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HE NEW ORLEANS DAILY DEMOCRAT.
OFFICIAL JOURNAL OF THE STATE OF LOUISIANA AND OF THE CITY CF WEW ORLEANS. VOL. II---NO. 275. NEW ORLEANS, TrIUESDAY, OCTOBER 2, 1877. PRICE, FIVE CENTS. DOMESTIC NEWS. The New York Custom-lsuse. WASmINOTON, Oct. 1.-- Assistant Secretary McCormick says that there is no foundation `An fact for the report that he is to succeed Gen. Arthur as Collector for the port of New York. The Information here Is to the effect that (jollector Arthur will send in his resignation. thus enabling President Hayes to make a new appointment without the necessity of pre ceding it with a removal. Railroad Accident. DST11oJT Oct. 1.- Iy a collision which oc iItrred to-day on the 1I. W. and W. Railroad, two englnes were destroyed and fifteen cars burned, with a loss of $159,000. haggle Smith Emulates Charlie Ross. AflULADELPTIA, Oct. 1.-- Maggie Smith, a Whild eight years old, who resides with her parents on bambridge street, in this city, was called for at Sunday School yesterday, by a woman who took her to the oilkceof the Amer loan District Telegraph CotmapanV on Broad street, where she cha nged the child's clothes, and with the girl got, on the cars going North. The child has not ls'm seen nor heard from since. __ _ _ Edwin Adams. NEW YORa Oct. ] -Edwin Adams, who is now lying ifi at Chicago, has received a dis patch from New York. saying: Your friends have met and organized a benefit for you. Signed, E. A. SOTHERN, W. J. FLORENCE, W. M. WINTER. Negro Hilled. WA5HrIOTON, Oct. 1.- -Cassius M. (lay killed a negro on his farm to-day. The killing is said to have been justillable. The Apaches. WASHINGTON, Oct. 1.--The Apaches will be obliged to surrender before long, in fact, two hesf have already consented to surrender. All the available troops in New Mexico are operating against them. Archbishop Bayley. NEWARK, N. J., Oct. 1.-The Archbishop is growing weaker. Otherwise there is no change in his condition, and he was sleeping quietly at 1 o'clock this morning. Ocean Freights. NEw Yona, Oct. 1.-Ocean freights quiet all around, but firm, except for provisions, of which offerings are light for room offered. Grain offered at 91 to Glasgow and Liver pool by steamer, at which figure a fair busi ness was done. Grain vessels were bid 7s 3d, spot, for three thousand quarters, and ofTered that for larger lots. 6s and 7s, tearrive, is the current quotation. Morton's Condition. RIcHMOND, Ind. Oct. 1. -The favorable re ports of Senator Iorton's present condition would be more assuring of his ultimate re 3overy but for the fact that paralysis is hered 4tary In his family. His grandfather and r father died of that disease, and his sister is now a hopeless invalid from the same mal ady. Ohio Politics. COLUMBUs, Oct. 1.-Judge West, the R'pub lican candidate for Governor, spoke at this point last night. The Judge was well re ceived, and his speech was listened to with great attention. He favored the doctrine of the "Greenbackers," and drew a bright pic ture of the prospects of the country in the immediate future. He prophesied that the "depression now felt in the land would soon be numbered among the things of the past. ---y* - - WAR NOTES. PLIVNA. Turkish Lesseu-RumNIan Irresolution Gen. Todtleben's Opinln. LONDON, Oct 1.-The Standard's corre spondent with the Turkish army telegraphs from Plevna: Osman Pasha's losses from the Russian cannonade are exceedingly light, but on the day when he retook the redoubts on the Loftscha road h2 lost 3010 men. There are now (September I) only 1910 wounded at Plina. A correspondent says of the Russians before Plevna: They seam completely at sea. They have no plan, no idea, no head. They are waiting for reinforcements, which are arriving slowly, and which, when all here, will hardly more than cover their losses by battle and sickness during the last two months. I think history offers no such example of a 5plendid army in such an utterly hopeless condition. Todtleben. The Standards Bucharest special says: (*en. Todtleben's opinion of the situation at Plevna has been laid before the Grand Duke Nicholas. It is understood le declares siege operations on the most extended scale are requisite for the capture of the place. Supplies. The first Turkish convoy which entered Plevna consisted of two thousand wagons. The number of wagons in the second convoy are not reported. T'he second failed to reach that point and returned to Orkonie, the Roumanian cavalry having captured eight wagons of grain. Russlans Intrenchinw. LoN N, Oct. 1.