Newspaper Page Text
THE NEW ORLEANS DAILY DEMOCRAT.
OFFICIAL JOURNAL OF THE STATE OF LOUISIANA AND OF THE CITY OF FEW ORT..EAF. VOL. II--NO. 259. 'NEW ORLEANS, SUNDAY, SEPTEMBER 16, 1877. PRICE, FIVE CENTS. M i Il i mn i ai n ]I l l I n5 IM I M TWEED'S CONFESSION. a. FULL EXPOSE OF TUE TAMMANY MULE IN NEW YOIRK. 'The Manner nla Which Aets Were Passed rThnough the Legislature--Now the ity of New York Was Robbed and 1 the adAU Divlded. Nnw YORK, Sept. 15.-The ring frauds in vestigation by the aildermanic committee was resumed to-day at the City Hall. Tweed was aompanied by his son, Wm. M. Tweed, Jr., -d two deputy sheriffs. The proceedings were opened by the assist ant corporation counsel asking Tweed if he had James O'Brien's assignment of the $150. 000 claim. The witness answered "yes," and handed the counsel the assignment. He said that he could produce evidence to prove that theslgnature on the assignment was James O'Brien's. The amount paid in consideration of the assignment was $20,000 in cash and $12,800 in bonds and mortgages. Tweed was asked if he knew the origin of the charter of 1870, or by whom it was pre pared. The witness replied that it was preparedf. by A. Oakey Hall, Peter B. Sweeney, Corne lids Carson, Alex. Friar, Benj. W. Hitchman, and almost every person connected with the Tammany organization. The witness also had something to do with it. Money was used for the passage of the bill through the Legislature. The witness did not know per sonally of any Assemblyman who was paid. The witness paid some of the Senators in Al bany personally with checks. He used a great deal of money, probably $600,000, through A. Barbour, of Albany. The witness gave the names of Garvey, Ingersoll, Wood ward and others from whom money was re ceived to be used in Albany. These parties were all reimbursed by sending in bills for work purporting to have been done for the City; they received flifty per cent of the bill, and the other fifty per cent was divided be tween Connelly, Hall, Peter B. Sweeney, Hugh Bweeney and witness. Watson, an employe in Connolly's office, and Woodward, then in the Controller's office, prepared and presented the bills, and witness approved them as chair man of the committee. Witness in settling with Barbour gave him a check for $86,000 and caused him to be ap pointed Deputy Collector of Assessments. Barbour's position was worth $15,000 a year. He never did any work, but always drew his salary. Connolly soon became dissatisfied with his per centage, and wanted twenty in stead of fifteen per cent. An arrangement was then made that Connolly should have twenty per cent, witness twenty-five, Sweeney ten, Hall five, and Woodward and Watson two and a half percent each, the balance to go to those who presented tile fraudulent bills. Ingersoll, Garvey and Keyser were the .principal ones who made those bills. Every body drew money under that auditing of fraudulent bills. The charter of 1870 was in efficient for the purpose of raising money, and subsequent acts were passed for that purpose, but no one but Hall, Coqnolly, Sweeny and Witness knew of the specific power intended to be conyeyed by the tax levy act. Tweed was then asked what Senators he had personally paid money to for voting for the charter of 1870, and after reciting the facts of the contest between Tammany and the young Democracy, he said that he found it was necessary to beat O'Brien and others, and that it could only be done by securing the votes of Republican Senators. About that time a great many people in New York be came dissatisfied, and Morton, Creamer, and Gonet formed a plan to oust the Mayor, Con troller and Street Commissioner, and other officers of the city, but before they had com pleted their plans, the Republican party had prepared a charter, introduced into the As sembly at Albany by Frear and referred. Witness went to Albany, knowing that Hugh Hastings, a Republican, would be a very desirable man to have. Ile sent for him. Hastings flnally consented to stop his opposition to the Democratic party, and agreed to work for witness. Witness saw senators Morris, Winslow, W. B. Woodwin, Geo. Bowen, Theodore L. Manieno and James Wood. Witness did not not know how to reach Winslow, as he had the reputation of being a rich man and he did not think money would fetch him, but shortly afterwards a gentleman met witness on the train and said he thought he could bring the thing about through Winslow's brother-in-law. This was done, andl witness made his ar rangements with Winslow through that souroe. A few days aftenvrward Hastings sug gested that the best way for witness to carry out his plans would be to have a caucus of the Republican Senators and have them com mitted to the Democratic interests. Hastings afterward informed witness that a caucus, as agreed upon, was held and everything was satisfactory. Every Republican voted for the charter. Jay Cooke on w.al Street. NEw YORKz, Sept. 15.