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THE NEW ORLEANS DAILY DEMOCRAT.
OFFICIAL JOURNAL OF THE STATE OF LOUISIANA AND OF THE CITY OF NEW ORLEANS. VOL. II---NO. 233. NEW ORLEANS, TUESDAY, AUGUST 21, 1877. PRICE, FIVE CENTS. i In- - - - i- - -- - i- ·n I I III . - - I ... .. ........ DOIESTIC NEWS. A Gang of Forgers. [Special to the Democrat.] CHICAGO, Aug. 20.-A man named Stevens, alias Henderson, a man of wealth and respect ability, known here as a speculator in grain and stocks, was arrested yesterday near Oand Haven as the leader of a gang of forgers, who have been operating with sue cers throughout the country, having, it is es timated, swindled various banks out of mil lions of dollars. Among his accomplices, also under arrest, are Nelson A. Gesner, a wealthy man of Minnesota, and formerly member of the Legislature of that State, and one E. B. Weston, of this city, formerly a real estate agent. The Prelident's Tour. [Special to the Democrat.] WINDeOR, Vt., Aug. 20.-The President and party left at 8:30 a. m. for the White Moun tains. From Plymouth the party will go to Concord on Thursday morning on a special train, reaching there about noon the same day, where a levee will be given in honor of the President at the Opera House. The Pres ident will be in Washington on Saturday evening. Tod Mannaeks Eager to Fight the Nez Perees. (Special to the Democrat.] FORT HAiLr AoGEcY, Idaho, Aug. 20. Capt. Bainbridge, with a company of scouts enlisted from the Bannocks and Shoshones, left here yesterday to look after the hostiles camped at the Hole-in-the-Bock, about ninety miles north of here. According to accounts re ceived yesterday, the hostiles had possession of the station and would allow no one to pass either way. They told those who made an at tempt to pass to turn back, and they would not be molested. The telegraph line leyiown and strung in different directions. All the young Bannocks and Shoshones at this agency who could raise guns left this matning to fight the hostiles. The aaratoga Races. (Special to the Democrat.] SARATOGA, Aug. 20.-The first race for the of $800 for maiden three-year olds, uarters of a mile, was won by Eugene ,.. Robinson in 1:19. The Second race, purse of $300, one mile, was won by Madge. Time, 1:45/. b The third race for a purse of $850, one mile and a quarter, was won by Bombast in 2:15y,. The last race for a purse of $350, one mile and five furlongs, was won by Rappahan nook in 2:56. Elmbezlehena of Goverament Fands. (Special to the Demoorat.j RIORxoND, Aug. 20.--Deputy Collector Charles B. Vaden, charged with embezale meat of government funds, has been held in $6000 baulI He states that he lest the money gambling. New EgWland Aneestra' WAfLHIM'oN, Aug. 20.-A succession of pleasant incidents continue in the New Eng land proress. The entire Executive party, except iey, seem to have had maternal or ns source, and perhaps both, in Yankee When President Hryes claimed that he was the "get," some three generations removed. of a Puritan blacksmith, it is reported that the band played the "Anvil Chorus," from "II Trovatore." Probable Ditrlect Attorney for Alabama. WAsBrHmtr N, Aug. 20.-Parsons is the pro able District Attorney for Alabama. A Mextean Revolution Prevented. SAN FRAN.csco, Aug. 20.-Guayamas ad 0e of the 10th, report that Gen. Huerta has ized the late election as valid, and I as constitutional Governor. This w"'ill prevent revolution. WAR NOTES. A Fight With Mukhtar Pasha. [Special to the Democrat.] LONDON, Aug. 20.-On Saturday the Rus aians, numbering 35,000 infantry, ten regi ments of cavalry and 110 guns, attacked Mukhtar Pasha along the line extending from Magarajikh to Yokinlar. The fight com -menced at 7 o'clock a. m., and at 6 o'clock p. m. the Russians retreated in good order to their encampment, pursued by the Turks. th-e Ddelsive Battle of the War soon to be Fought. [8Sieclal to the Democrat.] LONDON, Aug. 20.-It is calculated that 1~0,000 men are now actually on mareh to re Inforce the Russian army, and that the next battle about Plevna is meant to be decisive; hence the delay for the sake of insuring suc _ess. Servia and Russia. [Special to the Democrat.I CONSTANTINOPLE, Aug. 20.-The Servian diplomatic agent here denies that troops have been sent to the frontier, and that Servia has kresolved to participate in the war, and declares -'that Servia has no knowledge of any intention k* the part of Russia to send an army through tIrvia I Greece's War Preparations. [8pecial to the Democrat.] LONDON, Aug. 20.