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THE NEW ORLEANS DAILY DE CRAT.
OFFICIAL JOURNAL OF THE STATE OF LOUISIANA AND OF THE CITY OF NEW ORLEANS. VOL. II---NO. 230. NEW ORLEANS, WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 8, 1877. PRICE, FIVE CENTS. WAt NOTES. Tie Mobitrtratlon of the Austrian Army. ISpecial to the Demoerat.l LtONPx-. Aug. 7.-The report that Austria has concluded tinancial arrangenlents neces sary for the partial nobilization of its army is cottllrmed by a Vienna correspondent. The total anmiunt borrowed is 26.400.0X00 florins. Sirknoess n the Ruaslan Army. ISpecial to the Democrat.l IONIsON. Aug. 7.--lBuchaeluttt advices report much sickness in the Russian army in the l)brun.seha. Troops for Cuba. lSpectal to the DPen.ic'rat.' LONix)ON, Aug. 7.-One thoutsanul ment, the first installment for ('nuba. will lhav, Spain on (n the 15th instant. A Fight in the Dalnube. [Special to the Democrat.] LONI..s , Aug. 7.--A dispatch from Con stantinople says that in the naval engage ment at the Sulina mouth of the Danube the Turkish iron-elals attacked seven Rius'ida gunboats andl destroyed two of them. The Engllish Vlctualing Yard. [tcveelal to the Democrat.' Lo.xoN, Aug. 7.--There is great activity at the victualing yard in Deptfordl. in replen ishing the stores which have been lately heavily drawn upon to provision the garri sons at Gibraltar and Malta. in each of which there is now food sufficient for the mainte nance of a large army for twelve months. A Meeting of the Emaperors of Germany anu Austria. l[Secial to the Democrat] NEW YORK, Aug. 7.--A Berlin dispatch says that an Important conference was held near Islon on Wednesday between the emperors of Austria and Germany, at which the latter urged strict neutrality on the part of both Austria and Germany. A Meareity of Provisl ins In the Roumanian Camp. [Special to the Democrat.l BUCHAREST. Aug. 7.--In consequence of the difficulty Ih procuring wagons to transport the supplies beyond the depots along the Roumanian side of the river, there is a scarcity of provisions among the troops be tween Sistova and Tirnova. A Pllmculty Encountered in Organi ring the RUssian Landwehr. [Special to the Demoerat.1 LosNos, Aug. 7.-A dispatch from Vienna asserts that the formation of the Russian Landwehr has been found to be difficult, owing to want of organization. A Rumored Turkish Victory. LONDON. Aug. 7.-The Daily T.'eleraph's VI enna dispatch says: A telegram received from Bucharest announces that Mehemet Ali and Osman Pasha have jointly defeated the Rus sians at Tirnova, with a loss of 15,000 killed and wounded. The Czar has gone back to Frateshli. This is probably a canard. Situation of the Two Armles. SIsToVA Aug. 7.-The Turks are showing no disposition to follow from Plevna. The Russian orders to retire on the river Osma have been countermanded. The Rus sians have taken the positions held before the battle of Plevna. Prince Sohackowsky's headquarters are at Poredin, and (en. Krudener's at Tirstinik. They have intrenched their frout, and are able to thwart any attempt of Osman Pasha to ad vance. Russian Reinforcements. LosDoN, Aug. 7.-The Reuter Erzeroum telegram of August 6 announces that Russian reinforcements, numbering 15.000u men.crosed the frontier and occupied a strong position to the north of the Ottoman arnmy. The Russian centre is divided into three columns, at Ani. (elveran and Kurukdar res actively. It numbers in all 68 battalions of infantry. 16 batterIes and 85010 cavalry. Minor Notes. Ismael Pasha is about one hltur's mar,-h west of Bayazid. Gen. Tergukassof is on the frontier at Kar adoular with eighteen battalions of infantry, seven batteries and seven regiments of car alry. Admiral Hornby, commanding the English fleet at Besika bay, has visited the fortifica tions at Gallipoli. The Times' Shumla special confirms the re port that the Russians have evacuatedl Ka zeniek. which has been occupied by Suleiman lPasha. The Porte has determined not to retain fnore than 10.000 men in Thessalia and Epi rus. A considerable force has been sent thence already to Adrianople. The Times Xelgrade dispatch says orders have been issued for the mobilization of the first class militia within eight days. A camp of 70,000 men is being formed near Constanftinople. A corps of observation has been sent to the mouth of the Bosphorus in consequence of the Russian steamer Constan tine cruising thereabouts. An occasional correspondent of the Tinmes at Vienna says: A telegram fnm Belgrade an lounces that Prince Milan. when at Plainsti. receIved permission fromn the Czar to par ticipate in the campaign. DOMESTIC NEWS. An Old Forger. Spoecial t- the Demorat.] NASHVILLE. Aug 7.