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THE NE W ORLEANS DAILY DJM tAOCRAT.
OFFICIAL JOURNAL OF THE STATE OF LOUISIANA AND OF THE CITY OF. NEW ORLEANS. VOL. II---NO. 243. NEW ORLEANS, FRIDAY, AUGUST 31, 1877. PRICE, FIVE CENTS. VOL.II--NO.243., , " DOMESTIC NEWS. The Chicago and Rock Island Railroad I Accident. [Special to the Democrat.] DEr MoINEs, Iowa, Aug. 30.--The total number of deaths by the railroad accident yesterday foots up twenty. Most of the killed were in the car in front of the sleeper. The scene at the time of the accident is described as terrific. .otoRaln was falling in torrents, accompanied mty wind, lightning and violent thunder. A .,,,rash put out the lights, and a scene of terror ensued. One mother was killed sitting be tween two children, who escaped unhurt. About twenty-five wounded have been brought to this city. Brigham Young's Death. [Special to the Democrat.] HALT LAKE, Aug. 30.--Brigham Young died at 4 p. m. yesterday. Death of Admiral Raphael Semmes. (Special to the Democrat-) MonxIL, Aug. 30. -- Admiral Raphael iemmes died at 7 a. m. to-day, at Point Clear. After the Nez Perces. [Speolal to the Demoor it.) OMAHA, Aug. 80.-Gen. Wesley Merritt has been ordered to take command of a column of cavalry of about ten companies and to rendezvous at Camp Brown, in the Wind river valley, whence they will proceed north ward to the Nez Perces' trail. Gen. Forret's Condition. MSMl mas, Aug. 30.--The latest advices from Blly Springs, Ala., state that Gon. Forrest's eosiltitn is somewhat improved, but Is still very critical. The Pittsburg Riot Losses. [8Special to the Denmocrat.] I~LADELPl1A, Aug. 80.-The merchants, auffering a loss of freight at Plttsburg during the late riots, hold a melting to-day and ap pointed a committee to confer with the Penn sylvania Railroad Company with power to make such terms as they may deem advisable for the prosecution of suits in connection with the. railroad company against Allegheny county, provided the railroad company would furlish claimants with a guarantee for the payment of losses within a period of two years. The Saratoga Races. Specianl to the Democrat.) SAtRATo A, Aug. 80.-The first race to-day, for a purse of $250, two-year olds, five fur longs, was won 'by McDaniel's War Dance, flly. Time, 1:04%. The second race, for a purse of $850, free handicap for three-year olds, one mile and a quarter, was won by Bradamante. Time, sa184. The third race, for a purse of $850, for all ages, one mile and a quarter, was won by Rhadamanthus. Time, 2:13. Selling race, mile dash, was won by Queens town in 1:44. The free handicap hurdle was won by Kelso. Bold Tramps. [Special to the Democrat.) BALTIMORE, Aug. 80.-At a late hour last night a number of masked tramps entered the telegraph office at the junction, tied and gagged the operator and robbed him of his watch and pocket-book, and carried away $everything portable in the office. The opera tor got loose and telegraphed the occurrence to the president of the street station. Officers were immediately sent out and succeeded in arresting the tramps, with the stolen articles on their persons. The Chicago Banks. [Special to the Democrat.] CHIcAGO, Aug. 30.-Beyond a small run on the Fidelity and some other of the savings banks, there was no unusual stir in banking circles to-day. None of the officers of the State Savings Bank have yet turned up. S. L. Davenport Dangerously III. [Rpecial to the Denuocrat.) CANTON, Penn., Aug. 30.-E. L. Davenport, actor, is dangerously ill here. This morning his doctor pronounced his condition exceed ingly critical, although not without hopes. Another Railroad Accident. [Special to the Democrat.) SALEM, Mass., Aug. 30.-Last evening as the Lowell train was running down the Penn sylvania pier it struck a group of five persons, killing Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Swazey and Miss Rachel Gifford, sister of Mrs. Swazey, and in juring two others. Base Ball. LOWELL, Mass., Aug. 29.-Lowells 7, Louis villes 8. AUBUs N, Aug. 29.-Fourteen innings-Au burns 8, Syracuse Stars 9. BOSTON, Aug. 29.-Game called at the end of the fourth inning, on account of rain. Score: Bostons 6, Cincinnatis 1. WAR NOTES. Turkey Will Depose Prince Milan. (Special to the Democrat.] F LONDON, Aug. 30.--Twenty thousand Turk ish troops are tobe concentrated on the Timok frontier of Servia. The Porte has resolved to depoae Prince Milan if Servia begins the war, and to appoint a Turkish governor over that principality. servia Will Try War. BELGRADE, Aug. 30. -Pontoons and bridge materials are at Morava and Timok rivers and Kladova, and many engineer ofi Vers have left for the frontier, and eight battalions of regulars also leave for the frontier. The Roumanians Cross the Danube. [Special to the Demecrat.] LONDON, Aug. 30.