Newspaper Page Text
THE NEW ORLEANS DAILY DEMOCRAT.
OFFICIAL JOURNAL OF THE STATE OF LOUISIANA AND OF 2HE CITY OF NEW ORLEANSB. VOL. II---NO. 31:3. NEW ORLEANS, SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 10, 1877. PRICE, FIVE CENTS. OUR MEXI('AN RELATIONS. TEE PROBAUILITIES OF A WAR WITH MEXICO. Sherman and Hayes Quarrel Over thIe New Orleans Cnstom-House--The President Determined to Take the Matter En tirely in His Own Hands. S1pecial to the Democrat.] Was.INaTON. Nov. 9.-The Texas delegation -i the House has 'abandoned the atte.mpt to in elude a-provision for State volunteers in the army appropriation bill, and as a compromise the regular regiments on the border will be xrased'to a full war footing. In the meanwhile Our 'relations with Mexico continue compli 4aed. A secret service, organized by the State Department last spring to i9testigate the State -fMlelican public sentiment, has begun to re 1 po.t, and the intelligence is all warlike. 'Com Wlete maps of at leastthree routes to the City of Mexico have behn made for military use'within the last four montbsAnd war is discussed in .Administrative circles as almost a foregone ,conclusion. At present the above is all that -an be said, but the only reason why the reports are withheld from publication is that several members of the commibtion are still in Mexico, and publication would tend to embarrass their operations if not endanger their lives. It is probable that comprehensive agitation of O.r Mexican relations in Congress will be post poned until the regular session. lack Wharton has got safe through the senate Judiciary Committee. which bhad his nomination under consideration, and will be confirmed at the next executive session. The Louisiana delegation has seen the Hecre tary of War again relative to lied river obstruc tions, and a survey of the raft will be ordered with a view of contracting for its removal. The Seoretary seems to be in doubt whether he can proceed any further than this without a special act from Congress, as there is no general fund -lathe treasury applicable to such cases. Some days ago, at the instance of Mad. Wells John Sherman went to the White House and asked Mr. Hayes when King's name was to be seat in. Mr. Hayes informed Sherman that he had taken personal charge of that matter and would at the paper time act in accordance with his own judgment. A conversation followed, in which the President strongly intimated that Sherman ~d aot managed the New Orleans Custom-Bonse atronage either to the public advantage or t4 the credit of his administra tration. That on this account he (the Presi dentl,had felt called upon to interfere and that his interference was final. Sherman is said to have left the White House in drooping spirits. Subsequently it was re ported to the President that when old Wells heard what had passed between the former and Sherman he grew furious and made his usual threat of divulging all about the count of the vote, whereupon the President is said to have exclaimed he had no objection to Mr. Wells making any confession which his conscience, if "--b irere troubled with any such incumbrance, might dictate, but that he had decided to take control of the patronage of the New Orleans Custom-House himself, and could not be swerved from his purpose. Warmoth is pressing Emingham Lawrence for the Collectorship vice King. but with little prospect of success. I see no reason as yet to doubt that Packard will be the man. Warmoth will probably succeed in getting George Sheri dan appointed Collector of Internal Revenue. vice Coekrem, but that will be the end of his In l-mn BTTELLT.T CP.NGMR.SI NAL PROUCEEDNtia. The Senate. WASaHINGTON Nov. 9.-The Senate met at 12 o'cloek m. Bills and petitions were presented and re ferred. as follows: By Mr. Sargent: A motion that when the Senate adjourn to-day it be to meet on Monday next. By Mr. Morgan: A petition of the citizens of Alabama asking for an approortation for the improvement of the harbor of Mobile. Re ferred to the Committee on Appropriations. By Mr. Davis: A favorable report from the Committee on Public Buildings and Groundls for the enlargement .of the Capitol grounds west of the Capitol. Mr. Davis explained the provisions of the bill, and the necessity of enlarging the grounds and approaches to the Capitol on the west side, and showing that the value of the land to be taken was asses ed itt about 125.00o. Mr. Whyte contended that the b 11 should be amended so as to provi ie for a commission qr jury to appraise the land instead of leaving It entirely to the judge ofithe court, as the bill then read. Senator Davis said that the bill was drawn precisely like the bill passed for taking two squares east of the Capitol. and was in accord ance with the practice of the government in such cases. After further discussion the bill was laid over, subject to amendment. Called up by Mr. Beck: A bill to authorize the payment of all customs duties in legil tender notes. R-ferred to the Committee on Finance. By Mr. Mitchell: A bill to extend the time for the construction of the Northern Pacific Rail road. Referred to the Committee on Railro id +Oespanies. Also. a bill providing for the re moval of the Walla-Walla. Piute and other tribes of Indians in Oregon. Referred to the Committee on Indian Affairs. By Mr. Hereford: A bill for the relief of the Methodist Episcopal Church South. Referred to the Committee on Claims. By Mr. Davis. of West Virginia: A resolution calling upon the Secretary of the Interior for the total number of Indian tribes in the United States and numb-r of Indians in each tribe, the number of re..ervation. and the extent of the dame, a condens, I statement of the laws and Sss by which they are governed, and the ehanter and statute where they may be found. Also a statement of the amount of money re quired to carry on t',e treaty obligations be tween the Uni el States government and the Indians. Referred to the Committee on Indian Affairs. By Mr. Dawes: A bill In relation to the juris diction of the district Courts in Utah. Referred to the Committee on the Judiciary. The chair aopointed Mr. Kirkwood to the Committeeon Foreign Rp ations; Mr. Ingalls to the Committee on Priivlegies and Electi -is, and Mr. Saunders on the committee on Railroads. All are in place of Mr. Morton, deceased. Mr. Mitchell. of the Committee on Privileges and Elections, resigned, so as to make Mr. Wad leigh chairman of the committee. Mr. Mitchell said that he desired to retain the chairmanship of the Committee on Rail roads, and asked that a transposition of names be made on the Committee of Privileges and Eleetions. Adopt-d. On motion of Mr. Edmunds the Senate at 12:57 pm. went into executive session. At 1:(t p. m.the doorsw re reopened and the Senate adjourned until Monday. The House. WASHINGTON, Nov. 9.