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THE NEW ORLEANS DADILY DEMOCRAT.
OFFICIAL JOURNAL OF THE STATE OF LOUISBIANA AND OF THE CITY OF NEW ORLEANS. VOL. It---NO. 229). NEW ORLEANS, TI' ESDAY, Ai T'(ST 7, 1877. PI'CE, FIVE CEN. FOREI(IN NEWSN. Slltlit*ut lailntlll in India. ([pelial to the D)rnt'irat. ] CAurTirlA., AtigIsAt . Labrtt omlelal irto ports state that, Nepnnl, as well s Blletfnrnal and1 Assaam, have had Rt tleientd ralnrall, and are now safe. Twi Towns llmsiroy ei by Fire. (tpeoial ti the Detn crat. 1'n tlpo N, August 6. -Hpetlal diepateltre r'_ port that the vIllage of (lar.nso, near Man rientiledr, in Pttssia, has ivt. n tlestrovyel by fire, intll sn0 p'sotls are rentlererl itltn' 'The town of EIurdtvall, in Nwelr.,, hin aile, been almsite totally burned. Eosulnn Afttiul. [H Mpeiil it th iletnornt 1 hKEs W\a1 . Aug. a6. Ailvlee fr,,ll I lavana may ihft; tIunt'tis are i, trnolll t t linIt ilv llar will 'Itlgnt. to Ite ellottr'erndtl bIy ( l0n. Ill.ahet,, (len. lalutpon req.ilirl flfty ihliolllnnul tortte troops lAt trnlh thlme In utrrotltiti. 1ie frurtlhr seays that the in.teotgnte will only et rentlder ont reoelving1 heir indeptntl enee, anti recommends the Hpanleh govern mnl.t t.lot htl one of t.he,, u prlposlitlio ior the oti.her. An Fnwltlh lloiday. itoiNtON, Aug. 0. --The flint. Mot.tlav In Au gust being one of the days nptl'oi,,1 by rot of Parliament as a batik holitla, tl- is l oh berv%-i an a general hotitlty tlihrtughotut the Uinit r+ l inRgdhm. S WARI NOTEN. The Turk"s in C'ommtnlntlra n Wilth Rst. ctlhk and slhOlnnia. peeal i, to the Dtemonrna.l VIENNA. Aug. 0(.-Mtrategieally, the most important advtihce fronm tloe seat of war in the oc.upatitMo of Molvi. 'This Ixposes Tirnova and the passes. Gten. IourI.'.s camp Is said to be phort of prl'o iolans and aulllnunlitlon. Raltehuk is no longer investml from the land ttide, andl conttlllication with Mhunla was opened yestrdnlay. The Position of the Rfliutanm. (Mpecial to the L)Democrater LONniloN, Aug. .- --The Timre correspondent esays that on Thursday thte Ituinan ativanee guard was within six mltw 'of Pllvna. whilel the main bodxy occupied a strongt postit.ln ont the range aof hills, nine miles frtl'he' rust. (i-n, Krutlener having been strongly rein forced, Is able to resist any olensivt, motve mentt of )omnan Pasha. The eoireaspondlnt says that thie itasiane have suffered a dilsastroun heiek, hut, that iH all. IRunsla' Request, of Anmlrla. [MIpeelal to the Demot'rat, LONDio)N, Auglust .:--A Berlin etrresponti out telegraphs that in e.itiquene, of the do fea at a Plvna the (Jar las asked the Emlpo ror of Austria to withdraw his former protttst against the, .1tanilans entering etrvia antll eonjoittly with the Merviane operatting on Sthe loft. flank of the Turks. Another Pontoun llrldle over the Dan utbe. (npecial to tlhe Dnmocrat.] LotNnoN, Aug. 6.--A second pontoon lbrltlge at H1innlttai will be ready for 1use itn few days. An Amelriclan at the Ru.nian Ileadqiuar ters. lnlt'lial to the Domocrat.1 LoNDmlN. Aug. t6. Ciol. (Irtl.i,. Utlit4e Statte. millitary attche, hits arrived at t hite uesiall hleadqlluartt'rs. The lidla Fa Pnlae. [(oetial to the Demoeriit. NlNuoN, Aug. 0.--The hiarve.et prospoelts in India are reported somewhat liprovrt'V, Iunt, the sev.re distr.ss will protbablly cotlltiniute fior some ininth longer. In Southllern Indih the nortality Is inc'reasing ain tit di. ltrist is raeahing the xbetor classe.. )DOMESTIC NEWS. A B1g IDamagi e Sult Against McHee, of Sl. Louis. tSpeoial to the Demoorai. ] ST. Lort.s, Aug. 6.-A civil suit for dam ages, embracing 1653 counts and aggregating $2,314,200. has been tiled in the United States Circuit Court by the United States govern ment against Wim. McKee. The counts are I all alike in form, except that the name of a different distiller is Inserted in each, charg ing the defendant with unlawful removal of distilled spirits, and also with aiding and abetting in the removal of said spirits. Labor Reform Conferenrce. [Special to the Demoorat . FAIRPOTNT. N. Y., Aug. 6.- A labor reform conference was held at 9:30 this morning. Va rious features of the labor question were dis- I Saratoga Races. 4 [Special to the Demoerat.l SARAT(OA,. N. V., Aug. 6.- -There was a fair attendance at the races to-day, and the track was dry. The first race for maiden two years olds, three-quarters of a mile. wiaswoon by Pique, Clifton second and Telephone third. Time, I The second race was a handicap heat race, a mile and five-eighths. The first heat was a I dead healt between Ambush and Henry Owens, t St. James third. Time, 2:56. 