST. Louls, Aug. 3.-Flour is very dull Wheat is lower; No. ,2 red $1 30 bid cash No. 3 do $1 20 bid cash; sales $1 174...l 175/ August. Corn lower; 43% cash, 43?r43> August, 4414@44 September. Oats easier' 261. bid cash for August. Whisky unchanged. Pok firmer; job lots $13 60. Bulk meats nothing doing. Bacon is unchanged. Lard steady; summer 8,'4. CHICAGO, Aug.3.-Wheat steady at $1 111 for August' $1 04' for September. Corni quiet at 47 4714 for August; 4..- 44674 for September. Pork dull at $13 57%/ for Septem ber. Lard dull; offered at 9 for September. Whiskey quiet at $1 08. WarsKr, WmsKY.-bee D. E. MorI hy & Son's anotiul advertiement. TIlE BIG STRIKE. TIlE NORTH TIIRE TENED WVITll A IREAL CIVIL WAR BETWEEN POOR AND RICH. The GJrowtil of C'ommuaunlnm, A.rarrianltm and M.oriallmn In tias Country, ani the tlme ntrenwth tand Power of the lnboring Classes. Iop-ialu C(,rrioponh,'nel, oe f the N. 0. Denorrnt.I NEw YontK, July :0. Tihe great strlike hlas now reached a stage at wlhich thosme, at least, who have nothiilng to lone or to gain bly it mn ay view It v.itlhl alnmness, and survey it with rel spect to its hearing upon sodtal and political questions. At all evenlts we haviseon to what an extenIt an uplheaval of certain classes of laborers may nffsct the welfare of socloty at large, and wee have also Csoon to what, extent the "'legal aulthorities" are able or powerless, whichever phrase you may prefer, to deal with insurrectionrs of such character. View ing the' affair fromn these standpoints, two conclusions are irresistIbln. First, that what is cnalie "law and order" is a condition that exists by c'ommnon consent of the body politic, if not indeed by sufferance of the mob: that is to say, the substratum of soelet.y. Seconld, that, c(ullt (t V EIINMa.ENTA iL HYiTIt is entirelly inadequate to the protection of tlhe tenormious aggregations of property that have drifted Into the ihands of individuals during late years, against turbulonene on the part of the equally vast masses of men who hlave ceen, during the same time and biy the same iprocisses, reduced to a sort of sorfdom. It is not my purposeto load your columns with turgid moralizing, or to repel your read ere with dull processeA of login. But I may instancee facts which are on all men's tongues without dlipping into the metaphysical and therebhy Incurring rliclule all the way from the composing roonm of tie IDEMOCRiAT to the breakfawt tables of Its readers. The nimost, striking fact developed by this mov'lement is the therrible antipathy which has growIfn up amlolng tilhe poor and laioroing classes aeaiiinst tthcse who possess grleat wc'alth. If this were ia more antagonismn in tihe aiestr'act .on the part of tAilltRl AAINST ('APT'rAL, intangible tnnd without ,ethtir resplonsiblc 4 tlrc'le' cr ' cr dfllncld clbjec't it would not anmoulnt to neilch. Buhtt t, lhas p.sseulI far be-ycond that stage' anld lhas re'acheld a point where', for ex alphle'. ,ohll Jone's and William Smith, labor o'rs, re'garcd Williamn H. Vanilderlilt, Jay (louldi and 'I'Toi Scott, eapitalisIts, as t'heir natural encecices, wheo.e welfare means their loss and whosel dicownfall wolild rediound teo their gain. Pl'er'itieps yoe u can better utndirstantild what I nat driving at If I sal thait. the indivilduals nanmed have are'fully keptl their pec'rsonlls (outi. of sighlt of the mliobt-s, andI for lthe c'S t of ote(asons. I veon c lrc tbo assert that to-day, qulliet as the sitiun - tion hal.s b'ecome, and thoeroughly as, the strik ors thniemselves hleaver supprdesMed the incilpient vielnites of thleir mloveelncoit. Toeirn Scott ceoldl nlt, get, throu'lgh I'ittecsbc:rg. o, r ""anclderhilt thirough Buffal, alive'! If 'you ctiak one of tihe tu'bullont, working mnon why he 'ich'rishes steleuh oelnlity towards thllose individuals who have never (lone him anyll pecrsonal harm, ihe will reply thnt, he "hates. tlhem lbecause they Itre richeer titan anybody lia a. right to Ie in this country;" and "becaucse tithe timnes nover will be good in thlis country so long as there are individual mnien in it, worth enough to make a hundred thousand imen comfortatable!" Tlhese two lprotpositions may ee hquoted as emibodying the fundamental mnaxiris of the' worloingmlen's rced, to wit: That certain men are "richer than any matln has a right to be in this country," and that "the tinmps n ever will be goxl in this countrly so long as there are individual lmcn in it worth enotgih to maken hundraed thousand men