-The House was olined With prayer by the Rev. Dr. Wills of the West ern Presbyterian C iurch of Washington, D. C. Mr. Clymer offered a resolution de laring A. B. Harrison elected Chaplain of the House. Mr. Foster moved to substitute the name of the Rev. J. G. Butler. The amendment was rejected and theor'ginal resolution was agreed to. Mr. Lutrell offered a resolution that, whereas serious charge- have been made againit the management ..f the Mare Island N ivy Yard, the Committee on Naval Affairs be directed to in iuir4 into such charges and report to the House ap the question of the advisability of appointing m, mmlssion to investigate and report on the h e. Referred to the Committee on N-.val ,ibA. from the Committee on Naval Af ted a letter from the Secretary of Oi 0 the paras 3VpqsfitjalAd a join't resolution relating to same subject; also,). a'otter from the Secretary of State in relation to the ne-essit. of IAgislation to enable the pay ment of awards by the Mexican Claims ('ommis Jeion. 'Ordered printed and recommitted. Mr. Williams of Oregon. presented the r-eso lutions adopted by the Board of Trade of Port land, Oregon, recommending the ext-nston of time for the completion of the Northern Pacific Railroad. Referred to the Committee on Pacifli Railroads. I n motion of Mr. Atkins the House went into committee of whole on the army appropriation bill. the debate on the pending paragraph having been limited to twenty min utes. Mr. Baker, of Indiana, said that so far as he knew, the Republican side did not desire any increase of the army at this time, but they de sired it to remain just where the law put it. Mr. Foster said that the R publicans were not responsible for the defeat of the army hill: everything could have been agreed upon had it not been for the unprecedented, unwarranted and unconstitutional clause restricting the use of the army. The Republicans did not desire the army for police purposes. but when the President was called upon. as by the Governors of Maryland and West Vfrginia during the late riots, he hail nothing else to do but this. It had been said that the restrictive clanuse was not now necessary. beoause the President hail come over to the Democratic policy. It was well known that in lcs;a when the De)mocrats met at Chicago and declared war for the Union a failure, they would. had they had control of the House, have inserted just such a restriction clause as the one in the last army bill. Mr. Hewitt said that the gentlemen had for gotten that there was a Democratic Governor in New York when the call for troops was made, and how that call was responded to. Mr. Foster said he had not forgotten thils, nor had he forgotten the New York riots. Mr. Hewitt continued, defending the action of the a mmittee, and in its opposition to striking out he limiting clause. The vote was then taken on the amendment proposed by Mr. Blackburn. to limit the army to 15,000 men, which was rejected )iy 40( yeas to Io6 navs. Mr. Blackburn anppealed to Mr. Atkinstoallow the yea andi nay vite in the House to proceed. Mr. Atkins said that he desired to be courte one to the gentlem in, but his sense of duty would not allow him to consent. Mr. Blackburn--Tten I trust that the previous question wlI never be ordered. An amendment was proposed by Mr. Sehlie cher to strike out the clause restricting the recruiting to the number of men in the army on the 1st of November, 1877. This was agreed to by 122 to 114. Mr. Atkins offered an amendment that no money appropriated by this act shall be paid for the recruiting of the army beyond the number of 20.o0o enlisted men, ineluding Indian Mr. Conger made the point of order that this was not legislation in the interest of economy, as it did niot reduce the amount appropt lated. Mr. c(.hleicher said that he was satisfied that this important bill could not pass unless there was a spirit of compromise, anti intimated his willinaness to accept the amendment. He was satisfl.t that the reduction ot infantry would cripple the service elsewhere, but as Texas wanted cavalry he accepted the amendment. and lift the responsibility for the injury to the infantry where it belonged. The amendment was agreed to. Yeas 125. navys 115. Mr. Banning offered a further amendment, that nothing herein contained should be con strued to authorize the increase of the army be yond 25 ,0e men. Adopted. Mr. Waddell off-,rd an amendment: Thai after the 30th r f June, 1l7s. appointments to the Military Academy shall not be more than one from each Statte, atid shall be mad', by the Gov ernors; and that supernumerary officers of the army shall be employed as instructors. Ruled out on a point of ,rder. Mr. Foster. of Ohio. when the clause appro priating $11,300,000 was reached, called ateontion to the fact that the amendment offered by Mr. Tucker authorized an inir. ase of the caval y from an00 to 12.000, and said teat more money would be required for th-ir payment. Mr. Atkins suguested that this subject be left until the amendment could be had in print and the n- cessary calculations be male. Mr. Conger. who had renewed his point of or der on Mr. Tucker's second proposition and had been overruled. said that he desired to call the attention of the Chair to the admissi ,n of the chairman that the amendment involved an in crease of expenditures. Whether this opinion of the committee would have any effect upon the Chair he was unable to de ermine. The chairman had admitted that the amendment Increased the expenditures so much that he could not compute it