1 The second heat won by George the Fourth; St. James second, Ambush third. Time-2357. The third heat and race won by George the Fourth, Henry Owens distanced. Time, 2:54. ( The third race, a mile dash for three year olds, was won by Bill Bass; Vermont second, the Princess of Thule third. Time, 1 :45', The fourth and last race of the day, selling race, mile and eighth, was won by Fugitive, in 1:59; First Chance second, Partnership third. A Triple Murder. [Special to the Democrat.) COLr)rt-s, Miss., August 6.-A triple mur der was committed in Pickensville, Ala., be tween Friday and Saturday evenings. A young man named Bush, a farmer, had a v; dificulty with a negro named John Colton, S niTII killml Bhinh. hI t 1s, 4nt h tiiy iwn nr IIf'M pfIPtoln wnifto, r tnIn iingin nn t, n rnr ) in iifioRL himn. 'rhIe nlnigi'n wRO nil.pfflel by 01Wv nm-ni mtiimiin, wiin tireid iii thn ionmg innim, kill iing one of tni Ihe thinflf il M.in ffy. Iiii frioi'ii' Kilpmtm'ink nnrniif Hgmrni- dnwf tmied to r'enpn, Wit F wan~ fff mimmili and~ m-nrinrei II' I lf'ff. It iR ll htih lflfI~t nIffl (iIi kiliild 1)1l1111 iff'i null liiiipal.fi'i Tie 111i erImll Cfrlike. t$ prn'irti 1 ills- LIcnrmloratI. IRt~tnFn'ifi i. N. .., Afug. i. 'rlii' iniilneri (or tif militia ff1m ll In alo rjffu'tiiinli ff1 mmii Nnw Jtifffll'fRflk to -flny and orei tiir' f li lug ( hinPflitf titifli If ff111dIV If t.iff'y lii'' fft 1,ii fffIR lI'fi I f'y I 'll jff'fI. if) tIn fill'ifI Ilr PI' t Jffhiiffff tom pffftf'f' till- flfffR. An fli14'ffpl wolrn gfialacinltf IrtllS tlh" fi-nll went. 11111. Te~I U4r1n ~l muIliire i In i~n . ti-niffoI II tif I fin Iinmnl'-t. I Kmiui, Alig. ii. iffljf ff'flfI' flmilff t 1)r'- Aloismnon Valley1 . ncitfllltng f-nfmlxº I' kiik Ill iifft lio ffge. Ray tint. tff gffiffffhffplpefnf. II 1 pilo tilfm iii Inhe flfItllhf'ff'fctclf n'Ii lnonntinnf. flut fall diiiflg lfi ll mimmnign. (Il till whffli' ililm unton fll' verly iint.nm-iig. - - --0 0* . - CAPITAL NEWS. Iledui'in l thii Nuinlbrr of Vedernt OQfleInfr. fýpo'inA Io tlts Dtnonurrrt.1 WAontItn roi, Aug. i. Wifli il vilw to I ho 1'flnul'toll of tlp'l foa'''. V W. Iltlggoili, Inlitl'dl Htat4s1 alplpraiser' iii Now 4 )rioalt'n, nail C'. .1. thabor, Idtt 1'wlrltn.h. ]t'A11 . linto Iu Claim" to A111111" -1polal to the Damo''rnt.l WAanmTlvoN. Aug. c.- -T'II $pnliui, got" Irnrnsnt has depoOltorld with tliii Mourot'irvr if t State I80,1OO0, being tho inlll'rfst onf tho ini e voted atnount of AnlIoric n c(ln'imI uponl the .S panish govertnment. The t riettihiittion Iio oAi neat wiR ho tnad' by thc' epI'rotnr.y of if State. mama k( nimi the Amerlican 3'rinp Illv hil to till' Domnoornl.l a WAsrttttGto Ir, Aug. II.--No officiul ndvic'on havo bioon ro'oirI fl horn th~tt tho AIuorh'uIII flag has btinn holstot nt t4 -nlnnn nd lllogpinnoor tondorodi this couni0tryr, hut. thy, int4'Ilt . 11111 rt (ofntntill'l Htit.l110lotn ofl n. prnr1. l nll'ntltO I'y iriolq thorl' Inst. Mnttlodn v, E'luanlr s In Fedlerof 4Rftir. It Ist"'tuii to titsn 1)rnor it.l tilt, I' fo l)oof HI' o'10 I '(ntll'ol d or If · l Ii o aR ory. who rotA ron lob Iio'I 1. 1, I II ho -u ll oooi" lI 4 The Drawluark. on auuwnr. tMII'winII to thel lrnmo' rat. WAMIOINOToN. Aug. :.---T'to Hoorl'tny of I ho 'I'rowry ilnr -iu cg iofolro 111111 .opolrltI fly tilt' (lo (!olll anlonors oft this nu Phjon~lt of the ci I1rIIw backs on sugalr. P(11 doclliling 14 nll0 w tfho nrpporte to, bo puh~llisllr'd in ncl\·rllce of hi t Mttionl, It 're1Ntrtcr i )1n tlufr'rvioworrl the sugar1 'ttfinomn, who il) ink tho govorumont lillllid n not mako cbann o In Ho Ilnportantllll It inrrtttcor an till tho fau'fn of tho a1l141'. If. i hieIogod li fit, - I i'l'14f)ic' l hnlll I' fl'lll nIll ' It ii 1 1141 I hll '14, )11111 1'ai)1'ti tilt, diwttll·)rtallcoo In I llr·c c~itio·R. and mmlnl o IA) got, (voli with e'oirmii po11tio10 inl It l11r1d1 y 111't wh(if h Ile wa f11tr111 t(o roioo, lo by oar of the( (1,,ovorrt lnc·nl( A Labor nareana Proposed. WASHmINO(TON, Aug. 6.- The ( 'abinet had untder ,onitler'atl, oll tlhe r4c ni mendatiohllni to (Cllongxreas of a htbor 'bureau i .o i(iIIiproIise stlike. and n Ir leh generally betweenl the' em plaly(r an1d the eloph1yed. Caen. Shermaun'i Viewq. VWAIT INI'ION, Aug . 