-A whole division of the SRoumanians have crossed at Keravia, to be followed by twenty others, together with Pince Charles himself. The Russian Impe rial guard have arrived in Roumania. The Coming Battle at Plevna. [Special to the De nocrat.J LONDON, Aug. 30.-The Times military cor respondent at Bucharest telegraphs that for the moment all interest has concentrated it self again on Plovna. where Osman Pasha is strongly reinforced by men from Sulciman Pasha, and guns from Widdin. He is now Eredited with two hundred guns and is about to make good defense, but if defeated the Turkish loss will be irreparable in the face of an immensely superior Russian cavalry Osman Pasha's defeat would moreover imme diately give the Russian force enough, even without the coming Guards, to push again over the Balkans. Turkish Reinfreements Pouring In. [Special to the Demnoerat.] LoNDON, Aug.i30.-An Adrianople dispatch, dated 1 o'clock this morning, says thattroops are pouring to the front at the rate of 5000 per day. Large numbers of Albanian volunteers are arriving to join Suleiman Pasha. They have exchanged their old guns for Henry rifles. No decisive action will take place at Schipka Pass until the arrival of reinforce ments on one or the other sides. Bebrava has been burned by irregulars from Rasgrad. The Taking of Sehipka Pass Hopeless. LONDON, Aug. 30.-The Daily News Vienna dispatch, dated Wednesday night, says: A telegram from the seat of war states that Suleiman Pasha considers the taking of the Russian position of the Schipka Pass front hopeless, and will merely construct fortified camps in the villages of Schipka and Hainko, and cross the Balkans through other passes northward. The Rnssians at sehipka Pass. LONDON Aug. 30.-A special to the Paris Temnps, dated Gornystuden, Alug. 28, says: Gen. Nepokoitschitzky, chief of the Rus sian staff, who visited Schipka Pass to ascer tain the condition of the troops, reports that they are well supplied with provisions and very determined. The Turks are getting wearied. Several thousand unburied dead cause an unbearable stench aroand the hill. Considerable reinforcements arrivei at Ga brova on Sunday. The correspondeht esti mates the Russian garrison in the pass at thirty battalions. The Crossingr of the Roumanlans. LONoON, Aug. 30.-The Vienna correspond ent of the Times telegraphs: The Roumanian bridge at Karabla was ready on the 25th, when whole division crossed. Two others have l'obably crossed by this time, together with the Prince himself, who assisted at the operations from the beginning. Whatever may be thought of the value of Roumanian troops, the appearance of 25,000 men in flank and rear of the position of Plevna must be very awkward to the Turks; above all, as they may soon expect to be attacked likewise by a powerful force in front. From the spot where the Roumanian. have crossed a tolera bly fair road leads ak ng the right bank of the Icker, and strikes near Aylzie in the rear of Plevna, on the great road by Orchari to Sophia, which is now Osman Pashas line of communication. Trouble in Crete. [Special to the Demooratt PABIs, Aug. 80.--Advices from Athens state that two thousand Italians have offered their services to the Greek army in Crete. The agitation continues. Five hundred Christian families have asked permission to leave the island, but the Governor has refused their re quest. FOREIGN NEWS. A Me.al. [Special to the Democrat.) PARIS, Aug. 30.-President MacMahon has lisued a decree conferring the gold medal upon Lieut. Fozier, commander of the Amer ican steamer Pix, for saving the French ship Peabody in the Mississippi river. Cotton splnning. LONDON, Aug. 30.-Owing to the depression in the cotton trade, it has been decided to close the Mineatone Cotton Mill, which em ploys over 500 operatives. MONEY AND STOCKS. [Special to the Democrat.] NzW YORK, Aug. 30.-Gold 104%. U. S. 6's of 1881, email@example.com; do. coupons 111%@111%; new 4%'s 106%; coupons 108; 5-20's of 1865, new issue, 106%@106%; do. 1867, 108%r. 108%; do. 1868, coupons, 111; 10-40's 108%.; do. cou pons, 112%; currency 6's, 123%@124; new 5's, IhONDON, Auq. 30.-Consols for money 95 1-10; new 4%s, 105.:- 67's, 1071H; 10-40's, 108%; new 5's, 107 %; Erie, 11. DOMESTIC MARKETS. [Special to the Democrat.] ST. Louis, Aug. 30.-Flour unchanged. Wheat-medium grades higher; No. 3 red $1 22% cash; $1 10%@1 10 September; $1 09% October; No. 4 red $1 03 cash. Corn higher, 38.'