-A telegram from Athens states that the Ministry have ordered the speedy fortification of the chief ports so as to Save them completed by the last of October. Similar orders have been issued respecting the preparation of men-of-war. Still no body in Athens believes in the immediate outbreak of war. ,er-anay Appeals to the Geneva Conven tion. [Secial to the Democrat.] BERLIN, Aug. 20.-Germany's representa tions to the Porte in reference to the atroci ties committed by the Turkish troops are hied on the Geneva Convention, which, to te German view, not only binds belligerents to observe its provisions toward each other, but gives to a neutral the right to insist on A- faithful observance. A Cavalry Expelitlon of the Russians. [Special to the Democrat.] .ONDON, Aug. 20.-The News' correspond Iat Stadeni, the headquarters of the Grand -e Nicholas, referring to the dispatch of IePourth Cavalry Division on an independ Sexpedtion for the purpose of stopping the 1 GLL - Turkish communication with Sophia by block ading Ochodik Pass, telegraphs as follows: It is felt here that this should have been done earlier, but if successful now it will still have a good result. In the event of a Turkish defeat at Plevna it would go far toward making it another Sedan. The expedition is obviously hazardous. The Turks Taking the Offensive. [Special to the Democrat.1 LONDoN, August 20.-The News' corre spondent says that the activity of the Turks at Plevna in sending out cavalry reconnois sances seems as though they had some inten tion of taking the offensive. The weather is now fine again and the roads are rapidly changing from mud to dust. The Turks AdvaneIng. [Special to the Democrat.l VIF.NNA, Aug. 20.-A (Galatz telegram re ports that 7000 Turkish or Egyptian troops, have disembarked at Sulina and are march ing to Taltzscha, which is weakly garrisoned. The Turks from Silistria are reported march ing against Tchernavoda, and the Russians hurrying to Ismail, where reinforcements are expected. The Montenegrins Before Niesles. (Special to the Democrat.] LONDON, Aug. 20.-Advices from Sara and Cettinge state that yesterday the Montene grins carried the last outwork of Nicsles and are pushing through the town toward the for tress. Strong Turkish reinforcements, estl mated at ten thousand, mostly irregulars, are hastening to relieve the besieged town. Five thousand Montenegrins have started In the direction of Restae to oppose the Turkish ddvances. Sulelman Pasha and Mehemet All Join Forces. LONDON, Aug. 20.-The Times' dispatch, dated Shumla, August 18, says: The junc tion of Suleiman Pasha with Mehemet All may be regarded as beyond doubt. FOREIGN NEWS. Crops in Indla. [Special to the Democrat.] LONDON, Aug. 20.-The Calcutta corres pondent of the Times telegraphs that the prospects for autumn crops in Southern India may be regarded as hopeless. The most crit ical condition of affairs is in Western, Central and Northern India. Crops are fairly good in Eastern India. Peace in Darfur. [Special to the Democrat.] ALEXANDRIA, Aug. 20.rThe reported sup pression of the insurrection in Darfur by Col. Gordon, without bloodshed, is confirmed from Maseowah. Col. Gordon is expected at Sennalt soon to negotiate peace with Abys Inia. The king has sent an amicable letter, consenting to an interview. A Panic at Corea. [Special to the Democrat.] LONDON, Aug. 20.-A dispatch from Corea reports a panic there. Two Turks having been murdered, their compatriots have armed themselves and demand revenge. The situa tion is considered critical. The German Cabinet on Russian Outrages. [Special to the Democrat.] BERLIN, Aug. 20.-The North German Ga sette confirms the report that the representa tions by the Turkish Ambassador of alleged Russian outrages have met with unfavorable reception from the German Cabinet. Death of a Doctor. s [Special to the Democrat.] PARIs, Aug. 20.-Dr. Henri Conneau, phy sician to the late Emperor Napoleon, is dead. MONEY AND STOCKS. [Special to the Democrat.] NEW YORK, Aug. 20.-Gold 105. U. S. 6's of 1881, 111%; do coupons 112%.~112%; new S4%'s coupons 108%; do 1865, new issue, no70 ; do 1867, 1099@109%; do 1868 coupons, 111.i 1 112; 10-40's, 109%@109%; do coupons, 112$(,< 1 113; currency 6's, 124%@125'%; new 5's, 109, LONDON, Aug. 10.-Consols for money 95 5-16; U. S. new 4%s 105%; do 1867, 1067~ 10-40's, 108%; new 5's 107%; /Erie 11: DOMESTIC MDARKETS. [Special to the Democrat.] ST. Louis, Aug. 20.