in his present disturbed state of mind. iLaughter) A prolonged debate here arose on the num ber of men in the army. Mr McGinnis argued that the frontiers of the Territories of New Mexico and Arizona required protection, and pointed out the danger and losses that could have been avoided had the army been larger He urged that the presence of troops in the Northwest would be a check upon Sitting Bull, who otherwise would return and sweep the country along the Pacifle Rail road. Mr. Townsend explained that the army cast more than a larger number did in i.so. because though advancing in civilization, the country over which it operated had been vastly extended He pointed out the necessity for troops in or iler to suppress the Indian disturbances. It was the duty of the government to protect its citizens, and there should be no hesitation in sending troops to protect these peoplie. There was but one mode, it seem,-d, to deal with thl.-e Indians. and that is to withdraw thile troops and conciliate them Ilaughter] on the Republican side. On motion of Mr. Atkins the committee rose and retired. On motion of Mr. Lintrell at 2:55 the House adjourned. NOVEMBER ELECTIONS. IMISSISSIPPI. JACKSoN, Nov. 9.-In Lauderdale the election passed off quietly. The vote for Stone was 1348. There was no Independent ticket in the field except for Sheriff, and the Democratic can didate for that offie obtained 1016 majority. On the amendments the votes were as follows: F,,r abolishing the office of Lieutenant Governor, s92 maiority: for biennial sessions of the Legis 1 ture 771 majority. I i Wilki,.son, Alcorn, Rankin and Remper counties the independent candidates for sheriff were (elected. In Kemper, Geo. L. Welsh. Independant. beat Mr. Gully, the regular nominee. some difficulty in the count, however, may arise, as some of the ballot-boxes were stolen and. no doubt, de stroyed. The destroyed boxes gave Wilsh 127 majority. The vote was qui'e close in Rankin. For Senator Montgomery, Democrat, received 1201 votes; Brown, Independent. 972. For Repre sentatives the vote was: Pat. Heoury. Democrat, 1137; S. W. Robinson. Demncrat, 1161; Geo. Brooks, Independent, 1091; A. ). D. ogers. Inde peod -nt, 1021. For Sheriff-Rhodes, Democrat, los9; Harris. Independent, 11:17. '1 he majority in favor of the amendment abolishing the ',fflce of Lieutenant Governor was 674; in favor of biennial sessions of the Le islature. 796. The vote in Vicksburg for Senator, over which the contest had b-en prineiDaly waged, was: Furlo'g, Democrat, 885; Spears, Independent, 421. Furlong ran some 200 votes behind the rest of the Democrat ticket. In Newton he official vote for Gov. Stone was 665. The amendments were voted on as follows: For abolishing the office of Lieutenant Gov ernor, 76 majority; for abiennial session of the Lea:slature, 538 majority. PIn Attila county the election passed off quietly. Glass, one of the Democratic n,,minef.s, and H. C. Niles, Republican, were elected to the Legislature. PENNSYLVANIA. PHILADELPHIA, Nov. 9.-Nearly complete re turns show about to,000 Democratic majority in Pennsylvania. Morrissey Il. NEW YoRK. Nov. 9.-John Morrissey is se riously ill, and will have to go South to recuper ate when able to travel. Failures. SAN FRANCISCO, Nov. 9.-Fordham & Jennings have f'iled. Liahilites $90.000. They offer forty can's on the dollar. CINCINNATI, Nov. 9.-It is reported that Carl Sack. of the firm of Eichberg & Sa k, has :b s onded with $o0.000 borr, wed money. Eich berg & Back have made assignment. Get your kid gloves at Kreeger's. Jed4 vxargas lni tatimtethe4Jhias Paltam. ('APITAL NOTES. AN INDIAN POW-WOW. The Ponca Chiefs Visit the Great Father. WASHINGTON, Nov. lo.-The Indians compris ing the delegation of Poncas, who arrived here ynsterday to treat for t heir land and to beg to he allowed to return to their old reservation in Dakota Territory on the White River, had a 'ounell with the Preshldent this afternoon in the Cabinet room at the White House. Besid-s the President there was present at the pow-wow Secretary Sehurz. Indian Commissioner Hoyt, and Major Howard. agent for the P'oneas In dians. They spoke,of course, through inter prters. Whlte Eagle, head chief, was first presented to the President..and made a somewhat lengthy spee , h. (Great Father." he began "I have met you to-day, anti it appears as If I had been walking for a long time through the dark elouds and had suddenly come into the light." He then went on to say that it sometimes happens that very good men are negicrted and that it was so with his people. A while back, some of his forefathers had coemoto see the Great Father antd had broulght hack some advice, telling the men to give up hunting and cultivate the lands and make houses like the white man. He had remnembtcred what his forefathers had told him and had actid accordingly. He and his ni-ople had built hourss and cultivated the lands in Dakota and were living happy and get .ing along splendidly when. suddenly, a man came among them and said they would have to goto the Indian Te-rritory. wherethev are now. Whether that man was sent by the! Gent Father they di t not know. but they did its hle ire.-ted. They left their homes, their crors in the field and their farming Implements. and went. where they are now; they had been living on a reserva tin which tied been theirs as long as their fore fatihers could remen-mber, and where all were happy and good. This they left for one which is far away and where many of their people have died. They were in a very had way when they go there. until their agent, Maj 'r Howard. had sent to them. He had helped then, and he (White Eagi) had wanted to see the Great Fa her for a long time, but t seemedtl as if the bad Indians always had the first chances to come and see him. All he wanted was to go back to his ol i reservation, the right to wiich he had not. signed away. Whatever the Great Father thought best he would do. Standing Bull was the next speaker. He said that the great Father had given his people a very good road to follow, but to day they were off that road. The great Father had advised them to work for themselves, and this they had done until they were