-The morning papers say that Jay Cooke & Co. are at work again, and Wall street is in a ferment because, by a shrewd and unexpected move, that firm has been practically made members of the syndi cate, having indirectly purchased the con trolling interesý in the First National Bank. The International Rifle Match. NEw YORK, Sept. 14.-For the fourth time the American riflemen are victorions over the team from the old country. While our marksmen in the match that ended yesterday defeated the English team, scoring 92 points more than they did, the visitors made better record than the Americans gained in any previous victorious result. This attests astonishing improvement in the accuracy of aim. Should American riflemen continue to improveas they have in the last four years, it will not require more than three years for them to attain perfection in shooting. The best score of yesterday at the three ranges was that of Bruce, of the American team, who made the unprecedented record of 219 out of a possible 225; C. E. Blydenburg was close behind him with 216 and L. Weber with 215. Two hundred and seven, by Sir Henry H.iford, was the British team's best showing; but, after all, the contest must be jegarded in part as one between American breech-loading and English muzzle-loading rifles, and the result is as much a victory for American gun makers as for American skill at the trigger. Another anvlngs Dank Gone. BROOKLYN, Sept. 15 -The Brooklyn Sav ings Bank closed its doors at the suit of de positors. A receiver has been appointed. The deilciency is $75,000. Rollins' Case. SAN FnANCIsoo, Sept. 15.-Surveyor Gen eral Rollins states, with reference to the de mand for his removal, that he can show a clean balance sheet and clear himself of all the charges against him. He admits he has not deposited the money immediately upon its receipt, but there is no rule of service re quiring that. The United States Attorney has his case under consideration, but no counsel has as yet been decided upon. . rers to the Miners. POTTHVILL., Pa., Sept. 15.--The meeting of the operators and superintendents in the mines was held last night at Hazleton, Pa., in the coal regions. It was agreed to pay out side laborers the prices which ruled last May when coal sold at $2.25 at Perth Amboy, and inside men 5 per cent. advance. The ofier was made in anticipation of coal advancing to $3.50 by October 1st. When coal brings higher figures miners are promised 10 per cent. ad vance. It is generally thought that the men will bd dissatisfied with this proposition, but it is possible that they will accept and resume. A Mormon Judge la Trouble. SALT LAKE, Sept. 15.-Judge Shaeffer to day fined Judge Smith, the Mormon Probate Judge, five hundred dollars and costs for con tempt of court, in refusing the grand jury ac cess to the records of his court, where there is supposed to be considerable rottenness. ocean Freights. MONTh.AL, Sept. 15.-There is a further ad vance in ocean freights, in sympathy with the rise at New York; 7s. Gd. is paid for prompt and 8s. for forward shipments to Liverpool and Glasgow per steam and iron clipper. CAPITAL NOTES. Patents for Desert Lands. WASHINGOON, Sept. 15.-Secretary Schurz suspects some squatters who have applied for patents for desert land in the Far West have accordingly secured an occasional slice of meadowland. He has ordered the commis sioner to withhold all patents until his agents have reported. together with his log, desert land and other agents. Gov. McCormlek. WASHINGTON, Sept. 15.-It may be accepted that Gov. McCormick desires to retire from the assistant secretaryship of the Treasury because its duties deprive him of the outdoor life to which he has been accustomed. He is not on the slate for the Russian or any other mission, unless it be commissionership to the French Exposition. Gov. McCormick was active and useful in the success of the Cen tennial. The Texas Paele Railroad. WASHIONTO, Sept. 15.