- The Russians are in trench for the winter from Sistova, Biela and th antra, to Soli, Lapala and Nikopolis. NMdiation Impasslble. LONDON, O(t. 1.-A dispatch from St. Petersburg says that all rumors of mediation are idle, as such a course is impossible, for the reason that Russia will not listen to any overtures in that direction. LONDON. Oct. 1.--A dispatch from Buchar est says that doubt fuIl rumors are in circula tion to the effect that the Russians have again suffered a defeat at the hands of Osman Pasha. The Czarowltch. LONPoN, Oct. 1. The Czarowitch visited Oorny-Studen Saturday to relinquish com mand on the left flank and resume c(mimand of the Imperial Guard. Schhpka Pass. Suleiman Pasha is fortifying at Schinka Pass, apparently with the intention of win tering there. The pass itself is covered with snow, im peding all military operations. FOREIGN NEWS. Naples. NArLEs, Oct. 1.-Cardinal Sixte Riario Wforza is dead. He was sixty-seven years old, and was created Cardinal in 1841;. He will be succeeded by the Archbishop of Naples. DOMESTIC MARKETS. NEW YORK, Oct. 1 11 :15 a. m.-Coffee quiet, sales 2000; Grey Aigie at Baltimore 17 : Ciargol ordinary 16'40@17%; fair 19b19°' ; 9 prime 2u@21; lots 165'121 5,: p2eRaw 2Ia@ dull; sates 1500 . part fyod sales ; a5 be 8190 boxe %ý q .. S~cý9;eztra 90 9' new $1 45q1 53. Corn 57058. Pork $14 15. Lard 9.22'/ 9.27/. CINCINNATI, Oct. 1.--Pork $14 asked, $14 75 bid. Bacon 84tt9if9'/. Hams $12'913. Cut meats 73/fiO7/ and 8%18'/2. Lard 8149;y (J'0. flogs $4 500@5 60. Receipts 1138. Whisky $1 06. .. CHICAGo, Oct. 1, 3:15 p. m.-Hogse--t celpts 12,000; receipts Saturday 7661. Market dull. Pork firm, $14 October, $12 90 year. $13 January. Lard 8.70 October, H.30(@8.32¼ year, 8.37¼ January. Wheat steady; $1 15Y, Oil 05; October, $1 02k4 November $1 01'4 year. Corn firm; 42 (-442,8 OctoIJer, 42!4 November. ST. Louis, Oct. 1.-Wheat-No. 2 rod winter $1 20 bid October; No. 3 do $1 1R, October; $1 18', November; $1 18%, cash. Corn 41%c (ctober; 41%c cash. Oats 25% cash and October. Pork, $13 75. Whisky, $1 08. Cut Meats-Nothing doing. Bacon, 7i4'W4558 %09c. Lard nominal. FOREKW MARKETS. LivIERPoorL, Oct. 1.- -Cotton easy; sales 12,0001 hales; for export and speculation 1000; Middling Uplanls GSA Orleans 0'. Bacon- long clear mniddles 31s; short clear middles 41s. Corn---27s 6da(27s 9d. Lard --47s. Oats - -3s'8@3s 6. Pork -16.49. Tallow--American 41s. Rye ---42s Ol. Wheat--Spring los 3d'(J 11s 9d; winter 11s 7d4012s. Market bare of old baton, new long clear middles 4Us; short 414. PARTS, Oct. 1.- Rtentes 105f 3212%(. THE CONKLINi-IIATE' WAR. How the News of the Rochester Conven tion waS Received at the Capital. [N. Y. World.] WASrNOTON, Sept. 27.-The meagre reports of the Rochester Convention published here this morning simply in tensified the desire to see the proceed ings in full in the New York papers, which arrived soon after 1 o'clock. Neither the supply of Worlds nor, in deed, of any of the New York papers met the demand. Since the speeches of Senator Coulking and Mr. Platt have been road and the platform digested, the opinion seems to be al most universal that the temper of the convention, as doubly reflected in the platform, is hopeless and melancholy. The entire proceedings of the conven tion are regarded as a confession of de feat through the division in the party over the policy of the National Admin istration. Republicans here are even more sur prised at the demoralization which at tended the convention in the declina tion of candidates for office list evening, and in the departure of dele gates before the nomination to-day and in the character of the ticket as finally made up, than in the proceedings themselves. They were hardly pre pared to see an indillerence to an ex tent that admitted defeat at the polls. The members of the Al ministration regard the result quite philosophically. The President regrets it, but doubts if the Republican masses are as divided as are the Republican politicians and office holders. He be lieved the voters would be united in the party in favor of the general course of the Administration towards the whole conntry and in its efforts to re store the public service to a higher de gree of efficiency. The tone of Mr. Conkling's speech leaves no doubt of his position in the Senate, and the pre diction is freely made now that he and Mr. Blaine will forgive anti forget their old differences and bind up their wounds for a united opposition. Secretary Evarts' views on the convention and its work were solici ted, but he did not regard them as necessary for publication. He had al ways acted, he said, with the Republi can party as a party since it had been formed, and had never allied himself with any particular stripe of the politics of the party. It was unfortunate, he thought, that there were differences in New York Republican politics which placed the State in an attitude quite at variance with the harmony in other States on questions of national interest. He hoped that these differences would not aff ct the people in the casting uj1 of the final result. THE OHIO 4 AMPAIIN. [New York Titnes.I CINCINNATI, Oct. 25.