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The New Orleans daily Democrat. [volume] (New Orleans, La.) 1877-1880, August 12, 1877, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83026413/1877-08-12/ed-1/seq-1/

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Ma.e than Half of Ulbboumn Voree Kiled 1
and Wounded tit the Hattle.
(Spv del to the DfemooratU
thmrn Lonon, Aug 21, ii a. In.-A courier,
who hbe jest arrived from Big Hole, brings
an accinint of a depaerate battle between lit
hon's conmrnand and the Nos Poeres, on tie
Big i1olq river, the 9th inst. The fight
eommenc ti at daylight by the voluntntes
firing on and killing an Indian going after
horses. A charge was then made on the inr
diatt camp and hard fighting ocrurred for the
next two hours. The sorilers then charged
on the lodges, but worn repulst, when they
took possession of the high wooded point and
fortiterd thersn'tves. The tighting crttonuin l
t all day and was still prtlgr'essing fitfully
when tho corifor loft, at 11 o'clock. The
fighting wins leenprat' onb hat h stiles, tthe full
tote' of tre Indians leing In the light.
(apt. Logain aro I tAutorarni Itrenxlly worn
killed: 00'n. (libbon, ('apt. Williamrs rnol
i'nteantrtnt ('olidge, English end Wioi lr If
wounded.r. The tnossanger says In' thinks a
hundred Inillais were killei, auni noealy hell
elf (litbton'sritianrri, lurriii ngt'ittix'ns, were
killed or wounnidtdi, bay ring at out, a IhirItored
eiTectivo men. (ion. (litbtron's supply of
wagons, which were left In the renr, wore
captured, and ho has sert for rnrdllines, silt
goons, suppilrs, eto.
It is one of the hardeit. Indn ini lights on
record, irnd (llbbon's conrnia.r'l ntIr' t heI
most gallant ant desperate tight.
Wagon antid supplies under e'sort are being
sent from here and liutte.
Howard and Joseph.
Ispeoial to the Detrn'oramt?
MAN Tt1ANCt'rO, Aug. 11.-A l'urtland till
patch says that the general iimpr'ssion pre
valls at Missnoulah thit Joseph, with a portion
of his hand. has gone to 1tie head of 1I1tter
Boot Valley with the intention of working his
way hack to Little Salmon river. (Ion.
Howard will pursue hint th the end.
Defy ing the Law.
MRonial to the Dremocrat.1
NAnsrvrumn Aug. 11. -A special to the
Amrerira from liuntiugtrn, says that lnst
Thursday. it having freon announced in court
that the bond of tin. Henry Ihrrnell. on trial
at Tiptonville, Lake county, was insuillcient,
he was ordered to jail. T'h'e shf'rii' refused
to act, and itarnil with an armed mob of
twenty-live men walked out of the court
room, denouncing the court tnil defying the
authorities. The sheriff refusing to sunrnmon
a posse, (Aov. Porter was telegrapldxl to, to
send the (hihckasaw (beards of Memphis to
the relief of the judge, but the order was
eount~manded. Darneli and his squiad hav
Iinleft for Kentucky.
The Alabnaa Killing.
[hpeial1 to the Democrrat.l
Cotttarttts, Miss., Aug. 11.-- The killing of
Kllpatrlek and Story, in Pickensville, Ala., by
negroes, last week, is reported to have loi'n
instigated by four white men who led the ni
groes. Their names are Nat and luck Pierea,
a young Sandr'rs and .John Dlorse. Striry.
who was a srs ret detective, hnd a war
rant at the thne hie was killed for the ai
rest of Nat Pieree, who killed a negro luint
winter in Noxuiec county, il isc. The siuppo
sitlon is that this Is the reason why Story was
killed. They have arrestil Nat l'ierce, but
the others are still at large. 13.
Lynch Law.
IutNectal to the P1emonratl
BALTIMORE, Aug. 11.--On hundn.y last, at
Mitchell's Station, Culpeper county, West
Virginia, a negro nuamned Thompson (ommtitit
ted a brutol assault. on a. white girl. Next
day Thompson was arrested and Ireigedi In
{ jail. Last night he was forcibly taken froin
the jail by about sixty masked nun and
Maratotla Iacees.
SAItATOOA, Aug. 11.-The sisond moeting
of the races opened to-day, with fine weather.
'The track was in splendid condition and
spectators were numerous.
The first race, Kentucky Stakes, for two
year-olds, three-quarters of a mile, was won
by Pride of the Village in 1 :18'".
The summer handicap for all ages, one mile
and three-quartors, was won by the favorite,
Parole, in ,i:05.
The handicap race for all ages, one mile
and a quarter, was won by Major Barker in
The free handicap steeple chase, two miles
and three-quarters, was won by Redding by a
head. Time, 4:46.
The little jockey of Waller was thrown and
had his collar-bone broken. "
Loss of a Pacific Nteamer.
4q ipechll to the Democrat.l
SAN FRANcISCo, August 11.--Intelligence
aas been recelved of the loss of the Paeilie
8team Navigation Company's steamer Eten,
t on the 15th of July, seventy miles north of Val
!paraiso. The loss of life is estimated at about
0oo persons.
g ie l Iad to be Upon the Sell of
it America Again.
* NEW ToirK, Aug. 10.-Senator Conkling had
a reception and serenade to-night. After re
turning thanks for the cordiality of the re
ception he said he came back a stronger if
not a bettor American than he went. He
never before was so proud of his country, or
so content with his countrymen, now that he
? had had the opportunity of comparing them
with other countries and peoples. Great
Britain had the accumulated results of gen
orations; she has eight centuries of Parlia
ments, power and wealth, but in civilization
liberty and progress, general intelligeneeand
the promise of the future, America need not
shrink from comparison.