.38/ cash; 38)%39I September; 40%(18 403 October. Oats lower 25 bid; 25%125% September. Whisky steady, $1 09. Pork un changed; jobbing at $12 75. Bulk meats are held firmly and nothing doing. Bacon higher, 5/@8. Lard nominal. CHICAGo, Aug. 30.-Wheat steady; 99% September; car lots No. 1 $1 10%, No. 2 $1 10. Corn steady; 42%/442% September; 42% Oc tober. Dry salt meats, loose, short rib, 6% September; 6.62% October. Pork steady; $12 27% September; $12 40@12 42/ October. Lard quiet; 8.27% September; 8.37% October. Whisky steady; $1 08. CINCINNATI Aug. 30.-Flour steady. Wheat steadier; white $1 20@1 28 Corn and oats unchanged. Whisky in good demand at $1 10. Pork quiet; $12 50. Lard quiet; 8%. Bulk meats held firmly; firstname.lastname@example.org. Bacon steady and unchanged. RIVER NEWS. [Special to the Democrat.] 3rEMPHIS, Aug. 30.-Departed: Tolle for St. Louis. THE WEATHER YESTERDAY. The following is the "temperature" at the various points named, as reported by the Signal Service telegrams furnished by Ser geant Brown, of the Signal Bureau, and indi cating the state of the temperature at the points named, at 3 p. m. yesterday: Cairo 91 degrees, Cincinnati 87, Galveston 89, Keokuk 92, LaCrosse 71, Leavenworth 92, Louisville 89, Memphis 91, Nashville 92, Omaha 91 Pittsburg 83, Shreveport 94, St. Louis 98, At. Paul 73, Vicksburg 91, Yankton (D. T.) 91 Augusta (Ga.) 96, Corsicana (Tex.) 91, Mobile 91, Montgomery 96, Savannah 88, New Orleans 91, and Key West 87. The following were the variations of tem perature, according to the thermometer (Fahrenheit) at Duhamel's store, on Canal street, yesterday: 6 a. m., 80; 12 noon, 90; 3 p. m., 91; 6p. in., 88. A NEGRO LMMIGRATION SOCIETY. [Sbreveport Tim-s.] Some time ago a movement was set on foot among the colored people of this city to organize a colony to emigrate to Liberia. The movement had several very strong advocates in the city, but they did not meet with much encourage ment in the rural districts, hence the movement fell through. Quite recently, Dr. Cromwell and a number of promi nent colored men set to work to organ ize an association for the aid and pro tection of their own race to in vite immigration to our State and to foster all kinds of industries. The movement was very popular, and if the objects set forth in the constitution and by-laws are faithfully carried out, it will enure not only to the benefit of thre stockholders, but to the entire race. Yesterday a number of the signers met at the office of Dr. R. I. Cromwell, and went into an organization and election of officers. The name and style of the organization is "The Negro Union Co operative Aid Association," with its domicile in this city. The capital stock has been fixed at $50,000, in shares of $25 each. The following named par ishes are included in the provisions and privileges of the charter: Caddo, Bos sier and DeSoto, The following are the principal ob jects of this association : AnT. 5. First-To buy and sell gro ceries and dry goods, etc., in Shreve port, La. Second-To lease and culti vate lands or farms. Third-To select government lands and aid the mem bers to locate and settle thereon; to publish a newspaper in Shreveport, La. Fourth--The cultivation of literature and science and the mutual improve ment of the members and those who may be brought within the influence of the association, and to that end to maintain a social and remunerative or ganization, under whose auspices a li brary and an annual course of lectures can be sustained. Fifth-To encourage immigration to this State; to buy and sell real estate. ART. 6. To give advice; obtain for the laborer good and sufficient contracts; purchase supplies; sell crops, and keep a laborers' account and exchange office. The following are the officers and di rectors elected to serve for the ensuing two years: Dr. R. I. Cromwell, president; Evin Allen, vice president; Charles Morris, secretary; Patrick James, treasurer; Jullious Surveyor, agent, (Bossier). Directors - R. I. Cromwell, Patrick James, Thomas Lue, Levi Adams, Hamp Human, Evin Allen, J. H. High, Charles Morris, Jullious Surveyor, Jos. Alexander (DeSoto), J. F. Crazeller, Edward Jones. P "5"c-- THE WHEAT CROP. [Washington Dirpatch to the N. Y. Tribune.] ihe latest returns received at the Agricultural Department show that the winter wheat crop, already safely har vested, is the largest produced in this country for many years. The spring wheat is also in excellent condition, and an unprecedented yield is expected. The 1 cotton prospects are also more favorable than last year at this