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THE NEW ORLE;ANS DAILY DEMOCRAT.
OFFICIAL, JOURNAL OF THE TATE OF LOUISIANA ADND OF THE CITY OF NEW ORLEANS. VOL. Il--NO. 236. NEW ORLEANS, TUESDAY, AUGUST 14, 1877. PRICE, FIVE CNT WAR NOTrES. The Rlusalnns will Glve Ip the Passes of Ihe Balkan lMontatlns. iess'inl to the Demoerat.l LONPON, Aug. I.--A Nea'ws orresp~mdeint states that (Ien. Dragomlroff is In Tirnova and not before Lovatz Prince Mlreky is entretehed before tBLlvi. After the ahotnonmeatof Kazoulik It seems doubtful whether the Balkan passes will con tinue to be held by the Russians. Terrible condition of Aflire at. lIskl Maghra. [(peoial to the Demoornt.l OONSoANTff' oorr , Aug. l.-Adviles from Hfra say that a civil war of extermination is being earried on at Eskl Haghra. All mantle Ohristians of the native population have hee. Smentencel to death by the Turkish (teneral. Karabuner Is crowded with fugitives. There Is only one well In the place and there are 1ix teen thouean troops tlgre. The woundld, icok and fugitives are perishing from thirst. Ueinforeeml nts For Mehemet All. ttpecoal to the Democrat.. L.Olm.PN, Aug. 13.-The Turkish troops ruom the Caucasus have reinforced Mehomet All and iulelman Pasha. The latter's army will be Increased to seventy thousand men. The Russians are retreating from Kalafor antl i ,alora. 'he Turks Ialrn a Hospltal. (1pecial to the Democrat.l PAn1ts, Aug. 13.--A telegram from (tabgova sayi reports have boon recoived there that thi Turks burned the hospital at Eski Baglhra. eontalnintg 00 sick. Turkey and England. [8pecial to the Demoorat.] (CONwTANTINOPIt, Aug. 18.-It is stated on good authority that the Turkish ambassador at London recently wrote to the Ports that he had reason to believe that the British gov ernment would shortly ask permission for their fleet to enter the Bosphorus on certain contingencIes for protection of the Chris tlansl and it is said the Porte replied that the fleet could only come as the avowed ally of Turkey; also, that this reply was withdrawn on the remonstrance of Layard, the British representative at Constantinople. The Atroclties Committed by Bushl Ba. zoake and Bulgarians. (Spectal to the Democrat.] LoNDoN. Aug.13.--A correspondent at Kara bunar writes that appalling accounts are re delved daily of the sufferings of fugitives from the districts devastated by the Bashi Baaouks and Bulgarians. Thousands of women and children are houseless and perish. ing for want of shelter and food. The Bul gerians are behaving much' in the same man nor as the Bashi Bazouks, and it will be Im possible for the Christians and Mohammedans to lve together again in the disturbed dis trate. The English officers write that the stories of Russian atrocities in Armenia are untrue. The Turkish regulars behaved well, but the Irregulars were guilty of atrocities past belief. Cholefa In the iunlaan Camp. LONDON, Aug. 18.-Tho Constantinople cor respondent of the Slandrd savys it is ru mored that cholera has appeared in the Rus sian camp. The weather to-day has broken. There are heavy and continuous rains. The natives say wet weather may be expected for a fortnight at this season, which must greatly conduce to the spread of sickness In the army. No Fighting for Three Weeks. LoNDON, Aug. 18.--The Standards' Bucha rest correspondent telegraphs: An eminent personage here bad an interview with the Grand 17uke Nicholas Thursday. The latter admitted that the troops were somewhat do moralized, and said there was no probability of a resumption of operations for three weeks,' when he would have received la rein forcement of 100,000 men. Greece In for War. LoNDON. Aug. 13.-The Newrs' Vienna cor resnondent telegraphs: Advices from Athens state that the departure of troops to the frontier continues amid much enthusilasm. The King will hold a review near the frontier at Larnia. Two Prussian generals have oben invited to command, but they declined. servia's Non-Intervention. LoNDON Aug. 13.-The Times' occasional Oorrespon(ent at Vienna speaks very positive ly relative to Servia's non-intervention in the immediate future. DOMESTIC NEWS. The Indian Trouble%. [Specilal to the Democrat] HELENA, Mont., Aug. 13.-A courier has just arrived from Gibbons' camp with dates to the 11th. He says that Giblons' supply train and camp were not captured. Howard had arrived and would pursue the Indians as soon as his command arrived. The Indians had disappeared, in which direc tion it is not yet known. The Big Hole Battle. [Special to the Democrat., CHncAoo, Aug. 13.