He spoke of Paris its art treasures and
onuments, and paid a tribute to the mag
imity of the Germans, who left them all
touched when they had the city in their
wer. Of Gen. Grant he said: Wherever he
honors wait upon him, but they do not
to wean limn from things at home. He
ayremain long abroad, but when he returns
ou are ilkely to find that all the distinctions
mored upon him have not washed out a jot
Jfhis Americanism, or magice him anything,
e the same upright, downright IRepub
can, without cant; th' same molest, unpre
citizen you have ever known him.
D The Virglial' (on-ervatice Convention.
',RrCua1OzD, Aug. 11.-Gen. James A. Walker,
ni PI'tlakt, waits noiolnnted ftin hinlUtA('tl1Btt
The tinanelal plank Iiivitkon the ltWinlat~tnle
anrd the E xeeutlkti to tidjnttt the tttbhlký dep~t Ho
that equn.I J Mnitre may he done to till, wit~houit
ln('rilaing taxatiton.
IThe fr~tttn-P'urnell Mhoosn~t~ Afdray.
UAATAgst'tN, Aug. 1I. 1)iMnpalcheii fromn Auta
tin repot'ttt I tintPu 1rnell Ini rriutltg wllh, anid It,
In nouw hoi'hruu'i hr' ntatndna t ni teluhtatiuu' to
(ieut. liritlon ina ntleru arr'ti'a. andi hl15 i'xnnli
Inatl in in Iin progrt'nn.
rThe Itnrebtrutr Nurfes.
11titttawrtatt. Aug. Iit.--.'1'h"i ettu'utuitur' at.
ittuiIrliu'nt'r ihtiurinktt h' I'ituk rtii'i' tot-tlay wnni
guxitu. Ii'rItI thief itlue. feli' I li 2:25 cttann, wtan
wttn by iLow Mii'ti, ivho tooik liii' thirlt, fonurth
antd nit~th lient,' Iinnnqtti itrttittl aujl lilur'
;Mare thirdl. 'fl'iur, 2:21. 2 :2:1' 2:21',
~In It'' ftree I it' n.jl I uine ontu bilr' :tnd
Llu~t and Mlnhi iglt't Iuintg drwn .I.jfirii
wont in tIii ii'' ci tilght- tiet~nuuiu I tnt'. 2 :21,
2 :it'. 2 :y
Iteº'PA .--Lýt'
1'(l l7AL 4E1FFAIIIA4.
Mc~niaUnr .lm~ite VIant4 I'PttqnCDn ýIstlaat tlue
I~unt( )tilritnnln tm# Pnert frn. lne twnntit
Amrnenirn luau.
1VAyOTNOJ'O~J. Aug,. Oi. --NPiontito di on" c, o)
l 1ori'! I, numt ,Iiirgno, if AiN.Ii~uui. nt1ii int
fbi' iritiigi-i Iunti 0xi". ni tilutiit ef M1r. 1l. 1'
Itroolok. ii wol1 -known jou tunni tnt, fi ,iuui'ut ii
oc'ti'il in iit~rnttI ig the nttnnttii Ii iif tIi II
Ihot~itti'ui tuiri bi Ih lucci uilkinn if it flitr
Wi'n'iit'tt li'riiln nutl iu it lunut 1V71 A lit.1 i:Ltiii
pul t l nII' v fugut tiotlinug 111it (11 P nultmuiiiit (liii
ltin tfim %%i'uF1'rt't ucntum of 1 hio (lutll 'f M'" k'"
1(11(1 tho dvit'opuuuenrt of I ho g1'^1t 141111//1 I
Thim lily cork now iiu'iug boilt tit. I'hopl "1" fin
the' Puun(nh'ohu Nuuiv Yitrii will 140i11u Iii' 11111113
for Ftblltnun'ut hi. tfiitt point, liuco It l iiililii.
a(blo dhat. $etii't nv ruuu~iun1non mauy uihlt i'i'uii
(i1(ltfilt. Miu1nrwhle the niti outfitn of Ithi I 'ont
0l't1uc i)opuurtrinonut ntli tinl' t'ouutiu ('iou 1nttsnii.o
111it beienu direi'i' 1 to I hi' uti't'i'wtitb'p itnil ioun
tenutcun'i'a of l't'tttiitcuulIiti di1tr tl utiitloig pointi
ff~gr'nttaii udesttinnlil for (~inbf port14 an Wueli to
i,Tn'XIu'u1(111 uu tho~ti Atiuricit. Attl; , fii' tonI ni'
oif Mr'nnttnr lnu' "0101 i~~ti'op'' vetuvH will hi' 1111L111
of 1'('ttwnu4'otha rbit or, iii titnt whenn (lloturini
tuniote time 1't'itumtiatuu will hio iu'niy upont whili
tio hun$e 1ii~i~ln'i~tt'utioun1 for It li I tuifiti niniiuu
1(nd. th itO t'i'uin-ni of Ithn' wni'i'k irnoouI' tii' 111111
III thu' %11111110 1ti(11' Er, Itt. l'ituki'uun.
Tflnp A IaIlahtn lulnr'uuitnlalsp
\VAMnuNOT'uiN Attg. 11.- 'The ' hinttit Wiit
ne 'rblTw'nuInv, I iufornn'll' I'u't-niili'tiit4 11l'
pai'tiut' foiu Nouw LnugIunin, wtizen it. in 1111(t1(
cn'rt~nlnt thi'y Wvi tiikt utkl I n'v HOW iiuh1n1) 1111.
ciuutriiut nittmittuu'v fot A luthunan.
ini I1 ('ul~iirut. yoint01'tntmy. tout (il'ii. 1 IltuOKr
tvlu n14e priuiirrnt Inntuion ill ilolilpulii' tI". 1i11(01
unitil Tuuniuilny to 1nictin ll' onuitttl'.
'1'n11 Wild Nlrnax.