time, the product being estimated at upwards of 4.500,000 bales. The wheat crop last year was 260,000,000 bushels. This year it will be more than 325,000,000 bushels. The average export for five years hai been 61,500,000 bushels. The largest amount ever exported in one year was 90,000 000 bushels. Of this year's crop not fees than 100,000,000 bushels will be sent abroad. Another important circumstance in connection with our abundant harvest is the reduced production of Southern Russia, resulting from the disturbed conditfmn of affairs in the country ad. jacent to the Black sea. Recent special reports from Southern Russia report the estimated crop 6f the present season at less than one-half of the former years. Russia has hitherto been been our only great rival in the English wheat mar ket. Before 1872 Russia shipped almost as much wheat to the markets of the world as the United States. Last year the Russian supply was only one third as great as that of the United States, and for the . present year it is shown by official communications that the pro portion of Russian wheat will be much less. It is shown by official reports that the wheat crop in Calfornia fpr the present season is small, so that the esti mated surplus of 100,000,000 bushels will be produced east of the Rocky moun tains, and must reach the seaboard by rail or river. THE PITTSBURG WORKINGMEN. [Chicago Times.] PITTSBURG, Pa., Aug. 26.-The differ ent organizations of workingmen have consolidated, and the Greenbackers, workingmen and Social Democrats will make a united effort to defeat the politi clans on September 8, when the labor convention assembles. The Green backers of Washington, Pa., have re solved that the only way out of the present difficulty is for Congress to al low colonizers to settle upon govern mpnt domain, under the homestead law. Several grand mass demonstra tions are to be held this week, and the politicians are surprised at the flourish ing condition of the movement. The exact basis of consolidation of the labor interests is not yet made known, but it is understood the Green backers get only the financial plank, while the workingmen strike out the plank demanding that trades-unions shall control industrial establishments, and tone down several other resolu tions of their platform. TIE PACHECO-WIGGINTON CONTEnT. [St. Louie Republicans.] The discovery of an error in the re turns of Kern county, California, by which Wigginton, Democrat, receives six votes which had been counted to his opponent, Pacheco, will probably settle the contested congressional election case in that State. It will be remem bered that Pacheco claimed one ma jority, and that the case was taken into courts, on a question similar to that in volved in the Metcalfe and Frost case in this city. If the reported error is con firmed, it will effect a change of six votes, and no judicial decision will be required. The aggregate value of taxable prop erty assessed in Illinois is $892,342,338. NOTICE TO RED RIVER SHIPPERS.-The stesmer Ella B.a:ues will put :reight and passeng re to j a d Ec re without reshipping at Alexandria. Leave- on Satn.day, let, at 5 p. m. TThe lightest bu.~ m the trade. THIE NEW YORK PRESS. THE SEVEN GREAT JOURNALS OF NEW YORK--TIIE TIMESI, UN, HERALD, NTAATS-ZEITUNG, EVENING POST, TRIBUNE AND WORLD. Their Circulation, System, Character, Speelalties and General Management. [Speolal Oorrewoondenoe of the Democrat.] NEW YORK, August 22, 1877. "The Press" is always a toast and some times a topic. To me it is, of course, a topic of rare Interest. I love to watch the develop ments of human nature through journalism; to observe the manifestations of editorial in dividuality even in journals of the densest "Impersonality," and to see how, like our poor selves, the great daily newspaper is prone to err and subject to weaknesses. Of late, through much leisure and by reason of pro pinquity, I have been devoting my observa tion to TIHE NEW YORK PRESH. By this phrase I mean seven journals-the Times, Hn, HIerald, Slcutls-Zeilung, Eeeninyf Post, Tribune and World-which I have enu merated according to my judgment of their excellence as purveyors of current intelli gence and their importance as exponents of public thought; and I will proceed to discuss them in the same order. If I ran my pen on my prejudices, I should place THE TIME5 several stages down toward the foot instead of at the head of the list." But, leaving out all questions of political difference, and look ing at the paper in its character of purveyor of current intelligence, I must frankly con cede that the T'imes is the