comfortalble." Now, then, I may not be an acute observer and may wrongly intllerret overything I hear; but so far as I am capable of judging thosentimcnts of masses by the expressions of individuals, and by the tenor of the, com mon converse anti acts of the whole body, the above is what I gather. To nmy mind it is perfectly clear that great changes have taken place in the tone and scope of thought among I the laboring and non-property owning classes in our country during recent years. You may call it by whatsoever name you please COMMUNISM, AGRARIIANISM, SOCIALISM-- or anything els,--I know from the evidence Sof facts which to me are indisputable, that in Sthe estimation of the vast majority of the SAmerican people, the mill)ionaire has come Ste be looked upon as a public enemy! This Sgreat fact must be met and considered in all legislative efforts to deal with the problems Swhich the events of the last few days have forced foremost into public attention. Some years ago the mass of the Northern people came to the conclusion that the South ern slaveholder was a public enemy-and we all know what was the practical end of that reasoning process. Now the enmity of the populace has a new object-the millionaire; and for my part I amu ready to hazard the prediction that his ultimatq fate will be simi lar to that which has overtaken the slave holder, unless-well, unless what ? Unless the millionaire can speedily organize a gov ernmental systemn adequate to the protection of his interests and to the constant repres sion of the turbulent masses, who see them selves growing poorer and more wretehed as he grows richer and more luxurious. The attempts of the State authorities to handle the mobs have resulted very muc like Mrs. Partington's historic effort to repel the At lantic tides with her venerable mop. THE FEDEEAL GOVERNMENT HAS INTERVENED here and there with handsful of regulars, but what have they done? Why, they have guarded the property of the United States! which the strikers never had any intention of troubling. As to the mob it has been de fensive, and, when unassailed, quiet. But in the single instance when it has been at tacked by the forces the States called out for its repression, it has rended those forces limb from limb-though little better armed than with the fingers and teeth of nature. We have seen that the mob already has the rude organization of quick sympathy in a common cause, and that it fights admirably under no better tactics than those suggested by the Instincts of self-prservation and re venge. But we are not permittAed to suppose that the mob will ever be again so badly or ganized, so poorly armed or so inefficiently led as it was upon this, its first demonstra tion. On the other hand, the prolongation of the causes which led to so much of organ zatlion and lleiciency as we have already seeoon will inevitably produce constantly Improving organization, and the next move will be just as much more formidable than this one, as this one was more formidable than the latent condition that preceded it. This "strike," as it is called, will soon end, the men will go to work again or permit oth ers to take their places, and the machinery of society will be set running. When this has been accomplished the average American citi zen will draw a long breimth, say that "it is all over now,thank (Gis," take a drink and be tran quil as to his mind. We have often remarked that peculiar goodt-natured cynicism of the average citizen. But "it will not be all over.' On the other hand there will be HIMPLY AN AIIMI5TIC'E. The bogrinied millions who tail have made a. show of force and are satisfied. Among other things they have,eonclusively shown that they are not to be "put down" by any dandy militia companies made up of dapper clerks and counter skippers, law students, et cetera, from Philadelphia. They have admonished tile "legal authorities" how frail and flimsy is the "authority of gov ernment" under our system- which seems to be represented mainly by dlemagog ucry and stupidity. And they have warned their employers that even the worm may turn. Let it not be presumed that the enormous and daily growing mass of men whose wages would not pay for the cigar stubs their nabob employers throw away, are going to abandon their organiza tion or abate their struggles. In short, this is an irrepressble conflict, and that's the sum and substance of meaning in this whole business. Well, I have lately read in some of the sa pient newspapers of