6. (len. Siilalln writrs, fronll tlheI lndlia c ,oultry, highly ap proving of Illiltary posts ill the huirt of tie Indliltl c lollln ty. MONET AND rTOCHMN. [Soseial to the Democrat.l Nuw Yonr, Aug. 6. -.Gold 154; IU. S. I's of 1881, 111t4ti@Ill; do coupons 112'4; now 4''s, lls r1)144 lo, ; o', pons 1(,.'i s : 5-211's, 1865, new iSUIII, 1070(10i7, ; do 1867, 109l4)10ill%; 1868 coupons1 1113'; 10-40's, 110' @119"4; lou coupons) . 113 ; culrrlenc'y 1i's, 12531,; new 5's, 1104. DOMENTIC MARKETM. [Spe'lal to the l)emocrat.l CINCINNATI, Aug. 6. Flour quiet. Wheat In fair demland; amllber alnd whirte $1 2001 35. Corn quiet. 46(t.. Oats dull; new 27@35. Whisky steady. $1 os. Pork and lard xnomi nal. Bulk moeats urn held at 5.15@7%y. Ba con quiet, 6@8,9. CHICAGO, Aug. 6. Wheat dull, $1 11 ".5i 1 11' for August, 1 04o for Septelni.er. Corn dull at 47 (t@47,' for August; 46( ,@46'' for September or cash. Pork quiet, $13 32 for September; $13 371/6@13 4o for Octoelr. Lard quiet; 8.80 for Septemuber. Whisky steady and firm at $108. ST. LOUIs, Aug. 6.-Flour 1dull and lower: treble extra $6. Wheat-a shaide lirimer; No,. 3 red $1 20o/01 21 cash; $1 17~ 7- August; $1 14'n@l 15 ->eptoember. Corn unsettlh I and lower; 42@42,i. cash; 43:;t@.43!i August; 4:01 '4441, September. Oats quiet, 261.. Whisky steady, $1 08. Pork firmer; $13 55 cash. 1)ry salt nients--nothing doing. ]aemon steady, 57'@uC8. Lard utasier; summner SEW YOlK, Aug 6, Noon.-Cotton quiet; uplands 11 9-16, Orleans 11 11-16; sales 452. Futures steadier; August ,11.49(011.51, September email@example.com, October firstname.lastname@example.org, November 11.04ltll.08, December 11.06611.10. Flour dull. Wheat dull; spring for forward delivery easier; winter a shade firmer. Corn dull aRid he'avy. Pork heavy, $14 20@14 25. Lard heavy: stnamn 9.20. Spirits turpentine firm. 33. rosin quiet. $1 75(@1 85 for strained. Freights quie't. MARINE NEWS. Naw YoIRK, Aug. 6.-Arrived: Bolivia, Clyde. Arrived out: He-nrietta, Cornelius, Augusta, Hed(gwig, Ada, Carter, Australia. Homeward : l'remier, for Tybeee; Oberon, for New Orleans. RIVER NEWS. ISpecial to the Democrat.) MEMPHIs, Aug. 6.-Atlantic and barges, for New Orleans, passed down early this morning, and Port Eads, for St. Louis, passed up with one engine disabled. THE WEATHER YESTERDAY. The following is the "temperature" at the various points named, as reported by the signal Service telegrams furnished by Ser goant Brown. of the HigKnl Bureau, mnd haull rating the sitt.o of tlihe tmnmporatur at, tlh pollnt named, at 1 p. Im. yresterday: Ctairo At duegrees' , lnchminitt i, (nGalvreston 90, Krtokuk 77, Ialnroeuo Hlt, Leavenworth MO., Loulrvillo 8n, Memphis +90, Nashvill HIRt, UOmaha i3 l'ittlab.urg H7, Hhrovport, 194, Ht.. Louinli 77, At. Paul 8I , Vifkshurlg 95, iYankt.n ii). T.) M2, Augutsta ((Ga.) I1, C.ursiunana (''Tx.) 1oHt, Mohlle R4, Morntginomery 95, Havannar H it, Now Or)tlna 91., unnl Key Wpest RN. -- - .,.4**-- - TH1'E ATEAI MHIP ALAREtIMA. This fine s'strtaehp arrived yesterday from Peneseola, bringing over a number of persons from that cily on a visit or pleasure and business comb:aed, tibs I .ing the first trip of this aiu peib orft., whose sRcotllntnmodations and con1 venienoas are tboae ro fl aetc ani s ship. Many expressed themselves saso ished that our merchants ihad not long since sot n the Im portnt n uneotesly of having a ship like thisle in tho I'e ntaols tratle, preferring to travel by water when the proper accommodations and o mfrorts were gn itranteed them. The Alabama is a sidowbeeler, and has a ca pacity for esrrying 5000 Iharroli of freight. We were told that when shie moved out of the bean tiful bay of PIensacola hundreds crowded on the wharves, and a salute was fired, and as she moved swiftly and gracefully by the navy yard and forts out into the (ulf of Mtxico, ithe was greeted on all sides with exelatnatons of admiration. Col. iorts has indeed a beautiful craft, and one worthy the especial attention of our traveling public and our merchants generally, and he should be highly complimented and enoturage' for his energy, push and on erprise, The officers are erpe rienced and contteoutt gentLreni antld altogether we may say the advent of the Alabama is a pleas ant astd grateful surprise to the Floridians, and itth us is a happy 'orebodlng of better times to -c --.e -. .. o -ne, - -. OAKHY MAll'A. WHIEIItEAIll'I'Tp helief That file KHi-Ring Mayor of New Tork Hah uauaSlht Conwenlal C em pntnonlhlp lie Conrlnntinople. [Ohioago Times,1 NEW YonR, July 1.