~V tituiNiISTIN. Aug. t 1.-. ItI it iiiimgtit lm
111iijlniittlIi'( titihiiit thinthe 0fbi' t'itoiu iuinuuu pruu
pipMirlr by tliii' I niu'ti MtnlA'14n 111('toiiihm.n witl
tl'gtnril to Ihii (iiiioitiuitoti of thuwit "11 Sioutx
uuitonii hl' tnii pat~iti'. witht full rt'prn4'uuutnt~iii
twuo'it'i"t11 toit Nift lg 111t1.
A ilriwraI fleIlrf Th~at Threr h> no Prrluº
bullly of Nerr fellmg luuvoivrl lIi the
lUinrVIJ War.
(Spreiki to tbn 17rmoornt.i
i~rlrIuN. Aug'. 11. in the, l Irowa tf (urn)
(1it(u(or('r4fi, lpi'M14t(iit.t V p1044141~' I fI' u411in~~i
00 1110 gi ))'ni0nient, Wti t hci t1uy W~i iii I c 'i
MailI)' liii' tonii puiarv ioe'iipot ion of' (1i iiiotllit
011111) b1y tim 1liuIftijl7)a 74 farin' tflJ'lI-iihtetit
wvith lliiti~ih int4'r).((t( 414 to' 14 li~itiuIi 11ir' i''Il
tion!)fl~ am nrity t twoon Engla~ndl) unit) l1nsii77.
Thiu qJuoM((flionhi~l lii'' ui'toi'it (r dra-wing fi'imi
Ri vI) of till giol ltorh ('uinhlir[())) Wi clul
HM foili by til( I )pp 4tli 44 ) ut' of i h (ill )(i (ririlrlity
oif E~nghland bh(4niniig invoivr'i hin tin war'.
1'oi'ri)tiur miuii 'N 'ip,[Jk Ii.fo liny' ii )'f ii nil
gmov'i'mnhii'µls d01(41(0 to a(LV) d1( il ([L)e oill till
fi'ati't u(tinifw 11 (1(1 )1 i(P))(ili )7 1111 kit '.~ ti o
Earl llion'on74ttcht'44 meount. 74(01 nieini in (hto
110117444 of Lomrd((.
The RnssIanus Will not Crot. he flalkans
Until They Have Crushed the
Turks in Ihulgaria.
LoNPoN. Aug. 11.-The 1hlly/ NWeI lOPr
respondent telegraphing from Billa, T'huirs
day says his estimate of the serious effect of
the iussian defeat at Plevna, ormied on the
battle-field, is fully borne out by the Russian
appreciation of it. The Russians stand wait
ing for necessary reinforcements, and are
thankful that they are nlot assaulted in their
defensive positions.
The defeat has altered the whole plan of
the campaign for this year. T'he Russians
have virtually abandoned the expectation of
pressing the war across the Balkans. It will
suffice them if, during the three months still
available forfIghting, they can sweep Bulgaria
north of the Balkans, clear of Turkish armies.
The orders are to withdraw from all the
trans-Balkan positions. This is from no di
rect pressure of the Turks beyond the Bal
kans, but because of the risk attending nn
supported advances on this side of the Bal
The paralysis caused by the Plevna reverse
still endures. One hundred thousand anore
men are wanted and are fortheoming, but
will have to be waited for. The first brigade
of reinforcements is expected to cross the
Dmuuifb in a day or two.
The Ruwslans Muft'erfna a Great Deal From
LoNDON, Aug. 11.--1)ispatches represent
several Russian positions as safe, but they are
utterly iieicJent for renewal of offensive
movements. There are 70,000 Turks at Lo
vatz and on the Plfvna line, who, the corre
spondents say, will take a deal of beating.
On the Russian left flank the Czarowitch's
army, which is available for holding the line
from the Danube to the Balkans, numbers
60,000, necessarily attenuated over a long
front, so as to leave no gap for the Turks to
creep through. The Turks are probably of
about the same strength, but if M1ehmu't All
chooses to take the offensive he may concen
trate at Rustchuk, Rasgrad and Osmnan
Bazar. The Russians must be ready to face
him everywhere, consequently they must re
main strictly on the detensive. The
river Lorn still virtually constitutes the
line of the Rustchuk army. Gen. Zimmer
mann is checkmated. He is guarding Da
brudcha, which is nit threatened, and he can
not push forward with his 31,00I. men lest his
enemies from Varna and Shuanla should con
vnrgP 1 um him. The tutslana are boginning
to untler in hIalth-aorne corpa front hard
mtarching, Iheit and Irroguwlar rations. The
principal (1caw1ew', however, ia neglect Of aaiwi
tary precauthiwna, rnauiltinK In a general taint
ing of the air. At Iliola the air ia thick and
huwvy with emanations frown filth and rotting
offal. (*on. lgtutioltTt la aill conflwinwd to till
loom with gaAtrin fover. Vrinco (alatzin iA
also awboih with t-hw' aatne cotiplaint.
I'oiur mott of five adjutant generals in at
tewtiance on tije ( Iar wre iii. Nearly 1'verwy
hudy iA miore 41 less sick ur sr nIaritSh. T'Jim
(lritnd I)uke Niclholia will take suJIrfn0 dit
reitoii Iiw 1 tw forthttming atltak on 1l'Ivlti.
The tnuwwmnu i-it Atthumpt 1%othist IVrn
a Week.
ILhNtON. Aug. t11.- The 1,Timu 1lhicharoal,
6o4 rr1o4-i1 iin l'wt lta thai 1 ti n (I4' I' t iilal It
IIiola. Though Ilies .Ltua iwnt alloy IA9i iin4
ntlretathennal rtpilrtty. i-l er is little 1111111'1 Of
iiny weri'1wii ( ti0 in for muwen 11-' n ii a w4ik. Thli
Turk'-, itwlAwand of ni-nt lg with energy and dil
1'34i1in1. arc bulilwwg moire d''r'+iinive works,
11111, atrangwit'tf nilw th Iwo-11nnwlliwll 1i10vl' wlity
deiidl'w iww stop 441h1o11l in thliwir en(i1et with Iit
null'rating hieyvowl 11r'I liwniklwntl 11t1i yiwr.
