THE NEW ORLEANS DAILY DE CRAT.
OFFICIAL JOURNAL OF THE STATE OF LOUISIANA AND OF THE CITY OF NEW ORLEANS.
VOL. II---NO. 230. NEW ORLEANS, WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 8, 1877. PRICE, FIVE CENTS.
Tie Mobitrtratlon of the Austrian Army.
ISpecial to the Demoerat.l
LtONPx-. Aug. 7.-The report that Austria
has concluded tinancial arrangenlents neces
sary for the partial nobilization of its army
is cottllrmed by a Vienna correspondent. The
total anmiunt borrowed is 26.400.0X00 florins.
Sirknoess n the Ruaslan Army.
ISpecial to the Democrat.l
IONIsON. Aug. 7.--lBuchaeluttt advices report
much sickness in the Russian army in the
Troops for Cuba.
lSpectal to the DPen.ic'rat.'
LONix)ON, Aug. 7.-One thoutsanul ment, the
first installment for ('nuba. will lhav, Spain on
(n the 15th instant.
A Fight in the Dalnube.
[Special to the Democrat.]
LONI..s , Aug. 7.--A dispatch from Con
stantinople says that in the naval engage
ment at the Sulina mouth of the Danube the
Turkish iron-elals attacked seven Rius'ida
gunboats andl destroyed two of them.
The Engllish Vlctualing Yard.
[tcveelal to the Democrat.'
Lo.xoN, Aug. 7.--There is great activity at
the victualing yard in Deptfordl. in replen
ishing the stores which have been lately
heavily drawn upon to provision the garri
sons at Gibraltar and Malta. in each of which
there is now food sufficient for the mainte
nance of a large army for twelve months.
A Meeting of the Emaperors of Germany
l[Secial to the Democrat]
NEW YORK, Aug. 7.--A Berlin dispatch says
that an Important conference was held near
Islon on Wednesday between the emperors of
Austria and Germany, at which the latter
urged strict neutrality on the part of both
Austria and Germany.
A Meareity of Provisl ins In the Roumanian
[Special to the Democrat.l
BUCHAREST. Aug. 7.--In consequence of the
difficulty Ih procuring wagons to transport
the supplies beyond the depots along the
Roumanian side of the river, there is a
scarcity of provisions among the troops be
tween Sistova and Tirnova.
A Pllmculty Encountered in Organi ring
the RUssian Landwehr.
[Special to the Demoerat.1
LosNos, Aug. 7.-A dispatch from Vienna
asserts that the formation of the Russian
Landwehr has been found to be difficult,
owing to want of organization.
A Rumored Turkish Victory.
LONDON. Aug. 7.-The Daily T.'eleraph's VI
enna dispatch says: A telegram received from
Bucharest announces that Mehemet Ali and
Osman Pasha have jointly defeated the Rus
sians at Tirnova, with a loss of 15,000 killed
The Czar has gone back to Frateshli. This
is probably a canard.
Situation of the Two Armles.
SIsToVA Aug. 7.-The Turks are showing
no disposition to follow from Plevna.
The Russian orders to retire on the river
Osma have been countermanded. The Rus
sians have taken the positions held before the
battle of Plevna.
Prince Sohackowsky's headquarters are at
Poredin, and (en. Krudener's at Tirstinik.
They have intrenched their frout, and are able
to thwart any attempt of Osman Pasha to ad
LosDoN, Aug. 7.-The Reuter Erzeroum
telegram of August 6 announces that Russian
reinforcements, numbering 15.000u men.crosed
the frontier and occupied a strong position to
the north of the Ottoman arnmy. The Russian
centre is divided into three columns, at Ani.
(elveran and Kurukdar res actively.
It numbers in all 68 battalions of infantry.
16 batterIes and 85010 cavalry.
Ismael Pasha is about one hltur's mar,-h
west of Bayazid.
Gen. Tergukassof is on the frontier at Kar
adoular with eighteen battalions of infantry,
seven batteries and seven regiments of car
Admiral Hornby, commanding the English
fleet at Besika bay, has visited the fortifica
tions at Gallipoli.
The Times' Shumla special confirms the re
port that the Russians have evacuatedl Ka
zeniek. which has been occupied by Suleiman
The Porte has determined not to retain
fnore than 10.000 men in Thessalia and Epi
rus. A considerable force has been sent
thence already to Adrianople.