---The World says that a resident of this city, who is a friend of ex-Mayor A. Oakey Hall and a member of the bar, made some inquiries in regard to that gentleman while in London, recently. He says that there is no doubt in his mind, from what be heard that Mr. Hall was nearly penni less when he reached London, and that his poor lodgings in an obscure corner of the city were selected from necessity, rather than from a desire for conceal ment. Ho poor was he that a former acquaintance of Mr. Hall. who met him soon after his arrival in London, inter ested himself in his behalf and endeav ored to secure for him some employ ment. Mr. Edmund Yates editor of the London World, was applied to, and, after listening to the story of Mr. Hall, agreed, upon this person a representa tions, to give him some work to do al thourh he had grave doubts about Mr. Hall s ability to do literary work ac ceptable to the readers of an English journal. Just as an appointmeqt hati been made for Mr. Hall to, call upon Mr. Yates, the American malls arrived, bringing the New York papers contain ing Tweed's confession. In thin confos sion was the statement that Mr. Hall had received ton per cent of the profits of the ring frauds. This was a stag goror to both the gentlemen mentioned, who had believed, up to that time, that Mr. Hall was at least innocent of having taken any of the proceeds of the frauds. They were placed in rather an awkward position, but Mr. Hall, with his rare in tuition, seemed to know that they would be so placed, failed to keep his engagement with them, and almost immediately disappeared from London. The impression is now very strong among the few in London who take any interest In the matter that Mr. Hall is in the employ of James Gordon Bennett, in the East, probably at Con stantinople. John Russell Young, how over, knows nothing of any such em ployment of Mr. gall. In Paris the informant met Mr. Bennett and asked him casually in regard to Hall's where abouts. Mr. Bennett turned theconver sation without replying to the inquiry. ANIIFY IN THE MOUTH. A Mouti Carolina Dlitrict Agrees to Drop Political Violence. and Mendl a Commlttee to Washington. [N. Y. Tribune.] WASRINCITON, July 29.--A delegation of gentlemen from the Edgefield and El lenton districts of South Carolina, corn posed of Republicans, both white and black, and of Democrats, has recently called upon the President. The object was to lay before him the proceedings of the late mass meeting, participated in by all classes in those por tions of the State, at which the people on each side pledged themselves hereafter to live in peace with their neighbor of every class or race, and agreed each with the other that violence and disorder arising out of political dif ferences should cease. As a result of this agreement all the parties to it have united in asking the President to cause to be dismissed all the cases recently tried by Chief Justice Waite, and at the same time they say that the State au thorities propose to dismiss a number of political suits begun in local ccurts against Republicans. The President expressed much satisfaction at the im proved condition of affairs in South Carolina, and members of the delega tion report that he promised to take into consideration the request they had made. THE MORRIMITFM. [Walls Walla Union.] Up on the the mountain side, between Mill Creek and Russell Creek, there live a colony representing about sev enty persons, who are commonly called Mormons. They are an offshoot from the Mormon Church. Their first prophet was one Morris, who was killd by old fashioned Mormons years ago. The most noticable peculiarity about them is that the men never cut their hair, and some of them look as though they never washed or combed their long locks. The head of the colony is a fine looking man by the name of W. H. Davis, who has a son now about five years old, that is claimed to be the second Christ. But little is known of this sect by our people, as they live in a lot of houses built close together, and do not "neighbor" much with the settlers around them. OMEr I IAlICAl1I, RIIANlIARR IN TIHE Ot I'ay and 1IIlPnae of IseaIlnftrs- IollyinR Made a Crime. An Atlanta letter, written on the work of the Georgia Constitutional Conven tion, says: "A just description of the convention's progress begins with the fifth day's work, when the list of stand ing committees as; completed and ai nounced. A summary of the resolutions introduced will beof value as indicating how conscientiously the convention is working, and what a choice of matter the several committees will ul timately have to pass upon. To provide for a