the North, perhaps a hun dretd times reiterated, the grave statement that "this is the ancient conflict between cap. ital and labor, and labor ought to know that ('AI'ITAL ALWAYH ( 'SrTHn EDE T OF THE F TlIIT in the long run." l)eas. it? Well, yes, it, always has in the past. But stb p a molnint. Where anrl undelr hat, con ditions have lad 'or and capital struggled hero tofore when capital has "nlways had the hcst of the fight in the long run?" In England? Yes; where it is the custom to ride labor mobs down with squil.irons of regular cavalry- Dragoon (Guards-the most, perfect horse sol diery in the world --men who never ldisobey an order andl who think as their horses think by th, bugle. In France? Yes; whore in flf ten minutes the entire Faubourg St. Antoine can be swept with the giuns of regular hat tories from six directions, and where an arrmy corps of trained infantry can be sulmmoncel at ihl' drum tarp within any t'fty-mile radius in the country. And .o of e very other nation in Ch rist.cndlo but U n . Men talk about the' "repre..si'v power of the government" just as if our system were like' those of the Old World; devised express ly for the protectin of the rich and privi leged. few against the toilling and wretched mass. We have been tried in foreign war and, like other Republics, have been grandly successful. We have been tested in a section al struggle and the cohesive force of the na tion has been found all-sulficient. We' have just now had a FORETASTE (OF REAL CIVIL WAI:; of that conflict or classes, which is the most terrible of all species of war. And, so fur as force. has been called In requisition for pur poses of "repression," it has aggravated the evil instead of curing it. Pi'ttsburg would have bIen quit had not the Philadelphia militia firedtl the first shot. And even after all the turbulence provoked by the rashness and aggravated by the subse quent cowardice of the Philadelphia Furiosoos, it was the imobl) itself that checked the de struction; not the "legal authorities." After that Pittsburg affair, the venerable governor of New York got his back up and declared he would suppress the strike in this State if it took a hundred thousand men ! He called out his militia. HIe announced his intention of beginning at Albany and "opening the block ade in all directions." Had he adhered to his sanguinary declarations New York city would undoubtedly have been in flames within twelve hours after the firing of the first shot in the Central yards at West Albany. Butwe have oblserved that the venerable Gov ernor of New York did not turn his bloodthirsty militia loose after all. Simply because the railroad managers rushed fran tically to him--personally and by telegraph shouting, "Don't! for God's sake, don't! Do you want all our propertydestroyed ? All we want you to do is to make a show of force while we make a treaty with the insurgents! But for Heaven's sake, don't spill any blood !" Thus the venerable and well meaning coun try politician who finds himself to his great astonishment in the gubernatorial chair of New York was prevented from being the in nocent cause of possibly the greatest calami ty that ever befell any community. For I know indisputably that the torch was ready, and that the first shot fired by the militia at the striking workingmen was to have been the signal for its application to well nigh everything combustible in New York. The shot was not fired and will not be, ypu may depend upon that. Moreover the bulk of the militia has been ordered to disband. When you know these things you can form an idea of the meaning of a phrase hereinbe fore employed, that "LAW AND ORDER EXIST FEERE BY SUFFER ANCE OF THE MOB." When I heard of the exploits of HARTRANFT' MILITIA in Pittsburg I wondered if they were part of that fifty thousand whom the hangman of Mrs. Surratt was going to send down to mash the White League and restore the 2arpet-bag dynasty! If this, I thought, is their behavior when matched against a mob of women and children armed with nothing but cobble stones and coupling pins, what would be their fate when confronted by the veterans of Chancel lorsville and Chickamauga, armed with Win chester rifles ! But this is not to the Doint. There is another phase of the situation here to whichl I must not fall to call your at tontion. The key notoA was given out last week by HENIY WARD InEEI !IEIt and Bishop Simpson, and to-day in every Methodist and Congregational Church in the North the burden of the Aermon is to charge the' responsibility of the strikes upon the Catholic Church! 