-Flour very dull. Wheat lower; No. 2 red, $1 20 bid cash; No. 3 do, $1 14 cash, $1 13 for August, $1 04'1 05,% for September. Corn lower at 381V@38s% for cash, t 39f/@39. for September. Oats quiet, 25:1/ cas and October. Whisky firm at $1 009. Pork lower, $12 asked, $11 50 bid cash and August. Bulk meats, no sales. Bacon lower, 535 K@7 %. Lard nominal. CHICAGO, Aug. 20.-Corn steady, 411/@41/ September, 41%@41% October. W*heat O92, September 92% August. Dry salt meats, boxed, quiet and easier; shoulders 545%1, short ribs 6%, short clear 6%, long clear and short clear 6%@6%, long clear 6%. Pork steady, $12 20 September or October, $11 75 seller year. Lard steady and quiet, 8.7:% Sep tember, 8.12% October, 7.5 seller year. CINCINNATI, Aug. 20.-Flour quiet. Wheat lower to sell; white $1 20@1 30. Corn steady, S48(@50. Oats firm, 25@31. Whisky firm, $1 09. Pork nominal. Lard in fair demand, 8% bid. Bulk meats steady, 4.80@6%. Bacon steady. NEW YORK, Aug. 20.-Cotton easy; Uplands 11 7-16, Orleans 11 9-16, sales 5791 bales. Futures easy; August email@example.com, Septem ber 11.19tC11.21, October firstname.lastname@example.org, Novem ber 10.68(j10.72, December 10,email@example.com. Flour dull, buyers' favor; wheat, spot quiet and unchanged. Futures firmer; corn 1@2c lower; pork dull, $13 25@$13 30; lard heavy, steam firstname.lastname@example.org: spirits turpentine firm, 34 %; rosin firm, $1 85~i$1 921 for strained; freigihts FOREIGN MARKETS. -----__ LIVERPOOL, Aug. 20.-Uplands, Low Mid dling clause, August delivery, 5 31-32d; prime mess beef 95s@--; American lard 43s 6d; prime mess pork 52s; short clear middles 37s; Sales of American 4300; Uplands, Low Mid dlng clause, September and October delivery, 5 31-32d. MARINE. NEW YORK, Aug. 20.-Arrived: Alps, Som erset, Wisconsin. Arrived out: Gregario, Yna. Homeward: Francis Herbert, for Hampton Roads; Ranger, for Tybee; Octa via, for New Orleans. RIVER NEWS. [Special to the Democrat.] t MMaPms, Aug. 20.-Departed: Julia and Alice, for New Orleans. HARD TIMES IN THE NORTH. THE GENERAL BANKRUPTCY OF NORTHERN MERCHANrF AND CORPORATIONS. The South Appealed to to Aid Them In Tlding Over These Dfficeultles-The Impossibllity of Dolng This. [Special Oorrespondenoe N. O. Democrat. ] NEW YORK, Aug. 16, 1877. Some time ago, in a letter devoted to a re view of the hard times prevailing all over the North, I asserted that several of the staunch est insurance companies were amending their securities and reorganizing their systems of investment. This assertion, with others in the same letter, was roughly handled by sev eral Northern newspapers, which charged me with feeding the reading public of the South upon sensational trash, and with a design to appeal to sectional animosity by traducing the Northern community. In reply to all these critics I would respectfully offer the fol lowing, which I clip from the New York Times of to-day: THE CHARTER OAK LIFE INSURANCE COMPAPANY. [Special Dispatch to the New York Times.] HARTFORD, Conn., Aug. 15.-The Charter Oak Life Insurance Company, finding that its current income is not sufficient to meet maturing death claims and endowment and other payments falling due, has begun bor rowing on its Western mortgages. It has just negotiated a loan of $100,00o with the Connecticut Mutual Life Insurance Company, on mortgages on property located in Cincin nati, St. Louis, Toledo and Chicago. The Con necticut Mutual officers have had all the real estate covered by these mortgages examined and reappraised, and will loan not to exceed 50 per cent-of the appraisal, and not exceed ing 75 per cent of the amount of notes secured by the mortgages. As the negotiable se curities owned y the company are all hy pothecated, and its building in Hartford is mortgaged for $200,000 to the .Etna Life Com pany, the only resource left is to raise money on its mortgages. But it is hoped that thfs necessity will not long continue, and there is an expectation on the part of the managers of the company that it will not. It would de stroy all hopes of successful recuperation in the interest of policy-holders, as insurance men here look at it, should there be a long continuance in the disturbance of invested assets. This is simply a case which has passed be yond the power of the Northern press to con ceal, and so we discover the facts. But you must know that THE SYSTEMATIO POLICY OF THE NORTHERN PRESS is to