--It Is loosely stated that ex-Gov. Brown, vice president of the Texas Pacific road, will become its president, under an impression that his position on the Louisiana Commission will Influence the Ad ministration favorably towards the groat road. MO0EI AND TOCIRU . NEW YORK, Sept. 15.-Money closed at 3@4. Exchange 483@487. Gold opened at 103% and closed at 1083% Governments weak; cur rency 6's 122. Iftock market closed firm with further advance, especially inl coal shares. Lackawanna rose to 53%., Hudson Canal 50%, Morris and Essex 79, and advancing Han nibal and St. Joe, based on rumors of clo8od(l connection, with up closing prices, The following are the closing quotations: New York Cntral .............. 104 @ - Harlem ...........................140 0 - Erie ...............................100lO . - Lake Shore ....................... 63; K - W abash .......................... 121/ - Northwestern .....................62@ - Rock Island'..... ... . .........111, 4 - Fort Wayne.................... 91 0( - St. Paul ....................... 33%0i - St. Paul, preferred............... 69%~, - Pittsburg........................ 82 @ - Delaware, Lackawana and West ern... .................. 53 ( - New Jersey Central ............ 17 @ - Delaware and Hudson Canal...... 49"*01 - Morris and Essex................ 78.4(r - Michigan Central............... 59) 0 - Illinois Central .................... 69!.4@ - Union Pacific ..................... 68', @ - C. C. and I. C ................... .. .:i 4. - St. Joe ............ ..... ...... 14 (9 - St. Joe, preftrred..... ............ 30' - Ohio..... ................. - Panama..........................111 @ - Western Union Telegraph........ 82%@ - Atlantic and Pacific Telegraph.... 20 @ - Pacific Mail .................... 23 4@ - Quicksilver ....................... 18'4( - Quicksilver, preferred............. 32 @ - Adams Express .................... 99 @ - Wells Fargo & Co.'s Express..... 84 @ - American Express .............. 81 ( - United States Express............ 47%@ - The events of the week in financial circles were not espclally important. The Wall street market's monetary situation was characterized for the most part by an easy condition of affairs. Considering the steady flow of currency to the West for some weeks past to move crops, rates on calls have generally been 3@5 the impression going round that rates will rule higher when cot ton comes and is being moved. Gold specu lation is very dull and weak; declined from 3', to 34. Governments irregular in sym pathy with gold; declined %(@1./ Railroad mortgage firm, St. Joe advancing From 85% to 85%x. Railway and miscellaneous speculation was in the main weak and slower. Lacka wanna off 10 per cent; Hudson 91%; Morris and Essex 6. The decline in the general list ranged from / to 4%, the latter in Illinois Central. DOMESTIC MARKETS. ST. Louis, Sept. 15.- Closing - Wheat, cash $1 28 bid, $1 31 asked; September of fered at $1 12 October, No. 3, $1 26 cash $1 21; Stmbr, $1 204@$1 20a; October, $1 1 ; ovember, $1 16%'@$1 16%. cash, $1 13% bid, Corn, cash 41%'4 42; September, 4134; October, 42%. Oats cash 26; Septem ber,- 26; October, 26%, bid. Wheat, $1 58. Whisky $109. Pork, cash, $12 75 bid; Sep tember, $12 90, bid; October, $12 75. INCCINNATI, Sept. 15.-Hogs inactive; de mand firm; common $4 60@4 90 fair to good light $5 20@5 45, fair to good packing $5 10@ 5 30, select butchers' $5 30@5 50. Lard quiet and steady; prime steam 8%, current make 8%. Mess pork steady and quiet $12 75; held at $13 spot. Oats quiet and steady at 25@28 for mixed, 25@32 for white. Barley dull; spring held nominally at 65@75 for good to choice. Rye steady; 59@60 for No. 2. Corn steady; moderate demand; mixed ear 47@48. Whisky $1 10; sales 256 barrels. FOREIGN MARKETS. LONDON, Sept. 15, 2 p. m.-Wheat, off coast, firm; to arrive, strong but not quotably higher. Corn, off coast and to arrive, steady. Flour steady. WAR NOTES. BEIORB PLEVNA. The Turks Recapture the Lost Redoubts. I LONDoxn, Sept. 15.-The Daily News has 1 ust issued a special edition containing the ollowing: BUyHnAREBT, Friday Night.