1 presume there are a great many intelligent readers of the DEMO c.|AT who will doubt this statement, unwill ing to belloeve that any pulpit anywhere could possibly be defiled with such idiotic sacrilege. But It is a solemn fact that the North Metho dist and Congregational Churches have seized upon even this agony to use for ammunition in their crusade against Catholicism. And this in fa.o of the fact that Bishop Taigg did more with his single voice to cheek the dievastation at Pittsburg than all the other influenFes that wereat work there com bined. Homltilme I thinlk that a people who tolerate [such an religionism, and suffer them selves to be glluidedl andi controlled by such idliotic knaves as the men who preach such doctrine, do not deserve anything better than the fury of the mob or the torch of the incen diary. Whatever may be the present Ilnancial and commercial effects of this movement upbn the country at large, I can say to my friends, the people of the South, that the politica.l results will be beneficial to them, in that it will tend to divert the attention of the New England domagogues to something else thin their recent task of inciting hate and suspicion between the North and the Mouth. You will got a long rest and respte from political persecution. while our sapient law makers thevise ways and means of protecting their own homes from the torch and their own persons from the stray bullets and the cobble stones of striking mobs. But to return to our mutton. The exle rience of the last two weeks has set THE MEN WHO OWN THE COUNTRY to thinking as they have never thought be fore, or, at least, to talking as they have never been heard to talk heretofore. The inale quacy of the presenmt governmental system to combat servile insurrections has been forced home upon the capitalist classes as a fact that can no longer be evaded. "'TIlE RE(OIbAl ARMY MUST BE INCIEAHED to a hundred thousandl men, and It must be donie by thll nerxt Congress!" exclaimed a banker in my hearing the other day, in ex citild colnversaltion upon the all-absorbing topic. lie uttered the senntiment of his class exactly. "There is no dependince on the militia," he saidl; "we nmi.st have soldiers that we can depend on'." You will hoar his words repeated often enough belfore the next session of Congress is at an end. And, mark you. the next session will see a tremnendous lobby marshaled in Wnshington to push with all the power of the combined capital of iho country a mcas uret to Increase the lregular army; possibly to the proportions suggesteId by my friend the excitcd banker; certainly to donble its pres ent lroportions. You must know that the capitalist classes of the North are alarmed as they never were before. The average citizen may forget the danger as soon 1as it is past, but not tlh maln of millions. He has lsn TIlE (H(OST OF TIII COMMUNE, and it will stalk through his dreams every nitght until he can fool with hisprototype of the. old world the security of mercenary bay onlets; enough to garrison every considerable town. Whelt do you think of the prospect ? fHow will the South stand on the question of increasing the regular army to the propor tions required to quiet the apprehensions of the panic-stricken millionaires of the North? Well, this and kindred questions will absorb the attention of the Yanke. demagogue for some time come. In the meantime you plant your sugar cane and hol) your cotton in in peace. Whatever the North may be able to do with its labor system, you at least know that you can control yours, provided the Federal government will keep its fingers outl of the ile. The dlifference is that while you ask the Federal governmenlt to keepits hands off and let youl regulate your own labor system, the North is frantically be seeahilng the sarne powef r to intervene and save it, from thel fury of its laboring c(lasesss. That is to say, in the Smoth the lroperty holdingr elemenIt is also the fighting elom ent; but IN TIE NORTH THE PRIIOPERTY IS OWNED BY NON-COa IDAT1'ANT, and the fighting classes are the laborers. It will not e long bcefore these distinctions are made still more patent to the casual observer than they are now. Pretty soon they will be made so plain that the wayfaring man, though a fool, may read and understand them. In conclusion, let me say a word. Perhaps' some who read what I write on this subject will imagine that my sympathies