conceal or ignore the true state of affairs in the hope of averting a panic. I must be permitted to say that this policy is as per nicious as has been the financial and commer cial practices that have, for years past, been leading to the present condition of things. If the situation here were merely the result of a temporary stagnation, or if it there was any rational ground for hope that it could be "tided over," the policy of whistlihg to keep the courage up would not be reprehensible But there is no ground for any such hope and my philosophy has always taught me to face the worst first and have done with it. There fore I shall continue to exhaust my facilities for advising the Southern people of the true state of affairs in the North, and shall counsel them to steer altogether clear of investing any money or risking any interests in any Northern Institu tions whatsoever until the existing condition of things shall have been rectified. Say what may be said about the wrongful ness of purveying to sectionalism, the fact stands and always will stand so long as cli mate affects the temperaments and charac ters of men, that the North and the South are divided upon lines of business method, social custom and industrial habit; whereby are produced distinctions and diversities, if not antagonisms of interest, which at best can only be mitigated by political unity and which are often aggravated by circumstances arising from that fact. Discussing this sub ject a day or two ago with an eminent finan cier, I was told that the two great sections should be mutually helpful to each other; my friend admitted the diversity of interests which I claimed to exist, but he said that they were local interests and subordinate to those of the nation at large, which regulated all local interests. So, said I, you would have Southern men go on insuring in Northern companies and sending their produce to Northern commis sion houses, would you, when you know that there is no telling what day the insurance companies may go into liquidation and the commission houses into bankruptcy, carrying with them the policies and balances of their Southern patrons ? e Certainly, he replied; do not try to stop the wheels of business. Large consignments of cotton, sugar and rice may save many a com mission house that wvould otherwise go un der, and active business in the South this fall may rescue many an insurance company, which the stagnation in business and the col lapse of securities in the North might other wise force into liquidation. I rejoined that this would be sound reason ing but for the all-important fact that THE BANKRUPTC( OF THE NORTH was past all help; that it proceeded from rad ical causes, and hence was incurable by super ficial remedies; that it was the natural and inevitable result of spending ten dollars for every eight earned or produced; that there was no way out of the present situation ex cept through the general bankrupt law, and that sooner or later the whole Northern com munity must go into bankruptcy, settle up its debts at ten, twenty-five or fifty cents on the dollar, as the case might be, wipe out the old accounts, abandon the old scale of doing busi ness and of living, take a new start, practice economy, be virtuous, and thus ultimately be happy. Holding to these as fixed opinions, founded upon the calmest and most dispas sionate observation, I assured my friend that I should strenuously advise the Southern people to deal with the North strictly for cash and to ESCHEW ALL NORTHERN CREDITS AND SECURI TIES; in short, to withdraw all confidence in the North and let the great bubble blown up in this section by the war and its attendant cir cumstances collapse as soon as it would-and the sooner the better. I assured my friend also that I enjoyed perhaps the best facilities I now possessed by any Northern writer for i reaching the Southern people, and that I should use them to the utmost. I deem it the strict duty of every Southern editor to advise his readers of the hollowness and rottenness of all the financial and com mercial institutions of the North; that they may not be led to embark any of the effects they have saved from the rapine of carpet baggery or any of the profits that may accrue from their lately liberated industries, in the sinking fortunes of the North; which inflated itself to bursting in the madness of exulting conquest whereof they were the victims. I can go to-morrow and buy the