The Times Xelgrade dispatch says orders
have been issued for the mobilization of the
first class militia within eight days.
A camp of 70,000 men is being formed near
Constanftinople. A corps of observation has
been sent to the mouth of the Bosphorus in
consequence of the Russian steamer Constan
tine cruising thereabouts.
An occasional correspondent of the Tinmes at
Vienna says: A telegram fnm Belgrade an
lounces that Prince Milan. when at Plainsti.
receIved permission fromn the Czar to par
ticipate in the campaign.
An Old Forger.
Spoecial t- the Demorat.]
NASHVILLE. Aug 7.-A special from Cowan
states that John W. S. Rolbrtson, alias Capt.
G. Robertson, charged with forgeries in Iowa
to the amount of a hundred thousand dollars.
committed six years ago, was. last night.
placed in the custody of E. H. Wo`.,l. t, be
taken to DeWitt, Iowa.
'Te Citizens' Fire Insurance Company of
[SDecial to the Demcr.:t.,
NEw ORKs, August 7.-The statement of
the Citizens" Fire Insurance Company of
Newark. whose collapse was announced yes
terday. shows a deficit of $61,(O1l.
The New York Greenback Party.
[Special to the Democrat.]
ALBANY. N. Y.. Aug. 7.-Sam ' G. Rice,
chairman of the State Central Committee of
the Greenback party, has issued a circular
inviting the friends of that party to meet at
Rochester, Aut ust 23.
Forest Fires in Wisconsin.
[Special to the Democrat.
CmICAco, Aug. 7.-Advices from Green Bay,
Wisconsin, report that the village of Eaton,
Browne, county, Wis., about fifteen miles
east of Green Bay. was totally destroy(e by
The forests have been burning for live
weeks, the fire extending in every direction
for many miles, destroying large quantities I
of timber and other property.
Some twenty-five families were burnlie out
in Eaton. losing everything they possessed.
One family is reported to have perishle in
the [lames. and four other entire families are
Great ullfering exists among tie Ihomlleless
The Indlan War.
(Spl real to the Democrat.]
tHELRN, Montana, Aug. 7 .-Adviees to the I
;th say that Gen. Gibbon. with two hundred I
regular infantry in wagons, left Missoula Post
in pursuit of the hostiles at 1 p. mn. Saturday.
The holstiles were at Doolittle RIanch on Fri
day night. seventy-live miles from Missoula,
and within ten miles of the trail to Ross
Hole. Charles declined to send his warriors
to Gen. Gibbon, but declares that he will light
the Nez Peries on his own account. A con
siderable number of Missoula county volun
teers have proposer to advance with. but in
dependent of, the regulars.
A Prectsion Dispersed ian Shenandonh.
[Speinal to the Dewmoeret.l
SnrsALNDOxAH, Pa., Aug. 7.-A number of
men paraded the streets here last night, but
were dispersed by the authorities and forty
[Speclal to the Democrat.]
SAR1ATOGA, Aug. 7.-The first race, dash of
a mile, for all ages, was won by Lady Salyers;
Wash Booth, second ; ('hiquita. the favorite.
last. Time 1:4l1.
The second race, handicap for all ages, two
miles, was won by the favorite. Tom Ochil
tree, in 3:42'. In the third race, handicap.
for all ages, a mile and one-quarter. Clenmmie
G. Bertram and Mary all came in lapping,
but the judges platisi themo in the order
named. ' Time, 2:141 .
The dash of three-quarters of a mile, for all
ages, was worn by Auburn. Tinme. 1:1514.
The St. Louis Whisky unlts.
(Special to the Democrat.]
ST. Lor.s, Aug. 7.-- The case of the govern
ment against Win. McKee is set for tile third
Monday in September.
Similar suits, it is undenot.oot, will be
brought against other parties.
The Protection Life Insurance C('opany of
[nDecial to the Democrat.]
CHICAoo, Aug. 7.-On the petition of tihe
auditor of public accounts Judge Williams to
day issued an injunction restraining the Pro
tection Life Insurance Company from contin
uing business and appointed Edward D. Cook
receiver, with bonds of $200,000.
Our Imuports and Exports.