-The qiuestion of the Senatorship as I have before stated, is the real motive power of the cam paign. There are six or eight leading candidates, and they are all at work as they never worked in a cam paign before. Nothing is said about the Senatorial vacancy, but the zeal mani fested by Stanley Matthews, Judge Taft, and Gen. Garfield for the election of Judge Wept to the Governorship, or by Gen. Ewing, George H. Pendleton and Gen. Morgan for the election of Mr. Bishop, is re markable. They are willing to speak every night, to ride to remote places, and expend their ablest oratorical ef forts before sleepy rural gatherings. Counties that are known to be close are objects of special so licitude to these gentlemen. The se ries of joint debates just entered upon between Garfield and Pendleton and Matthews and Ewing is giving the public an opportunity of inspecting the leading candidates in pairs. The difference between Mr. Matthews and Gen. Ewing on most of the points under discussion is hardly worth speaking of and yet they are able to talk twelve columns a day at each other. Gen. Gar field and Mr. Pendleton will have the advantage of differing with each other on the question of silver coinage, and their debates will derive additional in terest from this fact. It does not require very close observation to see that these two gentlemen are leading the lists of Senatorial candidates on their respec tive sides. NO MORE hE1 SICKNESS. From Havre comes the tidings that there need by no more sea sickness. A number of persons, it is said, have re peatedly been taken on board the steamtug l'Avant-port, and have put out to sea just where they were most likely to meet with severe tests, and it has been found that those who were provided with a certain electro-mag netic girdle were entirely exempted from sea sickness, while those who be came sea sick without this appliance were almost instantaneously cured by its application. The girdle, it is ex plained tends to check the derange ment of the diaphragm. ('ONKLING'S CONVENTION. THE WAR FEvATOR CONKLING PRO POSES TO MAKE ON THE ADXINIR THATION IN THE UNITED STAIEM MENA SE. Mchurz as the Mephistopheles of the f'ab Inet-His Pecullarities. and Those of Ili. Chum, DII Grosvenor. [Special Curreepondenco of the Democrat.] RtoUHEHTER, N. Y., Sept. 26. I trust I may be pernitted to call attention to the tidelity with which THE ATTITUDE OF HENATOI4 (ONKLINO towards the Administration, as Indicated by the proceedings in the Itepu lican State Con vention here to-day, was prevised in a letter to the DeMoCRAT oil the occasion of Roscoe's return from Europe. You may remember I said in that letter that Mr. Conkling's antag onism to the Administration would not be general, but would take the form of an attack upon certain of the special humbugs of the celebrated firm of Sherman, Evarts and Schura inside the Administration. rho re marks of ex-Congressman Platt In the con vention here to-day foreshadow this policy most authoritatively. Mr. Platt Is the near est ffiend of Senator Conkling, and I have in dubitable authority for the statement that he acted to-day as the Senator's spokesman, by careful instructions and within the most de finite limitations. I will not consume your space by reproducing the text of Mr. Platt's remarks, which have reached you by tele graph and are undoubtedly in type In your composing room at the hour of my writing. My office is rather to point out their signi flcance and explain their hearing. No one can read PrATT'S sPEEcH. without being Impressed with the care which is taken to hit Schurz and Evarts directly and Sherman indirectly without wounding Hayes. The speaker could hardly have made his line of demarcation more distinct by expressly setting it forth in terms. To begin with, Mr. Conkling had THE CONVENTTON all his own way. He could easily have se cured the adoption of a resolution denouncing Hayes personally