removed. and that to leave all their things behind them. and go to a coun try where their peooplr were learning everything. He wanted the great Father to help them, and send them back to their old reservation. Standing Bear said about the same, and re minded the Great Fatoer that whenever any body tried to do good. and finds that he is on the wrong road. he immediately gets on the other. The Great Father, he knew, wanted to do his people good when they were sent oiff their reservation, but now tr~ t he found he had don them harm, he hoped hewoutid -nd them bih-k. Where he now was his ponies were being stolen and his people dying fast. The last speaker was he Chief. iHe reiterated the assertion of rhe speakers who had preceded him. and said that since his people had been r . moved to the Indian Trrritory last spring, thirty-six of them had died and a good many of their cattle had also died. After he had fin ished the President turnedito the interpreter and said: "Tell them I have listined attentiveily to what they have said. I will consider carefully about it and will let thelm know what I can di.. I will do the best I can. for wh n I have considered the matter carefully I will send for them again. I now will shake hands withi them to-day and see them ag ain to-m',rrow." The Ind ans who were dressed in their native costume and slightly painted, after shaking hands with the President were conducted from tie, wUhite l-.- f,, ti-,.;. 1,.,4 the White Hous. to their hotal. The Department of the Eait. WASHINoTON. Nov. 9.-By direction of the President that portion of the Division of the At lantie which embraces the New England States and the State of New York, except the depart ment end post of West Point, and the States of New Jersey Pennsylvania, Delaware. Mary lnnd. Virginia. West Virginia, Ohio. Michigan, Wisconsin. Indiana and the District of Colum bian, is hereby constituted a military department, and will be known as the Department of the East. Maior General W. S. Hancock will be com iranding with his headquarters in New York city, in addition to his command of the Division of the Atlantic. Red River Raft. WASHINGTON. Nov. ,9.-Mr. Ellis succeedd to day in having Secretary McCrary order Major Benyaurd, of the Engineer Corps, to remove the raft in lied river above Shreveport, and to keep the river open. The Harbor of New Orleans. WASHINGTON, Nov. 9.-Secretary Thompson will to-day order. at the solicitation of Con gressman Ellis, a government vessel to b( laied at the disposal of the city of New Or leans for the improvement of the harbor t'ere. Arctic Exploration. WASHINGTON. Nov. 9,-The friends of the Arc tic exploration have reason t, hope for the favorable action upon the hill introduced by Mr. Hunter and referred to the Naval e immit tee, from the fact that the President is from the State and home of the lamented Dr. Hall. the Speaker of the House from the home of Dr. Kane and Mr. Willis, the member having chargd- of th,, bill. from the home of Dr. Hayes. This coincidence, taken in connecion with the romantic interest felt on this subject by the general public, cannot fail to have a favorable influence upon legislation. Mr. Stanley's success in Central Africa has left the Polar problem the only geographical one unsolved, and. as it is one that applies directly and by as sociatin to American ambition and national pride, prompt measures should be taken to bear off the prize for which so many nations are con tending. The Senate Committee on the Judiciary. WASHINGTON. Nov. 9.-The Senate Committee on the Judliciary had a meeting, but owing to the fact that th re was no quorum, it took no action upon the nomination of Gen. Harlan. of Kentucky. to be Associate Justice of the United States supreme Court. The nomination of Robert H. Crittenden. to be United Sates Marshal for Kentucky, was retorted favorably to the Senate in executive session to-day, but no action was had upon it. The Letter Carriers. WASHINooTN. Nov. s.-A delegation from the National Letter Carriers' C ,nvention ha-I an in formal hearing before the H use Committee on Post Offices and Post Roads to-day. and pre sented statements in support of the petition of the letter carriers of the ,cuntry for increased con pe.'sation. The delegation received the committee's assurance that their petition would receive its careful consideration. The im pre- son prevails th it an increase of salaires of letter carriers will be r- commended. TWelsh Confirmed. WASHINGTON, Nov. 9.-The Senate in execu tive se-sion to-day confirmed the nomination of John S Welsh, to be Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Great Britain. The Northern Pacille Railroad. WASHINoTON, Nov. 9.-The bill introduced by BSnator Mitchell to-lay, in relation to the ex tension of the time for the construction of the Norhern Paciflc Railroad. grants the company an additional eight years in which to comolete the main line, via the Columbia rive" and Port land. Oregon, to the terminus at Taconian. Puget Sound: "but the said ixtensi,n of time shall not apply tothe main line north of Ta conia, nor to the north branch line of the rail road asro a the Cascade Mountains to Puget Bound, in Washington Territory." The land grant of these br.tnches is to revert to the gov'-rnment. and a like grant is to be de voted elsewhere to toroviding early and direct connecti, n between Portlanl by the t'olumbia riv 'r and Snake river with the Pacific railroal near Salt Lake. This grant is under the same Sestri'-tions as the former grant and, eretofore ga t.