-I left the bat tie-field before Plevna at noon yesterday. Two redoubts taken by Gen. Skobeloff on I Tuesday were held twenty-four hours, On Wednesday the Turks made six attacks, and finally, about 6 o'clock in the evening, drove him out. He lost three cannon which he had placed in the redoubt. He asked for reinforcements several times, I but Gen. Levitzky refused them, thinking Gen. Skobeloff had enough men to hold the redoubt. Finally, Gen. Kriloff, on his own re sponsibility, sent the remnant of a regiment which had previously attacked the lower re doubt near Plevna and whose effective strength was reduced to 1000 men, utterly un fit to go Ikto battle; even this regiment ar rived a few minutes too late, and another regiment sent from headquarters of the staff to reinforce him arrived when Glen. Skobeloff already tha retreated. The loss of these redoubts is disastrous for the Russian attack, as it seems that the Russians in possession of these two redoubts and the Grivica redoubt, had counted upon recommencing the offensive immediately. This Is now impossible until the arrival of reinforcements. When I left the battlefield all was quiet, except a light artillery lire. The Russians are still In possession of (Irivica re doubt, which was undler continual heavy fire from the Turks. This redoubt was visited by Col. Wellsley, who says It is heaped fall of dead Russians and Roumanians. Rombarding Plevna. LONDON, Sept. 15.-A Russian official bul letin, dated Poreden, September 13th, says: Yesterday, Wednesday, we made no further attacks, but bombarded the Turkish forces and fortifications of the town of Plevna at short range. Towards 4 p. m., Plevna began to burn, and two explosions were observed within the iortifications. The Turks made but little reply to our fire, and directed all their efforts against our left wing, which threatened their rear at this point. Merlolls Intentions. LONDON, Sept. 15.-Tuesday, the 19th inst., is now mentioned as the (late when the Ser vian proclamation of war is to be issued and Prince Milan will leave for the frontier. Negotiations with Montenegro have been renewed on the basis of the agreement made last year, but with more precise stipulations about the co-operation of the two armies. It is reported that the plan first mentioned, viz., that the Servian forces should take the offensive in these directions, have been relin quished, and the whole active army is to operate against Nisch, while on all the other points of the frontier the defensive will be maintained. In consequence of the drain on the Turkish resources to confront the Russians, the Ser vians may expect to have numerical superi ority in whatever direction they operate. It is rumored that Servia has postponed de claring war for another week, pending the result of operations at Plevna. The t1ormingl of the Urivlca Redoubt. LONDON, Sept. 15.--At the taking of the Grivica redoubt the Turks neither ran away nor asked quarter. The redoubt was aban doned, but the garrison had only retired to the basement and galleries where they stood at bay. The fighting was all done with bay onets. The Turks immediately tried to re take the redoubt, and poured a large number ,,i men into the adjacent intrenchments. The Russians bombarded them, but yuflfred severely from rille fire at only two hundred yards distance. This attempt to retake the redoubt and another desperate one on Wed nesday were repulsed. It is estimated that the Russians up to Thursday lost seven thousand in killed and wounded, and the Rou manians flive thousand. A Nihilist Conspiracy. LONDON, Sept. 15.--A St. Petersburg dis patch says the Russian police have discov ered a Nihilist conspiracy to assassinate the Czar on the battlefield. The Loss of the Roumanians Before Plevna LONDON, Sept. 15. -A Bucharest correspon dent says that the Roumanians report their loss before Plevnaat ten officers and two hun dred men killed, and thirty officers and one hundred men wounded. 8ulelman Pasha's Reinforcements. LONDON, Sept. 15.-A Vienna correspondent says that Suleiman Pasha has received rein foreements, which will compensate for his losses in Schipka Pass. 6ervIa's Proclamation of War. LONDON, Sept. 15.-The 18th is now men tioned as the (late when the Servian proclama tion of war will be issued, and Prince Milan will leave for the frontier. Plevna Well Victualled. LONDON, Sept. 15.-The Daily News' Vienna correspondent telegraphs: A dispatch from Sistova says: It has been ascertained that Plevna is victualled for two months. The Russlans Defeated at Butruk. LONDON, Sept. 15.-Dispatches through Turkish sources from Shumla claim that Osman Pasha has defeated the Russians at Butruk. The Russians lost several thousand men and nine guns. More Rus'lan Defeats. LONDON, Sept. 15.-A Russian official re port admits the loss of the fortification taken by Gen. Skobeloff's division. Osman Pasha has telegraphed to Constanti nople that two redoubts at Loftscha have been recaptured. A dispatch from Constantinople says that Suleiman Pasha has defeated the Russians in northern Schipka. Mehemet All intrenches as he advances. Schiplia Pass. LONDON, Sept. 15.