--Gen. Gibbons reports from Big Hole Pass, AuRust 11, as follows: My loss in the battle of 9th was seven officers and fifty-three men killed and wounded. I am satisfied that the Indians suffered much more, for the surprise was complete, and many were killed in the Teppees or running out. Forty dead Indians were counted on about half the battle-field. Gen. Howard has just arrived, and I believe he can catch them again. As soon as his com mand arrives, and I can get the services of a doctor, I propose to move to Deer Lodge and take most of our wounded. I fear Lieut. English is mortally hurt. ST. PAUL, Minn., Aug. 11.-Gen. Sheridan, Chicago: A dispatch just received from Gen. Gibbons, dated Big Hole Pass, August 9, which says: We surprised the Nez Perces camp here this morning, and got possession of it aftera hard fight, in which both sides lost heavily. Capt. Logan and Lient. Bradley arp killed; myself, Cat. Williams and Lieuts. Coolidge, Wood and English wounded; the last seriously. A. H. TERRY Brigadier General Commanding. The Maine Administration Republlans. [Special to the Democrat.] POwrLAND, Me., Aug. 13.-A mass meeting .of Administration Republicans, to indorse (iov. Conner, has been suggest.d, and le tters are coming in from various parts of the StatAe renconmending it, but it Is said that if a ('on vention is held there will be a strong flove mont by the healing opponents of Blaine to nominate a candidate t. draw off votas from (tov. Conner. A nl I MortWaXe. Mpecirul to the Democrat.i SNrAw Y.u'R, Aug. 13:. It is announced on aunthority that the Dl)laware and Hudson Canal (,'onpany has enxti.eitel a mortgage for a hundred milltons of dollars upon their pro I prtly in Pennsylvania. The Joyee Habeans C.orpq Casme. tyerhiai to the Democrat.1 Sr. Iouris. Aug. 1.- The ha)eas corpus Rcse of Col. .lohin A. Joyce, formerly United States tRevenue Agent of this I)istrict, under (Gen. Johl McDl)onald, was clecidedl to-day at ,Jefferson ('Citbyby .ludg Kecklus, of the 1)Dis trict (:oturt. A dlscharng was granted Joyce on condition that he and his surety should enter into a ric ognizance iof a thotrsand dol lars to appeatr and answer any order of court which may be issuled In this or the Appellate Court. The assistant prosecuting attorney inirnedlat1ly filed papers on appeal to the United States Circuit (Cour\. Blaine's Vlews on the out hern anld Labor questions. BAI'rlMoiRE, Aug. 13.-A special to the alll tnimore Sun says: Mr. Blaine, in a letter to a friend in WashingtAn, expresses the appre hension that tlrte Southern policy of President Hayes will be lost sight of in the agitation of labor troulles. It conveys the impression that while he will endeavor to keep on top in the agitation of the labor question, he will take care not to abandon his line of action on the Southern question. MtspplDn the Mines. I SCRANTON, Aug. 13.--Two hundred and lity men stopped the pumD men In several mines in and about Carmondale, put out the fires, t and the mines are again looded. Crooked Whisky mults. ST. Lovis' Aug. 13. --Four more suits against distillers' bonds have boon entered in the United States Circuit Court by the gov ernment; one each against Richard B. Jones and Pat C. Murray gobvernment store-keep Sore, for $10 000, and two against It. W.W. lrhI, one for $t10 .,000 and the other for $50,000. All these whisky cases will come nlp at. the SeIp tomIber term. Loes of a Yacht. ('rrICAo'l. AOg. 13.--The yacht Pimlio tap siz1ed in It squall. Four persons were drowned. -----e--- CAPITAL NEWS. An Editor Cowhided. ISpwlal tc the Democrat.] WAsNHTNiTON, Aug. 1. --William J. Mur tigh, proprietor of the Naiional Republican, was cowhided this morning in front of his office by James R. Wheatley, of Harrodsburg, 1 Ky., on account of articles which appeared itn that paper reflecting upon his private charac ter. A Mexican Derislon. [Special to the Democrat.) WASTITNiTON, Aug. 1 3.-The Supreme Court of Mexico has decided that the legislative, executive arnd judicial powers are indepen dent, and that the functinns of one cannot be delegated or exercised by t1,h other. Butler to Lead the Labor Movement. WASHINOTON, Aug. 13.- Butler's intentions are to make the Southern question secondary to the workingmen's, whose champion he pro poses to be. Pay Your Washerwoman. WAsHUIN('rON Aug. 13.-The Treasury I)e partment has issued a circular that its emrn ploycs mIust pay their washorwomani , ietc. Comminlsponera to altting Buill. WAsInNoro.N Aug. 13.