-A special from Cowan states that John W. S. Rolbrtson, alias Capt. G. Robertson, charged with forgeries in Iowa to the amount of a hundred thousand dollars. committed six years ago, was. last night. placed in the custody of E. H. Wo`.,l. t, be taken to DeWitt, Iowa. 'Te Citizens' Fire Insurance Company of Newark. [SDecial to the Demcr.:t., NEw ORKs, August 7.-The statement of the Citizens" Fire Insurance Company of Newark. whose collapse was announced yes terday. shows a deficit of $61,(O1l. The New York Greenback Party. [Special to the Democrat.] ALBANY. N. Y.. Aug. 7.-Sam ' G. Rice, chairman of the State Central Committee of the Greenback party, has issued a circular inviting the friends of that party to meet at Rochester, Aut ust 23. Forest Fires in Wisconsin. [Special to the Democrat. CmICAco, Aug. 7.-Advices from Green Bay, Wisconsin, report that the village of Eaton, Browne, county, Wis., about fifteen miles east of Green Bay. was totally destroy(e by fire. The forests have been burning for live weeks, the fire extending in every direction for many miles, destroying large quantities I of timber and other property. Some twenty-five families were burnlie out in Eaton. losing everything they possessed. One family is reported to have perishle in the [lames. and four other entire families are missing. Great ullfering exists among tie Ihomlleless people. _ The Indlan War. (Spl real to the Democrat.] tHELRN, Montana, Aug. 7 .-Adviees to the I ;th say that Gen. Gibbon. with two hundred I regular infantry in wagons, left Missoula Post in pursuit of the hostiles at 1 p. mn. Saturday. The holstiles were at Doolittle RIanch on Fri day night. seventy-live miles from Missoula, and within ten miles of the trail to Ross Hole. Charles declined to send his warriors to Gen. Gibbon, but declares that he will light the Nez Peries on his own account. A con siderable number of Missoula county volun teers have proposer to advance with. but in dependent of, the regulars. A Prectsion Dispersed ian Shenandonh. [Speinal to the Dewmoeret.l SnrsALNDOxAH, Pa., Aug. 7.-A number of men paraded the streets here last night, but were dispersed by the authorities and forty seven arrested. Maratala Races. [Speclal to the Democrat.] SAR1ATOGA, Aug. 7.-The first race, dash of a mile, for all ages, was won by Lady Salyers; Wash Booth, second ; ('hiquita. the favorite. last. Time 1:4l1. The second race, handicap for all ages, two miles, was won by the favorite. Tom Ochil tree, in 3:42'. In the third race, handicap. for all ages, a mile and one-quarter. Clenmmie G. Bertram and Mary all came in lapping, but the judges platisi themo in the order named. ' Time, 2:141 . The dash of three-quarters of a mile, for all ages, was worn by Auburn. Tinme. 1:1514. The St. Louis Whisky unlts. (Special to the Democrat.] ST. Lor.s, Aug. 7.-- The case of the govern ment against Win. McKee is set for tile third Monday in September. Similar suits, it is undenot.oot, will be brought against other parties. The Protection Life Insurance C('opany of Chicago. [nDecial to the Democrat.] CHICAoo, Aug. 7.-On the petition of tihe auditor of public accounts Judge Williams to day issued an injunction restraining the Pro tection Life Insurance Company from contin uing business and appointed Edward D. Cook receiver, with bonds of $200,000. Our Imuports and Exports. [Special to the Democrat.] WASHINGTON, Aug. 7.-Returns fromn all the customs districts give the total exports. specie value, for the fiscal year ending June 30, $602,474,581, and the total imports $341. 307,549. An excess of exports over imports of $61,167,032. Another Insolvent Insurance Company. [Special to the Democrat.] ST. Loris, Aug. 7.--The Columbia Life In surance Company of this city has bten de clared insolvent, and L. E. Alexander ap pointed receiver. Mexican Affair. [Special to the Democrat.? SAN FRANCIsco, Aug. 7.-A San Diego dis patch says that letters from the City of Mexico report that Gens. Vallejo and Frisbie have created general distrust there, and it is predicted their mission will be a failure, as they were foolish enough to talk of annexa tion and no recognition of Diaz. R. B. Hopkins. of San Francisco. who has just arrived from Sonora, says that there is bad feeling among the people, and it : ex pecteit that Gen. Huerto. who was sent to Somora by Diaz, will declare the late elections void. Although the people are satislied with Ma rischal, it is thought Diaz and Huerto favor Besque Requcira. A Shooting Affray. CINCINNATI. Aug. 6.