-The Russian batteries in the Schipka pass are gradually disappear ing under the heavy shelling from the Turk ish army. Bucharest telegrams say that unfavorable rumors are current concerning the Russian position in Schipka pass. Russian Batteries at schipka Silenced. LONDON, Sept. 15.-An official telegram from Suleiman Pasha says; We opened violently upon the Russian position in Schplka pass, Tuesday, which dismounted several of their guns and killed a great number of their ar tillerymen, principally .by exploding their ammunition. In the evening their artillery was silenced. The Turks on the Offensive In Armenia. LONDow, Sept. 15.--A dispatch from Erze roum states that the Turkish offensive move meonts in Armenia are progressing favorably. Ardahan Evacuated by the Runsslans. CoONSTANTINOPIvE, Sept. 15.--Mouktar Pasha telegraphs that the Russians have evacuated Ardahan and returned to Fort Wirogton. Bad News for the Russians. LONxON, Kept. 15.-Baker Pasha drove the Russians into Voditzka, with heavy loss. The general tone of the news Is very unfa vorable to the Russians. A Burned Hospital. BEussims, Sept. 15.-A dispatch from (Ghent reports the destruction by fire of the military hospital there. It is believed that everybody in the institution at the time of the conflagra tion was removed safely. MARINE NEWS. Niw YORK, Sept. 15.- -Arrived: Steamers Herman from Bremen and Waschatten from Rotterdam. Sailed: Steamships City of Berlin and the Queen for Liverpool. Anchored: For (Glasgow Odr; for Bremen, Flamborough; for St. John, N. B., City of Merida; for Vera Cruz, Colon; for Aspinwall, Algiers; for New Orleans, New Orleans, and City of Antonio for Galveston. BOsTON, Sept. 15.--Sailed: Steamer Bul garian for Liverpool. PHILADmuPHIA, Sept. 15.-Sailed: Steamer St. Louis for Liverpool. (QuinEu, Sept. 15.--Sailed: Steamers Mem phis and Sardinian for Liverpool. HAvni~, Sept. 15.--Sailed: Steamers Herder from Hamburg for Now York and Saint Lau rent for New York. LARENE, Sept. 15.-Salled: Steamer Indi ana, from Glasgow for New York. LrvEaPOOL, Sept. 15.--Steamer Russia, for Now York, and steamer Minnesota, for Bos ton. The steamer Britannia sailed for New York yesterday. BREMEN, Sept. 15.-Sailed: Steamer Weser, for New York. LONDON Sept. 15.--Saled: Steamer Don mark, for New York. GLAsoOW, Sept. 15.-Sailed: Steamer Ethi opia, for New York. RCrrIRDAM, Sept. 15.--Sailed: Steamer Maas, for New York. ANTw.lR, Sept. 15. -Sailed: Steamer Vad erland, for Philadelphia. KINSTON, Jamaica, Sept. 15.--Arrived: Steamer Claribeoll, from New York. Sailed: Steamer Atlas, for New York. A DRAMATIC SCE(IB AT S.HIPI&. The Timely Arrival of the Russian Relief. [London News.] It was 6 o'clock; there was a lull in the fighting, of which the Russians could take no advantage, since the re serves were all engaged. The grimed, sun-blistered men were beaten out with heat fatigue, hunger, and thirst. There had been no cooking for three days, and there was no water within the Russian lines. The poor follows lay panting on the bare ridge, reckless that it was swept by the Turkish rifle fire. Others dog gedly fought on down among the rocks, forced to give ground, but doing so grimly and sourly. The cliffs and val leys send back the triumphant Turkish shouts of "Allah il Allah !" The two Russian generals were on the peak which the first position half en closes, Their glasses anxiously scanned the visible glimpses of the steep brown road leading up there from the Jantra valley, through thick copses of sombre green, and yet more sombre dark rock. Stoletof! cries aloud in sudden access of excitement, clutches his brother gen eral by the arm, and points down the pass. The head of a long black column was visible against the reddish brown bed of the .road. "Now God be thanked!" said Stoletoff solemnly. Both generals bare their heads. The troops spring to their feet. They descry the long black ser pent coiling up the brown road. Through the green copses a glint of sunshine flashes, banishes the sombreness and dances on the glistening bayonets. Such a gust of Russian cheers whirls and eddies among the mountain tops that the Tutkish war cries are wholly drowned in the glad welcome which the Russian soldiers send to the comrades coming to help them. Some time elapses. The head of the column draws near the Karaula, and is on the little plateau in front of the khan. But they are mounted men. The