-The War D)epart moent designat-s (Gen. Crook, and tih Interior invites .Ilhn A. Welsh, of lPhiladelphin, to not as co((Imlssioner to Sitting Bull. The Preildent Will Pay Ills Fare. WAshIN(TrON, Aug. 13.-President, Hayes has determined that himself and suite shall pay their car fare oxecept when the party are in charge of a committee. MONEY AND STOCKS. [Speoial to the Democrat.] LONDON, Aug. 13.- Console for money 95 3-16; U. S. 5-20's, 1805, 1064 ; do 1867, 1006'%; 10-40's, 110%; new 5's 10.7%; 1Erif 9'%. Nxw YORK, Aug. 13.-G(old 105%; IT. H. 6's of 1881, 111%; do coupons 112'4; 5-20's of 1864, couipons, 1085 0108,V ; dio 1865, new issue, 106%@107; d(o 1867, 10 8.0tM3,%; do 1868 cou pons, 111%; 10-40's, 10.ia109%; do coupons 112%w.112%; currency O's, 124<; new 5's 10(lt% @1094. DOMESTIC MARKETS. [Special to the Democrat.] ST. LOUIs, Aug. 13.-Flour (lull and un changed. Wheat lower; No. 2 red $1 25% hid cash, No. 3 do $1 19% cash, $1 16., @1 17 Auust; 1 105-@1 11 September. Corn is lower; 40 @(40"% cash and August, 40%/41'4 Sop tember, 41%@41%,9 October. Oats lower; 25 bid cash; sales at 15'4@24%. Whisky quiet. Pork lower; 13@835 bid cash; sales at 1:1% September. Dry salt meat lower; clear ribs 6, cleAar 7; the latter delivered. Bacon lower; 5P.0@7%. Lard nominal. CINCeNNATI, Aug. 13.--Flour quiet. Wheat in lmoderate demand; white at $1 25Th1 35. Corn quiet, 474@49. Oats dull, 22 e 30. Whisky, $1 08. Pork nominal, $13 75. Lard quiet; steam, 5 '. Bulk meats dull, 57 7@ . Bacon [quiet, 5'48-8%. CHrICA.o, Aug. 13.-Pork quiet, $12 92;%@. 12 95 for September; $12 82%412 85 for Octo ber. Lard quiet, 8.55 for September. (okrn quiet. 43.".43?%; jAugust, 4' 2; Septembsp 4:3% cash. Wheat irregular and weak, $1 04. ; August. 97.4; September, I;%. FOREIGN MARKETS. LIVERPOOL, Aug. 13.-Uplands, Low Mid midling clause September and October deliv ery, 6 3-32d., Novemlbr and December 6.%d., new crop, shipped November and December, by sail, 6%. Sales American 8000; Middling Uplands, Low Middling clause, September delivery, 6 1-16d. RIVER NEWS. [Special to the Democrat.] MEmfPHis, Aug. 13.-Departed--Golden City, for New Orleans; Lotus No. 3, for Madisonh Indiana. Buy your" bugies and carriages from L. T. Maddax, 35 Carondelet street, near corner Gra vier. A bull fight on St. Shon's day in Orizaba broke ap with a iolliaion between the military and pulhe foroes. IPREPARING FOR TIHE FUTURE. PROG(RAMIME MAPPED OUT FOR THE h REORGANIZATION OF THE ARMY. All Under Pretext of the Maintenance of l Moelat Ortder. B(peolai Oorrespondenoe of the N. O. Demnerst.] Niw YoRa, August ii, 1577. In a rec9nt ileter, which the maw-wormrn of jolrnalismrr will undoubtedly denounce as "scnlational," I declared that a tremend(ous effort would next winter be madle by the com blnodl caipitalist forces and influences of the country to sreure an irnrerflat ilncrease of the regular army, "for the better mainte nance of social order and the more perfect security of person andl property," al)the af frlghted IIANKEItH AND IOtNDIOTOlDE|RS phrase It. This increase Is to be conslderable t enough to practically revolutionize our mi Ii tary system. If the design was merely to augment to say "a war fixoting" the force already organiiod; Involving perhaps the en listnrent of H800( now muon and thereby an aug melntation of the army to say 33,1)00 men, we might lkok upon the movement as temporary, the net result of a sa('ro or something of that. sort,. and there would he. nothing startling in tihe premirnsesm. Bult the programmen now under advisement and which will be develolpdl very sHrn after ICongr'oss is orgarnzed, contemplates no sl(lh I1ALhF-WAY MEAU111I1H2. I ant enabled by at curious freak of journalirs tic fortune, to give you what you will ulti mately discover tAo le an accurate outline of the plan of re-organization which has been resolved upon. You know our regular army at present con sists of ten r9giments of cavalry, liv eof artil lery and twenty-live of Infantry, besides engineers and tihe various staff corps. There is no Intention of augmenting these last named arms of the service, for that they are alreadty "cadreized" on a basis adequate to an army embracing two complete corps, or 75,000 men, in rolund numbers. The same in true of the general staff, tlh general field and the non-combatant depart Sments. The increase, thereofore, is to be wrought upon the strict LININ OF THE m IERVTf'E. As at present organized, each regiment of cavalry consists of twelve troops or six