-A special from Gray son, Ky., reports a shooting affair at Hope well, Greenup county,. this evening, between David Floyd and his two sons. and Dick Floyd, an old man aged eighty years, on one side, and Joseph A. Martin and two sons on the other. David Floyd was shot through the bowels, and Dick Floyd shot in the fore head. The Floyd boys were both shot, one, it is thought, fatally, but the extent of the other's injuries is not known. The affair originated in a dispute between the parties in June last. MONEY AND STOCKS. [Special to the Democrat.l NEW YORK Aug. 7.-Gold 105% : U. S. 6's of 1881, 107'4(107/%; do coupons 112.4; new 49's, 1083,; do coupons 108%; 5-20's, 1.W5., new issue. 107; do 1867, 109@100l:; 189 coupons, 111%; 10-40's, 1095'; do coupons, 1136t1131; currency 6"e, 124,; new 5's, 108. LONDON, Aug. 7.-Consols for money 95@ 9,; U. S. new 4's 106~; 5-20's, 1867, 106 Q; 1C-l1)s 11014; new 5's 107A; Erie 9. DOMESTIC MARKETS. [Special to the Democrat.l CINCINNATI. Aug. 7.-Flour steady. Wheat in fair demand; amber and white $1 20@1 35. Corn and oats unchanged. Whisky steady at $1 08. Pork and lard nominally unchanged. Bulk meats held at 5'-2@7¼. Bacon steady at 6;.83%. CHIcAoO, Aug. 7.-Wheat steady. $1 09,4 for August; $1 093 for September. Corn stead' 46% for August; 4.5. for September. Pork quiet, $13 :32¼ for September. Lard quiet at 8.75S3@8. i for September. ST. Locis, Aug. 7.-Flour dull and lower: double extra $5 7546. Wheat better; No. 2 red $1 34 cash; No. 3 do. $1 21@1 2114 cash; $1 13'4@1 137, September. Corn lower; 41, (42 cash; 42144214 August; 4343~a ' Sep tember. Oats low 27427i4. Whisky steady, $1 08. Pork easier; $13 4.34@13 50. Dry salt meats--no sales. Ba- con easier, 5 -38n-. Lard unchanged. FOREIGN MARKETS. LrvERPoo.Aug. 7.-Noon.-Cotton dull and easier. Middling Uplands 615d; Middling Orleans 61,d. Sales 7(j0 bales; for specula tion and export 1000. Receipts 1303, of which 353 were American. THE COUNiKY PRESS. Wanes rw. shares. [Linolin Fentinel.] Wages is the true policy. Working on shares superinduces an assumption of authority on the part of the hands which is highly detrimental to the in terest of all concerned in the crop. Hands working for a part of the crop seldom expect to realize anything more than what they can eat and wear, and all manner of persuasion and "fussing" cannot induce the same amount of energetic labor as the payment of wages. If our farmers will intelligently con sider this matter until the opening of another year, and then unanimously adopt the system of wages, the first and greatest step will be taken to make this country what it should be. The Republican Party In Loutalana. [Baton Rouge Grand Era, Rep ] If it is impossible to carry a purely Republican ticket hereafter in the States of South Carolina, Mississippi and Louisiana, might there not be an alli ance with the Conservative native whites who, tiring of the dictation and tyranny of the Bourbon element, might seek emancipation therefrom by unit ing with the Republicans ? We believe that the Conservative native white will soon see the advantage of protecting the black voter in all of his civil and political rights, and then, after satisfy ing him that he is honest in his inten tion, ask his co-operation. For such reasons as these, and many others, Southern Republicans should not be too hasty in abandoning their party or ganizations. At least, not just yet. A ConNtltutlenal Conventlon. [Attakapu Register.] The police jury of Tensas parish for mally resolved to memorialize the Leg islature to provide for the calling of a State convention to revise the constitu tion. The press appears to receive the suggestion with favor, and the move ment may be said to be under full head way. The objections to the present constitution are stated in general and unspecific terms, and originate chiefly in the desire to do away with the last vestige of reconstruction in Louisiana. Of course the movement will be at tended with new agitations and con flicts, detrimental to the general wel fare, but the spread eagle orators de mand a change, and we suopose it will be eventually conceded. The treasury might be allowed to rest or recuperate after great depletions by Legislatures, but here comes a ground swell