horses are easily discernible. Has Rpdetzky, then, been so left to himself, or so hard pushed, that he has sent cavalry to cope with infantry among the precipices of the Balkans? Be they what they may, they carry a tongue that can speak, for on the pro tion to the right of the khan a mountain battery has just come into action against the Turk ish artillery off the wooded bridge, by the occupation of which the Turks are flanking the right of the Russian posi tion. There are no riders on the horses now, and they are on their way down hill. But a column of Russian infantry are on the swift tramp up hill till they get within firing distance of the Turks on the right, and then they break, scat ter, and from behind every stone and bush spurt white jets of smoke. STATE. EVIDENCE. Two of the most culpable of the in dicted South Carolina Republicans have decided to give evidence for the State, and the indictments against them will not be tried. They are Jones and Wood ruff, former clerks of the House and Senate. Each surrenders $28,000 worth of bonanza warrants and all claims against the State for alleged unpaid printing bills. Jones surrenders private property valued at $12,000, and Wood ruff surrenders the building and fix tures of the Republican Printing Com pany in Columbia, valued at $7000, and his claims against the Bank of the State for $130,000. Both thieves-that seems to be the only suitable word for them-are allowed to retain their private resi dences. Their evidence will be very im portant, as they were necessarily cogni zant of all the jobbery which was en gineered through the Legislature. The Masonic lodges of Toulouse, France, have been dissolved, on the charge of being political associations, THE PRESIDENT'S TOUR. P e TH3E RECEPTION TEINDERII HAYER I ti CINCINNATI. He speaks on His Southern Poeley and ii the Renewal of Busnlaess. I CIN(INNATI, Sept. 15.-The city is in holiday attire and presents very much the same mag- j nilicent appearance that was so marked on 'J the occasion of the last musical festival. The 0 public buidings and private residences are C decorated with flags, and gas jets and firese light up the streets, mingling a dazzling brilliancy with the l.eautifil decorations. t During the afternoon there were several showers of rain; but the weather has cleared e up, and the sight is beautiful. The streets I are thronged with visitors, and our own citi zens are anxious to give to the President a hearty welcome to-night, regardless of class, color, condition or party. The procession left the Gibson House at 7 (,'lochk, in the following order: A squad of police, 200 strong, First Regi ment band and military companies. At the depot the prooession filed into rank and awaited the arrival of the President and party. The special train arrived at8 o'clock. The President was greeted with a thundering cheer, and then Mayor Moore welcomed him to the city in a brief speech. The President made no reply, but shook 1 hands with a few of his personal friends, and I then stepd.d into his carriage and was driven to the Gibson House. The procession re sumed the same order. The whole route was tastefully decorated and fireworks were fired in large quantities. Arriving at the Gibson House, the Presi- 1 dent stepped on the gallery with Dr. Lelen- I thal and others. 1 Mayor Moore introduced Dr. Lelenthal, the orator of the evening, who delivered an im pressive speech. Mr. Hayes being then introduced, was re ceived with cheers and spoke as follows : "'Felltw-Citizens, These enthusiastic cheers, I and this generous welcome by my friends and neighbors of Cincinnati are very gratify ing to me. I do not take them so much as a personal compliment to me, but more as an exhibition of your attachment to the princi ples of the Government of the United States. I may therefore accept the demonstration as a proof that Cincinnati approves of my course in the Administration, especially in regard to my bringing abouta pacification throughout the whole country, throughout all the sec tions, all the States, all the people, all the classes and all the races who are interested in the pacification of the country. "No part of the United States is more in terested in restoring harmony throughout the North and South than Cincinnati. This city was formerly a border city like Balti more and Louisville. The great object and desires with me is to change the feeling throhghout the country which alienated us. I want to see Cincinnati no longer a border city, but one of the