squadrons which are, by an arrangement pe a culiar to our service arranged in three bat tallons of four troops each, commandled by a major. The normal "peace footing" of our cavalry is sixty men to the troop, 240 to the "battallon" and 720 to the regiment; while the maximum is 1(13 to the troop, 412 to the "battalion" and 1236 to the regiment. The proposed plan of reorganization does not con template the formation of any new regiments, so that the number of full colonelcies will re main, as at present, ten. But the battalions are to be given a DJITIN.fltVI 01OANIZATION. as in the British army, raised to eight troops each Instead of foulr, anti commanded by a lieutenant colonel Instead of a major. The present plan of designating the troops of the regiment iy the letters of tile alphabet from A to L is to be abandoned and the troop designn tions are to be by battalion from A to H. Thus, instead of saying, as at present, "'"Troop A, B, etc., Sixth Cavalry," the now designation will be, "Troop A, B, etc., First, ' Second or Third Battalion, Sixth Regiment." Y Each of these new battalions of eight troops will be a unit of service, and the regimental organization will, in consefquence, lapse into a unit of admlnistration. FUll colonelcles will become, as In the British army, honorary cotnmis,ions to be 1hld by general officers, and the lieutenant colonel'ife of the bat talions will become the executive rank of the (comm l/lawls. THE NUMBlliR F MAJ.ORS. will priobtably bIe left as it is now, the increase of oill.iers being that each regiment will have three lileutelnant eolonl.Is as against one in the existing systeAm; twenty-four captains as against twelve, and forty-eight lieutenants as against twenty-four. The increase of rank and file will be, of course, just double the present forci, numerically speaking, but the substantial result will be to substitute thirty units of service having all the practical prop erties of regiments for the ten which now ox 1st. The experience of the British service is that for all the uses of a peace establishment; that is to say, police duty at home, in India and the Colonies, eight troops form the most available and every way the "handiest" unit of service. That the same rules would apply to our service cannot be questioned, for the business of our thirty battalions under the new regime would be almost exclusively a repressive or POLI('E DUTY, not at all dissimilar to that performed by the British cavalry in India. The regiment of twelve troops Is too large for a unit of service and too small for subxdivision. So far as I know ours is the only civilized army in which the cavalry unit of service contains more than eight captaincies. The reorganization of the artillery is to be In a substantially similar direction, though it is possible that, in view of our extended line of coast defense, two new regiments may be organized, to be mustered( specifically as "(OARRTSON ARTILLERY." The five regiments already in the service will retain their present organization of twelve batteries each, but the complement of each battery will be idcreased, and its arma ment raised from the six-gun to the eight gun formation, the additional guns to be Gatlings. This is one plan. Another plan is to reorganize the artillery completely, by making two of the existing regiments horse or flying artillery, arming them with Gat lings and mounting the cannoneers; retain ing the other three regiments in their present form of field artillery, and then recruiting two or more new regimental organizations for "garrison" purposes. THE INFANTRY REORGANIZATION will be effected, like that of the cavalry, on the basis of the existing regimental forma tions. At present each regiment of infantry has ten companies, of a normal peace strength of seventy-seven men and a war maximum of one hundred-though I believe there is prece dent for the recruitment of companies to one hundred and twenty. The actual strength of our infantry regiments has been for some, tirme conlsiderably below the normal peace footing; Indeed, many of the regiments have' been maintained at the minimum of rank and file over since 1569. The field and line oflicors of an Infantry regiment are: one colonel, onef lieutenant colonel, one major, ten captains and twenty lieutenants, andl the regiment is the unit of both administration and service. 