:1 ill wil ! il ho hl:(y 441'''"44 in (l'itiiing 1.1
141111' of tin' nwwwitwiu iw i one camh pw1iltlI, hotwl
1411'www Willii' Iliw-ii' 11iwlww- 111 l i ri10 I 9~w'lIilk3ll -I
menowhi the wrw wuatwwe mwih Tlwwkvw.
t 1181111' ProablehI at Tlrnovn.
LO¢4 NliN, Aug. 11. 'i 1 ow en IAlinii (11 rr0
winpaonwlent of tin 'JTimrN, it. V'iewwnn, 1y1;:
i'wlllvtllthin1 tIOw1l. to 911w14w liatl, Ml'iww'rw'mt All
11,1111 '-luinitsii i I'wwwhii 1119 11111 (kiig great oliwwitw
to oll'"lIt. iw jin''twioiw by Miivinww Pwsiwi, 44P will t4
113411 111 ie the IItwaw-innM44 I'I (ill w Tirnw va. If they
911(''4l Iin ofeti'ling 11 juntttion wei 1111' y
wwn-t sll ti hi lwwe1r 4wf a great Iawwtttlw, whiwiw
will dwin'ill' thi' yr'www'9 w-lwrmiaign.
Ilrainlir the Poirq to JIlht REm la'sR
aint t Dr
i-11I n i' iwd t liw ii)'rnwplrwwA. I
ilr;iilIN, Awug. 11. --Iw1 luitwian Poland all
thi' w11i1o0 1w11w11 eightew n to forty-tivt years 4wf
age ore' 1i-twg registelri'w, preparatory to
w'illing wut. the iolww1w.iniig (la1'4i'1"4 of the gwn'o
rnl irvv.
- ---..e- -
Th' brwnd tDuke to Dtrect Operatione
Defrwe Prelna.
IF-lwoiwlil to liwe i)Pmorwlat.1
I1N1wl IN, Aug. 11.- A wiiatlh f1111w1 Nikipw
t11- ay- Although gean. Iir w'iwownow is wiwi
nwiliy till- wrwiuinw'lr of the army weforwe
l'invnw., 1hw" Irand i iikw' him idif will take -www
pr'niww' 'Iirow thun ill the fi rtoirwiwing wwtiwn.
Madamne Titlern.
IMuliwi hw the P)in4wo'rwt.1
LONIwIN. Aug. 11 .- Maidai Titiwiwi l9 in a,
-t"witwww of griat w'xihiutiwwion fron the Pf1'or't4 'wf
win''thor operiwtion wviwh she haw l 1www1n ('ww1m
mwlIld t-I wwwwwlorro.
An Intrirtnc to Force the Duke at DBrottli'
roam the French Cabinet.
18tw-'utal to Ii' l)0nocrat.l
L1INooN, Aug. 11, -A 'wariw dispatcwh 91wy4
that Iwhe lwwnapnirt it. 4wwwd clwriwwal pr114 11wv-w
lng bwrn w'iwnoiiw wg for a proclait11wi-ion of a
1-wtwitA' of -iwgw.
'Tlwoe Vywwwo 1 iiith i I-hut i wiuke wiw rwigliw',
Prwliwllnt of tin' 1IIei wtwind Min itwr if .11194
tii', W iwma( li iler4l ltwdi'wdenti m-ke hill ww nr
till reproneh (1f inconsi44'atlny i-1 111n19bnta'i"
1,,nh111wwtwpw nd a4w1111 Vidvi34(; Iiw ii liw 1(91ig1i lld
i-wivw' tiwl' tiIll tlpin Cu iworw' thwririwighi 111111m .
A resww'r i lln . l-4it 1iy9 iin intriguw i-9 Pvi
tnintly going iin in 11twi wliwwutiwwn, 1iwut, Iho
liukl'to de roglie, who iw an (1r-lewniwt, will
9(111"l' 3y 11w' 911 art l1wwi 1w4 to 1iii1ww (4wv1' his
etril4 to1 tihe lionatpartists.
[Htss'al to the Dnmoernt..l
Ni w Your(, Aug. 1. -- loWf 10t t ; (1. S. 6's
or 11411, lif'( illl'; do totnpotns 112ct112% ;
44's 3014^;,,10'14'; 5-20's of 114411, ('(aponls,
ifM i ;0al( ; do 1565, new iestir'. 10O(4t1'7;
i 1i 47. J4ll?; to 1(614 tunrpeons, IIl'4; 10-404,
109'iHtlO9' ; 'to coupons I12' µ'u.l12 ; "cur
I''ll('y 6's, 125.
LoNOoN4 Au. i1i.-- (o;4s 411f4 formoney95il-16;
5. 5-2044 I6 , 101'4' I; 1547, f4' L; 10-4l's,
1045,; new S 107' ; a 1,4.
(HMt"inl to the Demoerat.J
Sr. Lontn Aug. I1.--Flour d'ull anti in
ehanged. 1 hftf, bettIer f r the highest, and
iowest, grolies: No. 2 red $1 29 A ugust, No. 1
(it) $1 12% ean4, $1 114', bid August: No. 4 do
lI 11( 1 12 4(44sh. ('irn Is lower; 610161
eaah; 417a 12 SMptfeff'r; 42'0t421/ Ot to
her. Oats are bettor 23 Septoewý,r. Whisky
un('hange(i. 1'r'Ovish114 unfhanged, little
C(NJINNA'rr, Aug.11. Flour steady. Wheat
quiet: amber and white at $1 250t1 35. torn
steady at 47(;149. 05t14 dull and unchanged.
Whisky 14sr$ong: w1 (41. Provisions dull; noml
nally unchrangel1.
Naw Yomu, Aug 11, Noon.-Cott~o quiet;
(1 irands 11 ', Orleans 11 .; ;ales 352.