great central cities of the greatest continents on the globe. The day is surely coming; yes, has come, that the great gulf which has been between us for fifty years will be closed. "Four years since the great crisis in busi ness affairs was with us; now business is re suming rapidly. Four months ago, when in Now York, I thought proper to say that the indications of this were many. I was in formed to-day that the railroads of the great Western States are already earning more than before the crash of 1873; the Lake Shore Road is more properousthan ever, and whole sale houses are flourishing; collections are being easier made now than since the panic. The true basis of prosperity-agricultural business-has more to do with the country than politics. "I have attended the reunions during the last weeks and gathered the opinions of sol diers, and found them already come again to the cordial recognition of the South and the constitution. I am detaining you too long. [Cries of "no, no, go on."J "I feel as if I am treading the pathway of our forefathers, as they stood shoul der to shoulder and side by side in the fight for the safety of the coun try. I would wish to see all dissentions removed and concord restored. It is my am bition to advance this object. What has been done has not been done because it could not be helped, but because it was rightto do so. My fellow-citizens, I thank you for this demon stration." Secretary McCrearv was then Introduced and spoke briefly in regard to the honor con ferred on the President. The line of March was then taken up and the President and suite escorted to the resi dence of Dr. John Davis. RUSSIAN WAR SENTIMENT. Broken Homes and Misery Caused by the War-How the People Feel About It. [Correspondence London Daily News.] Moscow, Aug. 18.-Nearly six thou sand Turkish prisoners have been brought here within the course of the past fortnight. The greater number have been carried off in large detach ments to the prisons tenanting other Russian towns lying in all directions north, east and west. The idea of such large bodies of stalwart Turks being sta tioned among us, like islets, so to speak, gives one a curious sensation. The news has just come in that in one of the prisons an emeute has taken place, and that some Turks have managed to kill two of their Russian guards. It is to be hoped that this may prove the last news of a like nature. A strong desire pre vails amongst all classes, but especially among the peasantry, to catch a glimpse of these Bashi-Bazouks, as the last named class ordinarily call them. Crowds assemble at the various receiv ing and starting points for the purpose of seeing them. The peasants are being called off to join the imperial army from all direc tions. Wherever one goes families are mourning and in tears because either the father or brothers, or it may be all, are under orders to start within the space, perchance, of only a few hours, leaving home on behalf of their coun try's honor. Families are broken up on all sides. The miserable wives are selling the household furnlture they possess to procure means of subsist ence. now that the prop of each small establishment is taken from them; and the streets of Moscow are thronged in many places with mattresses and sami vars, or Russian tea-urns, without which adjunct no Russian household, whether it be that of the highest or lowest in the land, is ever deemed complete. The price of provisions is rising propor tionately. Among the upper classes homes are in the same state of change. Those who have retired from the army or navy are in many casees being re called; all will, it is presumed, be sum moned in the course of time. Even whilst I write a general "round" call tI being made for all to serve in the mill tia. Notices to this effect have been served on all those in number one of the six divisions of which Moscow boasts, and every one feels in a state of uncer tainty as to where he may find himself quartered even in three or four days. As to a month hence, no one seems to dare to reckon upon this date, all payments here, rents, bargains in fact of every kind in Moscow, hinging upon the pe riod. A house to house visitation is going on, instituted by those at the head of affairs, relative to the number of both men servants and horses kept by every househdlder, a large quota of which must each now be parted with for public service. Substitutes on the part of the former are not accepted. Funds are rolling in for the sick and wounded on all sides, the peasnts even urginj the acceptanoe of their "widow's Great astonishment prevails that the Turks should be bringing such prodigi ous forces into the field, no one having imagined that such gigantic power was at their disposal. "But," as they sta here "so many outsiders are helpg the Bashi Bazouks, and we, the Bus sians, have no one but ourselves to de pend upon." Russian correspondents are, I am told, not to be found in the field where on as present all eyes are concentrated. Why? I have asked repeatedly.