-d to the Portlaed, Salt Lake and South Pass Railroad Company. The . ther sections of the bill, after exe'pt ing trom the grant lands on which entry has been under the homestead and tre empti ,n laws. enact that upon failure t e molete the r as Indicated in the bid,. all the land grant eept the right of way snd , tation shall be to the government. The proceeds of of the United States, and shall form a sinking fund for thel payment of the interest aceruing on the first mortgage egnstruetion bonds of the road, provision being made for the Investment of the said sinking fund in government securi ties. The payments or interest shalllbe made semi annually in April and October to coupon hold crs pro rata. the corporation to furnish the Treasury Department with the amount of in terest accrued on the bonds outstanding ten days before such interest falls due. Nothing in this bill Is to be construed as creating any Ila hility on the part of the United States to guar antee or pay interest on any of the bonds of the road in excess of moneys arising from the pre-emption and sales of lands granted to the company and actually paid into the treasury. The United States reserves the right to levy a tax of ten per cent on the net earnings of the road to meet the principal of the construction bonds. The United States Entomological Comn Commlsilon. WASHINGTON. Nov. 9.-Prof. C. V. Riley, chief of the United States Entomological Commis sion, now at St. Louis, states in a private letter received here to-day, that the members of the commission are all hard at work getting their re ort on the Western locust ready to submit to Congress in December. He also states that the eonmmiesion will hold a protracted meeting in Washington some time next month, to arrange matters for the future progress of the work. A DISASTROUS STORM. The Pennsylvania Mines Completely Flooded by Heavy Rains. POrTTSVILLE. Pa., Nov. !r.-This region was visi-rd by the heaviest storms of the seasron ye-terdi)y, comm',n.ing.t noon awnl not abating until after midnight. Reports from all parts ,of the mining districts show considerable damage done. At. Mahoney a' d in Law rence, the mines caved in, taking down a part of the public road and breaking the water pipes A great number of the mines of the I'hiladelphia and Reading Coal and Iron (Company were flooded to such an extent that the pumps proved Inadejluae, and the mules had to he hoisted out to save them from being drowned. Operations were suspended to-day in nearly all of this company's mines. The pumps are being con-tantly worked, however, and it is be lieved that by to-morrow most of the mines will be in a condition to resume operations. THE CIGAR MIAKERS STRIKE. What the ntrlker4 Propose to Do If the Manutacturern Employ Chinese Labor. NEW YORK, Nov. 10.-The cigar makers still re main resolute and deny that they will give in; the strikers still think the scheme of importing Chinese cigar makers is not intended to be car ried out, and that the whole thing is nothing but a dodige to bring them to work again ; when aasured. however, that Stratton & Storm had almost completed negotiations with the labor companies in SH n Francisco to bring three hun dred Chinarmen t this . ity, one of the ex-culive committee -idl: "Then there will be a riot: we are not going to stand still and let the China men take the bread from out of our mouths: we will induce all workingmn n in the city to strike, because of the intro loition of Chinese labor, which affects them as much as it does ourselves; we will not allow this city to be made a second San Francisco, and if needs be, we shall drive the Chinese out by force." The Bank of Montreal Libel Case. MONTREAL, NOV. 9.-In the bond eonspirapy case. for libeling the Bank of Montreal, the magistrate decided that C. O Perrault. vice con sul for France. was not bound to answer as to who gave him the Information which appeared in the Ottawa Telegram, as it had no relevancy to the bond case. Mr. Perrault in a subsequent examination admitted supplying the information which he claimed would have been inve tigated in the Dominion Parliament. but f6r a hidden and powerful influence. A Steamer Lost. KEOK.'K. Nov. 9.-The steamer Mitchell sunk. Seventy-flve pa.ssengers escaped. Two hundred t)ns of freight is damaged. Fire. CAMDEN. N. J., Nov. 9--The extensive carraige works of Chas. S. Coffrey. corner Tenth and Market. streets, were totally destroyed by fire this mornimg. Loss on buildings. tools. pat ternsand offiie furniture estimated at $105,000; insurance $s2,00. Norfolk and Liverpool. NEW Yo`tC, Nov. 9.-A Norfolk, Va.. dispatch sa.s; The British steamship Venezuelan c'lear elI yesterday for Liverpool with :600 bales of tcotton. This is the first shipment of cotton direct to Europe by the recently established line of steamers running from that city to Liverpool, Gen. Pearson Indicted for Murder. I'ITTsUnto;. Nov. 9.-The Grand Jury ignored the hill against Gen. Pearson, charged with murder in connection with the riots here in .July last. The San Francisco Cigar Makers. SAN Fascntsco. Nov. 9.-The Cigar Makers' Union deny the recently telegraphed statement thtat they will bring any of the New York strik ing cigar makers to this city. Inq uiry among the Cnlncse fail to confirm the reports that any of them are going to New York to take the place of the strikers. Readinc Flooded. READINo. Nov. 9.-The heavy rains of last night and this morning raised the tributaries of the Schuylkill. and that river is now four feet above low-water mark. The tow path of the canal is entirely submerged, and boating is suspended for the present. SOUTH AND CEN IRAL AMERICAN nEW4. [Correspondence of the National Associated Press.l Colombla. PANAMA, Nov. 1.-On Saturday, October 2", an emeute occurred at the meeting of the electoral college in this city. The college assumed tooe functions of ele-ting certain persons to the State and National Legislature. in spite of the Drescribhed programme of the candidates to be declared elected. An exchange of words be tween the members of the board and the look ers-on ensu-ld. Taunts and threats were interchanged, and handfuls of corn were thrown on the floor of the meeting by an officer of the garrison, indicat ing that the members of the board were pigs. Altercation and vociferation prevy lied. ' he officer was rIlacd under temporary arrest. and eventually the Presidert of the Stte, indig nant at the rejection of his candidate and the recrimination which fell largely to his lot, threatened to pla e the power of vengeance in the han.s of his troops. That night he slett in the barracks with his men. He finally tender-d his resignation of the por sidenvc for the purpose of chailenging a memberof the board to fight a duel. The Su prior Court refused to accept his resignation ,lce ruse all those d,-signed to act as Vice Presi dents refused to accept the post. Since then moderate councils have produced a calmness which is likely to continue, as the faction of the Liberal party in power cann t with safaty en dur- hard discord in their ranks. A report of a commission from the State of Antiqua shows that an attempt was m de to assassinate its President. G.