first news-paper in New York, and, next to its ChicAgo namesake, the completest news-paper in the United States. En passant, let me remark that the Chicago Times is conceded by all the best judges of journalistic excellence, whom I have heard express a view upon the subject, to be the most perfect newspaper in the coun try. The limits of this letter compel me to omit extended discussion of the merits of the several New York journals, so I will mention but one salient feature of the Times of that ilk. I refer to its admirable and unsurpassed correspondence from the seat of war in the East. It does not reach the extravagance of the Herald in cable dis patches, it is true; but it keeps the situation fairly summarized by cable, and I would ac tually rather buy it for its letters two weeks old than take the Hera'd for the slosh it prints by cable at one (lay's sight. The iaison d'etre is that the Times is served at the seat of war by intelligent and observing men, instructed to report the facts, while the Herald's corre spondents--both those at the scene of hostili ties and those who write "WAR CORRESPONDENCE" at the corner of Broadway and Ann streets seem to be absorbed in a frantic effort to whip the Turks whether the Russians do or no. The consequence is that the Herald's war news is made up of turgid recitals of Moslem "atrocities," which nobody on this side of the ocean believes or cares about, of transparent attempts to belittle Turkish suc cesses, palliate Russian blunders and, in gen eral, depict the whole struggle in most in tensely Russophile colors. But the Times gives the facts day by day, in clear, strong, unmistakable &Enllish, not straining after brilliancy nor warping the truth to suit doc trine. I suppose most newspaperreaders, like my self, want the raw facts, and are both willing and able to furnish all requisite sympathy or prejudice themselves. For my part I have very few prejudices enlisted in the struggle, and what I have can be summed up in the words of my small brother-a lad of sixteen. I took occasion the other day to ask the youthful scion of our house which he sympa tihized with, Turk or Russian. "Oh, I don't care much which whips," said he, "but I guess I'd like to see theTurks whip 'cause they're the weakest and them other cusses, the Russians, pitched onto 'em." Then after a moment of deep thought, the young philospher added, "Yes, and besides that, I sort o' sympathize with the Turks 'cause Henry Ward Beeecher's down on 'em." These were primitive notions, but I think they showed that the mental and moral training 4o my small brother is of the proper school to produce a correct develop ment of manhood. A boy of sixteen, who in stinctively sympathizes with the weaker side when it is "pitched onto" and who instinctive ly coppers Henry Ward Beecher, may fairly be consideredl as having in him the "makings of a man." The fault which the Thrall commits and which the Times avoids rests in the fact that stories of "atrocity" fall, for the most part, on languid ears this side of the water, and the only avidity there is in regard to the struggle is for incidents of campaign and developments in the general strategy. To this avidity the New York Times ministers with surpassing li(ielity and, thus far, with the most captivating grace. Now it may be reasonable .and logical for the opposition press of England, lecd by the London Daily News, to harp on "TURKISH ATRO(ITIES" because the war has certain political aspects that closely concern the politicians of Great Britain. But no such motives can possibly obtain on this side of the water, wherefore the Herald's ceaseless wail over "atrocities," mawkish at the beginning, becomes maudlin in the end. Thus the lferald's war news has lost all interest for those who desire the raw military facts, and is rendered valueless to the historical student. I have discussed this particular feature thus at length as between the Herald and Tius, because they are the only New York papers that seem to be doing anything worth comment in the line of East ern war correspondence. As to resources, there can be no doubt that the Herald surpasses the Times, though not so considerably as most people might imag ine; for the Times is a paper of large and per manent income. When Raymond founded the Times his aim was to make it as distinc tively "New Yorkish" as possible. He suc ceeded, and obtained for itaclose-communion sort of provinciai patronage which itL _ always held and which Is lucrative. It used i to be a curious fact that the Tribune, with all fame and power as a na tional organ under Greeley's