and repudiating any or all of his policies. Indeed, he resisted a pres sure at the hands of some of the more violent of his adherents exerted to secure a general, war-to-the-knife policy against the Adminis tration as a whole. But the grandiose Sena tor vas too wise to be drawn into any quix otic crusade against the empty sound of the theoretical policy of this Administra tion, and he was wily enough to pick out its detached salients in practice for at tack. Thus the platform is substantially si lent as concerns Mr. Hayes and those por tions of t he Administration programme for which he is generally held directly respon sible; likewise were the speakers quiet on this point. But when the question turned on the humbugs and farces of Schurz & Co., the scope of denunciation was exhausted so far as it could be done without directly assailing Mr. Hayes for having taken such frauds into his Cabinet. But I am not limited for my authority to the public acts of Mr. Conkling's friends in the convention. I will not say that I have interviewed the Senator himself, but I will say that I can speak for him and of his designs as accurately as if I had. He will go to Washington about the last of next week and, upon theopening of the session, will assume his duties as if nothing had h appened. l1e will go on about his busi ness until some office holder is sought to be removed under THE LATE "CTVIL SERVICE ORDER," about which so much has been said and by which so little has been done. Then, when the name of the offending official's successor is sent to the Senate, Mr. Conkling will rise in his majesty in executive session, of course,) and ask whether the American citizen has any rights which Carl Schurz and other pro fessional reformers are bound to respect? And if so, whether it is not about time some legal definition of those rights were declared by competent authority. This will form the piece di resistance of Mr. Conkling's role. I asked my informant plumply, "What will Senator Conkling have to say on THE SOUTHERN QUESTION ? Will he antagonize what is called the Southern policy of the Administration ?" "As to that," was the reply, "I can say this: Mr. Conkling will doubtless favor the seating of Kellogg as Senator from Louisi ana. In discussing that question it may become necessary for him to define his views as to the legality of the State government from which Mr. Kellogg holds credentials, and incidentally to review the methods by which that government was subverted. Of course I cannot say just how far he will go, or to what extent he will inveigh against the President personally, for failing to sustain what he will hold to have been and to still be the de jiere government of Louisiana. But my impression is that he will simply argue that Kellogg holds credentials from the de jure government, declare that that govern ment was overturned by violence and in de flance of the constitution, and there rest his case without animadverting upon the Presi dent. You know," continued my informant. "that there is such a thing known to lawyers as over-arguing a case. Well, Senator Conk ling is too astute a lawyer to over-argue his case. That part of the programme he will doubtless leave for Blaine or some other hot head to carry out!" "Then I am to infer that Mr. Conkling does not intend to denounce the Southern policy simply as a policy-or rather as a political theory ? " " Did you ever know Mr. Conkling-and you have watched him during a good part of his career in Washington-did you ever know him to tilt against a windmill? Now what is called 'ithe Southern policy' is all froth and wind and gust excepting solely two definite acts, one of which resulted in the election of Mr. Spofford to contest the seat claimed by Mr. Kellogg in the United States Senate. In Mr. Conkling's estimation this single fact pre sents the only phase of the effects of the Pres ident's Southern policy which can possibly pass under the jurisdiction of the Senate for review. This fact, as I, said, will be taken But with the domestic concerns of the people of Louisiana he will not interfere. He will not have anything to say on the subject of the dest ruction of THE PAC'KARD GOVERN3MENT, except in regard to its legal existence prior to its collapse for want of force to sustain it." "lint you have still failed to make this point quite clear to me. Will Mr. Conkling's attitude be designed to reinvigorate the old Radical hatred of the South and to renew the bitterness of the last ten years ? That is what I am particularly interested in