-n. Trujillo. and that in consoquence the State has been declared in a state of siege. The still recalcitrant clericals are to be ex pe-led. A rebellious snirit has been made manifest in the Sta'es of Magdalena. ,antand r and Con dimonrica, provoke.d by the so-called dlee ive franchises of the priests having been ignored by the men in power. A Mr. Rose has made a contract to build a central railroad at a cost of $2,000,0o0o. Peru. The will of the late Mr. Henry Meigs has b, en publi-hed in the Ro,rdh Pacific Times of Callao. Thie great works he had in hand came to a standstill at his death. The elec:ions of the 21st of October were ex pected to bh sa, guin ,ry. In a preliminary, ffray on the 14th some thir teen persons w re wounded, several of whom have since died. A half mad fellow, thrust into a cell with thirteen others, fell upon his companions in prison, kil-ed one man, fatally wmunded an o ad eiut our othxW ? za r ex #erious. ly with a clasp knife. his frantic butchery be ing chocked only by the interference of the prison poline. At 8qltas, an out of the way place. Mrs. Johnson wife of the British Vice Consul, was, on the first of July fired and , hAsed out of her house at night with her two little children, and had to seeg safety in the woods. Bolivia. Order has been restored. Thu election are going in favor of the government. Those' persons arrested as a eompliees in the late at temet at revolution have been released. Chill. The negotiations between Chili and France with reference to the seizure of the Jeanne Amelie by a Chilian cruiser in a disputed port have been published. P'aroff has been arrested and is in prison awaiting his trial for swindling. Guatemala. An attempt to assassinare President Barrieros was made by a priest named Pajest. The P'resi dent's servant shot down the would-be assassin, and, it, said, was rewarded for his prompt ness by a colonel's commission in the army. FOREIGN NEWS. THE FRENCH CRISIW. MacMahon Will Not Realin. PARIs. NOV. 9 --The ,llonieor anr)noulnees that President MaMah,.n, at a Cabinet council this morning, exprested a firm resoliutioni not to resign. He said for the pre'ent he corsidered it his duty to susipendl all negoliations for the forma ti',n of a row Caitinet until the debates and attitudeu of the Chamber of Deputies should furnish him a basis of Iactioi. Tie ministers thereupon withdrew their re signati, nf. declaring that they did not wish to impose themselves on the Marshal. but would support* him energetically as long as hei re qluirc I their services. The Chamber of Deputies. PARIn. Nov. 9.-The Chamber of Deputies has verified some elections of Republic.ins. and de eided by a large m ,jot ity to p astpone discus sion on the validity of eleotions of ofnfiial can didates, as the discussilon would involve im portant que stions. All the presidents of the bnreaux of the Chamber of Deputies and their secretaries be long to the Left. The Senate. VERSAILLES, Nov. 9.-The Senato elected as president of its bureaux five from the Right and four from the Left. It then, after an unim portant sitting, adjourned until Wednesday. The Right Centre. LONDON, Nov. 9.-Reuter's Paris dispatch says: The deliegates of all the groups of the Right waited upon the 3Mrshal to-night, to assure him he might count on a majority in the Senate for an energetic defense of the country and so ciety. The attitude of the Right Centre of the Senate is attracting much attention, as it Is regarded as the pivot of the situatin. It is said now the utmost the Cabinet can ox pee fr m this party is their abstention from a hostile vote. Lord Mayor's Day. LONDON. Nov. 9 -To-day being Lord Mayor's Day, there was a general suspension of busi ness. The weather was cold and disagreeable, with a drizzling rain feling, but the streets however, were crowded to witness the usual procession. The in utmbent, SirThomas White, to-day relinquished the office, and Right Hon. Mayor Thomas S. Aud-n, A lierman for Bishop's Gate, who was elected last September, was in duct d into the office after the csutomary re ligious services at the Guild Hall. The procession traversed a route much longer than usual, because, according to custom, it was ne.essary to perambulate the wards of the Lord Mayor elect and the Sheriff. which hao pened to be in portions of the city widely apart. Contrary to u-age. however, the procession did not pass the Mansion House. To-night a grand banquet was given at the Guild Hall in honorof the occasion, and at which there was a brilliant assemblage gathered. Among those present was the Earl of Beaconsfield. who during his remarks on the Eastern que-tion said, " I hough the time to meldiate had arrived and European intervention might end the war. England would remain neutral unless her interests were directly attacked." The Lancashire Handicap. LoNDOtN, Nov. 9.-The race for the great Lan cashire handicap at the Liverpool meeting to day, was won by Arbitrator, with White Ball second and Hezer third. WAR NOTES. Panic of the Turks. CONSTANTINOPLE Nov. --An official telegram from Mukhtar Pasha. dated November 5. ad mits that the Russians compelled him to retreat from Dcy Itryun. It says some of his officers who were panic stricken and abandone I several guns, will be trtied by court-martial. The dis patch concludes: "We ate now occupying the fortifications of Erzetoum and preparing means of defense. The Nervian Troops. VIENNA, Nov. H.-The 'oltifical C(orretrpondlenrt's Bel.rade special says: 'The Porte has demanded the withdrawal of the Servian corps of otbserva tion from the frontier, under pain of vigorous military measures. Erzeroum not Taken by the Russians. LONDON, Nov. 9.-A dispatch from Erzeroum, dated Tuestay, November e, makes no mention of the evacuation of that town. On the contrary Muhktar telegraphs that he is confident he can hold the place. Fighting at Erzeroum. LONDoN, Nov. 9.