[Special to the Democrat.]
WASHINGTON, Aug. 7.-Returns fromn all
the customs districts give the total exports.
specie value, for the fiscal year ending June
30, $602,474,581, and the total imports $341.
307,549. An excess of exports over imports of
Another Insolvent Insurance Company.
[Special to the Democrat.]
ST. Loris, Aug. 7.--The Columbia Life In
surance Company of this city has bten de
clared insolvent, and L. E. Alexander ap
[Special to the Democrat.?
SAN FRANCIsco, Aug. 7.-A San Diego dis
patch says that letters from the City of
Mexico report that Gens. Vallejo and Frisbie
have created general distrust there, and it is
predicted their mission will be a failure, as
they were foolish enough to talk of annexa
tion and no recognition of Diaz.
R. B. Hopkins. of San Francisco. who has
just arrived from Sonora, says that there is
bad feeling among the people, and it : ex
pecteit that Gen. Huerto. who was sent to
Somora by Diaz, will declare the late elections
Although the people are satislied with Ma
rischal, it is thought Diaz and Huerto favor
A Shooting Affray.
CINCINNATI. Aug. 6.-A special from Gray
son, Ky., reports a shooting affair at Hope
well, Greenup county,. this evening, between
David Floyd and his two sons. and Dick
Floyd, an old man aged eighty years, on one
side, and Joseph A. Martin and two sons on
the other. David Floyd was shot through
the bowels, and Dick Floyd shot in the fore
head. The Floyd boys were both shot, one,
it is thought, fatally, but the extent of the
other's injuries is not known. The affair
originated in a dispute between the parties in
MONEY AND STOCKS.
[Special to the Democrat.l
NEW YORK Aug. 7.-Gold 105% : U. S. 6's
of 1881, 107'4(107/%; do coupons 112.4; new
49's, 1083,; do coupons 108%; 5-20's, 1.W5.,
new issue. 107; do 1867, 109@100l:; 189
coupons, 111%; 10-40's, 1095'; do coupons,
1136t1131; currency 6"e, 124,; new 5's, 108.
LONDON, Aug. 7.-Consols for money 95@
9,; U. S. new 4's 106~; 5-20's, 1867, 106 Q;
1C-l1)s 11014; new 5's 107A; Erie 9.
[Special to the Democrat.l
CINCINNATI. Aug. 7.-Flour steady. Wheat
in fair demand; amber and white $1 20@1 35.
Corn and oats unchanged. Whisky steady at
$1 08. Pork and lard nominally unchanged.
Bulk meats held at 5'-2@7¼. Bacon steady
CHIcAoO, Aug. 7.-Wheat steady. $1 09,4
for August; $1 093 for September. Corn stead'
46% for August; 4.5. for September. Pork
quiet, $13 :32¼ for September. Lard quiet at
8.75S3@8. i for September.
ST. Locis, Aug. 7.-Flour dull and lower:
double extra $5 7546. Wheat better; No. 2
red $1 34 cash; No. 3 do. $1 21@1 2114 cash;
$1 13'4@1 137, September. Corn lower; 41,
(42 cash; 42144214 August; 4343~a ' Sep
tember. Oats low 27427i4. Whisky steady,
$1 08. Pork easier; $13 4.34@13 50. Dry salt
meats--no sales. Ba- con easier, 5 -38n-.
LrvERPoo.Aug. 7.-Noon.-Cotton dull and
easier. Middling Uplands 615d; Middling
Orleans 61,d. Sales 7(j0 bales; for specula
tion and export 1000. Receipts 1303, of which
353 were American.
THE COUNiKY PRESS.
Wanes rw. shares.
Wages is the true policy. Working on
shares superinduces an assumption of
authority on the part of the hands
which is highly detrimental to the in
terest of all concerned in the crop.
Hands working for a part of the crop
seldom expect to realize anything more
than what they can eat and wear, and
all manner of persuasion and "fussing"
cannot induce the same amount of
energetic labor as the payment of wages.
If our farmers will intelligently con
sider this matter until the opening of
another year, and then unanimously
adopt the system of wages, the first and
greatest step will be taken to make this
country what it should be.
The Republican Party In Loutalana.