debtor's release after surrendering his estate, except in cases of fraud. To prescribe the du ties and remunerations of servants of the General Assembly nrnd forbid extra compensation. To locate the seat of government by a popular vote, irre speclive of the adoption of the consti tution. To report a separate ordinance for ratification concerning the home stead law. To disfranchise persons convicted of "crimes involving moral turpitude" whatever that may be. To pay jurors $1 a day. To fix the home stead at $1ºt0 realty and $.4o0 pertn alty, specie value. To create twenty judicial districts, judges to have $2500, a year each, for fout-year terms beginning in 1M8o, To admit, no new coubtles, give each county a representative and provide for fifty senatorial districts. To deny private charters and local acts by the Legislature, and vest the right of their granting a passage in the superior courts. To prohibit using the state's credit for the advancement of private enterprises. To prevent the Statebeing made a defendant in its own courts. To abolish county courts and commis sioners and confer their powers on courts of ordinary. To free all property of the wife at her marriage, or subse" 'luently acquired or inherited, from lia billty, for the husband's debts. To create a State board of education. To collect taxes by contract. To appropri ate no money but that derived from the poll.tax for public school purposes. ro prohibit giving passes or re duced price tickets to legislators. To change the court of ordinary to a court of probate. To fix the basis of representation and per diem of mem bers. To revise generally the honie stead law. To organize Inferior civil courts. To provide for twelve judicial districts, judges to be elected by the Legislature. To forbid enacting special or local laws concerning charters of municipalities, municipal affairs, chang ing of names, highways, ferries, elec. tions, etc. To provide for an insurance department and commissioner. To ex empt $100 of each taxpayer's property from taxation. To provide for elections to the General Assemnbly, An so on, and so on, for the above barely comes half way down the list of that day's notices. The questton of per diem was dis cussed on the 16th, one resolution fixing it at $, with flv . cents mileage one way, and another at $3 with an amendment limiting the total expense of the con vention to $2:.,000. Mr. Tift, in moving the last, said that if members of the convention were hired for private pur poses they would naturally expect a arger remuneration. At the same time he would not have the pay of delegates cut down to amore nominal sum, which would exclude poor men from serving, though he recalled how under the $7 a day allowance the Legislature was the place to which all were anxious to got. On the 17th it was proposed to cre ate the office of Lieutenant Governor to regulate the expenses of the General Assembly, to provide for biennial ses sions and to limit the duration thereof to forty days. Rather a nota ble and novel proposition was that to allow each county to fix the pay of its representatives in the Legislaturo-and defray it. The finance committee reported an ordi nance fixing the mileaKo of members and officers at ten cents a mile, each way; members, the door-keeper, and the messenger to have $4 per diem, and the president $7. A signtlcant resolution directed the same committee to inquire whether the industrial and producing classes as distinguished from the class dealing in money and securt ties, can prosper under the present banking system; asking by what au thority the system of State banks is suing a currency based on coin was changed; whether the interest of the producer does not demand cheap money and that of the bondholder dear money, and whether no improved plan of cur rency administration could be devised by the, convention. On Thursday, the 19th, the committee of final revision submitted its first re ports-one authorizing the General As sembly to raise and equip a State mili tla, but giving it no pay except in cases of actual service, and another providing that all elections he held by ballot, and conferring the suffrage on male citizens not minors, six months' residence in the State and three in the county and pay ment of taxes being required. Persons convicted of felony or larceny (this proposition alms at the negroes, of course), are ineligible, unless ttey have been pardoned; so are holders of public moneys contrary to law: so are duelists, who are