finding out." "Again, I say, Mr. Conkling will discuss the question of Mr. Kellogg's claim to a seat In the Senate on purely legal grounds and will carefully abstain from all semblance of political oratory. He believes Kellogg is en titled to the seat and will so hold, Irrespect ive of all political and with an eye single to legal considerations. Beyond this I can as sure you he will not 'antagonize the Southern policy of the Administration,' for the reason that this is all there is of the 'Southern pol icy' practical enough for Mr. Conkling to handle, If for no other. Yoh know Senator Conkling never undertakes to handle or deal with anything except practical facts." Now it was a surprise to me to learn these things, because I had always counted on Mr. Conkling as one of those Republicans who would vote against the seating of Brindle Bill. I am not sure but there is a list. on tile against me in the DEM(OMAT, telegraphed from Washington last spring, in which Conkling is set down as one of four or five Republican Senators who could be de pended on to vote "No" on the resolution which Senator Bayard moved to amend by Inserting the word "not," and it may be that I put him down as likely to vote for Bayard's amendment. If so, I still think that I cor rectly represented his attitude at that time, though, perhaps, he did not regard the pro posed action then as final. But the election of SpofTord makes the issue now final, and I have no reason to doubt that my informant has given me a most accurate definition of Mr. Conkling's present views and future de signs in the premises. Now a word as to the convention. As I said before, Mr. Conkling had it all his own way. He is certainly supreme in the councils of the Republican party in this State,and will secure a large majority of the Republican State Senators who are to be chosen this fall. Whether the Republicans will have a mia iority in THE STATE SENATE or not is quite another matter. I think it will I be very close--probably not more than one or two majority either way, with chances in favor of the Democrats, unless the senseless fight between Tilden, Tammany and John Morrissey results in a sacrifice of some of the city districts. As to THE LOWER HOUSE OF THE LEOISLAT'IRE there will be no fight, except, of course, Mr. Conkling would like to have his friends in the ascendancy there as well as in the Senate. But the lower house, which assists in choos ing a United States Senator, will not be chosen this fall. The fight is solely on the State Sen ate which holds over and takes part in the choice of a Senator a year from this winter. The weakness of THE OI'POSTTION TO MR. ('ONKLING has been, as his friend just said to me, of the bulk of Hayes' "Southern policy ;" that it was "all wind and froth," while the strength of Conkling has been the devotion of himself and his friends to such "practical facts" as primary elections and county conventions. So It always will be as long as the President allows his administration to be run by professional re formers like Schurz, for whom nobody has any respect except Hayes, and in whom no body has any confidence except his own self. Conkling is a wise, wily, far-sighted man, keenly versed in the art of manipulating human nature and controlling men; and thus he will always get the start of managers like Schurz, whose strength of character is con fined to his egotism and whose strength of purpose is bounded by his selfishness. A, C. B. Nonwon, N. Y., October 27. As soon as I had ascertained the facts set forth in the foregoing, the subsequent proceed ings at. Rochester interested me no more and I took the train for home at 3:10 a. m. I did not care to remain and witness the scalping of the "Anti-Conkling Republican party," which has been bulit up in New York by the marvelous Civil Service Reform of the Ad ministration. Having seen it tomahawked, I was satisfied and had no desire to see the indignities which I knew would be visited up on the cold corpus in the proceedings of to day. On arriving home, I went to the post olYlce and found the DEMoCRAT of last Sun day, containing A DELTNEATTON OF JOHN SHERMAN in his appropriate character of Mephisto pheles. It is not my design to criticise that article. But you will allow me to say that in bestowing credit upon Sherman for all the I pitiable shams and disgusting frauds which have marked the first six months of this Reform Administration, you do great injus tice to two kindred spirits who, if less than John in magnitude, are certainly his peers in meanness, as