'Thie' number of colonelcles will not be iereninsid. But TlmE rATTALtON SYSTEM of the British army will be adhopted, mnlillied only in mlinor particulars. It is propwosed toA estabilsh "Brigade depots," which will serve I for stations of instruction for three regiments I each, and where "depot battalions" are to be maintained, where recruits may be mustered and drilled, andl from which men may be draftned into the regular battalions, as the exi geoncies of the service' may require. Each regiment is ttr have two servlce battalions of ten olmpanies each ; or In other words, each of the old regimhnents is to be divested of its charactr as a UNIT OF EXErTITON, transformed into a unit of tradition and ad ministration, embracing two executive units or battalions of the same strength of the regiment as now established. At the same time provision is to be made for the addition of one or two new battalions to each regi ment, as the exigencies of the service may require, so that under the new regime the Inr fantry regiment will consist of two full bat talions of ten companies, each commanded by a lieutenant colonel, and complete in all its appointments as aservice unit; or, It may consist of four battalions. This is as brief space as Pen put the new programme into and give you a clear under standing of its scope. You observe that, In a word, it contemplates the abandonment of our present system-which is, in fact, obso lete--and the adoption of the new European system of execution, retaining the old forma tions only in name, for the sake of their tra ditions and for purposes of military adminis tration only. The resulting effect will be to very nearly DOUIILE THE PR.EHENT FOIWE, numerically, and to much more than double its effective capacity for the uses that the future may develop. I presume this programme will meet with some resistance, but I am confident that it will go through. It will be supported almost unanimously by the Repubilicans in both branches, and the lxmdholding Democrates from the North, of the Hewitt school, are very likely to manage in some way to "LET TlE DILL P'hAH," even if they do not actively promote it by voice and vote. It will be a strange commentary upon the mutability of human affairs if the first con siderable act of the "ongrss elected in our Centennial year should be to establish a standing army on the very model of that army against the oppression of whose bayo nets the fathers revoltrl a hundred years ago, The rallying cry will Ie "the maintenance of social order." Ah, well, that has been the slogan of three separate (')OU'PS D'ETATS in Franc.' within the last eighty years. It Is a gox(l phrase; but, it has been prostitutied to the basest ends of ambition, tyranny and cruelty oftener and more successfully than any other phrase in language. We are very likely to see it so prostituted again. In the meantime let labor gird up its loins and count the cost. Capital does not propose to be caught napping again with nothing between its helpless mnoney bags andl the fury of the mob EXCEPT ITARTEANFT'H MILITIA. A year from this time a mob of strikers will find themrsel ves confronted with a different ad versary from the one they encountered two weeks ago. J. Gould's nIewspaper in New York not, long ago remarked that in an ap- 1 peal to brute force beotw(.een ('lasses in I this country the fortunes of the day wouldl he with the class who hadl money to) hire soldiers! I shouldn't wonder if that remark was pretty near true. If it is true, why, then, the sooner the masses of the people are reduced to the slavery for which alone they are fit, the bet- 1 ter it will be for all parties concerned; and l the sooner we shall see that "maintenance of social order" which has been so often trans lated into such synonyms as "usurpation," "despotism" and "oppression." A. C. B. THE PITTMBURG COMMUNISTR ORGAN IZING. [Louisville Courier-Journal.] The Pittsburg Communists met Thurs day night and organized for the autumn political campaign, after singing their favorite air, "We'll hang Gen. Pearson on a sour apple tree." One of the speak ers thought they should demand of Con gress $10,000,000 to enable them to travel about and "buy fertile lands" upon which to settle. The speakers declared that "the politics of the world are to be convulsed, and a new political party is to lift the workingman from despair." It will be observed in this connection that the Pittsburg people have earnestly requested the general government to make Pittsburg a permanent military post. Palals Royal. Among the many changes to take place soon on the grand boulevard none will be more strik ing and more indicative of the