are with the mob, and that my facts are colored thereby. Not so. I have no sympathies. I am an ob server of facts and Idoubt if a more utterly disinterested, nay, apathetic, observer can be found anywhere. I am satisfied, for my part, with the SEMI-ARISTOCRATIC, SEMI-ANARCHICAL FORM OF GOVERNMENT, whose blessings all now enjoy, and I wouldn't sacrifice ten cents to save it from being con verted into a commune in one direction or into a monarchy in the other, as the case might be. I see the facts because I can't help seeing them, and I have stated them bluntly because I do not see what is to be gained by concealing them. But as for sym pathy, I am absolutely devoid of it, and shall submit to whatsoever one of these warring interests may get the control of affairs. If the labor mob wins in the long run I shall submit to THE COMMUNE. If capital can hire mercenary soldiery enough to crush the mob, as it would be crushed in England or in France, I shall sub mit to the strong central government which will inevitably follow. There is only one thing that I will not do: I won't fight for either of them. I fought in the late war to save the Union. And when I saw what sort of a thing it was that I had helped to save, I concluded I wouldn't fight any more. I saw patriotism turned into Grantism, and that was enough for me. It would have been enough for a respectable dog ! A. C. BUELL. FOREIGN MARKETS. LIVERPOOL, Aug. 3, 1:30 p. m.-.Sales of American 1250 bales. Uplands, Low Middling clause, September and October deliveries, 6 1-16d; new crop, shipped December and January, by sail, 6 1-16d. Market for yarns and fabrics at Manchester dull and tends dowd. Breadstuffs quiet; new mixed West ern corn 25s 9Gd@26s. HAVANA, Aug. 2.-Sugar fiat; clayed No. 12 9./@I10. Spanish gold 228@228./% . Exchange firm. All the wayfarers on Cuseomhou@e street must have noticed the beautiful new building which has been erected at the corner of Old Levee and Cnutomhoume. The Pt ople'e Bank is going to re move there on the 6th instant, and continue in its fresh l'cation the prosp-roua business that it has here'ofore deasrvtd be its good management and ire elicienruy of iat othier. THE POSTAL CONVENTION. OUR POSTAL AND TRADE COMMIUNICA. TION WITH MPANIMH AMIRICA. Lettrr from the non. William It. Burwell. Nmrw O)nthANs, July 19, 1477. Hon. C(has. E. Fenner, Delegate to the Postal Convntilon : Hir--I take pleasure in complying with your request to furnish you with my views and such facts as I have gather.ed touching the subject of postal and trade communica tion with Spanish America. It will not be nocessary to occupy space in tabulating the value of the foreign trade or the States and Colonies upon this Continent south of the United States. It will be as sumed at a total of $580,000,000 annually, of which the proportion enjoyed by the ports of the United States east of the Rocky Moun tains is perhaps ten per cent, or about fifty millions. It will not be objected that we claim for that portion of thi American peo ple who dwell along the meridian of the Mis sissippi Valley their ratable share of this commerce, nor that the people of Canada West, whose line of tropical trade coincides with our own, should employ the same ports and carrriers as to this trade with our own citizens. Lot us assume, then, tie 921l parallel of longitude as the axis of this inter course. It ca)rresponds with and confirms what Lieut. Manry longm since predlicted of the complementary commerce of the Amnaon and the Mississippi rivers. A population of more than twenty millious lies along this line of least distance and in suranee, north of Now Orleans. They pro duce a surplus of manufactures and pro visions only limited by the demand, d(omestle and foreign. The Intercourse between these natural customers has been perverted from its original course by the superior facilities offered at the East. A single Hhustration will suffice. According to the American Minister at Brazil, the American poop In consume more coffee per capita than any others, and, he adds, the Southern States more than any other part of the Union. In 1574 Now Or leans, the proper port for the supply of those twenty millions of conXsumers, only Im port~l six per cent of the whole supply Im port4kl Into the United States. Setting aside for the moment the true line which should supply the flour of It. Lmouis and the hog products of Cincinnati and Chicago in ex change for the coffee of Brazil, we will assume that the proportion