-A dispatch from Constan tinople sa' s that Ghazi Moukhtar Pasha tele graphs from Erzeroum. under date of Thurs day, that the Russians attacked his fortified po siton at Azizuc. They were totally defeated and were pursued. --- -...,t-41- , MONEY AND STOCK.8 NEW YORK. Nov. 9--Wall street-Money closed at 5bd; ' cent. Exchange closed at 451t(,454y. Gold closed at. 102L. Governments closed steady ; currency sixes 121'%. Pacifle Railroad bonds closed as follows: Union firsts l.iCW,@le; : land grants 103510i3%; sinking funds 94,'@0944; Centrals 1063()41('.Ae. The stock market closed steady, and prices advanced 4(q,% i cent from the lowest pDintof the day. The following are the closing bids: New York Central....... .......... ...10 Harlem ................................... 144'., E rie ...................... ..................... Erie. preferred ... ...................... ti Lake Shore ................ ... 67' W aba h .h.......................... 151 Northwe-tern ........... .................. ,34 Northwester,, preferred ..................... ,4 Rock Island ......- . .......................0 Fort Wayne ......... .. .................. 91i St. Paul .................... 3: St. Paul. preferred ........................... 67 P ittsburg ................................... .. 79T 6 D laware, Lackawanna and Western .- - 4?%' New Jo sey Central ................... ..... 11 Delaware and Hudson Canal. ..... - .. . ..... 436 Morris arid Essex-.... .................... 7.3 Michigan Central ... .................. .. ,2 Illinois Central.............................. 72'; Union Pacific ............................. e.3; 0. C. and I.C ................ .. ............ St. Joseph......... .................... 16 St. Joseph. preferred ........................ 2 Ohio and Mississippi........ ........... 9 West.rn Union...... .................79% Atlantic and Pacific Telegraph ............. 23% Pacific Mail.... ........................... Quicksilver....... .................... 17 Quicksilver, preferred ......... .......... 35 Adams Express ...... .................... . 97' Wells. Fagg , & Co. Express ................8. 8s, American Expr ss .......................... :T,2 Unitred States Express ....................... 46v In State bonds Ohinsixes of Ist1 sold at 10,; Gergia sevens (new) 10S; L/,uiiiana consols 87%: Missouri long sixes 106'x, and District of Columbia 3-65's 74'x. Domestic Markets. ST. Louis, Nov. 9.-Wheat-No. 2 cash; st 30 bid: N... 3 cash: $1 24i bid:November $1 244 December St 24%; sellers all the year $1 24% January $1 25%; s liers l 11. Corn 4.3 cash November 42% ; Dcember 40% bid ; all the year 40K: January -9%; May 42'. Oats 25% eash; Cointinlet on E' htL Page. IMPROVING TIHE MISSISSIPPI. TWO PLANt FOR THE WORK. That of the United Mtates Engineers and That of Capt. Eads. The immense value of the alluvial lands of the Mississippi and the Inability of the States In which they lie to protect them from overflow. will probably cause Congress to take some no tion upon this subject at an early day. Theso lands are wonderfully fertile and of great 0X tent, and when once made secure, their taxable value and productiveness will be immensely in creased. Two plans for the reclamation of these lands are now definitely before the country. One is known as that of the United tat!es Engineers, and the other as that of Capt. Eadls,tho engineer of the jetties. The first plan is explained in the report of a commission authorized by Con gress in 1874. of which (Gen. (i. K. Warren was president, and (ion. Abbott a member. The re tiort is unanimous, and is further strengthened by the full indcrsement of (Gen. A. A. Hum phreys. Chief of Engineers of tile Army. Capt. Ends' plan is the very oppesite of the United atates Engineers, and is based on theoriesso tlirectly contrary to theirs, that one or the other party m ist he greatly in error. The plan of the Commission may be saidto rest upon the correctness of what is known as the "Outlet system." which is explained in its report In the following words: "The plan con sis s inl abstracting from the river and condaot ing by separate channels to the gulf such a volume of the flood disharg, as shall be suffi cient to bring down the flod level to a height easily under control by levees." The Commis sion does not, however, pi opose to make any new outlets, buit says: ' Thy are correct in theory, but no advantageous sites for their con struction exist." It accordingly recommends the keeping open of all existing natural out lets. and especially Bayou .it liafalaya, which now not only discharges nearly all the waters of Rted river, but a large portion of the flood waters of the Mississippi. 'hoe Commission recommends repairing the defective levees; the closure of the crevasses. and the completion of the entire levee system from ' ape Girardeau. Mo., to the lower end of the river, and the ex tension of the levees up the mouths of the tribu taries and down the bayous far enough to guard against backwater. The commission assumes that the retention of all the flood waters between the levees when the crevasses are closed, will : nrr ,ase the height of the w-ter, and thus require the levees to be built much higher and stronger than the pres ent ones. It says: "If we guard against the crevasses by raising and strengthening our levees, an elevation of the high water mark. ex a-tly proportioned to the increased volume will be sure to occur. To co tain a quart ok water, a vessel must have exac ly the requisite number of cubic Inches, and a like princip1t applies with equal force to water in motion. To meet this increased elevaiion of the high water mark, it dec ares that it will be necessary to build up the entire system from three to eleven feet higher than the great flood of l66. Beveral hundred miles of the levees must be from ten to eleven feet higher than that flood. The cost of this entire system of works is estl mated by the commission at $46.000,000. Capt. Eads published a review of the commis sion s report last year, in which he sta'es that the theories and assumptions oa which Its plan is based are