manage- I ment, never had half and sometimes not more than one-third the daily circulation of the Times, which, by the way, was scarce ly known in those days west of the Allegha nies or south of the Potomac. Mr. Raymond left the Times firmly established, but in a narrow rut of custom and patronage. After his death it underwent various shifts of for- s tune, but finally fell into the exclusive hands of .FOROE JONES, who had been Raymond's associate in its formation and who had always been its busi ness manager. Jones is a shrewd, shifty Yankee, now about sixty years old, but as keen as a youth of twenty-five. He is a modest, almost retiring man at first sight, but widens and deepens, upon acquaintance, surprisingly. Jones is now business manager, editor and, for aught I know, superintendent of the press-room to boot. At all events he is all over the Times establishment all the time. He used to hire an editor, Louis Jennings by name, and a thorough-bred editor he was too, barring some faults incidental to a strong character, positive to conceit and aggressive to arrogance. Jennings was undoubtedly the most uni versally hated man in the profession while he was at the head of the Times. I never heard or read a good word of him, and thus, with my customary perversity, presumed he was a good fellow if he could only be found out. So I happened to meet him once casually at Wormley's in Washington and liked him. He was simply a bluff, sturdy Englishman, running largely to opinion of himself, and not hypocritical enough to be popular in the northern half of the United States. In New Orleans he would have neen made to fight inside of a fortnight, and would probably have been killed-for he would fight. Well, Jennings found the Times in the deep narrow rut of Manhattan Islandism, where Raymond left it; he lifted it out, made it TIlE NATIONAL ORFAN OF G(ANTISM, and got rich by buying a few shares cheap when he began, and selling them for ten or eleven thousand dollars apiece when he quit. As a political organ the Times has always been to me the climax of the detestable. But as a journalistic enterprise I have been forced to admit its excellence for years, and never so unreservedly as now. However, just at present the politics of the Times are like the old woman's soap. Jones is not a philosopher, nor is he a statesman; but a plain, matter-of-fact Yankee printer, with an eye to the main chance. Thus he is bewil dered at what his eyes have seen since Hayes came in.' The Southern Policy, Schurz, Civil Service Reform, John Sherman, Conkling, Fenton, and the devil generally, dance before his disordered political vision in fantastic can-can, until he is .dumb-founded to know who he is himself half the time. As in whist you take the trick when in doubt, so Jones, when bewildered by the antics of the Ad ministration, falls to abusing the South. "If thy friend aggrieve thee, bear in silence until thou meetest thine enemy; then visit upon him the sins of thy friend," is an old Turkish proverb. Jones seems to have adopted it, and so whenever he is disgusted with Schurz he whales away at the South. Ah, well, it does not hurt us and seems to do Jones a power of good. At a rough guess, I should say the Times had the third best circulation and paid the second best dividends of any paper in New York. THE HSUN is my favorite. When my exchequer is re duced to two cents I always freely bankrupt myself to buy the Sun. Time was when it had the largest daily circulation on this con tinent, but now the Herald is said by good newspaper judges to lead it several thou sand. The Herald always jumps ahead when there is commotion in Europe-on the strength of its ancient reputation, however, for mercy knows its Turkish war news has been mainly as worthless slosh as ever dis tigured white paper. I think the Smn made a mistake in giving the Eastern war the go-by. A trifle of cable service, short, sharp, crisp and comprehensive, with such a line of letters as say three active correspondents could fur nish, would have given the Sun a sale of 40,000 copies more than it has now, and need not have cost more than half the sum derived from the additional sale of papers-say $200 to $250 a day. By the way the Sun did start A BUREAU OF WAR CORRE-PONDENCE but it fell early in the action. It was a funny episode: The Chicago Times had senta young gentleman of the name of Keenan, somewhat known in Washington for a couple of winters past, to London to organize a Chicago Times European Bureau. The Sun undertook to take Keenan's specials at New York in transi tu, paying a share of the cable tolls