far as they go. I mean Evarts and Schurz. For the present I propose to deal only with Schurz, for the reason that I know him hest and that he has been the busier of the two in Iconcocting shams. There is probably no man now in public life so little known, or rather, so universally misunderstood, as CARL SCHURZ. He is looked upon by the great mass as a man of singularly pure and lofty mind, whose sole weakness is its tendency to tran scendentalism, and whose only fault uis that it is a little too pure and lofty to be effective in our present political condition. This esti mate is ludicrously false and fallacious. I have known Schurz intimately for some years, and, until he had betrayed and abused my confidence in his characteristic manner, I was his friend. But when I found out by ex perience that he was AN INSTINCTIVE POLITICAL SWINDLER, an intuitive liar, and utterly destitute of even the shadow of personal honor whenever he deemed his -interest at stake, I became > . it69r ,rgoe him1 friends, the Texas editors, accuse me of "truckling to." I sincerely hope the courtoous and punetili- " ous gentleman who edits the I)EMrocRAT will for once disuse the pencil which he 1s wont to draw through my epithets, and print those I 'u have applied to Mr. Schurz errbetim et liWera liUn, for that I shall be in Washington before this letter can get back there from New Or leans, and it cannot be said that I have taken advantage of distance. If I can le said to have taken advantage of anything, it will be f rather 'rTE cOWARIhIi'E OF 1m1. seiiTTiU., which is as well known to me as his menda- a city or his lack of honor. t I will relate an incident: Some years ago I wrote a letter from Washington to the St. Louis Republi'an defining the attitude which Mr. Schurz would sustain in the State van- t vase then pending, in which he was to take c part as an avowed candidate for re-election to I the United States Senate. This letter was r written with the privity of Schur', and was f actually revised and corrected by certain f friends of his, so that I was warranted in de- c Glaring it "authoritative." It was intended as the key note of the campaign, and as such I was proceeded upon by the Reputblicean, then the English speaking organ of Schurz in Missouri, and by the W tllieh' Post, of which, as you are aware, Mr. Schurz was at that time proprietor. But It happened that BILT. (RiOAVENOR, who has long been a sort of trainer for Schurz's political trick-mule, was tempora rily editing the moribund St. Louis Democrat, and he had an "Independent" programme of his own, which involved Schurz as a leading performer. Bill was terribly set back when he found that Schura had promulgated his - proiamiiento through the Republican. What Bill wanted was to so engineer the State ticket as to gather the gubernatorial patronage of the city of St. Louis Into his own [ hands for his share, and he knew very well that if the steady-going and highly respecta h ble old W'publiean kept the movement in its " leading-strings there would be no show for him. So he immediately set about cut I ting Schurz loose from the Republican and all its influences. He knew just what chord of Schurz's nature to strike. He appealed to his cowardice; told him the atti tude in which my letter hal placed him was too defiant; that it would never do, and that he must disavow the letter of the article but retain so much of the spirit of it as would be necessary to suit their purposes. Schurz did I as Grosvenor bid him---went back on himself r and upon as unselfish an act of kindness and T good faith as ever one man (lid for another s wriggled, twisted, lied and sneaked, and 1 finally went and did in the campaign just ex factly what I said he would do- -except that he ac'epted Bill Grosvenor's services as ring master, which had not. been included in the original scheme as set forth by me. His r act therefore amounited to this: He induced a correspondent to do him a favor in good - faith and then, frightened by the representa r tions of a scoundrel who had designs of his - own in the premises, he tried to turn the © favor back upon its doer in the shape of a curse. And this he did at the instace of a leper who was cashiered from the army for an offense too vile to be named in these col umns, and who had subsequently allowed his wife to be saved from the Potter's field by the charity of friends after she had died of his own neglect and brutality. Such was and is to this (lay Carl Schurz's most in timate friend and most trusted adviser. And such a man