for a full fledged convention that will probably outdo a score of them. But the tax payers may enjoy as much glory as they choose to vote and pay for. WHU et LU VUw alu pity a JV. Poll Tax. [Pointe Coupee Pelican.] The State of Virginia has amended her constitution so as to insure the col lection of the poll tax. No one is per mitted to vote until he presents to the inspectors of election the receipt of the tax collector that he has paid his poll tax. This tax, in addition to others, is paid over to the free school fund, and thus the cause of education is muni ficently provided for. Among other de sirable amendments to the constitution of the State, we hope to see the example set by Virginia followed in relation to the poll tax. As the law is now admin istered, a few white men pay the tax, and we doubt even if much of what is collected is ever paid into the State treasury. One thing is certain, that the school tax is not sufficient to give uni versal free education to all the children of Louisiana. Additional funds must be raised, and we know of none that will be lighter on taxpayers than the forcible collection of the poll tax. Re quire every voter to pay this tax before he can exercise the right of suffrage, and in this parish alone an additional sum of $3000 will be collected for the school fund, and which amount will keeo up half' a dozen first-class schools. Let our legislators look to this. Mlixed rchools. [Natchitochee Vmodicator.] We are glad to note that the public schools of New Orleans have been re modeled and that the white and colored children have been separated. The Democratic party of this State is a strong free school party, anxious and willing to afford ample facilities for the education of the youth of all classes, creeds and colors--but they insist that in order to render these schools efficient, the colored and whites shall occupy dif ferent school-houses; but the same facilities, both as to character, qualiflca tion and fitness of preceptors shall be afforded each. The taxes are paid, as a bulk, by the whites-their money pays the schooling and they will require that the schools shall be conducted as they deem best. It is useless to talk of social equality colored people don't demand that themselves, and all the noise about it is confined to a few such pig-beaded asses as Antoine and his class. We earnestly entreat the colored people to have nothing tc do with those violent bitter negro leaders, for harm will result from their leadership in future as it has in the past. We fully understand that to make good citizens of the negro he must be educated and we are therefore anxious, as he is to remain with us as a factor, that he should be a good citizen. We hope this last exhibition of color equality will not be repeated, for it only narms the cause of public education, and through that the negro race. Bayou Plaquemine Again. [Iberville South ] The Vermilion Banner is advocating the opening of Bayou Plaquemine, and claims that it would be a great advan tage to the interior parishes by giving them a nearer route to New Orleans than the one traveled through the At chafalaya and by way of Old River. Previous to the war a large amount of money was spent on the mouth of Bayou Plaquemine by the State, in its efforts to construct works that would prevent drift from entering its mouth. These works have been all washed away or caved into the river. The State had two steamboats and some seventy-five hands constantly em ployed in cleaning out Bayou Plaque mine, Grand River, Bayou Sorrel and other streams, in order to keep naviga tion open. A large amount of money was spent annually on this stream, and inferior and sometimes very dangerous navigation of the Bayou Plaquemine was secured, but the same work had to !be done every year. The State found t out that her Board of Public Works s was an expensive luxury and it was c abolished. The consequence was that Ii the works at the mouth of Bayou t Plaquemino rotted and washed away, and the *water and drift wood al lowed a free entrance. Bayou Sorrel was soon rafted up, and . so was Bayou Plaquemine for a consid erable distance, thus closing navigation entirely. In this emergency the people of Iberville, through their police jury, resolved, as soon as the bayou was dry, t to construct a dyke across it. This was v done in 1865. After the dyke was built the Bayou Plaquemine Navigation Com pany was formed, and that company spent several thousand dollars in clean- c uing Bayou