for the use of them, or something to that effect. I believe the Sun printed one of these partner ship specials, accompanying it with a double leaded editorial setting forth its excellences which, by the way, were not visi ble to the unassisted eye. This was a memorable special. I judged when I read it that Victor Hugo must have fur nished the facts, and Miss Braddon the rhet oric. It related mainly to the map of Europe for the year 1900. With that special vanished the S,,'s. great bureau of Eastern war correspondlence, and I suppose Mr. Dana, see ing that his correspondent had arranged everything for the next thirty years, felt that it would be a waste of money to pay cable tolls upon dry details of events as they might transpire in the interim. In about a week the Chicagol Times reached a similar conclu sion, and thus Keenan, who is my friend and who is likewise bright and beautiful in many things, came to grief all round. As I said be fore, I think Mr. Dana made a mistake in giving up the enterprise of war correspond ence. But I suppose he knows his business better than I know it, and he certainly doesn't pay me anything for my advice. As a domestic newspaper for the million the ,S,,n is without a peer. Doctrinal and opinionated as it is, it nevertheless furnishes more information to the square inch and with less of gush or rhodomontade than any other sheet I know of. Moreover, there is a vein of dry, caustic humor running through the Sun, the like of which I have n;.'r seen anywhere els., and wI¢ich I a,'c. never heard either, for that matter, exceptim the conversation of Mr. Dana himself. If I were making up a list of American humor ists, I should assign a place to Mr. Danatisa list all by himself, and then I should place that list very near the foreground of Amer Scan humor. DANA'5 WIT is of the sort that steals unon you unawares; or rather, I should say, you ca n feel it warm ing your veins through like the generosity 1 W. W. Corcoran's real old Burgundy- whl·a Mme. IRobeson once sugared and iedx at a dinner, by the way, to the unspeakable horror of the venerable philanthropist and friend of Webster, who doted on it. But whatever may be Mr. Dana's faults, he is frank, truthful sand sincere; he hates a fraud or a sham as naturally as he draws his breath, and he has been the best friend the Houth had in all the North in the days when the South needed friends and had little wherewith to reqfite friendship, except her gratitude--of which Mr. Dana needs no assurance. The Hun prints its circulation at its head of column, so there is no need of guess-work. To-day the figure are 108,000. I suppose it makes the third newspaper money in New York, being e cededn in this respect only by the Il~ere and Times. Long may it shine. As to THE HERALD, I have already reviewed it considerably in running comparisons with the other paperal That was natural, because the Heraldis a rel ative rather than an absolute entity in jour nalism anyhow-to use Hpencerlan terms. To me the most interesting and instructive part of the Herald is ITS ADVERTISING( COLUMNS. Once in a while it has an editorial the bright. ness of which gives rise to the horrid sus. clon that the managing editor has relaxed hia vigilance and betrayed the great trust oe posedl in him by Young Jimn Bennett; whick great trust seems to be the, careful exoreieam of everything that is not stupid. As to the Herald s correspondence it is slm ply the grand cilmacteric of absurdity; a dense, inert mass of solid nonpareil in which misinformation seems to struggle lan guldly with bad syntax for the mastery. Moreover, half of it seems to be written at a point no more "foreign" than Castle Garde; that is to say, in plainer terms, fabricated ia the home office. I am told that the Herald keeps a regular "staff" of European corre spondents on duty in the home office, who produce to order' letters" from Khiva, Zan zibar or Nova Zembla, as the case may be. I was amused the other day at a Hrald letter from "Varna." I had read the letter two days before in the London Daily Newn--tht is to say, the same letter in good English. The Hlerald news editor had sim ply taken the Diuly News' letter and reduced its syntax to the Herald focus; that was all. The effect was like rendering sealo tions from the Bohemian Gi(rl on a jowsharp. I am told by attaches of the Herald that JIM nENNETT "MANA(#EN" IT PROM PARIS SM CABLE. I should suppose so. An improvement wo ld probably be visible if the elder Bennet. should supervene and undertake to "managd" it from hell, by telephone. The fourth paper on my list is TE sTAATNs-ZlTUflNI, Whose