Schurz would have I had next to himself in the Interior Depart ment had he not known that I had the record iof the court-martial in my pocket, and would cause them to be laid before the Senate along with Grosvenor's name, if he should be nomi nated as assistant secretary. I need not allude to HTIS LATER AND MORE NOTORIOUS EXPTOIT as a liar, and his superiority as a reform humbug is so plain that even mention of it would be supertiuous. I hope my friend, the editor of the l)EMOURAT, will so far amend his recent article upon John Sherman as to accord to Carl Schurz the proper amount of credit for his lesser, perhaps, but by no means cleaner, share in the debauchery of poor Mr. Hayes, and the destruction of his administration. A. C. B. Ir IT HONEWST? Editor e-maocreal - The pol ice of the city, who were engaged at the low rate of $50 per month with the understanding that they would be paid in cash, are to-day tr ying to dispose of their scrip for last month's services, and are offered sixty cents on the dollar. Out of this they will have to pay, during the three months coming, for their winter uniforms. Although the taxes of 1876 are payable only in cash, with interest and costs; and though tens of thousands of dollars of 1876 taxes have been paid in since the first of the year, the salaries of employes of the city for 1876 re mnin unpaid, and their scrip sells at about thirty-three cents. In the face of this the city government pays out the people's money in the payment of premiums and interest, on bonis not only utterly invalid in themselves as against char ter and contract obligations, but which (many of themi have been pronounced as unconsti tutional and illegal in the decision of the Master in Chancery of the United States Court. If there is a single illegal or fraudulent issue of city bonds made under the regime of Warmtth or West, or under military appoin tees, which is nut to-day, without question, made a sharer in premitms, which is it? Why but a few days smice it was made a matter of special glorification and notice, because a "gentleman just from Europe" had funded $250,000 of bonds. The bonds were mainly or all of them drainage series, and not onl utterly illegal as violating both the charter of 1852- 53 and also that of 1869, but were issued under the cor rupt drainage act of 1871, which was as un mitigated a steal as was ever compassed by corrupt legislation. The money of the taxpayer goes to pay premiums on injustice and fraud, while the police and other faithful servants of the city must accept scrip at the best they can get for it. Is this honest ? Itespectfully, 8. Offner's grand opening takes place Monday. "Yes, ma'am, I broke the vase." said Bridget, "but it wasn't worth any thing." "What do vou mean, Bridget?" "Why, yoea A ,yourself, never to utit Ie4ree THtE EAST. LIFE IN JIODlERN ATHENS-THE EO* TEL.S, 0H(JPs AND CAFES. The Interent Felt by the Greeks is the Turklqh War-The Government Afraid to Go into the War. ATrmNs, Greece, August 17, 1877. IXlitor Democrat-It is an expectation formed without reflection, but frequently IDf dulged in, that one should find a plaO A,^ Athens, for instance, just as he has accustomed to fancy it existing seven 1. thousand years ago. The old city may slat be intact from the assaults of time. But $I never occurs to me that the surroundlng of the nineteenth century will so jar upon the sacredness of the past as to leave nothing of its distinctive character. Alas! there ia nothing stable under the stars. And there is no association, however revered, that is not subject to be mutilated by the obtrusion at some common-place object or vulgar Incident or suggestion. I shall never forget the shock I received o0 , bright morning before sunrise. August, 1871i, when, just entering the Joppa gate of Jert-, salem, on being encountered by a runner fan solicited to stop at the Mediterranean Hoted, a capital house, it was urged, kept by Mtr Brown, and with a good view from MoQIIt Zion, on which it was placed. Last year, $to .Japan, I was a guest of a hotel kept by Mr. Smith. Now, here in Athens, in sight of the Acropo lIs, I am staying in THE NEW YORK HOTEL. There is no reason why this hotel should named New York, for there is not the faint possible suggestion of that city in anytbill e about the establishment. On the contraryp' ,I the hotel is clean, -wel managed and-honostly conducted. The other hotels here are equally solic toeis of a recognition of their familiarity wit 4 foreign countries. We have the Great BritlIl r Hotel, France Hotel, and