Sorrel and opening naviga- a tion from the interior country to Plaque- a mine. Such in brief is a slight history d of the Bayou Plaquemine, leaving out r the many efforts made to induce the t Legislature to close the bayou, and the a large sums of money spent in different r ways on this bete .wir of the Attakapas people. d In the first place, if Bayou Plaque- c mine was opened, a work would have to t be constructed that would prevent drift I wood, rafts, flatboats, etc., from enter- c Ing its mouth. For if opened and left t as it is, it would not be many weeks I after the next high water before the a bayou would be so effectually and final ly filled up front one end to the other a with drift wood, etc., that no attempt a would ever be made to open it again. If it should be opened and kept open, f it would not be many years before the a Mississippi would have a short out to d the Gulf, and New Orleans would then o become an inland town. Hundreds of a thousands of dollars would have to be c spent before navigation through Bayou I Plaquemine could be secured. e We advise the editor of the Banner to drop the idea of opening the bayou and t use his talents in aiding us to have it I canaled up to the town of Plaquemine, a thus securing navigation all the year round. It would cost but a mite, and c untold benefits would be the result. Ten thousand dollars would do the I work, and the company is already in t existence and possessed of franchises granted them by the Legislature which I would make the canal a paying institu tion instead of a waste of money, as 1 would be the case in the opening of the I bayou. Improvements io our Constitution. [Mforehouse Clarion.j In the new era of the people's rule, the duty of holding a convention to frame a new constitution for the State forcibly presents itself. We owe it to £ ourselves for certain reasons, dictated by policy and urged by a sentiment of honor and a (feeling of self-respect-we t owe it to posterity for the same rea- i sons-to abolish our present constitu tion and establish a new one. Among the most important changes, which strike us as politic and necessary, we recognize a rearrangement ot our judiciary system. Our present one is entirely too expensive. W'e have too many districts in this State. There are now eighteen, and we can safely dis pense with five of them. The expenses of the old Twelfth District, composed of the parishes of Ouaohita, Morehouse, Caldwell, Catahoula, Franklin and the largest part of what is now Richland, compared with the cost and expenses of the courts of these parishes since re districted, affords a striking example. The one district judge who presided in the Twelfth district, with a jurisdiction I embracing that of the present parish judges and two district judges, received a salary of $3000. The salary of one dis trict attorney was $600. Total expenses I $3600. These parishes now comprise I two districts. Two district judges re- I ceive $10,000; two district attorneys re- 4 ceive $1000; six parish judges receive about $9000; total $23,000-a difference 4 of about $20,000-and yet litigation has not been so great of late years as it was anterior to the war. We do not advocate by way of reduc tion here the abolition of the parish courts, but the apportionment of fewer districts by the Legislature. A new con stitution should, however, provide for a supreme court, and such inferior courts as the Legislature may establish. The present judiciary of tbis State is partly elective, partly appointed. It should be made one or the other by the new constitution. There is worse than no reason for the inconsistency of the pres ent mode of selecting our judges. The articles of the present constitu tion fixing the jurisdiction of the courts are obscure and need revising. A cer tain class of cases come within the juris diction of no court. For instance: Article 85 declares that the District Court has original jurisdiction where the amount in dispute exceeds $500, ex clusive of interest. Article 87 declares exclusive original jurisdiction of the Parish Court, in all cases where the amount in dispute is between $100 and $500. Now where a suit was for $450, with interest, amounting to over $500, where would the jurisdiction lie? The Supreme Court has virtually decided that no court has it. Verbum sat. We ,confidently advocate a biennial term of the Legislature. With the ma chinery of our State government in good working order and quiet times. one ses sion of the Legislature