- To which answer has been sometimes al leged that members of the class in ques tion are not permitted; or else that they simply find no encouragement at the hands of either officials or press. Be the matter, however, as it may, it strikes one as strange at least to hear English quotations, English descriptions and Inglish mode of regarding matters made use of on all sides in the course of general conversation. I am told that the scene at the Gov ernor General's house is depressing in the extreme; but in St. Petersburg the city is as one gone utterly into mourn ing. Nearly every one is in sorrow; nearly every one wears black; the streets, as here, are crowded with the furniture of those disposing of that which is their all; the places of amuse ments remain unfrequented, and St. Petersburg, like Moscow, tells only a tale of keen anxiety, and yet of the deepest patriotism. There is, of course, a new Russian war song-when was not such arequire ment promptly supplied ?-eminently adapted to the present state of affairs; the words inspiriting enough, the music itself gypsy like, as is ever the case with regard to all Russian popular melodies. The cavalry portion of the Imperial Guards, from St. Petersburg, yeterday passed through Moscow en route for the war, and to-day, I am told, the infantry portion of the same Imperial Guards will follow suit. THE NICK ROUAIAUIANS. [New York Times.] SISTOVA, Aug. 27.-Aocordlng to a Roumanian army surgeon who has just passed through this place on his way to Bucharest, the condition of Prince Carol's troops is deplorably bad. Dr. X. has possibly exaggerated in declar ing that for a whole week he had eaten nothing but mamnalika-corn meal mush mixed with water-but his details are too. circumstantial not to convince impartial persons that the Roumanlan Intendance has been very derelict in its duty. The typhus and dysentery are raging in the camp, and cartloads of corpses are fer ried over every night for finterment at Turnu-Magurelli; the men are on short rations, and seldom receive meat; the hospital stores have run. short, notwithstanding the immense voluntary contributiqos to that end, and there are no depots for their renewal nearer than the capital as the interme diate stations founded by the Red Cross amateurs are unwilling togive anything to the regular Sangradoes appointed by the War Department. The late heavy rains have swollen the tributaries of the Dauube,which now rolls down immense numbers of dead bodies of men and animals to the great river, infecting the sultry air with pestilential emana tions. The wells and cisterns have overflowed by those putrid tor rents, and the supply of drink ing water has become insufficient for the men, notwithstanding the numbers of fountains erected in former times by Moslem care for the comfort of the thirsty travelet, but which, ILhould add, have in the early days of ( Rus sian occupation, been wantonly defiled or rendered unserviceable by the in vadersland their friends, the Bulgarians, in order to mark their hatred for the Turk and their contempt for his insti tutions. The officers have received no pay for ten weeks, and few of them have private funds wherewith to purchase the expensive luxuries furnished by the sutlers. Every one is weak and fam ished, all are discouraged. THE GEORGIA SENATOHMSIP. The next session of the Georgia Legis lature will elect a United States Senator to succeed Gen. John B. Gordon. Among the candidates mentioned are: Gen. Gordon, Gen. Toombe. ex-Gov. Brown, ex-Senator Norwood, Gen. P. M. B. Young, Mr. Julian Hartridge, pres ent member of Congress from the First District Gen. A. & Lawton, Gen. L. S. Gartrell, ex-Gov. Smith. Hon. Thomas Hardeman Hon. W. K. Smith, Gen. W.. T. Wofford, and even Mr. Stephens. The Atlanta Constitution counts up thirty-two papers in Georgia w' ich favor Atlanta as the permanent crppital of the State. Rumors of Peace--Earaged citizen (who has been studying w-r-map)-"I have been made to CRjethe Balkans all for nothing,"