also disfranchised, and liable to punishment as well; a registration is provided for; electors are privileged from arrest, save for treason. felony, larceny and breach of the peace, while going to or returning from the polls. Atlanta at this session made her bid for the capital, offering ten acres of ground now unoccupied in or near the city and the City Hall lot of five acres. On the 20th an important resolution was adopted, providing for the submis sion of the constitution for ratification by a majority of all the votes cast. The bill of rights was also reported. It is rather long, according to your corres pondent's way of thinking, but deals with most important subjects. Its thirty sections declare that all government of right originates with the people, and is instituted solely for their good; that im partial and complete protection to per son and property is the paramount duty of government; that all American citi zens residents and citizens of Georgia. shall be protected in the rights of citi zenship by law; that no person shall be deprived of life, liberty or property, save by law, and that liberty of conscience shall be assurcd. Privilege c,f counsel, etc., are guaranteed; no law shall ever be passed to curb or restrain the liberty of speech or of the press; unreasonable searches and seizures are guarded against; there is to be neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, save as a punishment for crime, and after due conviction; "the social status of the citizen shall never be the subject of legislation ;" the writ of habeas corpus shall never be suspended; excessive bail shall not be required, etc,; punish ment for contempt Is to be limited by act; there is no imprisonment for debt, neither any banishment as a punish ment; whipping is prohibited; the truth may be given in evidence in prosecu tions for libel; lotteries and the sale of lottery i ickete are prohibited under penalty; no special law may be enacted where a gener-l law covers the case; and the people have the right of peace able assembly and petition. During the debate, when the clauses relative to the militia were adopted, an active discus sion ensued upon the proposition to compel voters to, pay up their taxes he. fore they could exeroise the right of suf frage. Alr. Wofford led the opposition in a most forcible speech, declaring that debt was no crime, and that it was emi nently unriulst to prevent the elector from exercising his high right of suf frage because he had not the money wherewith to pay the taxes. Mr. Law ton asked, with equal pertinence when it had been that non payment of State taxes in Georgia had not operated as a disquallflcation, and argued that the proposed constitution was much better than the existing one-a view in which the convention acquiesced. On the 21st a lot of new articles were reported, making the boundaries of counties the same as they now are by law; forbidding the creation of new counties or changing the county lines, unless under a general law; requiring a two-thirds vote at a special election and of the Assembly to change a county site; making terms of county offioials two years, and establishing uniform county tribunals throughout the State. There was then a lively debate on the dueling clause of the report on the elective franchise, but it was finally agreed to. It debars from holding office residents of the State convicted of fighting duels, or of acting as seconds, or of abetting in dueling in any other manner; but as a conviction is required the clause is much leos formidable than it looks. The sixth section excluding from registration and office persons convicted in the State courts of treason, felony, etc., was debated at some length, it being opposed that it was manifestly unjust to exclude a Georgian criminal but to admit an infamous persofi from another State; finally the section was agreed to, but after a perfect hailstorm of motions, amendments, substitutes, and the like. A motion to make women eligible under the school laws was igno miniously laughed and voted down. On the 23ld the proposed articles re lating to the Executive were submitted providing for a Governor Secretary oc itate, Uomptioller 0eneral and Treasu. rer; terms two years; first election to be held on the first Wednesday in Octo her, 1880; one re-election immediately following the first timeallowed, and the President of the Senate exercising ex ecutive powers in case of the death, resignation or disability (no provision for absence