of the trade val es to which the population referred to is entitled will justify the establishment of a regular postal and mercantile service between the port of New Orleans and those of Rio Jan eiro and Aspinwall respectively. It will be come proper, therefore, to inquire in what manner this enterprise may be effected with the most advantage to this country. Ocean and overland transportation has come to approximate navigation, in the direct ness of transit between departure and des tination. Aspinwall, on the Isthmus o(, Pana ma, is in latitude lodogrees north, longitude H2 degrees west (from Paris). New Orleans is in latitude 29 degrees north, longitude 92 degrees west (from Paris). Thie diagonal which connects these two ports will be, ac cording to Berghaus, 1400 miles. At twelve miles an hour, the steam time between these two ports would be four days and twenty hours running time. The papers to-day alver tise a time of "sixty-two hours from New Or leans to New York." This makes a total run ning time between Aspinwall and New York, via New Orleans, of seven days and ten hours. We may state the distance between Aspin wall and New York, via St. Thomas, upon the same authority, at 2458 miles, which, at the same rate, will make a running time of eight days and eighteen hours. There would be thus a saving of one day and eight hours, mail time, on the New Orleans route, with the advantage of the telegraph after the ar rival of the steamer atthat port. The saving of mail time and of traveling expenses of the interior centres may be found by the differ ence of mail time between New Orleans and New York and such centres, respectively. There would be the further consideration with those centres that their tropical business would be in part conducted by their own railroads and river craft. It is unnecessary to consider the competition of these inboard with the coast lines of trans portation. It is an established fact that passengers, specie and other insurable goods prefer the rail to the coast steamer. Our Eastern coast steamer tonnage has diminished within a few years past, and the railradls from the North and West have brought to New Orleans within the past few years more than $60,000,000 of merchandise. It may be inferred that these roads can as well stand the competition of the steamers upon the whole voyage as upon that between New Or leans and New York. In estimating these considerations of safety and rate of Insurance which enter so much into the calculations of commerce, we cannot forbear to reproduce an important argument in favor of the voyage through the Gulf of Mexico and the Carribean Sea employed by Hon. E. G. Squier, in his ad vocacy of a railroad across Honduras, from Puerto Cabello4o the Bay of Fonseca. He published a tabular list of fifty hurricanes, occurring from the year 1675 to 18'8, and illus trated their track by a chart. From this it appears that within a century and a half but one of these tropical hurricanes extended as far west as the shores of Central America, w.hile all the rest crossed the track of a voy age between New York and San Domingo or St. Thomas twice in the curve of its course. It may be supposed that a proposal to be stow the postal contract between the United States and the ports stated would meet with much opposition in Congress. It is very true that the influence of the Pacific Railroad has been cast against the Panama crossing, and that New York single-handed, has been un able to contend with that influence. The present proposition has, however, much stronger backers. It will be subsequently shown that an inboard service will enlist a large amount of railroad and representative influence in Congress. The great strength of the proposition, however, will consist in the economy which it offers to the postoffice service, which now falls so many millions short of the national expenditu re for that ser vice. We may not, indeed be very sanguine that the government will again adopt the system of establishing ocean mail srvice by the appropriation of sabsidies. The Post master General reported, last yearthat "a new arrangementhad been put into ul and satisfactory operation.' It is ' monthly the several steamers European service" upon a compa of their qualifications. The advantages rsul ing from this competitive system are "more frequent service, and greater rapidity of mail communication,withont additional cost." The only compensation given for "postal service (onmlnuct en . i.uth r.ºge.