[Baton Rouge Grand Era, Rep ]
If it is impossible to carry a purely
Republican ticket hereafter in the States
of South Carolina, Mississippi and
Louisiana, might there not be an alli
ance with the Conservative native
whites who, tiring of the dictation and
tyranny of the Bourbon element, might
seek emancipation therefrom by unit
ing with the Republicans ? We believe
that the Conservative native white will
soon see the advantage of protecting
the black voter in all of his civil and
political rights, and then, after satisfy
ing him that he is honest in his inten
tion, ask his co-operation. For such
reasons as these, and many others,
Southern Republicans should not be
too hasty in abandoning their party or
ganizations. At least, not just yet.
A ConNtltutlenal Conventlon.
The police jury of Tensas parish for
mally resolved to memorialize the Leg
islature to provide for the calling of a
State convention to revise the constitu
tion. The press appears to receive the
suggestion with favor, and the move
ment may be said to be under full head
way. The objections to the present
constitution are stated in general and
unspecific terms, and originate chiefly
in the desire to do away with the last
vestige of reconstruction in Louisiana.
Of course the movement will be at
tended with new agitations and con
flicts, detrimental to the general wel
fare, but the spread eagle orators de
mand a change, and we suopose it will
be eventually conceded. The treasury
might be allowed to rest or recuperate
after great depletions by Legislatures,
but here comes a ground swell for a full
fledged convention that will probably
outdo a score of them. But the tax
payers may enjoy as much glory as they
choose to vote and pay for.
WHU et LU VUw alu pity a JV.
[Pointe Coupee Pelican.]
The State of Virginia has amended
her constitution so as to insure the col
lection of the poll tax. No one is per
mitted to vote until he presents to the
inspectors of election the receipt of the
tax collector that he has paid his poll
tax. This tax, in addition to others, is
paid over to the free school fund, and
thus the cause of education is muni
ficently provided for. Among other de
sirable amendments to the constitution
of the State, we hope to see the example
set by Virginia followed in relation to
the poll tax. As the law is now admin
istered, a few white men pay the tax,
and we doubt even if much of what
is collected is ever paid into the State
treasury. One thing is certain, that the
school tax is not sufficient to give uni
versal free education to all the children
of Louisiana. Additional funds must
be raised, and we know of none that
will be lighter on taxpayers than the
forcible collection of the poll tax. Re
quire every voter to pay this tax before
he can exercise the right of suffrage,
and in this parish alone an additional
sum of $3000 will be collected for the
school fund, and which amount will
keeo up half' a dozen first-class schools.
Let our legislators look to this.
We are glad to note that the public
schools of New Orleans have been re
modeled and that the white and colored
children have been separated. The
Democratic party of this State is a
strong free school party, anxious and
willing to afford ample facilities for the
education of the youth of all classes,
creeds and colors--but they insist that
in order to render these schools efficient,
the colored and whites shall occupy dif
ferent school-houses; but the same
facilities, both as to character, qualiflca
tion and fitness of preceptors shall be
The taxes are paid, as a bulk, by the
whites-their money pays the schooling
and they will require that the schools
shall be conducted as they deem best.
It is useless to talk of social equality
colored people don't demand that
themselves, and all the noise about it is
confined to a few such pig-beaded asses
as Antoine and his class. We earnestly
entreat the colored people to have
nothing tc do with those violent bitter
negro leaders, for harm will result from
their leadership in future as it has in
We fully understand that to make
good citizens of the negro he must be
educated and we are therefore anxious,
as he is to remain with us as a factor,
that he should be a good citizen. We
hope this last exhibition of color equality
will not be repeated, for it only narms
the cause of public education, and
through that the negro race.
Bayou Plaquemine Again.
[Iberville South ]
The Vermilion Banner is advocating
the opening of Bayou Plaquemine, and
claims that it would be a great advan
tage to the interior parishes by giving
them a nearer route to New Orleans
than the one traveled through the At
chafalaya and by way of Old River.
Previous to the war a large amount of
money was spent on the mouth of
Bayou Plaquemine by the State, in its
efforts to construct works that would
prevent drift from entering its mouth.