Futures firm; August 11.61)011.63, Sop
tembr'i 11.11)(1 1.41, October 1L.090111.12, No
vember [email protected], Decemlrbet 11.(119411.63.
Livr~nPoo. Aug. 11.-Short cle.r middles
3). (otton --Sales of Ameriian yesterday,
5:141( bales; to-day, 153(0. Futures firm; Up
lelds, Low Middling clause, August and Sep
temiler delivery, 6-ll-11 Septemnber and Oc
tober, 6 3-:;2d Novetnher and 1)ecermber,
6 3-:12d; new crop, shitpfled .January and Fob
ru siy, by sail, 6 :1-32tl.
SOUTrwr*sT PAss, Aug. 11, Non. - -Wind
northeast, light.
Arrived: British steamship Cordova, Long,
master, at 12 last night,. fr44m POYrnamnbuio. to
Dean, Zerega A Co.
No departures.
Po4uT .Eins, Aug. 11, Noon. -- Wind east,
No arrivals.
Sailed: Unark (i. Lanatta, for Bordeaux.
The following is the "temperature" at the
various points named, as reported by the
Signal Service telegrams furnished by Ser
geant Brown, of the Signal Bureau, and indi
cating the state of the temperature at the
points named, at 3 p. m. yesterday:
Cairo 87 degrees, Cincinnati 75, Galveston
89, Keokuk 79, LaCrosse 81, Leavenworth 89,
Louisville t5, Memphis 89, Nashville 89,
Omaha 86, Pittsburg 83, Shreveport 95, St.
Louis 84, St. Paul 86, Vicksburg 91, Yankton
(D. T.) 86, Augusta (Ga.) 91, Corsicana (Tex.)
101, Mobile 92, Montgomery 91, Savannah 89,
New Orleans 90, and Key West to.
The following were the variations of tern
perature, according to the thermometer
(Fahrenheit) at Duhamel's store, on Canal
street, yesterday:
6 a. m., 78; 12 noon, 99; 3 p. m., 93; Op.
m., 89 and in the sun at 3 p. t. 140. 4
K1' HOEM OF1 '96.
muu7*ti~tl i.
Wills a Iew Reflertione on the Art of
Wrltinwl Hiltnry.
(14pecial Correepondenoe of the Demoorat.1
OltinaANY, N. i., Aug. ii, 1877. f
Let 4 forget, for L few ninuite the Southern I
i'oliey, Illvil Serviee ltefhrm, and the Labor I
Quention; lot us then turn ha+k the haw11 aI
hundred years, to the day when Nieholan i
tlerkimer with five Iuiidrerl and fifty prisoli- I
4e414 at. 1i1 enck, gave tattle on this fil4-14-I in I
these woods- to Jlranlt (L111l Johnson loading
a full tho4usand of Tnrleu, C('n1dians and In
ditn4. J'his; was
Ttll 8ATr'rrta (1' o41n44AY,
the eeinteufnlal alnnivorsrary of whleh firrt.ral
New Vork is to-d.iy met, to colebrato with
141'141(1 n141 pomp. The little hand that fought, I
thli' tattli rnoihered, 444 I have na41i, live h1114,
dr 44l 414141 111t V; ind ri there nil 444,b e fifty live
tl4ousani 4444 "t. t, ,ii, honor toi them --an hurn
drri rol1 in Irn h1lnirv14 years.
T1hls Intile Ir Orlnany has for 1ome8( renSo~n
1hen slig4hvl iy al 4iiia hi1nir1414. lait if yon
will tufke t11e tr11(blf' ti) consu414lt tfie p4'' of
th4 two EngI cli ('hroni4i441'4'4 Iwh have write'n
m4i4, sthi's ictivi'ly of thf4R''v4utll iin, yvo wilI
ftinft 4at, they give itf pr04hnary impnrtanee and
(1444ri44e 1i1, it fl" hetogitniing of that. Irltlatih di
1nt 41 w1i1(141 ended in t.he 44pit' ilation of lii r
gr vile. The min f1rtune of thi. erointry In thrti
I 44Tr tlY 14 AL W&14 41II W ir.TTN 1 ýrol . 1ii;w
41Iii14N14 srTA 11'n1TN'r,
and the impres liiin whiili the reader derivs
114 that our lni4p4iiindenei ' was won by New
Ingl714l41-- with io4,lran al . paL44nmfl of lMisittr
118(11' from the ether olonis. i'hlus the ntu
dent of Arnerlean histnry is '.4ight that Ilnr
gi4ne reeived his first strategle check at
'lenningtOn, 111nl it 14s a rare ch1a1110) If oie
learns 4 44 tha1. ttre wa4 a skIrmish at Oriskany
at all. Let us then survey the strat"gv of
Burgiyneie invasion ihi order that we may
fully develop the signtfleanee of the event
whinl Is here lorinl1y ('elebritted to-day; end,
though the affair o(uiirre4l long bfore fLuiuiit
ann.a wats torn, her,' people will r41041 of its d(e
table with as keen 1L uost 4.nd with ill) hound
tig 4 fatrimtfla a44 distingushe1 i them thir ty
eight yeniis later, when they met the n1i4m4
fi' 4n4 ('h1 1 nim tt,.