first mort gage bonds of a railroad, which is the short est line from New York city to the great lakes, for thirty-five cents on the dollar ! Within two weeks I have seen IMPROVED REAL ESTATE which four years ago cost $60,000, sold for $1%c.00-aand when I say "cost $80,000" I mean that that was the price of the bricks and mortar and the labor that joined them in an edifice; I leave the ground and its real or supposed value out of the question utterly. I could fill this page of the DEMOCRAT with an abstract of mortgages which could not be realized upon to-day for sixty per cent of their face, and which were taken within the last six years at seventy-five per cent of the ratable value of the property, without going off Broadway in this city; and you know that real estate fluctuates less upon Broadway than on any other thoroughfare in the United States! Within two weeks I have seen a first mort gage of $80,000 on Dearborn street property in Chicago, refused as colatteral security for a loan of $22,000 and subseqnently sold for $20,000 cash! Something like five years ago a friend of mine invested $40,000 in an elegant residence in one of the interior towns of this State. He laid out $25,000 in embellishing it and improv ing his grounds. Two years ago he mort gaged it for $15,000 to "tide over" a rough deal in his business. Last year he put a second mortgage for $6000 on it, to "tide" a little further. And week before last the sheriff fihished up the "tiding" process by knocking the property down to the holder of the first mortgage for its face. I asked the holder of the second mortgage why he did not bid it in and save his $6000. His reply was to the point: "I'd rather lose $6000 than $10,000 !" he said. To got the property he would have had to pay the face of the first mortgage in cash, which would have made the preperty cost him $21,000. But he assured me that it was not actuallyworth, at ruling-prices, above $10,000 or $11,000, because it "belonged to A CLASS OF PROPERTY ALREADY TOO PLENTY FOR TEE GOOD OF THE COUNTRY." That is to say, elegant residences which no one is able to buy, and which cannot be rent ed at suitable rates to proper persons. I might add that my friend's bankruptcy was superinduced by over confidence in his fellow men, and hastened by the refusal of his family, or, rather, the "young lady" portion thereof, to make their style of living conform to their rapidly declining fortunes after the panic of '78. I saw one of the girls the day of the sale. She was chiefly grieved because she had been suddenly called home from New port, where she "was just having the most splendid time of the season !" Crusty old bachelors like myself, or my valued friend the head of the proprietorship of the DEMOCRAT, might observe that a com munity which breeds a race of women where of the "above girl" is a fair sample, does not deserve any better luck. It is not pleasant to write these things, but they are solemn facts. and I think the readers of the DEMOCRAT are entitled to full knowl edge of them. I shall be satisfied, and rest in the serene consciousness of duty performed, if what I have written shall be the means of causing one Southern man to halt and desist from any contemplated involvement of him self and his possessions in any hollow insti tution of Northern trade or finance. I notice that the Northern newspapers, commenting on the situation, lay stress on THE STIFFNESS OF GOVERNMENT BONDS, even at the low rates of interest current in the new series; instancing that fact as an in dication that the times are not so bad as they seem to be! Great God! is such talk the gib bering of idiots, or is it the device of knaves to conceal facts and delude the public? I sus pect it is the latter; for surely no such idiot could be at the head of a newspaper as a man unable to comprehend that the inquiry for government bonds at four per cent is due to the fact that there is NO OTHER SECURITY REALLY SAFE TO TOUCH at any price or any rate of interest. Let us look at the facts: The Treasury officials re port a demand for these bonds in small quan titles vastly beyond their wildest expecta tations. Well, upon examination I find that the bulk of this demand is by executors, trus tees of funds, guardians, etc., etc., who are under bonds for the proper management of express trusts. If anything on the face of the earth is "a security," strictly speaking, it is a United States bond; so that the unex ampled call