These works have been all washed
away or caved into the river. The
State had two steamboats and some
seventy-five hands constantly em
ployed in cleaning out Bayou Plaque
mine, Grand River, Bayou Sorrel and
other streams, in order to keep naviga
tion open. A large amount of money
was spent annually on this stream, and
inferior and sometimes very dangerous
navigation of the Bayou Plaquemine
was secured, but the same work had to
!be done every year. The State found t
out that her Board of Public Works s
was an expensive luxury and it was c
abolished. The consequence was that Ii
the works at the mouth of Bayou t
Plaquemino rotted and washed away,
and the *water and drift wood al
lowed a free entrance. Bayou
Sorrel was soon rafted up, and .
so was Bayou Plaquemine for a consid
erable distance, thus closing navigation
entirely. In this emergency the people
of Iberville, through their police jury,
resolved, as soon as the bayou was dry, t
to construct a dyke across it. This was v
done in 1865. After the dyke was built
the Bayou Plaquemine Navigation Com
pany was formed, and that company
spent several thousand dollars in clean- c
uing Bayou Sorrel and opening naviga- a
tion from the interior country to Plaque- a
mine. Such in brief is a slight history d
of the Bayou Plaquemine, leaving out r
the many efforts made to induce the t
Legislature to close the bayou, and the a
large sums of money spent in different r
ways on this bete .wir of the Attakapas
In the first place, if Bayou Plaque- c
mine was opened, a work would have to t
be constructed that would prevent drift I
wood, rafts, flatboats, etc., from enter- c
Ing its mouth. For if opened and left t
as it is, it would not be many weeks I
after the next high water before the a
bayou would be so effectually and final
ly filled up front one end to the other a
with drift wood, etc., that no attempt a
would ever be made to open it again.
If it should be opened and kept open, f
it would not be many years before the a
Mississippi would have a short out to d
the Gulf, and New Orleans would then o
become an inland town. Hundreds of a
thousands of dollars would have to be c
spent before navigation through Bayou I
Plaquemine could be secured. e
We advise the editor of the Banner to
drop the idea of opening the bayou and t
use his talents in aiding us to have it I
canaled up to the town of Plaquemine, a
thus securing navigation all the year
round. It would cost but a mite, and c
untold benefits would be the result.
Ten thousand dollars would do the I
work, and the company is already in t
existence and possessed of franchises
granted them by the Legislature which I
would make the canal a paying institu
tion instead of a waste of money, as 1
would be the case in the opening of the I
Improvements io our Constitution.
In the new era of the people's rule,
the duty of holding a convention to
frame a new constitution for the State
forcibly presents itself. We owe it to £
ourselves for certain reasons, dictated
by policy and urged by a sentiment of
honor and a (feeling of self-respect-we t
owe it to posterity for the same rea- i
sons-to abolish our present constitu
tion and establish a new one.
Among the most important changes,
which strike us as politic and necessary,
we recognize a rearrangement ot our
judiciary system. Our present one is
entirely too expensive. W'e have too
many districts in this State. There are
now eighteen, and we can safely dis
pense with five of them. The expenses
of the old Twelfth District, composed
of the parishes of Ouaohita, Morehouse,
Caldwell, Catahoula, Franklin and the
largest part of what is now Richland,
compared with the cost and expenses of
the courts of these parishes since re
districted, affords a striking example.
The one district judge who presided in
the Twelfth district, with a jurisdiction I
embracing that of the present parish
judges and two district judges, received
a salary of $3000. The salary of one dis
trict attorney was $600. Total expenses I
$3600. These parishes now comprise I
two districts. Two district judges re- I
ceive $10,000; two district attorneys re- 4
ceive $1000; six parish judges receive
about $9000; total $23,000-a difference 4
of about $20,000-and yet litigation has
not been so great of late years as it was
anterior to the war.
We do not advocate by way of reduc
tion here the abolition of the parish
courts, but the apportionment of fewer
districts by the Legislature. A new con
stitution should, however, provide for a
supreme court, and such inferior courts
as the Legislature may establish. The
present judiciary of tbis State is partly
elective, partly appointed. It should
be made one or the other by the new
constitution. There is worse than no
reason for the inconsistency of the pres
ent mode of selecting our judges.