(iI414, 141T1R YNE4414'4 1'1AN1 O(F 4NVAS1iN
'nilbrainrI a main mo14vemnent by way of Lakes
('hanimplai41 and (1i'eirge and a flank movement
by way of Oswego 11(141 the Mohawk Valley,
with a grand Jauction of forces on the IHudson
at the pr,'sent Site of Troy. It is with the
flank Imiivemlenlt that we have to deal: (okn
formrably with the plans of Ii4rgoyne, (Clronel
Barry St. Leger led an expedition from MI)on
treal to 04wego, thene4' up the Oswego river
to4 its lheradwaters, and across the swamps iii
wit4'h both the $swego (1141( the Mohawk take
theilr rise. Mt. Leger had with him about4 1 50
to 440 (anfalian militia, 250 Tory refugees
froi the Mohnawk 1141 II41s4n settlementet
airier Mir 414141h( .4ihnstn, 814144, th1o4an41d IndI
41n1(4 444i4ima41ded by the ''lili', B14n4441t inn fur
s4 n; a ioist formidila4ble f7rce when we c44
14der 1,1h14e weaun('1444 of thie 4e44,tfere(1 settle
4n444t.s 4a4441 niut wih'Ii h it, wa41 dir etd'i 4444
whivih h$in air44l1y been harried with f1f111
and to4,ma144WI( frotm the Wyoming tIi Chiirry
(len. He4uyle, comma41ding the 4olni111l
forrces which wer1' massing above Albany tof
mic et l4nrg47yne's 444i4n14 41114ny14141 it c4a4me 4i44t of
the w44ds, kept 4an 44nxio1 eye on this flank
i44g (141 (n1141 of 47 ,. Leger, 41441 frankly nil
4 mittld in ii444fer4,r4ce4 with G3'41s. Arn4141t 11nd
Winslow chatt its repso 44 was vital to the 441e
(514 14f $44 generall o4ii'rnations. Ho(leeJply ie
Spre14w' I was .(en. Shluiiyl'r with tlii' for7mi4da
f4lenoms of this 44414veme44t 14141111 his flank 41f1411,
he at first leterm1114(1ie to detf, le1 Arnoldi'44 divi
sin 41f his m1 in 4444ry to m4j1dt if,. But Arn14lfd
pr4ote4't4'il. Ife stid Lhf.t lie 41/41414 rout St. Le
ger easily e414ugth wh!Ircver4 he might 111411
hi44, 41041 drive 11184 into, Lak4 Ontario, but
that, in 4444 m11444'antim4 1i 4 nrgoyn4 would get out,
of the wor4ds 11 41(1 Whuyler's arm4y w b1,41d n44t
Iii 4114! to meet4 him, eplfetd 41.4 it would 1x,
tby the deta('i'n no111, of its b447 t tr14o414$ .
prevailed in this ease, ald ris suggestion
that; the settlers of the throatenred valleys he
left, t(, take care of Mt. Meger's force was
adopt'l. Accordingly orders were dispatch
ad to Col. (4ansevoort, commanding the gar
rison of old Fort Mehuyler,. at the headwa
ters of the Mohawk, to hold that post until
the last extremity, and Col. Ilarkimer was
.rrdered to return it the Mohawk Valley with
the regiment of militia he had recently
trought down fromn there to swell the main
army. He was ordered to levy the settlers
en masse at all points west of the Great Falls
of the Mohawk, and couriers were dispatched
to the Mehahorie and Suseyuohanna settle
monts, asking them to send every man they
couli0 rake and scrape to join Ierkimer at
Ltttle Falls. This was in the fore part of
July, 1777, when Burgoyne was toiling
through the woods to Crown Point, and while
St. Leger was meandering along down the
timberisl shores of Lake Ontario.
rollected at Little Falls but slowly, and the
1st of August found him still waiting for that
levy en masse." iis original force of 350
men had been increased by only five compa
nies, of which two were from the Mohawk,
two from Sehoharie and one from the Susque
hanna; but these only raised his numbers to
100, when he had fully expectel 1000. How
ever, his recruits wore men who could be de
pended on; men and well-grown boys accus
toumed to bring down a buck on the dead run
at eighteen rods through heavy timber, and
they brought to this new service their old
August 2d a courier arrived from Col. Ganse
voort, at Fort Schuyler, announcing that St.
Leger had appeared before that; place and
asking Herkimer to move to its relief. The
brave old Mohawk Dutchman sent back word
that he would "pa dar in dree days, yoost so
certain ash der sun ;" and began his march at
once. On the night of August 5th he reached
the confluence of Oriskany Creek with the
Mohawk, and his scouts brought him word
that Brandt and Johnson, with seven hundred
Indians and three hundred Toies and Cana
dians were in his immediate front, in ambus.
iwln; having oirkin viotawhrwl by Mt.. Lngnr to
meutl him.
wUring the night fiorkirner studiod the
ground and "amut IA, the conclusion that his
best plan wothii be to mowt his force right
into ttho jaws of
TirW A7uit I'MARo!
It, was diuring, tvwi i rspnratn, tantics, but,
the siqutl showed, woli takon. Hle reasonrl.
from his familiarity with Igilir n tactics, that
Brandt wonid furor a lane for hinm to miarcii
into, nit' so ho thought, by disposing his titus
for a httif-faco to the right and loft at the
monmont of mattnok he woitki then and tihtro
have the ntimay out in two. Nn d'ipnteii on
tito stoadinoss of his troolis to withstand the
first insiaught anti after tiut he know the
Indians wonhi not he foris isirablc.
'I'ihi "nmorny hitt rrpuctnid him to tntvu rut.
daylight, but, it Wits ten '''duo'k before ht
411t rnit, and the iavngei grot tnmpatti'nt.
inm fly hi rnovii r4uttirntsly out, with thotwo
thot'harin coimpanies ifn td vane and the 4its
rinrhrnna rilirarmo dopinynd onn thin finks
inwr imitug in rolumn of four fHits. Thu bhoad
of thi 'oiunn thal prnotvirl t about a m'in
wh''n nneor t Ihr Bhibtorin mrin in advante,
leaping on thj burly of a filin tiow, iisinv
crdorl tihi' niiantcd faoe inti gloaming nyns of an
]iin oi rinieiil.ii in thu top. Two rif ti shots
rang tuit boii st in unisinm, snot the nett mu
irnnt, t he wriinis ware frill 'if hratti. T'hii aiii
tsits'ni hind inoiii prjmitturly sprung, taini
liurkimuer faon stioppoii bontweui thu lips of it,;
he hint not gotttun quite intti its jaws. Brit
t he Indiaunsshasenad Uto renmoty that halik in
his toimds by harrying deown his flaniks on
eithtinr sii'', while a rmars of thorn onvetopnyl
his hett'a of olurn.