good time to come than the swaying to the breeze the banners of the grand "Palais Royal." Our enterprising friend Levy, who has for so many years been the popu iar proprietor of the dollar store, No. 137 Canal street, seems to have had his faith shaken in re publican instituations and ideas, and is deter mined, with one fell swoop, to obliterate the name of dollar store forever. He is making prep arations for the opening of this elegant and gor geous establishment, and nothing will be spared in making it the most attractive place in the Southern country. Levy's dollar store is known throughout the whole South, and as it has been known for its promptness in filling orders and the polite attention of the clerks, and the place to get everything, so will the Palais Royal grow into popular favor, for we will see in the large and gilded signs that are to adorn the building evidences of a new era, a prosperity which we have longed for but never expected until the present time. TIHE VIRGINIA COrNVErTION. Repolntlonn Adopted by the Vlrgllnta Clon mervatlve Conventlon. ti [Olnotanstt Enquirer.] A RIcHMOND, Aug. 11. - Whereas, the good people of the State of Virginia, d represented by the Conservative party, 1 have been greatly concerned and agi tated by representations and misrepre sentations as to what would be the prob able action of this convention upon the subject of the State debt, and it has be come vitally important to the preserva- t tion of the integrity and harmony of the i party that an authoritative expression of opinion should be promulgated upon t that question; and . Whereas, the future welfare, power and prosperity of this commonwealth depends upon the continued existence t and cohesion of the Conservative party t of Virginia in convention assembled ; 1. While the Conservative party, true to the past glorious history of Virginia, and proud of her good name and fame among the nations of the earth, would scorn to repudiate her just obligations, and are resolved to preserve nviolate the public faith and credit, yet we can- I not but view with concern and anxiety the accumulation of our financial diifi culties and the increasing weight of our publil.debt; we therefore earnestly urge upon the legislative and executive branches of the government the import ance of using all just and honorable means of bringing about an adjustment of the obligations of the commonwealth which will bring the payment of inter est upon our indebtedness within the re sources of the State derived from the present rates of taxation and do equal justice to all classes of our creditors. 2. That every effort should be used by the legislative department of the State to reduce the expenditures of the gov - ernment and return to the methods of frugality economy and moderation practised by our forefathers, and ap proved by former generations of Vir ginians, even in the palmiest days of our prosperity. 3. That in the approaching election of members of the Legislature it is earnest ly recommended by the convention that the people shall elect their representa tives with a view to their wisdom and integrity, and their ability to deal with the difficulties represented by the finan cial situation of the commonwealth, t 4. That past experiences demonstrate t the great benefit resulting to the people of Virginia from an active, thorough and efficient conservative organization, representing the views and wishes of all classes and conditions. That in order to continue to enjoy such benefits and preserve that organization, and, by mu tual concessions, to settle all differences of opinion justly and fairly inside of the party 5. That we hereby ratify and reaffirm the vital principle of conservatism, as r embodied in the platforms of our party heretofore promulgated, and hereby de t clare our uncompromising opposition to radicalism in any and all of its forms and features. CONKLING AgIAINfr 5EEENRIAN. The New York senator Already PrepaCr Inw for thie Next Presldential Cam- I paign. [New York Oorrespondenct Philadelphis Ledger.J Nsw YORK, Aug. 7.