for them at any rate of interest, so far from being an indication that the times are not as bad as they seem, is a most appall ing symptom of times that are harder than the superficial observer can comprehend. I have a particular object in view in im pressing these facts upon the Southern mind. I have observed that, despite the ravages of the war and the subsequent depredations of the carpet-bag and nigger regime, now hap pily extinct, root and branch, there is yet A GOOD DEAL OF WEALTH IN THE SOUTH. It is not piled up in heaps as at the North, but is distributed in small parcelsover a large area and among a great many individuals. It is the result, not of lucky speculation, but of earnest application and close economy during a period of rapine, fraud and oppres sion that would have maddened or disheart ened any people less elastic, good natured and hopeful than the Southern peopie. As such it has a double value, because it may be called I the wages of great tribulation. Lately the hopes and aspirations of the Southern people have been astonishingly promoted by politi al occurrences in their favor, and I know them too well not to realize that their prover ial generosity and confidence in the honor )f others has been quickened by what they nostly regard as an act of "magnanimity" or i dindness on the part of the North. They are t apt, therefore, to listen to the appeals to their I [ generosity that will undoubtedly be made from the North for the support of Northern enterprises and investment in Northern un dertakings. Let the people of the South be. ware of all of these as wholly bankrupt; they will only sink what little money they possess Sin them. Let the South steer clear of the general bankruptcy threatening the North. A. C. B. A BUREAU OF INDURTRY. The Bureau Created by the Last Ohio Legislature. [Cincinnati Commercial.] COLUMBUS, Aug. 13.-The Cleveland Convention resolved that "We recom mend, first, that Congress establish a National Bureau of Industry." The project "recommended" is not novel. It has been a favorite for some years with organizations formed for the discussion of what is known as "the la bor problem." Not only this, but the project has been adopted by several States as a part of their local system of gathering and disseminating statisti cal information. Massachusetts and Pennsylvania have each a "Bureau of Industry," and a recent report from the Pennsylvania office is before me. It is a heavy volume of over a thousand pages, consisting in great part of st'atis tics of various industries in Ithe com monwealth-not so well digested and not so systematically arranged as the census reports issued by the national government. It is also lacking in that feature which gives the chief value to statistics--comparison. The "labor reformers" in Ohio had a Representrtive in the last Legislature in the person of Mr. John Fehrenbatch, of Cleveland. Mr. Fehrenbatch introduced a bill to create a bureau of labor, with headquarters in the State-House, and it was passed and on the very last night of the session became a law. Mr. Stan ley Matthews, the author of the resolu tion adopted by the Republican State Convention, might, if he had thought of it, have "pointed proudly to the fact" in the platform style of literature-that a Republican Legislature in this State had listened to the cry of labor reform ers, and given them a bureau-a con venient piece of furniture wherein to file all their grievances for the paternal eye of the State government, so to speak. When the Bureau Bill passed the ap propriation bills were already through, and so no one noticed that no appropri ation had been made for the salary of a laborer in the bureau. Gov. Young took counsel of the friends of the meas ure, and sent into the Senate the ap pointment of Mr. H. J. Walls, of Cin cinnati, as commissioner, and the ap pointment was unanimously confirmed. Pending the question of advising and consenting to the appointment, Senator Ransom gave Mr. Walls a flattering in dorsement to the Senate, saying that the latter was in no sense a politician, not always voting the same ticket, but a student of the questions involved in various departments of labor, and one who, as editor of a journal devoted to the discussion of such questions, had achieved something already in the di rection to which his proposed official work pointed. Your correspondent interviewed Mr. - Walls recently, at his office in the State t House, for