every two years might do us but little injury, and this change alone would save us $150,000 a year. We believe, besides, in the contraction of representation; there is no necessity of a "Council of Five Hundred" to make our laws. There are few conflicting interests in Louisiana, and each parish might be safely apportioned but one representative. There are many other changes to our present constitution that might suggest themselves upon reflection. There is one which suggests itself upon a mere reading of the document. Yes, we should frame a new constitution. It behooves us, in defense of the honor of our people and to secure the respect of posterity, to wipe out forever from the record of our fundamental law the stig ma of rebels and traitors there cast upon us. Who of us can riad our pres ent constitution without blushing at the foul aspersions of our people that it contains. This constitution not only shows us up to the world and will hold us up to posterity as rebels and traitors but, by heavens ! actually bears record that we, in abject submission and degra dation, declared ourselves as such. What an infamy and what a lie! We regret the past, and we have the most loyal hopes for the future. T2 be true to the republic we must be true to our. selves. Then we should frame a new constitution, free of all that is obnox ious in the present one, a constitution that we can respect as our own. THIE CONTERT IN FRANCE. The Support to be Given the MacMahon Candidates In the Coming Election. [London Times.] PARIS, Tuesday, July 17.--M. de Four tou's circular to the Prefects yesterday was a confidential one, and will not be published, but the Francais, the Duc de Broglie's organ, says of it: "It is couched in very clear and pre cise terms, and forbids the Prefects to support, on behalf of the government, any candidates but those resolved to defend Marshal MacMahon's policy, postponing their own hopes. None of them will be allowed to unfurl the flag of one of the parties which aspire to power in 1880. The time has not come for such demonstrations. The safety of the country demands that those offering themselves to the electors with the sup port of the government shall have no other anxiety than that of maintaining the conservative union, which is indis pensable for struggling successfully against the Radical union." M. de Cassagnac, in the Pays, profes ses to approve the circular, but adds a significant reservation: "We do not mean, however, that the flag should be altogether kept out of sight. In many elections this would be dangerous and would be the surest way of failure. Wherever It will be pos sible to be only a MaoMahonite, with out danger for the candidacy, it is proper to be only a MacMahonite. If elsewhere it is necessary to assume a more marked color in order to set going the electoral current, this must be done, but always exhibiting the greatest re serve." in other words, a Bonapartist candi date should hoist his true colors where ever he can do it without prejudicing his chances, but where this would run the risk of losing Monarchist votes, he should declare himself a MacMahon ite. Mr. Tristan Lambert, whose ad dress has called forth the Ministerial reprimand, will doubtless say that he has acted upon this very rule; that his supporters at Fontainbleau want the empire in order to restore life to the town. and that they care nothing for the Marshal. He has, at any rate, been candid, and the Legitimist (Gazette de Paris acknowledges that if he likes the empire, it is more honorable for him to say so than disguise it. The Gazette scouts the notion that the Bonapartists care for anything but the restoration of the empire, and it bitterly attacks M. Rouher. "Vice Emperor he has been, Vice Em peror he means to remain. * * He is making the empire. It matters noth ing to him that it ii on the ruins of France and on the ruins of the Conser vative cause." It proceeds to catalogue all the griev ances of the Ultramontanes against "the Rouher Empire" from the unity of Italy and Germany to the election of Republican life Senator~, .... . .4--- A PLAGUE OF RATS. The St. Louis Journal says that "when Samuel Davis introduced a bill into the Legislature last winter providing for the destruction of rats, the press of the State was inclined to indulge in a great deal of badinage at Sam's. expense. If all reports be true, however, the peo ple, and especially the farmers of cen tral Missouri, have this summer begun to realize the benefits of