just as was the case in Pennsylvania), a two-thirds vote of each house overriding his veto; salaries of Interior State officers not to exceed $2O)0. On the 24th the vexed question of the capital came up, the committee favor ing the location of the State buildings at Atlanta, while a minority report would take a popular vote as between Atlanta and Milledgeville. Lobbying was declared to he a crime to be pun ished by suitablelpenalties by the Gen eral Assembly. A proposition to abol ish the death penalty was promptly tabled, as also was another prohibiting the leasing out of convicts and ordering the establishment of a penitentiary for their confinement. On the 25th a motion to reconsider the clause making lobbying a crime came up, the motion being supported by mem bers who affected to believe that the adoption would only signal to the world Georgian disbelief in the virtue of her legislators. A couple of gushing speeches were made upon the subject, and then the motion was not reconsid ered. Similar action under similar cir cumstances was taken in the case of a motion to reconsider the anti-whipping post clause. The most important action of the convention was, however taken at the same session in reconsidering the twenty-seventh section of the bill of rights, so as to allow many special privileges and immunities to be Irrevo cable, and thus to encourage corpora tions. The usual anti-monopoly argu ments were offered, but the convention by a narrow majority placed itself on the side of the inviolability of con tracts to secure for capital the utmost security for developments. -- - 1.----- 4--- -. ..... -q .u --- - VIRGINIAk POLITICM. [Chilago Times.] The political situation in Virginia is now highly interesting. The two ques tions to be settled at the convention in Richmond next week are, first, whether Mahone, who is in favor of repudiating a part of the State debt, shall be nom inated for Governor, or some other man who is not in favor of repudiation; second, whether the administration of President Hayes shall be squarely in dorsed. Mahone is very strong and is still gaining, but the anti-repudiation ists are making an earnest fight. He is making a very bold canvass, and the well-informed Virginia pol iticians think that he may bolt if he is not nominated. He is in favor of indorsing Hayes, and the Petersburg Post, his principal organ, has said several times lately that this indorsement should be a full and com plete one. A prominent Virginia Re publican says that the question of what the Republicans will do depends entirely on whether the Administration is in dorsed. If the Bourbons triumph over the Liberal Democrats and prevent this, then some Hayes Democrat will prob ably be nominated in opposition to the regular Democratic candidate. He thinks, however, that the Democratic convention will indorse Hayes hand somely. Bavaria refuses to make any new con cordats with the Holy See as binding in religious matters on German soil, THE PRElI.PSlR AIN THE aOV1'Tw. lhe President Thidki that HIi Prease Polley Has Ilefn icilly VledirtL4. Oi lncinnetl Oommercri., ] WAsnieovrncl, Aug. .--The President laughingly says that he would likh to, hear what can be said against the Houthern policy of yacifloatlon now. "Suppose," says he, "that we had gone on the old way, and sustained ('haom berlain and Packard in South Car ,Iina and LouisIana with the army which was the only way they could be st talned. And we all know that with the feeling In those States that then existed it would have taken nearly the whole army to preserve the peace there and protect the local officials in their claims to their positions. With the army thus employed, what sort of a fix would we be in when the riots broke out last week? What could we have done! One thing we would be compelled to do1 namely, withdraw the army and send it to exposed points in the North. Then what? Why, as we well know fror the public temper in South Carollna, as soon as the army was withdrawn, the local governments would be assaulted and overthrown. Having no prop but the army, when that was taken away down they would come. Then we would have the worst form of turbu lence in the South, and riots in the North and West. The very stability of the government might be endangered by such as this, for we know thot the States adjacent to Louisiana and South Carolina would be actively in sympathy with the attempt to overthrow thie so called lReptblican governments while the troops were away." Is not the