the purpose of ascertaining what he thought of the labor plank in the Republican platform, and also what progress the Ohio commissioner was making. "I regard the proposed bureau in - Washington," said Mr. Watts, "not as t some of the papers seem to think we look upon it-not as a means by which the government shall take charge of any of the industries of the country and run them or anything of that sort. Its value will be to labor that of an indicator just as the weather indications are of value." r "How is it to help the laborer thus?" "It will disseminate information as to what places are crowded already with laborers in any department; it will show at what centres the markets of labor are glutted; it will tend to bring about an equalization of the distribution of la borers, and will prevent this rush upon particular labor centres which causes so much trouble." "Have you collected any facts yet that are of interest for publication?" "We have not been at work long enough for that. A large number of blanks have been sent out, and we are sending them out now for the purpose of collecting statistics." "When you get them I don't see how you can expect to reach the majority of the people. This Pennsylvania volume, for instance-the State will hardly go into the printing business to the extent of circulating such a volume as this to "That isn't needed. The greatest ad vantage will come through the circula tion of facts gathered here by the pub lic press. The facts alone are less im portant than the comparison of facts which an intelligent officer may em body in his reports." As showing the scope cf the work un dertaken in his office, Mr. Walls hand ed us copies of four circulars which he sends out to the various centres of in dustrial occupation. The first of these is a general blank for employers. It contains thirty-four questions, covering the name of the firm or company, loca tion, article manufactured, number em ployed and classidcation of employes; number of weeks establishment was run full time or half time; number run in 1872, reduction of wages during the year 1872, etc. HOW TO GET THE TEXAS CATTLE TRADE. [Shreveport Times.] Capt. Jas. E. Phelps, who has been traveling in Texas for some time past in the interest of the Red River Transpor tation Company. returned home from t San Antonio. The captain's health, we I are pleased to state, has greatly im- I proved within the last few months. 1 Capt. Phelps states that if the wash I around the dam at Tone's bayou was closed it would be worth over $125,000 to t this place during the balanse of this season, as the entire cattle trade of I Western Texas and shipment of grain t has been turned this way. At the Theatre Francais, last month, t the Duc de Broglie had to draw back in C his box to avoid the hostile demonstra tions of the pit as soon as he showed t himself. v COLONIZATION FOR WORaINQEIIrN. [Missouri Bepaublian.] Twenty-five workingmen in Balti more have organized themselves into an association for the purpose of re moving to Kansas and settling in that State as a colony. They are generally mechanics and railroad men, the leader being a plasterer, who was raised on a farm and supposed, therefore, to know something about what the colonists will need in their new home. All have families except one. They propose to settle near Kingsley station in Ed wards county, Kansas., on the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe rail road, where they will buy land enough for a small farm for each family. Some of the party are ex soldiers and entitled to 100 acres of land; the others will be content with small tracts of ten, twenty or forty acres until they are able to buy more. In explanation of their enterprise they say there are too mary workingmen in the cities to make a living on the limit ed amount of work which the depressed industries afford, and it is clearly im possible for.the city authorities to pro vide employment for the increasing number of idle persons claiming assist ance. They, therefore, propose to leave the city and go where they can earn their own bread by tilling the soil. Here is an example that ought to have ten thousand imitations. In every city in the Union where trade work is scarce the unemployed workingmen ought to organize themselves into colonies by kinsmen or acqliantances and seek the soil as the source of a living. As a rule they would migrate to the West, but this is not necessary; there are cheap and