Sam Davis' effort in their behalf. The counties of Saline, Cooper and Pettis are literally overrun by rats, and the crops are re ceiving incalculable damage thereby; in many localities whole fields of corn have been uprooted and destroyed by rats, necessitating replanting or abandon ment for the season. The rats burrow in the ground close to the fences, in the hedges and ravines, breed large litters three times a year, and devour every thing they come upon. They are the old-fashioned wharf rats, such as abound in every city. It is feared that they will ultimately become a greater scourge than the grasshoppers have been, although there is now a whole. sale movement against them in the counties named. One farmer in Saline county has within thepast three months killed over 1000 of the pests, for the scalps of which he received $60, in ac cordance with the provisions of Sam Davis' bill." A WORD OF PRAISE FROM MORTON'S PAPER. [Indianapolis JournaL] The course of the Southern people during the exciting events of the last ten days has been altogether praise worthy. Not only has there been no disturbance or outbreak in any part of the extreme South, but some of the Southern States have made offers of volunteers to the President if they were needed to quell disturbances and en force the law in the Northern States. The Southern papers, too, have gen erally spoken firmly on the side of law and order, and, so far as we know, there has not appeared the slightest symptom of disloyalty to the government. This is an encouraging sign. It shows that the Southern people are becoming im bued with a national feeling, and that loyalty for the General Government is taking healthy root there. A Railway Blockaded by Tramps. [Chicago Times. MARSHALLTOWN, Iowa, August 3.-A large number of tramps have taken possession of a train on the Central railroad, at Ackley, and have torn up the track. The citizens, either from fright or sympathy with them, do nothing to dislodge them. A military company from this city has been or dered there to recover the train. All the towns along the line south have been furnishing transportation for the tramps and seeding them north, until the country is literally flooded with them. Two hundred were sent from this city yesterday. About sixty under took to take possession of a train here, and it took the entire railroad force from the machine shops, with the track and train men, to dislodge them. They claim to be in a starving condition, and that it is bread or death with them. (CUSTOM-IIOUSE NOTES. ANOTHER HEAD CHOPPED OFF --AP PRAISER RINGGOLD NI'lPENDED. The ('eunmlsieon Recommends and the Treasury Department Arts. The suspension of Appraiser Rioggold by the Treasury Department, made, it is presumed, upon the report of the Custom-House Commis sion, created considerable comment in Custom House circles on Tuesday morning, the average "in" wondering WHO WOULD COME. NEXT. The Commission, it seems, reported in favor of the consolidation of the two appraisers'ollces, and the Treasury Department merely suspended Mr. Ringgold until Congress meets, when it may be that the Secretary of the Treasury will Iecom mend the abolition of the oedice, which can b 3 done only by an actof Congress, as section 2569, Rlevised Statutes of the United Btates, provides that there shall be at this port two appraisers and one as sistant appraiser. That seotion being oxp.liit, the department could not abolish either ,tlie, although it could and has virtually c.oooidhted them. # Quite an eager crowd wore on the outside awaiting the ARRIVAL OF TOM ANDERSON, who was hourly expected and who will be button. holed by scores of friends (?) the moment he makes his appearance. Surveyor Wells was the least bit anxious to see him also, and will have a private chat with him during the day, should he an ite. TIHE PEOPLE'S BANK. We confess to an unpardonable omission in failing to notice specially the occupation by the People's Bank of their new bank building, sit uated at the corner of Old Levee and Custom house streets, ard just completed under the su perintendence of Surveyor D'Hemcoourt, the de signer, and Mr. Turpin, a young and promising architect. The structure is a type of elegance and sim plicity on the exterior, while the interior Is hand somely decorated in fresco and richly uphol. stered and furnished. The frescoing is the work of Mr. Dressel, until recently the seento artist of the Varieties Theatre, and this, we believe, is the first work of the kind