The articles of the present constitu
tion fixing the jurisdiction of the courts
are obscure and need revising. A cer
tain class of cases come within the juris
diction of no court. For instance:
Article 85 declares that the District
Court has original jurisdiction where
the amount in dispute exceeds $500, ex
clusive of interest. Article 87 declares
exclusive original jurisdiction of the
Parish Court, in all cases where the
amount in dispute is between $100 and
$500. Now where a suit was for $450,
with interest, amounting to over $500,
where would the jurisdiction lie? The
Supreme Court has virtually decided
that no court has it. Verbum sat.
We ,confidently advocate a biennial
term of the Legislature. With the ma
chinery of our State government in good
working order and quiet times. one ses
sion of the Legislature every two years
might do us but little injury, and this
change alone would save us $150,000 a
We believe, besides, in the contraction
of representation; there is no necessity
of a "Council of Five Hundred" to make
our laws. There are few conflicting
interests in Louisiana, and each parish
might be safely apportioned but one
There are many other changes to our
present constitution that might suggest
themselves upon reflection. There is
one which suggests itself upon a mere
reading of the document. Yes, we
should frame a new constitution. It
behooves us, in defense of the honor of
our people and to secure the respect of
posterity, to wipe out forever from the
record of our fundamental law the stig
ma of rebels and traitors there cast
upon us. Who of us can riad our pres
ent constitution without blushing at the
foul aspersions of our people that it
contains. This constitution not only
shows us up to the world and will hold
us up to posterity as rebels and traitors
but, by heavens ! actually bears record
that we, in abject submission and degra
dation, declared ourselves as such.
What an infamy and what a lie! We
regret the past, and we have the most
loyal hopes for the future. T2 be true
to the republic we must be true to our.
selves. Then we should frame a new
constitution, free of all that is obnox
ious in the present one, a constitution
that we can respect as our own.
THIE CONTERT IN FRANCE.
The Support to be Given the MacMahon
Candidates In the Coming Election.
PARIS, Tuesday, July 17.--M. de Four
tou's circular to the Prefects yesterday
was a confidential one, and will not be
published, but the Francais, the Duc
de Broglie's organ, says of it:
"It is couched in very clear and pre
cise terms, and forbids the Prefects to
support, on behalf of the government,
any candidates but those resolved to
defend Marshal MacMahon's policy,
postponing their own hopes. None of
them will be allowed to unfurl the flag
of one of the parties which aspire to
power in 1880.
The time has not come for such
demonstrations. The safety of the
country demands that those offering
themselves to the electors with the sup
port of the government shall have no
other anxiety than that of maintaining
the conservative union, which is indis
pensable for struggling successfully
against the Radical union."
M. de Cassagnac, in the Pays, profes
ses to approve the circular, but adds a
"We do not mean, however, that the
flag should be altogether kept out of
sight. In many elections this would be
dangerous and would be the surest
way of failure. Wherever It will be pos
sible to be only a MaoMahonite, with
out danger for the candidacy, it is
proper to be only a MacMahonite. If
elsewhere it is necessary to assume a
more marked color in order to set going
the electoral current, this must be done,
but always exhibiting the greatest re
in other words, a Bonapartist candi
date should hoist his true colors where
ever he can do it without prejudicing
his chances, but where this would run
the risk of losing Monarchist votes, he
should declare himself a MacMahon
ite. Mr. Tristan Lambert, whose ad
dress has called forth the Ministerial
reprimand, will doubtless say that he
has acted upon this very rule; that his
supporters at Fontainbleau want the
empire in order to restore life to the
town. and that they care nothing for
the Marshal. He has, at any rate, been
candid, and the Legitimist (Gazette de
Paris acknowledges that if he likes the
empire, it is more honorable for him to
say so than disguise it. The Gazette
scouts the notion that the Bonapartists
care for anything but the restoration of
the empire, and it bitterly attacks M.
"Vice Emperor he has been, Vice Em
peror he means to remain. * * He is
making the empire. It matters noth
ing to him that it ii on the ruins of
France and on the ruins of the Conser
It proceeds to catalogue all the griev
ances of the Ultramontanes against
"the Rouher Empire" from the unity of
Italy and Germany to the election of
Republican life Senator~,
.... . .4---
A PLAGUE OF RATS.
The St. Louis Journal says that "when
Samuel Davis introduced a bill into the
Legislature last winter providing for
the destruction of rats, the press of the
State was inclined to indulge in a great
deal of badinage at Sam's. expense.