President correct? Who can look over the whole ground and say that he is not? How could Chamberlain and Packard be sustained without troops, and what would happen with the troops withdrawn during the last week's riots? The quietude of the Southern section during the late troubles and with all the troops withdrawn, which so many, thought essential to the preservation to peace down there, and which were essential under the Grant dispensation -the uniform reign of peace in the South, I say, under these circumstancs, has had a wonderful effect in strength ening the hands of the President In hi: plan of pacificatien. Men who have opposed him, now say that he is right. They look down South see no troops, yet all is as serene and quiet as a May morning. There is no need that the troops return there, no objection to be sure, but, save a few companies in the mountainous regions to look after illicit distilling, none are required. The truth is--and it is seen and ac knowledged here-the Southern people have made two powerful arguments for themselves in the past six months. All through the presidential complications the Southern representatives, baoked by their constituents, were cool-headed, strong-handed, and by their conserva tism saved the country the agony of dviil war, which many In either sec tion were ready to precipitate, in order to gain their "rights" to the offices. Again, in the labor crisis last week, with all the troops moving out of the South, that section was as quiet as it all had remained and double the number sent in. The effect of this will be to raise the Southern character in the es timation of other sections, and take away some of the fear of a solid South. If, under trying circumstances, when the rest of the country was greatly dis turbed, as in the presidential complica tions and late riots, the South was the coolest and quietest section of the land, what is there to be afraid of In that sec tion ? 'rit, /CZAR IN CACMP. Now the Turkish IPrI.oner EnJeoy Thbe y *elves. [ London News.] On the lawn is the marquee which constitutes the sal.e-a-manjer of the Emperor. Occasionally the suites oat at tables setouon the lawn in the open air, in the full view of the wayfarers on the adjascent road, and in the enjoyment of eddies of its fetlock-deep dust. Some times the Emperor eats at one, but for the most part he dines with his suite. A very interesting episode occurred the other day. In the middle of dinner were heard the strains of the "Dead March" in "Saul," for both the hospi tal and the church-yard, where the wounded who die are buried, are nigh at hand. The Emperor inquired if that was not the funeral passing of the. young artillery officer who was drown ed by the foundering of his pontoon. during the crossing, and whose body was recovered four days later some dis. tance down the river. Being told that it was so, he at once rose, and, with the Grand Duke and all his suite, walked to the quaint little church where the funeral service was being performed. He remained during the whole of its performance, lasting for an hour, and then went into the porch, where the grave had been made, and stood by the head of the coffin while it was being lowered into the earth. On the following day all ;the Turkish prisoners were brought from the guard room on to the lawn just as dinner was finished. A guard of Russian infantry were formed in a circle around them, with fixed bayonets and cartridge pouches opened. The poor devils no doubt thought that they had been brought ont to be shot, and that their last hour had come. The Emperor, with his dragoman, went among them, talking familiarly to them and asking questions. The nizams answered him with straightforward frankness which might indeed be called bluffness. They told him that they had not received a penny of pay for the last six-and-twenty months. In answer to his question whether they were satisfied with the food they were now getting, they re plied that they had never lived so well in their lives; and one fellow-he must have been a sneak and a sycophant added that he washeartily glad that he had been taken prisoner, for he was tired of hard living and no pay. The officers of the suite went among the prisoners distributing cigarettes, which the prisoners with the most perfect ease of manner lighted at those between the lips of the officers, and it was quite a happy family. -sf- ý ~ - In Russia, when there is to be a con cert, the auditors carry their own. benches and lights to the hall.