-Senator Conkling is expected back from his brief Euro pean trip towards the close of this week. Rarely was any political leader more anxiously looked for by his fol lowers and friends. It is Napoleon coming back from Elba. Since he went away the President's policy, it is well known has made havoc with the "Conkling men" in the Custom-House, and he returns, therefore, to find his power and influence seriously threat- I ened. It must not be lost sight of that Mr. Conkling expects to be the next Republican candi date for the Presidency, and i in order to go into the national conven tion with a strong hand, he and his friends feel it is absolutely indispensa ble that he should continue to have his own State on his side. To this end he will leave no stone unturned to control the convention. He has already trans mitted to his most confidential friends particular instructions with reference to the primary elections for delegates, and the importance of securing the right men. None of the minor details I have been overlooked. Mr. Conkling is too astute a politician to openly break with the President, or even with the President's policy, at this time, and they who anticipate a condemnation of either in the State Convention, there fore, will be disappointed. The utmost that will be done will be to emphasize, in a shadowy way, the importance of maintaining Republican principles and "adhering to the patriotic policy that safely brought us through the perils of a civil war, and which has re-established peace and prosperity," etc. In looking forward to th3 future, it may be added that Mr. Conkling has no apprehensions of rivalry from Mr. Hayes, pledged as he is to the one term policy. His real antagonist is Secretary Sherman, or, what is all the same, Gen. Sherman. His friends openly charge that most of the recent removals from the Custom-House were inspired by the Secretary of the Treasury, and not by the President, with the express purpose of curtailing the Conkling influence in New York politics. This charge may or may not be true; but it is certain it is the key note to much of the "anti-Sherman talk" one is now accustomed to hear among the.Custom-House politicians al most every day, and which is likely to increase by the time the State Conven tion assembles. THE OCCUPATION OF CONSTANTI iNOPLE. The Relations Exlsting Between Eng land, Austrla and Russia. The Berlin Post has an article, be lieved to be inspired, discussing the probability of England sending a fleet to Constantinople, and the likely conse quences thereof. The Post says: "'hould England dispatch her fleet to Constantinople on account of Russia' advancing toward the Turkish capital, the peace of Russia would not be en dangered by the measure, but the sole advantage of it would be taken by Rus sia. The conquest of Constantinople wilt always be a hazardous and doubt ful undertaking for Russia, even if the city is solely dlefenlell by Turks. It will, however, be moreo rolhablo that tho Porte will not wait, for ttho slogo of the capital, but will conclue pI,'eace ait Adrianople. To prevent thl Ic paolJ ( Eng land may, perhaps, send hor fltft, to Constantinople, seeing no ot.hor ýxI dient to exercise her necesesry inl itnnco in the making of a treaty of p,+eac.". IRus sia will, however, take care not to, 'n counter England at Conet.:ntirnoplrI. The Russian government must ab.ltarin from making conquests in Euwroarn Turkey, not with regard to England, ,ut, to the rest of Europe. It will, noverth i less, at the beginning of the English oc. cupation at Constantinople proclaimn the independence of theO Christian popu lations of the Balkan peninsula, the Porto's rule having ceased, in Prussia's eyes, at the very moment when the con tre of the empire is occupied by a foreign power. Russia is perfectly aware that an Anglo-Turkish army would not be at all able to assume the offensive tgainst them in the Bal kans if the Turkish army now standing within the quadrilateral is surrounded or compelled to surrender. Russla can, therefore,organiree a new order of states in the Balkan peninsula, and then ex pect the power which might attempt to overthrow that order of things. The task of inducing England to leave Con stantinople she would leave to the powers which it concerns. Thus Eng land could indeed maintain Constanti nople, but would by it solely expedite the expulsion of the Turks from the Balkan peninsula. It there exist Eng lish politicians who think the dispatch of the fleet to the Bosphorus the best way to induce Austria to take action in favor of Turkey, they may be mistaken for, though Count Andrssy is said to have declared that Austria would never suffer the creation of new Slavo alan principalities, he has not stated that the best way to prevent such orea tions would he by the continuation of Turkey. He may at the proper time re-^ member that if Austria should under take the protectorship of the northern Balkans, Russia would not oppose