unquestionuably or oneous. Hede clares that every bayou and ' utlet of the river, and, nlad ed, every river in the world that flows through a bed formed by its own deposits, prove that the "outlet system" is not correct because, as the volume of the stream decreases its slope Increases, and, abstracting a partof the flood volume. will, therefore. inevitably pro- - duce a higher flood line. Ile says, 'he report repeats the same theories anl assumes the ex i'tence of the same conditions in ' he river that were advanced to support the predicted failure of the jetties, by those who opposed the jetty system for improving the mouth of the river and that not.one of these theories is supporteD by the facts the jetties have developed. Recently, in Cincinnati. Capt. Eals explained his views at considerable length. In the Mer chants' Exchange, upon the levee qun stfon, the improvement of the river below Cairo. success he has already secured at the jettles give much weight to his opinions on this s feet, and we will present as briefly as possible the salient features of his arguments. C.pt. Fads dec'ares: 1. That the great mass of sediment annually discharged into the seats transported in the water, where it is kept sust pended by the action of the current and that it is not pushed along the bottom of the river. 2 That the quantity upheld depends upon the ve, locity of the current, modified by the depth of the water. 3. That tne quantity of sediment an nually discharged into the sea and over the banks of the river throughout its alluvial basin must be, during any long period of years, about equal to the amount poured into the trunk by its trib utaries during that period. If it discharged less than it received the bed would fill up' If it dis charged more the difference would have to be taken from its bed; whereas there is no proof of any sensible alteration in the size of its chan nel during many years. The current must therefore be so regula ed by the river that it will discharge no more nor no less than the amount received. Frm these facts Capt. Eads declares that al terations from the normal velocity of current priodce deposit and scour, he normal veloolty being assumed as that rate which will uphold and carry forward the sediment without loss or increase if quantity. By the action of deposit and scour the i iver is able to ret,ore the normal velocity when from any cause it hias been dis turbtied. Ie alluvial basin being composed wholly of matters deposited t,y the current, it can again remove them from the channel by scour if the current be too rapid, or add to them by deposit if too slow. The friction of the water in contact with the river bed, is the chief element retardingthe current. The inclination. or slopve of the sur face of the stream, determines the intensity of the force of gravity, which produces the cur rent; thus, if the friction be greater at one place than at another, and an equal current be required at each, the slop" must be steeper where the friction is greater than where it is less. The normal current being absolutitly necessary to maintain the capacity of thie hannel unalter ed; and the friction being much greater at some localitiesthan others, we must. "xpecttosee great diversity in the slope or inclhnationof the flood line of the river. These diversities do exist. The lowest slope exi-ts in the 1I0 miles between the passes and New Or leans where it is less than an inch and a half lper mile; while the steep ct slope ex ists in the river from Cairo to Memphis, where it averages nearly five inches, and theA Bayou Atchatalaya, where it is about six inches. As the channel of the river is e ,itinually hifting, especially from Cairo to Red river. bends caving in. snd cut-offs forming, it follows that the river must posrsess some means of establishabing and alrering these various slopes to regulate the cuqrrent, so that through all these changes it shall maintain the capacity or size of the channel intact and not run rior. This is done by sour and deposit. Too much vol city in creases the sispendilng power of the water, and it takes up the material of which the bed is form'd. This is called scour, a'd the result is a deepe ning of the ehannl and a ilowering of the surface sloupe. As thi isi Iow.redrl e current fails to t,,e normal rate and the s.olr eceas.es. If the current be to, slack the wAter cannot uphold its burlen. a portion falls and builds ot the hot tom. This is called deposit As the bottom rises the flood slope incri.asusi, and the current becomes more rapid. until lina I. it flows so fast that the normal speed is e'tablished and deposit cea.scs. Raisltg the slope necessitates raising tore levees. Jun as the sl re cun be 1Iwered can levtes ie dispunsed wi'h. What ever increa es the resistance to, th: flow of the water makes steeper slopes and higher levees iueitrabjr. Friction of the bedriof he stream does this to a much greater exvent than all the other retarding influences combin'd. This is leastwhere the stream is narr.we-t, oand it is lessened in ratio as the volume is increasedL For instance, from Red riv-r to the Passes, 320 miles. the steen is about one ait three quarter in heas per mile. lI the river -were divided into two equal streams, this slope would be much steeper in ea.h and th levve, would have to be higher. Bayoul Atrh.'ialaya, at Bed river, takes off abour tna tenth of the volume to the sea with a slope of six inches per milte. If it to k off half of it the sope of the main river w .ulil h-ve, t, be steeper than it is ,r it would dry iup an Atrhafalays would become lnarg r and fla't r. if th- waters of the whole river were , qua:ly ivided wilh Atchafalaya, it would soon araidran ts channel b low that outlet and wounl discharge tte on tire volume ttrough Atchafiyva. Thb. Kr, ater ratio of friction to volume in A ehr'falaya now prevents its iteD elope and short route to the sea from being taken by the whole river. Ii is abiout one-third the distance by it t, the gulf that it is by the main river, Bteep slore ae and small volumes ar always found together in alluvial streams, unless the cannel is filling up or abanfduiard, iefr* itat 16 caiosis to hie Letil'