If all reports be true, however, the peo
ple, and especially the farmers of cen
tral Missouri, have this summer begun
to realize the benefits of Sam Davis'
effort in their behalf. The counties of
Saline, Cooper and Pettis are literally
overrun by rats, and the crops are re
ceiving incalculable damage thereby; in
many localities whole fields of corn have
been uprooted and destroyed by rats,
necessitating replanting or abandon
ment for the season. The rats burrow
in the ground close to the fences, in the
hedges and ravines, breed large litters
three times a year, and devour every
thing they come upon. They are the
old-fashioned wharf rats, such as
abound in every city. It is feared that
they will ultimately become a greater
scourge than the grasshoppers have
been, although there is now a whole.
sale movement against them in the
counties named. One farmer in Saline
county has within thepast three months
killed over 1000 of the pests, for the
scalps of which he received $60, in ac
cordance with the provisions of Sam
A WORD OF PRAISE FROM MORTON'S
The course of the Southern people
during the exciting events of the last
ten days has been altogether praise
worthy. Not only has there been no
disturbance or outbreak in any part of
the extreme South, but some of the
Southern States have made offers of
volunteers to the President if they were
needed to quell disturbances and en
force the law in the Northern States.
The Southern papers, too, have gen
erally spoken firmly on the side of law
and order, and, so far as we know, there
has not appeared the slightest symptom
of disloyalty to the government. This
is an encouraging sign. It shows that
the Southern people are becoming im
bued with a national feeling, and that
loyalty for the General Government is
taking healthy root there.
A Railway Blockaded by Tramps.
MARSHALLTOWN, Iowa, August 3.-A
large number of tramps have taken
possession of a train on the Central
railroad, at Ackley, and have torn up
the track. The citizens, either from
fright or sympathy with them, do
nothing to dislodge them. A military
company from this city has been or
dered there to recover the train. All the
towns along the line south have been
furnishing transportation for the
tramps and seeding them north, until
the country is literally flooded with
them. Two hundred were sent from
this city yesterday. About sixty under
took to take possession of a train here,
and it took the entire railroad force
from the machine shops, with the track
and train men, to dislodge them. They
claim to be in a starving condition, and
that it is bread or death with them.
ANOTHER HEAD CHOPPED OFF --AP
PRAISER RINGGOLD NI'lPENDED.
The ('eunmlsieon Recommends and the
Treasury Department Arts.
The suspension of Appraiser Rioggold by the
Treasury Department, made, it is presumed,
upon the report of the Custom-House Commis
sion, created considerable comment in Custom
House circles on Tuesday morning, the average
WHO WOULD COME. NEXT.
The Commission, it seems, reported in favor of
the consolidation of the two appraisers'ollces,
and the Treasury Department merely suspended
Mr. Ringgold until Congress meets, when it may
be that the Secretary of the Treasury will Iecom
mend the abolition of the oedice, which can b 3 done
only by an actof Congress, as section 2569, Rlevised
Statutes of the United Btates, provides that there
shall be at this port two appraisers and one as
sistant appraiser. That seotion being oxp.liit,
the department could not abolish either ,tlie,
although it could and has virtually c.oooidhted
Quite an eager crowd wore on the outside
ARRIVAL OF TOM ANDERSON,
who was hourly expected and who will be button.
holed by scores of friends (?) the moment he
makes his appearance. Surveyor Wells was the
least bit anxious to see him also, and will have a
private chat with him during the day, should he
TIHE PEOPLE'S BANK.
We confess to an unpardonable omission in
failing to notice specially the occupation by the
People's Bank of their new bank building, sit
uated at the corner of Old Levee and Custom
house streets, ard just completed under the su
perintendence of Surveyor D'Hemcoourt, the de
signer, and Mr. Turpin, a young and promising
The structure is a type of elegance and sim
plicity on the exterior, while the interior Is hand
somely decorated in fresco and richly uphol.
stered and furnished. The frescoing is the work
of Mr. Dressel, until recently the seento artist of
the Varieties Theatre, and this, we believe, is the
first work of the kind from his pencil that he has
been able to exhibit to the public. It has the
quality of being definite and correct in outline
and rich, yet not gaudy, in color, and manifests
great taste in conce ption and neatness in execu
In securing the iron vanres, formerly belong
ing to the late Bank of America, the People's
Bank are now the possessors of one of the finest
and completest fire proof and burglar proof safes
in the country, the main lock of the vault being
susceptible of nearly two thousand combinations.