In tiftion or tiwnnty minutes the action fin
canme gennrai, nitd the inilians rushiil in to
ciuomeittei , as they suppuusol, the iort t ratned
by thoir surprisu. ' lint, instead of thoir ex
port/Ml crrsy victiiry, the lnditius rroivNd a
suffocating volley right in the fioi and eyes
of thtan at a distant'e which, says the tra
ditionary folk-iorn of thin vicinity, did not
avurrago iort than sixty ftnt alung the whole
limn. 'this was a result of thi btackwontis
trt tics of the burly old iHorkirnor who, whon
he ouut-fa4''l his coliniii of four fies to the
right antl loft, hal oldurud the rear rank of
each line thus foried to rusurvo its lire 'until
thi Indians hogan to fling their tontahawks;'
for the griln voteran of thu old F'ronch war
knew that his ruil fon would ihtarg' as soon
as they had iired one or two rourmis. It was
the ri'rt'rvcd fir' of this uniqut "roar rank"
that, sutTorat'i Thrarmiit's nitilans, rind with
thtni, in thu long run, strangled Burgoyne.
Atbr this
TTIV; TN~rtA*7 FfbL B3A~CK
into thu woods' on all sides and, taking to
novor, k'pt up a straggling and desultory
rifin praoticti with the settlers at long range
for more thaiu an hour, when a terrific thun
dtirstormn came up and raged with such vio
loncei as to pit a temporary and tAn tto battle.
It was noar sundown whenl the rain tstaeul,
bitt hardly htl the lightning quit flashing
before tiio ruin's began again. The Indians,
rninfornod by the Tories anti (lanadians had,
ittier cover of tin, storm, drawn In thtir ox
te'niied lints stin miasstsi their furies for an
insitaught on thu hood of Iiorkimt r'a uoiri n.
iunt thorn, its bifirtu, the wary old htro hail
diviniid thinm, tind answtorot their t movement
by unidling his whole foree up to tie iminl
iimatA sipptrt of the i4clohtarie men who
firinoi his vain. Tius thi battl, which, at
thn isgintit ing, ra.ngod aver severai hundr'ot
a4'risn, was uii'nludii upont about twenty rods
square of iround.
This was in m sharp ttnd of (Oriskany
cirtk, where the ground was fist aintit ivered
with hnavy timber aitrl thick ttndirbrush.
(nnorial li''rkirnor's horso had boon killed
and his own log drli'afutly shtatterod at the
knn', but his rmin were carrying him about
with his smwuinie fastoomd tt two poles, whith
they lorne nn thnir shouilors. In this titan
nor thi unflinching piitlriot commander, fast
blooding tA, dr'atih, inado ihis ihnal disposi
ItL wts nunary 0 in the aftirninon when Sir
uthn .dhitnsoin loih hiis 'Iiries fresh t/t the tn
set. 'Plny worn met at sihort range by that
rame blinding rifle volley that hal so as
toindudl Ihi Indians in tihe first fight, and
thrown into iisoririr. And here oucuti'ud an
one of the Hehoharie men, peering through
the smoke, reoognized the features of a form
er neighbor, now a Tory refugee; evidently
wound(led and trying to hide behind a small
log not more than three reds in front of him.
Raising the "Old Rebel Yell" of the period,
T'joicliff sprang forward, regardless of the
bullets that were spattering about him-to as
sist his old neighbor, you presume? Oh no! to
lift his hair, in memory of a murdered mother
and sisters at Cherry Valley! You know how
the mrovernent of an individual soldier will
sometimes decide the whole day, when it oc
curs in the nfek of the tight. Well, this
fierce leap of the young Hehoharie panther
upon his fallen foe decided the battle of
Oriskany; for aster hirr sprang the whole
Schoharie company and with them the entire
command, leaving their brave old general
helplessly propped up against a tree. "Let
'em go,' shouted Herkirner, ' dey're runnin'
de right vay!"
Hiuddenly hemmed in between the an
vancing settlers and a precipitous bank of the
creek where its bend was sharpest, some
eighty Tories surrendered. If you want to
find out how the prisoners fared you will
have to read English history or consult the
oldest inhabitant of the vicinage. None of
the American historiar s have thought it
worth while to write that these eighty Tories,
and perhaps thirty Indians mixed up with
them in the melee, were promptly shot,
brained or knifed on the spot, and
I don't see why our Lossing, or our Ban
croft, or our other historians should be so
squeamish. For my part, I am prouder of
that achievement than of any other feature of
the fight; and I am entitled to pride in the
premises, because I had a great-great-uncle in
the midst of it; I would give something to
know for a certainty that he took one of those
Tory scalps.
But there is a limit to human endurance,
and night fell over the scene. There was a
peculiar characteristic of all those frontier
fights: you never heard anything about "the
wounded" of the defeAted party.
"The wounded" were not recognized as
such, bitt invariably footed up with "Lth
killed." do we find that, out, of the thousand
fndlane and Tories who fought at Oriskanfy,
317 are reportol "killed," and the human
historian nuils that "the enemy evidently
carried ofT his wourtdl." Now, the propor
tion of wounded ti, killed is always four to
one, and frorn that, to greater, never to litv,
diparity. At; this ratio "the eoney," atword
lug to our huiiane hintiriton, tnettb have "(ar
rled ofl soniething like orr ''f. "his wound
il !' But here is a conflict, of figures, whiet
nothing hut, the factsti crn net tic, coi the factA
ai4e that,
rTHE VI fi'''rrru s ,l rnf t P T i f trrr I nf nfirtr ArefW
'milt Wutxin:,n.