such a step if she were permitted to take her indemnification in Asia Minor, which Austria could not refuse. This will be the course of events, according to the Post. if the English fleet appears at Constantinople. The future destiny of that capital will subsequently be fixed by a European Congress. for Europe' cannot agree to the position that Eng land or Russia is enabled to dispose of Constantinople at their discretion. THE WEATHER YESTERB AY. The following is the "temperature" at the various points named, as reported by the Signal Service telegrams furnished by Ser geant Brown, of the Signal Bureau, and Indi cating the state of the temperature at the points named, at 8 p. m. yesterday: Cairo 84 degrees Cincinnati 71, Galveston 91, Keokuk 77, Ladrosse 70, Leavenworth 77, Louisville 82, Memphis 86, Nashville 81, Omaha 73 Pittsburg 79, Shreveport 92 St. Louis 80, 1t. Paul 76, Vicksburg 90, Yankton (D. T.) 76 Augusta (Oa.) 92, Corsieana (Tex.) Bs, Mobile 92, Montgomery 92, Savannah 91, Noew Orleans 91, and Hey West 88. The following were the variations of tem perature, according to the thermometer (Fahrenheit) at Duhamel's store, on Canal street, yesterday: e6a. m., 76; 12 noon, 92; 3 p. m., 96; 6 p. m., ') and in the sun at 3 p. m. 140. --- --we · ---- A BATCH OP POLITICAL RUMIO@R. A Great Deal of PFiction, Prolably Sea soned with a Few Grains of Truth. [National Bepublican.] A tourist among the "boys" oLhe"Row"- not "Rum Row, but "New ser Row"- ascertained last evening that tie following political rumors had been set aflost by some nysterious somebody whom no "fella" could linrd out, and had been telegrapd all over the country: I. That Gen. John Cochrane is slated for the colleetorship of the New York custom house in place of Gen. Arthur. 2. That Senator Conkling, who returns homrn this week, intends io declare war against the admininstration if his modest ulti mnaturn, which consists of nothing more than the retirement of MessrJ. Evarts and Sehura from the Cabinet is not complied with. It is said that the author of this report enjoyed a pleasant interview with the Senator yestd8.r tdany in latitude 48 deg. 12 min. awl Irind rul,: 30 deg. 7 min., and cornrnnniat'-l it, to, I.i friend on the "Row" by rr:ea es of a Tearner pigeon. 3. That (eorg'V Williarn Curtis is to he a candidate for the I 'uitedl States Srenatorship from New York. t. 'l'hat, ivarts ha.' been snubbed on the Mexi' enr iua,tion, and that the modification of the order to G(en. (OrdI was done to give hirm to unde'rstand that the army is under the c,rnt rol of Gen. Sherman, and not of Secre tary Evarts, or President Hayes, who is no longer (Cornmander-in-chief. 5. That the next President of the United States will be either (en. Sherman or Secre tary .John Sherman. ;. Thlt President Hayes is not a candidate for a ,eeonul term, and is sorry that his first termr is not nearer its close than it is. 7. That there w, ll be an exciting session of Congress. H. That the resumption act will be repealed b v Congress, but vetoed by the President. 9. That the Texas Pacific will be successful in obtitning the subsidies asked for. 10. 'That the revelations of ex-Chief Special ,grnt, Moore will cause a rattling among ,olI bonsrl of the treasury. 12. That many leading men of both parties it r",,gly alvocq,atre several amendments to the ,'rron-tit.ion, so as to ,'.stablish a strong een tr"Il ov'rrnernt and a uniform system of ju I.1. 'I hat S:,.re:tary Sherman is adroitly lay ing hi- oil,. r',r the next Senlatorship from Ohio, 14. Tha,,t New York will go Democratic sure next fall, url'-: C(,>!leecto,r Arthur and his "gang" are swept fromi the control of the New York Custorm-ilone. 15. That the Aldminstr:tion i. ,entir'ly too slow in making foreign auppointui,'nts. 16. That President liay-s is nor, altogether a teetotaler, as many peoplei '.ippi. 17. That ex-Assistant Seretary ('"cro t will be recalled in the fall and plarcld in -1u a: o ,f an important bureau of the Treasury. A STRIKE IN CEICAGO. Ever since the riot there have been hold meetings of Bohemians, lumber-shovers and Communists in the Southwest Division of the city, to arrange fora .for an increase of pay and ~Aveera - Ay complete words een "U -words have B.n sd at sam g held last Monday it was ded to strike next Monday unle4e wages are raised. It is said that they will prevent other laborers from taking their places. $ e proprietors of the lumber yards are 1A likely to aecede tothe demands of the ts Maine is sfferiig from a drought.