One of the advantages 6f thb interior is its
roominess and its adaptability to extension in
case of increase of business, which must be the
consequence of the removal of the bank to its
new quarters, in the midst of sil the great im
porting houses of our commercial community.
In complimenting the directors and stockhold
ere of the People's Bank upon the installation
of their icstitution in its ornamental edifice, we
take the ocasaion to wish them all the popularity
and prosperity which they deserve.
and prosperity which they deservee. ` .
THE WEATHIER E.TERDAY.
The following is the "temperature" at the
varlous points named, as reported by the
Signal Service telegrams furnished by Ser
geant Brown, of the Signal Bureau, and indi
cating the state of the temperature at the
points named, at 3 p. m. yesterday:
Cairo 85 degrees, Cincinnati 86, Galveston
91, Keokuk 83, LaCrosse 84, Leavenworth 83,
Louisville 88, Memphis 85, Nashville 88,
Omaha 85 Pittsburg 88, Shreveport 90 St.
Louis 87, St. Paul 83, Vicksburg 94, Yankton
(D. T.) 87, Augusta (Ga) 82, Coreicana (Tex.)
93, Mobile 83, Montgomer" 95, Savannah 91,
New Orleans 85, and Key West 89.
The following were the variations of tem
perature, according to the thermometer
(Fahrenheit) at Duhamel's store on Canal
6 a. m., 81; 12 noon, 86;; 3 p, rm., 8; 6 p.
-----a ON -
U. 8. Esorwuan's OFFICE,
New Orleans, Aug. 7, 1877.
During the month of July, 1877, the depth of
channel at Southwest Pase at mean loe tide
ranged from 16 to 16' fIet, with a least witl!h
for those depths rangng from 40 to 100 feor.
High tide ranged above mean low tide from 13
to 3 feet, making the depth of channel at higu
tide range from 17% to 1 eet.
There was but one day during which the
channel was less than 18 feet in depth at high
The following number of vessels crossed the
bar during the month: Steamers in 9, steamers
oun 6; sailing vessels in 5, sailing vessels out 17;
Of this number 1 drew 20 feet 5 inches; 1, 20
feet 2 inches; 1, 20 feet; I, 19 feet 10 inches; 1,
19 feet; 2, 18 feet 6 inches.
Following is a list of vessels detained at the
bar during the month, and remarks concerning
July 4.-Bark New England, 15 feet, grounded
at 1 p. west of channeL Got off daring the
July 8.-Steamer Jamaioan, 19 feet, grounded
at 6 a. in., on west side of channel. Got off at 5
a. m. July 9.
July 10.-Bark Fede Esperanza, 18 feet 6 Inches,
grounded at 10 a. m. on east side of channel Got
off at 6 a. m. July 11.
July 11.-Bark Pontida, 19 feet 10 inches,
grounded at 8 a. m. on west side of channel. Got
off at 7 a. m. July 12.
July 22.-Ship Baden, 20 feet 2 inches, ground
ed at 6 a. m. on west side of channel. Got off at
5 a. m. July 23.
Among the many changes t0 take place soon
on the grand boulevard none will be more strik
ing and more indicative of the good time to come
than the swaying to the breeze the banners of the
grand "Palais Boyal." Our enterprising friend'
Levy, who has for so many years been the popu
lar proprietor of the dollar store, No. 137 Canal
street, seems to have had his faith shaken in re
publican institutions and ideas, and is deter
mined, with one fell swoop, to obliterate the
name of dollar store forever. He is making prep
arations for the opening of this elegant and gor
geous establishment, and nothing will be spared
in making it the most attractive place in the
Southern country. Levy's dollar store is known
throughout the whole South, and as it has been
known for its promptness in filling orders and
the polite attention of the clerks, and the place to
get everything, so will the Palais Royal grow
into popular favor, for we will see in the large
and gilded siges that are to adorn the building
evidences of a new era, a prosperity which we
have longed for but never expected until the
Buy your buggies and carriages from L. T.
Maddux, 35 Carondelet street, near corner Gra
Sa3 noacc to l..~nlo:.1 is wait ca:a-a.
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