from his pencil that he has been able to exhibit to the public. It has the quality of being definite and correct in outline and rich, yet not gaudy, in color, and manifests great taste in conce ption and neatness in execu tion. In securing the iron vanres, formerly belong ing to the late Bank of America, the People's Bank are now the possessors of one of the finest and completest fire proof and burglar proof safes in the country, the main lock of the vault being susceptible of nearly two thousand combinations. One of the advantages 6f thb interior is its roominess and its adaptability to extension in case of increase of business, which must be the consequence of the removal of the bank to its new quarters, in the midst of sil the great im porting houses of our commercial community. In complimenting the directors and stockhold ere of the People's Bank upon the installation of their icstitution in its ornamental edifice, we take the ocasaion to wish them all the popularity and prosperity which they deserve. and prosperity which they deservee. ` . THE WEATHIER E.TERDAY. The following is the "temperature" at the varlous points named, as reported by the Signal Service telegrams furnished by Ser geant Brown, of the Signal Bureau, and indi cating the state of the temperature at the points named, at 3 p. m. yesterday: Cairo 85 degrees, Cincinnati 86, Galveston 91, Keokuk 83, LaCrosse 84, Leavenworth 83, Louisville 88, Memphis 85, Nashville 88, Omaha 85 Pittsburg 88, Shreveport 90 St. Louis 87, St. Paul 83, Vicksburg 94, Yankton (D. T.) 87, Augusta (Ga) 82, Coreicana (Tex.) 93, Mobile 83, Montgomer" 95, Savannah 91, New Orleans 85, and Key West 89. The following were the variations of tem perature, according to the thermometer (Fahrenheit) at Duhamel's store on Canal street yesterday: 6 a. m., 81; 12 noon, 86;; 3 p, rm., 8; 6 p. m., 83. -----a ON - Memorandum. U. 8. Esorwuan's OFFICE, New Orleans, Aug. 7, 1877. During the month of July, 1877, the depth of channel at Southwest Pase at mean loe tide ranged from 16 to 16' fIet, with a least witl!h for those depths rangng from 40 to 100 feor. High tide ranged above mean low tide from 13 to 3 feet, making the depth of channel at higu tide range from 17% to 1 eet. There was but one day during which the channel was less than 18 feet in depth at high tide. The following number of vessels crossed the bar during the month: Steamers in 9, steamers oun 6; sailing vessels in 5, sailing vessels out 17; total 87. Of this number 1 drew 20 feet 5 inches; 1, 20 feet 2 inches; 1, 20 feet; I, 19 feet 10 inches; 1, 19 feet; 2, 18 feet 6 inches. Following is a list of vessels detained at the bar during the month, and remarks concerning same: July 4.-Bark New England, 15 feet, grounded at 1 p. west of channeL Got off daring the July 8.-Steamer Jamaioan, 19 feet, grounded at 6 a. in., on west side of channel. Got off at 5 a. m. July 9. July 10.-Bark Fede Esperanza, 18 feet 6 Inches, grounded at 10 a. m. on east side of channel Got off at 6 a. m. July 11. July 11.-Bark Pontida, 19 feet 10 inches, grounded at 8 a. m. on west side of channel. Got off at 7 a. m. July 12. July 22.-Ship Baden, 20 feet 2 inches, ground ed at 6 a. m. on west side of channel. Got off at 5 a. m. July 23. Palals Royal. Among the many changes t0 take place soon on the grand boulevard none will be more strik ing and more indicative of the good time to come than the swaying to the breeze the banners of the grand "Palais Boyal." Our enterprising friend' Levy, who has for so many years been the popu lar proprietor of the dollar store, No. 137 Canal street, seems to have had his faith shaken in re publican institutions and ideas, and is deter mined, with one fell swoop, to obliterate the name of dollar store forever. He is making prep arations for the opening of this elegant and gor geous establishment, and nothing will be spared in making it the most attractive place in the Southern country. Levy's dollar store is known throughout the whole South, and as it has been known for its promptness in filling orders and the polite attention of the clerks, and the place to get everything, so will the Palais Royal grow into popular favor, for we will see in the large and gilded siges that are to adorn the building evidences of a new era, a prosperity which we have longed for but never expected until the present time. Buy your buggies and carriages from L. T. Maddux, 35 Carondelet street, near corner Gra vier. Sa3 noacc to l..~nlo:.1 is wait ca:a-a.