name bespeaks its Teutonic origin. I have no hesitation in saying that the New Yorker Htaats-.eitung is at this moment the greatest and best daily newspaper printed hi the German language on either side of the I ocean. None of the so-ealled "great newspa pers" of Germany, neither the Berlin nor the Vienna papers, nor yet the Augsburg Al.e mein, compare with it in either the esentalls or the ornaments of a great daily journal. I know little or nothing of its internal manage ment, but I read it with some regularity ant can testify that it is well managed and ably written up. I learn that itis the fourth paer in New York in point of wealth, solidity of f foundatnsaoad eertainty of income. STHE EVEDINO PoorT is known to everybody as the paper whiLc uses the honored name of William Culle Bryant to give a semblance of respectability to the "management" of a fellow named Henderson who some years ago acquired control of it in true Yankee fashion. Hender son is not the first of his species who has stolen the livery of a good name to serve the I devil in. The circulatioa of the Eveninf/ APaE is comparatively small, but it has a strong, healthy advertising patronage and makes 7 piles of money; the best judges tell me it makes the fifth biggest newspaper profits in New York. I am in some doubt as to. whether the Worbl or the Tribune should be placed sixth L on the list. I suppose it would be fair to t place them side by side at the foot and tell them to fight it out on their own hook for the supremacy. Both are "edited" at club I houses, and you know what club-house S"editin "' is. THE TRIBUNE belongs to Jay Gould, and probably would reflect his personality if he had any above thel gutters of Wall street. As It is, Gould's hand rarely shows in the paper outside of its financial columns, though last fall he went into political copartnery with Zach Chandler and took some hand at the crank in the gui eral conduct of the sheet. For general pur .ses, however in the long run, Whit.law ieid controls the Tributa with a good deal of absolutism. Whitelaw is out of his sphere as the manager of a geat newspoaper. He should have been a profemor of rhetoric i some female seminary. I fancy that under his tuition the sweet girl graduate would haveproduced new splendors in vernal poetry, which are now unhappily lost to the world There are three good writers and every way first-class journalists on the Tribune--4eoUrg W. Smalley its London correspondent; Je;L White, its Washington representative, and Ike Bromley, an editorial contributor. Wihat ever value it has in these days is mainly des to these three men. THE WORLD has always reminded me of a pale, siklfy, dyspeptic, ricketty child I knew once. O(N day I askdl the family physician what was the matter with that child. "Well," said he, "it was born dying !" The World very nearly died a 'bornin' as the saying is and I can't see that journa.k.s at large would have been the loser if it hd died entirely. And yet the World has always been one of the most readable journals in tha country, so far as good English, elegant dic tion and wealth of pure intellectuality ean make a journal readable. Under Marnts Marble's direction the World was a peculiar mixture of empirical theories and Democratic pretension,which last generally availed to the Democratic party in a perpetual turmoil Finally Marble went out and Hurlbert came in. Hurlbert is as genial a gentleman of the Ne v York club-house variety as you can find anywhere, and he has worked mapy visible imiprovements in the conduct of the World. But I am informed that the effect of his Im provement has never been appreciably felt Ia the counting-room of the concern; and yru know I adhere to those primitive notions in journalism which rate the intellect of the counting-room first, and that of the editorial department second as essential to success- I think, however, that the trouble with the World is more radical than any mere defect hi or of itself. It is A SUPERFLTrTTY. Three morning papers in the English tongue are about all that can be made to pay big mone in New York, and the three niches are filled by the tlherald Ths*4sd S... "F_ fact is a natural obstacle l It VDii take a vast combination of editorI ~e busin" capacity and cash capital toov neither of which it has ever enjoyed Wea steadiness to win in a long pull, g struo p and a pull altogether. I wish the Worbwell and Hurltbert success, but I fear that in this asL in many other things my wish and theaw conplished fact will be wide apart. There are other Mjiopls in New York, .bu, i t.-o-lg:tlic=r rJt. .. C. J.