Strangers' Hotel, 1r Sgeneral. The shops, too, of Athens as g4 g very modern in the display of English s . t French goods in their windows; the dwe houses are so neatly built of stone, with - closures of flowers and shade trees; the streets are so ingeniously paved with cobbl1 t stones, that rattle with rapid cabs and opt-i Lt riages, and at night sparkle with gas; t1 e men and women are so elaborately clad fill d cassimeres and lawns and capped. by su1k if enormous silk hats and chip bonnets; thl d children by the wayside are so earnestly .e gaged iniconstructing mud pies or frightel. d ing horses by unexpected kites; that it r-. . quires a painful search to discover anything e that smacks of antiquity, or even, indeed, ol one's preconceived notion of THE PRESNT OREEK. The signs over the shop doors are la t` Greek character. This is a great comfort = a lonely traveler. Reading signs over doom is an unfailing entertainment to the philobo.j phic mind in all ages and countries. But when the sign is in Greek, the inter-t. and purity of the delight can hardly be est. mated; and days may be spent in g from one end of a street to another. We will admit a propriety in the fruits A vegetables and fish in the market modern. It were to expect too much to for the ancient among these, though it is fre quently found in the last. But THE WINE which is drunk asserts itself, and estab its connection with the classic era. For the wine in Greece has resin put in it, as.. had in the days of Homer. You cannot get mouthful of wine in Athens without an companying dose of tar, When you ask this inhumihn custom is kept up you are t it is done for medicinal purposes; that it pº-. vents the rheumatism. You naturally y. you have notthoerheumatism and do not it, but would rather have it than drink stuff. With a supercilious smile, that p1tes your ignorance and want of cultivation, ysg interlocutor turns off his wine and make b4 lieve he likes it. This nethisd of mak liquor medicinal is cominendei to the talers as a sure cure of intemperance. ever, such as it is, everybody takes It out coaxing, and if one is to jud f5. number of the cafes there is a grad taken. THE CAFE is ,the agora of the modern Greek. In finds a scope for his mental activities. every one comes to discuss the news of (lay. Any time, mornlg or evening, may see the Athenians, in groups of four five, seated at a table on which there are of beer or glasses of the resinous wine country, haloes of tobacco smoke endr their brows, settling the affairs of the with equal ,violence and as little result similar assemblages of other countries. is not reminded of the ancient Greeks in the strophe and anti-strophe of conversation. Everybody talks at which is very comfortable and satief as it prevents occasions for dispute by discoveries of differences of opi Sometimes it happens that some one, tious of distinction will emerge from clouds of a cafe and soar to the height of improvised rostrum in the street. As, other day, in front of the King's palace the intervals of the performance of a mil hand, a swarthy orator seized the occasioatG deliver himself of an oration on THYE TURKISH WAR, for this is the burden of every song. It is Im possible to overestimate the interest take - >y the Greeks in the present struggle tween Turkey and Russia. Thoughfift years have elapsed since Greece has "e ' emancipated from the Ottoman power, tlbon animosities born of that revolution have besi kept perfectly fresh and vigorous by the eos. stant irritants of conflicting religious ant rival border interests. But it is not merely from sympathy with Russia, professing the same religion with the Greek, that makes the present war of so ab. sorbing an interest to the people of Athena. The idea has taken possession of the Gree mind until it has ripened to a convictk* nothing can ever disturb, that THRMALY AND CRETE properly belong to the Greek kingdom, and is the fitness of things must be annexed to that power. And there is no question the reiiiMt' ity of the map does require the inco of Thessaly with Greece. indeed, it is cult to understand why the powers Europe, in giving an autonomy the land of Themistocles, in 1827, shore have been content with such a division of tsr ritory as that made by an arbitrary inS, which threw Albania, Thessaly, MaeIdoiscs and Thrace to the northof the country woe independence they had just 3ecur w every reason should be considered favor of the freedom of the southern part the peninsula of Turkih dominion, ithnifoe in th ebw se QeeyoIdnea tis ,