desirable lands in Virginia and North Carolina, Louisiana Arkansas and other S outhern States, and there are good lands in Southeastern and Southwestern Missouri which might be preferable to the government lands in the remote West, since these States are more accessible than Kansas Ne braska or Colorado and possess advan tages in the shape of schools, churches and markets that the distant states do not. There is little prospect of any im provement of trade and industry that will give employment to the thousands of idle persons thronging the cities. The depression has lasted three years and will last probably as much longer, and even when a restoration of business comes it will be marked by low wages. It is not advisable, therefore, for idle workingmen to wait for better times far better for those who possess a little means to organize communities in imitation of the Baltimore example and seek a livelihood in the cultivation of the soil. It will seeure them an humble independence, plase them beyond the imagined necessity and undeniable hardship of strikes and rescue their children from the poverty which is the lot of lpboring men s children in cities in times like the present. The following, from the Pittsburg Commercial and Gazette, will doubtless be read with considerable zest by those who indulge in coal here: OThe mans e of Capt. B. D. Wood, of New Orleans, to~s Emma Phillips, of this city, t took place last evening at the residence of Sthe bride's brother-in-law, Mr. W. R. Boggs in Allegheny. The ceremony was performed Iy Rev. L. H. Long, of Ohio, in the presence o a large number of invited guests, cons!mt Sing mainly of the immediate relatives of both I families. The presents were numerous and l elegant: Capt. John A. Wood, a silver tea Sset; Capt. James O. Wood a complete set of 1 silver spoons and forks; dapt. James B. Enads, fine set of pearl-handled knives; Mrs. Sam uel L. Wood, a silver waiter set; Prof. D. D. Wood, an elegant morocco-bound Bible. A magnificent supper was provided, of which the guests partook with a zest that indicated due appreciation, and the occasion altogether was most pleasant and agreeable, and will long be remembered by those who were pres ent. --- -€.q.._. OHIO'S ANTI-HAIBa REPUBLICAN PARTY. Gen. Beatty In Receipt of Letters Extend. ing Encouragement. [N. Y. Tribune.] CoLUMBUS, Aug. 15.-The Anti-Hayes Republican Committee are in receipt of a vast number of letters from nearly' every county in the State commending the movement begun here one week ago. Several of the letters are from men here tofore active workers in the Republican ranks, who stood prominent in their counties. Stanley Matthews seems to be the most severely censured after President Hayes. One correspondent denounced Judge West as a Communist, and asked if it is a crime for a man to own a government bond. He added, "Does the State of Ohio want a dreamer for its Governor ?" Gen. Beatty is enthusiastic over what he considers the success of the revolt. He states that he is informed by temperance peo ple that the Prohibition ticket will re ceive a larger vote this year than ever before; that heretofore, where principle was at stake, the party had cast their vote nearly solid for the Republican can didates, but now they have no reason for doing so. The General is firm in the conviction that at least twenty thousand Republicans in Ohio will refuse to vote the State ticket. He says the Republi can party in this State is sadly demoral ized; that never before in its history did its candidatelfor Governor put himself and party on the defensive from the first by utterances which must be ex plained and smoothed over. He says also that while the workingmen's movement may take some votes from the Democracy, it will in no way help the Republicans. Under J. G. Thomp son the Democracy will make the cam paign an aggressive one. Passengers on the train last evening the 13th inst., report the killing Sunday night, in San Antonio, of C. J. Woodson, formerly of Montgomery, by Sam Lum p kin. Woodson killed a brother of Lumpkin's in Chattanooga last March and fled to this State, where he was tracked by the murdered man's brother with the above fatal result. Woodson, it is said, has relatives living at Willis at this time.-f-Houston Age. Work was suspended at the Charles town (Mass.) navy yard on Friday be cause of the heat. Buy yoar buggies and carriages from L T. Haddx, 35 Carondelet street, near corner Gr vi-r