Indlianti and Tories whorm they could Itnil on
the tilic; and fin my part 1 raise rrv hand
thir day un hnutirlrti yean rnd say, God hlow
th'rn for 'lung itt What, 1 cn't uonitetarut
is why tll our bhttorian4 so (li'ight in palnt
ing the cntrtitie, of the iBritich ited Studian,
o ni eo arefully hide from pout"mnty tt rtitil
Itiion ltht t. tiiwayo cine when ttn settlers gitf
thu ipptr rithit, lhwryh'oy Iii not like the
historiant, ie iray hie 'Iyuptptit, nervous and
afraid of baiu ulreaitn if hle writs fatts of this
sort. Ulut, tic, great r'tijority of every-day
folks liar) iatisfactiin in rcciiiug thitt, their
ftrefiiih'ni4 were not, the patitnt tond long tif
fering tttimaits the teotventittoral liictnriatn
woult have tie telihvyt they w 're; but that,, en
otio''4jin, their htandii were tia terrible, their
linivi's nit tshare, and, yea, their huarts as
flinty tic the eavniest of the too, Hutch, 1*
t,'iithli, they were. If they hail Jri, been t,
and if they haul bJun the mneek and lowly
laiiihls of
'ia i 'tNVierTuSIOAL IIInrturFAN,
we thonoid not now be celebrating any centen
nals. When cloth) we have a historian whi,
like T'ranit.ut. tuall lics to the majtsty of a
pnroper admiration for the atrocities of hkl
'tonittering eonmtrymen ? One such Wonld,
he worth all the piddling latnerofte of tri i ans
peins, who write iniocent tales for babes and
old women, making real humanity nick with
maoilin humanitarianiem.
The courage with which the settlers fought
at Oriskany may te estimiatil from theme
ftu'tc: %smr) of theim whipped luj)O of the tnemy,
inflicteld i loss upon him of at lt'ct I-l-, ati
itistained a logs of 274 thetselves, of whom
over 100 were killed or died of their wounds
lie mmeil lately.
'ite futMUUr OiF 'tie n 'ATirr
was to chlck Ht. Lm'ger's flank movement and
drive it bark to (Jewego, leaving Burgoyne
uticupported to confront the unbroken forces
of New York and Western New England, led
by Arnotd at Bemis Heights a montlhlatgr.
When i'urgoyne stuck his head out of tUs
woods at'-tiilwater he fully expetedr toae {
Mohawk Valley twenty-five mtiltes brlow i
mlaze of devantietion, with Mt. Lager marching
upon the ftlak and rear of Gates' amy. "The
brave general's heart sank within him," ta7
an 1Engisth hWteorils, "whew Indian irnuneit'e
told him at the headlif Lake George that Mt.
Leger hal been totally defeated at Oriskany,
anti his shattered cohumn thrown back upon
Lake Ontario."
Thf',re can be no doubt that the repulise of
Mt. Legnr's flanking column at Oriskany drl
'rit nATn o(r 'r'Jl rA MPAT(1.31 or 1777,
anti with It, to all human appearances, the
destiny of the rollnier. Ginn. Herklmer well
knew the strategical importance of his little
hattie in the woods, for Arnold had vividly
imnpresmed it uron him at theIr last lnttrtfew.
Youni must stop Mt. Lger," said Arnold to
Herkimer,eallinghim "Uncle Nick,"asevery
hotly did in the Mohawk Valley at that day.
" You must stop him at all hazards. We carn
whip Burgoyne single handed. hut if Mt.
Leger gets down into the Lower Mohawk anal
i Hhoharie settlements, killing and brrning
just as Burgoyne gets out of the woxls, our
militia will take a panic and won't be worth a
(1- d d-n I I tell you, Uncle Nick, It all dmo
p' tnds on your stopping Mt. Leger on the
Uppcr Mohawk."
"Veil." replied "'Uncle Nick," in his broad
)rut'mh way, "den I shfops'imn, ytyu pe hlutre of
dot, !'
none''IoM91lH~r r lefflf uncap lrn., fHULAh
had to do it with his own corpse. (den. H1r
k imer, as as you know, had his leg shattered
at the knee in the early part of the fight, so
badly that amputation alone could have saved
him. But there was no surgeon with hiscomr
mand who could perform an amputation. it
was not until twenty-four hours after his
wound that the (eneral could get attention and
then, as per the unwritten traditions of the Mo
kawk Valley, his limb was "cut off" by "a
horse doctor" who "took up the arteries with
a red hot wire!" And yet of such iron aend oak
was the old hero made, that he survived this
hoar ble treatment ten days and then died of
hemorrhage caused by the constant brgk ing
out of the arteries as the stump of Ms leg
suppurated. He was a
arid if you ever happen to be whirling along
the Central you can find passengers between
way-stations who will point out to you hisold
farm near the present village of Fort Plain.
New York has cherished his name in a
county; the county in which he lived, difle
and is buried. And now,I am told, New York
intends to further glorify him with
on this, spot, where he fought and fell. t4,
much for ()riskany. Ten days from now New
England will celebrate the Battle of Benning
tin, and fr',rr one end of the country to the
other there will be a shout and a cheer loud
enough to drown for another hundred
years all memory of modest Oriskany.
Anil yet mii litary men agree that with respect
to strategical importance Oriskany was a
much more significant event than. Benning
ton, for as much as that while Oriskany
checked a comprehensive flank movement
and deranged a whole system of strategy,
Bennington simply repuis d a foraging erx
pedition. But you know we isod to say
during the late war that while othcr Nortaern
States were sacrificing their sons by the
brigade, Massachusetts had the portrait. of
every one of her slain soldiers printed in
IHarper's Weekdy!
So it goes. There is nothing like Yankee
cheek. History is, after all, nothing but the
the prejudices of those who write it, and
Massachusetts has marzted to monopolize
the history of this country, A. C. B.
Go to Levy Brab'ra, 580 Magazine e'reek far
bargaunain d:y goods,

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